The title of this post is taken from the paper by Laura Dekkers and colleagues  (open-access) who sought to "get an estimate of ASD [autism spectrum disorder] diagnoses in children and adolescents aged between of five and fifteen at regular schools in Quito."So, the starting point: "Ecuador has more than 14 million inhabitants... of which over 1.6 million are estimated to live in the capital city of Quito." As part of the "law requiring inclusive education", the authors decided to s........ Read more »
Dekkers, L., Groot, N., Díaz Mosquera, E., Andrade Zúñiga, I., & Delfos, M. (2015) Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorders in Ecuador: A Pilot Study in Quito. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. DOI: 10.1007/s10803-015-2559-6
Attitudes towards the way we discipline children have changed dramatically over the last 60 years or so, and the use of smacking or other forms of corporal punishment – that is, using physical force to inflict deliberate pain or discomfort – is now illegal in all contexts in 46 countries.These cultural changes are in large part due to growing evidence about the harms to children and parent-child relationships that come from corporal punishment. However, despite this evidence, many countries,........ Read more »
Blinkhorn, V., Lyons, M., & Almond, L. (2015) The ultimate femme fatale? Narcissism predicts serious and aggressive sexually coercive behaviour in females. Personality and Individual Differences, 219-223. DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2015.08.001
Research has found evidence that spending time in nature provides protections against a startling range of diseases, including depression, diabetes, obesity, ADHD, cardiovascular disease, cancer, and many more. How this exposure to green space leads to better health has remained a mystery. After reviewing hundreds of studies examining nature’s effects on health, researchers believe the answer lies in nature’s ability to enhance the functioning of the body’s immune system.... Read more »
Kuo, M. (2015) How might contact with nature promote human health? Promising mechanisms and a possible central pathway. Frontiers in Psychology. DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01093
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Daniela Carnevale, PhD, Researcher Laboratory of Giuseppe Lembo, MD, PhD Dept. of Molecular Medicine “Sapienza” University of Rome & Dept. of Angiocardioneurology and Translational Medicine IRCCS Neuromed – Technology Park Località Camerelle Medical Research: What is the background … Continue reading →
The post Brain Damage From Chronic Hypertension Studied appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Studies with ........ Read more »
Daniela Carnevale, PhD. (2015) Brain Damage From Chronic Hypertension Studied. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Ahmad M. Khalil, PhD Department of Genetics School of Medicine Case Western Reserve University Cleveland, Ohio 44106-4955 Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Khalil: DNA in human cells … Continue reading →
The post RNA Can Promote Colon Cancer Progression appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Studies with Interviews and News.
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Ahmad M. Khalil, PhD. (2015) RNA Can Promote Colon Cancer Progression. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Wael A. Jaber, MD FACC, FAHA Professor of Medicine Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine Fuad Jubran Endowed Chair in Cardiovascular Medicine Heart and Vascular Institute Cleveland Clinic Cleveland, OH Medical Research: What is the background for … Continue reading →
The post Routine Nuclear Stress Testing in Asymptomatic Atrial Fibrillation Has Low Yield appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Studies with Interviews and New........ Read more »
Wael A. Jaber, MD FACC, FAHA. (2015) Routine Nuclear Stress Testing in Asymptomatic Atrial Fibrillation Has Low Yield. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Prof. Dr. Holger Lode Clinical Immunology, Pediatrics University of Greifswald, Greifswald Medical Research: What is the background for this study? Response: Neuroblastoma is a cancer in childhood with one of the highest death rates. Standard treatment is … Continue reading →
The post Changing Delivery Method Reduces Pain of Neuroblastoma Treatment appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Studies with Interviews and News.
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Prof. Dr. Holger Lode. (2015) Changing Delivery Method Reduces Pain of Neuroblastoma Treatment. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Chiara Dall’Ora MSc Nursing and Midwifery Sciences University of Southampton Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Response: There is a trend for healthcare employers to adopt longer shifts, typically … Continue reading →
The post 12 Hour Shifts May Increase Nursing Burnout appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Studies with Interviews and News.
