Post List

  • August 3, 2011
  • 04:49 PM

Well that settles it: income inequality really does go hand in hand with religion

by Tom Rees in Epiphenom

Long-time readers of this blog will know that the link between inequality and religion has a particular fascination for me. In fact, the blog started while I was doing background research into a paper I wrote in 2009, on the link between income inequality and religion in countries around the world.

The idea was first put forward in rough form in an earlier book by Pippa Norris and Ronald Ingelhart. My paper took that a modest step further, by showing that income inequality really did seem to be........ Read more »

  • August 3, 2011
  • 04:44 PM

Supply Chain Risk Management in Financial Crises

by Daniel Dumke in SCRM Blog - Supply Chain Risk Management

I am still abroad right now, but nonetheless I still want to keep the German share within the articles high. So I present to you the second article from German authors in just one week. On monday I already talked about Supply Chain Risk Management in the German Automotive Industry and so the second is today on how supply chain risk management is performed during a financial crisis.... Read more »

Blome, C., & Schoenherr, T. (2011) Supply chain risk management in financial crises - A multiple case-study approach. International Journal of Production Economics. info:/

  • August 3, 2011
  • 04:10 PM

Finding the niche

by Aaron Berdanier in Biological Posteriors

The niche is an important idea in ecology that allows us to think about how organisms relate to their environment. Despite its importance, our understanding of the niche has evolved throughout history, which can lead to confusion about what a niche really is. By reflecting on the evolution of the idea, we can appreciate its importance and identify new pathways to explore in the future.... Read more »

Colwell RK, & Rangel TF. (2009) Hutchinson's duality: the once and future niche. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 19651-8. PMID: 19805163  

Elton, CS. (1927) Animal Ecology. University of Chicago Press. info:/

Pearman, P., Guisan, A., Broennimann, O., & Randin, C. (2008) Niche dynamics in space and time. Trends in Ecology , 23(3), 149-158. DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2007.11.005  

  • August 3, 2011
  • 03:48 PM

Antipsychotics - The New Valium?

by Neuroskeptic in Neuroskeptic

Antipsychotics, originally designed to control the hallucinations and delusions seen in schizophrenia, have been expanding their domain in recent years. Nowadays, they're widely used in bipolar disorder, depression, and as a new paper reveals, increasingly in anxiety disorders as well.The authors, Comer et al, looked at the NAMCS survey, which provides yearly data on the use of medications in visits to office-based doctors across the USA.Back in 1996, just 10% of visits in which an anxiety diso........ Read more »

  • August 3, 2011
  • 01:56 PM

Hunting Pathogens in Siberian Permafrost Graves

by Michelle Ziegler in Contagions

The Yakut community of Eastern Siberia has gained some attention from anthropologists because it culturally stands out from other Siberian populations. Their Turkic language, unique burial practices, and horse-breeding culture is not native to Siberia. Recent genetic analysis of 58 bodies preserved in permafrost from the last five centuries and 166 current members of the [...]... Read more »

Crubézy E, Amory S, Keyser C, Bouakaze C, Bodner M, Gibert M, Röck A, Parson W, Alexeev A, & Ludes B. (2010) Human evolution in Siberia: from frozen bodies to ancient DNA. BMC evolutionary biology, 25. PMID: 20100333  

  • August 3, 2011
  • 01:33 PM

Thirty years of infectious enthusiasm

by Vincent Racaniello in virology blog

Thirty years ago this month I did an experiment that set the course of my career, and provided an important step forward for animal virology. I showed that a cloned DNA copy of the poliovirus RNA genome is infectious in mammalian cells. When I arrived as a postdoctoral fellow in the laboratory of David Baltimore [...]... Read more »

  • August 3, 2011
  • 12:44 PM

Adversity: A path to vulnerability or resiliency? Depends on how much.

by Psych Your Mind in Psych Your Mind

Throughout my life I’ve been lucky to be friends with a diverse array of people, who have had quite varied past experiences. There are those few friends with "charmed" lives. Healthy family, happy home, found "the one" with little difficulty. There are others who have experienced major past adversity. The loss of a parent, a debilitating rejection, chronic poverty. This variability has often made me wonder about the relationship between past experiences and whether........ Read more »

