by Andrea in Science of Eating Disorders
The idea of including dance and movement in interventions for eating disorders may seem somewhat controversial; generally, exercise and physical activity are discouraged for individuals recovering from eating disorders. Including dance in therapeutic interventions might raise a few eyebrows given the links between appearance-oriented athletic endeavors such as ballet and gymnastics and the development of eating disorders.
However, some therapists and scholars interested in alternative ther........ Read more »
Padrão, M., & Coimbra, J. (2011) The Anorectic Dance: Towards a New Understanding of Inner-Experience Through Psychotherapeutic Movement. American Journal of Dance Therapy, 33(2), 131-147. DOI: 10.1007/s10465-011-9113-7
Stem cells drawn from amniotic fluid show promise for tissue engineering, but it’s important to know what they can and cannot do. A new study by researchers at Rice University and Texas Children’s Hospital has shown that these stem cells can communicate with mature heart cells and form electrical couplings with each other similar to those found in heart tissue. But these electrical connections alone do not prompt amniotic cells to become cardiac cells.... Read more »
MIKE WILLIAMS. (2013) Heart cells change stem cell behavior. Rice University News. info:/
Prefrontal Cortex Highlighted in RedIdentifying valid biomarkers for psychosis and schizophrenia is an active focus in brain research.Tyronne Cannon, Ph.D. from Yale University recently presented a summary of research on this topic at the William K. Warren Neuroscience Symposium in Tulsa, Oklahoma. Here are my notes from his presentation along with related free full-text research references.Biomarker research in psychosis is important because current treatment for psychosis with the antipsy........ Read more »
Sun D, van Erp TG, Thompson PM, Bearden CE, Daley M, Kushan L, Hardt ME, Nuechterlein KH, Toga AW, & Cannon TD. (2009) Elucidating a magnetic resonance imaging-based neuroanatomic biomarker for psychosis: classification analysis using probabilistic brain atlas and machine learning algorithms. Biological psychiatry, 66(11), 1055-60. PMID: 19729150
Seidman LJ, Giuliano AJ, Meyer EC, Addington J, Cadenhead KS, Cannon TD, McGlashan TH, Perkins DO, Tsuang MT, Walker EF.... (2010) Neuropsychology of the prodrome to psychosis in the NAPLS consortium: relationship to family history and conversion to psychosis. Archives of general psychiatry, 67(6), 578-88. PMID: 20530007
Gee DG, Karlsgodt KH, van Erp TG, Bearden CE, Lieberman MD, Belger A, Perkins DO, Olvet DM, Cornblatt BA, Constable T.... (2012) Altered age-related trajectories of amygdala-prefrontal circuitry in adolescents at clinical high risk for psychosis: a preliminary study. Schizophrenia research, 134(1), 1-9. PMID: 22056201
NC3Rs-funded PhD student Kamar Ameen-Ali, Department of Psychology, Durham University, takes us on a trip to the House of Commons SET for BRITAIN event, where she presented her research recently to MPs and VIPs.... Read more »
Ameen-Ali, K., Eacott, M., & Easton, A. (2012) A new behavioural apparatus to reduce animal numbers in multiple types of spontaneous object recognition paradigms in rats. Journal of Neuroscience Methods, 211(1), 66-76. DOI: 10.1016/j.jneumeth.2012.08.006
In spite of the evidence to the contrary and a lack of rationality in the claim, we continue to be told that increasing the number of people with a title, such as paramedic, will result in better care.
Here is more evidence that dividing the skills among more people leads to less skilled care.
The authors begin by referring to other studies that demonstrate the high failure rate of doctors performing procedures on children.
How is that relevant to EMS? We have a low frequency of use of ........ Read more »
Mittiga, M., Geis, G., Kerrey, B., & Rinderknecht, A. (2013) The Spectrum and Frequency of Critical Procedures Performed in a Pediatric Emergency Department: Implications of a Provider-Level View. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 61(3), 263-270. DOI: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2012.06.021
Blaivas M. (2010) Inadequate needle thoracostomy rate in the prehospital setting for presumed pneumothorax: an ultrasound study. Journal of ultrasound in medicine : official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine, 29(9), 1285-9. PMID: 20733183
Tanz RR, & Charrow J. (1993) Black clouds. Work load, sleep, and resident reputation. American journal of diseases of children (1960), 147(5), 579-84. PMID: 8488808
Meyr, A., Gonzalez, O., & Mayer, A. (2011) Quantification and Perception of On-call Podiatric Surgical Resident Workload. The Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery, 50(5), 535-536. DOI: 10.1053/j.jfas.2011.04.035
When you think of drum circles taking place in the United States, visions of hippies, Birkenstocks and the vibrant green lawns of private colleges may appear. The bacteria Bacillus anthracis, or anthrax, does not often materialize alongside the skunky mix of patchouli and ganja hovering above the crowd in one’s visions of (ar)rhythmic drumming events.
