Claims that children with autism have abnormal brain white matter connections may just reflect the fact that they move about more during their MRI scans. So say a team of Harvard and MIT neuroscientists, including Nancy “Voodoo Correlations” Kanwisher, in a new paper: Spurious group differences due to head motion in a diffusion MRI study. […]The post Head Movement Is Bad News For Neuroscience (Again) appeared first on Neuroskeptic.... Read more »
Yendiki A, Koldewyn K, Kakunoori S, Kanwisher N, & Fischl B. (2013) Spurious group differences due to head motion in a diffusion MRI study. Neuroimage. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2013.11.027
How do we distinguish learning from our friends from learning because our friends happen to be around? When I was younger, Goldeneye on the Nintendo 64 was the game to play, but I was sadly N64-less. Did I learn how to play Goldeneye because my friends were good at it and showed me, or because whenever I […]... Read more »
Ilan, T, Katsnelson, E, Motro, U, Feldman, M, & Lotem, A. (2013) The role of beginner’s luck in learning to prefer risky patches by socially foraging house sparrows . Behavioral Ecology. info:/10.1093/beheco/art079
According to a pair of new studies by Berkeley Lab scientist Marc Fischer and colleagues, current official inventories of methane emissions may greatly underestimate the actual quantity of methane that is being released into the atmosphere.... Read more »
Seongeun Jeong, Ying-Kuang Hsu, Arlyn E. Andrews, Laura Bianco, Patrick Vaca, James M. Wilczak, Marc L. Fischer. (2013) A multitower measurement network estimate of California's methane emissions. Journal of Geophysical Research, 118(19), 11338-11351. DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50854
There is a growing body of research linking dietary nut consumption with reduced risk of cancer and cardiovascular disease.A recent large study adds to our understanding of this link.Ying Bao and colleagues published the results of a large epidemiological study using women participating in the Nurse's Health Study and men participating in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study.Approximately 120,000 participants in these two studies were followed over a period of 30 years.During the course of t........ Read more »
Bao Y, Han J, Hu FB, Giovannucci EL, Stampfer MJ, Willett WC, & Fuchs CS. (2013) Association of nut consumption with total and cause-specific mortality. The New England journal of medicine, 369(21), 2001-11. PMID: 24256379
Bullying can have a big impact, including loneliness, depression, anxiety, low self-esteem and even suicide. Now cyberbullying is on the rise. How to adress this new phenonemon? Researchers map responses that are successful (or unsuccesful) against cyberbullying.... Read more »
Wanda Cassidy, Chantal Faucher and Margaret Jackson. (2013) Cyberbullying among youth: A comprehensive review of current international research and its implications and application to policy and practice . School Psychology International. DOI: 10.1177/0143034313479697
Dr. Hanna MikkolaDr. Hanna Mikkola and researchers at the UCLA's Eli and Edythe Broad Center of Regenerative Medicine and Stem Cell Research announced today that they have identified a novel progenitor cell and a related cell communication pathway that are key to the successful growth of a healthy placenta.Led by Dr. Mikkola, associate professor of molecular, cell, and developmental biology in the life sciences, and Dr. Masaya Ueno, post-doctoral fellow, the team's discovery gives scient........ Read more »
Masaya Ueno, Lydia K. Lee, Akanksha Chhabra, Yeon Joo Kim, Rajkumar Sasidharan, Ben Van Handel, Ying Wang, Masakazu Kamata, Paniz Kamran, Konstantina-Ioanna Sereti, Reza Ardehali, Meisheng Jiang, Hanna K.A. Mikkola. (2013) c-Met-Dependent Multipotent Labyrinth Trophoblast Progenitors Establish Placental Exchange Interface. Developmental Cell. DOI: 10.1016/j.devcel.2013.10.019
Researchers have found that the happiest marriages are those where wives are able to quickly calm down during argument.
Emotions are most important things in the every aspect of life especially marital life. They can make or destroy relationship.
