Everyone knows that exercise improves health, and ongoing research continues to uncover increasingly detailed information on its benefits for metabolism, circulation, and improved functioning of organs such as the heart, brain, and liver. With this knowledge in hand, scientists may be better equipped to develop “exercise pills” that could mimic at least some of the beneficial effects of physical exercise on the body. But a review of current development efforts ponders whether such pills will........ Read more »
Laher, & et al. (2015) Exercise Pills: At the Starting Line?. Trends in Pharmacological Sciences. info:/http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tips.2015.08.014
"Children born after an IPI [interpregnancy interval] of <12 months or ≥72 months had a 2- to 3-fold increased ASD [autism spectrum disorder] risk compared with children born after an interval of 36 to 47 months."So said the study results published by Ousseny Zerbo and colleagues  looking at the increasingly interesting area of the autism research landscape: the interpregnancy interval (the time from the birth of an index child to the next conception/pregnancy of........ Read more »
Zerbo, O., Yoshida, C., Gunderson, E., Dorward, K., & Croen, L. (2015) Interpregnancy Interval and Risk of Autism Spectrum Disorders. PEDIATRICS. DOI: 10.1542/peds.2015-1099
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Dr. David Brent MD Department of Psychiatry Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic University of Pittsburgh Medical Center Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Medical Research: What is the background for this study? Dr. Brent: Youth with a parent with a history … Continue reading →
The post Parental Depression Is Strong Predictor of Depression in Youth appeared first on MedicalResearch.com.
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Dr. David Brent MD. (2015) Parental Depression Is Strong Predictor of Depression in Youth. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Russ S. Kotwal, M.D., M.P.H. United States Army Institute of Surgical Research Joint Base San Antonio-Ft. Sam Houston Medical Research: What is the background for this study? Dr. Kotwal: The term golden hour was coined to encourage … Continue reading →
The post Battlefield Deaths Decline Since Faster Care Mandated appeared first on MedicalResearch.com.
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Russ S. Kotwal, M.D., M.P.H. (2015) Battlefield Deaths Decline Since Faster Care Became Mandated. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Austin G. Stack MD., MSc., FRCPI. Professor and Foundation Chair of Medicine, Graduate Entry Medical School (GEMS),Consultant Nephrologist, University Hospital Limerick Medical Research: What is the background for this study? Dr. Stack: Height is an important proxy for … Continue reading →
The post Tall Non-Black Dialysis Patients Die Prematurely appeared first on MedicalResearch.com.
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Austin G. Stack MD., MSc. (2015) Tall Non-Black Dialysis Patients Die Prematurely. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Dr. Mark J Bolland Associate professor of medicine Department of Medicine University of Auckland Auckland New Zealand Medical Research: What is the background for this study? Dr. Bolland: Many guidelines advise older people to take at least 1000-1200 … Continue reading →
The post Calcium Supplements Do Not Prevent Bone Fractures appeared first on MedicalResearch.com.
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Dr. Mark J Bolland. (2015) Calcium Supplements Do Not Prevent Bone Fractures. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
Well bad news for those of us who have a sweet tooth, a diet high in processed fructose sabotages rat brains’ ability to heal after head trauma, UCLA neuroscientists report. While this doesn’t necessarily translate to humans quite yet, it should still raise a few eyebrows given the results from the study.... Read more »
Rahul Agrawal, Emily Noble1, Laurent Vergnes, Zhe Ying1, Karen Reue, & Fernando Gomez-Pinilla. (2015) Dietary fructose aggravates the pathobiology of traumatic brain injury by influencing energy homeostasis and plasticity. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow . info:/10.1177/0271678X15606719
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Marte Handal PhD Division of Epidemiology Norwegian Institute of Public Health Oslo, Norway Medical Research: What is the background for this study? Dr. Handal: The prevalence of depression during pregnancy is estimated to be as high as … Continue reading →
The post What Is the Effect Of Prenatal Exposure To SSRIs? appeared first on MedicalResearch.com.
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Marte Handal PhD. (2015) What Is the Effect Of Prenatal Exposure To SSRIs?. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
Who doesn't enjoy waking to a pleasant smell wafting past? Unfortunately for them, the penguins in a recent study woke up not to pancakes frying nearby, but to less appetizing aromas—for example, feces on a stick. But scientists promise the experiment taught them valuable lessons about a penguin's capabilities. Besides, they let the birds go right back to sleep.
