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  • July 9, 2014
  • 08:30 AM
  • 115 views

Sub-Optimal Choice in Dogs: Cheese or Cheese and Carrot?

by CAPB in Companion Animal Psychology Blog

Evidence suggests dogs do not always make the best choice. A new study finds that far as food choice is concerned, they use the same heuristic previously demonstrated in humans and monkeys. Photo: Igor Sokolov (breeze) / ShutterstockEarlier research has found that if people are asked to estimate the value of a set of 24 good condition dishes vs a set of 40 dishes (of which 31 are in good condition), they tend to think the former is more valuable. The broken dishes seem to detract ........ Read more »

  • July 9, 2014
  • 07:02 AM
  • 78 views

So can you explain how that works in your own words?

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

We do a lot of pretrial research where complicated processes, inventions, ideas, software, tools, widgets, and other intellectual property ideas are explained. And we do a lot of pretrial research where something that doesn’t seem complicated (like a family estate, for example) gets very complicated, very quickly. We’ve found there are often vocal mock jurors […]

Related posts:
Playing the race card: When it works and why it doesn’t
False Confessions: “No one really does that unl........ Read more »

Fernbach PM, Rogers T, Fox CR, & Sloman SA. (2013) Political extremism is supported by an illusion of understanding. Psychological Science, 24(6), 939-46. PMID: 23620547  

  • July 9, 2014
  • 05:52 AM
  • 108 views

Familial Recurrence of Autism Spectrum Disorder (again)

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

The paper by Neil Risch and colleagues [1] adds to the growing literature looking at the question of familial recurrence of autism i.e. if one child has a diagnosis of autism, how likely are subsequent children to be similarly diagnosed. The answer according to this latest data: "The overall sibling recurrence risk was 10.1%" compared with 0.5% in siblings of asymptomatic controls. This figure is pretty much the same as that reported by Sandin and colleagues [2] covered not so long ago (see here........ Read more »

  • July 9, 2014
  • 03:28 AM
  • 131 views

Do chimps like to listen to African and Indian music?

by Henkjan Honing in Music Matters

“While preferring silence to music from the West, chimpanzees apparently like to listen to the different rhythms of music from Africa and India, according to new research published by the American Psychological Association.” ... Read more »

Mingle, M., Eppley, T., Campbell, M., Hall, K., Horner, V., & de Waal, F. (2014) Chimpanzees Prefer African and Indian Music Over Silence. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Learning and Cognition. DOI: 10.1037/xan0000032  

Merchant, H., & Honing, H. (2013) Are non-human primates capable of rhythmic entrainment? Evidence for the gradual audiomotor evolution hypothesis. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 7(274). info:/

  • July 9, 2014
  • 01:18 AM
  • 137 views

The Warrior Gene, Back from the Grave

by nooffensebut in The Unsilenced Science

Recently two meta-analyses on the gene, monoamine oxidase A, and its relationship with violence came to opposite conclusions. I review those studies and pose the questions that the scientists were too afraid to answer.... Read more »

  • July 8, 2014
  • 06:13 PM
  • 96 views

People's happiness at work usually dips mid career - now researchers think they know why

by BPS Research Digest in BPS Research Digest

If you're in or not far from your thirties, you're part of the age group that previous research shows is most likely to experience lower workplace wellbeing. A new study suggests the reasons for this midlife dip: a double whammy of more demands on time and less support from co-workers. Dr Hannes Zacher's team surveyed nearly 800 mostly male workers in various roles in the Australian construction industry. Participants reported wellbeing in terms of job satisfaction and emotional exhaustion. Cons........ Read more »

  • July 8, 2014
  • 09:38 AM
  • 115 views

Sleep May Help the Brain Integrate New Language Skills

by amikulak in Daily Observations

Scientists have understood for decades that the brain is “plastic,” meaning that our neural connections change and adapt in response to new experiences. One factor that seems to play a […]... Read more »

Gaskell, M., Warker, J., Lindsay, S., Frost, R., Guest, J., Snowdon, R., & Stackhouse, A. (2014) Sleep Underpins the Plasticity of Language Production. Psychological Science. DOI: 10.1177/0956797614535937  

  • July 8, 2014
  • 05:25 AM
  • 109 views

Coenzyme Q10 and autism

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

The paper by Frederick Crane and colleagues [1] (open-access here) caught my eye recently and their suggestion that when it comes to autism there may be more research to do on coenzyme Q10. Indeed, the old grey-pinkish matter started grinding into action as to whether there may be a wider research literature on CoQ10 with a focus on autism...A helping hand? @ Wikipedia Coenzyme Q10 otherwise known as ubiquinone, has appeared before on this blog for various reasons (see here and se........ Read more »

