Post List

  • August 28, 2015
  • 08:59 AM
  • 16 views

This is what happened when psychologists tried to replicate 100 previously published findings

by BPS Research Digest in BPS Research Digest

While 97 per cent of the original results showed a statistically significanteffect, this was reproduced in only 36 per cent of the replications After some high-profile and at times acrimonious failures to replicate past landmark findings, psychology as a discipline and scientific community has led the way in trying to find out more about why some scientific findings reproduce and others don't, including instituting reporting practices to improve the reliability of future results. Much ........ Read more »

Open Science Collaboration. (2015) Estimating the reproducibility of psychological science . Science . info:/

  • August 28, 2015
  • 04:05 AM
  • 24 views

Autoantibodies not implicated in cases of autism?

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

Contrary results are a common feature of the autism peer-reviewed research landscape. No sooner does one group publish the next 'big thing' when it comes to the singular term 'autism' than seemingly opposite results follow suit.So it is with the paper under discussion today by Simran Kalra and colleagues [1] (open-access) who concluded that: "The idea that autoantibodies represent an underlying cause or are biomarkers for autism pathophysiology is not supported by this report."Autoantibodies by ........ Read more »

  • August 27, 2015
  • 07:25 PM
  • 26 views

The Minimalist Index for running shoes

by Craig Payne in Running Research Junkie

The Minimalist Index for running shoes... Read more »

Esculier, J., Dubois, B., Dionne, C., Leblond, J., & Roy, J. (2015) A consensus definition and rating scale for minimalist shoes. Journal of Foot and Ankle Research, 8(1). DOI: 10.1186/s13047-015-0094-5  

  • August 27, 2015
  • 01:45 PM
  • 28 views

HIV particles do not cause AIDS, our own immune cells do

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

Researchers have revealed that HIV does not cause AIDS by the virus’s direct effect on the host’s immune cells, but rather through the cells’ lethal influence on one another. HIV can either be spread through free-floating virus that directly infect the host immune cells or an infected cell can pass the virus to an uninfected cell.... Read more »

  • August 27, 2015
  • 12:00 PM
  • 26 views

The brain’s ebb and flow cares not for distance

by Pierre Megevand in Neuroscience and Medicine

Over the past decade, functional neuroimaging has revealed that our brains go through ever-changing patterns of activity, whether we are active or at rest, healthy or sick, under legal medication or high on illegal drugs. Yet this dynamic activity takes place over the comparatively fixed anatomical grid of neuronal connections; the functional weights of those connections therefore must be changing over time. Bratislav Misic, Marc G. Berman and their colleagues, from the Rotman Research Institute........ Read more »

Mišić, B., Fatima, Z., Askren, M., Buschkuehl, M., Churchill, N., Cimprich, B., Deldin, P., Jaeggi, S., Jung, M., Korostil, M.... (2014) The Functional Connectivity Landscape of the Human Brain. PLoS ONE, 9(10). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0111007  

  • August 27, 2015
  • 11:37 AM
  • 26 views

The Man Who Saw His Double In The Mirror

by Neuroskeptic in Neuroskeptic_Discover

A creepy case report in the journal Neurocase describes a man who came to believe that his reflection was another person who lived behind the mirror.





The patient, Mr. B., a 78-year-old French man, was admitted to the neurology department in Tours:
During the previous 10 days, Mr. B. reported the presence of a stranger in his home who was located behind the mirror of the bathroom and strikingly shared his physical appearance. The stranger was a double of himself: he was the same size,... Read more »

  • August 27, 2015
  • 09:29 AM
  • 30 views

Light From Electronic Screens Can Disrupt Teenage Sleep Patterns

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Stephanie J. Crowley, Ph.D. Assistant Professor Biological Rhythms Research Laboratory Department of Behavioral Sciences Rush University Medical Center Chicago, IL 60612 Medical Research: What is the background for this study? Dr. Crowley: Your readers may have seen … Continue reading →
The post Light From Electronic Screens Can Disrupt Teenage Sleep Patterns appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News.
... Read more »