... Read more »
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2010) Gastrointestinal anthrax after an animal-hide drumming event - New Hampshire and Massachusetts, 2009. MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report, 59(28), 872-7. PMID: 20651643
Like Mother, like baby! Photo from freedigitalphotos.net.Moms give us so much more than we ever give them credit for. Biologically speaking, we all have a mom and a dad (unless you’re a flatworm or some other species that can reproduce without sex) that provide us with one of each chromosome type (our chromosomes contain our genes, commonly thought of as our “biological blueprints”). So it makes sense that we tend to think of ourselves as being half-our-mom and half-our-dad. But not so! Al........ Read more »
epression together with pain, but not pain alone, may increase activity in the immune system and inflammation. These are the important findings of a new study just published in the journal “Pain Medicine”.... Read more »
Kim Kristiansen, M.D. (2013) Pain and Depression Linked to the Immune System. Picture of Pain Blog. info:/
Humans are relatively weak when it comes to oxygen utilization. We can’t go very long without breathing, while other animals can make much better use of the oxygen they take in and can therefore go longer between breaths. The reasons for these differences are starting to be understood. These include special proteins in the brain to prevent hypoxic damage, and alternate gas exchange pathways, like plastron respiration in ticks. Mycobacterium tuberculosis can survive 50 years in hypoxic cond........ Read more »
Gengenbacher, M., & Kaufmann, S. (2012) Mycobacterium tuberculosis: success through dormancy. FEMS Microbiology Reviews, 36(3), 514-532. DOI: 10.1111/j.1574-6976.2012.00331.x
Fielden, L., Knolhoff, L., Villarreal, S., & Ryan, P. (2011) Underwater survival in the dog tick Dermacentor variabilis (Acari:Ixodidae). Journal of Insect Physiology, 57(1), 21-26. DOI: 10.1016/j.jinsphys.2010.08.009
Williams, T., Zavanelli, M., Miller, M., Goldbeck, R., Morledge, M., Casper, D., Pabst, D., McLellan, W., Cantin, L., & Kliger, D. (2008) Running, swimming and diving modifies neuroprotecting globins in the mammalian brain. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 275(1636), 751-758. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2007.1484
Behavioural Risk Factors for Running Injury... Read more »
Nielsen, R., Buist, I., Parner, E., Nohr, E., Sorensen, H., Lind, M., & Rasmussen, S. (2013) Predictors of Running-Related Injuries Among 930 Novice Runners: A 1-Year Prospective Follow-up Study. Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine, 1(1). DOI: 10.1177/2325967113487316
Shocker alert: medicines might have more effects than those listed on the patient information leaflet.I like being surprised. I particularly like being surprised about medicines and health, and how many of the medicines which even reside in the typical household medicines cabinet* might carry the potential to do so much more than that listed on the package insert. Leaking? @ Wikipedia Take for example the recent paper I bumped into by Sommansson and colleagues** continuing their ........ Read more »
Sommansson A, Wan Saudi WS, Nylander O, & Sjöblom M. (2013) Melatonin inhibits alcohol-induced increases in duodenal mucosal permeability in rats in vivo. American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology. PMID: 23639810
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a joint disease affecting more than 27 million people in the U. S, globally causing moderate to severe disability in more than 40 million people. In the past decade, stem cells have shown great promise in treating OA. Yesterday, researchers at the University of Bristol announced that they have created a 'smart material', composed of silk and cellulose, that according to them paves the wave for both affordable and effective cell based treatments for cartilage regene........ Read more »
Singh, N., Rahatekar, S., Koziol, K., Ng, T., Patil, A., Mann, S., Hollander, A., & Kafienah, W. (2013) Directing Chondrogenesis of Stem Cells with Specific Blends of Cellulose and Silk. Biomacromolecules, 2147483647. DOI: 10.1021/bm301762p
A recently published paper in Scientific Reports has found that climate variability in the form of the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) has had a significant impact on the occurrence of disease outbreaks in Europe over the past fifty years. Researchers in France and the United Kingdom studied 2,058 outbreaks occurring in 36 countries from 114 infectious diseases from 1950 to 2009 and found that climatic variations and seasonal changes in air pressure across the continent attributed to the NAO in........ Read more »
Morand S, Owers KA, Waret-Szkuta A, McIntyre KM, & Baylis M. (2013) Climate variability and outbreaks of infectious diseases in Europe. Scientific reports, 1774. PMID: 23639950
Take Home Message: NSAIDs are a common treatment method for musculoskeletal injuries; however, over-the-counter availability, overuse, self-medication, and trends of initial use in high school may interfere with appropriate consumption among college athletes.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), a common treatment for athletic injuries, are generally safe medications when used short-term but can become problematic when used long-term and without oversight from a medical professional........ Read more »
Holmes N, Cronholm PF, Duffy AJ 3rd, & Webner D. (2013) Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug Use in Collegiate Football Players. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine. PMID: 23528841
If Valium makes you groggy, and Ambien makes you sleepwalk…
A compound that blocks a brain receptor you probably have never heard of may hold the key to the next generation of sleeping pills—and there is always a next generation of sleeping pills.
