Post List

  • February 16, 2010
  • 11:57 AM

Individual behaviour change strategies

by PhD Blogger in Exercise Psychology

I came across this excellent article today on Individual behaviour change strategies. It is published in the ACSM's Health and fitness journal. It covers how to tailor physical activity behaviour change strategies to make them effective. Its full of good advice and i can see me using the advice in the future. I always get annoyed when we think that getting people through the door of a gym is the end of the journey! Thats the the start, my own area is exercise adherence and i am all too aware of........ Read more »

White, Siobhan M. B.S.; Mailey, Emily L. M.S.; McAuley, Edward. (2010) Individual behaviour change strategies. ACSM's Health , 14(1), 8-15. info:/

  • February 16, 2010
  • 10:34 AM

Do Price Tags Have a Taste of Their Own?

by Daniel Hawes in Ingenious Monkey | 20-two-5

Expert wine tasters can supposedly tell the difference between a cheap wine and a more expensive one. But research shows that a measurable portion of the actually perceived taste difference is solely due to a neurological response to knowing the wine's price tag. So I have to ask: What is the Taste of $90?...... Read more »

Plassmann, H., O'Doherty, J., Shiv, B., & Rangel, A. (2008) Marketing actions can modulate neural representations of experienced pleasantness. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 105(3), 1050-1054. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0706929105  

  • February 16, 2010
  • 08:56 AM

Foreign nurses face the Kanji hurdle

by Kimie Takahashi in Language on the Move

Japan’s aging population and the growing number of young Japanese shunning ‘3D’ jobs (dirty, dangerous and demanding) has resulted in an increasing demand for foreign nurses and eldercare workers. In response, the Japanese government has recently started to recruit nurses and allied professionals from Indonesia and the Philippines under bilateral economic partnership agreements (EPA).
These Indonesian [...]... Read more »

Piller, I . (2011) Language, Migration, and Human Rights. In Wodak, Ruth, Paul Kerswill and Barbara Johnstone. Eds. Handbook of Sociolinguistics. . info:/

  • February 16, 2010
  • 08:00 AM

Citizen science: using birder lists to detect species decline

by Rob Goldstein in Conservation Maven

... Read more »

  • February 16, 2010
  • 06:43 AM

Getting a sinking feeling yet?

by Stephen in Demon-haunted World

The oceans are the world's largest carbon sink. Are they starting to overflow?... Read more »

Le Quere, C., Rodenbeck, C., Buitenhuis, E., Conway, T., Langenfelds, R., Gomez, A., Labuschagne, C., Ramonet, M., Nakazawa, T., Metzl, N.... (2007) Saturation of the Southern Ocean CO2 Sink Due to Recent Climate Change. Science, 316(5832), 1735-1738. DOI: 10.1126/science.1136188  

Cassar, N., Bender, M., Barnett, B., Fan, S., Moxim, W., Levy, H., & Tilbrook, B. (2007) The Southern Ocean Biological Response to Aeolian Iron Deposition. Science, 317(5841), 1067-1070. DOI: 10.1126/science.1144602  

Sunda WG. (2010) Iron and the carbon pump. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5966), 654-5. PMID: 20133563  

Dalin Shi, Yan Xu, Brian M. Hopkinson, François M. M. Morel. (2010) Effect of Ocean Acidification on Iron Availability to Marine Phytoplankton. Science, 327(5966), 676-679. info:/10.1126/science.1183517

Riebesell U, Zondervan I, Rost B, Tortell PD, Zeebe RE, & Morel FM. (2000) Reduced calcification of marine plankton in response to increased atmospheric CO2. Nature, 407(6802), 364-7. PMID: 11014189  

  • February 16, 2010
  • 06:32 AM

Men Who Can't Stop Hitting People

by Ultimo167 in Strong Silent Types

Cohn et al. (2010) make some links between men's emotional (dys)regulation, restrictive emotionality and hitting people.... Read more »

