If you are reading this blog post while in a meeting, please know it’s twice as likely women will be offended by your behavior than will men. That’s the finding of a new research study from Howard University and the USC Marshall School of Business Center for Management Communication. The study looks at perceptions of […]
“Stop picking fights and get some emotional intelligence!”
Be careful what you text!
You can stop smoking and lose weight without much effort at al........ Read more »
Washington, MC, Okoro, EA, & Cardon, PW. (2013) Perceptions of Civility for Mobile Phone Use in Formal and Informal Meetings. . Business Communication Quarterly. . info:/
Regular readers are probably quite tired of hearing me go on about autoimmunity and autism. It's a research topic which seems to come up pretty regularly these days for all manner of reasons and in all manner of places (see here). Indeed, now even being linked to the new kid on the block that is MAR autism (see here).As I've mentioned before, I don't think we can quite say that all autism (all of the autisms sorry) 'are autoimmunity' because immune function is a pretty varied thing when it ........ Read more »
Milo Careaga,Robin L. Hansen,Irva Hertz-Piccotto,Judy Van de Water,Paul Ashwood. (2013) Increased Anti-Phospholipid Antibodies in Autism Spectrum Disorders. Mediators of Inflammation. DOI: 10.1155/2013/935608
For people with synaesthesia, stimulation of one sense - or in some cases just thinking of a particular concept - triggers another kind of sensory experience. The most common form of the condition is for letters to trigger colour perceptions, but there are some truly strange variants, such as people for whom various swimming strokes trigger colours, and others who experience emotional sensations at the touch of different fabrics.
Although there are first-hand accounts in sex research that sou........ Read more »
Nielsen J, Kruger TH, Hartmann U, Passie T, Fehr T, & Zedler M. (2013) Synaesthesia and sexuality: the influence of synaesthetic perceptions on sexual experience. Frontiers in psychology, 751. PMID: 24137152
Photo: Steven PamThere is an industry in Australia that relies on an integral piece of equipment, but the system behind product development process is flawed, and lives are at stake. From farm dogs to military explosive detection dogs, guide dogs to greyhounds, Australia’s working and sporting dog industry claims a 50-70% fail rate as normal. The welfare of these dogs is intimately linked to their working performance. It can be an emotive topic, so let’s take the emotion out of it and o........ Read more »
Kruger Justin, & Dunning David. (1999) Unskilled and unaware of it: How difficulties in recognizing one's own incompetence lead to inflated self-assessments. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 77(6), 1121-1134. DOI: 10.1037//0022-35188.8.131.521
Dunning David, Johnson Kerri, Ehrlinger Joyce, & Kruger Justin. (2003) Why people fail to recognize their own incompetence. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 12(3), 83-87. DOI: 10.1111/1467-8721.01235
Ehrlinger Joyce, Johnson Kerri, Banner Matthew, Dunning David, & Kruger Justin. (2008) Why the unskilled are unaware: Further explorations of (absent) self-insight among the incompetent. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 105(1), 98-121. DOI: 10.1016/j.obhdp.2007.05.002
Dunning David. (2011) The Dunning-Kruger effect: On being ignorant of one's own ignorance. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 247-296. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-385522-0.00005-6
Which is the most useful kind of knowledge – general knowledge about how to think well, or specific knowledge within many subject areas? The idea that we can train the mind to use core cognitive skills that are effective in a wide range of situations is really fantastic. But, maybe it’s too fantastic. General, learnable, […]... Read more »
Perkins, D. N., & Salomon, G. (1989) Are cognitive skills context bound?. Educational Researcher, 18(1), 16-25. info:/10.3102/0013189X018001016
In the recently published research titled ‘The attractive underdog: When disadvantage bolsters attractiveness’, Kenneth Michniewicz and Joseph Vandello found that unfairly disadvantaged people are perceived as more physically attractive and more suitable for dates.... Read more »
Michniewicz, K., & Vandello, J. (2013) The attractive underdog: When disadvantage bolsters attractiveness. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships. DOI: 10.1177/0265407513477629
The challenges of treating anorexia nervosa are plenty; some of these challenges — like low prevalence rate and high treatment dropout rate — make conducting randomised controlled trials aimed at identifying effective treatment methods really hard as well.