A new class of hypnotic compounds that serve as antagonists for the neurotransmitter orexin may combat insomnia without the “confusional arousals” that have come to plague some users of zolpidem, otherwise known as Ambien. Sleepwalking, s........ Read more »
Uslaner J. M., Tye S. J., Eddins D. M., Wang X., Fox S. V., Savitz A. T., Binns J., Cannon C. E., Garson S. L., & Yao L. (2013) Orexin Receptor Antagonists Differ from Standard Sleep Drugs by Promoting Sleep at Doses That Do Not Disrupt Cognition. Science Translational Medicine, 5(179), 179-179. DOI: 10.1126/scitranslmed.3005213
A particularly sinister aspect of drug addiction is relapse. To the ex-addict, environmental cues, life stressors and even the drug itself serve as the sirens’ call, beckoning them back into the deadly realm of abuse. Currently, doctors battle heroin temptations with psychotherapy and replacement opioid drugs, such as methadone. While effective, these treatments rely heavily [...]... Read more »
Schlosburg, J., Vendruscolo, L., Bremer, P., Lockner, J., Wade, C., Nunes, A., Stowe, G., Edwards, S., Janda, K., & Koob, G. (2013) Dynamic vaccine blocks relapse to compulsive intake of heroin. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1219159110
Tibial strain and barefoot running... Read more »
Olin ED, & Gutierrez GM. (2013) EMG and tibial shock upon the first attempt at barefoot running. Human movement science. PMID: 23643493
Researchers at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) just announced that they have successfully used induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) to create the first disease-in-a-dish model for Ataxia Telangiectasia (A-T), a rare, genetic, neurodegenerative, disease causing severe disability. The researchers consider their discovery to be a major advance for A-T research as now scientists have a reliable model to study the condition and to test new drugs.Read More... Read more »
Lee, P., Martin, N., Nakamura, K., Azghadi, S., Amiri, M., Ben-David, U., Perlman, S., Gatti, R., Hu, H., & Lowry, W. (2013) SMRT compounds abrogate cellular phenotypes of ataxia telangiectasia in neural derivatives of patient-specific hiPSCs. Nature Communications, 1824. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms2824
Yesterday, researchers from the New York Stem Cell Foundation (NYSCF) reported that they have created personalised bone substitutes which can be used to treat large, bone defects. The grafts come with no risk of rejection and can cover the exact needs of any patient, say the researchers.Read More... Read more »
Giuseppe Maria de Peppoa, Iván Marcos-Camposb, David John Kahlera, Dana Alsalmana, Linshan Shanga, Gordana Vunjak-Novakovicb, & Darja Marolta. (2013) Engineering bone tissue substitutes from human induced pluripotent stem cells. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. info:/
Prescriptions of antipsychotic (aka neuroleptic) drugs in North American children and adolescents have been rising rapidly in recent years. But why? Gabrielle Carlson of Stony Brook Children’s Hospital offers her thoughts in a brief paper: The Dramatic Rise in Neuroleptic Use In Children: Why Do We Do It and What Does It Buy Us? Carlson [...]... Read more »
Carlson GA. (2013) The dramatic rise in neuroleptic use in children: why do we do it and what does it buy us? Theories from inpatient data 1988-2010. Journal of child and adolescent psychopharmacology, 23(3), 144-7. PMID: 23607407
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