Where is the pineal gland?
Pineal gland (in red). Image courtesy of life science databases.
The pineal gland is considered part of the epithalamus, which is one the main structures that makes up the diencephalon. The pineal gland was so named because it has a pine-cone like appearance. Unlike many structures in the brain, the pineal gland is unpaired; in other words, many brain structures like the hippocampus or amygdala are symmetrical........ Read more »
One of the most famous research subjects to ever have participated in second language learning research is a man known in the literature as Alberto. In 1973 Alberto participated in a ten-month longitudinal study of his learning of various English … Continue reading →... Read more »
Piller, I., & Lising, L. (2014) Language, employment, and settlement: Temporary meat workers in Australia. Multilingua, 33(1-2). DOI: 10.1515/multi-2014-0003
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Julie M. Zito, PhD Professor of Pharmacy and Psychiatry Department of Pharmaceutical Health Services Research University of Maryland School of Pharmacy Baltimore, MD 21201 MedicalResearch: What is the background for this study? Dr. Zito: Atypical antipsychotic (AAP) … Continue reading →... Read more »
MedicalResearch.com Interview with:, & Julie M. Zito, PhD. (2015) Program Aims To Ensure Atypical Antipsychotics Used Appropriately in Children. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Anestis Dougkas, MSc, PhD Food for Health Science Centre Lund University Lund, Sweden MedicalResearch: What is the background for this study? Dr. Dougkas: There has been an increased interest in the macronutrient profile of diets and meals as … Continue reading →... Read more »
MedicalResearch.com Interview with:, & Anestis Dougkas, MSc, PhD. (2015) Protein Suppresses Appetite More Than Fat or Carbohydrates. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Dr. David T. Hsu Ph.D Department of Psychiatry, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY Department of Psychiatry The Molecular & Behavioral Neuroscience Institute University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI Medical Research: What is the background for this … Continue reading →... Read more »
MedicalResearch.com Interview with:, Dr. David T. Hsu Ph.D, Department of Psychiatry, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY, & Department of Psychiatry. (2015) Brain Opioids Malresponsive in Major Depressive Disorder. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Mallika L. Mendu, MD, MBA Division of Renal Medicine Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School Boston, MA MedicalResearch: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Mendu: Chronic kidney disease affects … Continue reading →... Read more »
MedicalResearch.com Interview with:, & Mallika L. Mendu, MD, MBA. (2015) Many Diagnostic Tests For Chronic Kidney Disease Have Low Diagnostic Yield. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Dr. Alex Johnstone PhD Rowett Institute of Nutrition and Health Aberdeen Medical Research: What is the background for this study? Response: Previous work has indicated that high-protein (30% of diet as protein) meat-based weight loss diets … Continue reading →... Read more »
MedicalResearch.com Interview with:, Dr. Alex Johnstone PhD, Rowett Institute of Nutrition and Health, & Aberdeen. (2015) Vegetarian Protein Sufficient For Appetite Control and Weight Loss. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Antti Saari, M.D. Department of Pediatrics University of Eastern Finland and Kuopio University Hospital Kuopio Finland MedicalResearch: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Saari: Growth monitoring is a fundamental part … Continue reading →... Read more »
MedicalResearch.com Interview with:, & Antti Saari, M.D. (2015) Growth Screening Facilitates Early Diagnosis of Celiac Disease in Children. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Dr. Enrico Mossello Research Unit of Medicine of Ageing Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine University of Florence MedicalResearch: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Mossello: In spite of the … Continue reading →... Read more »
MedicalResearch.com Interview with:, & Dr. Enrico Mossello. (2015) Strict Systolic Blood Pressure Control Might Impact Cognition In Elderly. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
