Shaheen Lakhan

435 posts · 748,488 views

Brain Blogger covers topics from multidimensional biopsychosocial perspectives. It reviews the latest news and stories related to neuroscience, psychiatry, and neurology. It serves as a focal point for attracting new minds beyond the science of the mind-and-brain and into the biopsychosocial model.

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  • October 10, 2008
  • 10:09 AM

Health Care and Politics I - The Republicans

by Shaheen Lakhan in Brain Blogger

No matter which side of the political fence you sit on, most Americans agree that our health care system is broken. Health care costs in the United States are approximately 16% of our gross domestic product (GDP), and they are expected to reach 20% of the GDP by 2017. That amounts to a staggering $4.3 [...]... Read more »

  • October 7, 2008
  • 07:57 PM

China’s Tainted Reputation

by Shaheen Lakhan in Brain Blogger

Call me paranoid but I am careful about what I allow in my house. When I buy toys for my son I actually look to see where they are made. The same with clothing. And ditto for food items. Although I consider these actions quite sound, there is a kink when it comes to execution.

You [...]... Read more »

  • October 3, 2008
  • 01:11 PM

Writing Away Your Worries

by Shaheen Lakhan in Brain Blogger

I have always been a fan of the written word. Even before I started my professional writing career I wrote. In school yes, but I wrote beyond what was required for classes. I wrote fiction stories and a little poetry but I mainly spent my time filling up diaries and journals. Even though I sometimes [...]... Read more »

  • October 1, 2008
  • 11:37 AM

Sleep Deprivation, Behavior, and the Young

by Shaheen Lakhan in Brain Blogger

These days, sleep is often seen as an expendable resource. With so much work to do and limited time to accomplish tasks, going to sleep later and waking up earlier seems so natural. For some people, lack of sleep was used to prove toughness and stamina. It was common for physician trainees to boast (in [...]... Read more »

J. John Mann. (2003) Neurobiology of suicidal behaviour. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 4(10), 819-828. DOI: 10.1038/nrn1220  

  • September 28, 2008
  • 05:43 PM

Preventative Care in Medicine

by Shaheen Lakhan in Brain Blogger

Medicine and health care are classified into various categories based on different specifying criteria. One of the classifications is a distinction on the basis of preventative and curative care: primary, secondary and tertiary cares. Primary care occurs when lifestyle modification behaviors are taught and encouraged in order to maintain a state of good health before [...]... Read more »

  • September 26, 2008
  • 11:08 AM

Cheating Husbands - What His Genes Tell Us

by Shaheen Lakhan in Brain Blogger

If you knew that your husband was twice as likely to be unfaithful in your marriage than another man, would you still marry him? Scientists have discovered a gene that may be able to tell just that. The question is: would you want to know if he had the gene?

We know strong emotional relationships are [...]... Read more »

H. Walum, L. Westberg, S. Henningsson, J. M. Neiderhiser, D. Reiss, W. Igl, J. M. Ganiban, E. L. Spotts, N. L. Pedersen, E. Eriksson.... (2008) Genetic variation in the vasopressin receptor 1a gene (AVPR1A) associates with pair-bonding behavior in humans. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 105(37), 14153-14156. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0803081105  

  • September 25, 2008
  • 01:39 AM

Reduced Empathy Following Traumatic Brain Injury

by Shaheen Lakhan in Brain Blogger

Empathy is the ability and quality that allows humans to feel and understand what others are experiencing. It literally means “with [em-] suffering [-pathos]” as in suffering along with someone else. Empathy is not just emotionally suffering; it is also cognitively understanding what another person is going through; walking in their shoes, per se. [...]... Read more »

RODGER LL. WOOD, & CLAIRE WILLIAMS. (2008) Inability to empathize following traumatic brain injury. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 14(02). DOI: 10.1017/S1355617708080326  

  • September 22, 2008
  • 10:48 AM

Are Doctors Super Human?

