Post List

  • February 1, 2015
  • 08:30 AM
  • 1 view

A Conversation with Mia Cobb

by CAPB in Companion Animal Psychology Blog

On Wednesday we covered Mia Cobb’s new paper on working dogs and canine performance science. Mia's research has the potential to have a big impact on the lives of working dogs. She kindly agreed to talk to us about working dogs, animal welfare, and her new puppy Rudy.How can we improve the training of working dogs?One of the key things that would help to improve the success rates of trainee working dogs would be wider recognition of the sum of all the parts that make a successful working dog. It’s not just the training methods used, it’s not just the genetics, it’s also the socialization and puppy raising process, the diet and health management, it’s the way dogs are housed, the human and canine company they keep, the opportunities they have for rest and play as well as learn, that is relevant to a successful working dog. It can be easy for both scientists and practitioners to focus on just one element of the process – like breeding for sound health, or training for continued attention – which is important, but we all benefit enormously from stepping back and acknowledging the relevance of all the other pieces of the puzzle that contribute to successful working dogs. More directly, I think that improving our understanding of the relationship between training methods, canine stress, welfare, learning and performance with further research will help us understand what is most important for the best training and performance outcomes in dogs.Mia with Caleb in 2014 (also top). Photos: Mel TravisScientists can help by making their findings easily accessible to practitioners, through blogs (like Do You Believe in Dog?) and social media. Practitioners, people such as trainers and breeders, can also commit to staying abreast of the latest research by following research-sharing blogs (like Companion Animal Psychologyand Do You Believe in Dog?), attending relevant conferences to share their own great ideas, experiences and practices with others, and making the most of online learning opportunities (like SPARCS or E-training for dogs).Close collaboration between practitioners and scientists will pave the way to best practice training of working dogs. Combining the theoretical with the practical and having a fast-track opportunity for feedback between them is critical. Always being open to learning more, asking ourselves hard questions and considering new ways to approach old challenges will definitely help!What skills or qualities should we look for in the people who train them?Previous research has shown us that good dog trainers need to be consistent in their behaviour, engage well with dogs (keep their attention) and optimise the timing of cues and rewards. There’s more and more research emerging that shows us the attachment between a dog and their trainer/handler is important to dogs – they’re not just a tool anyone can take off the shelf and operate with the same level of proficiency. This can have real-world implications for the way working dog programs are run – one dog may have three handlers, but not work to the same standard for each one of them. This reduced performance may or may not be acceptable, depending on the work the dog is used for. Rudy. Photo: Mel TravisA relevant and exciting new area of research that’s being tackled by the University of Sydney in Australia under the guidance of well-respected Professor Paul McGreevy is why are some people just better with dogs? What are the skills of successful ‘dogmanship’ that allows some people to communicate and read dogs so well and others not? Paul’s research group are trying to characterise the personality profiles, training techniques and other traits of successful trainers and how these traits relate to dogs’ arousal and emotions. I think their findings will be very interesting and relevant to working dog groups looking at new (human!) training recruits.How did you get interested in working dogs?After I graduated with my Bachelor of Science (Honours) in Zoology, I worked and travelled overseas for a year before working in Melbourne’s largest animal shelter which instilled in me the importance of animal welfare and the relevance of people’s role as caretakers. A couple of years later, I moved to working at Australia’s largest guide dog [seeing eye dog] facility. My role with Guide Dogs was as the Training Kennel and Veterinary Clinic Manager. I saw dogs not coping so well with the transition to kennel life after their puppy raising period and wondered if a structured enrichment program could help them to manage the transition better and achieve improved outcomes in their assessment and training tasks.Because of my education, I turned to the scientific literature seeking an answer to the question, but while different elements of enrichment had been valued (like music, smells, toys, etc.), no one had tested a structured program in a real-life setting. So, with my employer’s support, I sought supervision through my former university, designed an experiment and started my PhD work part-time, while I was working full time. From there I got involved in the federal government’s Australian Animal Welfare Strategy (AAWS), leading the working group responsible for working dog welfare. Some of my co-authors on this paper and I conducted some national benchmarking and strategic planning projects for the federal government that gave us better insight into other farm, security, government, assistance and racing dog welfare issues. I guess my education, work experience and personal interests all aligned, resulting in me wanting to better understand the links between working dog welfare and performance.In your paper, you talk about how public perceptions will increasingly influence the treatment of working dogs. What concerns do you think the general public has about working dog welfare? ... Read more »

