MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Farzin Fakhry, MD PhD Candidate Depts. of Epidemiology & Radiology Erasmus MC Rotterdam, the Netherlands and Myriam Hunink MD, PhD Professor Professor of Radiology and Clinical Epidemiology Erasmus University Medical Center Rotterdam Adjunct Professor of Health Decision … Continue reading →
The post Revascularization Plus Exercise Improves PAD Symptoms More Quickly Than Exercise Alone appeared first on MedicalResearch.com.
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Farzin Fakhry, MD PhD Candidate, & Myriam Hunink MD, PhD Professor. (2015) Revascularization Plus Exercise Improves PAD Symptoms More Quickly Than Exercise Alone. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Dr. David Bluemke MD, PhD, MsB Director of Radiology and Imaging Sciences NIH Clinical Center Bethesda, MD Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Bluemke: Heart disease is the … Continue reading →
The post Men Develop Six Times As Many Scars on Their Heart As Women appeared first on MedicalResearch.com.
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Dr. David Bluemke MD, PhD, MsB. (2015) Men Develop Six Times As Many Scars on Their Heart As Women. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
Different colors and flavors of pig?
pig, micro pig, genetics, gene editing, agriculture, pets
The Chinese genomics institute BGI (Beijing Genomics Institute) has announced that tiny pigs, created through genetic-editing techniques, are now being sold as pets. The profits generated through revenue will be used to further develop research in this area.
Demand for pigs as pets has been growing, especially among the U.S public. Yong Li, director of BGI believes that in the future gene-edit........ Read more »
Li F, Li Y, Liu H, Zhang H, Liu C, Zhang X, Dou H, Yang W, & Du Y. (2014) [Production of GHR double-allelic knockout Bama pig by TALENs and handmade cloning]. Yi chuan , 36(9), 903-11. PMID: 25252308
You likely know we love a good conspiracy theorist here. For entertainment value it adds a lot to an otherwise dull story. In fact, one of our favorite blog-moments was when a conspiracy theorist left a raging comment for us regarding a post that questioned the existence of Big Foot. We’ve posted a few scales […]
Conspiracy beliefs and the relation to emotional uncertainty
Is there an effective strategy that reduces a conspiracy theorist’s intense beliefs?
Measuring........ Read more »
Brotherton R, French CC, & Pickering AD. (2013) Measuring belief in conspiracy theories: the generic conspiracist beliefs scale. Frontiers in Psychology, 279. PMID: 23734136
I read with interest the paper by Roberto Sacco and colleagues  providing some much needed clarity on the topic of head circumference and brain size in relation to autism spectrum disorder (ASD).Detailing the results of a systematic review and meta-analysis based on "27 studies defining percentages of macrocephalic patients and 44 structural brain imaging studies providing total brain volumes for patients and controls", researchers provided "conclusive effect sizes and prevalence rates f........ Read more »
Sacco R, Gabriele S, & Persico AM. (2015) Head circumference and brain size in autism spectrum disorder: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Psychiatry research. PMID: 26456415
Cornell biologists have shown that resistance to milkweed toxins is an evolutionary response to toxin sequestration as a defense mechanism and not as an adaptation to a toxic diet.... Read more »
Petschenka G, & Agrawal AA. (2015) Milkweed butterfly resistance to plant toxins is linked to sequestration, not coping with a toxic diet. Proceedings. Biological sciences / The Royal Society, 282(1818). PMID: 26538594
Energy drinks have grown in popularity for many Americans, but there is growing concern about the health risks of consuming them in large quantities. Because men are the main consumers of energy drinks, a research team lead by Dr. Ronald F. Levant, a professor of psychology at The University of Akron, set out to study a possible link between masculinity, expectations about the benefits of consuming energy drinks, how those expectations affect energy drink use, and the impact on sleep.... Read more »
Levant, R., Parent, M., McCurdy, E., & Bradstreet, T. (2015) Moderated mediation of the relationships between masculinity ideology, outcome expectations, and energy drink use. Health Psychology, 34(11), 1100-1106. DOI: 10.1037/hea0000214