If you have experienced — or are experiencing — mood disorders like anxiety or depression, you know about SSRI’s and chances are they didn’t do much for you. In fact studies indicate that the majority of people with mood and anxiety disorders who receive Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRI’s) are not helped by these medications. Sadly, they are the most commonly prescribed class of antidepressant medications, this is because SSRIs are designed to increase serotonin levels, a ........ Read more »
Coplan, J., Fulton, S., Reiner, W., Jackowski, A., Panthangi, V., Perera, T., Gorman, J., Huang, Y., Tang, C., Hof, P.... (2014) Elevated cerebrospinal fluid 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid in macaques following early life stress and inverse association with hippocampal volume: preliminary implications for serotonin-related function in mood and anxiety disorders. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience. DOI: 10.3389/fnbeh.2014.00440
Coplan, J., Gopinath, S., Abdallah, C., & Berry, B. (2014) A Neurobiological Hypothesis of Treatment-Resistant Depression -- Mechanisms for Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor Non-Efficacy. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience. DOI: 10.3389/fnbeh.2014.00189
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Xiao-ou Shu M.D., MPH, Ph.D Associate Director of Global Health Co-Leader, Cancer Epidemiology Research Program Ingram Professor of Cancer Research Professor of Medicine (Epidemiology) Cancer Epidemiologist MedicalResearch: What is the background for this study? What are the … Continue reading →... Read more »
MedicalResearch.com Interview with:, & Xiao-ou Shu M.D., MPH, Ph.D. (2015) High Peanut Consumption Linked To Reduced Cardiovascular Disease Mortality. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
From sworn witness accounts of alien visitations, to deep-rooted trust in quack medical treatments, the human trait that psychologists call "naive realism" has a lot to answer for. This is people's instinctive feeling that they perceive the world how it is, encapsulated by the saying "seeing is believing." The truth, of course, is that our every perception is our brain's best guess, built not merely with the raw material of what's out in the world, but just as much with the bricks of expectation........ Read more »
Hart, W., Tullett, A., Shreves, W., & Fetterman, Z. (2015) Fueling doubt and openness: Experiencing the unconscious, constructed nature of perception induces uncertainty and openness to change. Cognition, 1-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.cognition.2014.12.003
A fellow who hides in his shell until danger has passed may not seem like the epitome of manliness. Yet among hermit crabs, the shyest males have the most to offer the ladies. It's all part of their evolutionary strategy. Crabs that are long on bravery, meanwhile, are short on sperm.
Mark Briffa, an animal behavior professor at Plymouth University in the United Kingdom, and his colleagues found the surprising connection between sperm and shyness while studying "life history" in crabs. To........ Read more »
Bridger D, Bonner SJ, & Briffa M. (2015) Individual quality and personality: bolder males are less fecund in the hermit crab Pagurus bernhardus. Proceedings. Biological sciences / The Royal Society, 282(1803). PMID: 25673676
Lexical neighborhood effects are one of the most robust findings in spoken word recognition: words with many similar-sounding words ("neighbors") are recognized more slowly and less accurately than words with few neighbors. About 10 years ago, when I was just starting my post-doc training with Jim Magnuson, we wondered about semantic neighborhood effects. We found that things were less straightforward in semantics: near semantic neighbors slowed down visual word recognition, but distant semantic........ Read more »
Apfelbaum K S, Blumstein S E, & McMurray B. (2011) Semantic priming is affected by real-time phonological competition: evidence for continuous cascading systems. Psychonomic Bulletin , 18(1), 141-149. PMID: 21327343
Chen Q, & Mirman D. (2012) Competition and cooperation among similar representations: toward a unified account of facilitative and inhibitory effects of lexical neighbors. Psychological Review, 119(2), 417-430. PMID: 22352357
Chen Q, & Mirman D. (2015) Interaction Between Phonological and Semantic Representations: Time Matters. Cognitive Science. PMID: 25155249
Mirman D. (2011) Effects of near and distant semantic neighbors on word production. Cognitive, Affective , 11(1), 32-43. PMID: 21264640
Mirman D, & Magnuson J S. (2008) Attractor dynamics and semantic neighborhood density: processing is slowed by near neighbors and speeded by distant neighbors. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 34(1), 65-79. PMID: 18194055