  • January 31, 2015
  • 11:37 PM
  • 11 views

Drones!

by teofilo in Gambler's House

Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), popularly known as “drones,” have become increasingly common in recent years as the technology behind them has developed. Some uses are controversial, such as military applications and uses that might violate privacy expectations or be dangerous to other aircraft, but other uses are more benign and can potentially open up new […]... Read more »

  • January 31, 2015
  • 03:21 PM
  • 10 views

New Approach Assesses Barrier To Self Care In Heart Failure Patients

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Richard J. Holden, PhD Assistant Professor Department of BioHealth Informatics Indiana University School of Informatics and Computing – Indianapolis Indianapolis, IN  46202 Medical Research: What was your motivation for this study? Dr. Holden: Many patients arrive in … Continue reading →
The post New Approach Assesses Barrier To Self Care In Heart Failure Patients appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News .
... Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with:, & Richard J. Holden, PhD Assistant Professor. (2015) New Approach Assesses Barrier To Self Care In Heart Failure Patients. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • January 31, 2015
  • 03:02 PM
  • 16 views

New theory tries to define where black holes don’t exist

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

The quintessential feature of a black hole is its “point of no return,” or what is more technically called its event horizon, yes just like the movie. When anything—a star, a particle, or wayward human—crosses this horizon, the black hole’s massive gravity pulls it in with such force that it is impossible to escape. At least, this is what happens in traditional black hole models based on general relativity. In general, the existence of this event horizon is responsible for most of the strange phenomena associated with black holes.... Read more »

  • January 31, 2015
  • 02:11 PM
  • 9 views

Cardiorespiratory Fitness Linked To Body Composition in Women

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Xuemei Sui, MD, MPH, PhD Assistant Professor Department of Exercise Science Graduate Director Division of Health Aspects of Physical Activity Arnold School of Public Health University of South Carolina Columbia, SC 29208 Medical Research: What is the … Continue reading →
The post Cardiorespiratory Fitness Linked To Body Composition in Women appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News .
... Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with:, & Xuemei Sui, MD, MPH, PhD. (2015) Cardiorespiratory Fitness Linked To Body Composition in Women. . MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • January 31, 2015
  • 10:48 AM
  • 15 views

Whose Culture is it Anyway? Disentangling Culture and Eating Disorders - Part 5

by Andrea in Science of Eating Disorders

We’ve begun to scratch the surface of the vast and growing literature on cultural context and eating disorders in the previous 4 posts in this series. Of course, as I reflected the other day, there could (maybe should?) be a blog solely devoted to this topic- each time I read another study in this area, it pulls me down the rabbit hole into another related area.... Read more »

Bennett D, Sharpe M, Freeman C, & Carson A. (2004) Anorexia nervosa among female secondary school students in Ghana. The British journal of psychiatry : the journal of mental science, 312-7. PMID: 15458991  

  • January 31, 2015
  • 10:15 AM
  • 27 views

An approach towards ethics: neuroscience and development

by Alexander Yartsev in Evolutionary Games Group

For me personally it has always been a struggle, reading through all the philosophical and religious literature I have a long standing interest in, to verbalize my intuitive concept of morals in any satisfactory way. Luckily for me, once I’ve started reading up on modern psychology and neuroscience, I found out that there are empirical […]... Read more »

Avram, M., Gutyrchik, E., Bao, Y., Pöppel, E., Reiser, M., & Blautzik, J. (2013) Neurofunctional correlates of esthetic and moral judgments. Neuroscience Letters, 128-32. PMID: 23262080  

  • January 31, 2015
  • 09:23 AM
  • 11 views

Disposable Device Can Detect Dengue Antibodies in Saliva in 20 Minutes

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Professor Jackie Ying Institute of Bioengineering and Nanotechnology The Nanos, Singapore Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Response: The Institute of Bioengineering and Nanotechnology (IBN) has developed a paper-based … Continue reading →
The post Disposable Device Can Detect Dengue Antibodies in Saliva in 20 Minutes appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News .
... Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with:, & Professor Jackie Ying. (2015) Disposable Device Can Detect Dengue Antibodies in Saliva in 20 Minutes. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • January 31, 2015
  • 08:46 AM
  • 11 views

