8 posts · 2,172 views
Right now my vague plan is to give my readers a peek behind the curtain of the college faculty. I think all too often students come to class, sit and listen, and then sprint to their cars and drive home with nary a thought as to the effort put forth to bring knowledge into the classroom. What I would like to do is inform about what it takes for a professor to prepare for class, what other things faculty do outside the classroom, what the scholarship of teaching and learning means for me, what research I've been doing on my teaching, and maybe some stories about the classroom and/or me.
I recently read a 2006 paper titled "Visceral Influences on Risk-Taking Behavior." In spite of it's problems this paper uses some great language. Take for example this opening paragraph from the introduction:"People often do things that they almost immediately regret. Would-be dieters succumb to the lure of forsworn foods, only to curse their weak wills once their hunger (or the food) is gone. Unfaithful spouses live wracked with guilt after an impulsive sexual dalliance, only to repeat the cycl........ Read more »
Every Sunday, I'd like to post a review of an interesting peer-reviewed science article. To kick things off I'm picking an old favorite, originally posted in 1964! It is certainly well cited, Google Scholar lists the citation count at 452! Indeed this paper was a "Citation Classic" in Current Contents in 1981. At the time the lead author Robert Bolles, was still living and stated:"I have always believed in the idea that experimenters should look at their animals...the human eyeball is........ Read more »
As I mentioned before I worked in a rat lab, and over the next few weeks I'd like to write a bit about some of the research I did as a graduate student at UMSL. I spent my time depressing rats and treating some of them with novel plant-derived compounds (some poor rats just got depressed and given placebo). Before I can tell you more about my project I'd like to share with you some of the work that influenced me. "If I have seen further it is by standing on the shoulders of Giants ." -- Is........ Read more »
Willmore-Fordham CB, Krall DM, McCurdy CR, & Kinder DH. (2007) The hallucinogen derived from Salvia divinorum, salvinorin A, has kappa-opioid agonist discriminative stimulus effects in rats. Neuropharmacology, 53(4), 481-6. PMID: 17681558
Recently Rep. Todd Akin (R-MO) made a very bad gaffe. It is pretty serious and you might have already heard about it. The quote in question as made during an interview with KTVI on Sunday was:“If it's a legitimate rape, the female body has ways to try to shut the whole thing down."Now a lot of people have been very upset about the phrasing of "legitimate rape" and rightfully so (you can already buy "illegitimate rapist" T-shirts). But that's not what I want to write about. I want to talk about........ Read more »
Jonathan A. Gottschall, & Tiffani A. Gottschall. (2003) Are per-incident rape-pregnancy rates higher than per-incident consensual pregnancy rates?. Human Nature, 14(1), 1-20. DOI: 10.1007/s12110-003-1014-0
Wilcox AJ, Dunson DB, Weinberg CR, Trussell J, & Baird DD. (2001) Likelihood of conception with a single act of intercourse: providing benchmark rates for assessment of post-coital contraceptives. Contraception, 63(4), 211-5. PMID: 11376648
Yesterday I posted some research about cell phone anxiety. You may have noticed that while I referenced a science journal article I didn't talk much about the results. Indeed, the only results I listed were descriptive (basic counting that describes a behavior) and qualitative (as opposed to quantitative). This is because of some fundamental flaws with the data as described in the article. So for those of you interested in such things here is the extended review enumerating three big problems I ........ Read more »
Earlier I wrote about cell phone rudeness in the classroom. In that post I mentioned that asking students to go without cell phones is like asking them to go without friends. That statement generated a lot of interest from faculty and students int he comments, on facebook, and in person so I thought I would share a little bit of research that backs up my statement.In a recently published article (see below for reference) Dorothy Skierkowski and Rebecca Wood tracked college-aged youth's anxiety ........ Read more »
I was recently linked to this post from PETA's blog from June of 2008. This is a great classroom exercise in evaluating media reports.1. Meat increases the risk of breast cancer. A 2007 study of 35,000 women published in the British Journal of Cancer found that women who ate meat were far more likely to develop breast cancer than women who consumed none. Will Jessica's next t-shirt will say, "Real Girls Smoke 3 Packs a Day"?The referenced study reports: "... risk of breast cancer to increase wit........ Read more »
Taylor, E., Burley, V., Greenwood, D., & Cade, J. (2007) Meat consumption and risk of breast cancer in the UK Women's Cohort Study. British Journal of Cancer, 96(7), 1139-1146. DOI: 10.1038/sj.bjc.6603689
Kabat, G., Cross, A., Park, Y., Schatzkin, A., Hollenbeck, A., Rohan, T., & Sinha, R. (2009) Meat intake and meat preparation in relation to risk of postmenopausal breast cancer in the NIH-AARP diet and health study. International Journal of Cancer, 124(10), 2430-2435. DOI: 10.1002/ijc.24203
That is the recipe for depression. Chronic Mild Stress (CMS). Or at least it is the recipe I used to depress rats. As I mentioned earlier I worked with rats to research the mood-effects of Salvia. One important piece of this research was the idea that a depressed brain is different than a healthy brain and may respond differently to drug exposure. So in order to apply that in rats, I needed a way to create depressed rats. For me, that meant using CMS.
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Katz, R. (1982) Animal model of depression: Pharmacological sensitivity of a hedonic deficit. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior, 16(6), 965-968. DOI: 10.1016/0091-3057(82)90053-3
Willner, P. (2005) Chronic Mild Stress (CMS) Revisited: Consistency and Behavioural-Neurobiological Concordance in the Effects of CMS. Neuropsychobiology, 52(2), 90-110. DOI: 10.1159/000087097
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