415 posts · 648,190 views
This is the personal blog of a Dutch psychiatrist working in a University hospital. His specialty in psychiatry is the treatment of depression. This explains his interest in electroconvulsive therapy and the development of new forms of neurostimulation for the treatment of depression. He is also involved in medical education. He does research in the treatment and neuroscience of depression. He mostly writes about these topics on this blog for fun and to keep up with recent developments. Besides writing about his work he also writes about other subjects that (neuro)stimulates him such as chocolate, computer gaming, gadgets, and Internet. The postings are based on what I want to write about and what I feel will be interesting to read.
Loneliness is a subjective experience in which the individual’s relationships are fewer or less satisfying than desired. Loneliness is divided in two forms, the chronic loneliness or trait loneliness and the mood loneliness.
Chronic loneliness is when a person fails to establish satisfactory personal relationships with others for two or more consecutive years, reflecting “long-term [...]... Read more »
For depression several self help treatment options are available. In short mutual self help groups, cognitive behavioral therapy and problem solving therapy are the most important
Mutual help groups provide limited but promising evidence that mutual help groups benefit people with three types of problems: chronic mental illness, depression/anxiety, and bereavement.
Cognitive behavioral therapy is very efficient [...]... Read more »
Lisanne Warmerdam, Annemieke van Straten, Jos Twisk, Heleen Riper, & Pim Cuijpers. (2008) Internet-Based Treatment for Adults with Depressive Symptoms: Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 10(4). DOI: 10.2196/jmir.1094
Normally I am used to put the slides of my lectures online on BlackBoard before the actual lecture. In this way the hand outs can be used to understand the material better, at least that is what I hope for. Others never give their slides to students because they’re afraid the students will not attend [...]... Read more »
Kimberley A. Babb, & Craig Ross. (2009) The timing of online lecture slide availability and its effect on attendance, participation, and exam performance. Computers , 52(4), 868-881. DOI: 10.1016/j.compedu.2008.12.009
Research suggests that up to 97% of women and 68% of men experience food cravings. Chocolate is the most common one of the craved foods, typically high calorie.
A number of situations have been shown to experimentally increase cravings of chocolate consumption. For example,chocolate abstinence, stress and exposure to chocolate cues increase urges to eat chocolate. [...]... Read more »
A TAYLOR, & A OLIVER. (2009) Acute effects of brisk walking on urges to eat chocolate, affect, and responses to a stressor and chocolate cue. An experimental study. Appetite, 52(1), 155-160. DOI: 10.1016/j.appet.2008.09.004
Gaming among college-aged men may provide a healthy source of socialization, relaxation, and coping. In college aged men there was no significant correlation between BMI, academic performance, social functioning and frequency of online game play. Women and men differ hardly in performance with online gaming. Women probably use gender neutral characters and names, they probably [...]... Read more »
We already discussed the reduction of the risk of mortality from cardiovascular diseases by dark chocolate. In a recent publication the results of a study with cacao liquor polyphenol fed Kurosawa and Kusanagi- hypercholesterolaemic rabbits were published.
