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  • July 23, 2014
  • 07:02 AM
  • 78 views

Male body shame and aggression against women (“rape proclivity”)

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

The American Bar Association is seeking nominations until August 8, 2014 to help it decide on the Top 100 law blogs (“Blawgs”). We have been in the ABA Top 100 for the past 4 years and would like to make it 5! If you like this blog, please nominate us (it’s fast and free) here. […]

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Women and true crime tales of rape, murder & serial killers
Racist roads not taken and prejudice-based aggression
Women who stalk: Who they are and how they do it


... Read more »

  • July 23, 2014
  • 03:46 AM
  • 118 views

Trauma and PTSD raise risk of autoimmune disorders?

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

I admit to some head scratching when I first read the paper by Aoife O’Donovan and colleagues [1] reporting that among war veterans of the Iraq and Afghanistan campaigns, "trauma exposure and PTSD [post-traumatic stress disorder] may increase risk of autoimmune disorders".It wasn't that I didn't believe the results, but rather that the idea that a physical event with a psychological consequence could impact on a somatic condition with an autoimmune element to it seemed to open u........ Read more »

  • July 22, 2014
  • 11:20 PM
  • 92 views

Heroes and Villains: Banal or Special People? Part 2 of 2

by Scott McGreal in Eye on Psych

According to Zimbardo and colleagues, both heroic acts and evil acts occur primarily in response to situational factors, rather than internal features of the person. However, on closer inspection, the situationist analysis provides inconsistent accounts of how each of these occurs. Evil actions are attributed to factors entirely outside the person, while heroism relies on the person’s inner qualities.... Read more »

  • July 22, 2014
  • 06:47 PM
  • 140 views

When Crazy becomes a Crime

by Gabriel in Lunatic Laboratories

My friend has a glass eye, you would never notice and unless you knew the story you might not think anything of it. His older brother did it. Yes, you […]... Read more »

Dana Goldman,, John Fastenau,, Riad Dirani,, Eric Hellend,, Geoff Joyce,, Ryan Conrad,, & Darius Lakdawalla,. (2014) Medicaid Prior Authorization Policies and Imprisonment Among Patients With Schizophrenia. The American Journal of Managed Care, 20(7). info:/2014;20(7):577-586

  • July 22, 2014
  • 04:43 AM
  • 88 views

Study of dynamic facial expressions suggests there are four basic emotions, not six

by BPS Research Digest in BPS Research Digest

New research suggests that humans recognise facial emotional expressions in a dynamic way. We search for urgent signals first, before seeking out more nuanced information. The University of Glasgow researchers also argue their data show there are four basic facial expressions of emotion rather than the widely accepted six.Rachael Jack and her colleagues developed computerised 3-D faces that began neutral and relaxed before transforming over one second into a random expression, created through a ........ Read more »

  • July 22, 2014
  • 04:32 AM
  • 116 views

Common variation and the genetics of autism

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

The paper by Trent Gaugler and colleagues [1] reporting that the genetic architecture of the autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) seems in the most part to be due to "common variation" over and above "rare variants or spontaneous glitches" adds to the quite voluminous literature in this area.Everything in proportion? @ Wikipedia Based on an analysis of "a unique epidemiological sample from Sweden" researchers looked at DNA variations in some 3000 individuals with autism and asymptomatic co........ Read more »

Gaugler T, Klei L, Sanders SJ, Bodea CA, Goldberg AP, Lee AB, Mahajan M, Manaa D, Pawitan Y, Reichert J.... (2014) Most genetic risk for autism resides with common variation. Nature genetics. PMID: 25038753  

  • July 21, 2014
  • 01:27 PM
  • 147 views

Autism and Parents: Reducing stress

by Gabriel in Lunatic Laboratories

Raising an autistic child can be a gift. Unfortunately it can also be challenging and stressful. Let’s be real, it’s stressful just being a parent, throw in a disability that […]... Read more »

  • July 21, 2014
  • 07:02 AM
  • 68 views

Should you do group brainstorming standing up or sitting down?

