According to one way of understanding perception, it would not be surprising if perception was completed before conscious awareness could contain the percept. Why is it important to examine this? So that experiment methods of assessing conscious awareness are valid. Gregori-Grgic, Balderi and de’Sperati look at this question (see citation below) by slowing the processes [...]... Read more »
Gregori-Grgič, R., Balderi, M., & de'Sperati, C. (2011) Delayed Perceptual Awareness in Rapid Perceptual Decisions. PLoS ONE, 6(2). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0017079
Inspired by my recent visit to the Gila Cliff Dwellings, I’ve been reading about the Mimbres Mogollon culture of southwestern New Mexico. As I noted earlier, the cliff dwellings themselves aren’t actually Mimbres, instead belonging to the Tularosa Mogollon culture more common to the north, and they postdate the “Classic” Mimbres period (ca. AD 1000 [...]... Read more »
Fewkes, J. (1916) Animal Figures on Prehistoric Pottery from Mimbres Valley, New Mexico. American Anthropologist, 18(4), 535-545. DOI: 10.1525/aa.1916.18.4.02a00080
Gilman, P., Canouts, V., & Bishop, R. (1994) The Production and Distribution of Classic Mimbres Black-on-White Pottery. American Antiquity, 59(4), 695. DOI: 10.2307/282343
Hegmon, M. (2002) Recent Issues in the Archaeology of the Mimbres Region of the North American Southwest. Journal of Archaeological Research, 10(4), 307-357. DOI: 10.1023/A:1020525926010
Hegmon, M., Nelson, M., & Ruth, S. (1998) Abandonment and Reorganization in the Mimbres Region of the American Southwest. American Anthropologist, 100(1), 148-162. DOI: 10.1525/aa.19126.96.36.199
Nelson, M., & Hegmon, M. (2001) Abandonment Is Not as It Seems: An Approach to the Relationship between Site and Regional Abandonment. American Antiquity, 66(2), 213. DOI: 10.2307/2694606
There is a nice review on the history, symptomatologies, putative etiologies, and future research investments on the study of Tourette's syndrome. ... Read more »
Felling RJ, & Singer HS. (2011) Neurobiology of tourette syndrome: current status and need for further investigation. The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 31(35), 12387-95. PMID: 21880899
A history of the menotoxin, or menstrual toxin, with broader commentary about culture and bias... Read more »
Clarke J. (1994) The meaning of menstruation in the elimination of abnormal embryos. Human reproduction (Oxford, England), 9(7), 1204-7. PMID: 7848450
Finn CA. (1996) Why do women menstruate? Historical and evolutionary review. European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology, 70(1), 3-8. PMID: 9031909
Finn CA. (1998) Menstruation: a nonadaptive consequence of uterine evolution. The Quarterly review of biology, 73(2), 163-73. PMID: 9618925
Profet M. (1993) Menstruation as a defense against pathogens transported by sperm. The Quarterly review of biology, 68(3), 335-86. PMID: 8210311
Wilcox AJ, Baird DD, & Weinberg CR. (1999) Time of implantation of the conceptus and loss of pregnancy. The New England journal of medicine, 340(23), 1796-9. PMID: 10362823
Clinging to rock piles high in the Pyrenees, the plant Borderea pyrenaica has a modest lifestyle: It grows a new shoot every summer, flowers and fruits, then sheds its aboveground growth to survive the winter as a tuber. What's remarkable is how long this life lasts for. Individual plants have been known to live 300 years or more. Scientists headed up into the mountains to find out whether these plants, in all their years of living, ever actually get old.
"Senescence" is what we usual........ Read more »
Garcia, M., Dahlgren, J., & Ehrlén, J. (2011) No evidence of senescence in a 300-year-old mountain herb. Journal of Ecology. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2745.2011.01871.x
When I was packing for the move from Chicago to Cambridge, I figured the transition would be easy for two reasons, both of which are related. First, the two cities share a temperate climate. I grew up in Wisconsin and love—absolutely love—the changing seasons. For example, I’m not merely unfazed by below zero weather, I [...]... Read more »
Ryan, R. (2005) Exploring the Effects of Environmental Experience on Attachment to Urban Natural Areas. Environment and Behavior, 37(1), 3-42. DOI: 10.1177/0013916504264147
It has been ten years since September 11th, 2001. When we remember the events of that day, we often tend to focus on how well we remember all of the seemingly-minor details (despite evidence that these memories may not be quite so accurate). What we were wearing. What we ate for breakfast. Where we were sitting while we watched the news coverage.
