If you give a Westerner one of two items randomly and then ask the person whether he or she would like to trade one for the other, there is only 10 percent chance the Westerner trades. This doesn't make sense, or at least it's not rational. There should be a 50 percent chance that participants initially receive the item they like best and thus a 50 percent chance that they will trade. This behavioral bias is called the “endowment effect”. A new interdisciplinary study from ........ Read more »
Coren L. Apicella, Eduardo M. Azevedo, Nicholas A. Christakis, & and James H. Fowler. (2013) Evolutionary Origins of the Endowment Eect: Evidence from Hunter-Gatherers . THE AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVIEW. DOI: 10.2139/ssrn.2255650
by amikulak in Daily Observations
Emotional connections with others are one of the fundamental ingredients for a happy and fulfilled life. Seeking out these connections often feels good, providing a kind of social “warmth.” New […]... Read more »
Inagaki, T.K., & Eisenberger, N.I. (2013) Shared Neural Mechanisms Underlying Social Warmth and Physical Warmth. Psychological Science. DOI: 10.1177/0956797613492773
In the competition for readers' mouse clicks, a favoured trick is to phrase headlines as questions. This isn't an Internet innovation. As a way to grab attention, question headlines have been recommended by editors and marketeers for decades. But what is new, is the easy ability today to measure how often readers choose to click a headline. For a new paper, researchers in Norway have used Twitter to find out if question headlines really do entice more clicks.
Linda Lai and Audun Farbrot used ........ Read more »
Linda Lai, & Audun Farbrot. (2013) What makes you click? The effect of question headlines on readership in computer-mediated communication. Social Influence. DOI: 10.1080/15534510.2013.847859
Researchers have found that many of us can see the movement of our body even in complete darkness as “the brain predicts visual consequences of actions.”
In the present study, researchers worked with the blindfolded volunteers, so that they would not be able to see anything. They found that the participants, who were completely blindfolded, were able to feel the shadowy outlines of the arms moving in front ........ Read more »
“Theory of Mind” (ToM) is the term psychologists use to describe the ability to interpret the distinct mental states of others. The knowledge that each person’s head contains a unique conception of the world is the first step toward understanding what others want and feel. Developing ToM is an important part of childhood. It’s what […]... Read more »
Nathanson, A.I., Sharp, M.L., Alade, F., Rasmussen, E.E., & Christy, K. (2013) The Relation Between Television Exposure and Theory of Mind Among Preschoolers. Journal of Communication. DOI: 10.1111/jcom.12062
by sschroeder in Daily Observations
A layperson’s conception of psychopathic personality might involve psychosis, mental illness, and violent behavior, but none of these things is actually equivalent to psychopathy. While psychopathy is one risk factor […]... Read more »
Skeem, J. L., Polaschek, D. L. L., Patrick, C. J., . (2011) Psychopathic personality: Bridging the gap between scientific evidence and public policy. Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 12(3), 95-162. DOI: 10.1177/1529100611426706
An article a few weeks back on the SFARI site alerted me to the fact that the paper by Shruti Garg and colleagues* looking at the prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in cases of neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) here in Blighty was on its way. The SFARI entry talked about NF1 in the context of "higher prevalence and severity of autism traits in RASopathies compared to unaffected siblings" as per the findings by Adviento and colleagues**.Café au lait spots @ Wikipedia I'm no........ Read more »
Shruti Garg, Jonathan Green, Kathy Leadbitter, Richard Emsley, Annukka Lehtonen, D. Gareth Evans, MD, Susan M. Huson, MD, FRCP. (2013) Neurofibromatosis Type 1 and Autism Spectrum Disorder. Pediatrics. info:/
Researchers have found that the people with thoughtful minds are less affected by instant rewards that could be in the form of positive feedback or such feelings from other people.
”These findings suggest that mindful individuals may be less affected by immediate rewards and fits well with the idea that mindful individuals are typically less impulsive” UTSC PhD candidate Rimma Teper, said in a statement.
