Post List

  • March 30, 2014
  • 07:05 PM
  • 87 views

Contest to Reduce Implicit Racial Bias Shows Empathy and Perspective-Taking Don't Work

by The Neurocritic in The Neurocritic

NCAA college basketball isn't the only hot competition involving a team at the University of Virginia.  UVa Psychology Professor Brian Nosek is one of three founders of Project Implicit, a collaborative nonprofit dedicated to the study of implicit social cognition — how unconscious thoughts and feelings can influence attitudes and behavior.Prof Nosek is also heavily involved in the Open Science and Replication movements. Along with graduate student Calvin Lai, he led a mult........ Read more »

Lai CK, Marini M, Lehr SA, Cerruti C, Shin JE, Joy-Gaba JA, Ho AK, Teachman BA, Wojcik SP, Koleva SP.... (2014) Reducing Implicit Racial Preferences: I. A Comparative Investigation of 17 Interventions. Journal of experimental psychology. General. PMID: 24661055  

  • March 30, 2014
  • 01:20 PM
  • 91 views

New Magnetic Materials Hold Promise for Better Generators

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Scientists from the Charles III University of Madrid (UC3M) are developing a new type of tidal energy generator that will be cheaper and more efficient. The device would replace conventional magnetic materials for new materials that are made using an alternative technology.... Read more »

Torralba, J., Hidalgo, J., & Morales, A. (2013) Powder injection moulding: processing of small parts of complex shape. International Journal of Microstructure and Materials Properties, 8(1/2), 87. DOI: 10.1504/IJMMP.2013.052648  

  • March 30, 2014
  • 11:26 AM
  • 73 views

What do one trillion different scents smell like?

by EE Giorgi in CHIMERAS

I've been really happy with the comments on my upcoming detective thriller CHIMERAS. The book will be released in two weeks, but I've already heard back from some early readers (and yes, I'm still offering free ARC's, see details here), and many have praised Track's sensitivity to smells. Apparently, it's a trait many relate to and yet you don't find so often in fiction. Most of our memories are stored as images. So, even when we write, we tend to over-emphasize visual descriptions and forget al........ Read more »

Bushdid C, Magnasco MO, Vosshall LB, & Keller A. (2014) Humans can discriminate more than 1 trillion olfactory stimuli. Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6177), 1370-2. PMID: 24653035  

Vanderhaeghen P, Schurmans S, Vassart G, & Parmentier M. (1993) Olfactory receptors are displayed on dog mature sperm cells. The Journal of cell biology, 123(6 Pt 1), 1441-52. PMID: 8253843  

  • March 30, 2014
  • 06:33 AM
  • 98 views

The right inferior frontal cortex - The brain’s cognitive brake

by Robert Seymour in NeuroFractal

Whilst go/no-go tasks and stop-tasks have given researchers a lot of information about “pure” inhibition, this is not how people typically stop themselves performing actions in real life. In the past few years a slightly more ecologically valid paradigm has emerged in which participants anticipate they might have to inhibit a response, followed by the normal Go/No-Go signal. Participant’s responses are very slightly slower on go trials if they anticipate having to stop. This ha........ Read more »

  • March 30, 2014
  • 05:57 AM
  • 76 views

The power of sound

by Janet Kwasniak in Neuro-patch

Using faked sounds, subjects experienced the illusion that their hand was becoming more like marble according to a recent paper (citation below). We should not be as surprised by this illusion as we are. We assume that our perception of the substance of our bodies is not going to change. But in this illusion it […]... Read more »

Senna, I., Maravita, A., Bolognini, N., & Parise, C. (2014) The Marble-Hand Illusion. PLoS ONE, 9(3). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0091688  

  • March 30, 2014
  • 04:58 AM
  • 58 views

Mental health consequences of childhood cancer

by Eva Alisic in Trauma Recovery

Childhood cancer is no longer the death sentence it once was and survival rates are currently around 80%. How are survivors affected by their experience and how does it impact on their family? Lifetime prevalence of cancer-related PTSD has been estimated at 20-35% in survivors.
New research challenges these estimates, drawing attention to the 'focusing illusion'... Read more »

  • March 29, 2014
  • 06:50 PM
  • 79 views

Human cancers and viruses: 50 years of Epstein Barr Virus

by thelonevirologist in Virology Tidbits

March marked the 50th anniversary of the discovery of Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) - an anniversary which the author of this blog almost missed, wouldn’t it have been for an article published Science on March 21st.... Read more »

