Researchers have found that looking at too many food pictures can make it less pleasant to eat.
Journal of Consumer Psychology
fast food (Credit: Flickr)Study Further:
Researchers have recently reported that by looking at the pictures of food on Instagram or Pinterest, consumers feel like they have already experienced eating that food, thereby reducing the pleasure and surprise of the taste without even eating that food.
Researchers, in the present stu........ Read more »
Jeffrey S. Larson et al. (2013) Satiation from sensory simulation: Evaluating foods decreases enjoyment of similar foods. Journal of Consumer Psychology. DOI: 10.1016/j.jcps.2013.09.001
If you watch any of the numerous dance
shows on TV, such as Dancing with the Stars, So You Think You Can Dance, or
even Dance Moms, you know that dancing at the elite level requires a lot more than strong muscles, a flexible body, and fierce determination. Professional dancers are smart. Not only are their bodies working at a high level, but their minds are as well. When performing, dancers are juggling numerous thoughts as they strive to execute each movement as precisely as
possible. “Poi........ Read more »
Warburton EC, Wilson M, Lynch M, & Cuykendall S. (2013) The cognitive benefits of movement reduction: evidence from dance marking. Psychological science, 24(9), 1732-9. PMID: 23863756
The wisdom of aging may not apply to economic decisions. In a study of choices make about money, the oldest people performed the worst—even beating out the usual bad-decision champions, adolescents.
Agnieszka Tymula, a decision scientist at the University of Sydney in Australia, studies economic decision making in humans (and sometimes monkeys). With colleagues at Yale and New York University, she gathered 135 total subjects in four different age groups: teens (12-17), young adults (21-25)........ Read more »
Agnieszka Tymula, Lior A. Rosenberg Belmaker, Lital Ruderman, Paul W. Glimcher, & Ifat Levy. (2013) Like cognitive function, decision making across the life span shows profound age-related changes. PNAS. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1309909110
Our brains are wired to make things up. To make sense of the physical world around us, the brain takes bits of information received from the senses and, like an artist painting a landscape, creates a unique mental picture shaped by its experiences. Without this ability to process sensory information (called perception) we wouldn’t be able to see in three dimensions, understand someone speaking in a noisy room, or even watch a film at the cinema. But there is a caveat: the brain can sometimes m........ Read more »
For those of you blurting out “men are more corrupt”–slow down a bit. Interestingly, it may depend in part on where you live and whether corruption is seen as something to avoid (rather than a fact of life). According to these researchers, women in democratic countries are less likely to tolerate corruption and less likely […]
“It was ‘a man’s work’ and I just didn’t like working with those incompetent women….”
Men prefer boxes and women prefer e........ Read more »
Esarey, Justin, & Chirillo, Gina. (2013) 'Fairer Sex' or Purity Myth? Corruption, Gender, and Institutional Context. Politics and Gender . info:/
As summer inevitably turns to Autumn and the prospect of those colder, darker winter days and nights further encroaches, I find myself again talking about the growing body of research and speculation suggestive of a link between autism (or at least some of the autisms) and the sunshine vitamin - vitamin D - and its related biochemistry.Autumn @ Wikipedia I was brought to this post by an interesting patent application by The Trustees Of Columbia University In The Cit........ Read more »
Image: Bradley SmithHi Mia and Julie,As one of the few in the world exploring the ‘mind’ of the dingo, the highly controversial wild dog of Australia, I consider myself quite a rare ‘breed’ of scientist. So I thought I would let you know about some of the recent work I have done with dingoes, including a few world first discoveries. It seems dingoes are becoming just as famous for solving problems as they are for causing them!I find the differences between the way wild and domestic dogs ........ Read more »
Smith Bradley Philip, Appleby Robert George, & Litchfield Carla Anita. (2012) Spontaneous tool-use: An observation of a dingo (Canis dingo) using a table to access an out-of-reach food reward. Behavioural Processes, 89(3), 219-224. DOI: 10.1016/j.beproc.2011.11.004
Appleby Rob, Smith Bradley, & Jones Darryl. (2013) Observations of a free-ranging adult female dingo (Canis dingo) and littermates’ responses to the death of a pup. Behavioural Processes, 42-46. DOI: 10.1016/j.beproc.2013.02.016
Literary fiction takes the reader on a journey into other worlds, other lives, other minds. A new study shows that this has an immediate effect on the reader's powers of empathy, as judged by simple lab tests. The same benefit was not found for popular fiction.
