I was browsing through a collection of Landau’s papers and came across one of the more bizarre explanations of the second law of thermodynamics that I’ve seen. The few people who frequent this blog probably don’t need this explained to them, but the reason why many philosophers think that the second law needs ‘explaining’ is [...]... Read more »
M. Bronstein, & L. Landau. (1933) Über den zweiten Wärmesatz und die Zusammenhangsverhältnisse der Welt im Großen. Physikalische zeitschrift der Sowjetunion, 114. info:/
I recently applied for the Mitsui Educational Foundation Scholarship. It’s essentially a cultural scholarship set up the by the Mitsui company in Japan in order to exercise it’s role as a responsible corporate citizen. The idea is that the Mitsui company will take 8 Aussie students and fly them to Japan for a three 3-week [...]... Read more »
DeGroot, T., & Gooty, J. (2009) Can Nonverbal Cues be Used to Make Meaningful Personality Attributions in Employment Interviews?. Journal of Business and Psychology, 24(2), 179-192. DOI: 10.1007/s10869-009-9098-0
Krumhuber, E., Manstead, A., Cosker, D., Marshall, D., & Rosin, P. (2008) Effects of Dynamic Attributes of Smiles in Human and Synthetic Faces: A Simulated Job Interview Setting. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 33(1), 1-15. DOI: 10.1007/s10919-008-0056-8
Russell B, Perkins J, & Grinnell H. (2008) Interviewees' overuse of the word "like" and hesitations: effects in simulated hiring decisions. Psychological reports, 102(1), 111-8. PMID: 18481672
This post comes to you courtesy, actually, of Sci-Dad, who sent an email to Sci saying wasn't this cool. Sci then showed it to Mr. SiT, and he was very intrigued, and insisted she cover it. Sci kind of wanted to make cake balls. Maybe that will be tomorrow.
OM NOM NOM
Colzato et al. "DOOM'd to switch: superior cognitive ﬂexibility in players of ﬁrst person shooter games" Frontiers in Psychology, 2010.
(First, a brief tribute to Mr. SiT's current favorite FPS "Battlefield:........ Read more »
Colzato, L. (2010) DOOM'd to switch: superior cognitive flexibility in players of first person shooter games. Frontiers in Psychology. DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2010.00008
Alcohol withdrawal is a physically and psychologically painful experience. Some patients with alcohol dependence have physiological tolerance and withdrawal symptoms. Alcohol withdrawal can be dangerous. Some will experience withdrawal seizures and death during withdrawal can occur.Treatment of alcohol withdrawal typically involves medication to reduce the effects of detoxification. Benzodiazepines such as Valium (diazepam) or Ativan (lorazepam) typically are effective and routinely used. H........ Read more »
Martinotti G, di Nicola M, Frustaci A, Romanelli R, Tedeschi D, Guglielmo R, Guerriero L, Bruschi A, De Filippis R, Pozzi G.... (2010) Pregabalin, tiapride and lorazepam in alcohol withdrawal syndrome: a multi-centre, randomized, single-blind comparison trial. Addiction (Abingdon, England), 105(2), 288-99. PMID: 20078487
For those who have run out of patience for the promised benefits of ‘sustainable development,’ there is a new alternative paradigm: sustainable de-growth.The objective of sustainable de-growth is characterized by “an equitable and democratic transition to a smaller economy with less production and consumption,” with the goal of creating a “society built on quality rather than on quantity, on cooperation rather than on competition.”The authors of a new paper in Ecological Economics la........ Read more »
Martínez-Alier, J., Pascual, U., Vivien, F., & Zaccai, E. (2010) Sustainable de-growth: Mapping the context, criticisms and future prospects of an emergent paradigm. Ecological Economics. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2010.04.017
In the last text, it was discussed the capacity of H5N1 of infecting a number of hosts and causing very harsh symptoms, causing deaths in over 50% of the recorded human cases. Despite this, its transmission from person to person seems to be well limited. Now we will see its characteristics that contribute to this.