Crane FL, Löw H, Sun I, Navas P, & Gvozdjáková A. (2014) Plasma membrane coenzyme Q: evidence for a role in autism. Biologics : targets , 199-205. PMID: 24920882  

  • July 7, 2014
  • 02:09 PM
  • 110 views

Aspiring for a cold shoulder or an existential crisis

by Katharine Blackwell in Contemplating Cognition

Recently I wrote about how when someone gives you the cold shoulder, it may actually make you feel cold. On the bright side, there may be a cure, and it’s not just bundling up against the chill. Tylenol does more than treat headaches and muscle aches; it also works on purely emotional pains.... Read more »

Dewall CN, Macdonald G, Webster GD, Masten CL, Baumeister RF, Powell C, Combs D, Schurtz DR, Stillman TF, Tice DM.... (2010) Acetaminophen reduces social pain: Behavioral and neural evidence. Psychological Science, 21(7), 931-937. PMID: 20548058  

  • July 7, 2014
  • 07:09 AM
  • 69 views

Revealed: The Secret Of An Intellectual Brain

by Shyamali Sharma in Workout Trends

“Do you love to write? I do… Do you prefer typing rather than writing? I do…” Well, I might sound like a bride standing on the altar in front of my groom. The priest asks me the most obvious questions and I nonchalantly reply, “Yes, I do.” Students and tech savvy people are also most likely […]
The post Revealed: The Secret Of An Intellectual Brain appeared first on .
... Read more »

  • July 7, 2014
  • 07:02 AM
  • 72 views

Measuring beliefs in the paranormal: The Australian Sheep Goat Scale

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

Seriously. Sheep are believers and goats are doubters. In the paranormal, that is. The Australian Sheep Goat Scale is not a measure we’d ever heard of prior to writing about skepticism as a narrative tool in convincing others of a paranormal event. Perhaps it never really caught on. But we knew you would want to […]

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The Islamophobia Scale: Measuring our fear of Muslims
Brainpower, Beliefs and Racial Bias: Is this smart research?
I’ll show you who’s boss: ........ Read more »

Thalbourne, MA, & Delin, PS. (1993) A new instrument for measuring the sheep-goat variable: Its psychometric properties and factor structure. . Journal of the Society for Psychical Research, 172-186. info:/

  • July 7, 2014
  • 03:18 AM
  • 137 views

Reproductive stoppage related to autism

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

The paper by Thomas Hoffmann and colleagues [1] on reproductive stoppage - the decision to not have more children - in couples with a child already diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is the source for today's post. This is both an important and delicate area to talk about so I tread very carefully in my discussions.The Holy Infants @ Wikipedia A few details first:Based on records held at the California Department of Developmental Services, children born between 1990 ........ Read more »

  • July 4, 2014
  • 07:13 PM
  • 144 views

No, emotions aren’t really contagious over Facebook

by Shelly Fan in Neurorexia

Image: Ellis Hamburger, the Verge You’ve probably heard the news: Facebook and Cornell University teamed up to manipulate your Facebook feed and toy with your emotions. The...... Read more »

Kramer AD, Guillory JE, & Hancock JT. (2014) Experimental evidence of massive-scale emotional contagion through social networks. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(24), 8788-90. PMID: 24889601  

  • July 4, 2014
  • 12:52 PM
  • 104 views

Is it the darkness within? Some people would rather shock themselves with electricity than spend time with their own thoughts

by BPS Research Digest in BPS Research Digest

Go people-watching in any Western country and it's rare to come across a person sat alone in quiet contemplation. Most lone individuals are seen playing with their mobile phone, reading, watching a movie on their tablet, or people-watching. Why this need for distraction? Is there something so aversive about spending time immersed in our own thoughts?A team of psychologists led by Timothy Wilson has investigated. Across six initial studies they invited hundreds of undergrads, one at a time, to sp........ Read more »

Timothy D. Wilson, David Reinhard, Erin Westgate, Daniel T. Gilbert, Nicole Ellerbeck, Cheryl Hahn, Casey Brown, & Adi Shaked. (2014) Just Think: The Challenges of the Disengaged Mind. Science. info:/

  • July 4, 2014
  • 10:48 AM
  • 196 views

Parents’ Income Poorly Predicts SAT Score

by nooffensebut in The Unsilenced Science

Here I publish my original study that disproves family income as an important influence on SAT scores, shows race as having its greatest influence on scores at the highest education and income levels, and provides some preliminary evidence for a hereditary influence.... Read more »

nooffensebut. (2014) Parents’ Income is a Poor Predictor of SAT Score. Open Differential Psychology, 1-19. info:other/

