National Eating Disorder Awareness Week came and went (in the US, anyway). Posters were shared, liked, and tweeted. Pretty (but often misguided) infographics made the rounds on the internet. Local ED groups visited schools and college campuses to educate students about eating disorders. To, you know, increase awareness.
The thing is, awareness is not always a good thing. For one, as Carrie over at ED Bites mentioned, there’s a whole lot of misinformation masquerading as fact. An........ Read more »
Park, S., McSweeney, J., & Yun, G. (2009) Intervention of Eating Disorder Symptomatology Using Educational Communication Messages. Communication Research, 36(5), 677-697. DOI: 10.1177/0093650209338910
Ridolfi, D.R., & Vander Wal, J.S. (2008) Eating disorders awareness week: the effectiveness of a one-time body image dissatisfaction prevention session. Eating disorders, 16(5), 428-43. PMID: 18821366
Tillman, K.S., Arbaugh, T. Jr., & Balaban, M.S. (2012) Campus programming for National Eating Disorders Awareness Week: An investigation of stigma, help-seeking, and resource knowledge. Eating Behaviors, 13(3), 281-4. PMID: 22664413
Hi Julie,Right off the bat I need to say YES YES YES! Your last post about aggression and what we can learn from and about it WITHOUT the need to experience it was spot on. Are you THIS attached to your dog? (source)You’re also right that my head is filled with glorious meta-analysis results right now, as well as perceptions and other measures (#allthemeasures!) as I start preparing my abstracts for submission to be part of the Canine Science Forum. One of the small but quirky things........ Read more »
Dwyer Fleur, Bennett Pauleen C., & Coleman Grahame J. (2006) Development of the Monash Dog Owner Relationship Scale (MDORS). Anthrozoos: A Multidisciplinary Journal of The Interactions of People , 19(3), 243-256. DOI: 10.2752/089279306785415592
Archer John, & Ireland Jane L. (2011) The Development and Factor Structure of a Questionnaire Measure of the Strength of Attachment to Pet Dogs. Anthrozoos: A Multidisciplinary Journal of The Interactions of People , 24(3), 249-261. DOI: 10.2752/175303711X13045914865060
Handlin Linda, Nilsson Anne, Ejdebäck Mikael, Hydbring-Sandberg Eva, & Uvnäs-Moberg Kerstin. (2012) Associations between the Psychological Characteristics of the Human–Dog Relationship and Oxytocin and Cortisol Levels. Anthrozoos: A Multidisciplinary Journal of The Interactions of People , 25(2), 215-228. DOI: 10.2752/175303712X13316289505468
Physicists at the Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) envision a device that would harvest energy from Earth’s infrared emissions into outer space.... Read more »
Byrnes, S., Blanchard, R., & Capasso, F. (2014) Harvesting renewable energy from Earth's mid-infrared emissions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1402036111
by amikulak in Daily Observations
A boost to income can increase happiness to a certain degree, but research suggests how you spend your money may be equally important as the amount you have. According to […]... Read more »
Dunn, E., Aknin, L., & Norton, M. (2014) Prosocial spending and happiness: Using money to benefit others pays off. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 23(1), 41-47. DOI: 10.1177/0963721413512503
We’ve written several articles on the apparent benefits of a higher protein diet for the older athlete. Loss of muscle mass starts fairly early and loss of strength is often apparent by middle age. We do not know how much protein intake is ideal for humans. High protein diets for older people have been geared […]The post High protein diet is protective for older people, but may be unhealthy for others appeared first on WODMasters.... Read more »
Levine, M., Suarez, J., Brandhorst, S., Balasubramanian, P., Cheng, C., Madia, F., Fontana, L., Mirisola, M., Guevara-Aguirre, J., Wan, J.... (2014) Low Protein Intake Is Associated with a Major Reduction in IGF-1, Cancer, and Overall Mortality in the 65 and Younger but Not Older Population. Cell Metabolism, 19(3), 407-417. DOI: 10.1016/j.cmet.2014.02.006
Gregorio L, Brindisi J, Kleppinger A, Sullivan R, Mangano KM, Bihuniak JD, Kenny AM, Kerstetter JE, & Insogna KL. (2014) Adequate Dietary Protein is Associated with Better Physical Performance among Post-Menopausal Women 60-90 Years. The journal of nutrition, health , 18(2), 155-60. PMID: 24522467
Beasley JM, Wertheim BC, LaCroix AZ, Prentice RL, Neuhouser ML, Tinker LF, Kritchevsky S, Shikany JM, Eaton C, Chen Z.... (2013) Biomarker-calibrated protein intake and physical function in the Women's Health Initiative. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 61(11), 1863-71. PMID: 24219187
It is common knowledge that vegetarianism is more common with women. Hank Rothgerber reveals some of the underlying factors in these gender differences.Rothberger studued undergraduates and found that assertive defenses of meat eating were more common in males and associated with feelings of masculinity. Specifically more masculine indivduals were were likely to use justifications such as that eating meat is healthy, justified by religion and allowed by animals' lower status. More feminine........ Read more »