After 6 months of dietary administration of cacao liquor polyphenols, heart rate and blood pressure were lowered [...]... Read more »
Megumi Akita, Masayoshi Kuwahara, Fumi Itoh, Yoshihisa Nakano, Naomi Osakabe, Tohru Kurosawa, & Hirokazu Tsubone. (2008) Effects of Cacao Liquor Polyphenols on Cardiovascular and Autonomic Nervous Functions in Hypercholesterolaemic Rabbits. Basic , 103(6), 581-587. DOI: 10.1111/j.1742-7843.2008.00331.x
PowerPoint is best used when students are expected to retain complex graphics, animation, and figures. For alphanumeric information (e.g. text and numbers) Powerpoint as well as traditional presentations can be used. If students are expected to retain information and/or concepts that are best conveyed through dialog or verbal explanation, traditional presentations appear to be best. [...]... Read more »
April Savoy, Robert W. Proctor, & Gavriel Salvendy. (2009) Information retention from PowerPoint™ and traditional lectures. Computers , 52(4), 858-867. DOI: 10.1016/j.compedu.2008.12.005
People with low self-esteem are less inclined to take measures to improve their mood as in contrast to people with high self-esteem. People with high self-esteem are more motivated to improve a sad mood. Take this recognizable striking example:
Holly and Lucy, who share an apartment in Toronto, are each feeling down in the dumps after [...]... Read more »
Joanne V. Wood, Sara A. Heimpel, Laurie A. Manwell, & Elizabeth J. Whittington. (2009) This mood is familiar and I don't deserve to feel better anyway: Mechanisms underlying self-esteem differences in motivation to repair sad moods. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 96(2), 363-380. DOI: 10.1037/a0012881
You have a personality profile but you also have a technology profile. A technology profile is intended to characterize and predict how individuals are likely to respond to various aspects of information technology (IT). The technology profile is more concerned with attitudes that may change with experience, rather than with the fundamental, relatively enduring traits [...]... Read more »
I SPENCE, C DEYOUNG, & J FENG. (2008) The technology profile inventory: Construction, validation, and application. Computers in Human Behavior. DOI: 10.1016/j.chb.2008.10.009
The web is often used to find medical information. An increasing number of individuals, companies and other stakeholders have their own websites. The content of these websites is largely unregulated and the enquirer has no way of telling whether the information is reliable. This makes it impossible to make an informed decision. The information found [...]... Read more »
Ulla Närhi, Marika Pohjanoksa-Mäntylä, Anna Karjalainen, Johanna K. Saari, Hannes Wahlroos, Marja S. Airaksinen, & Simon J. Bell. (2008) The DARTS tool for assessing online medicines information. Pharmacy World , 30(6), 898-906. DOI: 10.1007/s11096-008-9249-9
Why is maintenance antidepressant therapy important?
Of patients with a depressive disorder 50% will have further episodes
The recurrence rate of depression is 80 to 90% after 3 episodes
Poor adherence to treatment of chronic conditions such as depressive disorder is a large problem
Nonadherence rates in recurrent depressed patients range from 39.7% to 52.7% with a mean of [...]... Read more »
Ten Doesschate MC, Bockting CL, Koeter MW, & Schene AH. (2009) Predictors of nonadherence to continuation and maintenance antidepressant medication in patients with remitted recurrent depression. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. DOI: 19192463
New data are being published about deep brain stimulation and treatment resistant depression. Especially longer follow up is of importance. In recent published research about deep brain stimulation for treatment resistant depression, six months after surgery, 60% of patients were responders and 35% met criteria for remission, benefits that were largely maintained at 12 months. [...]... Read more »
A LOZANO, H MAYBERG, P GIACOBBE, C HAMANI, R CRADDOCK, & S KENNEDY. (2008) Subcallosal Cingulate Gyrus Deep Brain Stimulation for Treatment-Resistant Depression. Biological Psychiatry, 64(6), 461-467. DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2008.05.034
The use of chocolate as medicine has a long and interesting history in Europe and South America. This history is very well documented. Little is known about the medicinal use of chocolate in Northern America until recent.
Eighteenth century Anglo-Americans brought from Europe long-held medical beliefs to the newly formed Colonial Territories. Medicine practiced in 17th [...]... Read more »
Deanna L. Pucciarelli, & Louis E. Grivetti. (2008) The Medicinal Use of Chocolate in Early North America. Molecular Nutrition , 52(10), 1215-1227. DOI: 10.1002/mnfr.200700264
It’s no secret that Dr Shock enjoys a video game now and then. Time flies when I am having fun, at least that’s what I thought.
