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The mission of SMR is to objectively summarize and describe the clinical relevance of research articles related to basic science, translational research, and clinical research that may be relevant to students and professionals interested in sports medicine. Furthermore, SMR aims to provide a forum for clinicians, researchers, and students in sports medicine-related fields to discuss the clinical relevance of new research.
Females are more likely to report concussion-related symptoms at baseline testing than males. However, following a concussion there are no differences in symptom reporting between male and female athletes.... Read more »
Brown, D., Elsass, J., Miller, A., Reed, L., & Reneker, J. (2015) Differences in Symptom Reporting Between Males and Females at Baseline and After a Sports-Related Concussion: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Sports Medicine, 45(7), 1027-1040. DOI: 10.1007/s40279-015-0335-6
Practice concussion rates are highest during fully padded practices, preseason, and scrimmages.... Read more »
Kerr ZY, Hayden R, Dompier TP, & Cohen R. (2015) Association of equipment worn and concussion injury rates in national collegiate athletic association football practices: 2004-2005 to 2008-2009 academic years. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 43(5), 1134-41. PMID: 25931501
Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) using an autograft appears to have the best outcomes and minimal costs per year of improved quality of life in comparison to allograft or conservative management. ... Read more »
Saltzman, B., Cvetanovich, G., Nwachukwu, B., Mall, N., Bush-Joseph, C., & Bach, B. (2015) Economic Analyses in Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Qualitative and Systematic Review. The American Journal of Sports Medicine. DOI: 10.1177/0363546515581470
There is a wide variability in compliance of schools and school nurses with national recommendations for return to learning following a concussion.
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Olympia RP, Ritter JT, Brady J, & Bramley H. (2015) Return to Learning After a Concussion and Compliance With Recommendations for Cognitive Rest. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine. PMID: 25961156
Culture samples from 3 whirlpools at a NCAA Division I university demonstrated the presence of staphylococcus aureus (Staph) both before and after sanitization. Further, Staph was found to be present in surrounding areas and was higher following use by patients than prior to treatment.... Read more »
Kahanov, L., Kim, Y., Eberman, L., Dannelly, K., Kaur, H., & Ramalinga, A. (2015) Staphylococcus aureus and community-associated methicillin-resistant staphylococuus aureus (CA-MRSA) in and around therapeutic whirlpools in college athletic training rooms. Journal of Athletic Training, 50(4), 432-437. DOI: 10.4085/1062-6050-49.3.96
Quadriceps spinal-reflexive excitability was greater 20 minutes following non-thermal therapeutic ultrasound compared with a sham treatment among individuals with a history of knee injury and quadriceps dysfunction.... Read more »
Norte GE, Saliba SA, & Hart JM. (2015) Immediate Effects of Therapeutic Ultrasound on Quadriceps Spinal Reflex Excitability in Patients with Knee Pathology. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation. PMID: 25839089
A college football player was 5.3 times more likely to have an injury during a season if he was a starter, had poor core endurance, and reported more low back disability. Assessing for these things during your preseason screening can help identify at-risk individuals who may benefit from injury prevention programs.... Read more »
Wilkerson, G., & Colston, M. (2015) A Refined Prediction Model for Core and Lower Extremity Sprains and Strains Among Collegiate Football Players. Journal of Athletic Training, 2147483647. DOI: 10.4085/1062-6050-50.2.04
Of 330 patients who underwent an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction surgery, 27% reported an adverse event due to surgery within 2 years but only 2 adverse events (0.6%) were considered major complications and 24 (7%) required a repeat surgery. This suggests that overall, ACL reconstruction surgery is generally safe and the adverse events which do occur can be treated relatively successfully.... Read more »
Mohtadi, N., Barber, R., Chan, D., & Paolucci, E. (2015) Complications and Adverse Events of a Randomized Clinical Trial Comparing 3 Graft Types for ACL Reconstruction. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, 1. DOI: 10.1097/JSM.0000000000000202
Rehabilitation programs that incorporate early motion, limit open kinetic chain exercises prior to 6 weeks post surgery with a transition to normal open kinetic chain exercises, and incorporate neuromuscular training throughout are best practices during anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction rehabilitation.... Read more »
Wright, R., Haas, A., Anderson, J., Calabrese, G., Cavanaugh, J., Hewett, T., Lorring, D., McKenzie, C., Preston, E., Williams, G.... (2014) Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Rehabilitation: MOON Guidelines. Sports Health: A Multidisciplinary Approach, 7(3), 239-243. DOI: 10.1177/1941738113517855
Athletes who reported sleeping difficulties during preseason neurocognitive testing performed worse on neurocognitive exams after a concussion and reported more symptoms following a concussion compared with those who reported no difficulties sleeping.... Read more »