As [...]... Read more »
Steinhauer, D. (1999) Role of Hemagglutinin Cleavage for the Pathogenicity of Influenza Virus. Virology, 258(1), 1-20. DOI: 10.1006/viro.1999.9716
Stech, O., Veits, J., Weber, S., Deckers, D., Schroer, D., Vahlenkamp, T., Breithaupt, A., Teifke, J., Mettenleiter, T., & Stech, J. (2009) Acquisition of a Polybasic Hemagglutinin Cleavage Site by a Low-Pathogenic Avian Influenza Virus Is Not Sufficient for Immediate Transformation into a Highly Pathogenic Strain. Journal of Virology, 83(11), 5864-5868. DOI: 10.1128/JVI.02649-08
Henry Rzepa (Imperial College London) has presented theoretical investigations which may lead to the synthesis of rigorously provable bonds to helium, an atom commonly thought to be inert. This news feature was written on June 6, 2010.... Read more »
How many species are there here? It’s a beguilingly simple question, and a fundamental area of interest. A moments thought shows that the bigger here is, the more species there will be. So, if we start from a little patch of my lawn, and take successively larger heres until we’ve included the whole world, we [...]... Read more »
O'Dwyer, J., & Green, J. (2010) Field theory for biogeography: a spatially explicit model for predicting patterns of biodiversity. Ecology Letters, 13(1), 87-95. DOI: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2009.01404.x
Rosindell, J., & Cornell, S. (2009) Species–area curves, neutral models, and long-distance dispersal. Ecology, 90(7), 1743-1750. DOI: 10.1890/08-0661.1
Like atlatls, but to an even greater degree, bows are rare in the archaeological record because they were made of perishable materials. While some types of atlatls had more durable attachments such as hooks and weights, bows were almost always made of wood and various fibrous materials, except in some areas where they were made [...]... Read more »
Hibben, F. (1938) A Cache of Wooden Bows from the Mogollon Mountains. American Antiquity, 4(1), 36. DOI: 10.2307/275360
There are few images more fearsome than that of an angry bear, with teeth bared and claws flashing. It is intriguing, then, to consider a community in which a population of mighty ursids was driven to extinction by a diminutive...... Read more »
COTE, S. (2005) Extirpation of a Large Black Bear Population by Introduced White-Tailed Deer. Conservation Biology, 19(5), 1668-1671. DOI: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2005.00252.x
Young adults in the USA are more likely than ever before to tell pollsters that they don't see themselves as 'being' of any particular religion - they are unaffiliated. The data are clear, but the reason for this shift is not.
It might simply be their age. Maybe they will be more likely to identify with a religion when they're older. Alternatively, there could be an uptick in the numbers of people who are leaving religion - for good.