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

The American Bar Association is seeking nominations until August 8, 2014 to help it decide on the Top 100 law blogs (“Blawgs”). We have been in the ABA Top 100 for the past 4 years and would like to make it 5! If you like this blog, please nominate us (it’s fast and free) here. THANKS! Doug and […]

Related posts:
When in-group rebels have a cause…
The latest issue of The Jury Expert is a total classic!
“It was ‘a man’s work’ and I just didn’t like working wi........ Read more »

Knight, AP, & Baer, M. (2014) Get up, Stand up: The effects of a non-sedentary workspace on information elaboration and group performance. . Social Psychological and Personality Science. . info:/

  • July 21, 2014
  • 05:51 AM
  • 164 views

It's time for Western psychology to recognise that many individuals, and even entire cultures, fear happiness

by BPS Research Digest in BPS Research Digest

It's become a mantra of the modern Western world that the ultimate aim of life is to achieve happiness. Self-help blog posts on how to be happy are almost guaranteed popularity (the Digest has its own!). Pro-happiness organisations have appeared, such as Action for Happiness, which aims to "create a happier society for everyone." Topping it all, an increasing number of governments, including in the UK, have started measuring national well-being (seen as a proxy for "happiness") - the argument be........ Read more »

  • July 21, 2014
  • 03:24 AM
  • 127 views

Autism and asthma yet again

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

"Asthma is approximately 35 % more common in autistic children".Pipe down @ Wikipedia That was the finding reported by Stanley Kotey and colleagues [1] based on their analysis of the 2007 National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH) dataset, a resource looking at "the physical and emotional health of children ages 0-17 years of age" resident in the United States. I don't intend to dwell too much on the Kotey findings aside from pointing out: (a) the reported prevalence of autism ca........ Read more »

  • July 21, 2014
  • 03:24 AM
  • 134 views

Autism and asthma yet again

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

"Asthma is approximately 35 % more common in autistic children".Pipe down @ Wikipedia That was the finding reported by Stanley Kotey and colleagues [1] based on their analysis of the 2007 National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH) dataset, a resource looking at "the physical and emotional health of children ages 0-17 years of age" resident in the United States. I don't intend to dwell too much on the Kotey findings aside from pointing out: (a) the reported prevalence of autism ca........ Read more »

  • July 21, 2014
  • 01:33 AM
  • 46 views

Judicial Notice: Good-Bye to Cultural Baggage & Hello to Emotion Regulation and the New Ideal of the “[Emotionally Intelligent] Well-Regulated Judge”

by Dan DeFoe in Psycholawlogy

“Judges experience emotion, expend energy to cope with it, and find that effort difficult.  Part of the difficulty is that law offers them no guidance.  For this, we need to turn to the psychology of emotion regulation.”  This post provides a glimpse into an interdisciplinary pursuit of a new ideal described by the authors [...]
The post Judicial Notice: Good-Bye to Cultural Baggage & Hello to Emotion Regulation and the New Ideal of the “[Emotionally Intelligent] Well-Regulated ........ Read more »

  • July 20, 2014
  • 05:19 AM
  • 120 views

Time-lapse video of developing depression and trichotillomania

by Elisabeth Buhl Thubron in United Academics

this young woman took 2100 over 6.5 years. You watch Rebecca as a young 14 year old go through not only the trials and tribulations of adolescent life, but also through the stages of developing major depressive disorder and trichotillomania.... Read more »

  • July 18, 2014
  • 11:01 AM
  • 122 views

Baboons Trade Morning Favors for All-Day Payoffs

by Elizabeth Preston in Inkfish

Primates basically invented “You scratch my back and I’ll scratch yours.” Baboons, for example, trade grooming for favors from other troop members. Social relationships are important to the monkeys. But it seems they put more effort into certain relationships depending on the time of day: in the morning, lower-ranking baboons invest more energy in grooming […]The post Baboons Trade Morning Favors for All-Day Payoffs appeared first on Inkfish.... Read more »

Sick, C., Carter, A., Marshall, H., Knapp, L., Dabelsteen, T., & Cowlishaw, G. (2014) Evidence for varying social strategies across the day in chacma baboons. Biology Letters, 10(7), 20140249-20140249. DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2014.0249  