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Chiara Dall'Ora MSc. (2015) 12 Hour Shifts May Increase Nursing Burnout. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Carmen De Miguel, PhD | Postdoctoral Scholar Section of Cardio-Renal Physiology and Medicine Department of Medicine | Division of Nephrology UAB | The University of Alabama at Birmingham Medical Research: What is the background for this study? Dr. De Miguel: It is … Continue reading →
The post Chronic Inflammation May Predict Why Black Women More Prone To Heart Disease appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Studi........ Read more »
Carmen De Miguel, PhD | Postdoctoral Scholar. (2015) Chronic Inflammation May Predict Why Black Women More Prone To Heart Disease. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
If Tinder for penguins existed, birds with the best beak spots would get swiped right. King penguins are attracted to the colors on each other's beaks, scientists have found—including colors we clueless humans can't see.
King penguins (Aptenodytes patagonicus) live near the bottom of the world and are monogamous for about a year at a time. They're a little smaller than emperor penguins, the ones you saw in March of the Penguins, and have a less arduous lifestyle. In the spring, they gath........ Read more »
Keddar, I., Altmeyer, S., Couchoux, C., Jouventin, P., & Dobson, F. (2015) Mate Choice and Colored Beak Spots of King Penguins. Ethology. DOI: 10.1111/eth.12419
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Jingyuan Fu, Ph.D. Associate professor of genetics University Medical Center Groningen Netherlands Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Jingyuan Fu: Abnormal blood lipid levels are important risk factors … Continue reading →
The post From Gut to Heart: Gut Bacteria Identified As Another Heart Disease Risk Factor appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Studies with Interviews and N........ Read more »
Jingyuan Fu, Ph.D. (2015) From Gut to Heart: Gut Bacteria Identified As Another Heart Disease Risk Factor. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
The claim that the hormone oxytocin promotes trust in humans has drawn a lot of attention. But today, a group of researchers reported that they've been unable to reproduce their own findings concerning that effect.
The new paper, in PLoS ONE, is by Anthony Lane and colleagues from Louvain in Belgium. The same team have previously published evidence supporting the link between oxytocin and trust.
Back in 2010 they reported that "oxytocin increases trust when confidential information is ... Read more »
Lane A, Mikolajczak M, Treinen E, Samson D, Corneille O, de Timary P, & Luminet O. (2015) Failed Replication of Oxytocin Effects on Trust: The Envelope Task Case. PloS ONE, 10(9). PMID: 26368396
Typically we highlight web-based tools for our Tips of the Week. But sometimes there’s a tool that has some novel visualizations that we want to note that might require a user to do a download and installation. This week’s tool is one of those–BANDAGE, a Bioinformatics Application for Navigating De novo Assembly Graphs Easily. I heard […]... Read more »
Wick, R., Schultz, M., Zobel, J., & Holt, K. (2015) Bandage: interactive visualization of genome assemblies . Bioinformatics. DOI: 10.1093/bioinformatics/btv383
We can promote animal welfare by making learning a rewarding experience.By now, many people are familiar with the idea that using aversives to train dogs can have side effects. Studies show a correlation between aversive techniques (such as hitting, pinning, leash jerks and shock) and behaviour problems like aggression (Herron et al 2009; Casey et al 2014). One study found dogs in a training class that used aversives showed signs of stress and were less likely to look at their owners than in a s........ Read more »
Casey, R., Loftus, B., Bolster, C., Richards, G., & Blackwell, E. (2014) Human directed aggression in domestic dogs (Canis familiaris): Occurrence in different contexts and risk factors. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 52-63. DOI: 10.1016/j.applanim.2013.12.003
Deldalle, S., & Gaunet, F. (2014) Effects of 2 training methods on stress-related behaviors of the dog (Canis familiaris) and on the dog–owner relationship. Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research, 9(2), 58-65. DOI: 10.1016/j.jveb.2013.11.004
