Post List

  • September 23, 2014
  • 01:55 PM
  • 180 views

Lie Detection using Brain Waves: It’s just as creepy as it sounds…

by Gabriel in Lunatic Laboratories

Currently lie detectors (polygraphs) are not admissible in court, this is because (despite what you may read) there is little proof to show that they are much better than a guess — coming in at roughly 50% accuracy. They aren’t really based in science, making them more of a toy. There might just be a new contender in the lie detection department coming soon however, researchers have found that brain activity can be used to tell whether someone recognizes details they encountered in normal, d........ Read more »

  • September 23, 2014
  • 09:38 AM
  • 152 views

Maternal iron intake and offspring autism risk

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

Much like the discussions around the paper by Rogers and colleagues (see here) on treating autism in the first year of life, the media scrum around the findings from Rebecca Schmidt and colleagues [1] talking about maternal iron supplements and offspring autism spectrum disorder (ASD) risk preceded the publication of the paper by a few days. It's getting to be a pet-hate of mine that big headlines are being generated sometimes days before your average Jane or Joe can see the data upon which they........ Read more »

Rebecca J. Schmidt, Daniel J. Tancredi, Paula Krakowiak, Robin L. Hansen, & Sally Ozonoff. (2014) Maternal Intake of Supplemental Iron and Risk of Autism Spectrum Disorder. American Journal of Epidemiology. info:/doi: 10.1093/aje/kwu208

  • September 23, 2014
  • 08:51 AM
  • 114 views

Disarticulated Remains: Evidence of Ritual or Scavenging?

by Katy Meyers Emery in Bones Don't Lie

There is a joke among archaeologists about the use of the term ‘ritual’. Basically, it seems to be a common thing that when an archaeologist can’t understand a site, when […]... Read more »

  • September 23, 2014
  • 05:00 AM
  • 133 views

Gut issues in autism impacting on drug availability and absorption

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

As indicated in a recent post, I was really rather pleased to see the paper by Andrew Heitzer and colleagues [1] (open-access) asking the important question: Should clinical trial research of psychotropic medication in autism control for gastrointestinal symptoms? Some media about the study can also be found here."You write "Born to Kill" on your helmet and you wear a peace button".The answer is of course, yes and not just when it comes to psychotropic medicines either, given that gastroint........ Read more »

  • September 23, 2014
  • 04:23 AM
  • 113 views

SCM Best Paper Award Winners 2014

by Andreas Wieland in Supply Chain Management Research

This year, the CSCMP’s Annual Global Conference 2014 was held in San Antonio, Texas. The Educators’ Conference, which provides academics and students a forum to hear the latest in our research field, has become an integral part of it. As every year (see my previous post from Denver last year), several leading supply chain management […]... Read more »

Corsi, T.M., Grimm, C., Cantor, D., & Wright, D. (2014) Should Smaller Commercial Trucks Be Subject to Safety Regulations?. Transportation Journal, 53(2), 117-142. DOI: 10.5325/transportationj.53.2.0117  

Kull, T.J., Barratt, M., Sodero, A.C., & Rabinovich, E. (2013) Investigating the Effects of Daily Inventory Record Inaccuracy in Multichannel Retailing. Journal of Business Logistics, 34(3), 189-208. info:/10.1111/jbl.12019

  • September 23, 2014
  • 04:00 AM
  • 96 views

Neuroscience does not threaten people's sense of free will

by BPS Research Digest in BPS Research Digest

A key finding from neuroscience research over the last few decades is that non-conscious preparatory brain activity appears to precede the subjective feeling of making a decision. Some neuroscientists, like Sam Harris, have argued that this shows our sense of free will is an illusion. Books have even started to appear with titles like My Brain Made Me Do It: The Rise of Neuroscience and the Threat to Moral Responsibility by Eliezer J. Sternberg.However, in a new paper, a team led by Ed........ Read more »

  • September 22, 2014
  • 04:45 PM
  • 125 views

If You’re Bicultural, You Can Make it Work to Your Advantage

by Louise Rasmussen in Head Smart

There are many advantages to being bicultural. Studies have shown that biculturals are more creative and enjoy greater professional success. One of the reasons for the advantage may be that exposure to diverse beliefs and worldviews enables biculturals to consider different perspectives. This can help them come up with new ways to solve problems and […]... Read more »

