People that just lost a loved one or got fired don't loose their general feeling of happiness forever. Scientists have proven that major life events usually influence your well-being for no longer than three months.... Read more »
Suh E, Diener E, & Fujita F. (1996) Events and subjective well-being: only recent events matter. Journal of personality and social psychology, 70(5), 1091-102. PMID: 8656337
“Youth in criminal courts receive more severe sentences than their counterparts in juvenile courts and serve longer sentences than their adult counterparts tried in criminal courts.” The researchers writing this article believe they are the first to examine pre-existing stereotypes of the juvenile offender and how they relate to punishment decisions by jurors. The researchers […]
Angry, fearful, gun-owning white men for Zimmerman?
Expert witness influence: Interrogation........ Read more »
Haegerich, TM, Salerno, JM, & Bottoms, BL. (2013) Are the effects of juvenile offender stereotypes maximized or minimized by jury deliberation?. Psychology, Public Policy and Law, 19(1), 81-97. DOI: 10.1037/a0027808
I'm a little bit slow in arriving at the paper by Gyri Veiby and colleagues* reporting a connection between maternal antiepileptic use and issues with offspring development (see here also for some news content). It's not that I don't find this particular topic to be absolutely fascinating - I most certainly do - but rather that other commitments, deadlines and interests keep getting in the way. Don't you sometimes wish you could be Multiple Man?My first photo... @ Wikipedia Anyhow, for........ Read more »
Veiby G, Daltveit AK, Schjølberg S, Stoltenberg C, Oyen AS, Vollset SE, Engelsen BA, & Gilhus NE. (2013) Exposure to antiepileptic drugs in utero and child development: A prospective population-based study. Epilepsia, 54(8), 1462-72. PMID: 23865818
If you were forced to sacrifice one of your five senses, which would it be? Most people wouldn't consider losing their vision or hearing. It would be really dangerous to completely lose your sense of touch, so that won't be an option in our hypothetical scenario. So we're left with the chemical senses of smell and taste. I think most of us would choose one of these two.But what about someone who can't smell? How can they miss something they've never known?“If I had to lose one of my sens........ Read more »
Karstensen HG, & Tommerup N. (2012) Isolated and syndromic forms of congenital anosmia. Clinical genetics, 81(3), 210-5. PMID: 21895637
Keller A, & Malaspina D. (2013) Hidden consequences of olfactory dysfunction: a patient report series. BMC ear, nose, and throat disorders, 13(1), 8. PMID: 23875929
Over the past few months, this blog has been cited twice in peer-reviewed journals: here in a discussion about publication bias in industrial psychology, and again in a paper about publication bias in studies about breakfast. To cap it off, one of my tweets got quoted in this interesting-looking article about evolutionary psychology: We need [...]The post Neuroskeptic Citations appeared first on Neuroskeptic.... Read more »
Maarten Derksen, & Eric F. Rietzschel. (2013) Surveillance Is Not the Answer, and Replication Is Not a Test:. Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 6(3), 295-298. DOI: 10.1111/iops.12053
Brown AW, Bohan Brown MM, & Allison DB. (2013) Belief beyond the evidence: using the proposed effect of breakfast on obesity to show 2 practices that distort scientific evidence. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. PMID: 24004890
Graduate School: The Playground of the Mind
If you've come to the internet more than once, then you know that blogs often discuss the difficulties of coming out of graduate school with a tenure track faculty appointment in psychology or other fields (here and here). For those of you out there considering a research career at a major university--keep in mind that it's not for everyone. PYM has also tried its hand at one or two lists of traits needed to succeed in graduate school. These........ Read more »
Su, Rong; Rounds, James; Armstrong, Patrick Ian. (2009) Men and things, women and people: A meta-analysis of sex differences in interests. Psychological Bulletin, 859-884. DOI: 10.1037/a0017364
Van Iddekinge, Chad H.; Putka, Dan J.; Campbell, John P. (2011) Reconsidering vocational interests for personnel selection: The validity of an interest-based selection test in relation to job knowledge, job performance, and continuance intentions. Journal of Applied Psychology. DOI: 10.1037/a0021193
Would you rather be imprisoned for decades for a crime you didn't commit, permanently lose the usage in both of your legs, be severely burnt on your entire body, or win the lottery? If this question seems silly to you, it's time to learn about happiness.
