The journal Neurology features an interesting – and rather heartwarming – case report: “Teacher interrupted” Authors Jason Cuomo et al, of Loyola University Chicago, write: Reading to children was a source of fulfillment in the life of M.P., a 40-year-old aunt, kindergarten teacher, and reading specialist … But all of that changed when, on a […]The post The Teacher Who Forgot How To Read appeared first on Neuroskeptic.... Read more »
Cuomo J, Flaster M, & Biller J. (2014) Right Brain: A reading specialist with alexia without agraphia: Teacher interrupted. Neurology, 82(1). PMID: 24379102
A few months ago, I planned on writing more posts about academic research. I wrote one about spending your bonus on others making you happier (than if you’d spent it on yourself), but haven’t got around to it since. My intentions … Continue reading →... Read more »
Chad H. Van Iddekinge, Stephen E. Lanivich, Philip L. Roth, & Elliott Junco. (2013) Social Media for Selection? Validity and Adverse Impact Potential of a Facebook-Based Assessment. Journal of Management. DOI: 10.1177/0149206313515524
The camera snapshot of an exhibit is almost an automatic reflex by museum visitors in the 21st century, although I must admit I am a bit baffled by the motivation. I’m not sure what the teeming crowd wants to gain with those snapshots…but now we have good evidence of what they will lose: some of their memory for the art they were photographing.... Read more »
Henkel LA. (2013) Point-and-Shoot Memories: The Influence of Taking Photos on Memory for a Museum Tour. Psychological Science. PMID: 24311477
Traditionally, when a person says they can hear voices that don't exist in external reality (not to be confused with inner speaking), psychiatry has treated this as a sign of mental illness. However, it's become clear in recent years that many people hear hallucinated voices without it causing them distress. To improve our understanding of how voice-hearing becomes problematic it's clear we need to understand more about the different ways that people experience hearing voices.Now Lucy Holt ........ Read more »
Holt L, & Tickle A. (2013) Exploring the experience of hearing voices from a first person perspective: A meta-ethnographic synthesis. Psychology and psychotherapy. PMID: 24227763
HERVs. Human endogenous retroviruses. The remnants of our evolutionary struggle with the viruses of the times of our distant ancestors, now part and parcel of our modern-day genome. Yes, genetically, we are all part virus to various extents [so embrace your viral self].HMS Beagle @ WikipediaI've talked HERVs on a few occasions on this blog, in relation both to the autism spectrum conditions (see here) and myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME) (see here).Without getting too technical, the crux of t........ Read more »
Balestrieri E, Pitzianti M, Matteucci C, D'Agati E, Sorrentino R, Baratta A, Caterina R, Zenobi R, Curatolo P, Garaci E.... (2013) Human endogenous retroviruses and ADHD. The world journal of biological psychiatry : the official journal of the World Federation of Societies of Biological Psychiatry. PMID: 24286278
Two months ago Jonathan Martin, a football player on the Miami Dolphins, left the team due to mistreatment from teammates, which included receiving threatening phone messages from another player. The incident raised concerns about hazing within the NFL, but it also prompted some to suggest that Martin himself bears at least partial responsibility for his fate. For example, another NFL player stated in an interview that Martin is "just as much to blame because he allowed it to happen" and shou........ Read more »
When a man describes himself as bisexual, we usually take this to mean that he has sexual relations with both men and women, and/or that he is attracted to both sexes. However, prior lab research has found that many men who self-identify as bi-sexual are not in fact sexually aroused - in a physical sense - by the opposite sex.It's important to remember that physical sexual arousal is only one reflection of a person's sexual desires and identity, not the be all and end all. However, this past res........ Read more »
An activist shouts at the Power Shift '09 rally on the West Lawn of the U.S. Capitol in 2009 | Getty Images.When you picture a feminist or an environmental campaigner, what kind of a person do you think of? If you're like the US participants in this new paper, then you'll have in mind an eccentric, militant, unhygienic person. Nadia Bashir and her colleagues say this commonly held stereotype of an activist is partly responsible for the sluggishness of social change. Large sections of the public ........ Read more »
Nadia Y. Bashir, Penelope Lockwood, Alison L. Chasteen, Daniel Nadolny, & Indra Noyes. (2013) The ironic impact of activists: Negative stereotypes reduce social change influence. European Journal of Social Psychology. DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.1983
Happy New Year! Καλή Χρονιά (in Greek).Welcome back to Questioning Answers in 2014. Let's continue our journey across the autism research landscape.Party time, excellent @ Wikipedia Holidays. Whilst never regretting the opportunity to go on holiday/vacation, I am the type of person who has a strong desire to stay connected to the (research) world. I wouldn't necessarily say that I'm a product of the age of social media, more of late convert who ran enthusiastically towards th........ Read more »