Bartels M, Rietveld MJ, Van Baal GC, & Boomsma DI. (2002) Heritability of educational achievement in 12-year-olds and the overlap with cognitive ability. Twin research : the official journal of the International Society for Twin Studies, 5(6), 544-53. PMID: 12573186  

Duckworth AL, Quinn PD, Lynam DR, Loeber R, & Stouthamer-Loeber M. (2011) Role of test motivation in intelligence testing. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 108(19), 7716-20. PMID: 21518867  

Duncan, J., Seitz, R.J., Kolodny, J., Bor, D., Herzog, H., Ahmed, A., Newell, F.N., & Emslie, H. (2000) A Neural Basis for General Intelligence. Science, 289(5478), 457-460. DOI: 10.1126/science.289.5478.457  

MacCallum RC, Wegener DT, Uchino BN, & Fabrigar LR. (1993) The problem of equivalent models in applications of covariance structure analysis. Psychological bulletin, 114(1), 185-99. PMID: 8346326  

Marioni RE, Davies G, Hayward C, Liewald D, Kerr SM, Campbell A, Luciano M, Smith BH, Padmanabhan S, Hocking LJ.... (2014) Molecular genetic contributions to socioeconomic status and intelligence. Intelligence, 44(100), 26-32. PMID: 24944428  

Trzaskowski M, Harlaar N, Arden R, Krapohl E, Rimfeld K, McMillan A, Dale PS, & Plomin R. (2014) Genetic influence on family socioeconomic status and children's intelligence. Intelligence, 42(100), 83-88. PMID: 24489417  

  • July 4, 2014
  • 07:02 AM
  • 60 views

“The Bolshevik Revolution” and other things you might want to know…

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

We read a lot and routinely run across tidbits we think you might enjoy and that we would not really want to use an entire blog post to discuss. So here are a few things from here and there that we’ve found in our travels… Can’t remember all those complicated passwords? It’s a complication of […]

Related posts:
The Sensitivity to Mean Intentions (SeMI) Model
“Look inside yourself at the very best you there is….”
Everyday racism: A comparison of African American and........ Read more »

Hepper, E., Hart, C., & Sedikides, C. (2014) Moving Narcissus: Can Narcissists Be Empathic?. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. DOI: 10.1177/0146167214535812  

  • July 4, 2014
  • 04:53 AM
  • 127 views

DNA methylation patterns and autism: buccal up

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

"The results indicate the presence of a mosaic subpopulation of epigenetically-dysregulated, ectodermally-derived cells in subjects with ASD [autism spectrum disorder]". That was the very clinical primary conclusion reached in the study by Esther Berko and colleagues [1] (open-access here). They looked at DNA methylation patterns in cheek cell samples for a small sample of children diagnosed with an ASD (n=47) "born to mothers aged 35 and over" compared with samples from an asymptomatic control ........ Read more »

Berko ER, Suzuki M, Beren F, Lemetre C, Alaimo CM, Calder RB, Ballaban-Gil K, Gounder B, Kampf K, Kirschen J.... (2014) Mosaic epigenetic dysregulation of ectodermal cells in autism spectrum disorder. PLoS genetics, 10(5). PMID: 24875834  

  • July 3, 2014
  • 11:25 PM
  • 159 views

Bass lays down the beat

by Shelly Fan in Neurorexia

Image: Fender Jazz Bass Try tapping your finger to a song – any song. Are you focusing on the melodious vocals, or the strong pulsating beat...... Read more »

  • July 3, 2014
  • 06:20 PM
  • 23 views

Igniting Sparks, Surviving Fireworks and Dog Science July!

by Cobb & Hecht in Do You Believe In Dog?

Hey Julie, well, here I am, back in chilly, wintry Melbourne. #SPARCS2014 was an amazing event - such an intense three days with early feedback suggesting over 40,000 people joined in online for canine science, excitement, wonderful researchers and inspiration!  You've done a great job capturing the essence and feedback of this international conference over at DogSpies on the Scientific American Blog Network. I'm so pleased someone took photos, or I think I would have convinc........ Read more »

  • July 3, 2014
  • 01:00 PM
  • 165 views

Why you Should Not Fear Testosterone Therapy

by Gabriel in Lunatic Laboratories

Testosterone, to some it’s a bad word, bringing crazy images like “roid rage” and the like. To others with more than just a pop culture understanding it is a lifesaver. […]... Read more »

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