Post List

  • July 18, 2014
  • 07:52 AM
  • 106 views

Men's sex appeal boosted by taking risks like a cave man

by Christian Jarrett in BPS Research Digest

A willingness to take risks enhances men's sex appeal. This much we know from past research. What's not clear, is whether this is because of cultural beliefs about traditional gender roles, or if it's an evolutionary hang-over (or perhaps both). John Petraitis and his colleagues have put these two explanations to the test by drawing a distinction between risk-taking behaviours that reflect the challenges faced by our ancestors, and contemporary risks based around modern technology.Over two-hundr........ Read more »

Petraitis, J., Lampman, C., Boeckmann, R., & Falconer, E. (2014) Sex differences in the attractiveness of hunter-gatherer and modern risks. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 44(6), 442-453. DOI: 10.1111/jasp.12237  

  • July 18, 2014
  • 07:02 AM
  • 94 views

Simple Jury Persuasion: Should you communicate the details or the big picture?

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

The American Bar Association is seeking nominations until August 8, 2014 to help it decide on the Top 100 law blogs (“Blawgs”). We have been in the ABA Top 100 for the past 4 years and would like to make it 5! If you like this blog, please nominate us (it’s fast and free) here. THANKS! Doug […]

Related posts:
A pinch of this and a dash of that
A picture is worth a thousand words…
Simple Jury Persuasion: Activate their values


... Read more »

Wakslak CJ, Smith PK, & Han A. (2014) Using abstract language signals power. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 107(1), 41-55. PMID: 24956313  

  • July 18, 2014
  • 06:47 AM
  • 151 views

Ultrafine particulate matter air pollution, mice and autism

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

Reading the headline "Study links air pollution to autism, schizophrenia" in a media piece about the study by Joshua Allen and colleagues* (open-access here) made me want to delve a little more into this research. I've talked before about air pollution and autism (see here) on this blog. Although a healthy degree of scepticism is to be expected with any autism correlation, particularly when it comes to something as generalised as air pollution (or pesticide exposure) there is a growing rese........ Read more »

  • July 18, 2014
  • 05:03 AM
  • 168 views

Blue Eyes Mean Lies?

by Chiara Civardi in United Academics

A recent study by Karel Kleisner et al. (2013) shows eye colour and facial features have an influence on our perception of trustworthiness.... Read more »

Kleisner K, Priplatova L, Frost P, & Flegr J. (2013) Trustworthy-looking face meets brown eyes. PloS one, 8(1). PMID: 23326406  

  • July 18, 2014
  • 03:00 AM
  • 6 views

Intratumoral peripheral small papillary tufts might be a diagnostic clue of BHD

by Lizzie Perdeaux in BHD Research Blog

Contrary to other hereditary kidney cancer conditions, BHD-associated renal tumours are known to be histologically diverse and discordant within families, meaning that members of the same family do not necessarily get the same type of kidney tumour (Pavlovich et al., … Continue reading →... Read more »

Kuroda N, Furuya M, Nagashima Y, Gotohda H, Moritani S, Kawakami F, Imamura Y, Bando Y, Takahashi M, Kanayama HO.... (2014) Intratumoral peripheral small papillary tufts: a diagnostic clue of renal tumors associated with Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome. Annals of diagnostic pathology, 18(3), 171-6. PMID: 24767893  

  • July 18, 2014
  • 02:51 AM
  • 127 views

Cross-cultural variation in men’s preference for sexual dimorphism in women’s faces

by Farid Pazhoohi in Epistemophil

Both attractiveness judgements and mate preferences vary considerably cross-culturally. We investigated whether men’s preference for femininity in women’s faces varies between 28 countries with diverse health conditions by analysing responses of 1972 heterosexual participants. Although men in all countries preferred feminized over masculinized female faces, we found substantial differences between countries in the magnitude of […]... Read more »

Marcinkowska UM, Kozlov MV, Cai H, Contreras-Garduño J, Dixson BJ, Oana GA, Kaminski G, Li NP, Lyons MT, Onyishi IE.... (2014) Cross-cultural variation in men's preference for sexual dimorphism in women's faces. Biology letters, 10(4), 20130850. PMID: 24789138  

  • July 17, 2014
  • 11:30 PM
  • 83 views

WHAT MAKES A CANCER A CANCER? THE HALLMARKS OF CANCER.