  • August 3, 2011
  • 11:55 AM

Dietary choice and land use change

by Paul Spraycar in Agriculture & Land Use Forum

We’ve written before about the strong influence of dietary choice on greenhouse gas emissions. A recent study in Agricultural Systems took a look at the land use effects of different scenarios of meat consumption and livestock productivity. The study concludes that a “faster-yet-feasible” growth in livestock productivity, together with a substitution of pork and poultry for ruminant, reduces global agricultural land use about 20 percent, from 5.4 billion ha to 4.4 billion ha in........ Read more »

  • August 3, 2011
  • 11:53 AM

Indicators for bioenergy

by Paul Spraycar in Agriculture & Land Use Forum

A team of researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory provide us this month in Ecological Indicators with a set of indicators that collectively represent how bioenergy systems may affect environmental sustainability. “This suite is intended as a basis or starting point for the selection of indicator suites for particular situations, which may require a subset or expansion of this proposed indicator suite.”
The study seeks to empirically measure environmental effects rather than rel........ Read more »

McBride, A., Dale, V., Baskaran, L., Downing, M., Eaton, L., Efroymson, R., Garten, C., Kline, K., Jager, H., Mulholland, P.... (2011) Indicators to support environmental sustainability of bioenergy systems. Ecological Indicators, 11(5), 1277-1289. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2011.01.010  

  • August 3, 2011
  • 11:00 AM

Humans Aren’t The Only Ones Who Need To Avoid The Heat: How Birds Avoid Scrambled Eggs

by Jason Goldman in The Thoughtful Animal

July was the hottest month ever recorded in Washington, D.C., in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, and in Wichita Falls, Kansas, as measured by the National Weather Service. In fact, the NWS has issued an “excessive heat warning” for a huge swath of middle America extending from northwestern Illinois and central Iowa in the north to central Texas in the south. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention warn each year that people can easily become ill or even die from extreme heat: from 19........ Read more »

Monif AlRashidi, András Kosztolányi, Mohammed Shobrak, Clemens Küpper, & Tamás Székely. (2011) Parental cooperation in an extreme hot environment: natural behaviour and experimental evidence. Animal Behaviour, 235-243. info:/10.1016/j.anbehav.2011.04.019

  • August 3, 2011
  • 10:00 AM

Honey I shrunk the Kids! Daily variation in Height and Weight and it’s Implications for BMI Based Public Health Surveillance

by Travis Saunders, MSc, CEP in Obesity Panacea

Image by mhowry
Travis’ Note: Today’s post comes from PhD Student Ash Routen.  You can find out more about Ash and his work at the bottom of this post.
Consistent with the majority of developed countries, a significant proportion of children here in the UK are overweight or obese (around 30% of 10-11 year olds as of 2010). How do we know this? Well, since 2005 the UK Department of Health have been operating the ‘National Child Measurement Programme’ (NCMP) a nationwide public he........ Read more »

  • August 3, 2011
  • 09:58 AM

Innovation – should companies take bigger risks and outsource pharma R&D?

by Pieter Droppert in Biotech Strategy Blog

According to a forthcoming article published in Forbes, excerpts of which appear on Matthew Herper’s blog “The Medicine Show,” big pharma should take bigger risks and outsource R&D to smaller, innovative companies. At least that’s the philosophy of Bernard Munos, … Continue reading →... Read more »

  • August 3, 2011
  • 07:02 AM

I’m disgusted (until I wash my hands and feel purified)

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

It’s not just Pontius Pilate and Lady MacBeth, all of us feel better with clean hands. The disgust literature is everywhere these days. As it turns out, disgust is a powerful emotional motivator. Researchers recently attempted to see if being even minimally involved in activities that brought participants into contact with religious beliefs different from their own [...]

