What can be better than fighting cancer by eating fruits you enjoy? Now, a new research shows that Fisetin, a dietary compound found in strawberries and kiwis, can have a beneficial effect in fighting cancer. This compound is not widely publicised as Resveratrol, however, there are already products on the market, such as Purple Longevity™ from Anti-Aging Naturals, that includes Fisetin with Resveratrol and other dietary supplements. Of course, it's easier to get dietary supplements to the mark........ Read more »
Khan N, Afaq F, Khusro FH, Adhami VM, Suh Y, & Mukhtar H. (2011) Dual inhibition of PI3K/AKT and mTOR signaling in human non-small cell lung cancer cells by a dietary flavonoid fisetin. International journal of cancer. Journal international du cancer. PMID: 21618507
REPORT OF THEGLOBAL COMMISSIONON DRUG POLICY finds drug war has failed.... Read more »
Jahangir, A. Fuentes, C. Gaviria, C. Zedillo, E.Cardoso, F. Papandreou, G. Shultz, G. Solana, J. Whitehead, J. Annan, K. Arbour, L. Cattaui, M. Llosa, M. Caspers-Merk,M. Kazatchkine,M. Volcker, P. Branson, R. Dreifuss, R. Stoltenberg, T. (2011) WAR ON DRUGS. REPORT OF THE GLOBAL COMMISSION ON DRUG POLICY, 1-22. info:/
Japanese neuroscientists have unmasked inconnections between sleep and olfactory systems in that slow wave sleep is concurrent with spike wave activity in the olfactory cortex and bulb. ... Read more »
Hiroyuki Manabe,1,2* Ikue Kusumoto-Yoshida,1,2* Mizuho Ota,1,2 and Kensaku Mori1,2. (2011) Olfactory Cortex Generates Synchronized Top-Down Inputs to the Olfactory Bulb during Slow-Wave Sleep. Journal of Neuroscience. info:/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.6578-10.2011
Earlier this week on Monday came reports from Germany that 6 people who consumed raw vegetables were killed and hundreds rendered ill . Initial investigations pointed towards consumptions of raw cucumber, lettuce and tomatoes. The fatalities were attributed to hemolytic-uremic syndrome, or HUS, from E. Coli. Since then, more people have died and the infection has spread to different parts of Europe . Cases have been reported from Sweden, Austria, Denmark, France, Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Swit........ Read more »
Kumarasamy KK, Toleman MA, Walsh TR, Bagaria J, Butt F, Balakrishnan R, Chaudhary U, Doumith M, Giske CG, Irfan S.... (2010) Emergence of a new antibiotic resistance mechanism in India, Pakistan, and the UK: a molecular, biological, and epidemiological study. The Lancet infectious diseases, 10(9), 597-602. PMID: 20705517
In 1957, we knew what DNA was. We were pretty sure that proteins were determined by sequences of DNA. But we didn’t know exactly how this happened. In other words, the genetic code was still a mystery back then. This was a particularly perplexing problem, because a very simple question could be stated with no [...]... Read more »
Brenner, S. (1957) On the Impossibility of all Overlapping Triplet Codes in Information Transfer from Nucleic Acid to Proteins. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 43(8), 687-694. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.43.8.687
As a testament to humankind's everlasting quest for knowledge and understanding of the self, a number of scientific studies in the recent times have examined the elusive relationship between the human brain and that fountainhead of human emotion and...... Read more »
Owen AD, Hayward RD, Koenig HG, Steffens DC, & Payne ME. (2011) Religious Factors and Hippocampal Atrophy in Late Life. PLoS One. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0017006
This has already been comprehensively and accurately blogged by David Colquhoun and Margaret Mccartney. The BJGP has had a makeover. The new and modern style of the journal is welcome. A tabloid approach to the presentation of research is not. Abbreviated research articles (now a maximum of two pages) are far more likely to be [...]... Read more »
Paterson, C., Taylor, R., Griffiths, P., Britten, N., Rugg, S., Bridges, J., McCallum, B., & Kite, G. (2011) Acupuncture for ‘frequent attenders’ with medically unexplained symptoms: a randomised controlled trial (CACTUS study). British Journal of General Practice, 61(587), 295-305. DOI: 10.3399/bjgp11X572689
