A mink stole may be stylish, but a live American mink can be an ecological nightmare. The carnivores have invaded habitats around the world, wiping out everything from native seabirds to fish. Now, Scottish biologists are reporting success in ousting the enemy with a “clear and hold” campaign of epic proportions.
Since 2006, a small, […] Read More »... Read more »
Bryce, R., Oliver, M., Davies, L., Gray, H., Urquhart, J., & Lambin, X. (2010) Turning back the tide of American mink invasion at an unprecedented scale through community participation and adaptive management. Biological Conservation. DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2010.10.013
It is estimated that for every 1,000 children born, two to six will be diagnosed with autism. Because of its relatively large presence, treatments and therapies for the impairments autistic children face are constantly being developed and improved. One of the most significant impairments associated with Autism is extreme difficulty in the development of speech and language. Some of the features of the language and speech impairment that autistic children face are unusual word choice, pronoun rev........ Read more »
Lim HA. (2010) Effect of "developmental speech and language training through music" on speech production in children with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of music therapy, 47(1), 2-26. PMID: 20635521
"Is that a 7 Tesla magnet in your pocket, or are you just pleased to see me?"German neuroscientists Metzger et al report on the results of a study using the latest, ultra-high-field Magnetic Resonance Imaging to measure brain activity in response to sexually arousing stimuli.Most fMRI studies are done using MRI scanners with a field strength of either 1.5 Tesla or, most commonly nowadays, 3.0 Tesla. However, a few especially forward-thinking, by which I mean wealthy, research centres have starte........ Read more »
Metzger CD, Eckert U, Steiner J, Sartorius A, Buchmann JE, Stadler J, Tempelmann C, Speck O, Bogerts B, Abler B.... (2010) High field FMRI reveals thalamocortical integration of segregated cognitive and emotional processing in mediodorsal and intralaminar thalamic nuclei. Frontiers in neuroanatomy, 138. PMID: 21088699
by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room
It’s like that 1980’s shampoo commercial featuring Kelly LeBrock that seemed so silly. “Don’t hate me because I’m beautiful…”. And decades later, we find that the sentiment is not only true, but we know it is true and we fear what will happen when others envy us! The research findings that we truly dislike the [...]
Related posts:Simple Jury Persuasion: Beware what the other side will tell you…
Simple Jury Persuasion: Turning weakness into strength
Simple Jury Persuasion: How........ Read more »
van de Ven N, Zeelenberg M, & Pieters R. (2010) Warding Off the Evil Eye: When the Fear of Being Envied Increases Prosocial Behavior. Psychological science : a journal of the American Psychological Society / APS. PMID: 20889930
Yesterday, I blogged about the results of the DIOGENES study showing that a moderately high-protein diet, that also has a relatively low glycemic index, may be better for sustaining weight loss.
This post prompted a number of questions regarding the glycemic index (GI) - which most readers may recall refers to the relative speed with which [...]... Read more »
Brand-Miller JC, Atkinson FS, Gahler RJ, Kacinik V, Lyon MR, & Wood S. (2010) Effects of PGX, a novel functional fibre, on acute and delayed postprandial glycaemia. European journal of clinical nutrition. PMID: 20924393
That advice from Dr. O'Reilly may encourage us to return fire fighters to an environment that has already made them toxic, but with the mistaken belief that they have carboxyhemoglobin levels of zero, when their carboxyhemoglobin is really very high.
Dr. O'Reilly's advice is bad for Masimo investors.
Dr. O'Reilly's advice is bad for patients.