Butel, J., & Fan, H. (2012) The diversity of human cancer viruses. Current Opinion in Virology, 2(4), 449-452. DOI: 10.1016/j.coviro.2012.07.002  

Hammerschmidt, W., & Sugden, B. (2013) Replication of Epstein-Barr Viral DNA. Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology, 5(1). DOI: 10.1101/cshperspect.a013029  

Daikoku T, Kudoh A, Fujita M, Sugaya Y, Isomura H, Shirata N, & Tsurumi T. (2005) Architecture of replication compartments formed during Epstein-Barr virus lytic replication. Journal of virology, 79(6), 3409-18. PMID: 15731235  

Tsurumi, T., Fujita, M., & Kudoh, A. (2005) Latent and lytic Epstein-Barr virus replication strategies. Reviews in Medical Virology, 15(1), 3-15. DOI: 10.1002/rmv.441  

Arnaud F, Varela M, Spencer TE, & Palmarini M. (2008) Coevolution of endogenous betaretroviruses of sheep and their host. Cellular and molecular life sciences : CMLS, 65(21), 3422-32. PMID: 18818869  

Allison AB, Kevin Keel M, Philips JE, Cartoceti AN, Munk BA, Nemeth NM, Welsh TI, Thomas JM, Crum JM, Lichtenwalner AB.... (2014) Avian oncogenesis induced by lymphoproliferative disease virus: a neglected or emerging retroviral pathogen?. Virology, 2-12. PMID: 24503062  

Fuentes-González, A., Contreras-Paredes, A., Manzo-Merino, J., & Lizano, M. (2013) The modulation of apoptosis by oncogenic viruses. Virology Journal, 10(1), 182. DOI: 10.1186/1743-422X-10-182  

  • March 29, 2014
  • 01:37 PM
  • 107 views

Supercomputers, The Human Brain and the Advent of Computational Biology

by JB Sheppard in Antisense Science

What makes a supercomputer different from a human brain, and how is this leading to a better understanding of ourselves? ... Read more »

  • March 29, 2014
  • 10:28 AM
  • 88 views

Ionic Liquid Resistance Mechanism to Advance Biofuel Production

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Researchers with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)’s Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI), a multi-institutional partnership led by Berkeley Lab, have identified the genetic origins of a microbial resistance to ionic liquids and successfully introduced this ionic liquid resistance into a strain of E. coli bacteria for the production of advanced biofuels.... Read more »

Ruegg, T., Kim, E., Simmons, B., Keasling, J., Singer, S., Soon Lee, T., & Thelen, M. (2014) An auto-inducible mechanism for ionic liquid resistance in microbial biofuel production. Nature Communications. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms4490  

  • March 29, 2014
  • 07:31 AM
  • 70 views

Climate sensitivity wrangles don’t change the big picture on emissions

by Andy Extance in Simple Climate

Modelling studies from Joeri Rogelj at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, ETH Zurich show we still need to release fewer greenhouse gases even if the world does warm more slowly in response to them than today’s best estimates suggest. ... Read more »

  • March 28, 2014
  • 08:06 PM
  • 116 views

Inflaming inflammation and psychiatry

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

The systematic review published by Mitchell & Goldstein [1] kinda says it all when it comes to our current view of the topic of inflammation and psychiatry, and in particular inflammation and neuropsychiatric conditions such as autism, schizophrenia and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): "There is preliminary evidence for elevated markers of inflammation in this population".All at sea (JMW Turner) @ Wikipedia I've talked quite a bit on this blog about how, a........ Read more »

  • March 28, 2014
  • 06:23 PM
  • 88 views

Problem solving Goldfinches

by Africa Gomez in BugBlog

I realised only recently that Goldfinch manipulation abilities are superb. They hold large seeds with one foot while manoeuvring them into position to feed, or fold stems back to hold berries or seeds securely, or hand upside down to reach the thinnest branches. Yesterday I watched a small flock feeding on the catkins of a silver birch. The closest bird to me held a catkin while feeding from it and even changed the foot it used to hold it. It happens that Goldfinch manipulation abilities ha........ Read more »

  • March 28, 2014
  • 05:57 PM
  • 96 views

Why mixing languages isn’t so bad after all

by Ray Carey in ELFA project

by Kaisa Pietikäinen You know those moments when you’re speaking English (as a lingua franca, or ELF), and all of a sudden your mind goes blank? You know the word you’re looking for, but you just can’t get it into your head. You might remember it in another language, but your brain just isn’t connecting […]... Read more »