Did you ever pause for a moment to consider the plight of the short-limbed emperor penguin as it attempts to exit the water to jump onto an ice shelf? No, I hadn’t either; but when I saw this research paper it struck me that this act is really quite a conundrum for these birds. [...]... Read more »
John Davenport, Roger Hughes, Mark Shorten, & Poul Larsen. (2011) Drag reduction by air release promotes fast ascent in jumping emperor penguins—a novel hypothesis. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 171-182. info:/doi: 10.3354/meps08868
As I have focussed my PhD research on the link between evolution and long-term economic growth, for months I have meant to blog on the core paper in this area, Natural Selection and the Origin of Economic Growth by Oded Galor and Omer Moav. I have held off writing this post pending finalisation some of [...]... Read more »
Galor, O., & Moav, O. (2002) Natural Selection and the Origin of Economic Growth. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 117(4), 1133-1191. info:/10.1162/003355302320935007
There is a sense in which we are all cultural narcissists. By this, I mean that because all of us are acculturated at a particular time and in a particular place, we have a strong tendency to view other times and places through our own cultural lens. These lenses are prismatic and what we see [...]... Read more »
Bird-David, Nurit. (1999) "Animism" Revisited: Personhood, Environment, and Relational Epistemology. Current Anthropology. DOI: 10.1086/200061
Bergman, I., Ostlund, L., Zackrisson, O., & Liedgren, L. (2008) Varro Muorra: The Landscape Significance of Sami Sacred Wooden Objects and Sacrificial Altars. Ethnohistory, 55(1), 1-28. DOI: 10.1215/00141801-2007-044
Back in December 2010, there was a press conference held by NASA to announce the discovery of a bacterium found in a high salt, high pH lake with high concentrations of arsenic that seemed to have substituted arsenic for phosphorus in the bacterium’s biomolecules. This set off a wave of response in the blogosphere regarding what Felisa Wolfe-Simon and her team did nor did not do to confirm arsenic was incorporated into DNA molecules. Controversy ranged from the ability of arsenic to form a........ Read more »
Wolfe-Simon, F., Blum, J., Kulp, T., Gordon, G., Hoeft, S., Pett-Ridge, J., Stolz, J., Webb, S., Weber, P., Davies, P.... (2011) Response to Comments on "A Bacterium That Can Grow Using Arsenic Instead of Phosphorus". Science. DOI: 10.1126/science.1202098
Felisa Wolfe-Simon (right at Lake Mono) and her laboratory have put an offer on the table that most people are refusing.... Read more »
Wolfe-Simon F, Blum JS, Kulp TR, Gordon GW, Hoeft SE, Pett-Ridge J, Stolz JF, Webb SM, Weber PK, Davies PC.... (2010) A Bacterium That Can Grow by Using Arsenic Instead of Phosphorus. Science (New York, N.Y.). PMID: 21127214
If both pulses on both feet are normal and there are no femoral bruits, there is a less than 10% chance of an ABI being abnormal in a study population with a prevalence of disease of 28%. ... Read more »
Armstrong DW, Tobin C, & Matangi MF. (2010) The accuracy of the physical examination for the detection of lower extremity peripheral arterial disease. The Canadian journal of cardiology, 26(10). PMID: 21165366
by Persuasion Strategies in Persuasive Litigator
According to soon to be released research (Nadler & McDonnell, 2012), the public and members of juries don't assign blame independent of assessed credibility. Being the party wearing the black hat isn't so much a consequence of being found to blame, it is a precursor. Blame is often a result of low opinions. This post takes a quick look at the research, and also look at what defendants can do about it if there is a risk they'll be the ones wearing the black hats in the courtroom.
... Read more »
Janice Nadler . (2012) Moral Character, Motive, and the Psychology of Blame . NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF LAW PUblic Law and Legal Theory Research Paper Series, 11(43). info:/
In the midst of unexpected turbulence on a recent flight, an ominous announcement came over the intercom: "Attention passengers, there's something wrong with the system. We're not sure what's going on..."