  • February 16, 2010
  • 06:27 AM

Paper of the Week: The link between snowfall increase in Antarctica and drought in southwest Western Australia

by Sarah Stephen in An ecological oratorio

Tas van Ommen and Vin Morgan, of the Australian Antarctic Division, published a paper ‘Snowfall increase in coastal East Antarctica linked with southwest Western Australian drought’ in Nature Geosciences.Turns out that this region of Australia has been facing a 40-year drought which was attributed to several factors, such as ‘natural variability, changes in land use, ocean temperatures and atmospheric circulation’. After evaluating the precipitation records of the two regions (East Antar........ Read more »

  • February 16, 2010
  • 05:30 AM

Are TV commercials solely responsible for screen time weight?

by Yoni Freedhoff in Weighty Matters

What a great study.The authors analyzed the television viewing habits of 2,037 children between the ages of 0 and 12 back and the outcome they were interested in was BMI. Parents were given diaries where they tracked among other things the format of the television their children watched. Formats could be educational viewing on broadcast or cable (shows like Sesame Street), education viewing on DVD or video (same shows as on cable but without advertisements), children's entertainment viewing on........ Read more »

  • February 16, 2010
  • 05:00 AM

The impact of tidal flow restrictions on arid marshes

by Rob Goldstein in Conservation Maven

What happens to a wetland when you construct a dyke and cut off tidal flow for over two decades? Silvia Ibarra-Obando and fellow researchers looked at the effects of 22 years worth of tidal exclusion on Estero de Punta Banda, an arid estuary 120 km south of the U.S.-Mexico border...... Read more »

  • February 16, 2010
  • 02:52 AM

SIRT3: fighting cancer in the mitochondria

by ouroboros in Ouroboros: Research in the biology of aging

Yesterday we learned that the most well-characterized mammalian sirtuin, SIRT1, is involved in the control of behavior in response to food availability. SIRT1 is just one of seven sirtuins in mammalian genomes, each of which has a characteristic expression pattern, subcellular localization, and physiological importance.
Today we’re going to talk about another member of the [...]... Read more »

  • February 16, 2010
  • 02:06 AM

Vegas casino develops technique for unobtrusive radiofrequency ablation of the amygdala

by The Neurocritic in The Neurocritic

Figure 1. Schematic diagram of the radiofrequency ablation device, adapted from surgical oncology procedures to apply a focal high frequency alternating current to the region of the amygdala.Alternatively, a gamma knife-like TMS application, slyly incorporated into a metal detector, temporarily deactivates the amygdala when each customer enters the casino.Figure 2. Adjustable transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) helmet incorporated into a Metor 200 Walk-Thru Metal Detector.What was the inspir........ Read more »

De Martino, B., Camerer, C., & Adolphs, R. (2010) Amygdala damage eliminates monetary loss aversion. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0910230107  

  • February 15, 2010
  • 10:46 PM

Far out!

by Charles Daney in Science and Reason

If you're interested in something out of the ordinary, astronomically speaking, the best place to look for the exotic may be as far away (in both space and time) as possible.Perhaps that's why I like to consider really far out stuff, like the most distant gamma-ray burst seen yet. Or maybe I just like to get away from the depressing chaos and confusion of "modern" life.In any case, there's always something new, just beyond the farthest thing we've seen yet. That far-out gamma-ray burst (GRB 0904........ Read more »

R. J. Bouwens, G. D. Illingworth, I. Labbe, P. A. Oesch, M. Carollo, M. Trenti, P. G. van Dokkum, M. Franx, M. Stiavelli, V. Gonzalez.... (2009) Constraints on the First Galaxies: z~10 Galaxy Candidates from HST WFC3/IR. Nature. arXiv: 0912.4263v2

  • February 15, 2010
  • 10:31 PM

Reconsidering the Origins of Marine Life and All Life

by Dr. M in Deep Sea News

What is the origin story of deep-sea organisms? For decades, we thought shallow coastal waters were the cradle of marine life repeatedly pumping species into the deep.  This is the simplest story.  The more complex origin story involves multiple anoxic events, catastrophic events, survival of the fittest, so on and so forth with species originating [...]... Read more »