Martha Spilioti, Athanasios Evangeliou, Despoina Tramma, Zoe Theodoridou, Spyridon Metaxas, Eleni Michailidi, Eleni Bonti, Helen Frysira, Katerina Haidopoulou, Despoina Asprangathou.... (2013) Evidence for Treatable Inborn Errors of Metabolism in a Cohort of 187 Greek Patients with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Front. Hum. Neurosci. info:/
Zoetropes like this one have been used for almost 2000 years. If you look in the slits from the side, the image appears to be animated. Image by Andrew Dunn at Wikimedia Commons.When we watch TV or a movie, we are essentially watching a series of still images presented in rapid succession… so rapid, in fact, that we perceive them to be a single moving image. The ability of movie-makers to convince us that still images are fluid in time is based on our physiology. Specifically, moving-pictures,........ Read more »
Healy, K., McNally, L., Ruxton, G.D., Cooper, N., & Jackson, A.L. (2013) Metabolic rate and body size are linked with perception of temporal information. Animal Behaviour, 685-696. DOI: 10.1016/j.anbehav.2013.06.018
Lots of things make me happy – but few things feel as wonderful as showing appreciation for the kindness, love, or courtesy extended by another person.
My Buddha Doodles Gratitude Journal by Molly Hahn (Mollycules)! I love the art in this journal and there is plenty of space provided to write down positive experiences from each day.
Gratitude, originating from the Latin word gratus meaning ‘thankful’, is a powerful moral sentiment that psychologists have shown significantly........ Read more »
Seligman Martin E. P., Steen Tracy A., Park Nansook, & Peterson Christopher. (2005) Positive Psychology Progress: Empirical Validation of Interventions. American Psychologist, 60(5), 410-421. DOI: 10.1037/0003-066X.60.5.410
Zahn R., Moll J., Paiva M., Garrido G., Krueger F., Huey E. D., & Grafman J. (2009) The Neural Basis of Human Social Values: Evidence from Functional MRI. Cerebral Cortex, 19(2), 276-283. DOI: 10.1093/cercor/bhn080
Many school classrooms have an animal, whether it’s a fish, rabbit or guinea pig. A new study in Australia by Marguerite O’Haire (University of Queensland) et al investigates whether an eight-week program involving a guinea pig in class leads to improved social skills and a reduction in problem behaviours.Photo: waldru / ShutterstockSchools that wanted to take part in the project were divided into two groups, one that received the program and one that was wait-listed. This meant th........ Read more »
O'Haire ME, McKenzie SJ, McCune S, & Slaughter V. (2013) Effects of Animal-Assisted Activities with Guinea Pigs in the Primary School Classroom. Anthrozoos, 26(3). PMID: 24265514
O'Haire ME, McKenzie SJ, McCune S, & Slaughter V. (2013) Effects of Classroom Animal-Assisted Activities on Social Functioning in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Journal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, N.Y.). PMID: 24156772
In 1959 at the University of Cambridge, C.P. Snow delivered his (now infamous) Rede lecture on the Two Cultures of science and humanities (or his derogatory term for the latter — ‘literary intellectuals’). Although Snow was both a writer and a scientist, his lecture was largely anti-humanities. It is unclear if the divide between science […]... Read more »
by amikulak in Daily Observations
Various jobs in security, medicine, and other fields require employees to pick out a target item in the midst of lots of distracting information. To complicate matters, the targets that […]... Read more »
Mitroff, S.R., & Biggs, A.T. (2013) The ultra-rare-item Effect: Visual search for exceedingly rare items is highly susceptible to error. Psychological Science. DOI: 10.1177/0956797613504221
According to a recent Perspectives on Psychological Science article by Erika Carlson, most people don’t know themselves that well…but if they wanted to find out, they might take up mindfulness. She reports two barriers to knowing ourselves, information and motivation, and argues that mindfulness can help with both.... Read more »
Carlson, E. (2013) Overcoming the Barriers to Self-Knowledge: Mindfulness as a Path to Seeing Yourself as You Really Are. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 8(2), 173-186. DOI: 10.1177/1745691612462584
by amikulak in Daily Observations
There are certain things that are notoriously hard for us to do: Leaving the theater halfway through a terrible movie, deciding to quit a craft project that doesn’t look like […]... Read more »
Hafenbrack, A.C., Kinias, Z., & Barsade, S.G. (2013) Debiasing the mind through meditation: Mindfulness and the sunk-cost bias. Psychological Science. DOI: 10.1177/0956797613503853
This is Part II of my mini-series on the Mandometer(r) treatment for eating disorders (link to Part I). In Part I, I provided some background on the Mandometer(r) treatment; in this post, I want to take an in-depth look at the recent Mandometer treatment study. My main goal is to see whether their data live up to their claims. Warning: This post may contain high levels of snark.