Mindful peopl........ Read more »
Teper R, & Inzlicht M. (2013) Mindful Acceptance Dampens Neuroaffective Reactions to External and Rewarding Performance Feedback. Emotion (Washington, D.C.). PMID: 24098927
I love movies. Love to sit and watch them at home. Love to have movie nights with my friends. Love going to see them at the theater. On that last one, I think we can all agree on one thing: movie theaters are money pits. Essentially you just walk up to their front door and start throwing all of your money at them. You bitch and moan but you accept it. You knew before you ever left your house that you were going to spend an exorbitant amount of cash for a load of calories and an unknown experienc........ Read more »
Sherwin Rosen, & Andrew M. Rosenfield. (1997) Ticket Pricing. The Journal of Law and Economics, 351-376. info:/
Barak Y. Orbach, & Liran Einav. (2001) Uniform prices for differentiated goods: The case of the movie-theater industry. Harvard Law , Olin Discussion Paper 337(Harvard University, Cambridge, MA). DOI: 10.2139/ssrn.290813
Barak Y. Orbach, & Liran Einav. (2007) Uniform prices for differentiated goods: The case of the movie-theater industry. International Review of Law and Economics, 129-153. DOI: 10.1016/j.irle.2007.06.002
Jehoshua Eliashberg, Anita Elberse, & Mark A.A.M. Leenders. (2006) The Motion Picture Industry: Critical Issues in Practice, Current Research,and New Research Directions. Marketing Science, 25(6), 638-661. DOI: 10.1287/mksc.1050.0177
John R. Lott, & Russell D. Roberts. (1991) A Guide to the Pitfalls of Identifying Price Discrimination. Economic Inquiry, 14-23. DOI: 10.1111/j.1465-7295.1991.tb01249.x
Ricard Gil, & Wesley R. Hartmann. (2007) The Role and Determinants of Concession Sales in Movie Theaters: Evidence from the Spanish Exhibition Industry. Rev Ind Organ, 325-347. DOI: 10.1007/s11151-007-9139-7
Ricard Gil, & Wesley R. Hartmann. (2009) Empirical Analysis of Metering Price Discrimination: Evidence from Concession Sales at Movie Theaters. Marketing Science, 28(6), 1046-1062. DOI: 10.1287/mksc.1090.0494
Initially, researchers S. Daniels and S.K. Bridges hypothesized that masculinity would relate negatively to sexual satisfaction. The ideal of masculinity, the researchers explain, teaches men that they should be directive, dominant, assertive and independent. They assumed that higher levels of these “masculine traits” would get in the way of men’s subjective and emotional satisfaction during sex.... Read more »
S. Daniel . (2013) The Relationships Among Body Image, Masculinity, and Sexual Satisfaction in Men. Psychology of Men . DOI: 10.1037/a0029154
In the eternal search for the various potential factors (yes, there are probably going to be several) to account for the quite staggering increases in diagnosed cases of the autism spectrum conditions, no stone is seemingly being left unturned. Accepting the important and oft-cited sentence "correlation is not the same as causation" and accepting that the reasons for the increase in the autisms (plural) might differ from location to location, country to country and people to people, retrospectiv........ Read more »
In the last two decades climate change emerged as a momentous threat to ecosystems and species, calling for – politics aside – a greater interest in the adaptation abilities of the world’s creatures. Understanding and predicting how populations will respond to climate fluctuations has been attracting a wealth of research into evolutionary biology and the … Read More →... Read more »
Santiago Salinas, Simon C. Brown, Marc Mangel, & Stephan B. Munch. (2013) Non-genetic inheritance and changing environments. Non-Genetic Inheritance, 38-50. DOI: 10.2478/ngi-2013-0005
In an upcoming article in Business Communication Quarterly, Washington, Okoro and Cardon investigated how appropriate people found various mobile-phone-related behaviors during formal business meetings. Highlights from the respondents included: 51% of 20-somethings believe it appropriate to read texts during formal business meetings, whereas only 16% of workers 40+ believe the same thing 43% of 20-somethings […]
Related articles from NeoAcademic:
Your Professor Serves at ApplebeeR........ Read more »
Washington, M. C., Okoro, E. A., & Cardon, P. W. (2013) Perceptions of civility for mobile phone use in formal and informal meetings. Business Communication Quarterly, 1-13. DOI: 10.1177/1080569913501862
This comes as no surprise to us. We routinely look at mock jurors with extreme views on various issues as unpredictable and thus, dangerous for our case. We think of the extremist as dwelling on the “fringe” of beliefs held by the majority. They are often conspiracy devotees and “hear” facts through a nearly impregnable […]
The evidence is mounting: The brains of liberals and conservatives differ
Politics and prejudice? Nope. It’s about ideology!
