I'll freely admit that until reading the paper by François Féron and colleagues  (open-access available here) I had never heard of MOCOS (MOlybdenum COfactor Sulfurase) before.Described as "an enzyme of the purine metabolism that sulfurates the molybdenum cofactor, thus allowing the two downstream enzymes—xanthine dehydrogenase (XDH) and aldehyde oxidase (AOX1)—to be active", researchers reported that in nasal stem cells provided by a small group of adults diagnosed with an autism ........ Read more »
Féron F, Gepner B, Lacassagne E, Stephan D, Mesnage B, Blanchard MP, Boulanger N, Tardif C, Devèze A, Rousseau S.... (2015) Olfactory stem cells reveal MOCOS as a new player in autism spectrum disorders. Molecular psychiatry. PMID: 26239292
Last year, the US psychologists Clayton Critcher and Melissa Ferguson reported interesting research showing that fatigue from concealing sexual identity can actually hinder cognitive performance. This cost stacks upon others: complications in forming close relationships, concerns about inauthenticity, and damage to psychological and physical health in the longer term all suggest that concealment is not a great position to stay in. And yet "coming out" can also be challenging, and in some cases l........ Read more »
Ryan, W., Legate, N., & Weinstein, N. (2015) Coming Out as Lesbian, Gay, or Bisexual: The Lasting Impact of Initial Disclosure Experiences. Self and Identity, 14(5), 549-569. DOI: 10.1080/15298868.2015.1029516
So: "A large subset (50 %) of the adults with ASD [autism spectrum disorder] met diagnostic criteria for SAD [social anxiety disorder]."That was the conclusion reached in the paper by Brenna Maddox & Susan White  looking at the overlap between autism and SAD in a small-ish participant group. Social anxiety disorder by the way, refers to 'a persistent and overwhelming fear of social situations'. Alongside a growing body of peer-reviewed research talking about the often ........ Read more »
Maddox BB, & White SW. (2015) Comorbid Social Anxiety Disorder in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Journal of autism and developmental disorders. PMID: 26243138
A central point of this paper is something close to my heart—the notion that how one represents a certain piece of mathematics knowledge is often dramatically important. For this research in particular, the authors looked at fraction knowledge across three different countries: the U.S., Belgium, and China. ... Read more »
Torbeyns, J., Schneider, M., Xin, Z., & Siegler, R. (2015) Bridging the gap: Fraction understanding is central to mathematics achievement in students from three different continents. Learning and Instruction, 5-13. DOI: 10.1016/j.learninstruc.2014.03.002
It's a question that many people struggle with and has great implications for the study of our species: are men and women more alike than different or more different than alike, and what differences exist between the sexes?... Read more »
If men take up more of the child-care duties, splitting them equally with their female partners, heterosexual couples have more satisfaction with their relationships and their sex lives, according to new research by sociologists. The group used data from more than 900 heterosexual couples’ responses in the 2006 Marital Relationship Study (MARS).... Read more »
Daniel Fowler et al. (2015) Couples That Split Childcare Duties Have Higher Quality Relationships and Sex Lives . American Sociological Association. info:other/Link
Photography is an interesting task that inspires many people to inspire many others. It starts from the art of creativity and imagination, goes from the science of click and light, and ends with a beautiful memory in the hand or book. For some people, this memory helps them in earning more memories.
So, one of my favorite ideas to earn more memories is through Dreamstime. You can join Dreamstime to earn money and help others to earn money through photography, here:
http://w........ Read more »
Park, D., Lodi-Smith, J., Drew, L., Haber, S., Hebrank, A., Bischof, G., & Aamodt, W. (2013) The Impact of Sustained Engagement on Cognitive Function in Older Adults: The Synapse Project. Psychological Science, 25(1), 103-112. DOI: 10.1177/0956797613499592
Sacchi, D., Agnoli, F., & Loftus, E. (2007) Changing history: doctored photographs affect memory for past public events. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 21(8), 1005-1022. DOI: 10.1002/acp.1394
In an era where popular culture is increasingly recognized for its impact on lay understanding of health and medicine, few scholars have looked at television’s powerful role in the creation of patient expectations, especially regarding pregnancy and birth.... Read more »
Danielle Bessett. (2015) As Seen on TV: Women's Views on Television Representations of Pregnancy and Birth. American Sociological Association’s 110th Annual Meeting. info:other/SES-0402165
I'd like to briefly draw your attention to the review published by Elizabeth DeVilbiss and colleagues  today, covering "what is known about the role of folate in the aetiology of neurodevelopmental disorders."Folate, is a topic that has graced this blog a few times with autism in mind (see here for example) based on various ideas that folate status during pregnancy might have the ability to modify offspring risk of autism  alongside the idea that autoimmune processes might act on fola........ Read more »
DeVilbiss EA, Gardner RM, Newschaffer CJ, & Lee BK. (2015) Maternal folate status as a risk factor for autism spectrum disorders: a review of existing evidence. The British journal of nutrition, 1-10. PMID: 26243379
Here’s another collection of interesting tidbits that don’t rate an entire blog post on their own but that we think worthy of mention. Think of them as our contribution to your conversational contributions over dinner, drinks, or to fill that awkward silence that pops up unexpectedly. Be thin, White and attractive for crowdfunding success! It’s […]
A law firm’s financial success & the managing partners’ face
Intergenerational Law Offices and Intergenerationa........ Read more »
Kret ME, Fischer AH, & De Dreu CK. (2015) Pupil Mimicry Correlates With Trust in In-Group Partners With Dilating Pupils. Psychological science. PMID: 26231910