Why is it that some people who live through horrible ordeals end up happy, while others remain psychologically tortured and emotionally broken? This article is not about a list of things that increase happiness, but about the single........ Read more »
Brickman P, Coates D, & Janoff-Bulman R. (1978) Lottery winners and accident victims: is happiness relative?. Journal of personality and social psychology, 36(8), 917-27. PMID: 690806
by Andrea in Science of Eating Disorders
Over the years, I have read a number of articles describing eating disorder prevention programs. Unfortunately, many reveal limited efficacy, and some even highlight detrimental effects. Primary among concerns of those evaluating prevention programs is that even when effective, we often have limited data about the long-term effects of prevention programs. This lack of follow-up limits the ability to draw conclusions about these initiatives and is cause for pause for those interested in imp........ Read more »
González, M.L.,, Mora, M., Penelo, E., Goddard, E., Treasure, J., & Raich, R.M. (2012) Qualitative findings in a long-term disordered eating prevention programme follow-up with school-going girls. Journal of Health Psychology, 19(4), 587-598. DOI: 10.1177/1359105312437433
It looks like a storm is brewing.I refer to the commentary by Emily Underwood* titled: Alarm over autism test. The centre of the argument is the commercialisation of all that work coming out of the MIND Institute looking at maternal antibody reactivity to specific fetal brain proteins being fairly exclusively reported in mothers of children with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD). I've talked about this work a few times on this blog (see here and here); the important post seems to be the one on M........ Read more »
Rossi CC, Fuentes J, Van de Water J, & Amaral DG. (2013) Brief Report: Antibodies Reacting to Brain Tissue in Basque Spanish Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Their Mothers. Journal of autism and developmental disorders. PMID: 24022729
Being attracted to one gender only is só last century. That’s at least the idea you get when reading Elizabeth Morgans just published review of various international studies on the sexual orientation of youth and emerging adults. It seems that many youngsters are not easily placed in a box of perfectly corresponding sexual orientation, identity, fantasy and experience. New generations are instead getting increasingly sexually flexible.... Read more »
Elizabeth M. Morgan. (2013) Contemporary Issues in Sexual Orientation and Identity Development in Emerging Adulthood. Emerging Adulthood. DOI: 10.1177/2167696812469187
Status: a formal feature of many workplaces, an informal part of every workplace. We form pecking orders that influence who calls the shots, who gets heard, and who gets applauded or rewarded. Essentially a matter of perception, status can be influenced by rank, demographic, background, as well as race, gender, and age. A new article suggests that status is also influenced by style of behaviour when we join a group, and that these behaviours can be activated by a simple change in mindset. Resear........ Read more »
Kilduff GJ, & Galinsky AD. (2013) From the Ephemeral to the Enduring: How Approach-Oriented Mindsets Lead to Greater Status. Journal of personality and social psychology. PMID: 23895266
by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room
“When you are representing a client in court, don’t wear bright red lipstick. Don’t wear colorful clothes. Don’t try to be fashionable. Don’t wear too much makeup. Don’t wear colorful nail polish–actually, don’t even wear nail polish. Judges don’t like it.” This was the advice Peggy Li received from a female attorney during her first […]
“It was ‘a man’s work’ and I just didn’t like working with those inc........ Read more »
Li, Peggy. (2013) Physical attractiveness and femininity: Helpful or hurtful for female attorneys?. Social Sciences Research Network (SSRN). info:/
Let's talk about Aristotle for a minute.School of Athens Aristotle is the one in blue.Many people mis-attribute this quote to him:"We are what we repeatedly do. Excellence therefore is not an act, but a habit." -Will DurantBut really this quote is from someone summarizing Aristotle. It's a great summary and it seems to say what Aristotle means, just more concisely. Aristotle does say:"For these reasons the virtues are not capacities either; for we are neither called good nor called bad, nor are ........ Read more »
To mention 'food and autism' in the same sentence can conjure up images of quite a few associations made in the peer-reviewed research literature over the years. You have for example, the growing body of work talking about how certain dietary interventions might be useful for some people on the autism spectrum (see here) and all the accompanying science on potentially why which seems to follow (see here).Your differential analyser or mine? @ Wikipedia In another vein, issues with food ........ Read more »
Baron-Cohen S, Jaffa T, Davies S, Auyeung B, Allison C, & Wheelwright S. (2013) Do girls with anorexia nervosa have elevated autistic traits?. Molecular autism, 4(1), 24. PMID: 23915495
Restricting, bingeing, and purging are powerful ways to regulate emotional states. However, these behaviours probably play different roles in emotional regulation. Whereas restriction is hypothesized to pre-empt the onset of highly emotional states, bingeing and purging is thought to act as a coping mechanism to deal with overwhelming emotional states once they’ve already been activated.
