Fellow blogger and Scientope Scicurious played host to the most recent edition of The Giant’s Shoulders, a blog carnival that recognizes folks who use classic science papers in their writing. Sci put together a spectacular collection of posts based on the theme of Fools, Frauds, and Failures, and it’s certainly worth perusing.
I had high hopes for participating in this round of the carnival, but
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MacCurdy, G. (1913) Ancestor Hunting: The Significance of the Piltdown Skull. American Anthropologist, 15(2), 248-256. DOI: 10.1525/aa.1913.15.2.02a00050
It was my brother who told me that drinking coffee while drinking alcohol was a good idea - it would lessen the effects of intoxication. I launched into an ethanol fuelled discussion of how physiologically implausible that sounded to me, but we were celebrating a great occasion, and so I don't think I got much beyond slurring something about cyclic AMP before we instead had some of Arizona's ... Read more »
Ferreira, S., de Mello, M., Pompeia, S., & de Souza-Formigoni, M. (2006) Effects of Energy Drink Ingestion on Alcohol Intoxication. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 30(4), 598-605. DOI: 10.1111/j.1530-0277.2006.00070.x
The recent oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico released, as we have all seen on tv, a lot of oil. Quite how much is a "lot" is a bit of a guess, but roughly 4.9 million barrels, or 784 million litres*. What actually happened to this oil was reviewed recently in an article in Science (Kerr 2010). Only about 0.1% was recovered from beaches and marshes (that´s still an awful lot of oil!). About 17% was siphoned away at the well head, 5% burned off at the surface, and only 3% skimmed off........ Read more »
Kerr RA. (2010) Gulf Oil Spill. A lot of oil on the loose, not so much to be found. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5993), 734-5. PMID: 20705818
Kintisch E. (2010) Gulf Oil Spill. An audacious decision in crisis gets cautious praise. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5993), 735-6. PMID: 20705819
Vila, J., Nieto, J., Mertens, J., Springael, D., & Grifoll, M. (2010) Microbial community structure of a heavy fuel oil-degrading marine consortium: linking microbial dynamics with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon utilization. FEMS Microbiology Ecology. DOI: 10.1111/j.1574-6941.2010.00902.x
A new student by McNall and Stanton in the Journal of Business and Psychology examines electronic monitoring of employee vehicle location.... Read more »
McNall, L., & Stanton, J. (2010) Private Eyes Are Watching You: Reactions to Location Sensing Technologies. Journal of Business and Psychology. DOI: 10.1007/s10869-010-9189-y
Public health law research is necessary, even if so much is proving the obvious, but once you get the numbers, you can hopefully get policy changes. But now it can be told: your bicycle is good for your health, despite its dangers.... Read more »
Johan de Hartog, J., Boogaard, H., Nijland, H., & Hoek, G. (2010) Do the Health Benefits of Cycling Outweigh the Risks?. Environmental Health Perspectives, 118(8), 1109-1116. DOI: 10.1289/ehp.0901747
Talk about your historic biodiversity. A polar hut built by famed Antarctic explorer Ernest Shackleton turns out to house an extraordinary array of fungi. The discovery could help conservators preserve the landmark structure, and offers new insights into life on a continent once viewed as barren.
Shackleton and his 15-member British Antarctic Expedition erected the […] Read More »... Read more »
Blanchette, R., Held, B., Arenz, B., Jurgens, J., Baltes, N., Duncan, S., & Farrell, R. (2010) An Antarctic Hot Spot for Fungi at Shackleton's Historic Hut on Cape Royds. Microbial Ecology, 60(1), 29-38. DOI: 10.1007/s00248-010-9664-z
The latest New England Journal of Medicine dropped in the mail yesterday afternoon, it has some interesting articles on how palliation plus chemotherapy offers improved survival over chemo alone and a small study on the positive impact of T'ai Chi...... Read more »
Hodi, F., O'Day, S., McDermott, D., Weber, R., Sosman, J., Haanen, J., Gonzalez, R., Robert, C., Schadendorf, D., Hassel, J.... (2010) Improved Survival with Ipilimumab in Patients with Metastatic Melanoma. New England Journal of Medicine. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa1003466
More than 50 years after the publication of CP Snow's seminal Two Cultures, interdisciplinary partnerships between science and other academic "cultures" are being urged once again. Today, urgency is not focused on the Cold War but rather the challenge of engaging society on climate change and other environmental problems.
