One of my shortish-term goals at Tet Zoo has been to complete the series on gekkotan lizards I started in April 2010 (see below for links to previous parts). We continue with that series here, and this time round we're going to look at what should definitely be regarded as the weirdest of gekkotans: the near-limbless pygopodids, pygopods or flap-footed lizards, all of which inhabit Australia and New Guinea (and at least some of the surrounding islands). Because there's a lot to say about them,........ Read more »
Kluge, A. G. (1974) A taxonomic revision of the lizard family Pygopodidae. Miscellaneous Publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan, 1-221. info:/
If you travel on business even a little, you’ve seen the signs in your hotel bathroom urging you to help them save water by reusing your towels and sleeping on the same sheets for your entire stay. Many of those signs are based on the idea that if we know others do this, we are [...]
Related posts:Simple Jury Persuasion: Don’t tell me what to do!
Simple Jury Persuasion: The Omega Strategies
Simple Jury Persuasion: How to be more likable
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Seiter, J., Brownlee, G., & Sanders, M. (2011) Persuasion by way of example: Does including gratuity guidelines on customers’ checks affect restaurant tipping behavior?. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 41(1), 150-159. info:/
If we have learned anything from the recent hackings – Sony, Google Mail, PBS – in which vast amounts of data for millions of users have been compromised, it is that precious data is rarely entirely secure and certainly barely private. It is time to tighten up. Nowhere is this more important than in healthcare [...]Seven steps to cure healthcare privacy problems is a post from: Sciencebase Science Blog
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Yair Babad, & Avishai Lubitch. (2011) Ethical and legal issues of privacy and patient rights in the application of information healthcare delivery systems. Int. J. Healthcare Technology and Management, 12(3/4), 230-249. info:/
It is often the case that frequently occurring mutations can indicate the areas of functional importance within a protein. For example in Ras, a GTPase commonly mutated in cancer, most mutations occur around the GTPase domain, which is critical for … Continue reading →... Read more »
Nahorski MS, Reiman A, Lim DH, Nookala RK, Seabra L, Lu X, Fenton J, Boora U, Nordenskjöld M, Latif F, Hurst LD, Maher ER. (2011) Birt Hogg-Dubé syndrome associated FLCN mutations disrupt protein stability. Human Mutation. DOI: 10.1002/humu.21519
Reuter CW, Morgan MA, & Bergmann L. (2000) Targeting the Ras signaling pathway: a rational, mechanism-based treatment for hematologic malignancies?. Blood, 96(5), 1655-69. PMID: 10961860
When is killing yourself not suicide?In the British Journal of Psychiatry, two psychiatrists and an anthropologist discuss recent cases of self-immolation as a form of political protest in the Arab world:Since ancient times there has been a difference between suicide (an act of self-destruction) and self-immolation which, although self- destructive, has a sacrificial connotation. Self-immolation is associated with terrible physical pain (burning alive) and with the idea of courage... It is, howe........ Read more »
Cheikh IB, Rousseau C, & Mekki-Berrada A. (2011) Suicide as protest against social suffering in the Arab world. The British journal of psychiatry : the journal of mental science, 494-5. PMID: 21628715
Is conscious experience affected by what we feel? That is the question that Romer and others posed themselves (citation). They also looked at the role played by the anterior cingulate cortex in the consciousness of emotion. This part of the cortex is deep within the middle of the brain, wrapped around the corpus callosum, the [...]... Read more »
Romer Thomsen K, Lou HC, Joensson M, Hyam JA, Holland P, et al. (2011) Impact of Emotion on Consciousness: Positive Stimuli Enhance Conscious Reportability. PLoS ONE. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0018686
Technically, we were on the cover!
In my very brief academic career it has been fun and gratifying to receive attention from the mainstream media on topics covered in my research. There are a number of benefits to this. For example, my parents--for perhaps the first time-- could actually get a sense of what exactly I do all day, and could even tell their friends about it! In some cases it gave me a chance to connect with interesting people--not directly, but indirectly through my research. For........ Read more »
Kraus MW, Côté S, & Keltner D. (2010) Social class, contextualism, and empathic accuracy. Psychological science, 21(11), 1716-23. PMID: 20974714
We're combining science and video games! (source)
I think people who play video games are well aware of the public debate over the link between violent video-game playing and actual violent behavior, and if you're not, you can easily catch up with the more than decade-long discourse here, here, and here. What I think most people are not aware of, is that this same debate goes on within the walls of the ivory tower of academia!
