Perhaps the most striking thing about the GOP’s plan to shut down the government sans a long- or short-term strategy is that it’s arguably not the most incomprehensible position they’ve taken in the past month. That award goes to their comittment to ravage spending on food stamps while preserving subsides for a much wealthier group […]... Read more »
Nadler, A., & Chernyak-Hai, L. (2013) Helping Them Stay Where They Are: Status Effects on Dependency/Autonomy-Oriented Helping. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. DOI: 10.1037/a0034152
Every team contains the seed of the subgroup – a group that forms within a group. Common interests, background, or habits may lead some people to interact in their own specific dynamic. There isn't yet a research consensus on the consequences of subgroups, but happily a new paper by Andrew Carton and Jonathon Cummings helps us understand the context in which there can be benefits or burdens.One area that researchers agree on is the disruptive nature of especially strong fault lines: deep diffe........ Read more »
Carton AM, & Cummings JN. (2013) The impact of subgroup type and subgroup configurational properties on work team performance. The Journal of applied psychology, 98(5), 732-58. PMID: 23915429
Photo: taviphoto/Shutterstock In parts of north America, some people keep their cats indoors because of the risk of predation by coyotes. Outdoors cats must co-exist with them, if they can. Yet very little is known about the risk to cats from coyotes, and the extent to which populations overlap. A fascinating study of free-roaming cats in Chicago (Gehrt et al 2013) provides answers to these questions.Chicago is one of the largest cities in north America with a human population of over 8 mil........ Read more »
Gehrt, Stanley D., Wilson, Evan C., Brown, Justin L., & Anchor, Chris. (2013) Population ecology of free-roaming cats and interference competition by coyotes in urban parks. PLoS ONE, 8(9). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0075718
“Older people shouldn’t even try to act cool.” One of three factors in a new assessment which measures age-based prescriptive stereotypes includes this item. A different factor asks respondents to endorse this item “Doctors spend too much time treating sickly older people”. Leading age researchers recently argued that we must increase our understanding of [...]The post Entering, Enjoying, and Exiting the “Age Queue” and the “SIC” Scale: A New Way to Measure [and Lawyers t........ Read more »
North, M.S., & Fiske, S.T. (2013) A prescriptive intergenerational – tension ageism scale: Succession, identify, and consumption. Psychological Assessment. info:/10.1037/a0032367
by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room
We bring you various psychological questionnaires from time to time. You heard about the GASP scale here (a measure of how prone you are to shame and guilt). Let’s not forget we also told you about the Depravity Scale (when describing specific behaviors, just how creepy, heinous, or depraved are they?). We’ve also shown you […]
‘Everyday Sadists’: They walk among us
The GASP scale: A new measure of guilt and shame proneness
Keep your eye on this one: A Depravity S........ Read more »
From helping with patients' stress levels, to their adherence to treatment, psychology is now recognised as vital not only to mental health care but to physical health care too. In fact, it's impossible to draw a clear line between the two. As such, psychology has become a core component of curricula for medical students around the world. But though the importance of psychology is recognised officially by teaching bodies, it's not clear that jobbing medical lecturers have the same opinion. In ........ Read more »
Stephen Gallagher, Sarah Wallace, Yoga Nathan, & Deirdre McGrath. (2013) ‘Soft and fluffy’: Medical students’ attitudes towards psychology in medical education. Journal of Health Psychology. DOI: 10.1177/1359105313499780
It is an everyday consideration in healthcare for both patients and clinicians: should opioid therapy be started and if, when should it be stopped again?... Read more »
Kim Kristiansen, M.D. (2013) Long Term Opioid Treatment: Help or Harm? . Picture of Pain Blog. info:/
Some researchers have argued that how dogmatically people hold their beliefs is more important to religious prejudice than the actual content of their beliefs. However, a recent study suggests that when it comes to prejudice against gays and atheists, the content of the belief – specifically belief in God – is as important, perhaps even more important, than how dogmatically a person holds those beliefs.... Read more »
