Post List

  • June 8, 2016
  • 04:44 AM
  • 106 views

You laugh differently with friends than you do with strangers (and listeners can tell the difference)

by BPS Research Digest in BPS Research Digest

By guest blogger Lucy FoulkesThe amount and type of laughter between two people can potentially tell us much more than that they are sharing a joke. For example, friends laugh more than strangers, and shared laughter can be an indicator of sexual interest between a couple. But as onlookers, how well can we use the sound of laughter to make these kinds of inferences? A new study in PNAS is the first to investigate this and it turns out, regardless of our culture or where we live, we are pretty go........ Read more »

Bryant, G., Fessler, D., Fusaroli, R., Clint, E., Aarøe, L., Apicella, C., Petersen, M., Bickham, S., Bolyanatz, A., Chavez, B.... (2016) Detecting affiliation in colaughter across 24 societies. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 113(17), 4682-4687. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1524993113  

  • June 8, 2016
  • 04:30 AM
  • 186 views

Osteo- Are- We Educated about OA and PTOA?

by Nicole Cattano in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Athletic trainers are familiar with osteoarthritis, but less familiar with posttraumatic osteoarthritis. This knowledge seems to come with years of experience in the field. ... Read more »

Pietrosimone BG, Blackburn JT, Golightly YM, Harkey MS, Luc BA, DeFreese JD, Padua DA, Jordan JM, & Bennell KL. (2016) Certified Athletic Trainers' Knowledge and Perceptions of Posttraumatic Osteoarthritis After Knee Injury. Journal of Athletic Training. PMID: 27145097  

  • June 8, 2016
  • 03:48 AM
  • 108 views

10,000 hours debunked again? In elite sport, amount of practice does not explain who performs best

by BPS Research Digest in BPS Research Digest

In elite sport, what distinguishes the best from the also rans? A new meta-analysis in Perspectives on Psychological Science looks at all the relevant data to see whether the most important factor is an athlete's amount of accumulated "deliberate practice" – that is, practice that's designed, through feedback and other methods, to improve performance. In fact, the new analysis shows that differences in amount of practice do not explain performance levels among elite athletes. At sub-........ Read more »

  • June 8, 2016
  • 03:08 AM
  • 176 views

Stressed medial students and Lactobacillus casei strain Shirota

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

"Our findings indicate that the daily consumption of probiotics such as LcS [Lactobacillus casei strain Shirota] preserves the diversity of the gut microbiota and may relieve stress-associated responses of abdominal dysfunction in healthy subjects exposed to stressful situations."So said the findings reported by Akito Kato-Kataoka and colleagues [1] who following the use of a "double-blind, placebo-controlled trial" method were able to potentially offer "healthy medical students undert........ Read more »

  • June 7, 2016
  • 05:40 PM
  • 253 views

Mobilizing mitochondria may be key to regenerating damaged neurons

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

Mitochondria, sure it's the powerhouse of the cell, but maybe it can be much more that. At least that's what it looks like thanks to researchers at the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke who have discovered that boosting the transport of mitochondria along neuronal axons enhances the ability of mouse nerve cells to repair themselves after injury.

... Read more »

Bing Zhou, Panpan Yu, Mei-Yao Lin, Tao Sun, Yanmin Chen, & Zu-Hang Sheng. (2016) Facilitation of axon regeneration by enhancing mitochondrial transport and rescuing energy deficits. Journal of Cell Biology. info:/10.1083/jcb.201605101

  • June 7, 2016
  • 11:21 AM
  • 206 views

EU Puts Forward Ambitious Open Access Target

by Nesru Koroso in United Academics

All publicly-funded research to be fully accessible by 2020.... Read more »