I went to a cafe today to eat breakfast and get some work done. It’s important to be properly nourished to ensure maximal productivity. But I was aghast to behold the food they placed before me: First of all, this is not a sufficient amount of bacon. Secondably, this bacon is a spitting image of a first rib: […]... Read more »
Lordkipanidze D, Jashashvili T, Vekua A, Ponce de León MS, Zollikofer CP, Rightmire GP, Pontzer H, Ferring R, Oms O, Tappen M.... (2007) Postcranial evidence from early Homo from Dmanisi, Georgia. Nature, 449(7160), 305-10. PMID: 17882214
Schmid P, Churchill SE, Nalla S, Weissen E, Carlson KJ, de Ruiter DJ, & Berger LR. (2013) Mosaic morphology in the thorax of Australopithecus sediba. Science, 340(6129), 1234598. PMID: 23580537
White TD, Asfaw B, Beyene Y, Haile-Selassie Y, Lovejoy CO, Suwa G, & WoldeGabriel G. (2009) Ardipithecus ramidus and the paleobiology of early hominids. Science, 326(5949), 75-86. PMID: 19810190
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Frederic T. (Josh) Billings IV, MD, Msc Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine Vanderbilt University Medical Center Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Billings: Acute kidney … Continue reading →
The post Acute Kidney Injury Following Heart Surgery: Do Statins Help? appeared first on MedicalResearch.com.
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Frederic T. (Josh) Billings IV, MD, Msc. (2015) Acute Kidney Injury Following Heart Surgery: Do Statins Help?. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Jill Hanson, MD Children’s Mercy Hospital Kansas City MO Background from the American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology “Asthma is the most common chronic disease in children, and one of the most difficult to manage, which … Continue reading →
The post Model Predicts Children At High Risk For Asthma Related Acute Care Visits appeared first on MedicalResearch.com.
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Jill Hanson, MD. (2015) Model Predicts Children At High Risk For Asthma Related Acute Care Visits. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
By licking a wound it heals faster — this is not simply popular belief, but scientifically proven. Our saliva consists of water and mucus, among other things, and the mucus plays an important role. It stimulates white blood cells to build a good defense against invaders, according to a group of researchers at Lund University in Sweden together with colleagues from Copenhagen and Odense in Denmark.... Read more »
Mohanty, T., Sjogren, J., Kahn, F., Abu-Humaidan, A., Fisker, N., Assing, K., Morgelin, M., Bengtsson, A., Borregaard, N., & Sorensen, O. (2015) A novel mechanism for NETosis provides antimicrobial defense at the oral mucosa. Blood, 126(18), 2128-2137. DOI: 10.1182/blood-2015-04-641142
A few weeks ago we examined sexual dimorphism – characteristic differences between males and females – in my Intro to Bioanthro class. Sexual dimorphism roughly correlates with aspects of social behavior in animals, and so we compared dimorphism in our class with what is seen in other primates. For the lab, we collected our body masses, heights, […]... Read more »
Nelson E, & Shultz S. (2010) Finger length ratios (2D:4D) in anthropoids implicate reduced prenatal androgens in social bonding. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 141(3), 395-405. PMID: 19862809
Plavcan JM. (2012) Sexual size dimorphism, canine dimorphism, and male-male competition in primates: where do humans fit in?. Human Nature, 23(1), 45-67. PMID: 22388772
Think for a moment about the people in your life whom you are closest to and most familiar with---those whom you see, talk to, and maybe share intimate moments with on a regular basis. Perhaps this would be your spouse, partner, parents, siblings, or friends. Now, try to imagine waking up tomorrow and, upon seeing one of these people, being overcome with an unshakable feeling that it is not really them you are seeing. Even though you know it sounds crazy, you can't stop yourself from thinking th........ Read more »
A quick-ish post for you today, to bring the paper by Michael Maes  to your attention and illustrate how when it comes to research at least, this year (2015) seems to be truly moving forward when it comes to the topic of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) or myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME).The latest Maes paper (one of many by this author on this topic) provides some further research discussion on how progress in getting to the root cause of CFS/ME and developing suitable interventions has to some........ Read more »
