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  • July 17, 2014
  • 06:07 AM
  • 150 views

Profiling Risk: Predicting Alcoholism In Adolescents

by Agnese Mariotti in United Academics

It appears that certain personality traits and traumatic early life events are typically associated with binge drinking in teenage years. However, the predictive power of each type of factors by itself (personality or individual history for example) is not absolute. A new study evaluated not only one single factor, but a series of psychological, genetic, and neurological elements for their ability to determine, when combined, current and future alcohol misuse in a large group of youngsters. ... Read more »

Whelan, R., Watts, R., Orr, C., Althoff, R., Artiges, E., Banaschewski, T., Barker, G., Bokde, A., Büchel, C., Carvalho, F.... (2014) Neuropsychosocial profiles of current and future adolescent alcohol misusers. Nature. DOI: 10.1038/nature13402  

  • July 17, 2014
  • 03:59 AM
  • 92 views

How your mood changes your personality

by BPS Research Digest in BPS Research Digest

Participants scored higher on neuroticism & lower on extraversion when they were sadExcept in extreme cases of illness or trauma, we usually expect each other's personalities to remain stable through life. Indeed, central to the definition of personality is that it describes pervasive tendencies in a person's behaviour and ways of relating to the world. However, a new study highlights the reality - your personality is swayed by your current mood, especially when you're feeling down.Jan Quere........ Read more »

  • July 17, 2014
  • 02:47 AM
  • 105 views

Blood lead levels and childhood behaviour

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

"Blood lead concentrations, even at a mean concentration of 6.4 µg/dL, were associated with increased risk of behavioral problems in Chinese preschool children, including internalizing and pervasive developmental problems". That was the conclusion of the study by Jianghong Liu and colleagues [1] looking at blood lead levels in preschoolers aged 3-5 years resident in Jiangsu province in China. Some associated media accompanying this study can be viewed here including the text: "This re........ Read more »

Liu, J., Liu, X., Wang, W., McCauley, L., Pinto-Martin, J., Wang, Y., Li, L., Yan, C., & Rogan, W. (2014) Blood Lead Concentrations and Children’s Behavioral and Emotional Problems. JAMA Pediatrics. DOI: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.332  

  • July 16, 2014
  • 03:40 PM
  • 132 views

Know your brain: Thalamus

by neurosci in Neuroscientifically Challenged

Where is it?











Thalamus (in red).






The thalamus is a large, symmetrical (meaning there is one in each hemisphere) structure that makes up most of the mass of the diencephalon. A large number of pathways travel through the thalamus, including all of the sensory pathways other than those devoted to olfaction (smell).What is it and what does it do?The thalamus is often described as a relay station. This is because almost all sensory informati........ Read more »

Sherman, S., & Guillery, R. (2002) The role of the thalamus in the flow of information to the cortex. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 357(1428), 1695-1708. DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2002.1161  

  • July 16, 2014
  • 09:54 AM
  • 146 views

What does it feel like to be depressed?

by BPS Research Digest in BPS Research Digest

We're used to reading about depression as a checklist of symptoms. These lists have their uses, but arguably they miss the human story of what depression truly feels like. Now the psychologists Jonathan Smith and John Rhodes have published their analysis of the first-hand accounts of seven therapy clients, (three women and four men) about what it's like to be depressed for the first time. The participants had an average age of 44, and all had been referred for therapy in London.The first theme t........ Read more »

  • July 16, 2014
  • 08:30 AM
  • 121 views

Do Puppy Tests Predict Adult Dog Behaviour?

by CAPB in Companion Animal Psychology Blog

A new study follows dogs from neonates to adults to find out if puppy tests predict adult behaviour.Photo: Mikkel Bigandt / ShutterstockLots of people want to know if a puppy’s behaviour will tell you what it will be like as an adult dog. From people choosing a pet dog from a breeder’s litter, to organizations training service, police or military dogs, making the right choice of puppy could really help later on. But there have long been concerns that puppy personality tests don’t necessari........ Read more »

McMillan, F., Serpell, J., Duffy, D., Masaoud, E., & Dohoo, I. (2013) Differences in behavioral characteristics between dogs obtained as puppies from pet stores and those obtained from noncommercial breeders. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 242(10), 1359-1363. info:/

  • July 16, 2014
  • 07:12 AM
  • 142 views

Want To Look Sexier? Pick The Right Crowd

by Gunnar de Winter in United Academics

Earlier modern work has shown that men will invest more resources in potential mates when there are a lot of guys and few women around. Basically, the rarer the women in a group, the more effort the men will expend in order to impress them. Now a new study...... Read more »

  • July 16, 2014
  • 07:02 AM
  • 107 views

The Workplace Ostracism Scale: Making the subjective objective?