Republicans prefe........ Read more »
Toner K, Leary MR, Asher MW, & Jongman-Sereno KP. (2013) Feeling Superior Is a Bipartisan Issue: Extremity (Not Direction) of Political Views Predicts Perceived Belief Superiority. Psychological Science. PMID: 24096379
You fall off of a ledge, dropping through a hole in the floor, only to find yourself hurtling out the side of a wall like a cannon ball. If you can imagine that easily, you have great spatial thinking skills. Or you’ve been playing Portal 2. Perhaps your spatial thinking skills got a boost from […]... Read more »
David H. Uttal, David I. Miller, & Nora S. Newcombe. (2013) Exploring and Enhancing Spatial Thinking: Links to Achievement in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics?. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 22(5), 367-373. info:/10.1177/0963721413484756
An instance of personal friction with a colleague can create angry feelings that are slow to abate. Paradoxically, when the prickly day also involves a specific work-related dispute, bad moods don’t linger so long. This counter-intuitive finding may reflect our willingness to seek a benign explanation for unpleasant situations, blaming the context rather than the person.The research, from a team led by Laurenz Meier, looked at day-to-day swings in ratings of anger. This longitudinal study aske........ Read more »
Meier LL, Gross S, Spector PE, & Semmer NK. (2013) Relationship and task conflict at work: interactive short-term effects on angry mood and somatic complaints. Journal of occupational health psychology, 18(2), 144-56. PMID: 23506551
I think it's fair to say that the paper published by Deborah Fein and colleagues* (discussed in this post and this post) was a bit of a game-changer when it comes to how we view the autism spectrum conditions.Describing a group of children originally diagnosed as being on the autism spectrum and then "losing all symptoms of ASD in addition to the diagnosis, and functioning within the nonautistic range of social interaction and communication", there was plenty of comment on this optimal outcome s........ Read more »
Troyb E, Rosenthal M, Eigsti IM, Kelley E, Tyson K, Orinstein A, Barton M, & Fein D. (2013) Executive functioning in individuals with a history of ASDs who have achieved optimal outcomes. Child neuropsychology : a journal on normal and abnormal development in childhood and adolescence. PMID: 23731181
Why do rich celebrities steal groceries? Why do students risk their academic careers by cheating for just a few extra marks? A team of researchers may have the answer: because it feels good. Across several studies, Nicole Ruedy and her colleagues found that people expect that behaving unethically will make them feel bad, and yet when they take the chance to break the rules, it actually gives them a buzz - an effect the researchers dub "the cheater's high".
In one study, 179 students at a US u........ Read more »
Ruedy NE, Moore C, Gino F, & Schweitzer ME. (2013) The cheater's high: The unexpected affective benefits of unethical behavior. Journal of personality and social psychology, 105(4), 531-48. PMID: 24000799
by amikulak in Daily Observations
Late on Halloween night, with candy strewn across the dining room table, millions of children across the United States will enjoy the hard-earned fruits of their trick-or-treating labors. After picking […]... Read more »
O'Brien, E., & Ellsworth, P.C. (2012) Saving the Last for Best: A Positivity Bias for End Experiences. Psychological Science, 23(2), 163-165. DOI: 10.1177/0956797611427408
Photo: dezi / ShutterstockCan social psychological theories of stereotypes about people also explain people’s attitudes and stereotypes of different breeds of dog? That’s the fascinating question posed in a new study by Tracey Clarke, Jonathan Cooper and Daniel Mills of the University of Lincoln.Some jurisdictions have breed-specific legislation that bans particular breeds of dog, usually those of pit bull type. This includes the UK, where this study took place. Stories of attacks by th........ Read more »
Clarke, T., Cooper, J., & Mills, D. (2013) Acculturation - Perceptions of breed differences in behavior of the dog (Canis familiaris). Human-Animal Interaction Bulletin, 1(2), 16-33. info:/
Crisp RJ, & Turner RN. (2009) Can imagined interactions produce positive perceptions? Reducing prejudice through simulated social contact. The American psychologist, 64(4), 231-40. PMID: 19449982
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