In Part II, I explained the problems with the NTDB claiming that only 49.3% of trauma patients had IV starts documented. While that is a problem, looking at the data on the rest of the "top 5 procedures" makes the documentation failure even more obvious.... Read more »
Haut ER, Kalish BT, Cotton BA, Efron DT, Haider AH, Stevens KA, Kieninger AN, Cornwell EE 3rd, & Chang DC. (2010) Prehospital Intravenous Fluid Administration is Associated With Higher Mortality in Trauma Patients: A National Trauma Data Bank Analysis. Annals of surgery. PMID: 21178760
Neisseria meningitidis is a bacteria which lives in the throats of around 30% of the human population. In most cases it causes no problems at all and just exists as a normal part of the throat microbial flora. In some patients however it can start to colonise the bloodstream and brain, leading to cases of septicemia and meningitis which are highly dangerous and can be fatal.The invasion starts with individual bacteria, which adhere to the epithelial cells that cover the inside of the throat. Th........ Read more »
Chamot-Rooke J, Mikaty G, Malosse C, Soyer M, Dumont A, Gault J, Imhaus AF, Martin P, Trellet M, Clary G.... (2011) Posttranslational modification of pili upon cell contact triggers N. meningitidis dissemination. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6018), 778-82. PMID: 21311024
A 3 year old girl is brought into the ED with an abscess to her groin. Upon examination it is fluctuant and needs incision and drainage. Next door is a 5 year old boy, who fell off his bed and has an angulated radius fracture that needs reduction.Hhhmmmm...how to manage these patients? Local anesthesia? Hematoma block? Nothing (aka brutacaine)? What about ketamine, that seems popular these days. IV? IM? With or without atropine? So many decisions!Luckily you were surfing the internet one night a........ Read more »
Green SM, Roback MG, Kennedy RM, & Krauss B. (2011) Clinical Practice Guideline for Emergency Department Ketamine Dissociative Sedation: 2011 Update. Annals of emergency medicine. PMID: 21256625
Distancing ourselves from a problem can help us reach the solution
The next time you're struggling to solve a creative problem, try solving it for someone else. According to Evan Polman and Kyle Emich, we're more capable of mental novelty when thinking on behalf of strangers than for ourselves. This is just the latest extension of research into construal level theory, an intriguing concept that suggests various aspects of psychological distance can affect our thinking style.
It's been shown, ........ Read more »
Polman E, & Emich KJ. (2011) Decisions for Others Are More Creative Than Decisions for the Self. Personality . PMID: 21317316
Blood vessel formation is one of the wonderful adaptive processes in biology. If a tissue is under-oxygenated, it sends out a cry for help and lo and behold, a new blood vessel forms. This is great if the rescued tissue was under-oxygenated because it was cut off from its normal supply by a wound. It’s [...]... Read more »
Bauer AL, Jackson TL, & Jiang Y. (2007) A cell-based model exhibiting branching and anastomosis during tumor-induced angiogenesis. Biophysical journal, 92(9), 3105-21. PMID: 17277180
Last week Lord Davis launched Women on Boards, which examines the gender imbalance at the top level in UK businesses. In 2010, women made up only 12.5% of the boards of FTSE 100 companies. The Equality and Human Rights Commission estimate that, at the current rate of change, it will take 70 years to achieve [...]... Read more »
Suicide and schizophrenia: A systematic review of rates and risk factorsFrom Journal of Psychopharmacology People with schizophrenia are known to die much earlier than expected. Up to 40% of this excess premature mortality can be attributed to suicide. This article reviews 128 studies looking at suicide and schizophrenia. Findings indicate that strong association with suicide [...]... Read more »
Hor, K., & Taylor, M. (2010) Review: Suicide and schizophrenia: a systematic review of rates and risk factors. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 24(4 Suppl), 81-90. DOI: 10.1177/1359786810385490
So, welcome back to the Genetical Book Review, where we use concepts from evolutionary biology and genetics to talk about novels. In this installment, we are going to talk about White Cat, written by Michael Frost and Holly Black. This is the first book in a series of the Curse Workers fantasy series, the second book of which is set to be published in April. Holly Black may be familiar to some readers as one of the authors of The Spiderwick Chronicles.
