The late Ernst Mayr is remembered for many things, but a number of his historical and philosophical claims are unravelling. The very clever and perspicacious Rutgers geneticist, Jody Hey, has published a paper in the Quarterly Review of Biology on … Continue reading →... Read more »
Jody Hey. (2011) Regarding the confusion between the population concept and Mayr’s “population thinking”. Quarterly Review of Biology, 86(4), 253-264. info:/
Are you inked? I’m not, though I’ve thought about it seriously and have a pretty good idea of what I would get and where I would put it—if I could work up the nerve to get in the chair. I’ll tell you one thing: It most certainly is not a QR code like Fred Bosch, who [...]
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Caplan, J. (1997) 'Speaking Scars': The Tattoo in Popular Practice and Medico-Legal Debate in Nineteenth-Century Europe. History Workshop Journal: HWJ, 107-42. PMID: 11619699
Dye, I. (1989) The tattoos of Early American Seafarers, 1796-1818. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 133(4), 520-554. info:/
Irwin, K. (2001) Legitimating the First Tattoo: Moral Passage through Informal Interaction. Symbolic Interaction, 24(1), 49-73. DOI: 10.1525/si.2001.24.1.49
Are you still looking for that special person that perfectly matches your personality? Stop searching. Men and woman really are living on different planets when it comes to their personalities, according to new research of the University of Turin and the Manchester Business School.... Read more »
Del Giudice M, Booth T, & Irwing P. (2012) The Distance Between Mars and Venus: Measuring Global Sex Differences in Personality. . PLoS ONE. info:/10.1371/journal.pone.0029265
Where do you get your facts?
Hopefully, a reliable source.
So what's an online reliable source, and how can a regular Joe get a hold of this information?
A very easy way to be confident is to make sure that you're reading from an .edu or .gov page. One of the easiest (and quickest) ways to find your topic is through the citations on Wikipedia. Some people doubt the validity of Wikipedia in fear of hecklers. The nature or self-maintaining issue of Wikipedia aside, the citation........ Read more »
Bonhoeffer J, & Heininger U. (2007) Adverse events following immunization: perception and evidence. Current opinion in infectious diseases, 20(3), 237-46. PMID: 17471032
Demicheli V, Jefferson T, Rivetti A, & Price D. (2005) Vaccines for measles, mumps and rubella in children. Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online). PMID: 16235361
Committee on Revising Science and Creationism: A View from the National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Sciences and Institute of Medicine of the National Academies. (2008) Science, Evolution, and Creationism. The National Academies Press. info:/9780309105866
Boykoff, M., & Boykoff, J. (2004) Balance as bias: global warming and the US prestige press. Global Environmental Change, 14(2), 125-136. DOI: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2003.10.001
Ask the average person on the street if men and women are wired differently and you'll more often than not get an affirmatory response. Not overly suprising given the knowledge that men are from Mars and women are from Venus. Am I right? But dive a little deeper and chances are you'll find that the vast majority of people would be relying heavily on deeply ingrained stereotypes, such as the "mythically superior 'multitasking’ abilities" of women or men who just don't listen, rather than any s........ Read more »
Buffer Teaching patient safety starts in medical school. Hospitals can be weired chaotic places. It’s often a wonder everything keeps working as it should although failures do occur. Medical professionals come to realize that mistakes happen and they adapt their working procedures to those of the so called high reliability organizations such as aircrafts, airline [...]
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According to the New England Journal of Medicine, after thirty years of silence, authors of a standard clinical psychiatric bedside test have issued take down orders of new medical research.... Read more »
Could a puff of air in the eye offer a way to evaluate whether someone is conscious or not?Yes it could, say Cambridge's Tristan Bekinschtein and colleagues in a new paper about Sea slugs, subliminal pictures, and vegetative state patients.It's all about classical conditioning of the kind made famous by Pavlov. This is learning caused by the pairing of two stimuli, one of them unpleasant. So if I were to ring a little bell before, say, pepper spraying you, and I did that repeatedly, you would pr........ Read more »
Bekinschtein TA, Peeters M, Shalom D, & Sigman M. (2011) Sea slugs, subliminal pictures, and vegetative state patients: boundaries of consciousness in classical conditioning. Frontiers in psychology, 337. PMID: 22164148
Add psychology to the listA fairly common response to our theory post was 'here's my theory, which is designed to replace and fix all the others'. However, it's more a symptom of the problem I was discussing than a solution for everyone to have their own entirely separate theory which doesn't talk to any other work in the field (see above). One of my personal goals in science is to not be that guy. I want to see cognitive science become more integrated, not more fragmented. We have also been ask........ Read more »
Runeson, S. (1977) On the possibility of "smart" perceptual mechanisms. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 18(1), 172-179. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9450.1977.tb00274.x
Turvey, M. (1992) Affordances and Prospective Control: An Outline of the Ontology. Ecological Psychology, 4(3), 173-187. DOI: 10.1207/s15326969eco0403_3
