Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

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The mission of SMR is to objectively summarize and describe the clinical relevance of research articles related to basic science, translational research, and clinical research that may be relevant to students and professionals interested in sports medicine. Furthermore, SMR aims to provide a forum for clinicians, researchers, and students in sports medicine-related fields to discuss the clinical relevance of new research.

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  • December 16, 2016
  • 04:30 AM
  • 356 views

Frequency and Location of Head Impacts in Division 1 Men’s Lacrosse Players

by Patricia Kelshaw, MS, LAT, ATC in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Player position and session type such as practice or game are the main factors that influence head impact frequencies and magnitudes for lacrosse athletes.... Read more »

  • December 15, 2016
  • 04:30 AM
  • 371 views

Cortisol and Testosterone Levels Following Exhaustive Endurance Exercise: How Much Recovery Do Athletes Really Need?

by Jennifer Fields in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Following high-intensity endurance exercise, recovery may require 48-72 hours for cortisol and testosterone to return back to resting levels. ... Read more »

Anderson, T., Lane, A., & Hackney, A. (2016) Cortisol and testosterone dynamics following exhaustive endurance exercise. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 116(8), 1503-1509. DOI: 10.1007/s00421-016-3406-y  

  • December 14, 2016
  • 04:30 AM
  • 368 views

Identifying Athletes at Risk for Chronic Ankle Instability

by Matt Prebble in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

The jump-landing protocol was able to distinguish between healthy, ‘coper’, and unstable ankles. This protocol may be useful for identifying athletes at increased risk for injury, and as a return to play indicator following rehabilitation.... Read more »

  • December 13, 2016
  • 04:30 AM
  • 372 views

Can Using a Whole Body Vibration Warm-up Give Athletes Quicker Feet?

by Stuart McCrory in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Whole-body vibration improves performance on quick feet test when compared to a traditional warm-up.... Read more »

Donahue RB, Vingren JL, Duplanty AA, Levitt DE, Luk HY, & Kraemer WJ. (2016) Acute Effect of Whole-Body Vibration Warm-up on Footspeed Quickness. Journal of strength and conditioning research, 30(8), 2286-91. PMID: 27328378  

  • December 12, 2016
  • 04:30 AM
  • 361 views

Substance Use by Gender and Race Among Teenage Athletes

by Jessica Pope in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

While general substance use patterns are seen in adolescent athletes, some gender and racial/ethnic groups are at more risk than others. Prevention and educational programs should be designed with this in mind.... Read more »

Parent, M., Bradstreet, T., Piper, M., Brace, T., & Parkman, T. (2016) Racial Disparities in Substance Use by Sport Participation Among High School Students. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 77(6), 980-985. DOI: 10.15288/jsad.2016.77.980  

  • December 9, 2016
  • 04:30 AM
  • 394 views

Balancing on the BACK

by Abbis Haider Jaffri in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Patients who suffer from current or previous symptoms of lower back pain demonstrated lower reach distances in the posterior directions of the Y-Balance Test compared to healthy individuals.... Read more »

  • December 7, 2016
  • 04:30 AM
  • 360 views

Thinking about high-dose vitamin D supplements for your athletes? Make sure the dose is right.

by Kyle Harris in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

A Blanket high dose vitamin D supplement plan results in elevated levels of vitamin D metabolites after the supplementation is completed. This could result in lower than normal levels of vitamin D, which is the opposite effect of the intended supplementation.... Read more »

Owens DJ, Tang JC, Bradley WJ, Sparks SA, Fraser WD, Morton JP, & Close GL. (2016) Efficacy of High Dose Vitamin D Supplements for Elite Athletes. Medicine and science in sports and exercise. PMID: 27741217  

  • December 6, 2016
  • 04:30 AM
  • 306 views

Physical Inactivity and Body Fatness May Influence the Association Between Sarcopenia And Osteoporosis

by Mariel Crawford in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Increased body fat and physical inactivity may be modifiable risk factors for osteoporosis and sarcopenia. ... Read more »

  • December 5, 2016
  • 04:30 AM
  • 362 views

Is Normative Data the New Normal?

by Sam Walton in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Individual differences may be seen in baseline SCAT3 data between sex, history of concussion, and history of comorbidities. Therefore, using the patient’s personal medical history may add value to the SCAT3 sideline screening.... Read more »

  • December 1, 2016
  • 04:30 AM
  • 392 views

Neurological or Mechanical – Cross-over Effects of Foam Rolling on Ankle Dorsiflexion

by Richard Shaw in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Foam rolling may lead to small improvements in dorsiflexion range of motion in the contralateral limb. ... Read more »