Childhood Outbreak of Acute Flaccid Paralysis Linked To Respiratory Virus

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Samuel Dominguez MD Departments of Pediatric Infectious Diseases Children’s Hospital Colorado and University of Colorado School of Medicine Aurora, CO Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Dominguez: Due … Continue reading →
The post Childhood Outbreak of Acute Flaccid Paralysis Linked To Respiratory Virus appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News .
... Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with:, & Samuel Dominguez MD. (2015) Childhood Outbreak of Acute Flaccid Paralysis Linked To Respiratory Virus. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • January 31, 2015
  • 08:22 AM
  • 10 views

Fear of Cancer Stops Some Patients From Getting Screened

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Miss Charlotte Vrinten, MSc, BA, BSc Research psychologist Cancer Research UK Health Behaviour Research Centre Department of Epidemiology and Public Health University College London Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main … Continue reading →
The post Fear of Cancer Stops Some Patients From Getting Screened appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News .
... Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with:, & Miss Charlotte Vrinten, MSc, BA, BSc. (2015) Fear of Cancer Stops Some Patients From Getting Screened. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • January 31, 2015
  • 08:13 AM
  • 62 views

More about neurons

by Janet Kwasniak in Neuro-patch

I want to make a point here that we know less about the brain than is generally acknowledged. Our picture of the functioning of a neuron is taken as more or less settled knowledge; only small refinements are likely. But the refinements that are regularly published are not small. Now we have a paper (citation […]... Read more »

  • January 31, 2015
  • 05:40 AM
  • 58 views

Suramin and the Fragile X (Fmr1 knockout) mouse model (and autism)

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

Fancy some weekend reading? Well, you could do a lot worse than having a gander through the paper by Jane Naviaux and colleagues [1] (open-access) discussing the results of a whole host of analyses following the use of the antipurinergic agent suramin on a mouse model of Fragile X syndrome.Overprotective mother, forbidden road trip...Regular readers might remember some previous discussions about suramin - a pharmaceutic designed to treat African sleeping sickness - and autism which have graced this blog (see here and see here). Following a series of studies which looked at the physiological and behavioural effects of suramin administration on a mouse model trying to recreate conditions of maternal immune activation (MIA (which itself has some autism research history), authors this time turned their attention to a mouse model of Fragile X syndrome, a condition which can in humans manifest with autistic traits (sometimes).The Naviaux paper is a whopper in terms of data accumulated and results so I'm not going to even try and summarise the findings aside from quoting the authors that their: "results support the novel conclusion that antipurinergic therapy is operating by a mechanism that lies close to the root cause of the core behaviors and development in both the environmental MIA, and the genetic Fragile X models of ASD [autism spectrum disorder]. This mechanism appears to be traceable to mitochondria and regulated by purinergic signaling." Both mitochondrial and purinergic issues have featured in the autism research historical tapestry before (see here and see here respectively).Just before anyone makes a run on suramin, I might however point out a few things: (a) the current and previous results are based on mouse studies and mice are mice not humans, and (b) suramin, whilst indicated for sleeping sickness, is not without the possibility of some pretty important side-effects (see here).Still, this latest paper again potentially opens up a number of promising lines of inquiry in need of further investigation. And the added bonus is to see some more metabolomics included in their results!To close: INXS and Mystify.----------[1] Naviaux JC. et al. Antipurinergic therapy corrects the autism-like features in the fragile X (Fmr1 knockout) mouse model. Molecular Autism 2015, 6:1----------Jane C Naviaux, Lin Wang, Kefeng Li, A Taylor Bright, William A Alaynick, Kenneth R Williams, Susan B Powell, & Robert K Naviaux (2015). Antipurinergic therapy corrects the autism-like features in the fragile X (Fmr1 knockout) mouse model Molecular Autism : 1186/2040-2392-6-1... Read more »

Jane C Naviaux, Lin Wang, Kefeng Li, A Taylor Bright, William A Alaynick, Kenneth R Williams, Susan B Powell, & Robert K Naviaux. (2015) Antipurinergic therapy corrects the autism-like features in the fragile X (Fmr1 knockout) mouse model. Molecular Autism. info:/1186/2040-2392-6-1

  • January 30, 2015
  • 05:32 PM
  • 77 views

Same sex relationships and stress: A new perspective

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

Studies of stress and its effects on health have typically focused on the worries of an individual: money, love, health, work. When we turn our attention on relationship stress, the focus is generally on your typical couple. However, new research studies how minority stress -- which results from being stigmatized and disadvantaged in society -- affects same-sex couples' stress levels and overall health.... Read more »