If this is true, we would expect to see more variability (or fluctuation) in the intensity and ........ Read more »
Vansteelandt K, Probst M, & Pieters G. (2013) Assessing affective variability in eating disorders: Affect spins less in anorexia nervosa of the restrictive type. Eating Behaviors, 14(3), 263-8. PMID: 23910763
We all know dogs’ noses are amazing. From careful attention to the pee-points on their walk, to working as drug or explosive detection dogs, it’s clear dogs have an excellent sense of smell. So it’s surprising that most studies of olfaction are about specially trained dogs, and less attention has been paid to the average pet dog. A paper in press in the journal Learning and Motivation, by Alexandra Horowitz, Julie Hecht and Alexandra Dedrick, sets out to change all that by asking, can........ Read more »
Horowitz, A., Hecht, J., & Dedrick, A. (2013) Smelling more or less: Investigating the olfactory experience of the domestic dog. Learning and Motivation. info:/
Prato-Previde E, Marshall-Pescini S, & Valsecchi P. (2008) Is your choice my choice? The owners' effect on pet dogs' (Canis lupus familiaris) performance in a food choice task. Animal cognition, 11(1), 167-74. PMID: 17641921
The study at the heart of today’s post is unusually intriguing. It’s all about train riding, and how increases in negative mood of all passengers occurred as “the percentage of ethnic out-group members aboard their train increased”. We’ve written before about how gender can result in group tensions when group members (male and female) don’t […]
“It was ‘a man’s work’ and I just didn’t like working with those incompetent women….”
Larger groups m........ Read more »
Burrow AL, & Hill PL. (2013) Derailed by Diversity? Purpose Buffers the Relationship Between Ethnic Composition on Trains and Passenger Negative Mood. Personality . PMID: 23982151
Many children and teenagers see themselves as immune to the risk of accidents and injury.
Now, new research suggests that pointing out the positive aspects of avoiding risky behaviour may be a more effective way to modify young people’s behaviour than repeated warnings about all the bad things that could happen.
The study, conducted by researchers from University College London and published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences today, involved a study of 52 ........ Read more »
Christina Moutsiana et al. (2013) Human development of the ability to learn from bad news. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. info:/
It is nice to get people to do stuff you like. And luckily, just by hanging out with the people around you, you probably already found a lot of ways to accomplish this.... Read more »
Robert B. Cialdini, Wilhelmina Wosinska, Daniel W. Barrett, Jonathan Butner, Malgorzata Gornik-Durose. (1999) Compliance with a request in two cultures: The differential influence of social proof and commitment/consistency on collectivists and individualists. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. DOI: 10.1177/0146167299258006
It’s Sunday afternoon and you and a friend are strolling down the boulevard, peeking into various store windows in the hope of finding a breathtaking fall outfit. Suddenly, staring back at you from the Ambercrombie window is a stunning sweater vest. It’s exactly what your friend needs for his online dating site photo. But when […]... Read more »
Cramwinckel, F.M., van Dijk, E., Scheepers, D., & van den Bos, K. (2013) The threat of moral refusers for one's self-concept and the protective function of physical cleansing. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. DOI: 10.1016/j.jesp.2013.07.009
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