  • June 7, 2016
  • 07:24 AM
  • 210 views

Cytopathogenesis of ZIKV: IFTM and viral entry/Hofbauer cells and the placenta

by thelonevirologist in Virology Tidbits

Zika Virus (ZIKV) is an emerging member of the Flaviviridae that in the past months spread to over 30 countries in the Americas alone that has been associated with the emergence of microcephaly, a condition associated with abnormal brain development, in Brazil and elsewhere.
Recent studies confirmed the presence of ZIKV in the amniotic fluid as well in the brain and CNS of neonates, suggesting that ZIKV can infect embryonal and foetal tissue by crossing the placental barrier. In addition, ZIKV ........ Read more »

Driggers RW, Ho CY, Korhonen EM, Kuivanen S, Jääskeläinen AJ, Smura T, Rosenberg A, Hill DA, DeBiasi RL, Vezina G.... (2016) Zika Virus Infection with Prolonged Maternal Viremia and Fetal Brain Abnormalities. The New England journal of medicine, 374(22), 2142-51. PMID: 27028667  

Cugola, F., Fernandes, I., Russo, F., Freitas, B., Dias, J., Guimarães, K., Benazzato, C., Almeida, N., Pignatari, G., Romero, S.... (2016) The Brazilian Zika virus strain causes birth defects in experimental models. Nature. DOI: 10.1038/nature18296  

Savidis, G., Perreira, J., Portmann, J., Meraner, P., Guo, Z., Green, S., & Brass, A. (2016) The IFITMs Inhibit Zika Virus Replication. Cell Reports. DOI: 10.1016/j.celrep.2016.05.074  

Quicke KM, Bowen JR, Johnson EL, McDonald CE, Ma H, O'Neal JT, Rajakumar A, Wrammert J, Rimawi BH, Pulendran B.... (2016) Zika Virus Infects Human Placental Macrophages. Cell host . PMID: 27247001  

Noronha Ld, Zanluca C, Azevedo ML, Luz KG, & Santos CN. (2016) Zika virus damages the human placental barrier and presents marked fetal neurotropism. Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 111(5), 287-93. PMID: 27143490  

Garcez PP, Loiola EC, Madeiro da Costa R, Higa LM, Trindade P, Delvecchio R, Nascimento JM, Brindeiro R, Tanuri A, & Rehen SK. (2016) Zika virus impairs growth in human neurospheres and brain organoids. Science (New York, N.Y.), 352(6287), 816-8. PMID: 27064148  

Hamel R, Dejarnac O, Wichit S, Ekchariyawat P, Neyret A, Luplertlop N, Perera-Lecoin M, Surasombatpattana P, Talignani L, Thomas F.... (2015) Biology of Zika Virus Infection in Human Skin Cells. Journal of virology, 89(17), 8880-96. PMID: 26085147  

Tang H, Hammack C, Ogden SC, Wen Z, Qian X, Li Y, Yao B, Shin J, Zhang F, Lee EM.... (2016) Zika Virus Infects Human Cortical Neural Progenitors and Attenuates Their Growth. Cell stem cell, 18(5), 587-90. PMID: 26952870  

Miner JJ, Cao B, Govero J, Smith AM, Fernandez E, Cabrera OH, Garber C, Noll M, Klein RS, Noguchi KK.... (2016) Zika Virus Infection during Pregnancy in Mice Causes Placental Damage and Fetal Demise. Cell, 165(5), 1081-91. PMID: 27180225  

Bayer A, Lennemann NJ, Ouyang Y, Bramley JC, Morosky S, Marques ET Jr, Cherry S, Sadovsky Y, & Coyne CB. (2016) Type III Interferons Produced by Human Placental Trophoblasts Confer Protection against Zika Virus Infection. Cell host , 19(5), 705-12. PMID: 27066743  

Azari, H., & Reynolds, B. (2016) In Vitro Models for Neurogenesis. Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology, 8(6). DOI: 10.1101/cshperspect.a021279  

Young OM, Tang Z, Niven-Fairchild T, Tadesse S, Krikun G, Norwitz ER, Mor G, Abrahams VM, & Guller S. (2015) Toll-like receptor-mediated responses by placental Hofbauer cells (HBCs): a potential pro-inflammatory role for fetal M2 macrophages. American journal of reproductive immunology (New York, N.Y. : 1989), 73(1), 22-35. PMID: 25345551  