  • January 30, 2015
  • 04:05 PM
  • 48 views

Automated Churchill Program Sequences Entire Human Genome In 90 Minutes

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Peter White, Ph.D. Principal Investigator, Center for Microbial Pathogenesis Director, Biomedical Genomics Core Director of Molecular Bioinformatics, The Research Institute at Nationwide Children’s Hospital Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, The Ohio State University Medical Research: What is the … Continue reading →
The post Automated Churchill Program Sequences Entire Human Genome In 90 Minutes appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News .
... Read more »

Peter White, Ph.D., Principal Investigator, Center for Microbial Pathogenesis, & Director, Biomedical Genomics Core. (2015) Automated Churchhill Program Sequences Entire Human Genome In 90 Minutes. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • January 30, 2015
  • 03:12 PM
  • 47 views

Integrated Health Care Reduced Racial Disparities in Colon Cancer Treatment

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Kim F. Rhoads, MD, MS, MPH, FACS Assistant Professor of Surgery Director, Community Partnership Program Stanford Cancer Institute Unit Based Medical Director, E3 Surgery and Surgical Subspecialties Stanford University Stanford, Ca 94305 Medical Research: What is the … Continue reading →
The post Integrated Health Care Reduced Racial Disparities in Colon Cancer Treatment appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News .
... Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with:, Kim F. Rhoads, MD, MS, MPH, FACS, & Assistant Professor of Surgery. (2015) Integrated Health Care Reduced Racial Disparities in Colon Cancer Treatment. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • January 30, 2015
  • 12:59 PM
  • 45 views

Performance Improvement CME Improved Psoriasis Care By Dermatologists

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Robert S. Kirsner, MD, PhD, FAAD Interim Chairman and Harvey Blank Professor in Dermatology, Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Surgery, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine Director, University of Miami Hospital Wound Center Chief of Dermatology, … Continue reading →
The post Performance Improvement CME Improved Psoriasis Care By Dermatologists appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News .
... Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with:, Robert S. Kirsner, MD, PhD, FAAD, & Interim Chairman and Harvey Blank Professor in Dermatology, Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Surgery, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine. (2015) Performance Improvement CME Improved Psoriasis Care By Dermatologists. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • January 30, 2015
  • 12:23 PM
  • 46 views

Childhood Obesity Levels Stabilizing But Remain High

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Dr Cornelia HM van Jaarsveld and Prof Martin C Gulliford Department of Primary Care and Public Health Sciences King’s College London, London, UK Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? … Continue reading →
The post Childhood Obesity Levels Stabilizing But Remain High appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News .
... Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with:, & Dr Cornelia HM van Jaarsveld and Prof Martin C Gullifor. (2015) Childhood Obesity Levels Remain High But Stabilizing. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • January 30, 2015
  • 12:16 PM
  • 44 views

Some Prescription Formularies Discourage HIV Patient Enrollment

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Douglas B. Jacobs ScD Harvard School of Public Health Medical Research: What is the background for this study? Response: In May 2014, a formal complaint submitted to the Department of Health and Human Services contended that four … Continue reading →
The post Some Prescription Formularies Discourage HIV Patient Enrollment appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News .
... Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with:, Douglas B. Jacobs ScD, & Harvard School of Public Health. (2015) Some Prescription Formularies Discourage HIV Patient Enrollment. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • January 30, 2015
  • 12:04 PM
  • 40 views

Electronic Reminder Improved Asthma Medication Adherence

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Amy Chan   BPharm(Hons) RegPharmNZ  MPS  ANZCP Pharmacist / PhD candidate Department of Paediatrics Auckland Hospital Faculty of Medical & Health Sciences University of Auckland  Auckland, New Zealand Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What … Continue reading →
The post Electronic Reminder Improved Asthma Medication Adherence appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News .
... Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with:, Amy Chan, BPharm(Hons) RegPharmNZ MPS ANZCP, & Pharmacist / PhD candidate. (2015) Electronic Reminder Improved Asthma Medication Adherence. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • January 30, 2015
  • 11:45 AM
  • 20 views

Neanderthal neurograstronomy

by neuroecology in Neuroecology

There is a genetic basis to the food that we enjoy eating. Some people – which I call strange people – think cilantro has a strange, soapy taste at least partially because of a particular polymorphism in a odor receptor gene (OR6A2). The question … Continue reading →... Read more »

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