So I was pretty excited about the recently published randomised controlled trial comparing focal psychodynamic therapy (FPT), cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT), and optimised treatment as usual in adult (a harder to treat ........ Read more »
Zipfel S, Wild B, Groß G, Friederich HC, Teufel M, Schellberg D, Giel KE, de Zwaan M, Dinkel A, Herpertz S.... (2013) Focal psychodynamic therapy, cognitive behaviour therapy, and optimised treatment as usual in outpatients with anorexia nervosa (ANTOP study): randomised controlled trial. Lancet. PMID: 24131861
Does your workweek schedule dig you into an ever-deepening hole of sleep deprivation? Do you sleep in on the weekends to try to boost yourself back out? You're in good company. But even if you feel recovered by the following week, your brainpower might be suffering.
In a survey by the National Sleep Foundation, 40 percent of respondents said they try to "catch up" on sleep during the weekend. Pennsylvania State University professor and physician Alexandros Vgontzas, along with a group of col........ Read more »
Pejovic S, Basta M, Vgontzas AN, Kritikou I, Shaffer ML, Tsaoussoglou M, Stiffler D, Stefanakis Z, Bixler EO, & Chrousos GP. (2013) Effects of recovery sleep after one work week of mild sleep restriction on interleukin-6 and cortisol secretion and daytime sleepiness and performance. American journal of physiology. Endocrinology and metabolism, 305(7). PMID: 23941878
by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room
Last weekend we did a large mock trial over a business dispute precipitated by deception. And this morning, a new article by a Canadian researcher came across my desk on who is more likely to lie for financial gain. Unlike prior research, this study found no differences by gender. They also found no differences in […]
“Almost perfect lie/truth detection”: Incentives to lie
When “I don’t know” improves the accuracy of eye-witness identification
Detecting Deception:........ Read more »
Childs, J. (2013) Personal characteristics and lying: An experimental investigation. . Economics Letters, 425-427. DOI: 10.1016/j.econlet.2013.09.005
The term MAR autism - maternal autoantibody-related autism - whilst still a relatively new addition to the autism research vocabulary, has nevertheless already courted some controversy. This follows a decision to try and commercialise the growing research base in this area (see here) which raised a few eyebrows in various quarters.Speculating on a dead cat bounce? @ Wikipedia As I indicated on my previous post about said commercialisation, there are a few questions which perhaps ........ Read more »
Brimberg L, Sadiq A, Gregersen PK, & Diamond B. (2013) Brain-reactive IgG correlates with autoimmunity in mothers of a child with an autism spectrum disorder. Molecular psychiatry. PMID: 23958959
Researchers have found that washing your hand after a failure can help you in dealing with the failure.
Social Psychological and Personality Science
Previously, researchers found that “washing one’s hand not only removes dirt from the body, it also weakens one’s guilt after immoral behavior, makes moral judgment of others’ misdeeds less severe, reduces post-decisional dissonance effects, and can help wash off bad luc........ Read more »
K. Kaspar. (2013) Washing One’s Hands After Failure Enhances Optimism but Hampers Future Performance. Social Psychological and Personality Science. DOI: 10.1177/1948550612443267
Intelligence is one of the most controversial and divisive issues in scientific psychology. Add the issue of political ideology and the result is likely to stir up heated debate. The subject is a complex one and not yet fully understood. A review of the research literature reveals some conflicting findings, but one theme that seems to emerge is that the cultural context appears to influence the way that intelligence and political orientation are related to each other.... Read more »
Kemmelmeier, M. (2008) Is there a relationship between political orientation and cognitive ability? A test of three hypotheses in two studies. Personality and Individual Differences, 45(8), 767-772. DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2008.08.003
Recently, Old Dominion University embarked on an initiative to improve the teaching of disciplinary writing across courses university-wide. This is part of ODU’s Quality Enhancement Plan, an effort to improve undergraduate instruction in general. It’s an extensive program, involving extra instructional training and internal grant competitions, among other initiatives. Writing quality is one of the best indicators […]
Related articles from NeoAcademic:
Graduate Students Who T........ Read more »
Doe, S. R., Gingerich, K. J., & Richards, T. L. (2013) An evaluation of grading and instructional feedback skills of graduate teaching assistants in introductory psychology. Teaching of Psychology, 40(4), 274-280. DOI: 10.1177/0098628313501039
Professional poker players rely on the ability to divorce their facial expressions from their emotional state – no matter how good, or how bad, their hand is, they have to maintain an inscrutable “poker face.” But new research suggests that they may do well to focus on another body part: The arms. The research, published in Psychological Science, suggests that homing in on only the player’s arms may be the most reliable way to call a bluff.... Read more »
Slepian, M.L., Young, S.G., Rutchick A.M., & Ambady, N. (2013) Quality of Professional Players' Poker Hands Is Perceived Accurately From Arm Motions. Psychological Science. DOI: 10.1177/0956797613487384
Always wondered why some people just love moisturizing cream and those enormous sunglasses? A new study shows it could be embarrassment. People that are temporarily suffering from this unpleasant feeling are more likely to use a product that could help to ‘save their face’.... Read more »
Dong P, Huang XI, & Wyer RS Jr. (2013) The illusion of saving face: how people symbolically cope with embarrassment. Psychological science, 24(10), 2005-12. PMID: 23938275
Ill-judged commentary on poor mental health often makes it sound like biological causes are somehow more fundamental and important than social or psychological factors. This is the allure of reductionism. In fact all levels of explanation need to be considered, and it may be that psychological factors are the most amenable to intervention.
