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The mission of SMR is to objectively summarize and describe the clinical relevance of research articles related to basic science, translational research, and clinical research that may be relevant to students and professionals interested in sports medicine. Furthermore, SMR aims to provide a forum for clinicians, researchers, and students in sports medicine-related fields to discuss the clinical relevance of new research.
Take Home Message: Sports-related injuries among teenagers accounts for over 430,000 emergency room visits in the United States in 2008 and represent a significant financial burden to the healthcare system.
Sports-related injuries in teenagers result in a significant number of emergency room visits, which can result in relatively large direct costs. However, little is known about national estimates of how many emergency room visits actually occur as well as the direct costs affiliated ........ Read more »
Nalliah RP, Anderson IM, Lee MK, Rampa S, Allareddy V, & Allareddy V. (2014) Epidemiology of Hospital-Based Emergency Department Visits Due to Sports Injuries. Pediatric Emergency Care, 30(8), 511-515. PMID: 25062295
Female mentors/role models who are successfully maintaining work-life balance are critical to the success and retention of quality female athletic trainers at the NCAA Division I level.... Read more »
Eason, C., Mazerolle, S., & Goodman, A. (2014) Motherhood and Work–Life Balance in the National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I Setting: Mentors and the Female Athletic Trainer. Journal of Athletic Training, 2147483647. DOI: 10.4085/1062-6050-49.3.03
Prevalent and consistent indicators of a concussion include observing disorientation or confusion immediately after the injury, and slower reaction time, poor balance, and impaired verbal learning and memory within 2 days after the injury.... Read more »
Carney N, Ghajar J, Jagoda A, Bedrick S, Davis-OʼReilly C, du Coudray H, Hack D, Helfand N, Huddleston A, Nettleton T.... (2014) Concussion guidelines step 1: systematic review of prevalent indicators. Neurosurgery. PMID: 25006974
Over 75% of surveyed collegiate athletes, who believed they sustained a concussion in the past year, reported not seeking proper medical attention for that concussion. The most common reason athletes reported not seeking proper medical attention was not believing the concussion was severe enough to warrant stopping the activity to seek out a medical professional.... Read more »
Delaney, J., Lamfookon, C., Bloom, G., Al-Kashmiri, A., & Correa, J. (2014) Why University Athletes Choose Not to Reveal Their Concussion Symptoms During a Practice or Game. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, 1. DOI: 10.1097/JSM.0000000000000112
Neuropsychological impairments were found in some retired NFL players; however, the majority of retired NFL players had no clinical signs of chronic brain damage. Some retired players had lesions found on brain imaging tests and these were associated with the number of previous concussions.... Read more »
Casson, I., Viano, D., Haacke, E., Kou, Z., & LeStrange, D. (2014) Is There Chronic Brain Damage in Retired NFL Players? Neuroradiology, Neuropsychology, and Neurology Examinations of 45 Retired Players. Sports Health: A Multidisciplinary Approach. DOI: 10.1177/1941738114540270
Smaller lumbar multifidus size during preseason and the competitive season was associated with lower extremity injury in Australian Football. Additionally, lumbar multifidus asymmetry, limb kicking dominance and a history of low back pain were also associated with increased lower extremity injury.... Read more »
Hides, J., Stanton, W., Mendis, M., Franettovich Smith, M., & Sexton, M. (2014) Small Multifidus Muscle Size Predicts Football Injuries. Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine, 2(6). DOI: 10.1177/2325967114537588
Athletes who have sustained a concussion exhibit a wide range of symptom severity scores when surveyed through text-messaging at various times during the day.... Read more »
Anthony CA, & Peterson AR. (2014) Utilization of a Text-Messaging Robot to Assess Intraday Variation in Concussion Symptom Severity Scores. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine. PMID: 24905538
Young pitchers who engage in “risk-prone” pitching activities are more likely to report arm tiredness and pain, which is related to shoulder and elbow injuries.... Read more »
Yang, J., Mann, B., Guettler, J., Dugas, J., Irrgang, J., Fleisig, G., & Albright, J. (2014) Risk-Prone Pitching Activities and Injuries in Youth Baseball: Findings From a National Sample. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 42(6), 1456-1463. DOI: 10.1177/0363546514524699
The SCAT-2 tool composite score is useful in sports-related concussion assessment in a college setting due to its high sensitivity and specificity especially if you can compare a post injury score with a baseline measure.... Read more »
Putukian M, Echemendia R, Dettwiler-Danspeckgruber A, Duliba T, Bruce J, Furtado JL, & Murugavel M. (2014) Prospective Clinical Assessment Using Sideline Concussion Assessment Tool-2 Testing in the Evaluation of Sport-Related Concussion in College Athletes. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine. PMID: 24915173
Following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) rehabilitation patients continue to experience muscular strength and stability deficits in the affected limb compared with the unaffected limb. This is potentially caused by the loss of neuromuscular control following ACLR and the rehabilitation process.... Read more »