Our practically-obsessive focus on these memories actually indicates much more than we realize. Despite mankind’s ever-present focus on the wi........ Read more »
Baumeister, R. F., & Hastings, S. (1997) Distortions of collective memory: How groups flatter and deceive themselves. In J. W. Pennebaker, D. Paez, , 277-293. info:/
Jost, J., Pelham, B., Sheldon, O., & Ni Sullivan, B. (2003) Social inequality and the reduction of ideological dissonance on behalf of the system: evidence of enhanced system justification among the disadvantaged. European Journal of Social Psychology, 33(1), 13-36. DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.127
Earlier this year, I found myself in a tropical downpour, surrounded by a Central American jungle, and with my nose running like a faucet. I was afflicted with what my advisor had dubbed, “Black Elk Disease”, resulting in my words turning into grumbling sounds that seemed to emanate from the depths of my stomach. I tried to shake my grogginess off; I was supposed to head... Read more »
Whitfield SM, Bell KE, Philippi T, Sasa M, Bolaños F, Chaves G, Savage JM, & Donnelly MA. (2007) Amphibian and reptile declines over 35 years at La Selva, Costa Rica. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104(20), 8352-6. PMID: 17449638
Do you feel like this guy?
Sleep is one of those basic needs we can't escape. But that doesn't mean we're planning our days to make sure we get our requisite hours of sleep each night. We live in a society where we're expected to burn the candle at both ends, and even our best attempts at sleeping well can fail with early morning meetings, last minute projects, late night social gatherings, children who need night time attention, sleep problems, a snoring roommate, or those tra........ Read more »
Buysse DJ, Reynolds CF 3rd, Monk TH, Berman SR, & Kupfer DJ. (1989) The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index: a new instrument for psychiatric practice and research. Psychiatry research, 28(2), 193-213. PMID: 2748771
Between teaching, researching, and applying for jobs, I have not had as much time as I'd like to blog. That partly explains the delay in this installment of the Roman bioarchaeology carnival, but the other reason for the delay is that, well, not much has happened in the past two weeks that I'd consider particularly Roman bioarchaeological. I have, therefore, just a few offerings for this carnival...
TB or Not TB
Map of Poundbury Camp. Fig. 1, Lewis 2011.
In the first ever i........ Read more »
M.E. Lewis. (2011) Tuberculosis in the non-adults from Romano-British Poundbury Camp, Dorset, England. International Journal of Paleopathology, 1(1), 12-23. info:/10.1016/j.ijpp.2011.02.002
Catchy slogans, phrases and themes have long been the hallmark of a persuasive courtroom presentation. But new research throws a question on whether they are as effective as we would like to think. Researchers compared the effect of both logos (brands) and slogans (phrases) on subjects. They discuss past research where showing the Apple logo resulted [...]
Related posts:Simple Jury Persuasion: “You know you want to trust me!”
Simple Jury Persuasion: I’m too smart to fall for that!
Simpl........ Read more »
Laran, J., Dalton A., & Andrade, E. (2011) The curious case of behavioral backlash: Why brands produce priming effects and slogans produce reverse priming effects. . Journal of Consumer Research. info:/
Close to half of all patients coming to primary care are experiencing sleep problems, but not necessarily presenting it. Increased experienced intensity of sleep problems are associated with significant increases of both average pain intensity and risk of Major Depressive Disorder. DoloTest provide an easy way to find and evaluate this coexistence. This is the conclusion of data I am presenting today at a poster.
... Read more »
Kim Kristiansen, M.D. (2011) Sleep, Pain and Depression in Primary Care. Picture of Pain Blog. info:/hhttp://blog.dolotest.com/2011/09/09/sleep-pain-and-depression-in-primary-care/
What do patients with abdominal pain want?