by Shaheen Lakhan in Brain Blogger

It’s common knowledge that an example is more powerful than words. After all, aren’t parents routinely admonished for telling their children to do one thing while clearly breaking that same rule themselves? For parents and non-parents alike, saying one thing while doing something else greatly diminishes the influence of the words. Maybe that explains why [...]... Read more »

  • September 18, 2008
  • 07:04 PM

Water - How Much is Too Much?

by Shaheen Lakhan in Brain Blogger

A few years ago, my friend encouraged her father to drink large amounts of water through hot and sultry summer afternoons in India in a bid to sustain hydration in him — with solely good intentions. The next year, he was diagnosed with cardiomyopathy — which meant that his heart muscles were not pumping efficiently; [...]... Read more »

Irene Baldoni, Rosanna Cordiali, Mauro Jorini, Mohamad Maghnie, & Fernando M. de Benedictis. (2007) Case 1: An infant with water intoxication. Acta Paediatrica, 96(6), 926-927. DOI: 10.1111/j.1651-2227.2007.00312.x  

  • September 17, 2008
  • 09:50 AM

Involving Physicians in Military Interrogations

by Shaheen Lakhan in Brain Blogger

A recent New England Journal of Medicine article questions the ethics of psychiatrists being involved in interrogations. In 2006 the American Psychiatric Association (APA), the American Medical Association (AMA), and the American Psychological Association (APA) issued statements that it is unethical for doctors and psychologists to be directly involved in the interrogation process. Directly involved [...]... Read more »

  • September 16, 2008
  • 11:09 PM

What Does Your iPod Say About You?

by Shaheen Lakhan in Brain Blogger

Right now, I have hundreds of songs on my mp3 player. I listen to everything from heavy metal when I run, to classical when I need to relax, to jazz when I am cooking. I listen to Broadway show tunes, movie soundtracks, and classic rock, depending on my mood. I also have tracks of nursery [...]... Read more »

  • September 14, 2008
  • 12:30 PM

Is the Primary Care Physician Becoming Extinct?

by Shaheen Lakhan in Brain Blogger

Anyone who has tried to visit a primary care physician lately likely knows first hand that there is a shortage of general practice physicians in the United States. Primary care physicians provide half of the health care obtained in the outpatient setting, but over the past several decades, career interest in internal medicine, particularly general [...]... Read more »

K. E. Hauer, S. J. Durning, W. N. Kernan, M. J. Fagan, M. Mintz, P. S. O'Sullivan, M. Battistone, T. DeFer, M. Elnicki, H. Harrell.... (2008) Factors Associated With Medical Students' Career Choices Regarding Internal Medicine. JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association, 300(10), 1154-1164. DOI: 10.1001/jama.300.10.1154  

Karen E. Hauer, Mark J. Fagan, Walter Kernan, Matthew Mintz, & Steven J. Durning. (2008) Internal Medicine Clerkship Directors’ Perceptions About Student Interest in Internal Medicine Careers. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 23(7), 1101-1104. DOI: 10.1007/s11606-008-0640-y  

E. Salsberg, P. H. Rockey, K. L. Rivers, S. E. Brotherton, & G. R. Jackson. (2008) US Residency Training Before and After the 1997 Balanced Budget Act. JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association, 300(10), 1174-1180. DOI: 10.1001/jama.300.10.1174  

  • September 13, 2008
  • 01:08 PM

George Huntington and the Disease Bearing His Name

by Shaheen Lakhan in Brain Blogger

George Huntington was the son and grandson of medical practitioners. He gave rise to a great interest in the origins of this disease which now bears his name.

