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According to the social scientist John Mayer, from Western Reserve University, people with a higher IQ drink more alcohol than the average person. He published a research article about his findings in the journal Review of General Psychology. His explanation: it is all about novel evolutionarily experiences.... Read more »
Mayer, J.D., Lin, S. C. . (2011) Exploring the universality of personality judgments: Evidence from the Great Transformation. Review of General Psychology. DOI: 10.1037/a0020711
You’re under attack! Quick, what do you do? One of the options is to curl up and protect your vulnerable parts, to roll your body into a little ball and prevent as much damage as you possibly can. From woodlice to hedgehogs, this is a defensive strategy that’s widely used throughout the animal kingdom. Now, a new discovery, published in Biology Letters, exposes the earliest known example of this behavior.... Read more »
Ortega-Hernández J, Esteve J, & Butterfield NJ. (2013) Humble origins for a successful strategy: complete enrolment in early Cambrian olenellid trilobites. Biology letters, 9(5), 20130679. PMID: 24068021
Is life worth living? It all depends on the liver, postulated ‘Father of American psychology’ William James (1842-1910). His famous quote underlines the central role the liver plays in detoxification, digestion of lipids, storage of nutrients to maintain homeostasis and so on.
Sadly, liver cancer is one the most common cancers worldwide, with 750.000 new patients each year and presumably causing almost 700.000 deaths annually. These figures reveal that liver cancer is extremely lethal and we need to understand more about its etiology.... Read more »
Yoshimoto S, Loo TM, Atarashi K, Kanda H, Sato S, Oyadomari S, Iwakura Y, Oshima K, Morita H, Hattori M.... (2013) Obesity-induced gut microbial metabolite promotes liver cancer through senescence secretome. Nature, 499(7456), 97-101. PMID: 23803760
Bracci PM. (2012) Obesity and pancreatic cancer: overview of epidemiologic evidence and biologic mechanisms. Molecular carcinogenesis, 51(1), 53-63. PMID: 22162231
Ridaura VK, Faith JJ, Rey FE, Cheng J, Duncan AE, Kau AL, Griffin NW, Lombard V, Henrissat B, Bain JR.... (2013) Gut microbiota from twins discordant for obesity modulate metabolism in mice. Science (New York, N.Y.), 341(6150), 1241214. PMID: 24009397
Swartz MA, Iida N, Roberts EW, Sangaletti S, Wong MH, Yull FE, Coussens LM, & DeClerck YA. (2012) Tumor microenvironment complexity: emerging roles in cancer therapy. Cancer research, 72(10), 2473-80. PMID: 22414581
Jin G, Kawsar HI, Hirsch SA, Zeng C, Jia X, Feng Z, Ghosh SK, Zheng QY, Zhou A, McIntyre TM.... (2010) An antimicrobial peptide regulates tumor-associated macrophage trafficking via the chemokine receptor CCR2, a model for tumorigenesis. PloS one, 5(6). PMID: 20544025
Egesten A, Eliasson M, Olin AI, Erjefält JS, Bjartell A, Sangfelt P, & Carlson M. (2007) The proinflammatory CXC-chemokines GRO-alpha/CXCL1 and MIG/CXCL9 are concomitantly expressed in ulcerative colitis and decrease during treatment with topical corticosteroids. International journal of colorectal disease, 22(12), 1421-7. PMID: 17703315
Williams S.C.P. (2013) Link between obesity and cancer. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. info:/
Many neuroscientific studies add to an ever-growing catalogue of male-female differences: what are they, and how do they arise? But how should we see the differences between the female and male brain? ... Read more »
Jordan-Young, R. . (2011) Hardwired for sexism? Approaches to Seks/Gender in neuroscience. Neuroethics. DOI: 10.1007/s12152-011-9134-4
Wexler, B.E. (2011) Culture and Neural Frames of Cognition And Communication. Springer Ebooks. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-15423-2_1
Have you always wanted a 3-D printer but never really had a justification for the investment? Well, a study done by Michigan technological University has your back. It shows that in many cases 3-D printing products are more environmentally friendly than mass production.... Read more »
Christian Baechler, Matthew DeVuono, Joshua M. Pearce. (2013) Distributed recycling of waste polymer into RepRap feedstock. Rapid Prototyping Journal. DOI: 10.1108/13552541311302978
If you are now in the agonizing phase of your life where you are looking for a job, you might already be all too aware of this: your comments and expressions on social media sites should be under heavy scrutiny to make sure your online image is as pitch perfect as the image you present in your CV.... Read more »
Stoughton JW, Thompson LF, & Meade AW. (2013) Big Five Personality Traits Reflected in Job Applicants' Social Media Postings. Cyberpsychology, behavior and social networking. PMID: 23790360
Could feelings about ourselves and our group be one of the driving forces behind the growing problem of depression among adolescents? Two Indian researchers tested it and offer explanations.... Read more »
Shraddha Sharma and Surila Agarwala. (2013) Contribution of Self-Esteem and Collective Self-Esteem in Predicting Depression . Psychological Thought. DOI: 10.5964/psyct.v6i1.50
Good news for women with PCOS or POI. Researchers just demonstrated that they can reactivate their ovarian function by cutting follicles into fragments, leading to successful pregnancies.... Read more »
Kawamura K, Cheng Y, Suzuki N, Deguchi M, Sato Y, Takae S, Ho CH, Kawamura N, Tamura M, Hashimoto S.... (2013) Hippo signaling disruption and Akt stimulation of ovarian follicles for infertility treatment. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. PMID: 24082083
Researchers discovered how Yersinia pestis uses stealth tactics and friendly fire to kill. ... Read more »
Pechous RD, Sivaraman V, Price PA, Stasulli NM, . (2013) Early host cell targets of Yersinia pestis during primary pneumonic plague. PLoS Pathogens. DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1003679
How they detect the changes, is not clear yet. But insects can feel the air pressure dropping before a storm. They then have whole new strategies of approaching the other gender.... Read more »