Shen, M. J., Yelderman, L. A., Haggard, M. C., . (2013) Disentangling the belief in God and cognitive rigidity/flexibility components of religiosity to predict racial and value-violating prejudice: A Post-Critical Belief Scale analysis. Personality and Individual Differences, 54(3), 389-395. DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2012.10.008
Before her mother convinced her to be a doctor, my mother was a ballerina. As a result, whenever I tried to blame some external factor for my failures, I was met with my mother’s favorite aphorism: a bad dancer’s shoes are always too tight. “Ahh, another idiosyncratic story about the human side of research,” you […]... Read more »
Livnat A, & Pippenger N. (2008) Systematic mistakes are likely in bounded optimal decision-making systems. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 250(3), 410-23. PMID: 18022645
Everyday learning often starts with a surprise. Something unexpected happens and you use that to change your understanding. You learn the most when you use metacognitive strategies to adapt your mindset. Metacognition is what you know about how you think and learn. It includes knowing what you know (and what you don’t). It also includes […]... Read more »
Winston R. Sieck, Jennifer L. Smith, & Louise J. Rasmussen. (2013) Metacognitive strategies for making sense of cross-cultural encounters. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 44(6), 1007-1023. DOI: 10.1177/0022022113492890
We’re getting closer to the end of the year and for many firms and organizations that means it’s time to think about bonuses. Many people rely on these bonuses to get them through the holidays with all the extra spending (gifts, … Continue reading →... Read more »
Anik L, Aknin LB, Norton MI, Dunn EW, & Quoidbach J. (2013) Prosocial Bonuses Increase Employee Satisfaction and Team Performance. PLOS One. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0075509
More than a century ago, scientists discovered something usual about how people with schizophrenia move their eyes. Psychologist and inventor Raymond Dodge and psychiatrist Allen Diefendorf were trying out an early incarnation of the modern eye tracker. When they used it on psychiatric patients, they found that people with schizophrenia had a funny way of following a moving object with their eyes.... Read more »
Benson PJ, Beedie SA, Shephard E, Giegling I, Rujescu D, & St Clair D. (2012) Simple viewing tests can detect eye movement abnormalities that distinguish schizophrenia cases from controls with exceptional accuracy. Biological psychiatry, 72(9), 716-24. PMID: 22621999
Ugh, Monday morning really kicked my butt. Even my strong coffee failed to wake me up completely. Of course, I drag-ass most mornings, being almost useless before 10 a.m. On the flip side, I have always been wonderfully alert and productive after 7 p.m. A night owl I am, and this seems like a good topic for discussion. What determines your circadian rhythms and what does that mean for your personality?A circadian rhythm is an endogenous, near 24 hour cycle in the process of living organisms (pl........ Read more »
Sofia I. H. Godinho, et al. (2007) The After-Hours Mutant Reveals a Role for Fbxl3 in Determining Mammalian Circadian Period. Science, 316(5826), 897-900. DOI: 10.1126/science.1141138
Richard D. Roberts, & Patrick C. Kyllonen. (1999) Morningness±eveningness and intelligence: early to bed, early to rise will likely make you anything but wise!. Personality and Individual Differences, 1123-1133. DOI: 10.1016/S0191-8869(99)00054-9
Peter K. Jonason, Amy Jones, & Minna Lyons. (2013) Creatures of the night: Chronotypes and the Dark Triad traits. Personality and Individual Differences, 538-541. DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2013.05.001
The media is filled with stories about traumatized children and adolescents, such as the school shootings at Sandy Hook and Columbine. However, a range of more common traumatic events, such as accidents and caregiver maltreatment, receive less attention. ... Read more »
McLaughlin, Koenen, Hill, Petukhova, Sampson, Zaslavsky, & Kessler. (2013) Trauma Exposure and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in a National Sample of Adolescents. Journal of the American Academy of Child , 815. DOI: 10.1016/j.jaac.2013.05.011
We’ve written twice before about wide-faced men, but we have something new! This time, it isn’t just those wide-faced men who are going to lie, cheat and be prejudiced. They are also going to make you behave selfishly just by interacting with them. Your selfish behavior is going to make others behave selfishly and the […]
“Wide-faced men are going to lie and cheat”
Wide-faced men are not just liars and cheaters, they’re prejudiced too!
