A link round-up on evolutionary psychology, rape, infanticide, and other nasty stuff.... Read more »
Thornhill, R, & Thornhill, NW. (1992) The evolutionary psychology of men's coercive sexuality. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 363-421. info:/
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Note: Adult Language.
Cows are pretty harmless animals - they chew their cud, wait to get slaughtered or tipped and generally are inoffensive creatures.
Until you smell their farts.
Cow farts are one of the most toxic things on the planet, the amount of methane they produce makes the oil industry look like angels. So why is that people are flocking to their hybrid cars on the way to the steakhouse? New research is s........ Read more »
Pelletier, N., & Tyedmers, P. (2010) Forecasting potential global environmental costs of livestock production 2000-2050. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1004659107
There are three basic schools of thought on the Israel / Palestine thing.Those evil Israelis are out to destroy Palestine, and the Palestinians are just fighting back.Those evil Palestinians are out to destroy Israel, and the Israelis are just fighting back.It's a cycle of violence, where both sides are fighting back against the other.Which one you subscribe to depends mostly on where you were born. I'm not aware of many people who've changed their minds on this issue, perhaps because doing so ........ Read more »
Haushofer J, Biletzki A, & Kanwisher N. (2010) Both sides retaliate in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. PMID: 20921415
Last week blew by me in a blur. Because I was in full grant writing frenzy to get an R01 in the can by Friday, pretty much anything that wasn't totally urgent got shoved aside, at least after Wednesday. Of course, it was last Wednesday that yet another mammography study was being touted as a "landmark" study. I had just enough time to look it over briefly and decide that I really should blog about it, particularly given that it came hot on the heels of a Norwegian study less than a week before t........ Read more »
Hellquist, B., Duffy, S., Abdsaleh, S., Björneld, L., Bordás, P., Tabár, L., Viták, B., Zackrisson, S., Nyström, L., & Jonsson, H. (2010) Effectiveness of population-based service screening with mammography for women ages 40 to 49 years. Cancer. DOI: 10.1002/cncr.25650
Nutrient-based claims on food labels are shown in some research to promote calorie underestimation. This is often called the health halo effect; certain buzz words associated with what people consider healthy cause them to overgeneralize other attributes of a food, … Continue reading →... Read more »
Schuldt, Jonathon P., & Schwarz, Norbert. (2010) The “organic” path to obesity? Organic claims inﬂuence calorie judgments and exercise recommendations. Judgment and Decision Making, 5(3), 144-150. info:/
Aging gracefully is a challenge for all who are fortunate enough to be given the privilege of growing old. If there was a secret to staying strong and avoiding death as long as possible, someone would have surely discovered it by now. While the secret to successful aging might still elude researchers, new evidence suggests [...]... Read more »
Ensrud KE, Ewing SK, Cawthon PM, Fink HA, Taylor BC, Cauley JA, Dam TT, Marshall LM, Orwoll ES, Cummings SR.... (2009) A comparison of frailty indexes for the prediction of falls, disability, fractures, and mortality in older men. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 57(3), 492-8. PMID: 19245414
Cooper R, Kuh D, Cooper C, Gale CR, Lawlor DA, Matthews F, Hardy R, & the FALCon and HALCyon Study Teams. (2010) Objective measures of physical capability and subsequent health: a systematic review. Age and ageing. PMID: 20843964
Cooper R, Kuh D, Hardy R, Mortality Review Group, & FALCon and HALCyon study teams. (2010) Objectively measured physical capability levels and mortality: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ (Clinical research ed.). PMID: 20829298
Fried LP, Tangen CM, Walston J, Newman AB, Hirsch C, Gottdiener J, Seeman T, Tracy R, Kop WJ, Burke G.... (2001) Frailty in older adults: evidence for a phenotype. The journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences, 56(3). PMID: 11253156
Kuh D, Cooper R, Hardy R, Guralnik J, Richards M, & Musculoskeletal Study Team. (2009) Lifetime cognitive performance is associated with midlife physical performance in a prospective national birth cohort study. Psychosomatic medicine, 71(1), 38-48. PMID: 19124616
Kuh D, Hardy R, Butterworth S, Okell L, Richards M, Wadsworth M, Cooper C, & Sayer AA. (2006) Developmental origins of midlife physical performance: evidence from a British birth cohort. American journal of epidemiology, 164(2), 110-21. PMID: 16757569
Kuh D, Hardy R, Butterworth S, Okell L, Wadsworth M, Cooper C, & Aihie Sayer A. (2006) Developmental origins of midlife grip strength: findings from a birth cohort study. The journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences, 61(7), 702-6. PMID: 16870632
With the growing interest in bariatric surgery not only are primary care practitioners faced with an increasing number of requests for referral to surgery but they are called upon to look after an ever increasing number of patients who have undergone bariatric surgery.