Can we make a Star Trek phaser? In a classic example of life imitating art, the militaries of many countries are actively pursuing such directed energy weapons. So far, we’ve developed high-energy lasers and masers, particle beams, and something that looks a lot like an aimed lightning bolt. But our versions are huge, what must be overcome to make hand-held versions?... Read more »
Shao, L., Cline, D., Ding, X., Ho, Y., Kong, Q., Xu, J., Pogorelsky, I., Yakimenko, V., & Kusche, K. (2013) Simulation prediction and experiment setup of vacuum laser acceleration at Brookhaven National Lab-Accelerator Test Facility. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, 25-29. DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2012.09.053
Bartal, T., Foord, M., Bellei, C., Key, M., Flippo, K., Gaillard, S., Offermann, D., Patel, P., Jarrott, L., Higginson, D.... (2011) Focusing of short-pulse high-intensity laser-accelerated proton beams. Nature Physics, 8(2), 139-142. DOI: 10.1038/nphys2153
Peralta, E., Soong, K., England, R., Colby, E., Wu, Z., Montazeri, B., McGuinness, C., McNeur, J., Leedle, K., Walz, D.... (2013) Demonstration of electron acceleration in a laser-driven dielectric microstructure. Nature, 503(7474), 91-94. DOI: 10.1038/nature12664
R.D. Curry. (2012) Investigation of a toroidal air plasma under atmospheric conditions . Plasma Science (ICOPS), 2. DOI: 10.1109/PLASMA.2012.6383564
A promising area of transgenic plant research is focused on the use of RNA interference, or RNAi, to control insect pests. For any gene to be expressed, the DNA must first be read and converted into RNA. The RNA message is then decoded to produce a protein. Think of your cell as a house and the DNA as the master building plan for that house. Every time you need to make a repair, the general contractor consults the building plan and sends a message to the tradesperson to make the component that i........ Read more »
Zhang, J., Khan, S., Hasse, C., Ruf, S., Heckel, D., & Bock, R. (2015) Full crop protection from an insect pest by expression of long double-stranded RNAs in plastids. Science, 347(6225), 991-994. DOI: 10.1126/science.1261680
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Alexander W. Pastuszak, MD, PhD Male Reproductive Medicine and Surgery Scott Department of Urology Baylor College of Medicine Houston, TX Medical Research: What is the background for this study? Dr. Pastuszak: The link between erectile dysfunction … Continue reading →... Read more »
MedicalResearch.com Interview with:, & Alexander W. Pastuszak, MD, PhD. (2015) Screening Men with ED For Heart Disease May Be Cost Effective. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
Wine connoisseurs, or oenophiles, possess a seemingly endless vocabulary for describing their tipples of choice. To the uninitiated, it may sound like they are describing an entire gourmet meal, or even a good friend, but this is not just make-believe: … Continue reading →... Read more »
Vigentini, I., De Lorenzis, G., Fabrizio, V., Valdetara, F., Faccincani, M., Panont, C., Picozzi, C., Imazio, S., Failla, O., & Foschino, R. (2014) The vintage effect overcomes the terroir effect: a three year survey on the wine yeast biodiversity in Franciacorta and Oltrepo Pavese, two northern Italian vine-growing areas. Microbiology, 161(Pt_2), 362-373. DOI: 10.1099/mic.0.000004
The systematic review and meta-analysis published by Brendon Stubbs and colleagues  provides some food for thought for healthcare providers and others looking at the wider implications following a diagnosis of schizophrenia. "People with schizophrenia are at significantly increased risk of fractures" was the conclusion reached based on the collected analysis of tens of thousands of people diagnosed with schizophrenia compared with nearly 4 million controls.My immediate thought (and tweet) whe........ Read more »
Stubbs B, Gaughran F, Mitchell AJ, De Hert M, Farmer R, Soundy A, Rosenbaum S, & Vancampfort D. (2015) Schizophrenia and the risk of fractures: a systematic review and comparative meta-analysis. General hospital psychiatry. PMID: 25666994
Genetically-modified mice resistant to frostbite - How a glycoprotein could improve organ transplant success (and ice-cream).... Read more »
Heisig, M., Mattessich, S., Rembisz, A., Acar, A., Shapiro, M., Booth, C., Neelakanta, G., & Fikrig, E. (2015) Frostbite Protection in Mice Expressing an Antifreeze Glycoprotein. PLOS ONE, 10(2). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0116562
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