  • July 18, 2014
  • 08:51 AM
  • 128 views

Scientists Create Alcohol-Resistant Worms That Might Cure Alcoholism

by beredim in Strange Animals

Image showing the effects of alchohol in Caenorhabditis elegans and..humansCredit: Jon Pierce-Shimomura from The University of Texas, Austin.A couple of days ago, a team of neuroscientists from the University of Texas, Austin announced that they have created a new strain of mutant worms which is impervious to the intoxicating effects of alcohol!To create the alcohol-immune worms, the researchers implanted a modified human alcohol target – a neuronal channel called the BK channel SLO-1 tha........ Read more »

  • July 18, 2014
  • 07:52 AM
  • 147 views

Men's sex appeal boosted by taking risks like a cave man

by BPS Research Digest in BPS Research Digest

A willingness to take risks enhances men's sex appeal. This much we know from past research. What's not clear, is whether this is because of cultural beliefs about traditional gender roles, or if it's an evolutionary hang-over (or perhaps both). John Petraitis and his colleagues have put these two explanations to the test by drawing a distinction between risk-taking behaviours that reflect the challenges faced by our ancestors, and contemporary risks based around modern technology.Over two-hundr........ Read more »

Petraitis, J., Lampman, C., Boeckmann, R., & Falconer, E. (2014) Sex differences in the attractiveness of hunter-gatherer and modern risks. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 44(6), 442-453. DOI: 10.1111/jasp.12237  

  • July 18, 2014
  • 07:02 AM
  • 135 views

Simple Jury Persuasion: Should you communicate the details or the big picture?

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

The American Bar Association is seeking nominations until August 8, 2014 to help it decide on the Top 100 law blogs (“Blawgs”). We have been in the ABA Top 100 for the past 4 years and would like to make it 5! If you like this blog, please nominate us (it’s fast and free) here. THANKS! Doug […]

Related posts:
A pinch of this and a dash of that
A picture is worth a thousand words…
Simple Jury Persuasion: Activate their values


... Read more »

Wakslak CJ, Smith PK, & Han A. (2014) Using abstract language signals power. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 107(1), 41-55. PMID: 24956313  

  • July 18, 2014
  • 06:47 AM
  • 181 views

Ultrafine particulate matter air pollution, mice and autism

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

Reading the headline "Study links air pollution to autism, schizophrenia" in a media piece about the study by Joshua Allen and colleagues* (open-access here) made me want to delve a little more into this research. I've talked before about air pollution and autism (see here) on this blog. Although a healthy degree of scepticism is to be expected with any autism correlation, particularly when it comes to something as generalised as air pollution (or pesticide exposure) there is a growing rese........ Read more »

  • July 18, 2014
  • 05:03 AM
  • 205 views

Blue Eyes Mean Lies?

by Chiara Civardi in United Academics

A recent study by Karel Kleisner et al. (2013) shows eye colour and facial features have an influence on our perception of trustworthiness.... Read more »

Kleisner K, Priplatova L, Frost P, & Flegr J. (2013) Trustworthy-looking face meets brown eyes. PloS one, 8(1). PMID: 23326406  

  • July 18, 2014
  • 02:51 AM
  • 178 views

Cross-cultural variation in men’s preference for sexual dimorphism in women’s faces

by Farid Pazhoohi in Epistemophil

Both attractiveness judgements and mate preferences vary considerably cross-culturally. We investigated whether men’s preference for femininity in women’s faces varies between 28 countries with diverse health conditions by analysing responses of 1972 heterosexual participants. Although men in all countries preferred feminized over masculinized female faces, we found substantial differences between countries in the magnitude of […]... Read more »

Marcinkowska UM, Kozlov MV, Cai H, Contreras-Garduño J, Dixson BJ, Oana GA, Kaminski G, Li NP, Lyons MT, Onyishi IE.... (2014) Cross-cultural variation in men's preference for sexual dimorphism in women's faces. Biology letters, 10(4), 20130850. PMID: 24789138  

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