I think the debate centers around two key issues: The firs........ Read more »
Anderson CA, Shibuya A, Ihori N, Swing EL, Bushman BJ, Sakamoto A, Rothstein HR, & Saleem M. (2010) Violent video game effects on aggression, empathy, and prosocial behavior in eastern and western countries: a meta-analytic review. Psychological bulletin, 136(2), 151-73. PMID: 20192553
One of my favorite Megadeth albums and songs, although that’s for another time. The title also fits for a handful of species from a group particularly close to my heart – seagrasses. Seagrasses made the news recently, as a recent report suggest as many as 10 of the 72 known seagrass species are at risk of . . . → Read More: Countdown to extinction!... Read more »
Short, FT, Polidoro, B, Livingstone, SR, Carpenter, KE, Bandeira, S, Bujang, JS, Calumpong, HP, Carruthers, TJB, Coles, RG, Dennison, WC.... (2011) Extinction risk assessment of the world's seagrass species. Biological Conservation. info:/10.1016/j.biocon.2011.04.010
Carroll, J, Gobler, CJ, & Peterson,BJ. (2008) Resource-restricted growth of eelgrass in New York estuaries: light limitation, and alleviation of nutrient stress by hard clams. Marine Ecology Progress Series. DOI: 10.3354/meps07593
I can only imagine what people with the immune disorder known as celiac disease experience, but I can understand their fear and desire to demonize gluten, the plant protein that triggers their severe intestinal distress. The fear of gluten, for most people, may be the "fear of the moment," with 25% of the population concerned about gluten intake (Associated Press, 2010) and less than 1% actually sensitive to it (Rubio-Tapia et al. 2009), but the evidence for increased auto-immune diseases as a........ Read more »
Rubio-Tapia A, Kyle RA, Kaplan EL, Johnson DR, Page W, Erdtmann F, Brantner TL, Kim WR, Phelps TK, Lahr BD, Zinsmeister AR, Melton LJ 3rd, Murray JA. (2009) Increased prevalence and mortality in undiagnosed celiac disease. Gastroenterology. Gastroenterology, 137(1), 88-93. DOI: 10.1053/j.gastro.2009.03.059
What can be better than fighting cancer by eating fruits you enjoy? Now, a new research shows that Fisetin, a dietary compound found in strawberries and kiwis, can have a beneficial effect in fighting cancer. This compound is not widely publicised as Resveratrol, however, there are already products on the market, such as Purple Longevity™ from Anti-Aging Naturals, that includes Fisetin with Resveratrol and other dietary supplements. Of course, it's easier to get dietary supplements to the mark........ Read more »
Khan N, Afaq F, Khusro FH, Adhami VM, Suh Y, & Mukhtar H. (2011) Dual inhibition of PI3K/AKT and mTOR signaling in human non-small cell lung cancer cells by a dietary flavonoid fisetin. International journal of cancer. Journal international du cancer. PMID: 21618507
REPORT OF THEGLOBAL COMMISSIONON DRUG POLICY finds drug war has failed.... Read more »
Jahangir, A. Fuentes, C. Gaviria, C. Zedillo, E.Cardoso, F. Papandreou, G. Shultz, G. Solana, J. Whitehead, J. Annan, K. Arbour, L. Cattaui, M. Llosa, M. Caspers-Merk,M. Kazatchkine,M. Volcker, P. Branson, R. Dreifuss, R. Stoltenberg, T. (2011) WAR ON DRUGS. REPORT OF THE GLOBAL COMMISSION ON DRUG POLICY, 1-22. info:/
Japanese neuroscientists have unmasked inconnections between sleep and olfactory systems in that slow wave sleep is concurrent with spike wave activity in the olfactory cortex and bulb. ... Read more »
Hiroyuki Manabe,1,2* Ikue Kusumoto-Yoshida,1,2* Mizuho Ota,1,2 and Kensaku Mori1,2. (2011) Olfactory Cortex Generates Synchronized Top-Down Inputs to the Olfactory Bulb during Slow-Wave Sleep. Journal of Neuroscience. info:/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.6578-10.2011
Earlier this week on Monday came reports from Germany that 6 people who consumed raw vegetables were killed and hundreds rendered ill . Initial investigations pointed towards consumptions of raw cucumber, lettuce and tomatoes. The fatalities were attributed to hemolytic-uremic syndrome, or HUS, from E. Coli. Since then, more people have died and the infection has spread to different parts of Europe . Cases have been reported from Sweden, Austria, Denmark, France, Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Swit........ Read more »
