Post List

  • October 28, 2014
  • 06:22 AM
  • 49 views

What I don’t hear can’t hurt me: insecure managers avoid input from employees

by BPS Research Digest in BPS Research Digest

Organisations do better when there are clear communication channels that allow staff to point out ways the company can improve. Similarly, teams who freely share ideas and concerns are more tight-knit and motivated. And their managers get enhanced awareness, and to share in the praise for any improvements that pay off. So encouraging employee voice should be a no-brainer, especially for any manager feeling unsure of their ability to deliver solo. Yet according to new research, these insecure man........ Read more »

  • October 28, 2014
  • 03:42 AM
  • 60 views

Zinc and depression

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

"Low dietary zinc intake is associated with a greater incidence of depression in both men and women, as shown in two prospective cohorts".At the risk of overdoing the whole 'you are what you eat' sentiment, today I'm addressing a portion of the peer-reviewed research literature linking issues with zinc availability to depression. That opening quote by the way, comes from the paper by Khanrin Phungamla Vashum and colleagues [1] who looked at self-reported dietary intake of zinc based on data........ Read more »

  • October 27, 2014
  • 10:54 PM
  • 45 views

Nature is helpful for your mind even in artificial settings

by Usman Paracha in SayPeople

Main Point:

In a study, researchers have found that sounds of nature played in the background even from a recording can help in recovery from a negative experience. In another study, it has been found that watching 3-D videos of trees can help in recovery from stress.
Published in:

Ecopsychology

Environment and Behavior
Study Further:

Everybody knows that moving in nature, listening to different natural sounds, and looking at beautiful sceneries can help in improving overall qualit........ Read more »

Benfield Jacob A.,, Taff B. Derrick,, Newman Peter,, & Smyth Joshua. (2014) Natural Sound Facilitates Mood Recovery . Ecopsychology. info:/

  • October 27, 2014
  • 04:27 PM
  • 55 views

Of Planes, Microbes and Sleep

by Bernadeta Dadonaite in The Question Gene

About the interplay between human microbiome and biological clocks... Read more »

Thaiss, C., Zeevi, D., Levy, M., Zilberman-Schapira, G., Suez, J., Tengeler, A., Abramson, L., Katz, M., Korem, T., Zmora, N.... (2014) Transkingdom Control of Microbiota Diurnal Oscillations Promotes Metabolic Homeostasis. Cell, 159(3), 514-529. DOI: 10.1016/j.cell.2014.09.048  

  • October 27, 2014
  • 03:40 PM
  • 65 views

Real Zombie-Making Parasites Among Us

by Miss Behavior in The Scorpion and the Frog

The mummified cat and the rat in the crypt of Christ Church in Dublin. Photo by Adrian Grycuk at Wikimedia Commons.The Happening, M. Night Shyamalan’s worst panned movie of all time, is a science fiction thriller about people going into a mysterious trance and committing suicide as a result of other mind-hacking species. One of the leading criticisms raised against this movie is the ridiculousness of the premise. One species can’t cause another to willingly commit suicide! …Or can they? T........ Read more »

  • October 27, 2014
  • 03:37 PM
  • 53 views

Research Shows Synapses are Always Ready to Go

by Gabriel in Lunatic Laboratories

The inner workings of the brain are quick, but really they have to be. Neurons need to be able to rapidly propagate information in their interior via electrical signals and they communicate with each other at special contact points known as the synapses. These chemical messenger substances (known as neurotransmitters) are stored in vesicles at the synapses. When a synapse becomes active, some of these vesicles fuse with the cell membrane and release their contents. To ensure that valuable time i........ Read more »

Imig, C., Min, S., Krinner, S., Arancillo, M., Rosenmund, C., Südhof, T., Rhee, J., Brose, N., & Cooper, B. (2014) The Morphological and Molecular Nature of Synaptic Vesicle Priming at Presynaptic Active Zones. Neuron, 84(2), 416-431. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuron.2014.10.009  

  • October 27, 2014
  • 03:18 PM
  • 59 views

The Risks and Benefits of Running Barefoot or in Minimalist Shoes

by Craig Payne in Running Research Junkie

The Risks and Benefits of Running Barefoot or in Minimalist Shoes... Read more »