Stephanie J. Crowley, Ph.D., & Assistant Professo. (2015) Light From Electronic Screens Can Disrupt Teenage Sleep Patterns. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • August 27, 2015
  • 09:18 AM
  • 32 views

Oncotype DX Assay Can Help Guide Adjuvant Breast Cancer Chemotherapy

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Michaela Ann Dinan Ph.D. Assistant Professor in Medicine Member of Duke Cancer Institute Duke University School of Medicine Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Dinan: For many years … Continue reading →
The post Oncotype DX Assay Can Help Guide Adjuvant Breast Cancer Chemotherapy appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News.
... Read more »

Michaela Ann Dinan Ph.D. (2015) Oncotype DX Assay Can Help Guide Adjuvant Breast Cancer Chemotherapy. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • August 27, 2015
  • 09:10 AM
  • 32 views

Patients In Greatest Need of Health Care Perceive Their Physicians As “Empty”

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Juliana Schroeder PhD, Assistant Professor Berkeley Haas Management of Organizations Group University of California at Berkeley Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Schroeder: Whereas much research examines how … Continue reading →
The post Patients In Greatest Need of Health Care Perceive Their Physicians As “Empty” appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and........ Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with:, & Juliana Schroeder PhD, Assistant Professor. (2015) Patients In Greatest Need of Health Care Perceive Their Physicians As "Empty". MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • August 27, 2015
  • 08:10 AM
  • 31 views

What Does Jimmy Carter Have Against Worms?

by Bill Sullivan in The 'Scope

You may have heard last week that former President Jimmy Carter wants to wipe the guinea worm out. Read why and how he is achieving this goal.... Read more »

  • August 27, 2015
  • 07:55 AM
  • 28 views

Fentanyl Buccal Tablet May Provide More Rapid Relief of Cancer Pain

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Dr. Sebastiano Mercadante MD Director, Anesthesia and Intensive Care Unit and Pain Relief and Palliative Care Unit La Maddalena Cancer Center, Palermo, Italy Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. … Continue reading →
The post Fentanyl Buccal Tablet May Provide More Rapid Relief of Cancer Pain appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News.
... Read more »

Dr. Sebastiano Mercadante MD. (2015) Fentanyl Buccal Tablet May Provide More Rapid Relief of Cancer Pain. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • August 27, 2015
  • 07:45 AM
  • 32 views

The Science Behind ‘A Good Cry’

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Asmir Gračanin, PhD Tilburg University Department of Medical and Clinical Psychology & Department of Communication and Information Sciences Tilburg The Netherlands Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Gračanin: … Continue reading →
The post The Science Behind ‘A Good Cry’ appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News.
... Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with:, & Asmir Gračanin, PhD. (2015) The Science Behind 'A Good Cry'. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • August 27, 2015
  • 07:26 AM
  • 28 views

Cardiovascular Events Decreased Most Among Adults At Highest Risk

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Jay R. Desai, PhD, MPH HealthPartners Institute for Education and Research Minneapolis, MN 55425 Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Desai: SUPREME-DM is a consortium of 11 integrated … Continue reading →
The post Cardiovascular Events Decreased Most Among Adults At Highest Risk appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News.
... Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with:, & Jay R. Desai, PhD, MPH. (2015) Cardiovascular Events Decreased Most Among Adults At Highest Risk. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • August 27, 2015
  • 06:11 AM
  • 11 views

Hiding negative emotions may take more of a toll on your relationship than faking positive ones, especially if you're extravert

by BPS Research Digest in BPS Research Digest

Handling your emotions in a close relationship is often a balancing act. You want to be true to yourself and open with your partner, but there are also times when it seems necessary to exert some emotional control – to hide your frustration, for example, or to feign happiness at their news (perhaps your partner is thrilled about a work trip, which in truth you'd rather they didn't take).A new study, published recently in the Journal of Psychology, is among the first the explore the toll of the........ Read more »

  • August 27, 2015
  • 03:58 AM
  • 40 views

Fish oils preventing psychosis: long-term effects?

