Post List

  • December 1, 2014
  • 03:05 PM
  • 102 views

A Surfeit of Salamanders: An Imagined Picture Book

by Elizabeth Preston in Inkfish

If ever there was a scientific study that deserved to be a children’s picture book, this was it. Scientists belly-crawled through the forests of the Ozarks, flipping stones and looking for slimy things that wriggled away from them. They learned that the forest is secretly packed with salamanders in unfathomable numbers, as many as 10 […]The post A Surfeit of Salamanders: An Imagined Picture Book appeared first on Inkfish.... Read more »

  • December 1, 2014
  • 12:09 PM
  • 97 views

Common Genes in Neuropsychiatric Disorders

by William Yates, M.D. in Brain Posts

Finding a specific genes linked to specific neuropsychiatric disorders has been a key research strategy.However, this strategy has not been entirely successful.One problem with this unitary approach is the diagnostic overlap and comorbidity common to neuropsychiatric disorders such as mood disorders and autism.A promising alternative strategy is to focus on genes that share risk with more than one neuropsychiatric condition.Amit Lotan from Israel along with colleagues from the Netherlands, Germa........ Read more »

  • December 1, 2014
  • 09:56 AM
  • 95 views

How to improve children’s taste for healthy food?

by Usman Paracha in SayPeople

Main Point:

Don’t worry, if your children don’t like to eat fruits and vegetables. You have only to involve them in cooking or food preparation classes to increase their taste and willingness for these things.

Published in:

Preventing Chronic Disease: Public Health Research, Practice and Policy

Study Further:

Researchers are of opinion that exposing children to healthy foods is important. They have found that sending children to cooking classes or involving them in coo........ Read more »

  • December 1, 2014
  • 08:18 AM
  • 27 views

Two Surgeons Better Than One for Living Donor Nephrectomy

by Cristy at Living Donor 101 in Living Donors Are People Too

The authors found that a fixed (permanent, not rotating) surgical team comprised of two experienced* surgeons results in shorter operative time, lower estimated blood loss and shorter length of hospital stay for the living kidney donor. The study also found that proficient assistance (ie. non-surgeon personnel in the OR) is independently associated with those positive …
Continue reading »
The post Two Surgeons Better Than One for Living Donor Nephrectomy appeared first on Living Dono........ Read more »

Özdemir-van Brunschot, D., Warlé, M., van der Jagt, M., Grutters, J., van Horne, S., Kloke, H., van der Vliet, J., Langenhuijsen, J., & d’Ancona, F. (2014) Surgical team composition has a major impact on effectiveness and costs in laparoscopic donor nephrectomy. World Journal of Urology. DOI: 10.1007/s00345-014-1428-9  

  • December 1, 2014
  • 07:02 AM
  • 61 views

The prospective moral licensing effect: “I can be bad now because I’m sure I will be good in the future!”

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

We are again honored by our inclusion in the ABA Blawg 100 list for 2014. If you value this blog, please take a moment to vote for us here in the Litigation Category. Voting closes on December 19, 2014. Doug and Rita We’ve written before about moral licensing–it’s the cognitive process we use to say “I’m […]

Related posts:
Simple Jury Persuasion: Anger + Disgust = Moral Outrage
What’s a moral issue for us these days?
Which is the more moral negotiator? The male or the f........ Read more »

  • December 1, 2014
  • 04:42 AM
  • 96 views

Cortisol and cytokines: a diagnostic tag-team for autism?

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

A quote from the paper by Chang-Jiang Yang and colleagues [1] begins today's post: "The results of ROC [receiver operating characteristic] analysis indicated the cortisol VAR, IL-6 and TNF-α were potential biomarkers in diagnosis of ASD [autism spectrum disorder]."With many thanks to Natasa for providing me with a copy of this paper, I'd like to discuss these 'joined up' findings a little further. A few pointers to begin with:Boot the grime of this world in the crotch, dearBased ........ Read more »

  • December 1, 2014
  • 02:37 AM
  • 111 views

The Evidence from DNA in the Southwest

by teofilo in Gambler's House

Having introduced the basics of archaeological use of DNA evidence, and discussed some other applications of DNA studies in archaeology, let’s take a look at the data relevant to the Southwest specifically. For modern populations in North America overall, there are some broad trends that have been identified in mitochondrial haplogroup distribution by region, as […]... Read more »

Carlyle SW, Parr RL, Hayes MG, & O'Rourke DH. (2000) Context of maternal lineages in the Greater Southwest. American journal of physical anthropology, 113(1), 85-101. PMID: 10954622  

Smith DG, Malhi RS, Eshleman J, Lorenz JG, & Kaestle FA. (1999) Distribution of mtDNA haplogroup X among Native North Americans. American journal of physical anthropology, 110(3), 271-84. PMID: 10516561  