This is why, in the latest issue of the Canadian Family Physician, my [...]... Read more »
I’m not finding time to give these papers a full post each, so let me pool together several in the same theme: MHC alleles and protection against pathogens. It’s generally accepted that the reason there are so many MHC alleles is related to their ability to protect against pathogens.1 The version is probably the frequency-dependent [...]... Read more »
Koehler, R., Walsh, A., Saathoff, E., Tovanabutra, S., Arroyo, M., Currier, J., Maboko, L., Hoelsher, M., Robb, M., Michael, N.... (2010) Class I HLA‐A*7401 Is Associated with Protection from HIV‐1 Acquisition and Disease Progression in Mbeya, Tanzania. The Journal of Infectious Diseases. DOI: 10.1086/656913
MacNamara, A., Rowan, A., Hilburn, S., Kadolsky, U., Fujiwara, H., Suemori, K., Yasukawa, M., Taylor, G., Bangham, C., & Asquith, B. (2010) HLA Class I Binding of HBZ Determines Outcome in HTLV-1 Infection. PLoS Pathogens, 6(9). DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1001117
Appanna, R., Ponnampalavanar, S., Lum Chai See, L., & Sekaran, S. (2010) Susceptible and Protective HLA Class 1 Alleles against Dengue Fever and Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever Patients in a Malaysian Population. PLoS ONE, 5(9). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0013029
Guivier, E., Galan, M., Male, P., Kallio, E., Voutilainen, L., Henttonen, H., Olsson, G., Lundkvist, A., Tersago, K., Augot, D.... (2010) Associations between MHC genes and Puumala virus infection in Myodes glareolus are detected in wild populations, but not from experimental infection data. Journal of General Virology, 91(10), 2507-2512. DOI: 10.1099/vir.0.021600-0
Platypuses*1 are one of Australia’s oddest creatures.
They’re furry, mainly nocturnal aquatic creatures that swim with their eyes shut paddling with their webbed front feet and steering (or braking) with their rear feet. Their homes are burrows in the river banks. While not endangered, water pollution is an issue for their survival.*2
Platypuses are monotremes, best known as [...]... Read more »
Whittington, C., Papenfuss, A., Locke, D., Mardis, E., Wilson, R., Abubucker, S., Mitreva, M., Wong, E., Hsu, A., Kuchel, P.... (2010) Novel venom gene discovery in the platypus. Genome Biology, 11(9). DOI: 10.1186/gb-2010-11-9-r95
Warren WC, Hillier LW, Marshall Graves JA, Birney E, Ponting CP, Grützner F, Belov K, Miller W, Clarke L, Chinwalla AT.... (2008) Genome analysis of the platypus reveals unique signatures of evolution. Nature, 453(7192), 175-83. PMID: 18464734
Attitudes of Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans toward gay and lesbian service members From Armed Forces & Society The U.S. Department of Defense has long held that, as a general rule, homosexuality is incompatible with military service because it interferes with the factors critical to combat effectiveness and is a perceived risk to national security. [...]... Read more »
Moradi, B., & Miller, L. (2009) Attitudes of Iraq and Afghanistan War Veterans toward Gay and Lesbian Service Members. Armed Forces , 36(3), 397-419. DOI: 10.1177/0095327X09352960
Actions make projects. Projects make career. Career gives meaning to projects and projects give meaning to actions. But how is that useful?... Read more »
Young, R. (2004) The construction of career through goal-directed action. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 64(3), 499-514. DOI: 10.1016/j.jvb.2003.12.012
Dyer, B., Pizzorno, M., Qu, K., Valach, L., Marshall, S., & Young, R. (2010) Unconscious processes in a career counselling case: an action-theoretical perspective. British Journal of Guidance , 38(3), 343-362. DOI: 10.1080/03069885.2010.482395
A study investigating the effect of musical training on memory, researchers used familiarity of a certain instrumental melody as a recollection measure to study the role of musical training on memory and recollection. By using fMRI and Voxel-based morphology assays, the differences in modes of recollection were studied among frequent listeners compared to musicians. The [...]... Read more »
Mathilde Groussard, Renaud La Joie, Géraldine Rauchs, Brigitte Landeau, Gaël Chételat, Fausto Viader, Béatrice Desgranges, Francis Eustache, & Hervé Platel. (2010) When Music and Long-Term Memory Interact: Effects of Musical Expertise on Functional and Structural Plasticity in the Hippocampus. PloS ONE. info:/10.1371
Welcome to my first Research Blogging post here at LabSpaces! I'm not sure if this is a first for LabsSpaces, or simply a first for It's a Micro World after all, but regardless ... you're here now and you may as well stay for the fun! I grabbed a paper which caught my eye, and certainly generated a fair amount of buzz in the news, probably because it highl; (read more)
Source: Thomas Joseph - Discipline: Resear........ Read more »
Cuéllar, A., & Webber, M. (2010) Wasted Food, Wasted Energy: The Embedded Energy in Food Waste in the United States. Environmental Science , 44(16), 6464-6469. DOI: 10.1021/es100310d
Consider the following:
(1) Sally hates Mary.
a. How likely is this because Sally is the kind of person who hates people?
b. How likely is this because Mary is the kind of person whom people hate?