White Cat is, broadly speaking, the same f........ Read more »
WADDINGTON, C. (1942) Canalization of Development and the Inheritance of Acquired Characters. Nature, 150(3811), 563-565. DOI: 10.1038/150563a0
Summary There are two main drugs used to treat Graves’ Disease medically – MMI (methimazole or it’s nearly identical relative carbimazole) and PTU (propylthiouracil). As with all drugs, there are risks and side effects. As a patient, I’ve often been frustrated … Continue reading →
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If you ask anyone with a clinical background to explain bradycardia, you will get a very simple yet sufficient response: a heart rate below 60 beats per minute (bpm). However, if you ask that same person to relate it to jugular venous pressure, more often than not you can expect to receive a blank stare. Why? Simple: very few actually understand venous pressure waves. Jugular venous waveforms quantify the pressure within the venous system—which ultimately feeds into the........ Read more »
Socransky SJ, Wiss R, Robins R, Anawati A, Roy MA, & Yeung IC. (2010) Defining normal jugular venous pressure with ultrasonography. CJEM : Canadian journal of emergency medical care , 12(4), 320-4. PMID: 20650024
Deol GR, Collett N, Ashby A, & Schmidt GA. (2011) Ultrasound accurately reflects the jugular venous examination but underestimates central venous pressure. Chest, 139(1), 95-100. PMID: 20798190
How do you help a class of undergraduate students learn that obesity is a complex problem that cannot be solved with the simple message of “eat less, move more”? Previously I blogged about a class experiment I used to illustrate … Continue reading →... Read more »
Malhi, L., Karanfil, O., Merth, T., Acheson, M., Palmer, A., & Finegood, D. (2009) Places to Intervene to Make Complex Food Systems More Healthy, Green, Fair, and Affordable. Journal of Hunger , 4(3), 466-476. DOI: 10.1080/19320240903346448
This blog is and will mostly be about zoonotic diseases but I hope you will forgive me for every now and then straying off topic. Today the reason for my slight deviation from the norm is because this work is just so cool! Researchers have regrown nerves using spider silk – it sounds more like [...]... Read more »
Radtke, C., Allmeling, C., Waldmann, K., Reimers, K., Thies, K., Schenk, H., Hillmer, A., Guggenheim, M., Brandes, G., & Vogt, P. (2011) Spider Silk Constructs Enhance Axonal Regeneration and Remyelination in Long Nerve Defects in Sheep. PLoS ONE, 6(2). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0016990
…who is the fairest/funniest/raises the most for charity/has the cutest child/dog/cat/hamster/is best foodie/goes to the coolest places/the most popular of ALL? Duh! ME! (Hat tip to DNLee, who introduced me to this song. I LOVE this song.) Gonzales and Hancock. “Mirror, Mirror on my Facebook Wall: Effects of Exposure to Facebook on Self-Esteem” CYBERPSYCHOLOGY, BEHAVIOR, [...]... Read more »
Gonzales, A., & Hancock, J. (2011) Mirror, Mirror on my Facebook Wall: Effects of Exposure to Facebook on Self-Esteem. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 14(1-2), 79-83. DOI: 10.1089/cyber.2009.0411
The glasswing butterfly (Greta oto) is a strange species of butterfly occurring in the rainforests of Central America, from Mexico to Panama, and Costa Rica, and as far south as Venezuela. It's best known for its unique transparent wings. Post contains extensive information, images and videos of this magnificent animal.... Read more »
Binetti VR, Schiffman JD, Leaffer OD, Spanier JE, & Schauer CL. (2009) The natural transparency and piezoelectric response of the Greta oto butterfly wing. Integrative biology : quantitative biosciences from nano to macro, 1(4), 324-9. PMID: 20023733
by Djuke Veldhuis in Elements Science
New research shows that the tools a chimpanzee population will use is governed by the environment they live in, reports Louise Ogden.
Related posts:Tricks of the trade: chimpanzees and their tools
... Read more »
Koops, K., McGrew, W., & Matsuzawa, T. (2009) Do chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) use cleavers and anvils to fracture Treculia africana fruits? Preliminary data on a new form of percussive technology. Primates, 51(2), 175-178. DOI: 10.1007/s10329-009-0178-6
Parks are often preservationists’ first line of defense against sprawl. To many, they’re a win-win arrangement—less rambling development and more open space. But the same qualities that make them attractive to planners—higher property values, more recreational opportunities, and pleasing aesthetics—also draws new residents, undermining their sprawl-fighting virtues. Greater London and the San Francisco Bay Area [...]... Read more »
Wu, J. (2003) The influence of public open space on urban spatial structure. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 46(2), 288-309. DOI: 10.1016/S0095-0696(03)00023-8
This post originally appeared on the Scientific American guest blog on Friday, February 25th.
As a mom to three young primates, I spend a lot of time thinking about the large role that biology plays in my life. After all, nothing could be more important (biologicaly speaking) than birthing and raising these offspring. It’s [...]... Read more »
Dirks W, Humphrey LT, Dean MC, & Jeffries TE. (2010) The relationship of accentuated lines in enamel to weaning stress in juvenile baboons (Papio hamadryas anubis). Folia primatologica; international journal of primatology, 81(4), 207-23. PMID: 21124031
Hoffman, C., Higham, J., Mas-Rivera, A., Ayala, J., & Maestripieri, D. (2010) Terminal investment and senescence in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) on Cayo Santiago. Behavioral Ecology, 21(5), 972-978. DOI: 10.1093/beheco/arq098
When wolves and livestock, or pets, come into conflict with each other, people’s tolerance for wolves on the landscape tends to decrease. Part of the problem is the economic loss to the livestock producer, so some predator conservation organizations offer compensation payments for wolf-killed livestock as a tool to increase tolerance for wolves. Additional reasons [...]... Read more »
Skogen, K., & Krange, O. (2003) A Wolf at the Gate: The Anti-Carnivore Alliance and the Symbolic Construction of Community. Sociologia Ruralis, 43(3), 309-325. DOI: 10.1111/1467-9523.00247
by Moselio Schaechter in Small Things Considered
The practice of agriculture is not limited to humans: ants, termites, and snails all grow fungi, and who knows who else do something similar. But not many have claimed that such activities are to be found among simpler organisms. Now we have a report that slime molds have also gone down the road to agriculture. Dictyostelium discoideum, the best studied of the cellular slime molds, is a social amoeba that thrives by grazing on bacteria. Given ample bacterial food, these organisms grow as single ........ Read more »
by Jack Serle in Elements Science
The wobbling global economy has given research grants a thump. Jack Serle looks at the ramifications this hit to funding will have for British and Irish scientists.
Related posts:CERN and Fermilab celebrate women in science on International Women΄s Day
First-ever study on sex hormone-hunger link
... Read more »
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