  • October 27, 2014
  • 12:30 PM
  • 59 views

Exercise Fights Chronic Stress-Dependent Depression

by Agnese Mariotti in United Academics

It is known that physical exercise improves the symptoms of depression. Several hypotheses have been formulated to explain how this occurs, but no clear biochemical mechanism had so far been demonstrated.... Read more »

Agudelo LZ, Femenía T, Orhan F, Porsmyr-Palmertz M, Goiny M, Martinez-Redondo V, Correia JC, Izadi M, Bhat M, Schuppe-Koistinen I.... (2014) Skeletal Muscle PGC-1α1 Modulates Kynurenine Metabolism and Mediates Resilience to Stress-Induced Depression. Cell, 159(1), 33-45. PMID: 25259918  

Wrann CD, White JP, Salogiannnis J, Laznik-Bogoslavski D, Wu J, Ma D, Lin JD, Greenberg ME, & Spiegelman BM. (2013) Exercise induces hippocampal BDNF through a PGC-1α/FNDC5 pathway. Cell metabolism, 18(5), 649-59. PMID: 24120943  

  • October 27, 2014
  • 11:10 AM
  • 64 views

Brain Imaging In Alcoholic Brain Thiamine Deficiency

by William Yates, M.D. in Brain Posts

Chronic consumption of large quantities of alcohol can produce severe deficiency of thiamine (vitamin B1).This can precipitate an acute brain failure known as Wernicke's encephalopathy. Wernicke's encephalopathy is characterized by sudden onset of mental status changes, eye muscle impairment and disturbed gait or ataxia.Other illnesses can also produce this level of severe thiamine deficiency. A partial list of these non-alcoholism causes for thiamine deficiency with encephalopathy includes........ Read more »

  • October 27, 2014
  • 07:02 AM
  • 63 views

So, potential juror, how much online porn do you watch?

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

We can hear the snickers and gasps now–and likely the immediate objection from (probably) the opposing counsel or (unquestionably) the judge. But not always. So why might this be something you want to know? According to new research in the Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy, a distinguishing characteristic of narcissists is that they watch […]

Related posts:
An update on online research of potential jurors
Excuse me potential juror: Is your brain red or blue?
Excuse me, potential ........ Read more »

Kasper TE, Short MB, & Milam AC. (2014) Narcissism and Internet Pornography Use. Journal of Sex , 1-6. PMID: 24918657  

  • October 27, 2014
  • 05:40 AM
  • 51 views

Doing the "happy walk" made people's memories more positive

by BPS Research Digest in BPS Research Digest

Walking in a more happy style could help counter the negative mental processes associated with depression. That's according to psychologists in Germany and Canada who used biofeedback to influence the walking style of 47 university students on a treadmill.The students, who were kept in the dark about the true aims of the study, had their gait monitored with motion capture technology. For half of them, the more happily they walked (characterised by larger arm and body swings, and a more upright p........ Read more »

  • October 27, 2014
  • 05:18 AM
  • 54 views

Crossing borders or carrying borders?

by Li Jia in Language on the Move

Over the past few decades, an increasing number of Burmese international students have enrolled in high schools in Yunnan, a province in the Southwest of China bordering Myanmar. More and more Burmese students are crossing the border in order to … Continue reading →... Read more »

Tara J Yosso; William A Smith; Miguel Ceja; Daniel G Solórzano. (2009) Critical Race Theory, Racial Microaggressions, and Campus Racial Climate for Latina/o Undergraduates. Harvard Educational Review, 79(4). info:/

  • October 27, 2014
  • 04:37 AM
  • 57 views

Diagnosing autism late: after psychosis

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

The case report from Marly Simoncini and colleagues [1] (open-access) is the topic of today's post. Describing the case of Mr. A, a young man who attempted suicide during a psychotic episode, the paper tracks the developmental history and diagnostic evaluation of this person culminating in a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) "that had been completely overlooked".The best thing we can do is go on with our daily routineThe paper is open-access and I would encourage readers to take s........ Read more »

