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  • May 17, 2014
  • 03:29 AM

Nearly 13% of children with a DSM-IV diagnosis?

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

I had tweeted about the paper by Sandra Petresco and colleagues [1] (open-access here) a while back as being the source of the sentence: "Nearly 13 % of the children presented a psychiatric diagnosis according to DSM-IV" based on their analysis of the Pelotas Birth Cohort [2] in Brazil.Aleijadinho: Angel of the Passion @ Wikipedia The crux of the Petresco paper was that by looking at all the children, or at least the majority of children, born during 2004 in the city of Pelot........ Read more »

Petresco S, Anselmi L, Santos IS, Barros AJ, Fleitlich-Bilyk B, Barros FC, & Matijasevich A. (2014) Prevalence and comorbidity of psychiatric disorders among 6-year-old children: 2004 Pelotas Birth Cohort. Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology. PMID: 24488152  

  • May 16, 2014
  • 02:25 PM

MORE Science Fact and Fiction Behind Fat Loss

by Gabriel in Lunatic Laboratories

I was shocked by the huge response to my first post on the science behind weight loss, so much so that I wanted to do a second post in the series […]... Read more »

Hana Kahleova, Lenka Belinova, Hana Malinska, Olena Oliyarnyk,, Jaroslava Trnovska, Vojtech Skop, Ludmila Kazdova, Monika Dezortova,, & Milan Hajek, Andrea Tura, Martin Hill, Terezie Pelikanova. (2014) Eating two larger meals a day (breakfast and lunch) is more effective than six smaller meals in a reduced-energy regimen for patients with type 2 diabetes: a randomised crossover study. Diabetologia. info:/10.1007/s00125-014-3253-5

Lombardo, M., Bellia, A., Padua, E., Annino, G., Guglielmi, V., D’Adamo, M., Iellamo, F., & Sbraccia, P. (2014) Morning Meal More Efficient for Fat Loss in a 3-Month Lifestyle Intervention. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 1-8. DOI: 10.1080/07315724.2013.863169  

Andersson DP, Eriksson Hogling D, Thorell A, Toft E, Qvisth V, Näslund E, Thörne A, Wirén M, Löfgren P, Hoffstedt J.... (2014) Changes in Subcutaneous Fat Cell Volume and Insulin Sensitivity After Weight Loss. Diabetes care. PMID: 24760260  

Fletcher, G., Dawes, J., & Spano, M. (2014) The Potential Dangers of Using Rapid Weight Loss Techniques. Strength and Conditioning Journal, 36(2), 45-48. DOI: 10.1519/SSC.0000000000000043  

  • May 16, 2014
  • 07:02 AM

Simple Jury Persuasion: Video evidence and screen size

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

Is bigger better (hey, hey!–we’re talking about video monitors!)? We now have definitive evidence saying it all depends on your ultimate goal. According to this research, what your jurors see in the courtroom is going to affect their decisions during deliberations. While this is hardly news, the level of detail on how video screen size […]

Related posts:
Simple Jury Persuasion: The weaker the evidence, the more precise you become
Simple Jury Persuasion: Anger + Disgust = Moral Ou........ Read more »

  • May 15, 2014
  • 09:54 PM

Magic mushrooms and the amygdala

by neurosci in Neuroscientifically Challenged

People have been eating psychedelic mushrooms since ancient times. There are indications (although they are impossible to verify) that psychedelic mushrooms played an important role in cultures like the Mayan civilizations of South America thousands of years ago. Of course, the use of "magic" mushrooms has continued into modern times. In 1958, Albert Hofmann (the discoverer of LSD) isolated psilocybin as the active hallucinogenic compound in psychedelic mushrooms.Recently,........ Read more »

  • May 15, 2014
  • 09:00 AM

What does it take to lie?

by Katharine Blackwell in Contemplating Cognition

Liar, liar, pants on fire. We are told from a young age: Lying is wrong. Lying is going to get you in trouble, even more trouble than whatever you’re lying to cover up. Pinocchio’s nose grew for a reason, boys and girls; lying does nothing for you.

Except maybe, lying is evidence of sophisticated cognitive machinery.

One of the abilities that is sometimes held up to separate humans from that other animals is theory of mind, the belief we all have that other people have minds th........ Read more »

Newton, P., Reddy, V., & Bull, R. (2000) Children's everyday deception and performance on false belief tasks. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 18(2), 297-317. info:/

  • May 15, 2014
  • 04:34 AM

Evidence for an autoimmune aetiology of epilepsy?

