I came across this excellent article today on Individual behaviour change strategies. It is published in the ACSM's Health and fitness journal. It covers how to tailor physical activity behaviour change strategies to make them effective. Its full of good advice and i can see me using the advice in the future. I always get annoyed when we think that getting people through the door of a gym is the end of the journey! Thats the the start, my own area is exercise adherence and i am all too aware of........ Read more »
White, Siobhan M. B.S.; Mailey, Emily L. M.S.; McAuley, Edward. (2010) Individual behaviour change strategies. ACSM's Health , 14(1), 8-15. info:/
Expert wine tasters can supposedly tell the difference between a cheap wine and a more expensive one. But research shows that a measurable portion of the actually perceived taste difference is solely due to a neurological response to knowing the wine's price tag. So I have to ask: What is the Taste of $90?...... Read more »
Plassmann, H., O'Doherty, J., Shiv, B., & Rangel, A. (2008) Marketing actions can modulate neural representations of experienced pleasantness. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 105(3), 1050-1054. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0706929105
Japan’s aging population and the growing number of young Japanese shunning ‘3D’ jobs (dirty, dangerous and demanding) has resulted in an increasing demand for foreign nurses and eldercare workers. In response, the Japanese government has recently started to recruit nurses and allied professionals from Indonesia and the Philippines under bilateral economic partnership agreements (EPA).
These Indonesian [...]... Read more »
Piller, I . (2011) Language, Migration, and Human Rights. In Wodak, Ruth, Paul Kerswill and Barbara Johnstone. Eds. Handbook of Sociolinguistics. . info:/
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Szabo, J., Vesk, P., Baxter, P., & Possingham, H. (2010) Regional avian species declines estimated from volunteer-collected long-term data using List Length Analysis. Ecological Applications, 2147483647. DOI: 10.1890/09-0877
The oceans are the world's largest carbon sink. Are they starting to overflow?... Read more »
Le Quere, C., Rodenbeck, C., Buitenhuis, E., Conway, T., Langenfelds, R., Gomez, A., Labuschagne, C., Ramonet, M., Nakazawa, T., Metzl, N.... (2007) Saturation of the Southern Ocean CO2 Sink Due to Recent Climate Change. Science, 316(5832), 1735-1738. DOI: 10.1126/science.1136188
Cassar, N., Bender, M., Barnett, B., Fan, S., Moxim, W., Levy, H., & Tilbrook, B. (2007) The Southern Ocean Biological Response to Aeolian Iron Deposition. Science, 317(5841), 1067-1070. DOI: 10.1126/science.1144602
Dalin Shi, Yan Xu, Brian M. Hopkinson, François M. M. Morel. (2010) Effect of Ocean Acidification on Iron Availability to Marine Phytoplankton. Science, 327(5966), 676-679. info:/10.1126/science.1183517
Riebesell U, Zondervan I, Rost B, Tortell PD, Zeebe RE, & Morel FM. (2000) Reduced calcification of marine plankton in response to increased atmospheric CO2. Nature, 407(6802), 364-7. PMID: 11014189
PECK, L., BARNES, D., COOK, A., FLEMING, A., & CLARKE, A. (2009) Negative feedback in the cold: ice retreat produces new carbon sinks in Antarctica. Global Change Biology. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.02071.x
Cohn et al. (2010) make some links between men's emotional (dys)regulation, restrictive emotionality and hitting people.... Read more »
Cohn, A., Jakupcak, M., Seibert, L., Hildebrandt, T., & Zeichner, A. (2010) The role of emotion dysregulation in the association between men’s restrictive emotionality and use of physical aggression. Psychology of Men , 11(1), 53-64. DOI: 10.1037/a0018090
Tas van Ommen and Vin Morgan, of the Australian Antarctic Division, published a paper ‘Snowfall increase in coastal East Antarctica linked with southwest Western Australian drought’ in Nature Geosciences.Turns out that this region of Australia has been facing a 40-year drought which was attributed to several factors, such as ‘natural variability, changes in land use, ocean temperatures and atmospheric circulation’. After evaluating the precipitation records of the two regions (East Antar........ Read more »
van Ommen, T., & Morgan, V. (2010) Snowfall increase in coastal East Antarctica linked with southwest Western Australian drought. Nature Geoscience, 3(4), 267-272. DOI: 10.1038/ngeo761
What a great study.The authors analyzed the television viewing habits of 2,037 children between the ages of 0 and 12 back and the outcome they were interested in was BMI. Parents were given diaries where they tracked among other things the format of the television their children watched. Formats could be educational viewing on broadcast or cable (shows like Sesame Street), education viewing on DVD or video (same shows as on cable but without advertisements), children's entertainment viewing on........ Read more »
