Buying counterfeits might be cheaper than buying original brand names, but wearing counterfeit products might have a different cost: Your honesty and your perception of other people's honesty...... Read more »
Gino F, Norton MI, & Ariely D. (2010) The counterfeit self: the deceptive costs of faking it. Psychological science : a journal of the American Psychological Society / APS, 21(5), 712-20. PMID: 20483851
What do brains and computer chips have in common? Not that much. Sure both use electricity, but in neurons the origin of electrical pulses is chemical while for computer chips it comes from electrical currents. Neurons are highly plastic, rearranging their connections to adapt to new information while computer chips are locked in their arrangement for their entire existence. But one thing they do share is the pattern of connections in their overall structure, [...]... Read more »
Bassett, D., Greenfield, D., Meyer-Lindenberg, A., Weinberger, D., Moore, S., & Bullmore, E. (2010) Efficient Physical Embedding of Topologically Complex Information Processing Networks in Brains and Computer Circuits. PLoS Computational Biology, 6(4). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000748
Lynden Miles (University of Aberdeen, United Kingdom) and coworkers have added to research on how different neural processes are linked together, useful for understanding certain disorders or injuries of the brain. This news feature was written on May 26, 2010.... Read more »
Miles, L. K., Karpinska, K., Lumsden, J., & Macrae, C. N. (2010) The Meandering Mind: Vection and Mental Time Travel. PLoS ONE, 5(5). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0010825
The median age of death if you are a drug user living in the NW of England in the 21st century is 41.4 years. Just to add a little international colour to that statistic let’s put that in a global context: the life expectancy in Afghanistan is 43.8 years and only one country (out of 195) [...]... Read more »
Beynon C, McVeigh J, Hurst A, & Marr A. (2010) Older and sicker: Changing mortality of drug users in treatment in the North West of England. The International journal on drug policy. PMID: 20172707
Partula spp. from Society Islands. Photo Credit: Marc Agren
In a short, but sweet, paper by Lee et al. published in the Current Biology, there is a “glimmer of hope” for montane tahitian tree snails (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Partulidae, Partula spp.). They examined the mitochondrial haplotype diversity of tree snail specimens locked away [...]... Read more »
LEE, T., BURCH, J., JUNG, Y., COOTE, T., PEARCEKELLY, P., & OFOIGHIL, D. (2007) Tahitian tree snail mitochondrial clades survived recent mass extirpation. Current Biology, 17(13). DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2007.05.006
Obviously Corporate Strategy should have an effect on the supply chain network design and its parameters. In their exploratory study Demeter, Gelei and Jenei (2006) show two examples of how supply chains are affected by different corporate strategies.... Read more »
DEMETER, K., GELEI, A., & JENEI, I. (2006) The effect of strategy on supply chain configuration and management practices on the basis of two supply chains in the Hungarian automotive industry. International Journal of Production Economics, 104(2), 555-570. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpe.2006.05.002
By Hannah Dunbar (Brain Post Note: Hannah Dunbar is a Oral Roberts University undergraduate student who is doing a summer research elective with me. She will be providing some guest posts over the next two months related to her interest in sleep and bipolar disorder.) Bipolar disorder is commonly characterized by sleep fluctations and distrubance of a regular circadian rhythm. It is logical to explore the role of circadian clock genes in bipolar disorder genetic studies. Pediatric bipolar dis........ Read more »
McGrath, C., Glatt, S., Sklar, P., Le-Niculescu, H., Kuczenski, R., Doyle, A., Biederman, J., Mick, E., Faraone, S., Niculescu, A.... (2009) Evidence for genetic association of RORB with bipolar disorder. BMC Psychiatry, 9(1), 70. DOI: 10.1186/1471-244X-9-70
Ogden CA, Rich ME, Schork NJ, Paulus MP, Geyer MA, Lohr JB, Kuczenski R, & Niculescu AB. (2004) Candidate genes, pathways and mechanisms for bipolar (manic-depressive) and related disorders: an expanded convergent functional genomics approach. Molecular psychiatry, 9(11), 1007-29. PMID: 15314610