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

It’s always tough to measure something that seems very subjective. Like ostracism. Are you being ostracized (excluded, left out, or shunned) or are you just way too sensitive? Intrepid researchers have pushed forward though and brought us the Workplace Ostracism Scale. Ostracism is very much like incivility which is seen as very hard to objectively […]

Related posts:
Fat bias in the workplace
Would you rather be harassed or ostracized at work?
Who benefits from racism in the workplace........ Read more »

Ferris DL, Brown DJ, Berry JW, & Lian H. (2008) The development and validation of the Workplace Ostracism Scale. The Journal of Applied Psychology, 93(6), 1348-66. PMID: 19025252  

  • July 16, 2014
  • 06:15 AM
  • 137 views

Everything you always wanted to know about language but were too afraid to ask

by Richard Kunert in Brain's Idea

The Max Planck Institute in Nijmegen has started a great initiative which tries nothing less than answer all your questions about language. How does it work? 1) Go to this website: http://www.mpi.nl/q-a/questions-and-answers 2) See whether your question has already been answered 3) If not, scroll to the bottom and ask a question yourself. The answers […]... Read more »

  • July 16, 2014
  • 04:50 AM
  • 117 views

Organic acids as biomarkers of autism?

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

Whilst I am always a little cautious about the use of the word 'biomarker' when applied to a heterogeneous condition like autism, even the autisms, I am nevertheless always intrigued at any reasonable prospect reported in the scientific literature. So it was when I read the paper by Joanna Kałużna-Czaplińska and colleagues [1] and their assertion that "there is a significant metabolic difference between autistic and non-autistic children" and onwards that "21 metabolites were identified ........ Read more »

  • July 15, 2014
  • 01:30 PM
  • 113 views

Schizophrenia and Autism: A New Connection

by Gabriel in Lunatic Laboratories

Autism and Schizophrenia, at first glance there probably isn’t a whole lot in common other than they are disorders that fall in that lovely book the DCM-5. The brain is […]... Read more »

Chie Shimamoto1,, Tetsuo Ohnishi, Motoko Maekawa, Akiko Watanabe, Hisako Ohba, Ryoichi Arai, Yoshimi Iwayama, Yasuko Hisano, Tomoko Toyota, Manabu Toyoshima.... (2014) Functional characterization of FABP3, 5 and 7 gene variants identified in schizophrenia and autism spectrum disorder and mouse behavioral studies. Human Molecular Genetics. info:/10.1093/hmg/ddu369

  • July 15, 2014
  • 08:00 AM
  • 124 views

The Pressure of the World Cup Penalty Kick

by THE 'SCOPE in The 'Scope

Tim Howard was brilliant in goal for the United States at the 2014 World Cup. Flying all over the place, catching, punching, kicking – he looked like he was protecting his family home from post-apocalyptic cannibals. It was very impressive, but the US went out against Belgium 2-1 in extra time, despite Howard’s 17 saves, the most in a single World Cup game in 50 years. Tim Howard had a great game for the US, heck, a great tournament. So great in fact, that Wikipedia temporarily&nbs........ Read more »

BENJAMIN NOËL and JOHN VAN DER KAMP. (2012) Gaze behaviour during the soccer penalty kick: An investigation of the effects of strategy and anxiety. Int. J. Sport Psychol., 1-20. info:/

  • July 15, 2014
  • 04:33 AM
  • 120 views

It's possible to "forget" unwanted habits

by BPS Research Digest in BPS Research Digest

New research shows that we can weaken and even undo practised habits by deliberately deciding to forget them.Gesine Dreisbach and Karl-Heinz Bäuml from Regensburg University first instilled new habits in their participants by presenting them with German words and training them over many trials to make the same response to each word - a left-handed key-press for half of them, a right-hand response for the remainder.Later, participants had to categorise the same words by gender, with key-presses ........ Read more »