Zimmerman, F., & Bell, J. (2009) Associations of Television Content Type and Obesity in Children. American Journal of Public Health, 100(2), 334-340. DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.2008.155119
What happens to a wetland when you construct a dyke and cut off tidal flow for over two decades? Silvia Ibarra-Obando and fellow researchers looked at the effects of 22 years worth of tidal exclusion on Estero de Punta Banda, an arid estuary 120 km south of the U.S.-Mexico border...... Read more »
Ibarra-Obando, S., Poumian-Tapia, M., & Morzaria-Luna, H. (2010) Long-Term Effects of Tidal Exclusion on Salt Marsh Plain Species at Estero de Punta Banda, Baja California. Estuaries and Coasts. DOI: 10.1007/s12237-009-9253-x
Yesterday we learned that the most well-characterized mammalian sirtuin, SIRT1, is involved in the control of behavior in response to food availability. SIRT1 is just one of seven sirtuins in mammalian genomes, each of which has a characteristic expression pattern, subcellular localization, and physiological importance.
Today we’re going to talk about another member of the [...]... Read more »
Kim, H., Patel, K., Muldoon-Jacobs, K., Bisht, K., Aykin-Burns, N., Pennington, J., van der Meer, R., Nguyen, P., Savage, J., & Owens, K. (2010) SIRT3 Is a Mitochondria-Localized Tumor Suppressor Required for Maintenance of Mitochondrial Integrity and Metabolism during Stress. Cancer Cell, 17(1), 41-52. DOI: 10.1016/j.ccr.2009.11.023
Figure 1. Schematic diagram of the radiofrequency ablation device, adapted from surgical oncology procedures to apply a focal high frequency alternating current to the region of the amygdala.Alternatively, a gamma knife-like TMS application, slyly incorporated into a metal detector, temporarily deactivates the amygdala when each customer enters the casino.Figure 2. Adjustable transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) helmet incorporated into a Metor 200 Walk-Thru Metal Detector.What was the inspir........ Read more »
If you're interested in something out of the ordinary, astronomically speaking, the best place to look for the exotic may be as far away (in both space and time) as possible.Perhaps that's why I like to consider really far out stuff, like the most distant gamma-ray burst seen yet. Or maybe I just like to get away from the depressing chaos and confusion of "modern" life.In any case, there's always something new, just beyond the farthest thing we've seen yet. That far-out gamma-ray burst (GRB 0904........ Read more »
R. J. Bouwens, G. D. Illingworth, I. Labbe, P. A. Oesch, M. Carollo, M. Trenti, P. G. van Dokkum, M. Franx, M. Stiavelli, V. Gonzalez.... (2009) Constraints on the First Galaxies: z~10 Galaxy Candidates from HST WFC3/IR. Nature. arXiv: 0912.4263v2
What is the origin story of deep-sea organisms? For decades, we thought shallow coastal waters were the cradle of marine life repeatedly pumping species into the deep. This is the simplest story. The more complex origin story involves multiple anoxic events, catastrophic events, survival of the fittest, so on and so forth with species originating [...]... Read more »
Lindner, A., Cairns, S., & Cunningham, C. (2008) From Offshore to Onshore: Multiple Origins of Shallow-Water Corals from Deep-Sea Ancestors. PLoS ONE, 3(6). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0002429
Inoue, J., Miya, M., Miller, M., Sado, T., Hanel, R., Hatooka, K., Aoyama, J., Minegishi, Y., Nishida, M., & Tsukamoto, K. (2010) Deep-ocean origin of the freshwater eels. Biology Letters. DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2009.0989
Raupach, M., Mayer, C., Malyutina, M., & Wägele, J. (2009) Multiple origins of deep-sea Asellota (Crustacea: Isopoda) from shallow waters revealed by molecular data. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 276(1658), 799-808. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2008.1063
Raupach, M., Malyutina, M., Brandt, A., & Wägele, J. (2007) Molecular data reveal a highly diverse species flock within the munnopsoid deep-sea isopod Betamorpha fusiformis (Barnard, 1920) (Crustacea: Isopoda: Asellota) in the Southern Ocean. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 54(16-17), 1820-1830. DOI: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2007.07.009
Lane, N., Allen, J., & Martin, W. (2010) How did LUCA make a living? Chemiosmosis in the origin of life. BioEssays. DOI: 10.1002/bies.200900131
Researchers at MIT have identified a gene, DISC1, implicated in the neural and behavioral psychopathology of schizophrenia.... Read more »
Mao Y, Ge X, Frank CL, Madison JM, Koehler AN, Doud MK, Tassa C, Berry EM, Soda T, Singh KK.... (2009) Disrupted in schizophrenia 1 regulates neuronal progenitor proliferation via modulation of GSK3beta/beta-catenin signaling. Cell, 136(6), 1017-31. PMID: 19303846
How Much Is Decided Even Before Birth?