Xu DZ, Yan YP, Zou S, Choi BC, Wang S, Liu P, Bai G, Wang X, Shi M, & Wang X. (2001) Role of placental tissues in the intrauterine transmission of hepatitis B virus. American journal of obstetrics and gynecology, 185(4), 981-7. PMID: 11641689  

Smith S, Weston S, Kellam P, & Marsh M. (2014) IFITM proteins-cellular inhibitors of viral entry. Current opinion in virology, 71-7. PMID: 24480526  

  • June 7, 2016
  • 03:09 AM
  • 199 views

Interest in romantic relationships is high in autism

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

It's official: "the vast majority of high-functioning adults with ASD [autism spectrum disorder] are interested in romantic relationships." Yes, the scientific findings reported by Sandra Strunz and colleagues [1] have said as much.Sorry to be so sarcastic about them but coming from a place where the words 'the bleedin' obvious' are commonly used, I couldn't believe that in 2016 anyone would genuinely believe otherwise. Yes, I know the autism awareness et al message still has some........ Read more »

  • June 7, 2016
  • 01:06 AM
  • 229 views

Advil Increases Social Pain (if you're male)

by The Neurocritic in The Neurocritic

Headache, Guillaume DELEBARRE (Guigui-Lille)A recent neuroessay in the New York Times asked, Can Tylenol Help Heal a Broken Heart?What’s crazy about the pain of a broken heart is that your body perceives it as physical pain.No it does not. Do you feel heartbroken every time you stub your toe?Well... I guess the social pain = physical pain isomorphism is a one way street. Anyway, the author continued:In research published in 2010, scientists found that acetaminophen can reduce physical and neur........ Read more »

  • June 6, 2016
  • 01:52 PM
  • 216 views

The truth is out there: Scientists unlock X-Files DNA mystery

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

Scientists have unlocked a crucial part of the mystery as to how our DNA can replicate and repair itself - something which is essential for all life forms. The new research has revealed how branched DNA molecules are removed from the iconic double-helical structure -a process which scientists have been looking to unlock for over 20 years.

... Read more »

AlMalki, F., Flemming, C., Zhang, J., Feng, M., Sedelnikova, S., Ceska, T., Rafferty, J., Sayers, J., & Artymiuk, P. (2016) Direct observation of DNA threading in flap endonuclease complexes. Nature Structural . DOI: 10.1038/nsmb.3241  

  • June 6, 2016
  • 12:36 PM
  • 244 views

Love, War and Genital Shape

by Miss Behavior in The Scorpion and the Frog

The size and shape of your junk may depend on how much sex your ancestors had… that is, at least, if you are a burying beetle. Buring beetles caught in the act. Photo by Jena Johnson. Burying beetles are unusual among insects in that they provide parental care and are often monogamous. When burying beetle pairs find a small dead bird or rodent, they pluck it bald, coat it in antibacterial and antifungal body secretions, and dig a hole around it. The female lays her eggs around the carcass-ba........ Read more »

  • June 6, 2016
  • 11:50 AM
  • 200 views

Neuroscience Medicine: The Time Has Come

by William Yates, M.D. in Brain Posts

As basic and clinical sciences advance, it becomes increasing important to understand the role of multidisciplinary efforts in scientific progress. In this post, I propose rethinking and renaming the medically-related neuroscience disciplines into a new specialty called neuroscience medicine.Basic neuroscience research has evolved and emerged as a powerful discipline due to the increasing use of multidisciplinary research teams. Basic neuroscience involves collaboration of various scientifi........ Read more »

  • June 6, 2016
  • 11:30 AM
  • 213 views

The Pantanal Diaries IV: Not Ready To Leave

by Chiara Civardi in United Academics

Venture into the Brazilian swamp with Chiara and the Wildlife Conservation Society.... Read more »

Barros, E., Pashanasi, B., Constantino, R., & Lavelle, P. (2002) Effects of land-use system on the soil macrofauna in western Brazilian Amazonia. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 35(5), 338-347. DOI: 10.1007/s00374-002-0479-z  

  • June 6, 2016
  • 11:08 AM
  • 176 views

Best Laid Plans

by AG McCluskey in Zongo's Cancer Diaries

REVEALED: UK cancer scientists' pensions invested in tobacco.