by Robb Hollis in Antisense Science

Cancer – the ‘C word’ in far too many of our lives. Wherever you are, it’s unlikely you’ll be able to avoid the news reports and personal stories about people fighting against cancer. Understanding how the disease occurs and how it takes hold over the body is key for developing effective new treatments and managing patients in the clinic, and so huge amounts of money are invested in cancer research every year. But what actually is cancer and how does it develop?... Read more »

Hanahan, D., & Weinberg, R. (2000) The Hallmarks of Cancer. Cell, 100(1), 57-70. DOI: 10.1016/S0092-8674(00)81683-9  

Hanahan D, & Weinberg RA. (2011) Hallmarks of cancer: the next generation. Cell, 144(5), 646-74. PMID: 21376230  

  • July 17, 2014
  • 05:36 PM
  • 103 views

X-Rays Help Study Chemical Reactions in Fuel Cells

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Using high-brilliance X-rays, scientists studied the chemical process that hydrogen fuel cells use to produce electricity.... Read more »

  • July 17, 2014
  • 01:04 PM
  • 92 views

A New way to Fight HIV, Using your Genome!

by Gabriel in Lunatic Laboratories

Outsmarting something as “simple” as a virus doesn’t seem like much of a challenge. If only you could set it down to take the SAT’s or something. Unfortunately in the body fighting HIV is more like guerrilla warfare, you take the big losses for a small win. This is no way to wage a war, but HIV is smart. It mutates and sidesteps anything we’ve been able to throw at it. We don’t have a cure, or a vaccine, but we do have scientists trying. New research has made a crucial jump to throwi........ Read more »

  • July 17, 2014
  • 10:41 AM
  • 82 views

Around the time of early Homo

by Aurelie in Coffee break Science

Beginning of summer, now is as good a time as any to clear some space on my desktop and finally get rid of all the Firefox tabs I keep open, firmly believing I will have time to read them, soon. … Continue reading →... Read more »

  • July 17, 2014
  • 08:12 AM
  • 14 views

Stress Impedes Wound Healing In Living Kidney Donors

by Cristy at Living Donor 101 in Living Donors Are People Too

52 living kidney donors underwent the hand-assisted laparoscopic procedure then had ultrasounds to measure wound healing.   Higher pre-operative life stress, lower optimism and lower conscientiousness were associated with delayed wound healing in living kidney donors for both outcomes. Increased emotional stability was associated with faster wound healing as demonstrated by a change in median …
Continue reading »
The post Stress Impedes Wound Healing In Living Kidney Donors appe........ Read more »

  • July 17, 2014
  • 06:42 AM
  • 95 views

Water and Ice in Hydrogen Fuel Cells Directly Imaged

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Scientists at the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI) have, for the first time, directly imaged the distribution of liquid water and ice in a hydrogen fuel cell.... Read more »

Biesdorf, J., Oberholzer, P., Bernauer, F., Kaestner, A., Vontobel, P., Lehmann, E., Schmidt, T., & Boillat, P. (2014) Dual Spectrum Neutron Radiography: Identification of Phase Transitions between Frozen and Liquid Water. Physical Review Letters, 112(24). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.248301  

  • July 17, 2014
  • 06:07 AM
  • 106 views

Profiling Risk: Predicting Alcoholism In Adolescents

by Agnese Mariotti in United Academics

It appears that certain personality traits and traumatic early life events are typically associated with binge drinking in teenage years. However, the predictive power of each type of factors by itself (personality or individual history for example) is not absolute. A new study evaluated not only one single factor, but a series of psychological, genetic, and neurological elements for their ability to determine, when combined, current and future alcohol misuse in a large group of youngsters. ... Read more »

Whelan, R., Watts, R., Orr, C., Althoff, R., Artiges, E., Banaschewski, T., Barker, G., Bokde, A., Büchel, C., Carvalho, F.... (2014) Neuropsychosocial profiles of current and future adolescent alcohol misusers. Nature. DOI: 10.1038/nature13402  

  • July 17, 2014
  • 03:59 AM
  • 61 views

How your mood changes your personality

by Christian Jarrett in BPS Research Digest

Participants scored higher on neuroticism & lower on extraversion when they were sadExcept in extreme cases of illness or trauma, we usually expect each other's personalities to remain stable through life. Indeed, central to the definition of personality is that it describes pervasive tendencies in a person's behaviour and ways of relating to the world. However, a new study highlights the reality - your personality is swayed by your current mood, especially when you're feeling down.Jan Quere........ Read more »