In the present study, researchers studied middle-aged (40-50 years old) and older (60-70 years old) long-term married couples, considering the control of negative emotions during discuss........ Read more »
Bloch L, Haase CM, Levenson RW. (2013) Emotion Regulation Predicts Marital Satisfaction: More Than a Wives’ Tale. Emotion. DOI: 10.1037/a0034272
Scientists have reported that galaxies in groups might have less gas than lonely galaxies. This gas acts as fuel and is helpful in production of more stars.
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (MNRAS)
A team of astronomers used Arecibo radio telescope and measured the hydrogen content of 250 galaxies in different locations and found that lonely galaxies have more gas than the group of galaxies.
Intergal........ Read more »
Barbara Catinella et al. (2013) The GALEX Arecibo SDSS Survey – VIII. Final data release. The effect of group environment on the gas content of massive galaxies. MNRAS. DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stt1417
We’ve talked quite a bit here about the different ways that human remains can be disturbed once they are buried. We’ve had the “5 Reasons to Remove Single Bones from a Grave“, “Five Reasons for Moving an Entire Skeleton“, “Five Reasons for Disturbing a Burial” and “5 Reasons for Relocating an Entire Cemetery“. In most … Continue reading »... Read more »
ASPOCK, E. (2011) PAST ‘DISTURBANCES’ OF GRAVES AS A SOURCE: TAPHONOMY AND INTERPRETATION OF REOPENED EARLY MEDIEVAL INHUMATION GRAVES AT BRUNN AM GEBIRGE (AUSTRIA) AND WINNALL II (ENGLAND). OXFORD JOURNAL OF ARCHAEOLOGY, 30(3), 299-324. DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-0092.2011.00370.x
Explaining a rule or concept to yourself forces you to think deeply about it. Plenty of studies have shown this has benefits, both in terms of improving the understanding of relevant concepts and aiding the skill or process in question. Unfortunately, as Katherine McEldoon and her colleagues argue in their new paper, most of these studies are flawed because they failed to control for the extra time spent on self-explanation. So a typical study has compared, say, 30 minutes practice against 30 mi........ Read more »
McEldoon KL, Durkin KL, & Rittle-Johnson B. (2013) Is self-explanation worth the time? A comparison to additional practice. The British journal of educational psychology, 83(4), 615-32. PMID: 24175685
Sport and height may affect performance on baseline concussion assessments. Therefore, when athletic trainers evaluate a patient who lacks a baseline concussion assessment they should be cautious using normative data because it may not be optimal.
... Read more »
Zimmer A, Piecora K, Schuster D, & Webbe F. (2013) Sport and team differences on baseline measures of sport-related concussion. Journal of Athletic Training, 48(5), 659-67. PMID: 23952044
“Using English is the sign of a great mind. Discuss.” Sounds like an absurdly bigoted essay topic? While I’ve made up the topic and while most readers will baulk at such an explicit association of English with academic excellence, most … Continue reading →... Read more »
Erkkilä, Tero. (2013) Global University Rankings, Transnational Policy Discourse and Higher Education in Europe. European Journal of Education. DOI: 10.1111/ejed.12063
A team of leading experts in the science and application of training recently provided a comprehensive review and summary of what is known about training, how to decide whether training is needed, what steps to follow in training program design, and among other things, how to assess a training program’s impact. Properly designed and [...]The post Training and Development for [Legal] Organizations – The Science Behind What to Train, How to Train, and How to Implement and Evaluate the ........ Read more »
Salas, E., Tannenbaum, S. I., Kraiger, K., & Smith-Jentsch, K. A. (2012) The science of training and development in organizations: What matters in practice. Psychological Science in the Public Interest. DOI: 10.1177/1529100612436661
Vascular ischaemia of the toes with characteristic cyanosis.According to a new study by researchers at the University of Bristol's School of Clinical Sciences, human neural stem cells could improve blood flow in critical limb ischemia through the growth of new vessels. Critical limb ischemia (CLI) is a disease that severely obstructs arteries and reduces the blood flow to legs and feet. CLI remains an unmet clinical problem and with an ageing population and the rise in type II diabetes, the ........ Read more »
