The actor and musician Steven Seagal is probably not natural fodder for this blog about autism research but he does nevertheless make an appearance today. More readily known for his action films - my favourite was always 'Under Siege' - one of the appeals of Mr Seagal was his knowledge and use of martial arts in his various roles, as a function of his quite impressive real-life black belt in Aikido.Obi Wan... no Obi knot @ Wikipedia It is with martial arts in mind that today I'm talkin........ Read more »
Movahedi, A., Bahrami, F., Marandi, S., & Abedi, A. (2013) Improvement in social dysfunction of children with autism spectrum disorder following long term Kata techniques training. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 7(9), 1054-1061. DOI: 10.1016/j.rasd.2013.04.012
Philo Farnsworth, if the name sounds vaguely familiar than you might just be a Futurama watcher. If you don't watch and know who I'm talking about or even better are a fan then, "YAY!" and for those of you who don't know, don't sweat it you're not alone. One of the forgotten greats, Farnsworth should be a household name, namely because one of his biggest inventions is in practically every home.... Read more »
The associated press. (2006) Elma Gardner Farnsworth, 98, Who Helped Husband Develop TV, Dies. The New York Times. info:/http://www.nytimes.com/2006/05/03/arts/television/03farnsworth.html?_r
Edwin Cartlidge. (2007) The Secrete way of Amateur Fusion. Physics World. info:/http://physicsworldarchive.iop.org/index.cfm?action
HarperCollins. (2005) The Last Lone Inventor: A Tale of Genius, Deceit, and the Birth of Television E. I. Schwartz (New York: HarperCollins-Perennial, 2002) 323 pages. Reviewed by A. L. Johnson. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 52(3), 404-405. DOI: 10.1109/TEM.2005.851523
A fairly brief post today to draw your attention to the "systematic review and meta-analysis" paper by Masi and colleagues  on all-things cytokine in relation to autism. They concluded that there was "strengthening evidence of an abnormal cytokine profile in ASD [autism spectrum disorder] where inflammatory signals dominate". I should point out that other authors have reached similar conclusions in previous reviews  and here also ."The herring does not fry here" @ Wikiped........ Read more »
Masi, A., Quintana, D., Glozier, N., Lloyd, A., Hickie, I., & Guastella, A. (2014) Cytokine aberrations in autism spectrum disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Molecular Psychiatry. DOI: 10.1038/mp.2014.59
Today, the knowledge that neurons communicate with one another using chemicals known as neurotransmitters is a foundational part of our understanding of brain function. We use our awareness of neurochemical transmission to design drugs, investigate the causes of disease, and improve our comprehension of behavior (e.g. through experimental methods like microdialysis). In the first half of the twentieth century, however, the means by which neurons........ Read more »
Things are heating up. It’s no secret that the mercury is rising and we are to blame. Sure, there is a lot of uncertainty, for example how long we have […]... Read more »
Zohner, C., & Renner, S. (2014) Common garden comparison of the leaf-out phenology of woody species from different native climates, combined with herbarium records, forecasts long-term change. Ecology Letters. DOI: 10.1111/ele.12308
Haters gonna hate, unless you’ve been hiding under a rock since the internet has been born you’ve probably heard this phrase. Well now there is a new study that shows […]... Read more »
Hepler J, & Albarracín D. (2013) Attitudes without objects: evidence for a dispositional attitude, its measurement, and its consequences. Journal of personality and social psychology, 104(6), 1060-76. PMID: 23586409
I have to say that I wasn't all that surprised when I read the conclusions to the study by Eva Kočovská and colleagues  (open-access here) talking about significantly lower levels of 25-Hydroxyvitamin D3 (25(OH)D3) levels detected in their small cohort of young adults diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) compared with various control populations.A deficiency or insufficiency of vitamin D - the sunshine vitamin/hormone - in relation to quite a few cases of autism is somethin........ Read more »
Kočovská E, Andorsdóttir G, Weihe P, Halling J, Fernell E, Stóra T, Biskupstø R, Gillberg IC, Shea R, Billstedt E.... (2014) Vitamin D in the General Population of Young Adults with Autism in the Faroe Islands. Journal of autism and developmental disorders. PMID: 24927807