Dr. O'Reilly's advice misrepresents the research.... Read more »
O'Reilly M. (2010) Performance of the Rad-57 pulse co-oximeter compared with standard laboratory carboxyhemoglobin measurement. Annals of emergency medicine, 56(4), 442. PMID: 20868919
Touger, M., Birnbaum, A., Wang, J., Chou, K., Pearson, D., & Bijur, P. (2010) Performance of the RAD-57 Pulse Co-Oximeter Compared With Standard Laboratory Carboxyhemoglobin Measurement. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 56(4), 382-388. DOI: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2010.03.041
Nilson D, Partridge R, Suner S, & Jay G. (2010) Non-invasive carboxyhemoglobin monitoring: screening emergency medical services patients for carbon monoxide exposure. Prehospital and disaster medicine : the official journal of the National Association of EMS Physicians and the World Association for Emergency and Disaster Medicine in association with the Acute Care Foundation, 25(3), 253-6. PMID: 20586019
In times of financial difficulties, health reporters are usually the first to be let go. This is especially true if they actually know something about health (it makes them more expensive). Financial cutbacks mean that media outlets have to rely on news agencies or have non-specialist journalists report health. The authors of "Does it matter who writes medical news stories" are familiar with such problems (and their consequences), since they are reviewers of health news stories for the Australia........ Read more »
Oil is formed from hydrocarbons: organic compounds which consist soley of the elements hydrogen and carbon. There are many, many different types of hydrocarbons, all of varying lengths and shapes, and pretty much all of them can in some way be consumed as an energy source by bacteria.Hydrocarbons, in both ring and chain form, taken from a mix of sourcesThe general rule is that the shorter and fewer rings present, the more toxic the compound to bacteria (ethalon, for example, is deadly) however t........ Read more »
Lena Ciric. (2010) A natural solution: how bacterial communities can help clean up oil spills. Microbiology Today, 229-231. info:other/
Sometimes it pays to blow the dust off those old archives. An Italian research team has been able to reconstruct how fish stocks in the Northern Adriatic Sea have changed over the last 200 years thanks to a creative method for transforming the diaries of long-dead naturalists and fishmongers into crunchable data. These long-ignored “eyewitness […] Read More »... Read more »
Fortibuoni, T., Libralato, S., Raicevich, S., Giovanardi, O., & Solidoro, C. (2010) Coding Early Naturalists' Accounts into Long-Term Fish Community Changes in the Adriatic Sea (1800–2000). PLoS ONE, 5(11). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0015502
Today being Thanksgiving, it's pretty reasonable to assume (if you live in the U.S.) that you will likely be sitting down to a large meal involving lots of turkey, stuffing, and cranberry sauce. It is also pretty likely, that somewhere in the house, football games will be on the television. Which brings us to one of the quintessential questions in football: It's 4th down, your team is on the opposing team's 30 yard line and they have only one yard to go to get a first down. Sho........ Read more »
Romer, D. (2006) Do Firms Maximize? Evidence from Professional Football. Journal of Political Economy, 114(2), 340-365. DOI: 10.1086/501171
Normal 0 false false false EN-GB X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 ... Read more »
Haack, R., Hérard, F., Sun, J., & Turgeon, J. (2010) Managing invasive populations of Asian longhorned beetle and Citrus longhorned beetle: a wWorldwide perspective. Annual Review of Entomology, 55(1), 521-546. DOI: 10.1146/annurev-ento-112408-085427
The proposition that “all the organic beings which have ever lived on this earth descended from some one primordial form”, first put forward by Darwin, and central to modern evolutionary theory, is a commonly held biological view.An attempt by Douglas Theobald, described in a letter to Nature as a ‘formal test’ of the universal common ancestry (UCA) hypothesis, stirred considerable interest recently - whilst the universality of the genetic code and evidence from comparative genomics prov........ Read more »
Theobald, D. L. (2010) A formal test of the theory of universal common ancestry. Nature, 465(7295), 219-222. DOI: 10.1038/nature09014
Announcing that neuroscience writer Jonah Lehrer had been listed as one of Salon's sexiest men of 2010, psychologist and uber-blogger Vaughan Bell joked that an aftershave would soon follow. Vaughan was referring, of course, to the widespread tendency for marketeers to use beautiful people to promote products. The rationale of the tactic is obvious. By pairing a product with an attractive model, hopefully people will come to find the product attractive too. A new study by Debra Trampe and collea........ Read more »