Inoue, J., Miya, M., Miller, M., Sado, T., Hanel, R., Hatooka, K., Aoyama, J., Minegishi, Y., Nishida, M., & Tsukamoto, K. (2010) Deep-ocean origin of the freshwater eels. Biology Letters. DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2009.0989  

  • February 15, 2010
  • 09:00 PM

DISC1 and Schizophrenia

by Allison in Dormivigilia

Researchers at MIT have identified a gene, DISC1, implicated in the neural and behavioral psychopathology of schizophrenia.... Read more »

  • February 15, 2010
  • 07:26 PM

Carving Personalities From The Womb

by Akshat Rathi in Contemplation

How Much Is Decided Even Before Birth?
“The daughter of Virata… (was) exceedingly afflicted by grief on account of the death of her husband…they all feared that the embryo in her womb might be destroyed.” – The Mahabharata (~500 BC).

This quote from the Mahabharata, and many other examples from literature, reiterate the sentiment that the emotional [...]... Read more »

  • February 15, 2010
  • 04:55 PM

Religion makes you a fat non-smoker

by Tom Rees in Epiphenom

You might have seen news reports about a recent study showing that religious people are no healthier than non-religious. The cynical among you might be wondering what on Earth's going on here, given that other studies have shown the opposite! A classic example of scientists proving whatever they want to, perhaps?Well, no. There's a good reason that this study has found something different, and that's because it's not asking quite the same question.You see, working out the relationship between re........ Read more »

  • February 15, 2010
  • 04:41 PM

Viva la Neo-Fisherian Liberation Front!

by jebyrnes in I'm a chordata, urochordata!

Significant p-values. For so many scientists using statistics, this is your lord. Your master. Heck, it has its own facebook group filed under religious affiliations (ok, so, maybe I created that.) And it is a concept to whose slavish devotion we may have sacrificed a good bit of forward progress [...]... Read more »

Hurlbert, S. H., & Lombardi, C. M. (2009) Final collapse of the Neyman-Pearson decision theoretic framework and rise of the neoFisherian. Annales Zoologici Fennici, 311-349. info:/

  • February 15, 2010
  • 03:07 PM

XMRV not found in 170 additional UK chronic fatigue syndrome patients

by Vincent Racaniello in virology blog

A new retrovirus, xenotropic murine leukaemia virus-related virus (XMRV), first identified in tumor tissue of individuals with prostate cancer, was subsequently found in 68 of 101 US patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). XMRV was not detected in blood samples of 186 confirmed CFS patients in the United Kingdom. A second independent study in the [...]... Read more »

Harriet C T Groom, Virginie C Boucherit, Kerry Makinson, Edward Randal, Sarah Baptista, Suzanne Hagan, John W Gow, Frank M Mattes, Judith Breuer, Jonathan R Kerr.... (2010) Absence of xenotropic murine leukaemia virus-related virus in UK patients with chronic fatigue syndrome. Retrovirology. info:/10.1186/1742-4690-7-10

  • February 15, 2010
  • 03:00 PM

Better Sleep, Better Learning?

by Rob Mitchum in ScienceLife

Imagine a child who gets good grades in school, listens well to his teacher, and is commended for his good behavior in the classroom. Then slowly, his grades start to decline, he grows moodier, and his teacher reports that his attention often drifts in class. The parents are stumped - they can’t think of anything [...]... Read more »

  • February 15, 2010
  • 01:37 PM

Here’s looking at us

by Bronwyn Thompson in Healthskills: Skills for Healthy Living

For most of my clinical working life the focus in pain management has been on factors that identify people who have a high risk of developing long-term disability associated with their pain. The tide is turning, though, and increasingly we’re seeing papers published that look instead at treatment provider attitudes, beliefs and behaviours as [...]... Read more »

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