At the age of 22, the year following his graduation from medical school at Columbia, George Huntington (1850-1916) made his contribution to medical research, publishing his report on [...]... Read more »

  • September 13, 2008
  • 01:42 AM

Physiological Effects of Alcohol Consumption

by Shaheen Lakhan in Brain Blogger

Alcohol (when used commonly refers to ethanol) is consumed widely around the world for numerous reasons. Its properties have been both praised and demonized. In humans it generally acts as a depressant with, conversely, mild stimulating effects of some parts of the brain. At low levels of consumption alcohol has minimal effects on a person; [...]... Read more »

  • September 11, 2008
  • 10:03 PM

Antipsychotics May Decrease the Risk of Suicide

by Shaheen Lakhan in Brain Blogger

Suicide is an all-too familiar consequence of depression. Up to 15% of patients with untreated or undertreated depression commit suicide. The goal of treatment for depressive disorders is to alleviate the symptoms of depression, which may include an inability to experience pleasure, a pessimistic attitude, and generalized anxiety. Patients with psychotic symptoms of depression — [...]... Read more »

  • September 8, 2008
  • 11:30 PM

Planning for Postnatal Depression

by Shaheen Lakhan in Brain Blogger

Depression is a subtle thing. It can easily take on the disguise of other illnesses or temporary conditions.

Tired? Who isn’t? Sad? Well, the world can be depressing. Worried? Yeah, that’s why we all have grey hairs. Can’t sleep well? Join the club. Aren’t hungry? You’re just too busy. Unfocused? You just need to simplify. Irritable? [...]... Read more »

  • September 7, 2008
  • 05:01 PM

Are You Vegetarian? How Do You Get Enough Protein?

by Shaheen Lakhan in Brain Blogger

If only I had a nickel each time I was asked this question! Well, I am vegetarian, and my meals are balanced and healthy. I have not been diagnosed with deficiencies or malnourishment yet. On the other hand, I feel light and healthy, eat 25% less fat (than meat eaters) on an average, and save [...]... Read more »

Liliane Chatenoud, Alessandra Tavani, Carlo La Vecchia, David R. Jacobs, Eva Negri, Fabio Levi, & Silvia Franceschi. (1998) Whole grain food intake and cancer risk. International Journal of Cancer, 77(1), 24-28. DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0215(19980703)77:13.3.CO;2-0  

  • September 6, 2008
  • 12:30 PM

A Baby’s Smile - Mom’s Natural High

by Shaheen Lakhan in Brain Blogger

Many people, at one time or another, have witnessed this ritual: a beaming new mother enters with baby pictures. A group of genuinely excited women gather around the new mother admiring the pictures as they are passed around. The new mother is oblivious to the fact that she has showed dozens of pictures at different [...]... Read more »

  • September 6, 2008
  • 12:06 AM

When “Alternative” Isn’t Anymore - The Ketogenic Diet in Epilepsy

by Shaheen Lakhan in Brain Blogger

I hang out sometimes on a forum for parents of children with epilepsy. It’s a heartbreaking place. If there are kids whose seizures are controlled by medication and who are doing well — or even making it through the day — in school, their parents are posting somewhere else.

The forum’s purpose is to let parents [...]... Read more »

Lin Xu, Nicholas Rensing, Xiao-Feng Yang, Hai Xia Zhang, Liu Lin Thio, Steven M. Rothman, Aryan E. Weisenfeld, Michael Wong, & Kelvin A. Yamada. (2008) Leptin inhibits 4-aminopyridine– and pentylenetetrazole-induced seizures and AMPAR-mediated synaptic transmission in rodents. Journal of Clinical Investigation, 118(1), 272-280. DOI: 10.1172/JCI33009  

E NEAL, H CHAFFE, R SCHWARTZ, M LAWSON, N EDWARDS, G FITZSIMMONS, A WHITNEY, & J CROSS. (2008) The ketogenic diet for the treatment of childhood epilepsy: a randomised controlled trial. The Lancet Neurology, 7(6), 500-506. DOI: 10.1016/S1474-4422(08)70092-9  

  • September 3, 2008
  • 10:52 PM

The Dark Side of Antibiotics

by Shaheen Lakhan in Brain Blogger

I have many memories of being sick as a child. I remember lying on the couch watching movies with our rented VCR and putting sympathy stickers given to me by my older sisters in my sticker book. I remember stopping by the meat market to buy a BBQ burger and bag of Cheetos before heading [...]... Read more »

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