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  • June 18, 2014
  • 04:37 AM
  • 116 views

The developmental regression rate and autism

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

I have already made mention of the paper by Robin Goin-Kochel and colleagues [1] in a previous post on the topic of developmental regression and autism (see here). On that occasion it was to substantiate that approximately 40% of children diagnosed as being on the autism spectrum were reported to have shown some kind of developmental regression as part and parcel of their presentation. Given however the assertion in the Goin-Kochel paper about using "the largest, most comprehensively phenotyped ........ Read more »

  • June 17, 2014
  • 08:22 AM
  • 123 views

As soon as they can read, children trust text instructions over spoken information

by Christian Jarrett in BPS Research Digest

As adults, we've learned that simple text-based instructions are usually trustworthy. Imagine - if a stranger tells us to turn next left for London, but we come upon a street sign that states the opposite, most of us would probably assume the stranger had made a mistake, and we'd follow the sign.In a new paper, researchers led by Kathleen Corriveau have investigated young children's trust in instructions delivered orally, versus those originating in written text. Their finding is that as soon as........ Read more »

  • June 17, 2014
  • 07:24 AM
  • 69 views

Anxiety Grew Up With Me And I Never Knew

by Namrata Diengdoh in Workout Trends

This morning I was all smiles when I reached office. I could not wait to meet my colleague. When I finally made it to my workstation, I just plopped my bag on to my chair, turned towards my colleague, hugged her and said “Thank you so much for giving me this article, it helped me […]
The post Anxiety Grew Up With Me And I Never Knew appeared first on .
... Read more »

Gliatto MF. (2000) Generalized anxiety disorder. American family physician, 62(7), 1591. PMID: 11037076  

Weller, M., & Wright, S. (1996) Anxiety and schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research, 18(2-3), 123-124. DOI: 10.1016/0920-9964(96)85418-1  

Smith, W., Powell, E., & Ross, S. (1955) MANIFEST ANXIETY AND FOOD AVERSIONS. The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 50(1), 101-104. DOI: 10.1037/h0049253  

Craig, A. (2006) Fear of speaking: chronic anxiety and stammering. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 12(1), 63-68. DOI: 10.1192/apt.12.1.63  

  • June 17, 2014
  • 06:38 AM
  • 114 views

Cynicism & Dementia – Thinking Healthy Helps

by Harsha Radhakrishnan in United Academics

Statements of the Cynical Distrust Scale include (i) I think most people would like to get ahead; (ii) no one cares much what happens to you, etc. The higher one scores, the more cynical distrust they have, and a greater chance of incident dementia. These are the results of a recent study in Finland.... Read more »

  • June 17, 2014
  • 05:43 AM
  • 135 views

Hooked on music: What makes music catchy?

by Henkjan Honing in Music Matters

Everyone knows a hook when they hear one, but scientist don’t know why. By playing the Hooked on Music game you are exploring the science of songs and helping us to unlock what makes music catchy.... Read more »

J.A. Burgoyne, D. Bountouridis, J. van Balen, & H. Honing. (2013) Hooked: A Game for Discovering What Makes Music Catchy. Proceedings of the 14th International Society for Music Information Retrieval Conference , 245-250. info:/

  • June 17, 2014
  • 04:44 AM
  • 108 views

What factors influence the age of autism diagnosis?

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

Old man @ Wikipedia The paper by Ram Mishaal and colleagues [1] examining some of the multitude of variables which might influence how early or late a child receives a diagnosis of autism provides the starting point for today's post. Based on the analysis of over 500 children diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD), the authors found that: "the severity of the social interaction impairment reported by the parents and having a history of developmental regression was associated ........ Read more »

  • June 16, 2014
  • 09:48 PM
  • 159 views

There Was No Couch: On Mental Illness and Creativity

by Jalees Rehman in Fragments of Truth

A study of the prevalence of mental illness published in the Archives of General Psychiatry in 2005 estimated that roughly half of all Americans will have been diagnosed with a mental illness by time they reach the age of 75. This estimate was based on the DSM-IV criteria for mental illness, but the newer DSM-V manual will be released in 2013 and is likely to further expand the diagnosis of mental illness. The DSM-IV criteria had made allowance for bereavement to avoid diagnosing people who were........ Read more »