In those who are addicted to drugs (or any other substance or behavior), the desire to re-experience the intoxicating effects they initially felt when they used the drug can be overwhelming. It can lead to compulsive drug-seeking, obsessive thinking, and irrational behavior. In addition to these new thought patterns and behaviors, however, addiction is also is associated with a diminished ability to experience pleasure from non-drug rewards. This reduced pleasure is termed........ Read more »
Wilson, S., Delgado, M., McKee, S., Grigson, P., MacLean, R., Nichols, T., & Henry, S. (2014) Weak ventral striatal responses to monetary outcomes predict an unwillingness to resist cigarette smoking. Cognitive, Affective, . DOI: 10.3758/s13415-014-0285-8
Black box warnings, I’m all too familiar with them. A quick look in the medicine cabinet and you would see why. In fact I’m surprised the door shuts some days. […]... Read more »
Lu, C., Zhang, F., Lakoma, M., Madden, J., Rusinak, D., Penfold, R., Simon, G., Ahmedani, B., Clarke, G., Hunkeler, E.... (2014) Changes in antidepressant use by young people and suicidal behavior after FDA warnings and media coverage: quasi-experimental study. BMJ, 348(jun18 24). DOI: 10.1136/bmj.g3596
by amikulak in Daily Observations
When we think of aggression, we might think of road rage or a bar fight, situations in which people are violent toward strangers. But research suggests that aggression is actually […]... Read more »
by Pranita Sohony in Workout Trends
It is 8.30 in the morning. I have 12 Unread Mails, 5 files on my desk, 3 meetings to attend, 1 cheese wrap in my hand, and ‘Zero’ attention to what I am eating! How familiar is this story? Isn’t that your story at office every morning? Do you even remember what you had for […]
The post Can Mindfulness Help You Shed Pounds? appeared first on .
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Dalen J, Smith BW, Shelley BM, Sloan AL, Leahigh L, & Begay D. (2010) Pilot study: Mindful Eating and Living (MEAL): weight, eating behavior, and psychological outcomes associated with a mindfulness-based intervention for people with obesity. Complementary therapies in medicine, 18(6), 260-4. PMID: 21130363
Framson, C., Kristal, A., Schenk, J., Littman, A., Zeliadt, S., & Benitez, D. (2009) Development and Validation of the Mindful Eating Questionnaire. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 109(8), 1439-1444. DOI: 10.1016/j.jada.2009.05.006
Miller, C., Kristeller, J., Headings, A., Nagaraja, H., & Miser, W. (2012) Comparative Effectiveness of a Mindful Eating Intervention to a Diabetes Self-Management Intervention among Adults with Type 2 Diabetes: A Pilot Study. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 112(11), 1835-1842. DOI: 10.1016/j.jand.2012.07.036
Kristeller, J., & Wolever, R. (2010) Mindfulness-Based Eating Awareness Training for Treating Binge Eating Disorder: The Conceptual Foundation. Eating Disorders, 19(1), 49-61. DOI: 10.1080/10640266.2011.533605
The headline: 'Century-old drug reverses signs of autism in mice' brought the paper by Jane Naviaux and colleagues  (open-access) to my attention and some slightly familiar work (see here) on the use of suramin in a mouse model of autism, or rather a mouse model of maternal immune activation. Indeed, I seem to remember that the previous study by this group  courted similar publicity, with some familiar headlines...Not lecturing... @ Wikipedia The latest offering from Naviaux et a........ Read more »
Naviaux JC, Schuchbauer MA, Li K, Wang L, Risbrough VB, Powell SB, & Naviaux RK. (2014) Reversal of autism-like behaviors and metabolism in adult mice with single-dose antipurinergic therapy. Translational psychiatry. PMID: 24937094
Some memories we aim to remember, others just show up. One proposal is that uninvited memories, such as those that intrude in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), are encoded and stored in a distinct memory system. But a new neuroimaging study led by Shana Hall suggests that similar brain areas are involved whether our memories come spontaneously or by intent.During a functional imaging brain scan, 26 participants made perceptual judgments about a sequence of 100 sounds piped into headphones. ........ Read more »
by Shyamali Sharma in Workout Trends
A spoiled weekend… My friend asked me to come over to her place last weekend and texted me, “ I am all alone and bored to death, please come over!” It was already half past eight in the evening but I decided to go. On my way to her place, my idea of chilling was […]
The post Join The Thrill, Lift The FIFA World Cup Together ! appeared first on .