Rothgerber, H. (2013) Real men don’t eat (vegetable) quiche: Masculinity and the justification of meat consumption. Psychology of Men , 14(4), 363-375. DOI: 10.1037/a0030379
Transparent, colorful solar cells invented at the University of Michigan could one day be used to make stained-glass windows, decorations and even shades that turn the sun’s energy into electricity.... Read more »
Lee, J., Lee, K., Seo, S., & Guo, L. (2014) Decorative power generating panels creating angle insensitive transmissive colors. Scientific Reports. DOI: 10.1038/srep04192
Direct Access and the Six Month Dental recall: Taking decisions in uncertainty? This blog today is not about orthodontics, but it is about the interpretation of situations where there is a “lack of evidence” underpinning decisions. As a result, this is very relevant to all the clinical decisions that we may make in the face […]The post Direct Access and the six month dental recall: Taking decisions in uncertainty. appeared first on Kevin O'Brien's Orthodontic Blog.... Read more »
S. Turner,, S. Tripathee, & S. MacGillivray. (2013) Direct access to dental care professionals: what are the potential risks and benefits?. British Dental Journal, 577-582. DOI: 10.1038/sj.bdj.2013.1145
Riley P. (2013) Recall intervals for all health in primary care patients. Cochrane Library. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004346.pub4
It all starts with a mosquito bite. When a hungry mosquito pierces someone’s skin to gorge herself, she also pumps …Continue reading →... Read more »
Miotto O, Almagro-Garcia J, Manske M, Macinnis B, Campino S, Rockett KA, Amaratunga C, Lim P, Suon S, Sreng S.... (2013) Multiple populations of artemisinin-resistant Plasmodium falciparum in Cambodia. Nature genetics, 45(6), 648-55. PMID: 23624527
We love gadgets in EMS.
Dr. Bryan Bledsoe tells us that if we paint it orange and put a star of life on it, we can sell any product for a lot more money.
How much would you pay to not improve outcomes?
$50,000.00?... Read more »
Rubertsson S, Lindgren E, Smekal D, Östlund O, Silfverstolpe J, Lichtveld RA, Boomars R, Ahlstedt B, Skoog G, Kastberg R.... (2014) Mechanical chest compressions and simultaneous defibrillation vs conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: the LINC randomized trial. JAMA : the journal of the American Medical Association, 311(1), 53-61. PMID: 24240611
How do people coordinate their actions; how does communication work; how does it affect people; how do minds get in sync? When people communicate they do get in sync but there is no magical about this. We perceive the outside world including signals as well as scenery, we model this input and think about it, […]... Read more »
Hasson, U., Ghazanfar, A., Galantucci, B., Garrod, S., & Keysers, C. (2012) Brain-to-brain coupling: a mechanism for creating and sharing a social world. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 16(2), 114-121. DOI: 10.1016/j.tics.2011.12.007
A new study maps the spread of the potentially damaging common reed along the southern coast of Finland.... Read more »
Anas Altartouri, Leena Nurminen, & Ari Jolma. (2014) Modeling the role of the close-range effect and environmental variables in the occurrence and spread of Phragmites australis in four sites on the Finnish coast of the Gulf of Finland and the Archipelago Sea. Ecology and Evolution. info:/10.1002/ece3.986
Last fall I noticed an announcement at Biostar about an upcoming webinar that would illustrate some new features in the IGB browser. And at the time I highlighted some of their materials as our video tip that week. So for more details you can check out that overview. But recently I was told that their […]... Read more »
Nicol J. W., Helt G. A., Blanchard S. G., Raja A., & Loraine A. E. (2009) The Integrated Genome Browser: free software for distribution and exploration of genome-scale datasets. Bioinformatics, 25(20), 2730-2731. DOI: 10.1093/bioinformatics/btp472
A key to realizing commercial-scale artificial photosynthesis technology is the development of electrocatalysts that can efficiently and economically carry out water oxidation reaction that is critical to the process. Heinz Frei, a chemist with Berkeley Lab’s Physical Biosciences Division, has been at the forefront of this research effort. His latest results represent an important step forward.... Read more »
Zhang, M., de Respinis, M., & Frei, H. (2014) Time-resolved observations of water oxidation intermediates on a cobalt oxide nanoparticle catalyst. Nature Chemistry. DOI: 10.1038/nchem.1874
Arthropods have the most amazing structures and functions for taste sense. New research is showing that that insects can taste carbon dioxide, as well as DEET repellent. CO2 helps guide blood suckers to victims while DEET flavor keep mosquitoes from landing or biting.