“The daughter of Virata… (was) exceedingly afflicted by grief on account of the death of her husband…they all feared that the embryo in her womb might be destroyed.” – The Mahabharata (~500 BC).
This quote from the Mahabharata, and many other examples from literature, reiterate the sentiment that the emotional [...]... Read more »
DiPietro, J., Novak, M., Costigan, K., Atella, L., & Reusing, S. (2006) Maternal Psychological Distress During Pregnancy in Relation to Child Development at Age Two. Child Development, 77(3), 573-587. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2006.00891.x
You might have seen news reports about a recent study showing that religious people are no healthier than non-religious. The cynical among you might be wondering what on Earth's going on here, given that other studies have shown the opposite! A classic example of scientists proving whatever they want to, perhaps?Well, no. There's a good reason that this study has found something different, and that's because it's not asking quite the same question.You see, working out the relationship between re........ Read more »
Feinstein M, Liu K, Ning H, Fitchett G, & Lloyd-Jones DM. (2010) Burden of cardiovascular risk factors, subclinical atherosclerosis, and incident cardiovascular events across dimensions of religiosity: the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis. Circulation, 121(5), 659-66. PMID: 20100975
Significant p-values. For so many scientists using statistics, this is your lord. Your master. Heck, it has its own facebook group filed under religious affiliations (ok, so, maybe I created that.) And it is a concept to whose slavish devotion we may have sacrificed a good bit of forward progress [...]... Read more »
Hurlbert, S. H., & Lombardi, C. M. (2009) Final collapse of the Neyman-Pearson decision theoretic framework and rise of the neoFisherian. Annales Zoologici Fennici, 311-349. info:/
by Vincent Racaniello in virology blog
A new retrovirus, xenotropic murine leukaemia virus-related virus (XMRV), first identified in tumor tissue of individuals with prostate cancer, was subsequently found in 68 of 101 US patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). XMRV was not detected in blood samples of 186 confirmed CFS patients in the United Kingdom. A second independent study in the [...]... Read more »
Harriet C T Groom, Virginie C Boucherit, Kerry Makinson, Edward Randal, Sarah Baptista, Suzanne Hagan, John W Gow, Frank M Mattes, Judith Breuer, Jonathan R Kerr.... (2010) Absence of xenotropic murine leukaemia virus-related virus in UK patients with chronic fatigue syndrome. Retrovirology. info:/10.1186/1742-4690-7-10
Imagine a child who gets good grades in school, listens well to his teacher, and is commended for his good behavior in the classroom. Then slowly, his grades start to decline, he grows moodier, and his teacher reports that his attention often drifts in class. The parents are stumped - they can’t think of anything [...]... Read more »
Kheirandish-Gozal, L., de Jong, M., Spruyt, K., Chamuleau, S., & Gozal, D. (2010) Obstructive sleep apnoea is associated with impaired pictorial memory task acquisition and retention in children. European Respiratory Journal. DOI: 10.1183/09031936.00114209
For most of my clinical working life the focus in pain management has been on factors that identify people who have a high risk of developing long-term disability associated with their pain. The tide is turning, though, and increasingly we’re seeing papers published that look instead at treatment provider attitudes, beliefs and behaviours as [...]... Read more »
Bowey-Morris, J., Purcell-Jones, G., & Watson, P. (2010) Test-Retest Reliability of the Pain Attitudes and Beliefs Scale and Sensitivity to Change in a General Practitioner Population. The Clinical Journal of Pain, 26(2), 144-152. DOI: 10.1097/AJP.0b013e3181bada3d
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