In recent research this phrase: “time flies when having fun” doesn’t apply to playing video games. Surprisingly the enjoyment values recorded for each task in this trial, 8 minutes [...]... Read more »
S TOBIN, & S GRONDIN. (2009) Video games and the perception of very long durations by adolescents. Computers in Human Behavior. DOI: 10.1016/j.chb.2008.12.002
Characteristics of social networking sites
It can allow an individual to find others with the same interests such as dates or other social purposes such as hobbies
It can maintain pre-existing social connections
It can result in even stronger relationships than face-to-face contact because online interactions can generate more self-disclosures and fostered deeper personal questions without offending the [...]... Read more »
C ROSS, E ORR, M SISIC, J ARSENEAULT, M SIMMERING, & R ORR. (2009) Personality and motivations associated with Facebook use. Computers in Human Behavior. DOI: 10.1016/j.chb.2008.12.024
Compared to 1999 and 2002 data from a recent survey in 2006 show an overall decline in the number of ECT applications and the number of patients treated in the United Kingdom over the 7-year period between 1999 and 2006. An increasing proportion of patients were treated under the Mental Health Act (1983).
The number [...]... Read more »
D. Bickerton, A. Worrall, & R. Chaplin. (2009) Trends in the administration of electroconvulsive therapy in England. Psychiatric Bulletin, 33(2), 61-63. DOI: 10.1192/pb.bp.107.019273
T. C. Baghai, A. Marcuse, H.-J. Möller, & R. Rupprecht. (2005) Elektrokonvulsionstherapie an der Klinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie der Universität München. Der Nervenarzt, 76(5), 597-612. DOI: 10.1007/s00115-004-1813-5
P SIENAERT, M DIERICK, G DEGRAEVE, & J PEUSKENS. (2006) Electroconvulsive therapy in Belgium: A nationwide survey on the practice of electroconvulsive therapy. Journal of Affective Disorders, 90(1), 67-71. DOI: 10.1016/j.jad.2005.09.016
A mutual help group is defined as a group of people sharing a similar problem, who meet regularly to exchange information and to give and receive psychological support, like Alcohol Anonymous. Traditionally, groups meet face to face, but internetbased groups have expanded rapidly in recent years.
In a recently published review of 12 studies meeting strict [...]... Read more »
Nancy Pistrang, Chris Barker, & Keith Humphreys. (2008) Mutual Help Groups for Mental Health Problems: A Review of Effectiveness Studies. American Journal of Community Psychology, 42(1-2), 110-121. DOI: 10.1007/s10464-008-9181-0
Undergraduate general psychology students listening to podcasts from a lecture of their professor who took notes while listening to the podcast scored significantly higher than the students attending the in-class lecture condition on the exam on lecture content.
Ten years ago I would have given about 7 days of lectures to hordes of medical students, 2 [...]... Read more »
Dani McKinney, Jennifer L. Dyck, & Elise S. Luber. (2009) iTunes University and the classroom: Can podcasts replace Professors?. Computers , 52(3), 617-623. DOI: 10.1016/j.compedu.2008.11.004
Their exists a large amount of online libraries. Their articles identified by URIs and DOIs
DOIs are a specific type of URI and similar to the International Standard Book Numbers (ISBN), allowing persistent and unique identification of a publication (or indeed part of a publication), independently of its location. DOIs can be used to retrieve metadata [...]... Read more »
Duncan Hull, Steve R. Pettifer, & Douglas B. Kell. (2008) Defrosting the Digital Library: Bibliographic Tools for the Next Generation Web. PLoS Computational Biology, 4(10). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000204
In this recent study most of the third year medical students (91,2%) were exposed to any drug marketing type, and 56.8% of students were exposed to all classes of marketing methods. This made the medical students less sensitive to the negative effects of and having positive opinions about interactions with pharmaceutical companies. Want to know [...]... Read more »
Ozlem Sarikaya, Murat Civaner, & Kevser Vatansever. (2009) Exposure of medical students to pharmaceutical marketing in primary care settings: frequent and influential. Advances in Health Sciences Education. DOI: 10.1007/s10459-009-9153-7
Do you write about peer-reviewed research in your blog? Use ResearchBlogging.org to make it easy for your readers — and others from around the world — to find your serious posts about academic research.
If you don't have a blog, you can still use our site to learn about fascinating developments in cutting-edge research from around the world.
Research Blogging is powered by SMG Technology.
To learn more, visit seedmediagroup.com.