Turnabout is fair play; caterpillars use taste to poison parasitic larvae within their body. The caterpillars switch to toxic plants when infected. On the other hand, plants can taste caterpillar saliva and initiate defensive s........ Read more »
Falik O, Mordoch Y, Quansah L, Fait A, Novoplansky A. (2011) Rumor Has It…: Relay Communication of Stress Cues in Plants. PLoS ONE, 6(11). info:/
Singer, M., Mace, K., . (2009) Self-Medication as Adaptive Plasticity: Increased Ingestion of Plant Toxins by Parasitized Caterpillars. PLoS ONE, 4(3), 4796. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0004796
Allmann S, & Baldwin IT. (2010) Insects betray themselves in nature to predators by rapid isomerization of green leaf volatiles. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5995), 1075-8. PMID: 20798319
Kwon JY, Dahanukar A, Weiss LA, & Carlson JR. (2007) The molecular basis of CO2 reception in Drosophila. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104(9), 3574-8. PMID: 17360684
Do you ever wonder how dogs are rewarded for taking part in scientific research? In some studies dogs are allowed to act naturally, but in others they need to learn something such as how to operate an apparatus they haven’t seen before, or to observe people interacting. Either way, you can’t guarantee canine cooperation. This week we thought we’d take a look at how dogs are motivated during the course of the research itself.Photo: kitty / ShutterstockNeedless to say, food is a common denom........ Read more »
Burman, O., McGowan, R., Mendl, M., Norling, Y., Paul, E., Rehn, T., & Keeling, L. (2011) Using judgement bias to measure positive affective state in dogs. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 132(3-4), 160-168. DOI: 10.1016/j.applanim.2011.04.001
Buttelmann, D., & Tomasello, M. (2012) Can domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) use referential emotional expressions to locate hidden food?. Animal Cognition, 16(1), 137-145. DOI: 10.1007/s10071-012-0560-4
Elgier, A., Jakovcevic, A., Mustaca, A., & Bentosela, M. (2009) Learning and owner–stranger effects on interspecific communication in domestic dogs (Canis familiaris). Behavioural Processes, 81(1), 44-49. DOI: 10.1016/j.beproc.2008.12.023
Feuerbacher, E., & Wynne, C. (2012) RELATIVE EFFICACY OF HUMAN SOCIAL INTERACTION AND FOOD AS REINFORCERS FOR DOMESTIC DOGS AND HAND-REARED WOLVES. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 98(1), 105-129. DOI: 10.1901/jeab.2012.98-105
Freidin E, Putrino N, D'Orazio M, & Bentosela M. (2013) Dogs' Eavesdropping from people's reactions in third party interactions. PloS one, 8(11). PMID: 24236108
Horowitz, A., Hecht, J., & Dedrick, A. (2013) Smelling more or less: Investigating the olfactory experience of the domestic dog. Learning and Motivation, 44(4), 207-217. DOI: 10.1016/j.lmot.2013.02.002
Tracy Young-Pearse (left) and Christina Muratore (right)Researchers from Harvard have successfully converted skins cells from patients with early onset Alzheimer’s into the types of neurons that are affected by the disease, making it possible for the first time to study this leading form of dementia in living human cells. The research may also help in developing therapies more quickly and accurately than before.The study, led by Tracy Young-Pearse and published in the journal Human Molecular ........ Read more »
Muratore CR, Rice HC, Srikanth P, Callahan DG, Shin T, Benjamin LN, Walsh DM, Selkoe DJ, & Young-Pearse TL. (2014) The familial Alzheimer's disease APPV717I mutation alters APP processing and Tau expression in iPSC-derived neurons. Human molecular genetics. PMID: 24524897
by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room
I did not intend to binge watch the newly-released second season of House of Cards. But once I saw the first episode, I could not stop and watched the entire season over the next 4 days. As a fellow fan, I understood Barack Obama’s tweet about the show Tomorrow: @HouseOfCards. No spoilers, please. and […]
Creativity in others makes us uncertain and anxious
How can cheating be wrong when it feels so right?
Keep your eye on this one: A Depravity Scale
... Read more »
Gino F, & Wiltermuth SS. (2014) Evil Genius? How Dishonesty Can Lead to Greater Creativity. Psychological Science. PMID: 24549296
Mitochondria are the cellular power plants, but bigger power plants are not always a good thing. Defects in the regulation of mitochondrial size and dynamics can cause neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease. Today’s image is from a paper describing an important player in mitochondrial division, or fission. Mitochondria serve as the cellular power plants due to their production of ATP, the cell’s energy source, and are quite dynamic, with fusion and fission events occurring ........ Read more »
Korobova, F., Gauvin, T., & Higgs, H. (2014) A Role for Myosin II in Mammalian Mitochondrial Fission. Current Biology, 24(4), 409-414. DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2013.12.032
The dissociative anesthetic and ravey club drug ketamine has been hailed as a possible “miracle” cure for depression. In contrast to the delayed action of standard antidepressants such as SSRIs, the uplifting effects of Special K are noticeable within an hour. “Experimental Medication Kicks Depression in Hours Instead of Weeks,” says the National Institute of Mental Health. NIMH has been bullish on ketamine for years now. Prominent researchers Duman and Aghajanian called it the “the mo........ Read more »
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