  • July 17, 2014
  • 02:47 AM
  • 78 views

Blood lead levels and childhood behaviour

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

"Blood lead concentrations, even at a mean concentration of 6.4 µg/dL, were associated with increased risk of behavioral problems in Chinese preschool children, including internalizing and pervasive developmental problems". That was the conclusion of the study by Jianghong Liu and colleagues [1] looking at blood lead levels in preschoolers aged 3-5 years resident in Jiangsu province in China. Some associated media accompanying this study can be viewed here including the text: "This re........ Read more »

Liu, J., Liu, X., Wang, W., McCauley, L., Pinto-Martin, J., Wang, Y., Li, L., Yan, C., & Rogan, W. (2014) Blood Lead Concentrations and Children’s Behavioral and Emotional Problems. JAMA Pediatrics. DOI: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.332  

  • July 17, 2014
  • 01:00 AM
  • 17 views

The DNA of The Price of Darkness

by Bill Sullivan in The 'Scope

Scientists have sequenced the genome of heavy metal pioneer Ozzy Osbourne. Read to find out why and what they found.... Read more »

Sankararaman, S., Mallick, S., Dannemann, M., Prüfer, K., Kelso, J., Pääbo, S., Patterson, N., & Reich, D. (2014) The genomic landscape of Neanderthal ancestry in present-day humans. Nature, 507(7492), 354-357. DOI: 10.1038/nature12961  

  • July 16, 2014
  • 08:58 PM
  • 93 views

Linear is beautiful! A simple relationship provides guidance for optimal battery design

by Jonathan Trinastic in Goodnight Earth

Computational physicists to the rescue! Researchers have found a linear relationship between key quantities in battery electrodes to aid the guidance of choosing optimal materials for performance.... Read more »

  • July 16, 2014
  • 08:17 PM
  • 129 views

The Mediterranean Diet and Cognitive Decline

by Gabriel in Lunatic Laboratories

The Mediterranean diet, it may have broad health benefits [let's face it we can't seem to escape the push for it here in the US], but a new study suggests that […]... Read more »

Koyama, A., Houston, D., Simonsick, E., Lee, J., Ayonayon, H., Shahar, D., Rosano, C., Satterfield, S., & Yaffe, K. (2014) Association Between the Mediterranean Diet and Cognitive Decline in a Biracial Population. The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences. DOI: 10.1093/gerona/glu097  

  • July 16, 2014
  • 03:40 PM
  • 102 views

Know your brain: Thalamus

by neurosci in Neuroscientifically Challenged

Where is it?











Thalamus (in red).






The thalamus is a large, symmetrical (meaning there is one in each hemisphere) structure that makes up most of the mass of the diencephalon. A large number of pathways travel through the thalamus, including all of the sensory pathways other than those devoted to olfaction (smell).What is it and what does it do?The thalamus is often described as a relay station. This is because almost all sensory informati........ Read more »

Sherman, S., & Guillery, R. (2002) The role of the thalamus in the flow of information to the cortex. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 357(1428), 1695-1708. DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2002.1161  

  • July 16, 2014
  • 03:33 PM
  • 59 views

Coronavirus nsp, ER stress, UPR, and ERAD

by thelonevirologist in Virology Tidbits

The essential step in the intracellular life cycle of many positive strand ssRNA viruses is the generation of double membrane vesicles (DMVs) that in most cases (but not all) contain the viral replication and transcription complexes (RTC) and hence serve as the replication platform. In the case of both the Nidovirales and the Flaviviridae these are formed by subverting the membrane of the ER in the absence of conventional ER and secretory pathway markers. Additionally, non-structural proteins (........ Read more »

Noack J, Bernasconi R, & Molinari M. (2014) How viruses hijack the ERAD tuning machinery. Journal of virology. PMID: 24990995  

Hagemeijer MC, Ulasli M, Vonk AM, Reggiori F, Rottier PJ, & de Haan CA. (2011) Mobility and interactions of coronavirus nonstructural protein 4. Journal of virology, 85(9), 4572-7. PMID: 21345958  

Bernasconi R, Galli C, Noack J, Bianchi S, de Haan CA, Reggiori F, & Molinari M. (2012) Role of the SEL1L:LC3-I complex as an ERAD tuning receptor in the mammalian ER. Molecular cell, 46(6), 809-19. PMID: 22633958  

Sun S, Shi G, Han X, Francisco AB, Ji Y, Mendonça N, Liu X, Locasale JW, Simpson KW, Duhamel GE.... (2014) Sel1L is indispensable for mammalian endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation, endoplasmic reticulum homeostasis, and survival. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(5). PMID: 24453213  

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