Related posts:Choosing to either disgust your jurors or tick them off
Eww! That is just disgusting! (but…very interest........ Read more »

Ritter, RS, & Preston, JL. (2011) Gross gods and icky atheism: Disgust responses to rejected religious beliefs. . Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. info:/

  • August 3, 2011
  • 05:54 AM

What’s going on with Higgs particle?

by Marco Frasca in The Gauge Connection

The aftermath of the EPS Conference is quite exciting on a side. Higgs hunting points to an unexpected direction even if some residuals of an old expectation are still there. I just want to show you the graphs of this conference from Tevatron and LHC From these it is very clear that the excluded range [...]... Read more »

Marco Frasca. (2010) Mass generation and supersymmetry. arXiv. arXiv: 1007.5275v2

  • August 3, 2011
  • 05:14 AM

Welcome to your genome

by Kevin Mitchell in Wiring the Brain

There is a common view that the human genome has two different parts – a “constant” part and a “variable” part. According to this view, the bases of DNA in the constant part are the same across all individuals. They are said to be “fixed” in the population. They are what make us all human – they differentiate us from other species. The variable part, in contrast, is made of positions in the DNA sequence that are “polymorphic” – they come in two or more different versio........ Read more »

Gravel S, Henn BM, Gutenkunst RN, Indap AR, Marth GT, Clark AG, Yu F, Gibbs RA, The 1000 Genomes Project, & Bustamante CD. (2011) Demographic history and rare allele sharing among human populations. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 108(29), 11983-11988. PMID: 21730125  

McClellan, J., & King, M. (2010) Genetic Heterogeneity in Human Disease. Cell, 141(2), 210-217. DOI: 10.1016/j.cell.2010.03.032  

  • August 3, 2011
  • 04:36 AM

Miniature lab can diagnose disease in the field

by GrrlScientist in Maniraptora

SUMMARY: In a brilliant cross-pollination of engineering, physics and biology, scientists have developed a credit-card sized device that can diagnose HIV and syphilis in the remotest parts of the world in just minutes... Read more »

Chin, C., Laksanasopin, T., Cheung, Y., Steinmiller, D., Linder, V., Parsa, H., Wang, J., Moore, H., Rouse, R., Umviligihozo, G.... (2011) Microfluidics-based diagnostics of infectious diseases in the developing world. Nature Medicine. DOI: 10.1038/nm.2408  

  • August 3, 2011
  • 04:00 AM

Miniature lab can diagnose disease in the field [video] | GrrlScientist

by GrrlScientist in GrrlScientist

In a brilliant cross-pollination of engineering, physics and biology, scientists have developed a credit-card sized device that can diagnose HIV and syphilis in the remotest parts of the world in just minutes... Read more »

Chin, C., Laksanasopin, T., Cheung, Y., Steinmiller, D., Linder, V., Parsa, H., Wang, J., Moore, H., Rouse, R., Umviligihozo, G.... (2011) Microfluidics-based diagnostics of infectious diseases in the developing world. Nature Medicine. DOI: 10.1038/nm.2408  

  • August 2, 2011
  • 08:57 PM

Antibiotics are good for more than just killing

by James Byrne in Disease Prone

As a community here @sciamblogs we decided to each cover something chemistry related on each of our individual blogs to coincide with the World Chemistry Congress taking place in Puerto Rico. This scared the bejeezus out of me as I’m a biologist, not a chemist, and I’ve never been brilliant at the textbook chemistry stuff from my undergraduate classes. Also, a wise biology teacher once told me that all chemistry is boring until it starts moving, then its biology.... Read more »

Falconer, S., Czarny, T., & Brown, E. (2011) Antibiotics as probes of biological complexity. Nature Chemical Biology, 415-423. DOI: 10.1038/nchembio.590  

  • August 2, 2011
  • 02:43 PM

How to Explain the Disaster at Tenerife

by Sam McNerney in Why We Reason

On March 27, 1977 the deadliest disaster in aviation history took place on the Spanish island of Tenerife. In the midst of take off, going approximately 160 mph, KLM flight 4805 collided with Pan Am flight 1739 half way down … Continue reading →... Read more »

JONES, E. (1967) The attribution of attitudes. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 3(1), 1-24. DOI: 10.1016/0022-1031(67)90034-0  

  • August 2, 2011
  • 02:40 PM

Evolution, sex, and spiky penises

by Brooke LaFlamme in Molecular Love (and other facts of life)

... Read more »

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