Pellegrino AC, Penaflor MFGV, Nardi C, Bezner-Kerr W, & Guglielmo CG,. (2013) Weather Forecasting by Insects: Modified Sexual Behaviour in Response to Atmospheric Pressure Changes. PloS ONE. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0075004
We feel the crisis everwhere. But what happens when it affects our health? What about hospitals not being able to get us the best treatment available? A study performed by Ades et al. has determined that government’s health expenditures are crucial for cancer mortality. ... Read more »
Ades F, Senterre C, de Azambuja E, Sullivan R, Popescu R, Parent F, & Piccart M. (2013) Discrepancies in cancer incidence and mortality and its relationship to health expenditure in the 27 European Union member states. Annals of oncology : official journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology / ESMO. PMID: 24078620
The 2013 Ig Nobel Physics Prize went to five researchers from Europe for ‘discovering that some people would be physically capable of running across the surface of a pond—if those people and that pond were on the moon’.... Read more »
Alberto E. Minetti, Yuri P. Ivanenko, Germana Cappellini, Nadia Dominici, Francesco Lacquaniti. (2012) Humans Running in Place on Water at Simulated Reduced Gravity. PLoS ONE. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0037300
J. W. Glasheen, T. A. McMahon. (1996) A hydrodynamic model of locomotion in Basilisk Lizards (Basiliscus Basiliscus). Nature. DOI: 10.1038/380340a0
Each of the more than 200 different cell types in the human body contains an identical copy of the genome but expresses a distinct set of genes. How does a genome guide a limited set of genes to be expressed at different levels in distinct cell types? New research gives insight into epigenetic maps.... Read more »
Fungus in your body? Iew! Not really. Almost everyone has Candida albicans in their guts. New research shows when, and when it doesn't, cause diseases.... Read more »
Patenaude C, Zhang Y, Cormack B, Köhler J, & Rao R. (2013) Essential Role for Vacuolar Acidification in Candida albicans Virulence. The Journal of biological chemistry, 288(36), 26256-64. PMID: 23884420
Climate-saviors are not only the Greenpeace activist type of people. You also have the honeybees and the mules, for example. What would you consider yourself?... Read more »
Gifford, R. (2013) Dragons, mules, and honeybees: Barriers, carriers, and unwitting enablers of climate change action. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. DOI: 10.1177/0096340213493258
Abdul-Muhmin, A.G. (2007) Explaining consumers’ willingness to be environmentally friendly. International Journal of Consumer Studies. DOI: 10.1111/j.1470-6431.2006.00528.x
Vlek, C. (2000) Essential Psychology for Environmental Policy Making. International Journal of Psychology. DOI: 10.1080/002075900399457
It doesn’t matter whether or not you think it’s fair: if you’re an academic, your publishing record will have a crucial impact on your career.
It can profoundly affect your prospects for employment, for winning research grants, for climbing the academic ladder, for having a teaching load that doesn’t absorb all your time, for winning academic prizes and fellowships, and for gaining the respect of your peers.... Read more »
Dr. William F Laurance,, Diane Carolina Useche, Susan Gai Laurance and Prof. Corey J. A. Bradshaw. (2013) Predicting Publication Success for Biologists. BioScience. info:/
The significance of rank and confidence play an important role for school pupils. There is an assumption that children perform better amongst highly achieving peers. High class achievement might be thought to indicate better teaching, or to induce academic competition between students. However, new research counters this common assumption.... Read more »
Daniel Aaronson et al. (2007) Teachers and Student Achievement in the Chicago Public High Schools. Journal of labor economics. DOI: 10.1086/508733
Gender based violence is a deeply embedded problem in many societies and cultures. Despite this, efforts to challenge it are rarely seen at a primary school level. There is a perception that children aged 11 and 12 are too young to “know” about violence, or to offer opinions on it. But this is something that has to change if we are ever going to combat the attitudes and behaviour that can lead to this type of violence.... Read more »
Nancy Lombard. (2013) Young People’s Temporal and Spatial Accounts of Gendered Violence. Sociology. DOI: 10.1177/0038038512458734
According to British historian Arnold Toynbee, “History is just one damned thing after another.” Or is it? That is the question Peter Turchin of the University of Connecticut in Storrs tries to answer in a new study just published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. He and his colleagues show history may be deterministic, at least to a certain extent. Their computer simulations show that warfare may have been the main driver behind the formation of empires, bureaucracies and religions.... Read more »
Peter Turchin et al. (2013) War, space, and the evolution of Old World complex societies. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America PNAS, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1308825110
Researchers have studied the correlation between the activity in bed and the salary of some workers. As it turns out, those who do not have such an intense sex life, have lower salaries (3 percent less) than those who do.
Sex will make you rich. No, this is not an advertisement to promote prostitution, but the result of a research conducted by Nick Drydakis from the Anglia Ruskin University of Cambridge. His paper, which was terminated in July after one year of research, tested over 7500 persons in Greece. The results show that the more passion one has the more he earns: those who have sex more than four times per week have a salary 5% higher than average. On the other hand, for those who do not practice the ars amatoria regularly, the salary drops down to 3,2% below average.... Read more »
Nick Drydakis. (2013) The effect of sexual activity on wages. IZA. info:/
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