"Research into the sense of smell in birds has a bit of a dubious history," says Gregory Cunningham, a biologist at St. John F........ Read more »
Cunningham GB, & Bonadonna F. (2015) King penguins can detect two odours associated with conspecifics. The Journal of experimental biology. PMID: 26385329
Galileo Bust in Galileo Museum, Florence (wryates photo)There is a significant level of interest in the best behavioral activity balance in adolescents.Adolescents currently live in an environment of expanding opportunities for spending time watching TV, surfing the internet and playing video games.Understanding the best balance of study, exercise and time in front of a screen is an important topic.Kristen Corder and colleagues recently examined adolescent behavioral activity patterns and perfor........ Read more »
Corder K, Atkin AJ, Bamber DJ, Brage S, Dunn VJ, Ekelund U, Owens M, van Sluijs EM, & Goodyer IM. (2015) Revising on the run or studying on the sofa: prospective associations between physical activity, sedentary behaviour, and exam results in British adolescents. The international journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, 12(1), 106. PMID: 26337325
As a juror in a criminal trial, you are meant to make a judgment of the defendant's guilt or innocence based on the evidence and arguments presented before you. In many trials, however, alongside the facts of the case, material and statements are allowed that don't in themselves speak to the culpability of the defendant. In a murder trial, for instance, a parent may take the stand and describe how their life has been destroyed by the loss of their child (the victim in the case). Similarly, the p........ Read more »
Matsuo, K., & Itoh, Y. (2015) Effects of Emotional Testimony and Gruesome Photographs on Mock Jurors' Decisions and Negative Emotions. Psychiatry, Psychology and Law, 1-17. DOI: 10.1080/13218719.2015.1032954
Anecdotally, anyone who's spent time around toddlers knows that they mostly don't like sharing their toys. Together with research showing that toddlers, like adults, get pretty attached to their things and are reluctant to give them up, this has led to a popular belief that toddlers are selfish by nature.But a team of developmental psychologists led by Julia Ulber has published new evidence in the Journal of Experimental Child Psychology that paints a more heart-warming picture. These psychologi........ Read more »
Ulber, J., Hamann, K., & Tomasello, M. (2015) How 18- and 24-month-old peers divide resources among themselves. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 228-244. DOI: 10.1016/j.jecp.2015.07.009
My efforts turn once again to Taiwan today and the results reported by Yu-Chiau Shyu and colleagues  that: "Compared to the control group, the ADHD [attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder] group showed significantly increased risk of developing any psychotic disorder... and schizophrenia."As per the multitude of other instances where Taiwan is mentioned as a research powerhouse, the source data for the Shyu findings was the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database&n........ Read more »
Shyu YC, Yuan SS, Lee SY, Yang CJ, Yang KC, Lee TL, & Wang LJ. (2015) Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, methylphenidate use and the risk of developing schizophrenia spectrum disorders: A nationwide population-based study in Taiwan. Schizophrenia research. PMID: 26363968
In pop culture, conspiracy believers — like FBI agent Fox Mulder on The X Files or professor Robert Langdon in The Da Vinci Code — tend to reject the notion of coincidence or chance; even the most random-seeming events are thought to result from some sort of intention or design. And researchers have suggested that such a bias against randomness may explain real-world conspiracy beliefs. But new research from psychological scientists shows no evidence for a link between conspiracist thinking ........ Read more »
Dieguez, S., Wagner-Egger, P., & Gauvrit, N. (2015) Nothing Happens by Accident, or Does It? A Low Prior for Randomness Does Not Explain Belief in Conspiracy Theories. Psychological Science. DOI: 10.1177/0956797615598740
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Ann-Cathrine Larsen MD, PhD-student University of Copenhagen Faculty of Health Sciences Department of Neuroscience and Pharmacology, Eye Pathology Section Copenhagen Medical Research: What is the background for this study? Dr. Larsen: Conjunctival melanoma is an uncommon malignancy … Continue reading →
The post Factors Associated With Aggressive Conjunctival Melanoma Outlined appeared first on MedicalResearch.com.
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Ann-Cathrine Larsen. (2015) Factors Associated With Aggressive Conjunctival Melanoma Outlined. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Michael P. Sherman, MD, FAAP Professor, Department of Child Health University of Missouri – Columbia Women’s and Children’s Hospital Columbia, Missouri 65201 Medical Research: What is the background for this study? Dr. Sherman: We understand eosinophils are … Continue reading →
The post Allergy Cells Predict Bowel Complications In Preterm Babies appeared first on MedicalResearch.com.
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Michael P. Sherman, MD, FAAP. (2015) Allergy Cells Predict Bowel Complications In Preterm Babies. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
Sharing of research data (open data) is increasing in all areas related to scientific research, and it involves authors, journals, publishers, funding agencies, the productive sector and society. In order to encourage authors to provide and reuse datasets, it is paramount to find ways to measure their impact. The initiative ‘Making Data Count’ is efficiently doing this, find out how. … Read More →... Read more »
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Tanja D de Gruijl PhD Professor Translational Tumor Immunology Head Immunotherapy Lab Department of Medical Oncology VU University medical center-Cancer Center Amsterdam Amsterdam, The Netherlands Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main … Continue reading →
The post Vaccinating New Melanoma Patients With Immune Booster Reduced Tumor Recurrences appeared first on MedicalResearch.com.
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Tanja D de Gruijl PhD. (2015) Vaccinating New Melanoma Patients With Immune Booster Reduced Tumor Recurrences. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
Jessica Alba's company has been charged with two lawsuits citing ineffective protection by her Honest Company sunscreen. The failure of the sunscreen highlights a need for better education regarding sunscreen use and sun exposure.... Read more »
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Dr Jonas Minet Kinge PhD Researcher, Department of Health Statistics, Norwegian Institute of Public Health Associate professor, Department of Health Management and Health Economics University of Oslo Norwegian Institute of Public Health Oslo, Norway Medical Research: What is the … Continue reading →
The post In Rich Countries, It’s the Poor Who Become Obese appeared first on MedicalResearch.com.
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Dr Jonas Minet Kinge PhD. (2015) In Rich Countries, It's the Poor Who Become Obese. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
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