Kumarasamy KK, Toleman MA, Walsh TR, Bagaria J, Butt F, Balakrishnan R, Chaudhary U, Doumith M, Giske CG, Irfan S.... (2010) Emergence of a new antibiotic resistance mechanism in India, Pakistan, and the UK: a molecular, biological, and epidemiological study. The Lancet infectious diseases, 10(9), 597-602. PMID: 20705517
In 1957, we knew what DNA was. We were pretty sure that proteins were determined by sequences of DNA. But we didn’t know exactly how this happened. In other words, the genetic code was still a mystery back then. This was a particularly perplexing problem, because a very simple question could be stated with no [...]... Read more »
Brenner, S. (1957) On the Impossibility of all Overlapping Triplet Codes in Information Transfer from Nucleic Acid to Proteins. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 43(8), 687-694. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.43.8.687
As a testament to humankind's everlasting quest for knowledge and understanding of the self, a number of scientific studies in the recent times have examined the elusive relationship between the human brain and that fountainhead of human emotion and...... Read more »
Owen AD, Hayward RD, Koenig HG, Steffens DC, & Payne ME. (2011) Religious Factors and Hippocampal Atrophy in Late Life. PLoS One. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0017006
This has already been comprehensively and accurately blogged by David Colquhoun and Margaret Mccartney. The BJGP has had a makeover. The new and modern style of the journal is welcome. A tabloid approach to the presentation of research is not. Abbreviated research articles (now a maximum of two pages) are far more likely to be [...]... Read more »
Paterson, C., Taylor, R., Griffiths, P., Britten, N., Rugg, S., Bridges, J., McCallum, B., & Kite, G. (2011) Acupuncture for ‘frequent attenders’ with medically unexplained symptoms: a randomised controlled trial (CACTUS study). British Journal of General Practice, 61(587), 295-305. DOI: 10.3399/bjgp11X572689
Did you ever pause for a moment to consider the plight of the short-limbed emperor penguin as it attempts to exit the water to jump onto an ice shelf? No, I hadn’t either; but when I saw this research paper it struck me that this act is really quite a conundrum for these birds. [...]... Read more »
John Davenport, Roger Hughes, Mark Shorten, & Poul Larsen. (2011) Drag reduction by air release promotes fast ascent in jumping emperor penguins—a novel hypothesis. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 171-182. info:/doi: 10.3354/meps08868
As I have focussed my PhD research on the link between evolution and long-term economic growth, for months I have meant to blog on the core paper in this area, Natural Selection and the Origin of Economic Growth by Oded Galor and Omer Moav. I have held off writing this post pending finalisation some of [...]... Read more »
Galor, O., & Moav, O. (2002) Natural Selection and the Origin of Economic Growth. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 117(4), 1133-1191. info:/10.1162/003355302320935007
There is a sense in which we are all cultural narcissists. By this, I mean that because all of us are acculturated at a particular time and in a particular place, we have a strong tendency to view other times and places through our own cultural lens. These lenses are prismatic and what we see [...]... Read more »
Bird-David, Nurit. (1999) "Animism" Revisited: Personhood, Environment, and Relational Epistemology. Current Anthropology. DOI: 10.1086/200061
Bergman, I., Ostlund, L., Zackrisson, O., & Liedgren, L. (2008) Varro Muorra: The Landscape Significance of Sami Sacred Wooden Objects and Sacrificial Altars. Ethnohistory, 55(1), 1-28. DOI: 10.1215/00141801-2007-044
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