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

"This is the first study to show, to the best of our knowledge, that a 12-week intervention with omega-3 PUFAs [polyunsaturated fatty acids] prevented transition to full-threshold psychotic disorder and led to sustained symptomatic and functional improvements in young people with an at-risk mental state for 7 years (median)."So said the quite remarkable findings reported by Paul Amminger and colleagues [1] (open-access available here) who followed up their previous research study [2] l........ Read more »

  • August 27, 2015
  • 03:40 AM
  • 30 views

Filtering sequence alignment reduces the quality of single-gene trees

by Christophe Dessimoz in Open Reading Frame

The recent publication of our paper “Current methods for automated filtering of multiple sequence alignments frequently worsen single-gene phylogenetic inference” in Systematic Biology is the conclusion of 5 years of work, most of which was spent in peer-review. I will write a separate post on the issue of pre- vs. post-publication in a later post; for now, I’ll summarise our main results and try to provide an intuition for them.

Does automatic alignment filtering lead to bett........ Read more »

  • August 26, 2015
  • 07:15 PM
  • 28 views

Microbiome Differs Between Schizophrenic Patients and Controls

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Keith A. Crandall, PhD Director – Computational Biology Institute George Washington University Innovation Hall Suite 305 Ashburn, VA 20147-2766 Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Crandall: We wanted … Continue reading →
The post Microbiome Differs Between Schizophrenic Patients and Controls appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News.
... Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with:, & Keith A. Crandall, PhD. (2015) Microbiome Differs Between Schizophrenic Patients and Controls. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • August 26, 2015
  • 05:54 PM
  • 43 views

Non-Visual Processing in the Visual Cortex

by Neuroskeptic in Neuroskeptic_Discover

Are there areas of the cerebral cortex purely devoted to vision? Or can the "visual" cortex, under some conditions, respond to sounds? Two papers published recently address this question.



First off, Micah Murray and colleagues of Switzerland discuss The multisensory function of primary visual cortex in humans in a review paper published in Neuropsychologia.

They criticize the conventional view that the primary visual cortex (in the occipital lobe) is little more than a reception point ... Read more »

Bedny M, Richardson H, & Saxe R. (2015) "Visual" Cortex Responds to Spoken Language in Blind Children. The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 35(33), 11674-81. PMID: 26290244  

Murray MM, Thelen A, Thut G, Romei V, Martuzzi R, & Matusz PJ. (2015) The multisensory function of primary visual cortex in humans. Neuropsychologia. PMID: 26275965  

  • August 26, 2015
  • 03:35 PM
  • 21 views

Young Breast Cancer Patients Have Much Higher BRCA Mutation Than White

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Tuya Pal MD Division of Population Sciences Department of Health Outcomes and Behavior Moffitt Cancer Center Tampa, Florida   Medical Research: What is the background for this study? Dr. Pal:  Young Black women bear a disproportionate burden … Continue reading →
The post Young Breast Cancer Patients Have Much Higher BRCA Mutation Than White appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News.
... Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with:, & Tuya Pal MD. (2015) Young Breast Cancer Patients Have Much Higher BRCA Mutation Than White. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • August 26, 2015
  • 03:30 PM
  • 42 views

A ripple effect: skipping a single exon in PTBP1 leads to changes in splicing and neural differentiation

by Betty Zou in Eat, Read, Science

The splicing regulator PTBP1 undergoes is alternatively spliced in mammals to exclude a single exon. Here, researchers at the University of Toronto show for the first time how this uniquely evolved splice isoform functions to facilitate neural differentiation.... Read more »

Gueroussov S, Gonatopoulos-Pournatzis T, Irimia M, Raj B, Lin ZY, Gingras AC, & Blencowe BJ. (2015) RNA SPLICING. An alternative splicing event amplifies evolutionary differences between vertebrates. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6250), 868-73. PMID: 26293963  

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