Katare R, Stroemer P, Hicks C, Stevanato L, Patel S, Corteling R, Miljan E, Vishnubhatla I, Sinden J, & Madeddu P. (2013) Clinical-Grade Human Neural Stem Cells Promote Reparative Neovascularization in Mouse Models of Hindlimb Ischemia. Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology. PMID: 24202301
The United States and much of the developed world is experiencing a frightening rise in obesity. Obesity, as we either know from personal experience, or have been told by others,The post Omega-3 fatty acids a woman eats might alter her baby’s metabolism for life. appeared first on WODMasters.... Read more »
Schipper L, Bouyer K, Oosting A, Simerly RB, & van der Beek EM. (2013) Postnatal dietary fatty acid composition permanently affects the structure of hypothalamic pathways controlling energy balance in mice. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 98(6), 1395-401. PMID: 24108786
Oosting A, Kegler D, Boehm G, Jansen HT, van de Heijning BJ, & van der Beek EM. (2010) N-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids prevent excessive fat deposition in adulthood in a mouse model of postnatal nutritional programming. Pediatric research, 68(6), 494-9. PMID: 20724957
Looking at a recent study of using iPSC's to create neurons and aim to treat parkinsonism in monkey models... Read more »
Emborg ME, Liu Y, Xi J, Zhang X, Yin Y, Lu J, Joers V, Swanson C, Holden JE, & Zhang SC. (2013) Induced pluripotent stem cell-derived neural cells survive and mature in the nonhuman primate brain. Cell reports, 3(3), 646-50. PMID: 23499447
Welcome to Part 3, the final step in our science-tastic trip to the movie theater. I’d suggest checking out Part 1 and Part 2 as so far, you've purchased your expensive ticket, wondered at high concession prices, agonized over which size popcorn to buy, and learned how that choice will ultimately determine how much you will eat. Now you are ready to go find a seat for the show! You pick up your concessions from the counter, figure out how to carry them in such a way as to not spill anything a........ Read more »
Matia Okubo. (2010) Right Movies on the Right Seat: Laterality and Seat Choice. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 90-99. DOI: 10.1002/acp.1556
Paul Rodway, Astrid Schepman, & Jordana Lambert. (2012) Preferring the One in the Middle: Further Evidence for the Centre‐stage Effect. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 215-222. DOI: 10.1002/acp.1812
Peter Weyers, Annette Milnik, Clarissa Muller, & Paul Pauli. (2006) How to choose a seat in theatres: Always sit on the right side?. Laterality, 11(2), 181-193. DOI: 10.1080/13576500500430711
Disability in learning mathematics is a common condition affecting about 5% of the population.I have previously posted a research review on the topic of developmental mathematics disorder, also known as dyscalculia here.A recent imaging study sheds some light on some of the brain correlates of developmental mathematics disorder.Cappelleti and Price from the University College of London studied a group of eleven individuals with developmental mathematics disorder.Subjects in the study were adults........ Read more »
How leeches find their prey Leeches can feel the water movements caused by their prey; however, they best feel these movements when they are moving themselves... Read more »
Harley C.M., Rossi M., Cienfuegos J., Wagenaar D. (2013) Discontinuous locomotion and prey sensing in the leech. Journal of Experimental Biology. DOI: 10.1242/jeb.075911
The very word ‘willpower’ implies a metaphor: that actions (and inhibition of actions) are a matter of conscious will and that they require the use of a resource or source of power. What powers the will is willpower. This is a sort of folk psychology – it takes a special sort of effort to have […]... Read more »
Brass M, Lynn MT, Demanet J, & Rigoni D. (2013) Imaging volition: what the brain can tell us about the will. Experimental brain research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Experimentation cerebrale, 229(3), 301-12. PMID: 23515626
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