Kyaga, S., Landén, M., Boman, M., Hultman, C., Långström, N., & Lichtenstein, P. (2013) Mental illness, suicide and creativity: 40-Year prospective total population study. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 47(1), 83-90. DOI: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2012.09.010  

  • June 16, 2014
  • 01:38 PM
  • 142 views

Does Reading ‘Moral’ Stories to Children Promote Honesty?

by Jalees Rehman in The Next Regeneration

All over the world, young children are exposed to classic fairy tales, myths and other stories. Most kids love hearing the stories, but in addition to being a fun activity, story-telling is also thought of as an educational tool which can promote moral reasoning and honesty. Conventional wisdom suggests that hearing fairy tales in which dishonest protagonists are punished might help convince the listeners to become truth-tellers. There is surprisingly little scientific data to back up this conve........ Read more »

Lee K, Talwar V, McCarthy A, Ross I, Evans A, & Arruda C. (2014) Can Classic Moral Stories Promote Honesty in Children?. Psychological science. PMID: 24928424  

  • June 16, 2014
  • 12:30 PM
  • 95 views

How to maintain a well-flowing team, even with the odd icy relationship

by Christian Jarrett in BPS Research Digest

What prevents icy relations between two team members chilling the climate for everyone? New research suggests that it’s not enough simply to have plenty of chances to communicate. Instead, teams that cope with a touch of frost carry out work where everyone sinks or swims together, and have “high quality social exchange”: simply put, they care about each other’s needs and achievements.Jeroen Jong of the Open University of the Netherlands and his Tilburg University collaborators surveyed m........ Read more »

  • June 16, 2014
  • 09:43 AM
  • 35 views

People Sensitive to Criticism May Be Biased Toward Focusing on the Negative

by amikulak in Daily Observations

Being on the receiving end of criticism from loved ones is unpleasant for anybody, but for some people, it may go so far as to affect their mental health. Research […]... Read more »

Masland, S., Hooley, J., Tully, L., Dearing, K., & Gotlib, I. (2014) Cognitive-Processing Biases in Individuals High on Perceived Criticism. Clinical Psychological Science. DOI: 10.1177/2167702614529935  

  • June 16, 2014
  • 09:00 AM
  • 62 views

How the kindergarten classroom hurts the mind?

by Katharine Blackwell in Contemplating Cognition

We like — or these days, even preschool — as the best academic start for our children. Fresh young minds enter a stimulating classroom to enrich their understanding, sculpt their brains, and prepare them for the world. Except, that “enriching” classroom may not be as ideal for learning as we like to imagine. It may instead reflect the way modern society distracts and damages the brain... Read more »

  • June 16, 2014
  • 04:30 AM
  • 99 views

Blocking FRAAs and thyroid function in autism

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

FRAAs - folate receptor alpha autoantibodies - may correlate with reduced thyroid function in cases of autism is the primary finding from the paper by Richard Frye and colleagues [1] (open-access). And immediately my attention is piqued at the possibility of a link...FRAAs have been mentioned before on this blog (see here) based on a really interesting paper by the autism research tag team that is Frye and Rossignol [2] who continue to give when it comes to peer-reviewed research on autism......... Read more »

Richard E. Frye, Jeffrey M Sequeira, Edward Quadros, & Daniel A. Rossignol. (2014) Folate receptor alpha autoantibodies modulate thyroid function in autism spectrum disorder. N A J Med Sci. , 7(2), 53-56. info:/10.7156/najms.2014.0702053

  • June 14, 2014
  • 12:00 PM
  • 150 views

Lies the Labels Told Me: Beware Food Buzzwords

by Gabriel in Lunatic Laboratories

Organic, All natural, and packed full of antioxidants; sounds healthy, doesn’t it? Unsurprisingly however, if something is trying to tout how healthy it is, it probably isn’t. Of course all […]... Read more »

Temple Northup. (2014) Truth, Lies, and Packaging: How Food Marketing Creates a False Sense of Health. Food Studies: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 3(1), 9-18. info:/http://ijo.cgpublisher.com/product/pub.199/prod.56

  • June 14, 2014
  • 05:22 AM
  • 151 views

Do Women’s Brains Make Them Better Parents?

by Rebekah Morrow in United Academics

There’s an age old stereotype that women are made to be mothers, so being a parent comes more naturally to them. A recent paper by Abraham et al. examined brain activity in first-time mothers and fathers, and the results may surprise you.... Read more »