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

With a title like that, I was bound to post about the paper by Mei-Sing Ong and colleagues [1] and their suggestion that: "Epilepsy and autoimmune disease frequently co-occur; patients with either condition should undergo surveillance for the other".Capo di Noli @ Wikipedia United under the umbrella that is autism spectrum comorbidity (even possible phenotypes), I've talked quite a bit on this blog about epilepsy / seizure disorders (see here) and autoimmune conditions (........ Read more »

  • May 15, 2014
  • 04:00 AM

'I’ll have what she’s having' – Developing the Faking Orgasm Scale for Women

by Christian Jarrett in BPS Research Digest

Over 65 per cent of women are believed to have done it at least once in their lives. Magazines, TV shows and self-help books all talk about it. It features in one of the most memorable movie scenes ever.  What am I talking about? Faking orgasm, of course.I’ve done it. I wonder if you have too?Let’s distract ourselves from this potentially awkward moment with a study by Cooper and colleagues, who have created the Faking Orgasm Scale.When I saw this paper I bristled at the thought of yet ........ Read more »

Cooper EB, Fenigstein A, & Fauber RL. (2014) The faking orgasm scale for women: psychometric properties. Archives of sexual behavior, 43(3), 423-35. PMID: 24346866  

  • May 14, 2014
  • 02:42 PM

Science Fact and Fiction behind Fat Loss

by Gabriel in Lunatic Laboratories

Do you have some of that unwanted belly fat? Do you get nervous that you will exceed the weight limit in an elevator? Do you want to eat everything in […]... Read more »

Bahadori Babak, McCarty Mark F., Barroso-Aranda Jorge, Gustin John C., & Contreras Francisco. (2009) A “mini-fast with exercise” protocol for fat loss. Medical Hypotheses, 73(4), 619-622. DOI: 10.1016/j.mehy.2008.09.063  

Aleixandre Amaya, & Miguel Marta. (2008) Dietary Fiber in the Prevention and Treatment of Metabolic Syndrome: A Review. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 48(10), 905-912. DOI: 10.1080/10408390701761886  

Foltran F., Verduci E., Ghidina M., Campoy C., Jany K.-D., Widhalm K., Biasucci G., Vogele C., Halpern G., & Gregori D. (2010) Nutritional Profiles in a Public Health Perspective: A Critical Review. Journal of International Medical Research, 38(2), 318-385. DOI: 10.1177/147323001003800202  

  • May 14, 2014
  • 09:57 AM

Accents Can Carry Over When You Switch Between Languages

by amikulak in Daily Observations

Switching back and forth between two different languages presents a cognitive challenge that can trip up even the most fluent bilingual speakers. Researcher Matthew Goldrick of Northwestern University and colleagues […]... Read more »

Goldrick, M., Runnqvist, E., & Costa, A. (2014) Language Switching Makes Pronunciation Less Nativelike. Psychological Science, 25(4), 1031-1036. DOI: 10.1177/0956797613520014  

  • May 14, 2014
  • 08:30 AM

Guinea Pigs and Domestication

by CAPB in Companion Animal Psychology Blog

Domestication changes animals in many ways. We still don’t fully understand how – or when, or where – the dog was domesticated. But it turns out the guinea pig is the guinea pig of domestication research as scientists compare guinea pigs to their wild cousins, cavies.Photo: Ase / ShutterstockA new paper by Benjamin Zipser et al (University of Münster, Germany) compares adolescent guinea pigs and wild cavies. Previous research has found differences between adult guinea pigs and cavies in t........ Read more »

  • May 14, 2014
  • 07:02 AM

Teary testimony from children is more credible

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

Here’s one that just makes intuitive sense. When children are testifying in court, teary testimony is thought to be more credible than stoic and controlled testimony from child victims of non-sexual crimes. At least so say aspiring lawyers in Sweden. Researchers developed four (5 minute long) videos using two child actors (one boy and one […]

Related posts:
Eyewitness testimony: It’s how you talk and who I think you are
The more feminine you appear, the more children you will want
W........ Read more »

Landström, S., Ask, K., Sommar, C., & Willén, R. (2013) Children's testimony and the emotional victim effect. Legal and Criminological Psychology. DOI: 10.1111/lcrp.12036  

  • May 14, 2014
  • 04:00 AM

‘We innovate now’: sexual lives following lower limb amputation

by Christian Jarrett in BPS Research Digest

If your partner’s undergoing a lower limb amputation (LLA) it is likely sex would be the last thing on your mind. You would, however, be preoccupied with the recovery and wellbeing of your partner or spouse. These are amongst the findings of a recent qualitative study by Verschuren and colleagues of 16 partners of people undergoing LLA.The study, carried out in the Netherlands, asked respondents to reflect on their intimate lives pre- and post-LLA. Respondents noted they still w........ Read more »

  • May 14, 2014
  • 12:14 AM

Facebook as a conduit for misinformation and racism: The role of shallow information processing

by Scott McGreal in Eye on Psych

There seems to be a trend today to regard having a Facebook account as a quick and dirty indicator of normal social adjustment. However, research suggests that Facebook is associated with a culture of shallow information processing that might facilitate uncritical acceptance of problematic social attitudes, such as racism. ... Read more »