Maes M. (2015) A new case definition of Neuro-Inflammatory and Oxidative Fatigue (NIOF), a neuroprogressive disorder, formerly known as chronic fatigue syndrome or Myalgic Encephalomyelitis: results of multivariate pattern recognition methods and external validation by . Neuro endocrinology letters, 36(4), 320-329. PMID: 26454487
Job applicants who are cancer survivors are less likely to receive callbacks from potential retail employers than those who did not disclose their health history, according to a recent study by Rice University and Penn State University researchers.... Read more »
Martinez, L., White, C., Shapiro, J., & Hebl, M. (2015) Selection BIAS: Stereotypes and Discrimination Related to Having a History of Cancer. Journal of Applied Psychology. DOI: 10.1037/apl0000036
Overall, both longitudinal and experimental studies indicate that procedural knowledge leads to improvements in conceptual knowledge, in addition to vice versa. The relations between the two types of knowledge are bidirectional. It is a myth that it is a "one-way street" from conceptual knowledge to procedural knowledge.... Read more »
Rittle-Johnson, B., Schneider, M., & Star, J. (2015) Not a One-Way Street: Bidirectional Relations Between Procedural and Conceptual Knowledge of Mathematics. Educational Psychology Review. DOI: 10.1007/s10648-015-9302-x
The uncanny valley is a place no one wants to be. Somewhere between machine and human, the theory goes, robots take a dive into creepiness. But roboticists aren't sure the valley really exists. Now, researchers in California say they have new evidence for this icky zone, and they can even draw a map of it.
Robotics professor Masahiro Mori first proposed the uncanny valley in 1970. The idea feels right—certainly some robots are charming and others, especially androids not quite succeeding ........ Read more »
Mathur MB, & Reichling DB. (2015) Navigating a social world with robot partners: A quantitative cartography of the Uncanny Valley. Cognition, 22-32. PMID: 26402646
When you read a book and listen to music, the brain doesn’t keep these two tasks nicely separated. In a new article just out, I show that there is a brain area which is busy with both tasks at the same time (Kunert et al., 2015). This brain area might tell us a lot about […]... Read more »
Kunert R, & Slevc LR. (2015) A Commentary on: "Neural overlap in processing music and speech". Frontiers in human neuroscience, 330. PMID: 26089792
Kunert R, Willems RM, Casasanto D, Patel AD, & Hagoort P. (2015) Music and Language Syntax Interact in Broca's Area: An fMRI Study. PloS one, 10(11). PMID: 26536026
Once upon a time there was a high school student who was struggling to write a literature essay. The student couldn’t find anything good about the writer she had to discuss; he simply looked like a depressed misogynist, unable to even properly commit suicide at the first try. There is no need to write and publish a poem called “Death Will Come and Will Have Your Eyes” just because a woman broke up with you (not that the student would blame her), right?
The student grew up, f........ Read more »
Caputo GB. (2015) Dissociation and hallucinations in dyads engaged through interpersonal gazing. Psychiatry research, 228(3), 659-63. PMID: 26112448
Goldstein MA, Kilroy MC, & Van de Voort D. (1976) Gaze as a function of conversation and degree of love. The Journal of psychology, 92(2d Half), 227-234. PMID: 1271300
In eukaryotic cells TORC1 signalling has a key role in controlling cell growth in response to nutritional status. Folliculin (FLCN) and the FNIP proteins regulate mTORC signalling via interactions with Rag family GTPases (Petit et al., 2013, Tsun et al., 2012). Recently Péli-Gulli et al. (2015) reported that the yeast orthologues of FLCN and FNIP, Lst7 and Lst4, form a heterodimer that acts as a GTPase Activating Protein (GAP) for yeast Rag family GTPase Gtr2 . Lst4-Lst7 is the first GAP ........ Read more »
Péli-Gulli MP, Sardu A, Panchaud N, Raucci S, & De Virgilio C. (2015) Amino Acids Stimulate TORC1 through Lst4-Lst7, a GTPase-Activating Protein Complex for the Rag Family GTPase Gtr2. Cell reports, 13(1), 1-7. PMID: 26387955
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