Pietikäinen, K. (2014) ELF couples and automatic code-switching. Journal of English as a Lingua Franca, 3(1), 1-26. DOI: 10.1515/jelf-2014-0001  

  • March 28, 2014
  • 03:51 PM
  • 82 views

Manipulating the mouse penis bone, with science

by Brooke LaFlamme in Molecular Love (and other facts of life)

he girth of a mouse penis bone depends on the stiffness of the competition. That’s what Leigh Simmons and Renée Firman at the University of Western Australia found after several generations of experimental evolution in mice. Over the course of the experiment, male mice developed thicker penis bones (or bacula, if you want to be scientific about it) when females were allowed to mate with multiple males. The study was published in the January issue of the journal Evolution.... Read more »

  • March 28, 2014
  • 10:56 AM
  • 39 views

Parenthood, Trial or Tribulation? Part 2

by Psych Your Mind in Psych Your Mind

On New Year’s Day I became a parent, sparking my curiosity in the research on parenting and well-being and inspiring a four-part series on parenthood and happiness. This is the second post. Check out the first post here.Are parents happier than non-parents? Researchers have generally set about trying to answer this deceptively simple question in three ways:Are people with children happier than those without children?This is the most common approach to research on parenthood and well-being. In ........ Read more »

  • March 28, 2014
  • 10:17 AM
  • 86 views

Wellbeing is shaped by your day's little highlights, not merely its mishaps

by Alex Fradera in BPS Occupational Digest

Wellbeing research has tended to model work-life as a default state punctuated by negative events such as conflicts, mistakes, or unwelcome change. In this way, it follows the broader model of psychological health research that focuses on harmful interruption to normal functioning , a model that Martin Seligman and Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi were contesting in 2000 when they launched the Positive Psychology movement. In a new paper, Joyce Bono and colleagues further this tradition by drawing attent........ Read more »

  • March 28, 2014
  • 10:00 AM
  • 49 views

Highly unusual proteinaceous infectious agents probed by hydrogen/deuterium exchange

by Clay Clark in Biochem Blogs

  Prion proteins are implicated in a perplexing class of infectious diseases called transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs). Prion proteins are ubiquitous among mammals with roughly 90% sequence identity across species. TSEs include Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in humans and bovine spongiform encephalopathy in cattle, AKA mad cow disease.  The disease ontology involves the conversion of the cellular […]... Read more »

Smirnovas Vytautas, Baron Gerald S, Offerdahl Danielle K, Raymond Gregory J, Caughey Byron, & Surewicz Witold K. (2011) Structural organization of brain-derived mammalian prions examined by hydrogen-deuterium exchange. Nature Structural , 18(4), 504-506. DOI: 10.1038/nsmb.2035  

  • March 28, 2014
  • 09:58 AM
  • 105 views

Scientists Convince People Their Hands Are Rocks

by Elizabeth Preston in Inkfish

No matter how much of a critical thinker you consider yourself, your brain is pretty gullible. With a few minutes and a couple of props, your brain can be convinced that one of your limbs is made of rubber or invisible, or that your whole body is the size of a Barbie doll’s. All these illusions […]The post Scientists Convince People Their Hands Are Rocks appeared first on Inkfish.... Read more »

Senna, I., Maravita, A., Bolognini, N., & Parise, C. (2014) The Marble-Hand Illusion. PLoS ONE, 9(3). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0091688  

  • March 28, 2014
  • 09:57 AM
  • 28 views

Patching the Leaky Pipeline of Women in STEM

by amikulak in Daily Observations

March is designated Women’s History Month in the United States, recognizing “generations of women whose commitment to nature and the planet have proved invaluable to society.” And yet, as we […]... Read more »

  • March 28, 2014
  • 08:00 AM
  • 91 views

FLCN may act as a molecular switch

by Lizzie Perdeaux in BHD Research Blog

Chromosome translocations involving the transcription factor TFE3, leading to its overexpression, cause roughly 15% of renal cell carcinomas in patients under 45 years of age (Kuroda et al., 2012). TFE3 is constitutively activated in FLCN-null cells (Hong et al., 2010), … Continue reading →... Read more »

join us!

Do you write about peer-reviewed research in your blog? Use ResearchBlogging.org to make it easy for your readers — and others from around the world — to find your serious posts about academic research.

If you don't have a blog, you can still use our site to learn about fascinating developments in cutting-edge research from around the world.

Register Now

Research Blogging is powered by SMG Technology.

To learn more, visit seedmediagroup.com.