  • November 29, 2016
  • 04:30 AM
  • 377 views

Hip Dip During Stance Leads to Steep Increase in Knee Joint Loads

by Oladipo Eddo in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Increased hip adduction during stance phase of Trendelenburg gait contributes to excessive knee joint loading.... Read more »

  • November 28, 2016
  • 04:30 AM
  • 350 views

By Standing More at Work Do We Sit More at Home?

by Amanda Estep in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Sit-to-stand workstations is an effective strategy to decrease sedentary time and increase light activity time during working hours; however, during non-working hours more time was still spent sitting. ... Read more »

Mansoubi M, Pearson N, Biddle SJ, & Clemes SA. (2016) Using Sit-to-Stand Workstations in Offices: Is There a Compensation Effect?. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 48(4), 720-5. PMID: 26496419  

  • November 23, 2016
  • 04:30 AM
  • 386 views

Tape (or Wait) for Stabilizers to Activate

by Nicole Cattano in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Shoulder taping is associated with early activation of scapular muscles; however, this only resulted in a minimal effect on shoulder kinematics. ... Read more »

  • November 16, 2016
  • 04:30 AM
  • 351 views

Jump Around: To See or Not To See?

by Ashley Marshall in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Video feedback was a more effective tool to correct landing patterns in males to compared to females, which may be helpful in reducing anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury risk. ... Read more »

Dallinga J, Benjaminse A, Gokeler A, Cortes N, Otten E, & Lemmink K. (2016) Innovative Video Feedback on Jump Landing Improves Landing Technique in Males. International Journal of Sports Medicine. PMID: 27428644  

  • November 9, 2016
  • 04:30 AM
  • 409 views

Wringing Out the Achilles

by Nicole Cattano in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Participants with rear foot valgus appear to have diminished blood flow to the Achilles in comparison to normal rear foot individuals. More research is needed to determine how we can clinically intervene.... Read more »

Karzis, K., Kalogeris, M., Mandalidis, D., Geladas, N., Karteroliotis, K., & Athanasopoulos, S. (2016) The effect of foot overpronation on Achilles tendon blood supply in healthy male subjects. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine . DOI: 10.1111/sms.12722  

  • November 2, 2016
  • 04:30 AM
  • 427 views

What Came First the Concussion Or the Lower Extremity Musculoskeletal Injury?

by Kyle Harris in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Athletes who reported sustaining a concussion were 1.6 to 2.9 times more likely to have also sustained a lower extremity musculoskeletal injury at the end of their intercollegiate athletic careers.... Read more »

Gilbert, F., Burdette, G., Joyner, A., Llewellyn, T., & Buckley, T. (2016) Association Between Concussion and Lower Extremity Injuries in Collegiate Athletes. Sports Health: A Multidisciplinary Approach, 8(6), 561-567. DOI: 10.1177/1941738116666509  

  • October 31, 2016
  • 04:30 AM
  • 392 views

Repetitive Head Impacts in Mice Suggest Cumulative Affliction

by Jane McDevitt in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Mild repetitive blows resulted in Alzheimer’s disease and chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) like conditions in mice. Additionally, as number of head impacts increased balance coordination declined, and depressive symptoms progressed.... Read more »

  • October 24, 2016
  • 03:05 AM
  • 464 views

The Role of “Roll-Off” During Gait in Patients Recovering from a Lateral Ankle Sprain

by Revay O. Corbett, MS, ATC, PES in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

People with persistent complaints 6 to 12 months after an ankle sprain walk differently than those without persistent complaints.... Read more »

  • October 19, 2016
  • 04:30 AM
  • 399 views

A Winning Combination: Manual Therapy and Exercises for Recurrent Ankle Sprains

by John J. Fraser, PT, MS, OCS in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Patients with chronic ankle instability who received a 4-week supervised rehabilitation program consisting of therapeutic exercise, joint mobilization, and neural mobilizations had greater clinical improvements compared with patients who were treated with therapeutic exercise alone.... Read more »

  • October 17, 2016
  • 04:30 AM
  • 432 views

Comprehensive Services Improve Care for Adolescents with Persistent Postconcussive Symptoms

by Jane McDevitt in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Adolescents with persistent postconcussive symptoms experienced greater improvements in symptoms and quality of life after receiving a collaborative care treatment compared with adolescents who received the standard of care.... Read more »

McCarty CA, Zatzick D, Stein E, Wang J, Hilt R, Rivara FP, & Seattle Sports Concussion Research Collaborative. (2016) Collaborative Care for Adolescents With Persistent Postconcussive Symptoms: A Randomized Trial. Pediatrics. PMID: 27624513  

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