I can tell from your face th........ Read more »
Haselhuhn MP, Wong EM, & Ormiston ME. (2013) Self-Fulfilling Prophecies as a Link between Men's Facial Width-to-Height Ratio and Behavior. PloS one, 8(8). PMID: 24015226
Ad-man James Vicary generated excitement and discomfort in equal measure back in the 50s when he boasted about the success of his "subliminal adverts". Presenting the words "Drink Coke" or "Eat Popcorn" on-screen, mid-movie, too fast to be consciously detected, had the effect of increasing the purchase of refreshments by cinema-goers, or so he claimed.
It turns out this was a hoax, but more recent research has confirmed that people can be influenced by subliminal messages. From the ........ Read more »
Thijs Verwijmeren, Johan C. Karremans, Stefan F. Bernritter, Wolfgang Stroebe, & Daniël H.J. Wigboldus. (2013) Warning: You are being primed! The effect of a warning on the impact of subliminal ads. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. DOI: 10.1016/j.jesp.2013.06.010
Lately, I took time out to read through a few papers I’d put on the backburner until after my first year review was completed. Now that’s out of the way, I found myself looking through Berwick et al.‘s review on Evolution, brain, and the nature of language. Much of it is written in strongly worded language and read more...... Read more »
An athlete’s perceived level of conflict with a coach is related to his/her risk of developing an eating psychopathology.
... Read more »
Shanmugam V, Jowett S, & Meyer C. (2013) Interpersonal difficulties as a risk factor for athletes' eating psychopathology. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine . PMID: 23992547
Chemicals in a flowers odor cause drug effects in the brain and body, this has evolved into what it is today.... Read more »
Lee SH, Jun M, Choi JY, Yang EJ, Hur JM, Bae K, Seong YH, Huh TL, & Song KS. (2007) Plant phenolics as prolyl endopeptidase inhibitors. Archives of pharmacal research, 30(7), 827-33. PMID: 17703733
Orhan IE. (2012) Current concepts on selected plant secondary metabolites with promising inhibitory effects against enzymes linked to Alzheimer's disease. Current medicinal chemistry, 19(14), 2252-61. PMID: 22414107
Böszörményi A, Héthelyi E, Farkas A, Horváth G, Papp N, Lemberkovics E, & Szoke E. (2009) Chemical and genetic relationships among sage ( Salvia officinalis L.) cultivars and Judean sage ( Salvia judaica Boiss.). Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 57(11), 4663-7. PMID: 19449812
Researchers have found that anxiety increases the disapproval of the smells that are usually neutral.
Journal of Neuroscience
In the present study, researchers worked with volunteers and showed them a series of disturbing pictures and texts to induce a level of anxiety. They then exposed the volunteers to a variety of neutral smells and asked them to rate them. Volunteers reported increased negative feelings towards such smells.
Research........ Read more »
Krusemark EA, Novak LR, Gitelman DR, & Li W. (2013) When the sense of smell meets emotion: anxiety-state-dependent olfactory processing and neural circuitry adaptation. The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 33(39), 15324-32. PMID: 24068799
Do you write about peer-reviewed research in your blog? Use ResearchBlogging.org to make it easy for your readers — and others from around the world — to find your serious posts about academic research.
If you don't have a blog, you can still use our site to learn about fascinating developments in cutting-edge research from around the world.
Research Blogging is powered by SMG Technology.
To learn more, visit seedmediagroup.com.