# Post List

• January 5, 2017
• 05:21 AM
• 250 views

# How to write a nature-style review

Nature Reviews Neuroscience is one of the foremost journals in neuroscience. What do its articles look like? How have they developed? This blog post provides answers which might guide you in writing your own reviews. Read more than you used to Reviews in Nature Reviews Neuroscience cover more and more ground. Ten years ago, 93 […]... Read more »

Vale, R. (2015) Accelerating scientific publication in biology. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 112(44), 13439-13446. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1511912112

• January 4, 2017
• 01:16 PM
• 266 views

# Silage study shows that colostrum can be used with microbiological safety in animal feed

Researchers at the Federal University of Pelotas (UFPel) in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, showed that anaerobic fermentation process colostrum (Colostrum silage) is able to inhibit the growth of non sporulated pathogenic bacteria. … Read More →... Read more »

Saalfeld, M., Pereira, D., Valente, J., Borchardt, J., Weissheimer, C., Gularte, M., & Leite, F. (2016) Effect of anaerobic bovine colostrum fermentation on bacteria growth inhibition. Ciência Rural, 46(12), 2152-2157. DOI: 10.1590/0103-8478cr20160393

• January 4, 2017
• 07:02 AM
• 259 views

# “It’s chilling” says lead author: Discrimination self-reports up  for Latinos

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

We’ve seen the reports of hate crimes skyrocketing—both in general, and specifically for Muslims. Now a new report says the self-reports of discrimination from Latinos have doubled in the past decade. The study used data from the National Latino Health Care Survey (a telephone survey of 800 Latino adults completed in 2013). The lead author […]... Read more »

• January 4, 2017
• 05:43 AM
• 300 views

# A distinctive microbial signature in kids with autism and GI issues?

"Our findings identify distinctive mucosal microbial signatures in ASD [autism spectrum disorder] children with FGID [functional gastrointestinal disorders] that correlate with cytokine and tryptophan homeostasis."So said the study results published by Ruth Ann Luna and colleagues [1] who "compared mucosa-associated microbial communities in children with ASD to previous reports characterizing stool in this population" among other things. If you are eating breakfast/lunch/dinner at........ Read more »

Luna, R., Oezguen, N., Balderas, M., Venkatachalam, A., Runge, J., Versalovic, J., Veenstra-VanderWeele, J., Anderson, G., Savidge, T., & Williams, K. (2016) Distinct microbiome-neuroimmune signatures correlate with functional abdominal pain in children with autism spectrum disorder. CMGH Cellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology. DOI: 10.1016/j.jcmgh.2016.11.008

• January 4, 2017
• 04:30 AM
• 229 views

# Debating Early Viscosupplementation

Viscosupplementation at the time of partial meniscectomy failed to provide better outcomes than surgery alone. ... Read more »

Filardo, G., Di Matteo, B., Tentoni, F., Cavicchioli, A., Di Martino, A., Lo Presti, M., Iacono, F., Kon, E., & Marcacci, M. (2016) No Effects of Early Viscosupplementation After Arthroscopic Partial Meniscectomy: A Randomized Controlled Trial. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 44(12), 3119-3125. DOI: 10.1177/0363546516660070

• January 3, 2017
• 03:43 PM
• 354 views

# What Happens to Rejected Papers?

The pain of rejection is one that every scientist has felt: but what happens to papers after they're declined by a journal?

In a new study, researchers Earnshaw et al. traced the fate of almost 1,000 manuscripts which had been submitted to and rejected by ear, nose and throat journal Clinical Otolaryngology between 2011 to 2013.