Sally hates Mary doesn't obviously supply the relevant information, but starting with work by Roger Brown and Debora Fish in 1983, numerous studies have found that people nonetheless rate (a) as more likely than (b). In contrast, people find Sally frightens Mary more indicative of Sal........ Read more »
While this is the time of year for the Nobel prizes (arguably the highest awards in science), it is also the time of year for the Ig-Nobel prizes which, according to the website "are intended to celebrate the unusual, honor the imaginative — and spur people's interest in science, medicine, and technology." So, while the King of Sweden may be honoring Robert Edwards for his research leading to in vitro fertilization (IVF), the Ig-Nobels are honoring researchers in the Netherlands who disc........ Read more »
RIETVELD, S., & VANBEEST, I. (2007) Rollercoaster asthma: When positive emotional stress interferes with dyspnea perception☆. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 45(5), 977-987. DOI: 10.1016/j.brat.2006.07.009
A non-invasive strategy for ‘CETACEAN OBSERVATION’ (try to say that 5 times in a row):
Monitoring large populations of free-ranging whales for pathogens is extremely difficult because tissue samples are troublesome to obtain. First, you’ve got to be close enough to physically remove a chunk of flesh, and second, you’re inflicting damage on the organism as [...]... Read more »
Acevedo-Whitehouse, K., Rocha-Gosselin, A., & Gendron, D. (2010) A novel non-invasive tool for disease surveillance of free-ranging whales and its relevance to conservation programs. Animal Conservation, 13(2), 217-225. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-1795.2009.00326.x
A recent post over at Chronicles of Zostera referenced a paper that has become a monster in the world of marine ecology and shark conservation. That paper: Myers et al. (2007). It’s actually a relatively unassuming paper kind of tucked … Continue reading →... Read more »
Burgess, G., Beerkircher, L., Cailliet, G., Carlson, J., Cortés, E., Goldman, K., Grubbs, R., Musick, J., Musyl, M., & Simpfendorfer, C. (2005) Is the collapse of shark populations in the Northwest Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico real?. Fisheries, 30(10), 19-26. DOI: 10.1577/1548-8446(2005)30[19:ITCOSP]2.0.CO;2
Ferretti F, Worm B, Britten GL, Heithaus MR, & Lotze HK. (2010) Patterns and ecosystem consequences of shark declines in the ocean. Ecology letters, 13(8), 1055-71. PMID: 20528897
Myers RA, Baum JK, Shepherd TD, Powers SP, & Peterson CH. (2007) Cascading effects of the loss of apex predatory sharks from a coastal ocean. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5820), 1846-50. PMID: 17395829
One of the most common objections to Gibson's ecological approach to perception is to point to illusions such as the Ames Room as evidence of how perception can be fooled, revealing the assumptions required. Gehringer & Engel (1986) put Gibson to the test against the Ames Room, but their final conclusion (that there was still a residual error, disproving Gibson) was based on a misreading of Gibson and numerous other key problems. Runeson's (1988) rebuttal stands as a model paper for an........ Read more »
Gehringer, W., & Engel, E. (1986) Effect of ecological viewing conditions on the Ames' distorted room illusion. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 12(2), 181-185. DOI: 10.1037//0096-1522.214.171.124
Runeson, S. (1988) The distorted room illusion, equivalent configurations, and the specificity of static optic arrays. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 14(2), 295-304. DOI: 10.1037//0096-15126.96.36.1995
Creativity plays a big part in most areas of everyday life. Sternberg and Lubart (1996) define creativity as the ability to produce work that is original, useful and, generative. Psychologists usually measure creativity with the Alternative Uses (AU) task. In this particular test individuals are asked to list as many possible uses for a common [...]... Read more »
Fink A, Grabner RH, Gebauer D, Reishofer G, Koschutnig K, & Ebner F. (2010) Enhancing creativity by means of cognitive stimulation: evidence from an fMRI study. NeuroImage, 52(4), 1687-95. PMID: 20561898
I am trying to read a paper right now but there are so many mistakes in it that I am really having trouble getting at the science because I am going mad over the errors. Harikrishnan et al (2010) have written what is otherwise an important review piece about scuticociliatosis, which is a grab-bag name for the disease caused by several types of ciliated protists (single-celled organisms). Two drugs are misspelled in the abstract (gentamycin as gentamycine and amoxicilin as amoxycilil........ Read more »
Harikrishnan, R., Balasundaram, C., & Heo, M. (2010) Scuticociliatosis and its recent prophylactic measures in aquaculture with special reference to South KoreaTaxonomy, diversity and diagnosis of scuticociliatosis: Part I Control strategies of scuticociliatosis: Part II. Fish , 29(1), 15-31. DOI: 10.1016/j.fsi.2010.02.026
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