Otzel, D., Chow, J., & Tillman, M. (2014) Long-term deficits in quadriceps strength and activation following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Physical Therapy in Sport. DOI: 10.1016/j.ptsp.2014.02.003
Division II and III athletes use and misuse nonprescription pain medication for sports-related pain less often compared with Division 1-A football athletes.... Read more »
Stache, S., Close, J., Mehallo, C., & Fayock, K. (2014) Nonprescription Pain Medication Use in Collegiate Athletes: A Comparison of Samples. The Physician and Sportsmedicine, 42(2), 19-26. DOI: 10.3810/psm.2014.05.2054
Take Home Message: Male semiprofessional soccer athletes have a higher prevalence of femoracetabular impingement (as measured by alpha angle) than male amateur soccer athletes.... Read more »
Lahner, M., Walter, P., von Schulze Pellengahr, C., Hagen, M., von Engelhardt, L., & Lukas, C. (2014) Comparative study of the femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) prevalence in male semiprofessional and amateur soccer players. Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery. DOI: 10.1007/s00402-014-2008-6
Take Home Message: Patients with shoulder impingement syndrome (SIS) who underwent a thoracic spine manipulation (TSM) had an immediate decrease in symptoms; however, no differences in scapular kinematics were identified.... Read more »
Haik, M., Alburquerque-Sendín, F., Silva, C., Siqueira-Junior, A., Ribeiro, I., & Camargo, P. (2014) Scapular Kinematics Pre and Post Thoracic Thrust Manipulation in Invidividuals With and Without Shoulder Impingement Symptoms: A Randomized Controlled Study. Journal of Orthopaedic , 1-38. DOI: 10.2519/jospt.2014.4760
Take Home Message: Athletes at a NCAA Division I institution demonstrate clinically important differences in exercise behavior compared with nonathletes; however, former athletes had similar exercise behaviors as nonathletes.... Read more »
Sorenson, S., Romano, R., Azen, S., Schroeder, E., & Salem, G. (2014) Life Span Exercise Among Elite Intercollegiate Student Athletes. Sports Health: A Multidisciplinary Approach. DOI: 10.1177/1941738114534813
An early ACL reconstruction may lead to lower cost than individuals with an optional delayed ACL reconstruction. While this may help clinicians counsel patients, caution should be exercised as little is understood about long-term effects of each option and these results represent societal cost and may not always be applicable to a specific patient.... Read more »
Mather, R., Hettrich, C., Dunn, W., Cole, B., Bach, B., Huston, L., Reinke, E., Spindler, K., Koenig, L., Amendola, A.... (2014) Cost-effectiveness Analysis of Early Reconstruction Versus Rehabilitation and Delayed Reconstruction for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tears. The American Journal of Sports Medicine. DOI: 10.1177/0363546514530866
Elite-level alpine skiers with a family history of ACL injury are more likely to sustain an ACL injury themselves compared with skiers without a family history of an ACL injury. ... Read more »
Westin, M., Reeds-Lundqvist, S., & Werner, S. (2014) The correlation between anterior cruciate ligament injury in elite alpine skiers and their parents. Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy. DOI: 10.1007/s00167-014-2974-9
Male athletes have the highest risk for sudden cardiac arrest compared with non-athletes. Preventative measures should be targeted to this at-risk population, specifically in higher risk sports such as football and basketball. ... Read more »
Toresdahl, B., Rao, A., Harmon, K., & Drezner, J. (2014) Incidence of sudden cardiac arrest in high school student athletes on school campus. Heart Rhythm. DOI: 10.1016/j.hrthm.2014.04.017
Female athletes are under-represented in sports and exercise medicine research. This could have widespread implications to the clinical setting if we don’t know whether certain risk factors or treatments affect males and females differently.... Read more »
Costello JT, Bieuzen F, & Bleakley CM. (2014) Where are all the female participants in Sports and Exercise Medicine research?. European Journal of Sport Science, 1-5. PMID: 24766579
At 2 years post-surgery, matrix-applied characterized autologous cultured chondrocytes had superior clinical outcomes compared with microfracture surgery for management of large cartilage lesions. Structurally there were no differences between this technique and microfracture at the same 2 year follow-up point.... Read more »
Saris, D., Price, A., Widuchowski, W., Bertrand-Marchand, M., Caron, J., Drogset, J., Emans, P., Podskubka, A., Tsuchida, A., Kili, S.... (2014) Matrix-Applied Characterized Autologous Cultured Chondrocytes Versus Microfracture: Two-Year Follow-up of a Prospective Randomized Trial. The American Journal of Sports Medicine. DOI: 10.1177/0363546514528093
The clinical reaction time test is a cost efficient, simple test to perform; however, further validation of this clinical measure is warranted before incorporation into the concussion protocol.
... Read more »
Macdonald J, Wilson J, Young J, Duerson D, Swisher G, Collins CL, & Meehan WP 3rd. (2014) Evaluation of a Simple Test of Reaction Time for Baseline Concussion Testing in a Population of High School Athletes. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine. PMID: 24727576
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