Maybe even more than pain medicine, patients seem to want a CT. If that doesn't provide answers, they want another one. As if radiation will work differently or the body will change or . . . .... Read more »
Baumann BM, Chen EH, Mills AM, Glaspey L, Thompson NM, Jones MK, & Farner MC. (2011) Patient perceptions of computed tomographic imaging and their understanding of radiation risk and exposure. Annals of emergency medicine, 58(1), 1-700. PMID: 21146900
In this month’s lab profile we highlight the work of Dr Ravi Nookala, a structural biologist working in the lab of Professor Sir Tom Blundell in the Department of Biochemistry at the University of Cambridge. Dr Nookala is working on … Continue reading →... Read more »
Nookala RK, Hussain S, & Pellegrini L. (2007) Insights into Fanconi Anaemia from the structure of human FANCE. Nucleic acids research, 35(5), 1638-48. PMID: 17308347
A. baumannii does not mess around. As opportunistic pathogens go it’s pretty out there. An aerobic, gram negative, almost entirely antibiotic resistant (largely through passive mechanisms) bacterium that’s developing such a terrible reputation that it has picked up the nickname ‘Iraqibacter’, but that’s mostly because of the high proportion of A. baumannii infections in returned American troops.... Read more »
Mussi, M., Gaddy, J., Cabruja, M., Arivett, B., Viale, A., Rasia, R., & Actis, L. (2010) The Opportunistic Human Pathogen Acinetobacter baumannii Senses and Responds to Light. Journal of Bacteriology, 192(24), 6336-6345. DOI: 10.1128/JB.00917-10
Reddy, T., Chopra, T., Marchaim, D., Pogue, J., Alangaden, G., Salimnia, H., Boikov, D., Navon-Venezia, S., Akins, R., Selman, P.... (2010) Trends in Antimicrobial Resistance of Acinetobacter baumannii Isolates from a Metropolitan Detroit Health System. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 54(5), 2235-2238. DOI: 10.1128/AAC.01665-09
Dijkshoorn, L., Nemec, A., & Seifert, H. (2007) An increasing threat in hospitals: multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii. Nature Reviews Microbiology, 5(12), 939-951. DOI: 10.1038/nrmicro1789
I think I know why science does not understand the female orgasm. It is because science excels when it breaks free of context, history, human complexities and anthropology, but when a topic requires one to grasp context, history, human complexities and anthropology, then science, especially the hard sciences, can fall short. Also, the nature of the female orgasm is a comparative question, but human sexuality is highly (but not entirely) derived; It is difficult to make a sensible graph or tabl........ Read more »
Zietsch, B., & Santtila, P. (2011) Genetic analysis of orgasmic function in twins and siblings does not support the by-product theory of female orgasm. Animal Behaviour. DOI: 10.1016/j.anbehav.2011.08.002
Here’s an epigenetics first.
It turns out that intermolecular signaling in epigenetics — all that ubiquination, methylation, and so forth — doesn’t always end at DNA or histones, where those two components go on just to regulate genes (or to encourage more modification of themselves and each other). Nope, John Latham and colleagues at the University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center reported in Cell last week that there’s at least one case — in yeast &md........ Read more »
Latham, J., Chosed, R., Wang, S., & Dent, S. (2011) Chromatin Signaling to Kinetochores: Transregulation of Dam1 Methylation by Histone H2B Ubiquitination. Cell, 146(5), 709-719. DOI: 10.1016/j.cell.2011.07.025
Despite their impressive preservation, the Gila Cliff Dwellings have gotten surprisingly little attention in the archaeological literature. This is apparently because they were so thoroughly ransacked by pothunters early on that there wasn’t much left intact for archaeologists to study, and possibly also because the early establishment of Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument in 1907 [...]... Read more »
How precise does feedback need to be in order to support behaviour change? Most of us prefer exact information and are adverse to ambiguity (1), but absolute values may not be as successful for supporting behaviour change as one might … Continue reading →... Read more »
Mishra H, Mishra A, & Shiv B. (2011) In praise of vagueness: malleability of vague information as a performance booster. Psychological science, 22(6), 733-8. PMID: 21515738
One of the highlighted Konservat-Lagerstätten in my Rise of Animals post is Chengjiang (a.k.a. the Maotianshan Shales). While Burgess has the historical significance, in terms of importance and potential, Chengjiang is arguably more important (see Shu, 2008). Chengjiang fossils are not the easiest to see, although they are admittedly abundant, at 40000+ specimens so far. [...]... Read more »
Zhu, M., Babcock, L., & Steiner, M. (2005) Fossilization modes in the Chengjiang Lagerstätte (Cambrian of China): testing the roles of organic preservation and diagenetic alteration in exceptional preservation. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 220(1-2), 31-46. DOI: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2003.03.001
Steiner, M., Zhu, M., Zhao, Y., & Erdtmann, B. (2005) Lower Cambrian Burgess Shale-type fossil associations of South China. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 220(1-2), 129-152. DOI: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2003.06.001
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