Rauch, S. M., & Schanz, K. (2013) Advancing racism with Facebook: Frequency and purpose of Facebook use and the acceptance of prejudiced and egalitarian messages. Computers in Human Behavior, 29(3), 610-615. info:/

  • May 13, 2014
  • 02:00 PM

Climate Talks and Game Theory: A better Approach

by Gabriel in Lunatic Laboratories

Climate change talks, it’s like yelling at a wall and hoping it becomes a window. For over two decades, members of the United Nations have tried to forge an agreement […]... Read more »

  • May 13, 2014
  • 03:32 AM

Gluten sensitivity and psychiatry reviewed

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

It's Coeliac Awareness Week here in the UK (see here) from 12-18 May 2014. With the rate of coeliac (celiac) disease going up according to the BBC website I thought it pertinent to talk today about something relevant to these issues.So...The review article by Genuis and Lobo [1] (open-access here) is the source material for today's short and quite descriptive post and their focus on how the protein gluten may be doing so much more than that currently recognised with the autoimmune condition........ Read more »

Genuis SJ, & Lobo RA. (2014) Gluten Sensitivity Presenting as a Neuropsychiatric Disorder. Gastroenterology research and practice, 293206. PMID: 24693281  

  • May 12, 2014
  • 01:14 PM

Awake: The disturbed Brain

by Teodora Stoica in CuriousCortex

How did you feel when you woke up today? Did you get up slowly, felt refreshed and had enough time to eat breakfast and plan your day? Or did you throw your alarm against the wall, curse at everything in your path until you felt alive enough to make a cup of coffee? If you are like the 1 in 5 Americans that get less than 6 hours of sleep, you might have trouble remembering simple things, be ill-prepared to deal with everyday stressors and be on edge - leading to unnecessary arguments with friend........ Read more »

Deliens, G., Gilson, M., & Peigneux, P. (2014) Sleep and the processing of emotions. Experimental Brain Research, 232(5), 1403-1414. DOI: 10.1007/s00221-014-3832-1  

  • May 12, 2014
  • 07:02 AM

I’ll show you who’s boss: The Spitefulness Scale

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

We’ve been down this road before and brought you the Depravity Scale, the Comprehensive Assessment of Sadistic Tendencies Scale, the Guilt and Shame Proneness Scale and the Islamophobia Scale. Now however, it’s time for a check on how spiteful you are. We all know spite when we see it. Dawdling in their parking space because […]

Related posts:
The CAST Scale: A comprehensive assessment of sadistic tendencies
The Islamophobia Scale: Measuring our fear of Muslims
The GASP scal........ Read more »

Marcus DK, Zeigler-Hill V, Mercer SH, & Norris AL. (2014) The Psychology of Spite and the Measurement of Spitefulness. Psychological Assessment. PMID: 24548150  

  • May 12, 2014
  • 04:00 AM

Shame, stigma and mother-blaming following miscarriage

by Christian Jarrett in BPS Research Digest

Imagine having a miscarriage and keeping it secret because you’d get the blame for your pregnancy loss? We might believe that only happened in the past, but it is a situation faced by countless women every day. And, like miscarriage itself, it remains taboo to talk about.Miscarriage is a common event. Around 1:4 pregnancies end in this way. Yet worldwide we remain poor at supporting women and their partners during and after miscarriage. This can be particularly acute in communities where acces........ Read more »

  • May 12, 2014
  • 12:59 AM

The Seductive Allure of Spintronics™ Neuroimaging mock mind reading scanner

by The Neurocritic in The Neurocritic

Spintronics™ Neuroimaging mock scanner used in experiment by Ali, Lifshitz & Raz (2014)A new study has tricked undergraduates into believing that “Spintronics,” a whimsical new “mind reading” technology constructed using an old hair dryer, was able to accurately read their thoughts  (Ali et al., 2014). This held even for students enrolled in a class on the pros and cons of neuroimaging methods taught by the senior author (McGill Professor Amir Raz). The paper coined the phrase........ Read more »

Sabrina Ali, Michael Lifshitz, and Amir Raz. (2014) Empirical Neuroenchantment: From Reading Minds to Thinking Critically. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. info:/10.3389/fnhum.2014.00357

  • May 12, 2014
  • 12:09 AM

Why Every Racist Mentions Their Black Friend

by Eric Horowitz in peer-reviewed by my neurons

When something is thoroughly covered by both the New Republic and Urban Dictionary it has clearly reached a point of sufficient social saturation. So there’s no need to go into great detail about the trope of the accused racist who cites minority friends as proof that they don’t have a single racist bone in their body. […]... Read more »

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