Sufrinko A, Pearce K, Elbin RJ, Covassin T, Johnson E, Collins M, & Kontos AP. (2015) The effect of preinjury sleep difficulties on neurocognitive impairment and symptoms after sport-related concussion. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 43(4), 830-8. PMID: 25649087
Smoking and fewer years of education are predictive of poor mental and physical health 2 or 6 years after an anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Higher activity levels, younger age, better quality of life before surgery, and lower body mass index at the time of injury, were all associated with higher quality of life scores at 2 or 6 years post-surgery.... Read more »
Dunn WR, Wolf BR, Harrell FE Jr, Reinke EK, Huston LJ, MOON Knee Group, & Spindler KP. (2015) Baseline predictors of health-related quality of life after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: a longitudinal analysis of a multicenter cohort at two and six years. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume, 97(7), 551-7. PMID: 25834079
The Landing Error Scoring System (LESS) can help us identify poor landing habits that may leave a young soccer athlete susceptible to an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. ... Read more »
Padua, D., DiStefano, L., Beutler, A., de la Motte, S., DiStefano, M., & Marshall, S. (2015) The Landing Error Scoring System as a Screening Tool for an Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury–Prevention Program in Elite-Youth Soccer Athletes. Journal of Athletic Training, 2147483647. DOI: 10.4085/1062-6050-50.1.10
A patient with a moderate or severe traumatic brain injury is likely to have structural brain changes that are associated with an older brain than his/her actual age.... Read more »
Cole JH, Leech R, Sharp DJ, & Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative. (2015) Prediction of brain age suggests accelerated atrophy after traumatic brain injury. Annals of Neurology, 77(4), 571-81. PMID: 25623048
Both platelet-rich plasma and low-level laser therapies are effective treatments for Achilles tendon injury. In the present study however, combining PRP and LLLT demonstrated an increase in healed tendon strength and histological function in a rabbit model.... Read more »
Allahverdi A, Sharifi D, Takhtfooladi MA, Hesaraki S, Khansari M, & Dorbeh SS. (2015) Evaluation of low-level laser therapy, platelet-rich plasma, and their combination on the healing of Achilles tendon in rabbits. Lasers in Medical Science, 30(4), 1305-13. PMID: 25759233
Delayed onset of symptoms after sport-related concussion puts young athletes at a 20.7 times greater risk for postconcussion syndrome... Read more »
Morgan, C., Zuckerman, S., Lee, Y., King, L., Beaird, S., Sills, A., & Solomon, G. (2015) Predictors of postconcussion syndrome after sports-related concussion in young athletes: a matched case-control study. Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics, 1-10. DOI: 10.3171/2014.10.PEDS14356
A program focused on eccentric hamstring strengthening may prevent hamstring injuries.... Read more »
van der Horst, N., Smits, D., Petersen, J., Goedhart, E., & Backx, F. (2015) The Preventive Effect of the Nordic Hamstring Exercise on Hamstring Injuries in Amateur Soccer Players: A Randomized Controlled Trial. The American Journal of Sports Medicine. DOI: 10.1177/0363546515574057
Exercise reduces pain in patients with nonspecific low back pain. Exercise protocols involving strength training and stabilization with a whole-body approach appear to provide the greatest relief.... Read more »
Searle, A., Spink, M., Ho, A., & Chuter, V. (2015) Exercise interventions for the treatment of chronic low back pain: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Clinical Rehabilitation. DOI: 10.1177/0269215515570379
Participating in athletics isn’t a risk factor for violence outside of competition. However, sports participants with alcohol use problems are more likely to later be violent than those without alcohol use problems.... Read more »
Scholes-Balog, K., Hemphill, S., Kremer, P., & Toumbourou, J. (2015) Relationships Between Sport Participation, Problem Alcohol Use, and Violence: A Longitudinal Study of Young Adults in Australia. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. DOI: 10.1177/0886260514567962
Patients who sustained an anterior cruciate ligament tear often suffer quadriceps weakness, altered spinal-reflexive excitability during the first few weeks after the injury, and altered corticospinal excitability a few months after the injury.... Read more »
Lepley, A., Gribble, P., Thomas, A., Tevald, M., Sohn, D., & Pietrosimone, B. (2015) Quadriceps neural alterations in anterior cruciate ligament reconstructed patients: A 6-month longitudinal investigation. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine . DOI: 10.1111/sms.12435
Athletes demonstrated greater rates of depression post-concussion. Older age, baseline depression symptoms, and increased concussion-related symptoms were factors most associated with post-concussion depression.... Read more »
Vargas, G., Rabinowitz, A., Meyer, J., & Arnett, P. (2015) Predictors and Prevalence of Postconcussion Depression Symptoms in Collegiate Athletes. Journal of Athletic Training, 50(3), 250-255. DOI: 10.4085/1062-6050-50.3.02
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