"Readers of literary fiction must draw on more flexible interpretative resources to infer the feelings and thoughts of characters," said the researchers David Kidd and Emanuele Castano at the New School for Social Research.&n........ Read more »
David Comer Kidd, & Emanuele Castano. (2013) Reading literary fiction improves theory of mind. Science express. info:/
Perhaps the most striking thing about the GOP’s plan to shut down the government sans a long- or short-term strategy is that it’s arguably not the most incomprehensible position they’ve taken in the past month. That award goes to their comittment to ravage spending on food stamps while preserving subsides for a much wealthier group […]... Read more »
Nadler, A., & Chernyak-Hai, L. (2013) Helping Them Stay Where They Are: Status Effects on Dependency/Autonomy-Oriented Helping. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. DOI: 10.1037/a0034152
Every team contains the seed of the subgroup – a group that forms within a group. Common interests, background, or habits may lead some people to interact in their own specific dynamic. There isn't yet a research consensus on the consequences of subgroups, but happily a new paper by Andrew Carton and Jonathon Cummings helps us understand the context in which there can be benefits or burdens.One area that researchers agree on is the disruptive nature of especially strong fault lines: deep diffe........ Read more »
Carton AM, & Cummings JN. (2013) The impact of subgroup type and subgroup configurational properties on work team performance. The Journal of applied psychology, 98(5), 732-58. PMID: 23915429
Photo: taviphoto/Shutterstock In parts of north America, some people keep their cats indoors because of the risk of predation by coyotes. Outdoors cats must co-exist with them, if they can. Yet very little is known about the risk to cats from coyotes, and the extent to which populations overlap. A fascinating study of free-roaming cats in Chicago (Gehrt et al 2013) provides answers to these questions.Chicago is one of the largest cities in north America with a human population of over 8 mil........ Read more »
Gehrt, Stanley D., Wilson, Evan C., Brown, Justin L., & Anchor, Chris. (2013) Population ecology of free-roaming cats and interference competition by coyotes in urban parks. PLoS ONE, 8(9). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0075718
“Older people shouldn’t even try to act cool.” One of three factors in a new assessment which measures age-based prescriptive stereotypes includes this item. A different factor asks respondents to endorse this item “Doctors spend too much time treating sickly older people”. Leading age researchers recently argued that we must increase our understanding of [...]The post Entering, Enjoying, and Exiting the “Age Queue” and the “SIC” Scale: A New Way to Measure [and Lawyers t........ Read more »
North, M.S., & Fiske, S.T. (2013) A prescriptive intergenerational – tension ageism scale: Succession, identify, and consumption. Psychological Assessment. info:/10.1037/a0032367
by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room
We bring you various psychological questionnaires from time to time. You heard about the GASP scale here (a measure of how prone you are to shame and guilt). Let’s not forget we also told you about the Depravity Scale (when describing specific behaviors, just how creepy, heinous, or depraved are they?). We’ve also shown you […]
‘Everyday Sadists’: They walk among us
The GASP scale: A new measure of guilt and shame proneness
Keep your eye on this one: A Depravity S........ Read more »
From helping with patients' stress levels, to their adherence to treatment, psychology is now recognised as vital not only to mental health care but to physical health care too. In fact, it's impossible to draw a clear line between the two. As such, psychology has become a core component of curricula for medical students around the world. But though the importance of psychology is recognised officially by teaching bodies, it's not clear that jobbing medical lecturers have the same opinion. In ........ Read more »
Stephen Gallagher, Sarah Wallace, Yoga Nathan, & Deirdre McGrath. (2013) ‘Soft and fluffy’: Medical students’ attitudes towards psychology in medical education. Journal of Health Psychology. DOI: 10.1177/1359105313499780
It is an everyday consideration in healthcare for both patients and clinicians: should opioid therapy be started and if, when should it be stopped again?... Read more »
Kim Kristiansen, M.D. (2013) Long Term Opioid Treatment: Help or Harm? . Picture of Pain Blog. info:/
Some researchers have argued that how dogmatically people hold their beliefs is more important to religious prejudice than the actual content of their beliefs. However, a recent study suggests that when it comes to prejudice against gays and atheists, the content of the belief – specifically belief in God – is as important, perhaps even more important, than how dogmatically a person holds those beliefs.... Read more »
Shen, M. J., Yelderman, L. A., Haggard, M. C., . (2013) Disentangling the belief in God and cognitive rigidity/flexibility components of religiosity to predict racial and value-violating prejudice: A Post-Critical Belief Scale analysis. Personality and Individual Differences, 54(3), 389-395. DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2012.10.008
Before her mother convinced her to be a doctor, my mother was a ballerina. As a result, whenever I tried to blame some external factor for my failures, I was met with my mother’s favorite aphorism: a bad dancer’s shoes are always too tight. “Ahh, another idiosyncratic story about the human side of research,” you […]... Read more »
Livnat A, & Pippenger N. (2008) Systematic mistakes are likely in bounded optimal decision-making systems. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 250(3), 410-23. PMID: 18022645
Everyday learning often starts with a surprise. Something unexpected happens and you use that to change your understanding. You learn the most when you use metacognitive strategies to adapt your mindset. Metacognition is what you know about how you think and learn. It includes knowing what you know (and what you don’t). It also includes […]... Read more »
Winston R. Sieck, Jennifer L. Smith, & Louise J. Rasmussen. (2013) Metacognitive strategies for making sense of cross-cultural encounters. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 44(6), 1007-1023. DOI: 10.1177/0022022113492890
We’re getting closer to the end of the year and for many firms and organizations that means it’s time to think about bonuses. Many people rely on these bonuses to get them through the holidays with all the extra spending (gifts, … Continue reading →... Read more »
Anik L, Aknin LB, Norton MI, Dunn EW, & Quoidbach J. (2013) Prosocial Bonuses Increase Employee Satisfaction and Team Performance. PLOS One. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0075509
More than a century ago, scientists discovered something usual about how people with schizophrenia move their eyes. Psychologist and inventor Raymond Dodge and psychiatrist Allen Diefendorf were trying out an early incarnation of the modern eye tracker. When they used it on psychiatric patients, they found that people with schizophrenia had a funny way of following a moving object with their eyes.... Read more »
Benson PJ, Beedie SA, Shephard E, Giegling I, Rujescu D, & St Clair D. (2012) Simple viewing tests can detect eye movement abnormalities that distinguish schizophrenia cases from controls with exceptional accuracy. Biological psychiatry, 72(9), 716-24. PMID: 22621999
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