Last week, the world learned of the first living organism that carries a synthetic genome. That that same genome contains the nucleic equivalents of both graffiti and poetry is less known…
Unless you’ve been avoiding all science news since last week, you’ve been bombarded by news of the creation of the first ’synthetic cell’ by scientists [...]... Read more »
Gibson, D., Glass, J., Lartigue, C., Noskov, V., Chuang, R., Algire, M., Benders, G., Montague, M., Ma, L., Moodie, M.... (2010) Creation of a Bacterial Cell Controlled by a Chemically Synthesized Genome. Science. DOI: 10.1126/science.1190719
A critical step in the design of any clinical trial is picking the right primary endpoint, the result that will usually make or break the study. That’s more difficult than it sounds - one’s hope is to cure a disease or relieve a patient’s symptoms, but choosing the best specific measure for those goals is [...]... Read more »
, . (2010) A Controlled Trial of Sildenafil in Advanced Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis. New England Journal of Medicine. DOI: 10.1056/nejmoa1002110
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A new paper by Ben Bashat et al extends their earlier findings that had found that there was accelerated maturation of white matter in children with Autism. In this new paper they use Tract Based Spatial statistics (TBSS) to determine the white matter integrity of children (age around 3 years) with Autism as More >Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast)
Related posts:Creativity-psychosis linkage via reduced white matter /myelination I have been following........ Read more »
Weinstein, M., Ben-Sira, L., Levy, Y., Zachor, D., Itzhak, E., Artzi, M., Tarrasch, R., Eksteine, P., Hendler, T., & Bashat, D. (2010) Abnormal white matter integrity in young children with autism. Human Brain Mapping. DOI: 10.1002/hbm.21042
Ben Bashat, D., Kronfeld-Duenias, V., Zachor, D., Ekstein, P., Hendler, T., Tarrasch, R., Even, A., Levy, Y., & Ben Sira, L. (2007) Accelerated maturation of white matter in young children with autism: A high b value DWI study. NeuroImage, 37(1), 40-47. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2007.04.060
Jung, R., Grazioplene, R., Caprihan, A., Chavez, R., & Haier, R. (2010) White Matter Integrity, Creativity, and Psychopathology: Disentangling Constructs with Diffusion Tensor Imaging. PLoS ONE, 5(3). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0009818
The skeleton of Palaeobatrachus from Lake Enspel, Germany. From Wuttke and Poschmann, 2010.
In On the Origin of Species, Charles Darwin said of the fossil record:
For my part, following out Lyell's metaphor, I look at the natural geological record, as a history of the world imperfectly kept, and written in a changing dialect; of this history we possess the last volume alone, relating only to two or three countries. Of this volume, only here and there a short chapter has been preserved; an........ Read more »
Wuttke, M., & Poschmann, M. (2010) First finding of fish in the diet of a water-dwelling extinct frog Palaeobatrachus from the Upper Oligocene Fossil-Lagerstätte Enspel (Westerwald Mountains, Western Germany). Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments, 90(1), 59-64. DOI: 10.1007/s12549-009-0019-z
Protected areas can improve local economies
... Read more »
Andam, K.S. et al. (2010) Protected areas reduced poverty in Costa Rica and Thailand. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0914177107
Soffer (2010) thinks that men do 'type 1' health-promoting behaviours (exercise, diet and not snacking) better than women, although he claims that women are better at 'type 2' health-promoting behaviours (not smoking or drinking, sleeping well and eating breakfast) than men. But who gets stressed more?... Read more »
Soffer, M. (2010) The role of stress in the relationships between gender and health-promoting behaviours. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences. DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-6712.2009.00751.x
Meet the ballistics experts of the bug world: A quick draw beetle that fires volatile liquids with the pulse of a Tommy Gun, aphids that self-combust at the threat of a predator and a double-pistoled worm that sprays its victim with streams of goo. Of course, these insects are not the only invertebrates carrying chemical artillery—bees are maybe the most famous projectile-launching bugs around. The below insects, however, give a unique look into chemical warfare on a small scale.