To find out if the rejected papers had eventually appeared elsewhere, Earnshaw et al. searched PubMed and Google Scholar for published papers with titles a... Read more »

Earnshaw CH, Edwin C, Bhat J, Krishnan M, Mamais C, Somashekar S, Sunil A, Williams SP, & Leong SC. (2016) An Analysis of the Fate of 917 Manuscripts Rejected from Clinical Otolaryngology. Clinical Otolaryngology. PMID: 28032954

• January 3, 2017
• 02:56 PM
• 380 views

# Provided Examples vs. Generated Examples

For learning declarative concepts in a domain and then identifying those concepts in novel real-world situations, provided examples proved to be better than student-generated examples for both long-term learning and for instructional efficiency. The second experiment in the study replicated these findings.... Read more »

• January 3, 2017
• 07:01 AM
• 251 views

# Observation of quasi-periodic solar radio bursts associated with propagating fast-mode waves by C. R. Goddard et al.*

Flaring activity on the Sun triggers waves and oscillations in the solar corona. The study of these waves and oscillations allows comparisons to magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) theory and modelling to be made, and seismological inversions based on this comparison allow local plasma parameters to be measured indirectly (e.g. De Moortel & [...]... Read more »

• January 3, 2017
• 06:28 AM
• 282 views

# Suicidality in children and young adults with 'high-functioning' autism

"Consistent with the previous findings, [the] rate of suicidality is higher in individuals with ASD [autism spectrum disorder]."That was one of the conclusions reported in the paper by Sevcan Karakoç Demirkaya and colleagues [1] (open-access) yet again touching on a most important topic when it comes to autism, particularly the part of the autism spectrum labelled as 'high-functioning'. Personally, I'm not a great fan of the 'functioning' description typically added to autism to ........ Read more »

• January 3, 2017
• 06:00 AM
• 42 views

# How Did People of Chaco Canyon Grow Their Food? Expert Says, They Didn’t

Recently, researchers have been at odds over a simple, central question in Southwestern history: How did the people of Chaco Canyon manage to grow food in such an arid environment?

• January 2, 2017
• 08:31 AM
• 203 views

# Research describes the physiology of Dimorphandra garneriana

Researchers at the Federal University of Paraíba, in Areia, Paraíba state, Brazil, described the physiology of Dimorphandra garneriana and demonstrated that this forest specie does not tolerate water stress in its initial stages of development. … Read More →... Read more »

Faccin, T., Kommers, G., Galiza, G., Pupin, R., Madureira, R., & Lemos, R. (2016) Chronic liver disease in cattle associated with ingestion of Brachiaria spp. Ciência Rural, 46(11), 2036-2042. DOI: 10.1590/0103-8478cr20160297

• January 2, 2017
• 04:30 AM
• 271 views

# How Much Do You Know About How Sunscreen Affects Thermoregulation?

Athletes need to use sunscreen when exercising outdoors; however, they need to be selective and ensure the sunscreen is not impeding effective sweating.... Read more »

Aburto-Corona, J., & Aragón-Vargas, L. (2016) Sunscreen Use and Sweat Production in Men and Women. Journal of Athletic Training, 51(9), 696-700. DOI: 10.4085/1062-6050-51.11.01

• January 2, 2017
• 04:06 AM
• 269 views

# This Month in Blastocystis Research (DEC 2016)

2016 is coming to an end, and in the last post of the year, I highlight three of the most important articles on Blastocystis published in 2016.... Read more »

Scanlan PD, Knight R, Song SJ, Ackermann G, & Cotter PD. (2016) Prevalence and genetic diversity of Blastocystis in family units living in the United States. Infection, genetics and evolution : journal of molecular epidemiology and evolutionary genetics in infectious diseases, 95-97. PMID: 27545648

Kurt Ö, Doğruman Al F, & Tanyüksel M. (2016) Eradication of Blastocystis in humans: Really necessary for all?. Parasitology international, 65(6 Pt B), 797-801. PMID: 26780545

• January 1, 2017
• 01:20 AM
• 232 views

# Antibiotic cream is NOT 100% effective in preventing Lyme disease

A topical antibiotic cream applied to tick bites did not perform any better than placebo in preventing Lyme disease, according to results of a randomized clinical trial conducted in Europe.  The study was published in Lancet Infectious Diseases.I wasn't planning to blog about the study, but I changed my mind after a reader emailed me a link to a news article reporting that the antibiotic cream was 100% effective.  The lead investigator even claimed, "None of the test subjects went on t........ Read more »