Snow, M., Durand, K., & Smith, D. (2010) Ancestral Puebloan mtDNA in context of the greater southwest. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(7), 1635-1645. DOI: 10.1016/j.jas.2010.01.024  

  • December 1, 2014
  • 02:00 AM
  • 76 views

Is cancer really a game?

by Philip Gerlee in Evolutionary Games Group

A couple of weeks ago a post here on TheEGG, which was about evolutionary game theory (EGT) and cancer, sparked a debate on Twitter between proponents and opponents of the idea of using EGT to study cancer. Mainly due to the limitations inherent to Twitter the dialogue fizzled. Instead, here we are expanding ideas in […]... Read more »

Marusyk, A., Tabassum, D.P., Altrock, P.M., Almendro, V., Michor, F., & Polyak, K. (2014) Non-cell-autonomous driving of tumour growth supports sub-clonal heterogeneity. Nature, 514(7520), 54-8. PMID: 25079331  

  • November 30, 2014
  • 03:16 PM
  • 110 views

Population Genomics Reveal Recent Speciation and Rapid Evolutionary Adaptation in Polar Bears

by Olesya Pavlova in genome ecology evolution etc

The polar bear (Ursus maritimus) is a carnivorous species which is closely related to the brown bear (Ursus arctos) and is adapted to the severe living conditions of the High Arctic due to the great physiological changes happened during evolutionary … Continue reading →... Read more »

Liu, S., Lorenzen, E., Fumagalli, M., Li, B., Harris, K., Xiong, Z., Zhou, L., Korneliussen, T., Somel, M., Babbitt, C.... (2014) Population Genomics Reveal Recent Speciation and Rapid Evolutionary Adaptation in Polar Bears. Cell, 157(4), 785-794. DOI: 10.1016/j.cell.2014.03.054  

  • November 30, 2014
  • 01:31 PM
  • 124 views

Even more bad global warming news

by Gabriel in Lunatic Laboratories

While everyone (but seemingly the media) is on basically the same page with the fact that global warming is a human caused problem — and one we need to fix the effects of this change are still coming to light. Human-induced changes to Earth’s carbon cycle – for example, rising atmospheric carbon dioxide and ocean acidification – have been observed for decades. However, a new study showed human activities, in particular industrial and agricultural processes, have also had significant impa........ Read more »

Kim IN, Lee K, Gruber N, Karl DM, Bullister JL, Yang S, & Kim TW. (2014) Chemical oceanography. Increasing anthropogenic nitrogen in the North Pacific Ocean. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6213), 1102-6. PMID: 25430767  

  • November 30, 2014
  • 06:36 AM
  • 91 views

Graphene is the New Kevlar

by Viputheshwar Sitaraman in Draw Science

Graphene is twice as strong as kevlar, extremely light, and can absorb mach 9 impacts with atom-thick layers.... Read more »

  • November 29, 2014
  • 10:23 PM
  • 119 views

Global Warming Denial: What Does it Take? A Case Study of Climate Change Denialists

by Nick in How to Paint Your Panda

Despite the established scientific consensus on global climate change, a substantial number of people, specifically Americans, deny its effects or its taking place. Why does this form of denialism persist so feverishly? What can mitigate this gap between the scientific community and the public?... Read more »

Finucane, M., Slovic, P., Mertz, C., Flynn, J., & Satterfield, T. (2000) Gender, race, and perceived risk: The 'white male' effect. Health, Risk , 2(2), 159-172. DOI: 10.1080/713670162  

Hamilton, L., & Keim, B. (2009) Regional variation in perceptions about climate change. International Journal of Climatology, 29(15), 2348-2352. DOI: 10.1002/joc.1930  

Kahan, D., Peters, E., Wittlin, M., Slovic, P., Ouellette, L., Braman, D., & Mandel, G. (2012) The polarizing impact of science literacy and numeracy on perceived climate change risks. Nature Climate Change, 2(10), 732-735. DOI: 10.1038/nclimate1547  

  • November 29, 2014
  • 03:35 PM
  • 125 views

Vegetable oil in the fight against gastric disease

by Gabriel in Lunatic Laboratories

The bacterium Helicobacter pylori is strongly associated with gastric ulcers and cancer. Unfortunately, treating the bacteria with antibiotics is difficult and with the increase in antibiotic resistance it can be a dangerous fight to take on. Given the high rate of ulcers and stomach cancers, the need for a better treatment is becoming more apparent. New research may bring hope (and of all things) in the form of vegetable oil.
... Read more »