Turvey, M., Shaw, R., Reed, E., & Mace, W. (1981) Ecological laws of perceiving and acting: In reply to Fodor and Pylyshyn (1981). Cognition, 9(3), 237-304. DOI: 10.1016/0010-0277(81)90002-0
van Gelder, T. (1995) What might cognition be, if not computation?. The Journal of Philosophy, 92(7), 345-381. info:/
Warren, W. (1984) Perceiving affordances: Visual guidance of stair climbing. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 10(5), 683-703. DOI: 10.1037/0096-15184.108.40.2063
I usually don't blog about physics. Actually, I don't think I ever have, which is not surprising given that I'm not a physicist. This unusual post was prompted by an ongoing series of encounters with people asking me how I can be so sure that the universe is indeterministic. I'm explicitly writing this as an interested layperson, even though I took elementary quantum mechanics as special subject in high school and was supervised during my PhD by Martin Heisenberg, the youngest son of Werner Heis........ Read more »
Wilson, C., Johansson, G., Pourkabirian, A., Simoen, M., Johansson, J., Duty, T., Nori, F., & Delsing, P. (2011) Observation of the dynamical Casimir effect in a superconducting circuit. Nature, 479(7373), 376-379. DOI: 10.1038/nature10561
Brembs, B. (2010) Towards a scientific concept of free will as a biological trait: spontaneous actions and decision-making in invertebrates. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 278(1707), 930-939. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2010.2325
In a new study, a group of scientists including researchers from UC Berkeley, have found that people who tested high for empathy shared the same DNA linked to promoting social interaction and love.... Read more »
Kogan A, Saslow LR, Impett EA, Oveis C, Keltner D, & Rodrigues Saturn S. (2011) Thin-slicing study of the oxytocin receptor (OXTR) gene and the evaluation and expression of the prosocial disposition. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. PMID: 22084107
A team of bogus developers are applying for crowd funding for a project that does not exist. Can you spot the flaws?... Read more »
Damian Cruse, Srivas Chennu, Camille Chatelle, Tristan A Bekinschtein, Davinia Fernández-Espejo, John D Pickard, Steven Laureys, Adrian M Owen. (2011) Bedside detection of awareness in the vegetative state: a cohort study. The Lancet. info:/10.1016/S0140-6736(11)61224-5
Coan, J., & Allen, J. (2004) Frontal EEG asymmetry as a moderator and mediator of emotion. Biological Psychology, 67(1-2), 7-50. DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2004.03.002
A place for everything and everything in its place. This is not just a mantra for those with obsessive tendencies. It also describes the drive that some have toward a system: a unified theory of everything.
Before the Enlightenment, there was no need for such a theory. God served this purpose and everything was explained by [...]... Read more »
China is big, old, and fascinating. Its importance in the larger scheme of things is such that there should be what I call “The China Rule.” This rule would apply as follows. If a scholar claims that history unfolds directionally or according to general rules, s/he must specifically test the claim using China as datum. [...]... Read more »
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Greenland S, & Robins JM. (1988) Conceptual problems in the definition and interpretation of attributable fractions. American journal of epidemiology, 128(6), 1185-97. PMID: 3057878
Ed. Note: What better way to round out Halloween than by considering why it is that clowns can strike fear into our hearts when they’re supposed to be harmless? Coulrophobia is the fear of clowns. And I’ll admit that they make me nervous. I’m not totally crazy about hanging out with folks who think wearing [...]
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One of the most enduring themes in western thought is the idea of The Self. Who am “I” and what does it mean “to be,” many philosophers have asked over the centuries. Thought provoking questions indeed, but most discussions of The Self make the mistake of assuming that it is something. The reality is that [...]... Read more »
Kunz J. (2000) Social class difference in response to Christmas cards. Perceptual and motor skills, 90(2), 573-6. PMID: 10833755
The person who lives inside your head may seem rational and honest, but who is fooling who? If you are fortunate there is only one voice and if you are sober the voice should be sensible. Or so we would like to think. Two recent studies suggest otherwise. As it turns out, our homunculi are [...]... Read more »
Sharot, T., Korn, C., & Dolan, R. (2011) How unrealistic optimism is maintained in the face of reality. Nature Neuroscience, 14(11), 1475-1479. DOI: 10.1038/nn.2949
Immunology is complicated. It’s like a giant puzzle without a box depicting how the picture is supposed to look. It becomes further complicated, because every few years a new puzzle piece drops into the pile. The thing is, sometimes it feels as Sometimes that new piece in the “missing link” that can unify part of the puzzle, and other times it can’t seem to fit into the existing puzzle. In research, the puzzle, in its entirety, is never complete, but people are workin........ Read more »
Mosser, D., & Edwards, J. (2008) Exploring the full spectrum of macrophage activation. Nature Reviews Immunology, 8(12), 958-969. DOI: 10.1038/nri2448
Ed note: As Halloween rapidly approaches in the US, AiP will be exploring superstitions, beliefs, and the things that go bump in the night. [Evil laugh.] At some point, most of us have likely had a token that we believed would protect us or bring us luck. It could have been a baseball cap, a [...]
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Bill Ellis. (2002) Why Is a Lucky Rabbit's Foot Lucky? Body Parts as Fetishes. Journal of Folklore Research, 39(1), 51-84. info:/
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