... Read more »
Eisner, T. (1999) Spray aiming in the bombardier beetle: Photographic evidence. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 96(17), 9705-9709. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.96.17.9705
Kazana, E., Pope, T., Tibbles, L., Bridges, M., Pickett, J., Bones, A., Powell, G., & Rossiter, J. (2007) The cabbage aphid: a walking mustard oil bomb. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 274(1623), 2271-2277. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2007.0237
Benkendorff, K., Beardmore, K., Gooley, A., Packer, N., & Tait, N. (1999) Characterisation of the slime gland secretion from the peripatus, Euperipatoides kanangrensis (Onychophora: Peripatopsidae). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part B: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 124(4), 457-465. DOI: 10.1016/S0305-0491(99)00145-5
Recently, I wrote why “super” fruits are no better than regular fruit. Among those reasons, is because constituents in fruit have other discovered roles beside functioning as antioxidants, and in vitro antioxidant activity does not measure these. I do not think antioxidant activity is a major reason why fruits are good for us.
A recent study [...]... Read more »
Milbury PE, Vita JA, & Blumberg JB. (2010) Anthocyanins are Bioavailable in Humans following an Acute Dose of Cranberry Juice. The Journal of nutrition, 140(6), 1099-104. PMID: 20375263
In today’s tip I’d like to introduce you to the Cancer Genome Workbench, or CGWB. The workbench gathers cancer information from a wide variety of projects including Johns Hopkins University and GlaxoSmithKline Cancer Cell Line Genomic Profiling Data, NCI’s Therapeutically Applicable Research to Generate Effective Treatment (TARGET), NHGRI’s Tumor Sequencing Project (TSP), The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), and the Sanger Center’s COSMIC initiative and presents the cum........ Read more »
Zhang, J., Finney, R., Rowe, W., Edmonson, M., Yang, S., Dracheva, T., Jen, J., Struewing, J., & Buetow, K. (2007) Systematic analysis of genetic alterations in tumors using Cancer Genome WorkBench (CGWB). Genome Research, 17(7), 1111-1117. DOI: 10.1101/gr.5963407
Standardized tests are supposed to measure innate abilities. The subject of your last conversation, the lead story on the news last night, the pictures on the wall at the test site—this trivia is presumed to have zero impact on your score in geometry or chemistry. Trouble is, it's increasingly clear that this presumption is simply false. Case in point: This study, published in last month's Journal of Social Psychology, which erased the usual gender gap in high-school chemistry ........ Read more »
Good, J., Woodzicka, J., & Wingfield, L. (2010) The Effects of Gender Stereotypic and Counter-Stereotypic Textbook Images on Science Performance. The Journal of Social Psychology, 150(2), 132-147. DOI: 10.1080/00224540903366552
The perspective that whales, dolphins, and other such marine mammals should be afforded "human rights" has surfaced again.
I thought I'd revisit a post I wrote about this several months ago, from the archives, when this first hit the news after the AAAS conference in San Diego. So here's a modified, updated version of the original post.
The blogosphere is all a-twitter with talk of the recent commentary in Science that dolphins should be considered people. Well, sort of people. Non-human peopl........ Read more »
Canadian scientists have developed an index for assessing rivers' ecological health after dams or other human impacts have altered flow patterns. The index is based on the sensitivity of macroinvertebrates to river flow...... Read more »
Armanini, D., Horrigan, N., Monk, W., Peters, D., & Baird, D. (2010) Development of a benthic macroinvertebrate flow sensitivity index for Canadian rivers. River Research and Applications. DOI: 10.1002/rra.1389
Do you think you’re good at understanding people by looking them in the eye? This skill is not only important for making money playing poker but for social situations, relationships and everyday professional interactions.Recently, scientific interest in mindreading by looking others in the eye has increased, mainly within the context of ‘theory of mind’ – the general capacity to understand one’s own and other people’s mental states (e.g. emotions, desires, beliefs). A test that is co........ Read more »
Castelli I, Baglio F, Blasi V, Alberoni M, Falini A, Liverta-Sempio O, Nemni R, & Marchetti A. (2010) Effects of aging on mindreading ability through the eyes: An fMRI study. Neuropsychologia. PMID: 20457166
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