Or maybe it's a snowball effect. More than ever before, Amer........ Read more »
Schwadel, P. (2010) Period and Cohort Effects on Religious Nonaffiliation and Religious Disaffiliation: A Research Note. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 49(2), 311-319. DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-5906.2010.01511.x
Most “Dark Matter” Transcripts Are Associated With Known Genes Harm van Bakel, Corey Nislow, Benjamin J. Blencowe, Timothy R. Hughes PLoS Biology, 8 (5): e1000371, 18 May 2010. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.1000371 This week’s illuminating summary and analysis by Igor Ulitsky. It’s Igor’s second contribution to the blog: The paper is one of at least five interesting RNA-Seq [...]... Read more »
van Bakel H, Nislow C, Blencowe BJ, & Hughes TR. (2010) Most "dark matter" transcripts are associated with known genes. PLoS biology, 8(5). PMID: 20502517
You know ‘em, you love ‘em: Suddenly, pictures bulge out in three dimensions, or static dots begin to swirl, or you see colors that aren’t really there. Tricking your eye is as easy as the well-known “finger sausage” maneuver: Hold out your arms, point your index fingers toward each other, then move them slowly together [...]... Read more »
Kuriki I, Ashida H, Murakami I, & Kitaoka A. (2008) Functional brain imaging of the Rotating Snakes illusion by fMRI. Journal of vision, 8(10), 16-10. PMID: 19146358
Suppose you’re nearing the end of your life. In a strange twist of fate, you won the lottery. You decide to split the jackpot equally between your two children. While one child uses the money to fund a charity dedicated to fighting poverty, the other one uses it to start the crime syndicate he has [...]... Read more »
Janouskovec, J., Horak, A., Obornik, M., Lukes, J., & Keeling, P. (2010) A common red algal origin of the apicomplexan, dinoflagellate, and heterokont plastids. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1003335107
The 2,000 year dance between the Jewish people and Western civilization has spawned many questions of scholarly interest. A relatively minor point, though not trivial, has been the issue of the biological relatedness of the Jewish people, and their relatedness to the nations among whom they were resident. This particular point became more starkly relevant [...]... Read more »
Atzmon, G., Hao, L., Pe'er, I., Velez, C., Pearlman, A., Palamara, P., Morrow, B., Friedman, E., Oddoux, C., & Burns, E. (2010) Abraham's Children in the Genome Era: Major Jewish Diaspora Populations Comprise Distinct Genetic Clusters with Shared Middle Eastern Ancestry. The American Journal of Human Genetics. DOI: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2010.04.015
A study shows that frequent consumption habituates the body to caffeine, and it's all downhill from there...... Read more »
Rogers PJ, Hohoff C, Heatherley SV, Mullings EL, Maxfield PJ, Evershed RP, Deckert J, & Nutt DJ. (2010) Association of the Anxiogenic and Alerting Effects of Caffeine with ADORA2A and ADORA1 Polymorphisms and Habitual Level of Caffeine Consumption. Neuropsychopharmacology : official publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology. PMID: 20520601
Most straight man, according to Prospero and Fawson (2010), must oblige when their female partners insist on sex, since to refuse would apparently be an indelible stain on one's manhood.
... Read more »
Próspero M, & Fawson P. (2010) Sexual coercion and mental health symptoms among heterosexual men: the pressure to say "yes". American journal of men's health, 4(2), 98-103. PMID: 19477760
Kevin Zelnio of Deep Sea News tweeted the title of this piece and sent my mind going over the various theories of citation, what citations mean, studies showing how people cite without reading (pdf) (or at least propagate obvious citation errors), and also how people use things but don't cite them in certain fields... I was also thinking, I know what inappropriate touching is, but what's inappropriate citing? So let's take a look at the article: Todd, P., Guest, J., Lu, J., & Chou, L........ Read more »
Todd, P., Guest, J., Lu, J., & Chou, L. (2010) One in four citations in marine biology papers is inappropriate. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 299-303. DOI: 10.3354/meps08587
Note: This is a modified version of a paper I did for an environmental planning course this past semester. I discussed some of the earlier stages in this project a while back. Although coal-fired power plants provide about one half of America’s electricity today, they have become increasingly controversial in the past few years for [...]... Read more »
Franco, A., & Diaz, A. (2009) The future challenges for “clean coal technologies”: Joining efficiency increase and pollutant emission control. Energy, 34(3), 348-354. DOI: 10.1016/j.energy.2008.09.012
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a crude but effective treatment for depression. It consists of applying a brief alternating current to the brain in order to induce a generalized seizure, which usually lasts for less than half a minute. It looks nothing like the picture to the left.ECT is typically given three times per week, and a dozen sessions are enough to produce a dramatic improvement in depression in most cases. However, how it works is entirely mysterious. There are plenty of theories......... Read more »
Cassidy, F., Weiner, R., Cooper, T., & Carroll, B. (2010) Combined catecholamine and indoleamine depletion following response to ECT. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 196(6), 493-494. DOI: 10.1192/bjp.bp.109.070573
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