  • September 22, 2014
  • 02:55 PM
  • 184 views

Spice, Kryptonite, Black Mamba – legal high marketing

by DJMac in Recovery Review

That the market for ‘legal highs’, or more accurately, new psychoactive substances (NPS) has grown there is no doubt. What’s also growing, in terms of sophistication and technique, is the marketing of these products. With NPS, things are changing so fast that the research is well behind what’s happening in real time. Business is way [...]
The post Spice, Kryptonite, Black Mamba – legal high marketing appeared first on Recovery Review.
... Read more »

  • September 22, 2014
  • 02:17 PM
  • 152 views

Autism and the Low Iron Connection

by Gabriel in Lunatic Laboratories

The topic of autism is a charged one. Maybe it’s because it isn’t a simple diagnosis; there are many roads to autism. Most of them are probably genetic, some of them are likely environmental, and none of them are related to vaccination (sorry to burst your bubble anti vax people, it’s called science). Some new research shows another possible (environmental) cause. The new study shows that mothers of children with autism are significantly less likely to report taking iron supplements before........ Read more »

Rebecca J. Schmidt et al. (2014) Maternal intake of supplemental iron and risk for autism spectrum disorders. American Journal of Epidemiology. info:/

  • September 22, 2014
  • 09:00 AM
  • 159 views

Creating The Master Breed

by Mark E. Lasbury in The 'Scope

The German nationalistic sentiment before and during World War II led to some bizarre selective breeding experiments. Two brothers, Heinz and Luke Heck tried to resurrect extinct large animals that once roamed the European forests, and they also tried to breed the perfect German hunting dog – a purely German hunting dog, of course. Whether a good idea or not, the Jadgterrier is one of the few truly healthy pure bred dogs.... Read more »

Zeyland J, Wolko L, Bocianowski J, Szalata M, Słomski R, Dzieduszycki AM, Ryba M, Przystałowska H, & Lipiński D. (2013) Complete mitochondrial genome of wild aurochs (Bos primigenius) reconstructed from ancient DNA. Polish journal of veterinary sciences, 16(2), 265-73. PMID: 23971194  

  • September 22, 2014
  • 09:00 AM
  • 99 views

Do we really prefer shocks to thoughts?

by Katharine Blackwell in Contemplating Cognition

If you found yourself left in a bland room for 15 minutes, with instructions to remain in a chair and just think, and the only alternative to just sitting and thinking was to deliver a mild electric shock to your ankle…would you shock yourself? Does the thought of being alone with your thoughts for just 15 minutes bother you enough that you’d willingly subject yourself to pain just to have some form of distraction?... Read more »

Wilson, T., Reinhard, D., Westgate, E., Gilbert, D., Ellerbeck, N., Hahn, C., Brown, C., & Shaked, A. (2014) Just think: The challenges of the disengaged mind. Science, 345(6192), 75-77. DOI: 10.1126/science.1250830  

  • September 22, 2014
  • 07:02 AM
  • 76 views

It’s 2014: Where are all the female subjects in surgical research?

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

More than two decades after the 1993 Revitalization Act was signed (stating women and minorities must be included in NIH funded research), females are still under-represented in both “basic science and translational surgical research”. The authors acknowledge that medical research on human subjects is only a small subset of all medical research. However, even those […]

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Yoon DY, Mansukhani NA, Stubbs VC, Helenowski IB, Woodruff TK, & Kibbe MR. (2014) Sex bias exists in basic science and translational surgical research. Surgery, 156(3), 508-516. PMID: 25175501  

  • September 22, 2014
  • 05:11 AM
  • 143 views

Language work in the internet café

by Ingrid Piller in Language on the Move

There is now a well-established body of work exploring the language work provided by service workers in call centres and tourist businesses. By contrast, the multilingual language work provided by migrants for migrants in multiethnic service enterprises has rarely been … Continue reading →... Read more »

Maria Sabaté i Dalmau. (2014) Migrant Communication Enterprises: Regimentation and Resistance. Multilingual Matters. info:/

  • September 22, 2014
  • 03:32 AM
  • 153 views

Omega-3 fatty acids and ADHD

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

With a title like that, this post could turn out to be quite a long winded blog entry. As it happens, I'm not going to subject you, dear reader, to such a literary onslaught but rather focus my attention on the paper by Elizabeth Hawkey & Joel Nigg [1] who undertook two meta-analyses and concluded that: "Omega-3 levels are reduced in children with ADHD [attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder]" and "Dietary supplementation appears to create modest improvements in symptoms"."Maybe the 80s wi........ Read more »