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Philo, G., Secker, J., Platt, S., Henderson, L., McLaughlin, G., & Burnside, J. (1994) The impact of the mass media on public images of mental illness: media content and audience belief. Health Education Journal, 53(3), 271-281. DOI: 10.1177/001789699405300305
Holmes, S., Krantz, D., Rogers, H., Gottdiener, J., & Contrada, R. (2006) Mental Stress and Coronary Artery Disease: A Multidisciplinary Guide. Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases, 49(2), 106-122. DOI: 10.1016/j.pcad.2006.08.013
We're oblivious to a lot of what passes in front of our eyes. The classic example is people's failure to notice a woman walk through a scene in a gorilla suit. In that study, observers were busy counting basketball passes between players so the gorilla was irrelevant to what they were doing.In a new paper, Ira Hyman and his colleagues say they've extended this phenomenon of "inattentional blindness" by showing that people are frequently blind even to objects that are relevant to what they're doi........ Read more »
Hyman, I., Sarb, B., & Wise-Swanson, B. (2014) Failure to see money on a tree: inattentional blindness for objects that guided behavior. Frontiers in Psychology. DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00356
A new study in Denmark by Iben Meyer and Bjørn Forkman (University of Copenhagen) investigates the influence of owner characteristics and canine personality on the relationship between dogs and their owners.Photo: Martin Valigursky / ShutterstockThe study of 421 dog owners aged 18 to 75 used data from dog personality tests taken between six months and two-and-a-half years earlier, and a questionnaire of owners that included the Monash Dog Owner Relationship Scale. The dogs were all pedigrees si........ Read more »
Meyer, I., & Forkman, B. (2014) Dog and owner characteristics affecting the dog–owner relationship. Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research. DOI: 10.1016/j.jveb.2014.03.002
I have already made mention of the paper by Robin Goin-Kochel and colleagues  in a previous post on the topic of developmental regression and autism (see here). On that occasion it was to substantiate that approximately 40% of children diagnosed as being on the autism spectrum were reported to have shown some kind of developmental regression as part and parcel of their presentation. Given however the assertion in the Goin-Kochel paper about using "the largest, most comprehensively phenotyped ........ Read more »
Goin-Kochel, R., Esler, A., Kanne, S., & Hus, V. (2014) Developmental regression among children with autism spectrum disorder: Onset, duration, and effects on functional outcomes. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 8(7), 890-898. DOI: 10.1016/j.rasd.2014.04.002
As adults, we've learned that simple text-based instructions are usually trustworthy. Imagine - if a stranger tells us to turn next left for London, but we come upon a street sign that states the opposite, most of us would probably assume the stranger had made a mistake, and we'd follow the sign.In a new paper, researchers led by Kathleen Corriveau have investigated young children's trust in instructions delivered orally, versus those originating in written text. Their finding is that as soon as........ Read more »
Corriveau, K., Einav, S., Robinson, E., & Harris, P. (2014) To the letter: Early readers trust print-based over oral instructions to guide their actions. British Journal of Developmental Psychology. DOI: 10.1111/bjdp.12046
by Namrata Diengdoh in Workout Trends
This morning I was all smiles when I reached office. I could not wait to meet my colleague. When I finally made it to my workstation, I just plopped my bag on to my chair, turned towards my colleague, hugged her and said “Thank you so much for giving me this article, it helped me […]
The post Anxiety Grew Up With Me And I Never Knew appeared first on .
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Craig, W. (1998) The relationship among bullying, victimization, depression, anxiety, and aggression in elementary school children. Personality and Individual Differences, 24(1), 123-130. DOI: 10.1016/S0191-8869(97)00145-1
Statements of the Cynical Distrust Scale include (i) I think most people would like to get ahead; (ii) no one cares much what happens to you, etc. The higher one scores, the more cynical distrust they have, and a greater chance of incident dementia. These are the results of a recent study in Finland.... Read more »
Neuvonen, E., Rusanen, M., Solomon, A., Ngandu, T., Laatikainen, T., Soininen, H., Kivipelto, M., & Tolppanen, A. (2014) Late-life cynical distrust, risk of incident dementia, and mortality in a population-based cohort. Neurology. DOI: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000000528
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