In an open access article published this month at the journal Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, I joined with several colleagues to describe the potential for partnersh........ Read more »
Nisbet, M., Hixon, M., Moore, K., & Nelson, M. (2010) Four cultures: new synergies for engaging society on climate change. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 8(6), 329-331. DOI: 10.1890/1540-9295-8.6.329
At the risk of once again irritating long time readers who've hear me say this before, I can't resist pointing out that, of all the various forms of "alternative medicine" other than herbal medicines (many of which are drugs, just adulterated, impure drugs), acupuncture was the one treatment that, or so I thought, might actually have a real therapeutic effect. Don't get me wrong; I never bought magical mystical mumbo-jumbo about "meridians" and "unblocking the flow of qi" (that magical mystical ........ Read more »
Suarez-Almazor, M., Looney, C., Liu, Y., Cox, V., Pietz, K., Marcus, D., & Street, R. (2010) A Randomized controlled trial of acupuncture for osteoarthritis of the knee: Effects of patient-provider communication. Arthritis Care . DOI: 10.1002/acr.20225
Barriers to dispersal come in all shapes and sizes and not all are obvious. Baker conducted experiments with jumping spiders, Phidippus princeps (Salticidae) in which he manipulated corridors connecting patches of old growth fields (clover and alfalfa). Patches were either not connected (bare corridors), all connected, or partly connected by vegetated corridors (see schema [...]... Read more »
Baker, L. (2007) Effect of corridors on the movement behavior of the jumping spider Phidippus princeps (Araneae, Salticidae). Canadian Journal of Zoology, 85(7), 802-808. DOI: 10.1139/Z07-061
We just came across a fancy patient information form that was given to a patient after an assessment by a clinician. The form just blew our minds (but not in a good way) because it seemed to be the perfect clinical tool for generating ongoing pain and disability, and all by the simple process of [...]... Read more »
Beattie PF, Meyers SP, Stratford P, Millard RW, & Hollenberg GM. (2000) Associations between patient report of symptoms and anatomic impairment visible on lumbar magnetic resonance imaging. Spine, 25(7), 819-28. PMID: 10751293
Borenstein DG, O'Mara JW Jr, Boden SD, Lauerman WC, Jacobson A, Platenberg C, Schellinger D, & Wiesel SW. (2001) The value of magnetic resonance imaging of the lumbar spine to predict low-back pain in asymptomatic subjects : a seven-year follow-up study. The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume, 83-A(9), 1306-11. PMID: 11568190
Kalichman L, Li L, Kim DH, Guermazi A, Berkin V, O'Donnell CJ, Hoffmann U, Cole R, & Hunter DJ. (2008) Facet joint osteoarthritis and low back pain in the community-based population. Spine, 33(23), 2560-5. PMID: 18923337
Kalichman L, Kim DH, Li L, Guermazi A, Berkin V, & Hunter DJ. (2009) Spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis: prevalence and association with low back pain in the adult community-based population. Spine, 34(2), 199-205. PMID: 19139672
Mirtz TA, Morgan L, Wyatt LH, & Greene L. (2009) An epidemiological examination of the subluxation construct using Hill's criteria of causation. Chiropractic , 13. PMID: 19954544
Moseley GL. (2003) A pain neuromatrix approach to patients with chronic pain. Manual therapy, 8(3), 130-40. PMID: 12909433
Obesity is now increasingly recognised as the “natural” consequence of societal changes that have occurred over the past decades to foster an increasingly obesogenic environment.
Yet, rather than focus on the root causes of these societal drivers of obesity, governments apparently prefer to make obesity prevention a personal matter, with a strong emphasis on trying to [...]... Read more »
Alvaro C, Jackson LA, Kirk S, McHugh TL, Hughes J, Chircop A, & Lyons RF. (2010) Moving governmental policies beyond a focus on individual lifestyle: some insights from complexity and critical theories. Health promotion international. PMID: 20709791
I am constantly on the lookout for studies on how biochemical mechanisms shift with age, the significance of these changes and how nutrition and lifestyle interact with them to potentially affect health. Ageing itself is clearly an immensely complex process, and teasing … Continue reading →... Read more »
Einstein FH, Huffman DM, Fishman S, Jerschow E, Heo HJ, Atzmon G, Schechter C, Barzilai N, & Muzumdar RH. (2010) Aging per se increases the susceptibility to free fatty acid-induced insulin resistance. The journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences, 65(8), 800-8. PMID: 20504893
The Derringer pistol:
Pros: Easy concealment. Stylish.
Con: You’ve only got one shot.
Argiope bruennichi of the male variety are rather like Derringer pistols. Because, you see, their sex organs tend to break during mating.
Yes. Break off.
You almost can’t help but wonder if being eaten by the female – which is the fate for a large percentage of them – isn’t almost a relief to the poor boys at that point.