Herron, M., Shofer, F., & Reisner, I. (2009) Survey of the use and outcome of confrontational and non-confrontational training methods in client-owned dogs showing undesired behaviors. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 117(1-2), 47-54. DOI: 10.1016/j.applanim.2008.12.011
McGowan, R., Rehn, T., Norling, Y., & Keeling, L. (2013) Positive affect and learning: exploring the “Eureka Effect” in dogs. Animal Cognition, 17(3), 577-587. DOI: 10.1007/s10071-013-0688-x
Rooney, N., & Cowan, S. (2011) Training methods and owner–dog interactions: Links with dog behaviour and learning ability. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 132(3-4), 169-177. DOI: 10.1016/j.applanim.2011.03.007
You have more in common with your mom than you might think. Microchimerism means that an individual has cells with two different genetic profiles; some are yours and some are your mom’s. They live in your body for more than 40 years and can affect your health. Some of your cells moved into mom too – and they may help her live longer and avoid breast cancer.... Read more »
Cirello V, Rizzo R, Crippa M, Campi I, Bortolotti D, Bolzani S, Colombo C, Vannucchi G, Maffini MA, de Liso F.... (2015) Fetal cell microchimerism: a protective role in autoimmune thyroid diseases. European journal of endocrinology / European Federation of Endocrine Societies, 173(1), 111-8. PMID: 25916393
Ye J, Vives-Pi M, & Gillespie KM. (2014) Maternal microchimerism: friend or foe in type 1 diabetes?. Chimerism, 5(2), 21-3. PMID: 25093746
Kamper-Jorgensen, M., Hjalgrim, H., Andersen, A., Gadi, V., & Tjonneland, A. (2013) Male microchimerism and survival among women. International Journal of Epidemiology, 43(1), 168-173. DOI: 10.1093/ije/dyt230
In the last post I talked about a paper on “Motivating Learners: A Primer for Engineering Teaching Assistants” by Torres-Ayala and Herman (2012). Today, I want to present a different motivation theory, also described in that paper: Attribution theory Attribution … Continue reading →... Read more »
Ana T. Torres-Ayala, & Geoffrey L. Herman. (2012) Motivating Learners: A Primer for Engineering Teaching Assistants. American Society for Engineering Education. info:/
"We find a high frequency of parkinsonism among ASD [autism spectrum disorder] individuals older than 39 years."So said the paper by Sergio Starkstein and colleagues  (open-access) and Q & A with authors who, during a "a hypothesis-generating, pilot study" with extras looked for parkinsonism motor signs in a small group of adults diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder.Parkinsonism is an umbrella term that refers to any condition that leads to a combination of symptoms n........ Read more »
It has been suggested that low carbohydrate diets lead to a greater fat loss than diets of reduced fat content. The rationale behind this claim is that insulin promotes lipid synthesis and storage in adipose tissue, therefore a reduction in dietary carbohydrate would reduce circulating insulin concentrations and discourage fat storage. However, the first law of thermodynamics clearly states that energy cannot be created or destroyed, only transformed; therefore, all calories are equal,........ Read more »
Hall KD, Bemis T, Brychta R, Chen KY, Courville A, Crayner EJ, Goodwin S, Guo J, Howard L, Knuth ND.... (2015) Calorie for Calorie, Dietary Fat Restriction Results in More Body Fat Loss than Carbohydrate Restriction in People with Obesity. Cell metabolism, 22(3), 427-36. PMID: 26278052
Take Home Message: Tendon-related issues seem to have increased inflammation, while torn tendons have significantly lower inflammation than tendon-related conditions in intact tendons.... Read more »
Dean BJ, Gettings P, Dakin SG, & Carr AJ. (2015) Are inflammatory cells increased in painful human tendinopathy? A systematic review. British Journal of Sports Medicine. PMID: 26246419
In the past, pharmacology was a rather, shall we say, murky area of study. Figuring out how to treat an ailment using a drug sometimes involved a lot of educated guessing, and oftentimes the information backing up a guess wasn't particularly solid. Let's look at a couple of examples of the historically weird logic behind drug treatments...... Read more »
Meidan VM, & Touitou E. (2001) Treatments for androgenetic alopecia and alopecia areata: Current options and future prospects. Drugs, 61(1), 53-69. PMID: 11217871
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