  • September 22, 2014
  • 12:05 AM
  • 130 views

Statins: Lower Cholesterol and Improve Tendon Healing While You’re at it!

by Katie Reuther in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Statins enhance rotator cuff healing following repair through stimulation of the acute inflammatory phase. Statins may be a useful modality to improve tendon healing and reduce re-tear rates.... Read more »

  • September 21, 2014
  • 10:43 PM
  • 129 views

The Short Story of Self-Control for Lawyers

by Dan DeFoe in Psycholawlogy

Juries hear the phrase “Excuse me, objection your Honor  . . . .”, or some other form, often not as polite, frequently during trials.  Due to TV and the movies, American jurors probably expect to hear the courtroom gladiator scream “I object . . . . !”   Alternatively, some lawyers ponder the dynamic flow [...]
The post The Short Story of Self-Control for Lawyers appeared first on Psycholawlogy.
... Read more »

Inzlicht, M., Legault, L., & Teper, R. (2014) Exploring the Mechanisms of Self-Control Improvement. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 23(4), 302-307. DOI: 10.1177/0963721414534256  

  • September 21, 2014
  • 10:22 PM
  • 119 views

A Short Summary of Nares Strait Physics

by Andreas Muenchow in Icy Seas

The Arctic Ocean is a puddle of water covered by ice that melts, moves, and freezes. Grand and majestic rivers of Siberia and America discharge into the puddle and make it fresher than Atlantic Ocean waters. The fate of the … Continue reading →... Read more »

  • September 21, 2014
  • 04:40 PM
  • 135 views

DICE 2014

by Marco Frasca in The Gauge Connection

I have spent this week in Castiglioncello participating to the Conference DICE 2014. This Conference is organized with a cadence of two years with the main efforts due to Thomas Elze. I have been a participant to the 2006 edition where I gave a talk about decoherence and thermodynamic limit (see here and here). This […]... Read more »

Marco Frasca. (2006) Thermodynamic Limit and Decoherence: Rigorous Results. Journal of Physics: Conference Series 67 (2007) 012026. arXiv: quant-ph/0611024v1

Ali H. Chamseddine, Alain Connes, & Viatcheslav Mukhanov. (2014) Quanta of Geometry. arXiv. arXiv: 1409.2471v3

  • September 21, 2014
  • 04:21 PM
  • 55 views

Spatial-temporal resolution plots for neuroscience methods

by Pierre Megevand in Neuroscience and Medicine

You must have seen these plots before, where the temporal resolution of various methods of probing brain function is plotted along one axis and their spatial resolution on the other. Spatial resolution is often approximated in terms of units of the nervous system (from dendritic spines through neurons and cortical columns all the way to lobes … Continue reading →... Read more »

Grinvald, A., & Hildesheim, R. (2004) VSDI: a new era in functional imaging of cortical dynamics. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 5(11), 874-885. DOI: 10.1038/nrn1536  

Devor, A., Sakadžić, S., Srinivasan, V., Yaseen, M., Nizar, K., Saisan, P., Tian, P., Dale, A., Vinogradov, S., Franceschini, M.... (2012) Frontiers in optical imaging of cerebral blood flow and metabolism. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow , 32(7), 1259-1276. DOI: 10.1038/jcbfm.2011.195  

  • September 21, 2014
  • 02:33 PM
  • 157 views

Move over Carbon nanotubes introducing Diamond nanothreads

by Gabriel in Lunatic Laboratories

Carbon nanotubes, the wave of the future. Our hopes and dreams for the future have been firmly placed in using the unique material for everything from electronics to engineering. Unfortunately the production of carbon nanotubes has been hampered by setbacks, which as it turns out might not be a bad thing. This is because for the first time, scientists have discovered how to produce ultra-thin “diamond nanothreads” that promise extraordinary properties, including strength and stiffness greate........ Read more »

Fitzgibbons, T., Guthrie, M., Xu, E., Crespi, V., Davidowski, S., Cody, G., Alem, N., & Badding, J. (2014) Benzene-derived carbon nanothreads. Nature Materials. DOI: 10.1038/nmat4088  

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