A new study led by chartered clinical psychologist Peter Kinderman at the University of Liverpool supports this perspective. Working with the BBC, he and his........ Read more »
Kinderman P, Schwannauer M, Pontin E, & Tai S. (2013) Psychological processes mediate the impact of familial risk, social circumstances and life events on mental health. PloS one, 8(10). PMID: 24146890
The latest SAT and ACT data show record declines for men, whites, and Native Americans. Analysis of state SAT data suggests that family income does not significantly affect scores when controlled for parents’ education and race.... Read more »
Anonymous. (1998) Why Family Income Differences Don't Explain the Racial Gap in SAT Scores. The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, 6-8. DOI: 10.2307/2999198
Anonymous. (2008) Why Family Income Differences Don't Explain the Racial Gap in SAT Scores. The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, 10-12. info:/
Researchers have found that 'Love Hormone' - oxytocin - could increase the placebo effect.
Journal of the American Medical Association
It is represented by a sense of benefit felt by a patient that arises solely from the knowledge that treatment has been given. It is merely a psychological effect of treatment as placebo refers to a drug containing no active ingredients given to a patient participating in a clini........ Read more »
Simon Kessner et al. (2013) Effect of Oxytocin on Placebo Analgesia A Randomized Study. JAMA. DOI: 10.1001/jama.2013.277446
The second Thor movie opens in the UK later this week. Is it worth paying the extra to see Thor's hammer in three dimensions? A soon-to-be published psychology study suggests probably not.
Brendan Rooney and Eilis Hennessy surveyed 225 cinema-goers in 2011 after they'd just watched the first Thor film either in 2D or 3D. Remarkably this is the first time that psychologists have compared people's psychological reactions to the two film modes in the real world (previous research has all been la........ Read more »
Brendan Rooney, & Eilis Hennessy. (2013) Actually in the cinema: A field study comparing real 3D and 2D movie patrons’ attention, emotion and film satisfaction. Media Psychology. info:/
Years ago when I was in the Navy, whenever we pulled out of port I’d watch dolphins glide along in front of our ship jumping out of the water in spectacular fashion. Their sheer power and beauty are difficult to describe unless you’ve witnessed them first-hand. As I’d watch them swim along in such graceful … Read More →... Read more »
Vincent M. Janik. (2013) Cognitive skills in bottlenose dolphin communication. Trends in Cognitive Science, 17(4), 157-159. DOI: 10.1016/j.tics.2013.02.005
Connor, R. C. (2007) Dolphin social intelligence: complex alliance relationships in bottlenose dolphins and a consideration of selective environments for extreme brain size evolution in mammals. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B, 362(480), 587-602. DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2006.1997
Do you write about peer-reviewed research in your blog? Use ResearchBlogging.org to make it easy for your readers — and others from around the world — to find your serious posts about academic research.
If you don't have a blog, you can still use our site to learn about fascinating developments in cutting-edge research from around the world.
Research Blogging is powered by SMG Technology.
To learn more, visit seedmediagroup.com.