Abraham E, Hendler T, Shapira-Lichter I, Kanat-Maymon Y, Zagoory-Sharon O, & Feldman R. (2014) Father's brain is sensitive to childcare experiences. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. PMID: 24912146  

Ruscio MG, Sweeny TD, Hazelton JL, Suppatkul P, Boothe E, & Carter CS. (2008) Pup exposure elicits hippocampal cell proliferation in the prairie vole. Behavioural brain research, 187(1), 9-16. PMID: 17913255  

  • June 14, 2014
  • 05:14 AM
  • 136 views

Optimal outcome and autism: a role for intervention?

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

Optimal outcome and autism.Not here you don't @ Wikipedia I'm sure most people with an eye on autism research and practice will have come across this issue. The idea is that in amongst the various developmental trajectories which are being realised in these days of autisms over autism, there may be some children previously diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who move outside of the diagnostic boundaries of the condition.There is still lots of debate about the hows and whys........ Read more »

Orinstein AJ, Helt M, Troyb E, Tyson KE, Barton ML, Eigsti IM, Naigles L, & Fein DA. (2014) Intervention for optimal outcome in children and adolescents with a history of autism. Journal of developmental and behavioral pediatrics : JDBP, 35(4), 247-56. PMID: 24799263  

  • June 13, 2014
  • 02:05 PM
  • 45 views

Procrastination & Sleep

by Viputheshwar Sitaraman in Draw Science

The newest form of procrastination and a rising health issue: bedtime procrastination.... Read more »

  • June 13, 2014
  • 11:54 AM
  • 150 views

Fembot Flies Reveal What Males Find Attractive

by Elizabeth Preston in Inkfish

A word of advice to female fruit flies looking for a mate: it’s not hard to catch the eye of a male Drosophila. He’ll chase after almost anything that moves. Really—including a metal cube dabbed with pheromones. That may be embarrassing for the male, but it also shows scientists how a tiny-brained animal weighs information when […]The post Fembot Flies Reveal What Males Find Attractive appeared first on Inkfish.... Read more »

  • June 12, 2014
  • 12:00 PM
  • 109 views

Everyday sadism and squishing bugs revisited

by Katharine Blackwell in Contemplating Cognition

The karmic retribution for my recent exploration of whether willingness to kill bugs reflects “everyday sadism” is, apparently, a near-midnight discovery of the largest cockroach i have ever seen, running laps around my living room ceiling, and quite willing to remind me that, oh yeah, cockroaches can fly. As I texted my sister (note to self: potential blog entry on our instinct for human contact when afraid, and whether electronic devices facilitate that), I was torn between a deep ........ Read more »

Buckels EE, Jones DN, & Paulhus DL. (2013) Behavioral confirmation of everyday sadism. Psychological science, 24(11), 2201-9. PMID: 24022650  

  • June 12, 2014
  • 10:25 AM
  • 128 views

A small proportion of the population are responsible for the vast majority of lies

by Christian Jarrett in BPS Research Digest

Obviously some people lie more often than others. What's surprising is new research showing that the spread of lying propensity through the population is uneven. There is a large majority of "everyday liars", and a small minority of "prolific liars".A few years ago Kim Serota and his colleagues put a figure on this. They surveyed a thousand US citizens and found that five per cent of the sample were responsible for 50 per cent of all lies told. Now Serota's group have analysed data from nearly 3........ Read more »

  • June 12, 2014
  • 07:50 AM
  • 124 views

Got milk [opioid peptides]?

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

"Bovine and human casein-derived opioid peptides increased genome-wide DNA methylation in the transcription start site region with a potency order similar to their inhibition of cysteine uptake".Those were the findings from the paper by Malav Trivedi and colleagues [1] (open-access) including Richard Deth on the authorship team. I was really interested to read this paper having met Malav and Dick a few months back and listened very attentively to some potentially important investigations on-goin........ Read more »

Trivedi, M., Shah, J., Al-Mughairy, S., Hodgson, N., Simms, B., Trooskens, G., Van Criekinge, W., & Deth, R. (2014) Food-derived opioid peptides inhibit cysteine uptake with redox and epigenetic consequences. The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry. DOI: 10.1016/j.jnutbio.2014.05.004  

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