A wave of panic swept over me as I braced myself for an emergency landing, or worse. A moment later a clarification was made: "The entertainment system, I mean. Sorry!" I could feel the collective sigh of relief. But I couldn't shake that feeling. As happens ........ Read more »
Niemiec CP, Brown KW, Kashdan TB, Cozzolino PJ, Breen WE, Levesque-Bristol C, & Ryan RM. (2010) Being present in the face of existential threat: The role of trait mindfulness in reducing defensive responses to mortality salience. Journal of personality and social psychology, 99(2), 344-65. PMID: 20658848
Does proprioceptive input, from muscle spindles and joint receptors for example, contribute to our sense of body ownership?... Read more »
 Walsh LD, Moseley GL, Taylor JL, & Gandevia SC. (2011) Proprioceptive signals contribute to the sense of body ownership. The Journal of physiology. PMID: 21521765
Smoking and nicotine dependence increase rates for heart disease in the general population. Among those with heart disease, continued smoking increases mortality rates. Targeting smoking cessation efforts at those with heart disease (secondary prevention)is an important clinical challenge. Most of the research data related to drugs for smoking cessation come from subjects recruited from the general population. Both bupropion (Zyban)and varenicline (Chantix)are FDA-approved drugs for smokin........ Read more »
Planer, D., Lev, I., Elitzur, Y., Sharon, N., Ouzan, E., Pugatsch, T., Chasid, M., Rom, M., & Lotan, C. (2011) Bupropion for Smoking Cessation in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome. Archives of Internal Medicine. DOI: 10.1001/archinternmed.2011.72
To pee or not to pee? A new study published in Psychological Science says you may want to make important life decisions before finding that restroom. The study, conducted by a team in the Netherlands, evaluated how having a full bladder affected the ability to make decisions that required self-control. First, volunteers in the study [...]... Read more »
DeWall CN, Baumeister RF, Mead NL, & Vohs KD. (2011) How leaders self-regulate their task performance: evidence that power promotes diligence, depletion, and disdain. Journal of personality and social psychology, 100(1), 47-65. PMID: 20919772
Job V, Dweck CS, & Walton GM. (2010) Ego depletion--is it all in your head? implicit theories about willpower affect self-regulation. Psychological science : a journal of the American Psychological Society / APS, 21(11), 1686-93. PMID: 20876879
Kable JW, & Glimcher PW. (2010) An "as soon as possible" effect in human intertemporal decision making: behavioral evidence and neural mechanisms. Journal of neurophysiology, 103(5), 2513-31. PMID: 20181737
Martin LE, & Potts GF. (2009) Impulsivity in Decision-Making: An Event-Related Potential Investigation. Personality and individual differences, 46(3), 303-308. PMID: 20126284
Tuk MA, Trampe D, & Warlop L. (2011) Inhibitory spillover: increased urination urgency facilitates impulse control in unrelated domains. Psychological science : a journal of the American Psychological Society / APS, 22(5), 627-33. PMID: 21467548
Does this look like a warning?
I'm not talking about the pose; I'm talking about the colour. In many species, we associate conspicuous colour with warnings. “Don’t eat me, I’m poison!” Classic example is poison dart frogs.
We almost never talk about “warning colours” in mammals, though. Mammals tend not to have bright reds and yellows you see in invertebrates or reptiles or amphibians. But they certainly can have fur that is... noticeable.
New paper by Stankowich and colleagues t........ Read more »
Stankowich T, Caro T, & Cox M. (2011) Bold coloration and the evolution of aposematism in terrestrial carnivores. Evolution. DOI: 10.1111/j.1558-5646.2011.01334.x
I’ve recently come across the story of Chibana Shoichi, who burnt the Japanese flag in 1987 to commemorate the Okinawan victims of WWII Japanese militarism. The story is intriguing not because of the flag-burning incident but because Shoichi also keeps … Continue reading →... Read more »
Heinrich, P. (2004) Language Planning and Language Ideology in the Ryūkyū Islands. Language Policy, 153-179. DOI: 10.1023/B:LPOL.0000036192.53709.fc
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