Trampe, D., Stapel, D., Siero, F., & Mulder, H. (2010) Beauty as a tool: The effect of model attractiveness, product relevance, and elaboration likelihood on advertising effectiveness. Psychology and Marketing, 27(12), 1101-1121. DOI: 10.1002/mar.20375
Today, the New England Journal of Medicine publishes the results of a large European multicentre trial called the Diet, Obesity, and Genes (DIOGENES) Project, showing that eating slightly more protein and slightly fewer high-glycemic-index foods may make it easier to keep weight off.... Read more »
Larsen TM, Dalskov SM, van Baak M, Jebb SA, Papadaki A, Pfeiffer AF, Martinez JA, Handjieva-Darlenska T, Kunešová M, Pihlsgård M.... (2010) Diets with high or low protein content and glycemic index for weight-loss maintenance. The New England journal of medicine, 363(22), 2102-13. PMID: 21105792
Until the last century, astronomy had one very practical purpose, navigation. Ancient mariners used stars such as the North Star and the Southern Cross to work out where in the ocean they were. With the advent of modern methods (the most up to date of which is GPS) navigating by the stars fell by the wayside. Now a new method that combines the ancient idea of stellar aids to navigation with some of the principles of GPS has been suggested to accurately determine the position of spacecraft, and i........ Read more »
Mike Georg Bernhardt, Tobias Prinz, Werner Becker, & Ulrich Walter. (2010) Timing X-ray Pulsars with Application to Spacecraft Navigation. Proceedings of Science. arXiv: 1011.5095v1
Phil Jones has put on weight again. He must also not take drugs anymore; he looks almost as healthy as a year ago. In general, he believes the worst is behind him. This you can read at the first anniversary … Continue reading →... Read more »
Special issue From European Journal Of Criminology This ‘criminal careers’ special issue showcases some of the best studies by respected European researchers exploring engagement in crime over the life course. Attention to the subject has been prompted by renewed interest in why people stop offending, and the processes by which they are rehabilitated or resettled [...]... Read more »
Farrall, S. (2010) European criminal careers research: an introduction to the special issue. European Journal of Criminology, 7(6), 419-423. DOI: 10.1177/1477370810376566
Galloway, T., & Skardhamar, T. (2010) Does parental income matter for onset of offending?. European Journal of Criminology, 7(6), 424-441. DOI: 10.1177/1477370810376569
Savolainen, J., Hurtig, T., Ebeling, H., Moilanen, I., Hughes, L., & Taanila, A. (2010) Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and criminal behaviour: the role of adolescent marginalization. European Journal of Criminology, 7(6), 442-459. DOI: 10.1177/1477370810376568
What defines a crisis? Are there different types of crises? In this article, crises are classified according to how predictable and influenceable they are. This generates four types of crises: Conventional, Unexpected, Intractable and Fundamental crisis. » Read more » » »
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This is part of a title of a commentary in the JAMA. Would have reacted in the JAMA but found my blog more appropriate. The subtitle is a neurobiological perspective. This commentary does provide an update on the neurobiological findings on empathy but they’re not new and can also be read on this blog. What [...]
Related posts:Patient Doctor Relationship Series: Empathy
Patient Doctor Relationship: Can We Teach Empathy at Med School?
Empathy for the Mentally Ill in Medical Education
... Read more »
Riess, H. (2010) Empathy in Medicine--A Neurobiological Perspective. JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association, 304(14), 1604-1605. DOI: 10.1001/jama.2010.1455
A group of nearly 150 scientists has signed a statement about brominated and chlorinated flame retardants (BFRs and CFRs), essentially asking for some serious thought to be given about whether we really need to be using them the way we are. BFRs and CFRs have been used in a wide range of products due to [...]... Read more »
DiGangi, J., Blum, A., Bergman, �., de Wit, C., Lucas, D., Mortimer, D., Schecter, A., Scheringer, M., Shaw, S., & Webster, T. (2010) San Antonio Statement on Brominated and Chlorinated Flame Retardants. Environmental Health Perspectives, 118(12). DOI: 10.1289/ehp.1003089
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