  • November 29, 2014
  • 09:12 AM
  • 102 views

Flavanols for brain health

by neurosci in Neuroscientifically Challenged

Some degree of memory decline as we get older is an inevitability that many of us dread. Over the years, countless potential treatments have emerged to mitigate the effects of age-related memory loss; some have been the result of legitimate research efforts, many more have not. Regardless of their origins, very few have stood the test of time.A recent addition to that list of potential memory-enhancing treatments is the intake of a class of compounds called flavanols. Flavanols are naturally-occ........ Read more »

Brickman, A., Khan, U., Provenzano, F., Yeung, L., Suzuki, W., Schroeter, H., Wall, M., Sloan, R., & Small, S. (2014) Enhancing dentate gyrus function with dietary flavanols improves cognition in older adults. Nature Neuroscience, 17(12), 1798-1803. DOI: 10.1038/nn.3850  

  • November 29, 2014
  • 03:40 AM
  • 118 views

This Month in Blastocystis Research (NOV 2014): Blasting Blastocystis Edition

by Christen Rune Stensvold in Blastocystis Parasite Blog

A few notes on deliberate and inadvertent attempts to eradicate Blastocystis.... Read more »

  • November 29, 2014
  • 03:30 AM
  • 116 views

NICE does increasing access to vitamin D supplements

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

If you happen to live in England or indeed other parts of the UK, you'll no doubt have heard about NICE - the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence - as the body charged with providing us with appropriate evidence-based guidance on all manner of treatments and technologies for all manner of different diagnoses and conditions. I've talked before on this blog about the NICE guidance in relation to the autism spectrum (see here for example).My name is Elisabeth Shaw, last survivor ........ Read more »

Lucas RM, Ponsonby AL, Dear K, Valery PC, Taylor B, van der Mei I, McMichael AJ, Pender MP, Chapman C, Coulthard A.... (2013) Vitamin D status: multifactorial contribution of environment, genes and other factors in healthy Australian adults across a latitude gradient. The Journal of steroid biochemistry and molecular biology, 300-8. PMID: 23395985  

  • November 28, 2014
  • 10:21 PM
  • 126 views

The Day After Thanksgiving

by Aurametrix team in Environmental health

Seasonal changes, holidays and shopping activities are among the environmental factors that can influence our health. What positive or negative effects can we expect on Black Friday and days right after? The Friday-after-Thanksgiving was coined "Black" by police officers because of the fact that the traffic on the day after Thanksgiving is usually heavy and crowds are large. And they were right. According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration & CDC, Thanksgiving is the most dang........ Read more »

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2001) Reducing the risk for injury while traveling for Thanksgiving holidays. MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report, 50(45), 1016-7. PMID: 11724161  

Hull HR, Radley D, Dinger MK, & Fields DA. (2006) The effect of the Thanksgiving holiday on weight gain. Nutrition journal, 29. PMID: 17118202  

Petrescu, M., & Murphy, M. (2013) Black Friday and Cyber Monday: a case study. International Journal of Electronic Marketing and Retailing, 5(3), 187. DOI: 10.1504/IJEMR.2013.052884  

  • November 28, 2014
  • 04:57 PM
  • 106 views

Fat Talk Free Zone: What is the Impact of Fat Talk on Body Dissatisfaction?

by Andrea in Science of Eating Disorders


There has been a veritable explosion of “anti-fat talk” movements in the body image and eating disorder prevention realms over the past few years. Indeed, campaigns like the Tri-Delta Sorority Fat Talk Free week have become relatively well known. Events like the “Southern Smash,” where participants literally smash scales are other iterations of this social phenomenon encouraging a more positive conversation around bodies.
I am, of course, a fan of the idea that we shouldn’t put o........ Read more »

  • November 28, 2014
  • 12:11 PM
  • 92 views

Packing on the Pounds: Let the Holiday Eating Season Begin

by Melissa Chernick in Science Storiented

Here in the U.S., yesterday was Thanksgiving. A time of family, thanks, and lots and lots of food. Be honest, how much did you eat yesterday? Me, I watched a lot of football while I ate appetizers followed by turkey with gravy, mashed potatoes, green bean casserole, cranberry sauce, and cake. Then I entered a food coma for a few hours. It was glorious.I typically approach a holiday with a journal article, but this time I am going to use the holiday as a jumping off point: Thanksgiving as the sta........ Read more »

  • November 28, 2014
  • 11:56 AM
  • 102 views

New discovery sheds light on the forming brain

by Gabriel in Lunatic Laboratories

The cerebral cortex, which controls higher processes such as perception, thought and cognition, is the most complex structure in the mammalian central nervous system. Although much is known about the intricate structure of this brain region, the processes governing its formation remain uncertain. Research has now uncovered how feedback between cells, as well as molecular factors, helps shape cortical development during mouse embryogenesis.... Read more »

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