Simoncini, M., Miniati, M., Vanelli, F., Callari, A., Vannucchi, G., Mauri, M., & Dell’Osso, L. (2014) Lifetime Autism Spectrum Features in a Patient with a Psychotic Mixed Episode Who Attempted Suicide. Case Reports in Psychiatry, 1-4. DOI: 10.1155/2014/459524  

  • October 27, 2014
  • 12:05 AM
  • 52 views

Concussions May Make You Older but Definitely Not Wiser

by Adam B. Rosen, PhD, ATC and Catherine E. Lewis in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Measurable declines in neurocognitive function in older, clinically normal retired athletes may be explained by changes in white matter integrity in those with a previous history of concussion.... Read more »

  • October 26, 2014
  • 10:18 PM
  • 77 views

Using neuroimaging to expose the unconscious influences of priming

by neurosci in Neuroscientifically Challenged

In 1996, a group of researchers at NYU conducted an interesting experiment. First, they had NYU students work on unscrambling letters to form words. Unbeknownst to the students, they had been split up into three groups, and each group unscrambled letters that formed slightly different words. One group unscrambled words with a "rude" connotation like aggressively, bold, and interrupt. Another group unscrambled "polite" words like considerate, patiently, and respect. And the third group unscramble........ Read more »

Schacter, D., Wig, G., & Stevens, W. (2007) Reductions in cortical activity during priming. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 17(2), 171-176. DOI: 10.1016/j.conb.2007.02.001  

  • October 26, 2014
  • 03:58 PM
  • 76 views

The Cause Behind Seizures post-Vaccination

by Gabriel in Lunatic Laboratories

The anti-vaccination movement is a dangerous one. Children are falling ill (and in certain cases dying) over nothing more than fear and misinformation. The problem is science doesn’t have all the answers and it is tempting to look to someone — or in this case a group of someones– who claim to have those answers, true or not. Well science eventually gets the answers we need and now scientists have found genetic clues to explain why a small number of children have febrile seizures—brief co........ Read more »

Bjarke Feenstra et al. (2014) Common variants associated with general and MMR vaccine–related febrile seizures. Nature Genetics. info:/dx.doi.org/10.1038/ng.3129

  • October 26, 2014
  • 11:00 AM
  • 78 views

Ebola could mutate as rapidly as the flu

by EE Giorgi in CHIMERAS

© Science MagazineThe largest genomic data collected on the Ebola virus to date has been recently published in Science [1], giving unique insights on the origin and spread of the greatest Ebola outbreak so far. The Ebola virus was first discovered in 1976, when it caused 318 cases: until now, it was the largest outbreak. "The current outbreak started in February 2014 in Guinea, West Africa, and spread into Liberia in March, Sierra Leone in May, and Nigeria in late July. It is the largest known ........ Read more »

Gire SK, Goba A, Andersen KG, Sealfon RS, Park DJ, Kanneh L, Jalloh S, Momoh M, Fullah M, Dudas G.... (2014) Genomic surveillance elucidates Ebola virus origin and transmission during the 2014 outbreak. Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6202), 1369-72. PMID: 25214632  

  • October 26, 2014
  • 07:26 AM
  • 45 views

Biology and maths partner to understand life decisions

by Christele Gonneau in the Node

Starting with the one fertilized egg that we all once were, embryonic development is made of cell divisions and most importantly of cell decisions. These first life decisions are the first steps of the development of various cell types, which will further divide, decide, specialize, organize, form specialized organs and ultimately an entire very complex […]... Read more »

Bessonnard, S., De Mot, L., Gonze, D., Barriol, M., Dennis, C., Goldbeter, A., Dupont, G., & Chazaud, C. (2014) Gata6, Nanog and Erk signaling control cell fate in the inner cell mass through a tristable regulatory network. Development, 141(19), 3637-3648. DOI: 10.1242/dev.109678  

  • October 26, 2014
  • 01:44 AM
  • 72 views

Quality of the information on Kinesio Taping

by Craig Payne in Running Research Junkie

Quality of the information on Kinesio Taping... Read more »

  • October 25, 2014
  • 11:55 PM
  • 74 views

Muscle Activity Differences in Forefoot and Rearfoot Strikers

by Craig Payne in Running Research Junkie

Muscle Activity Differences in Forefoot and Rearfoot Strikers... Read more »

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