Their main claims? This is from the abstract:
Sounds pretty good, right? (Note the use of the word “........ Read more »
Bergh C, Callmar M, Danemar S, Hölcke M, Isberg S, Leon M, Lindgren J, Lundqvist A, Niinimaa M, Olofsson B.... (2013) Effective treatment of eating disorders: Results at multiple sites. Behavioral neuroscience, 127(6), 878-89. PMID: 24341712
More exercise is a good New Year’s resolution, but do you know why it is good for you. Sure, you strengthen your heart and may lose some weight, but exercise affects your brain most of all. In terms of improved mood, research is showing how brain derived neurotrophic factor is stimulated by endocannabinoids and then increases serotonin production. The endocannabinoids have also recently been shown to decrease nociception to allow for increased effects of high serotonin and dopamine levels......... Read more »
Galdino G, Romero TR, Silva JF, Aguiar DC, de Paula AM, Cruz JS, Parrella C, Piscitelli F, Duarte ID, Di Marzo V.... (2013) The endocannabinoid system mediates aerobic exercise-induced antinociception in rats. Neuropharmacology, 313-324. PMID: 24148812
Koh SX, & Lee JK. (2013) S100B as a Marker for Brain Damage and Blood-Brain Barrier Disruption Following Exercise. Sports medicine (Auckland, N.Z.). PMID: 24194479
Heyman E, Gamelin FX, Goekint M, Piscitelli F, Roelands B, Leclair E, Di Marzo V, & Meeusen R. (2012) Intense exercise increases circulating endocannabinoid and BDNF levels in humans--possible implications for reward and depression. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 37(6), 844-51. PMID: 22029953
Vučković MG, Li Q, Fisher B, Nacca A, Leahy RM, Walsh JP, Mukherjee J, Williams C, Jakowec MW, Petzinger GM. (2010) Exercise elevates dopamine D2 receptor in a mouse model of Parkinson's disease: in vivo imaging with [¹⁸F]fallypride. Movement Disorders, 25(16), 2777-2784. DOI: 10.1002/mds.23407
Puterman E, Lin J, Blackburn E, O'Donovan A, Adler N, & Epel E. (2010) The power of exercise: buffering the effect of chronic stress on telomere length. PloS one, 5(5). PMID: 20520771
Like the legal profession, the interpersonal behaviors of effective communication and interpersonal sensitivity matter greatly in the practice of medicine. As a result of recent research, medical schools admissions committees and medical school faculty have some empirical support, and consequently may want start to assessing candidates for admission or medical students progressing through the [...]The post Professional Education and Development Alert: Emotional Intelligence, Effective Communi........ Read more »
Libbrecht, N., Lievens, F., Carette, B., & Côté, S. (2013) Emotional intelligence predicts success in medical school. Emotion. DOI: 10.1037/a0034392
This week a theoretical paper will come out in Frontiers in Neuroscience that reviews the literature on rhythm and timing in humans and nonhuman primates observing different species to species behavior in interval-based timing versus beat-based timing.... Read more »
Merchant, H., & Honing, H. (2013) Are non-human primates capable of rhythmic entrainment? Evidence for the gradual audiomotor evolution hypothesis. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 7(274). info:/
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