Schwameis M, Kündig T, Huber G, von Bidder L, Meinel L, Weisser R, Aberer E, Härter G, Weinke T, Jelinek T.... (2016) Topical azithromycin for the prevention of Lyme borreliosis: a randomised, placebo-controlled, phase 3 efficacy trial. The Lancet. Infectious Diseases. PMID: 28007428

• December 31, 2016
• 10:52 AM
• 446 views

# No Need To Worry About False Positives in fMRI?

Earlier this year, neuroscience was shaken by the publication in PNAS of Cluster failure: Why fMRI inferences for spatial extent have inflated false-positive rates. In this paper, Anders Eklund, Thomas E. Nichols and Hans Knutsson reported that commonly used software for analysing fMRI data produces many false-positives.

But now, Boston College neuroscientist Scott D. Slotnick has criticized Eklund et al.'s alarming conclusions in a new piece in Cognitive Neuroscience.

In my view, ... Read more »

• December 31, 2016
• 07:13 AM
• 298 views

# Population Differences in Androgens Fail to Support Differential-K Theory

A recent paper attempts to test predictions of Differential-K Theory about race differences using data on population differences in androgens.Close examination of this data shows that the predictions fail.... Read more »

Dutton, E., van der Linden, D., & Lynn, R. (2016) Population differences in androgen levels: A test of the Differential K theory. Personality and Individual Differences, 289-295. info:/

• December 30, 2016
• 06:30 PM
• 236 views

# This Month in Blastocystis Research (DEC 2016)

2016 is coming to an end, and in the last post of the year, I highlight three of the most important articles on Blastocystis published in 2016.... Read more »

Scanlan PD, Knight R, Song SJ, Ackermann G, & Cotter PD. (2016) Prevalence and genetic diversity of Blastocystis in family units living in the United States. Infection, genetics and evolution : journal of molecular epidemiology and evolutionary genetics in infectious diseases, 95-97. PMID: 27545648

Kurt Ö, Doğruman Al F, & Tanyüksel M. (2016) Eradication of Blastocystis in humans: Really necessary for all?. Parasitology international, 65(6 Pt B), 797-801. PMID: 26780545

• December 30, 2016
• 02:51 PM
• 266 views

# What is Turmeric and How to Use it to Prevent of Heart Diseases

If you are thinking of using turmeric for heart disease, first understand how it works and then know how it is supposed to be consumed. Turmeric works in numerous ways to boost heart health. It is considered a powerful antioxidant with an active ingredient known as curcumin, responsible for the antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties of turmeric.... Read more »

Govindarajan, V., & Stahl, W. (2009) Turmeric — chemistry, technology, and quality. C R C Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 12(3), 199-301. DOI: 10.1080/10408398009527278

• December 30, 2016
• 12:20 PM
• 265 views

# Yang-Mills theory paper gets published!

Exact solutions of quantum field theories are very rare and, normally, refer to toy models and pathological cases. Quite recently, I put on arxiv a pair of papers presenting exact solutions both of the Higgs sector of the Standard Model and the Yang-Mills theory made just of gluons. The former appeared a few month ago […]... Read more »

Marco Frasca. (2015) A theorem on the Higgs sector of the Standard Model. Eur. Phys. J. Plus (2016) 131: 199. arXiv: 1504.02299v3

Marco Frasca. (2015) Quantum Yang-Mills field theory. arXiv. arXiv: 1509.05292v1

Carl M. Bender, Kimball A. Milton, & Van M. Savage. (1999) Solution of Schwinger-Dyson Equations for ${\cal PT}$-Symmetric Quantum Field Theory. Phys.Rev.D62:085001,2000. arXiv: hep-th/9907045v1

• December 30, 2016
• 07:05 AM
• 242 views

# Annual review 2016

2016 has been a busy year for BHD research. With the new year approaching, this week’s blog will review the studies we’ve particularly enjoyed writing about and revisit the year’s highlights.... Read more »

Gupta, N., Sunwoo, B., & Kotloff, R. (2016) Birt-Hogg-Dubé Syndrome. Clinics in Chest Medicine, 37(3), 475-486. DOI: 10.1016/j.ccm.2016.04.010