....And this UK cancer scientist, for one, is Not Happy....... Read more »

AG McCluskey. (2016) Best Laid Plans. Zongo's Cancer Diaries. info:/

  • June 6, 2016
  • 10:34 AM
  • 195 views

Burning seaweed to make glass and avoid a lumpy neck

by Rosin Cerate in Rosin Cerate

Seaweed is one of those tricky biological groups, as membership isn't just about being a close relative. It typically includes plant-like organisms found among several types of algae - green, brown, and red - and depending on who you're talking to also includes masses of cyanobacteria (which are distant relatives of algae). Functionally, all seaweeds enjoy growing in salty water and use the sun to manufacture sugary meals for themselves. Their need for sun means they are found in sunlit coastal ........ Read more »

  • June 6, 2016
  • 07:02 AM
  • 111 views

Acetaminophen: Or why you have to read more than the  headlines when it comes to research

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

John Oliver recently took on mass media coverage of scientific findings on his HBO show, Last Week Tonight. The result is a searing video mocking the distortions and misinterpretations (and even flat-out lies) about research findings as presented in mass media. Since his episode aired (a link to the video is at the end of […]

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Pew Research says 15% of Ame........ Read more »

  • June 6, 2016
  • 06:04 AM
  • 108 views

How depression affects couples – in their own words

by BPS Research Digest in BPS Research Digest

Depression has been called a "we-disease" because when the dark clouds arrive, it's not just the depressed person who is affected, but all those close to them. A new study in the Journal of Social and Personal Relationship explored these spillover effects in the context of romantic couples, where one or both individuals have a diagnosis of clinical depression. The US study broke new ground by asking both partners in each couple to provide their perspective on how depression had affected their re........ Read more »

Sharabi, L., Delaney, A., & Knobloch, L. (2015) In their own words: How clinical depression affects romantic relationships. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 33(4), 421-448. DOI: 10.1177/0265407515578820  

  • June 6, 2016
  • 04:30 AM
  • 169 views

Many NCAA Clinicians Fail to Screen Mental Health

by Jane McDevitt in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Only 39% of respondents from NCAA institutions indicated that they had a written mental health screening plan. There is a wide variability between mental health screening practices among NCAA institutions.... Read more »

  • June 6, 2016
  • 03:00 AM
  • 197 views

C-reactive protein "may be a causal risk factor for schizophrenia"

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

Although the public perception of science is that researchers go around 'proving' or 'disproving' that A leads to B or X causes Y, it is still surprisingly rare to see the word 'causal' in many areas of peer-reviewed research. Aside from the fact that science generally works around the concept of 'probability' - producing data pertinent to discussions on whether something is more or less likely to be true/false - most science is not so forthright in its conclusions. Certainly science covering th........ Read more »

Inoshita M, Numata S, Tajima A, Kinoshita M, Umehara H, Nakataki M, Ikeda M, Maruyama S, Yamamori H, Kanazawa T.... (2016) A significant causal association between C-reactive protein levels and schizophrenia. Scientific reports, 26105. PMID: 27193331  

  • June 5, 2016
  • 02:03 PM
  • 180 views

Counting exosome secretion

by Gal Haimovich in Green Fluorescent Blog

Last month I wrote a post about exosome internalization by recipient cells.  One of the topics I discussed was the lack of good quantitative data in the exosomal field, and what the current data tells us about the efficiency and … Continue reading →... Read more »

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