Dreisbach, G., & Bauml, K. (2014) Don't Do It Again! Directed Forgetting of Habits. Psychological Science, 25(6), 1242-1248. DOI: 10.1177/0956797614526063  

  • July 14, 2014
  • 01:13 PM
  • 130 views

Schizophrenic Noise and Schizophrenic Voices

by Gabriel in Lunatic Laboratories

Hear that voice? What is there more than one? Is this real, or fake? How do you know? That is how schizophrenia works: auditory hallucinations, confusion, inability to tell what […]... Read more »

Teal S. Eich,, Derek Evan Nee,, Catherine Insel,, Chara Malapani,, & Edward E. Smith. (2014) Neural Correlates of Impaired Cognitive Control over Working Memory in Schizophrenia. Biological psychiatry, 76(2). info:/10.1016/j.biopsych.2013.09.032

  • July 14, 2014
  • 10:23 AM
  • 130 views

Young men and women have very different attitudes towards touch in cross-sex friendships

by BPS Research Digest in BPS Research Digest

Friendships between heterosexual men and women can be tricky to navigate, especially when it comes to tactile contact. Is that touch on the arm a gesture of platonic care and affection? Or an unwanted signal of sexual interest? A new survey by US researchers shows the situation is complicated by the contrasting attitudes of young men and women towards touch in cross-sex friendships.Michael Miller and his team quizzed 276 undergrads at an Eastern US University, including 128 women*. The participa........ Read more »

MILLER, M., DENES, A., DIAZ, B., & RANJIT, Y. (2014) Touch attitudes in cross-sex friendships: We're just friends. Personal Relationships, 21(2), 309-323. DOI: 10.1111/pere.12033  

  • July 14, 2014
  • 09:00 AM
  • 44 views

Meditation may not be for epileptics

by Katharine Blackwell in Contemplating Cognition

In epilepsy, a seizure begins with just a few neurons that – for reasons that still elude medical professionals – get overstimulated. That excess stimulation then gets passed through the synapses to other neurons, which become overstimulated in turn, and the spread of that intense chaotic activity produces the behavioral features of a seizure. These disruptive bursts of activity also damage the brain, and can lead to cognitive deficits, so anyone with epilepsy will take great pains ........ Read more »

  • July 14, 2014
  • 07:02 AM
  • 71 views

Would you rather be harassed or ostracized at work?

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

What a choice. We have written before about incivility in the workplace and that sounds a lot like what these researchers are calling ostracism. To begin, let’s look at how the researchers define both harassment and ostracism. In brief, say the researchers, harassment is the presence of an unwanted behavior and ostracism is the absence […]

Related posts:
Fat bias in the workplace
“It was ‘a man’s work’ and I just didn’t like working with those incompetent women….”
........ Read more »

  • July 14, 2014
  • 05:02 AM
  • 125 views

Joint hypermobility, gait and autism

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

I have already made mention of the paper by Maya Shetreat-Klein and colleagues [1] on this blog as part of a post on the potential usefulness of kata training for at least some people on the autism spectrum (see here). Based on an analysis of 38 children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and a similar number of asymptomatic controls (all medication free), researchers set about recording "the characteristics of gait and prevalence of toe walking, the range of passive joint mobility, a........ Read more »

  • July 13, 2014
  • 11:40 PM
  • 48 views

Emotional Intelligence and High Potential [Lawyers] Employees: Out With the “Old Way” and In With the “New Way”– Use the EQ-i[2.0] Emotional Intelligence Assessment to Unlock the [Legal] Talent Vault and Select Who Shall Lead

by Dan DeFoe in Psycholawlogy

Human capital drives today’s rapidly changing business environment.  The legal services sector enjoys no exception from this reality.  The increasingly competitive business environment of legal services marketplace makes putting the right people in leadership roles critical to the success of legal services organizations.  The question “how to identify and select those who will lead [...]
The post Emotional Intelligence and High Potential [Lawyers] Employees: Out With the “Old Way&rd........ Read more »

  • July 12, 2014
  • 01:42 PM
  • 187 views

Media and the Mind: Emotional Contagion

by JBSheppard in Antisense Science

Facebook recently carried out an experiment to change the emotions of over 600,000 users through a known psychological process called "emotional contagion". ... Read more »

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