When you only one shot at genetic glory, you would expect to aim at the ta........ Read more »
Schulte, K., Uhl, G., & Schneider, J. (2010) Mate choice in males with one-shot genitalia: limited importance of female fecundity. Animal Behaviour. DOI: 10.1016/j.anbehav.2010.07.005
Nearly everyone has heard of developmental dyslexia – a learning disorder characterized by poor reading skills despite otherwise sufficient schooling – but have you heard of developmental dyscalculia? Many people have not. Here is part 4 in a week-long series on this lesser-known learning disorder. Case-studies of patients with various brain lesions have demonstrated the [...]... Read more »
Isaacs EB, Edmonds CJ, Lucas A, & Gadian DG. (2001) Calculation difficulties in children of very low birthweight: a neural correlate. Brain : a journal of neurology, 124(Pt 9), 1701-7. PMID: 11522573
Molko N, Cachia A, Rivière D, Mangin JF, Bruandet M, Le Bihan D, Cohen L, & Dehaene S. (2003) Functional and structural alterations of the intraparietal sulcus in a developmental dyscalculia of genetic origin. Neuron, 40(4), 847-58. PMID: 14622587
Dehaene, S, Piazza, M, Pinel, P, & Cohen, L. (2003) Three Parietal Circuits for Number Processing. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 487-506. info:/
The March issue of International Microbiology included a very nice article by Roberto Kolter, professor of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics at Harvard Medical School. The title is Biofilms in lab and nature: a molecular geneticist’s voyage to microbial ecology (freely available as PDF).In the article, the author gives an entertaining account of the path that lead him to the study of biofilms -- that is, aggregations of microbes growing on solid substrates. He also highlights some of his rec........ Read more »
Roberto Kolter. (2010) Biofilms in lab and nature: a molecular geneticist’s voyage to microbial ecology. Int. Microbiol., 1-7. info:/10.2436/20.1501.01.105
Rosy Apple Aphid (Whalon lab, MSU) Normally I don’t talk about research that’s well covered elsewhere, but I like this one so much (and it links back to so many of my earlier posts; check the footnotes for those links) that I’ll make an exception here. I’d seen bits and pieces of this story, but [...]... Read more »
Oliver KM, Degnan PH, Hunter MS, & Moran NA. (2009) Bacteriophages encode factors required for protection in a symbiotic mutualism. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5943), 992-4. PMID: 19696350
Degnan PH, Yu Y, Sisneros N, Wing RA, & Moran NA. (2009) Hamiltonella defensa, genome evolution of protective bacterial endosymbiont from pathogenic ancestors. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106(22), 9063-8. PMID: 19451630
Degnan PH, & Moran NA. (2008) Evolutionary genetics of a defensive facultative symbiont of insects: exchange of toxin-encoding bacteriophage. Molecular ecology, 17(3), 916-29. PMID: 18179430
Degnan PH, & Moran NA. (2008) Diverse phage-encoded toxins in a protective insect endosymbiont. Applied and environmental microbiology, 74(21), 6782-91. PMID: 18791000
Continuing my series on the Evolution of Colour terms, this post reviews evidence for perceptual constraints on colour terms. For the full dissertation and for references, go here.
The perceptual space that results from the processing of opponent colours is non-uniform (see Figure below), meaning that there are optimal ways to describe it (Jameson & D’Andrade, . . . → Read More: Evolution of Colour Terms: 3 Perceptual Constraints... Read more »
Jameson, K., & D'Andrade, R.G. (1997) It's not really Red, Green, Yellow, Blue: An Inquiry into cognitive color space. Color Categories in Thought and Language. DOI: 10.1017/CBO9780511519819.014
Regier, T., Kay, P., & Khetarpal, N. (2007) Color naming reflects optimal partitions of color space. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 104(4), 1436-1441. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0610341104
Liljencrants, J., Lindblom, B., & Lindblom, B. (1972) Numerical Simulation of Vowel Quality Systems: The Role of Perceptual Contrast. Language, 48(4), 839. DOI: 10.2307/411991
Buchsbaum, G. (2002) Color categories revealed by non-negative matrix factorization of Munsell color spectra. Vision Research, 42(5), 559-563. DOI: 10.1016/S0042-6989(01)00303-0
While everybody was busy talking about unexpectedly old cutmarks and other Pleistocene goings-on last week, the paper by Strasser et al. (2010) describing the discovery of quartz handaxe assemblages on Crete quietly came out in Hesperia. This is a topic that was discussed at length on this blog, in several posts that generated a large amount of comments a few months back. The sticking point of ... Read more »
Strasser, T., Panagopoulou, E., Runnels, C., Murray, P., Thompson, N., Karkanas, P., McCoy, F., & Wegmann, K. (2010) Stone Age Seafaring in the Mediterranean: Evidence from the Plakias Region for Lower Palaeolithic and Mesolithic Habitation of Crete. Hesperia, 79(2), 145-190. DOI: 10.2972/hesp.79.2.145
You can think of a lot such as technical procedures or washing your hands. For residents it’s obvious. Mostly learning the technical procedure of an operation. During long operations I used to count the number of stitches. Once during a vascular operation the chief surgeon out of the blue asked what vessel it was they’re [...]
Related posts:Bedside teaching, Computer Based Learning and Wiki in Medical Education
Personalized Medical Education
Empathy for the Mentally Ill in Medical........ Read more »
Irani, J., Greenberg, J., Blanco, M., Greenberg, C., Ashley, S., Lipsitz, S., Hafler, J., & Breen, E. (2010) Educational value of the operating room experience during a core surgical clerkship. The American Journal of Surgery, 200(1), 167-172. DOI: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2009.06.023
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