In most areas of life, we expect the free versions of products to be sub-standard compared with the "premium" paid-for versions. After all, why would anyone pay for something if the free equivalent were better? However, a new study of personality tests boots this logic off the park – psychologists at the University of Texas report in the Journal of Psychology that free tests are more reliable and efficient than their paid-for, proprietary counterparts.To measure test reliability, Tyler Ha........ Read more »
Hamby, T., Taylor, W., Snowden, A., & Peterson, R. (2015) A Meta-Analysis of the Reliability of Free and For-Pay Big Five Scales. The Journal of Psychology, 1-12. DOI: 10.1080/00223980.2015.1060186
"The ASD [autism spectrum disorder] group receiving digestive enzyme therapy for 3 months had significant improvement in emotional response, general impression autistic score, general behavior and gastrointestinal symptoms. Our study demonstrated the usefulness of digestive enzyme in our population of ASD patients."So said the results of a randomised, placebo-controlled clinical trial published by Khaled Saad and colleagues  (open-access available here) on the use of a specific dige........ Read more »
Saad K, Eltayeb AA, Mohamad IL, Al-Atram AA, Elserogy Y, Bjørklund G, El-Houfey AA, & Nicholson B. (2015) A Randomized, Placebo-controlled Trial of Digestive Enzymes in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Clinical psychopharmacology and neuroscience : the official scientific journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology, 13(2), 188-93. PMID: 26243847
The hippocampus in the brain’s temporal lobe is responsible for more than just long-term memory. Researchers have for the first time demonstrated that it is also involved in quick and successful conflict resolution.... Read more »
C.R. Oehrn, C. Baumann, J. Fell, H. Lee, H. Kessler, U. Habel, S. Hanslmayr, & N. Axmacher. (2015) Human hippocampal dynamics during response conflict. Current Biology. info:/10.1016/j.cub.2015.07.032
Adventure therapy is the use of challenging situations in unique environments to help someone overcome or cope with a mental health problem.... Read more »
Koperski H, Tucker AR, Lung DM, & Gass MA. (2015) The Impact of Community Based Adventure Therapy on Stress and Coping Skills in Adults. The Practitioner Scholar: Journal of Counseling and Professional Psychology, 4(1), 1-16. info:/
By guest blogger Stuart RitchieIt’s always gratifying, as a psychologist, to feel like you’re studying something important. So you can imagine the excitement when it was discovered that intelligence predicts life expectancy. This finding is now supported by a large literature including systematic reviews, the most recent of which estimated that a difference of one standard deviation in childhood or youth intelligence (that’s 15 IQ points on a standardised scale) is linked to a 24 per cent ........ Read more »
Arden, R., Luciano, M., Deary, I., Reynolds, C., Pedersen, N., Plassman, B., McGue, M., Christensen, K., & Visscher, P. (2015) The association between intelligence and lifespan is mostly genetic. International Journal of Epidemiology. DOI: 10.1093/ije/dyv112
If you had to guess, would you say that younger people or older people are better at learning abstract causal principles? When first thinking about this question, I would have thought that older people would be better at this given that … Continue reading →... Read more »
Gopnik, A., Griffiths, T., & Lucas, C. (2015) When Younger Learners Can Be Better (or at Least More Open-Minded) Than Older Ones. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 24(2), 87-92. DOI: 10.1177/0963721414556653
A new study casts doubt on the idea that alcohol causes people to seem more attractive - the famous "beer goggles" effect.
Psychologists Olivia Maynard and colleauges, of Bristol, UK, conducted an unusual "real world" experiment. Rather than doing their testing in the laboratory, they went into three Bristol pubs in the evening (5-11 pm) and recruited volunteers on the spot. With a total sample size of 311, it was a very large sample.
Each participant was breathalyzed to estimate thei... Read more »
Maynard, O., Skinner, A., Troy, D., Attwood, A., & Munafò, M. (2015) Association of Alcohol Consumption with Perception of Attractiveness in a Naturalistic Environment. Alcohol and Alcoholism. DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agv096
"At the end of 2013, the prevalence among children born in 2006 was 1 case of autism spectrum disorder per 46 children or 215.77 per 10 000."That was the conclusions reached in the study by Lorine Pelly and colleagues  looking at "the incidence and 1-year cohort prevalence for autism spectrum disorders in children less than 15 years of age and living in the Avalon Peninsula at the time of diagnosis." The Avalon Peninsula by the way, is located in Canada.Looking at data derived from the "........ Read more »
Pelly, L., Vardy, C., Fernandez, B., Newhook, L., & Chafe, R. (2015) Incidence and cohort prevalence for autism spectrum disorders in the Avalon Peninsula, Newfoundland and Labrador. CMAJ Open, 3(3). DOI: 10.9778/cmajo.20140056
Having friends who suffer from depression doesn’t affect the mental health of others, according to research. The team found that having friends can help teenagers recover from depression or even avoid becoming depressed in the first instance. The findings are the result of a study of the way teenagers in a group of US high schools influenced each others’ mood. The academics used a mathematical model to establish if depression spreads from friend to friend.... Read more »
E. M. Hill, F. E. Griffiths, & T. House. (2015) Spreading of healthy mood in adolescent social networks. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. info:/10.1098/rspb.2015.1180
If you while away time in a games arcade – play some coin pushers here, a few fruit machines there – you will soon be familiar with that frustrating and enlivening sensation of the near win that follows getting four cherries out of five. New research from INSEAD suggests that these tantalising near wins produce high levels of motivational arousal, that encourage us to chase whatever alternative rewards are then available.In one fascinating experiment, Monica Wadhwa and JeeHye Christine Kim g........ Read more »
Wadhwa, M., & Kim, J. (2015) Can a Near Win Kindle Motivation? The Impact of Nearly Winning on Motivation for Unrelated Rewards. Psychological Science, 26(6), 701-708. DOI: 10.1177/0956797614568681
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