Ostracizers ignore and exclude others. Their victims have all sorts of negative reactions to this social rejection, which generally threatens the target’s sense of worth and existence. Ostracism victims’ hurt ranges from increased sadness and anger to decreased feelings of belonging, control, self-esteem, and meaningful existence.
Researchers recently explored those powerful effects of this [...]
The post Ostracism, A Stressful and Aversive Part of Everday Life appeared first on Psyc........ Read more »
Today I'm talking on the topic of cytomegalovirus infection and autism following the paper by Sakamoto and colleagues  and their conclusion on: "the involvement of congenital CMV [cytomegalovirus] infection in a portion of children with ASD [autism spectrum disorder]".Do you mind? @ Wikipedia Cytomegalovirus (CMV) belongs to a family of viruses called herpesviruses which includes chicken pox and shingles. It is a pretty common virus insofar as an estim........ Read more »
Sakamoto A, Moriuchi H, Matsuzaki J, Motoyama K, & Moriuchi M. (2014) Retrospective diagnosis of congenital cytomegalovirus infection in children with autism spectrum disorder but no other major neurologic deficit. Brain . PMID: 24768169
Beware of what you share. Employers now routinely utilize internet search engines or social network searches to obtain information about job applicants. A survey of 2,184 hiring managers and human resource professionals conducted by the online employment website CareerBuilder.com revealed that 39% use social networking sites to research job candidates. Of the group who used social networks to evaluate job applicants, 43% found content on a social networking site that caused them to not hire a ca........ Read more »
DiLillo, D., & Gale, E. (2011) To Google or not to Google: Graduate students' use of the Internet to access personal information about clients. Training and Education in Professional Psychology, 5(3), 160-166. DOI: 10.1037/a0024441
When we’re drowsy, and on the point of falling asleep, our awareness of the outside world tends to dim. But a fascinating new paper reports that, for most people, it’s the left side of the world that dims the most. The study comes from neuroscientists Corinna Bareham and colleagues from the Cognition and Brain Sciences […]The post At The Right Hand of Sleep appeared first on Neuroskeptic.... Read more »
Bareham CA, Manly T, Pustovaya OV, Scott SK, & Bekinschtein TA. (2014) Losing the left side of the world: Rightward shift in human spatial attention with sleep onset. Scientific reports, 5092. PMID: 24867667
Researchers from the University of Oxford performed a meta-review based on clinical studies of mental illness. These included mental health problems, substance and alcohol abuse, dementia, autistic spectrum disorders, learning disability and childhood behavioural disorders. They found that most of these reduce life expectancy with 7 to 24 years, whereas heavy smoking reduces life expectancy with 8 to 10 years.... Read more »
Chesney E, Goodwin GM, Fazel S. (2014) Risks of all-cause and suicide mortality in mental disorders: a meta-review. World Psychiatry . info:/
Although many within the scientific community believe that pedophilia has its origins in the brain, the neurobiological underpinnings of the disorder are still very unclear. It is hoped, however, that technologies that allow for the observation of brain activity in real-time, like positron-emission tomography (PET) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), will provide us with more information about potential abnormalities in the brains of pedophiles (for more abou........ Read more »
Ponseti, J., Granert, O., van Eimeren, T., Jansen, O., Wolff, S., Beier, K., Deuschl, G., Bosinski, H., & Siebner, H. (2014) Human face processing is tuned to sexual age preferences. Biology Letters, 10(5), 20140200-20140200. DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2014.0200
I admit, I have sometimes wondered what leads people into the career euphemistically we might euphemistically call “pest control” or more realistically declare “extermination”. I have been greatly relieved that people have chosen such career paths and are so available to handle wasp nests in my attic, and unable to fathom why anyone would opt to spend their time getting up close and personal with stinging insects, snakes, and who knows what else, even if only briefly. Des........ Read more »
Are you a part of a group at work, school, or recreationally? Well, then you’ve probably discriminated without even knowing it. A recent theoretical review of the literature concluded “ingroup favouritism is more potent than outgroup hostility” when it comes to discrimination in the … Continue reading →... Read more »
Greenwald AG, & Pettigrew TF. (2014) With Malice Toward None and Charity for Some: Ingroup Favoritism Enables Discrimination. The American psychologist. PMID: 24661244
To quote from the recent paper by Altaf Alabdali and colleagues  (open-access) "This study confirms earlier studies that implicate toxic metal accumulation as a consequence of impaired detoxification in autism and provides insight into the etiological mechanism of autism".Heavy metal noise pollution @ Wikipedia Big words I'm sure you'll agree and certainly something that I was keen to talk about on this blog. The paper itself is open-access but a few pointers might be in order:........ Read more »
Alabdali, A., Al-Ayadhi, L., & El-Ansary, A. (2014) A key role for an impaired detoxification mechanism in the etiology and severity of autism spectrum disorders. Behavioral and Brain Functions, 10(1), 14. DOI: 10.1186/1744-9081-10-14
Men like to understand and fix problems, while women like to feel the problem, and perhaps have a good cry about it. Why such a huge difference? Fortunately, a groundbreaking 2014 study out of Beijing, China uses MRI to shed light on why women would rather just talk/cry/eat about the problem than fix it. ... Read more »
Kong, F., Zhen, Z., Li, J., Huang, L., Wang, X., Song, Y., & Liu, J. (2014) Sex-Related Neuroanatomical Basis of Emotion Regulation Ability. PLoS ONE, 9(5). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0097071
A quick google for the term diet soda will show you a wide range of “health issues” related to drinking diet drinks. But thankfully a new study sheds light on the truth behind the diet soda and weight loss myth.... Read more »
Peters John C, Wyatt Holly R, Foster Gary D, Pan Zhaoxing, Wojtanowski Alexis C, Vander Veur Stephanie S, Herring Sharon J, Brill Carrie, & Hill James O. (2014) The effects of water and non-nutritive sweetened beverages on weight loss during a 12-week weight loss treatment program. Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.), 22(6), 1415-1421. PMID: 24862170
Fascinating new research investigates what the archaeological record tells us about people and cats in Anglo Saxon times. Was the human-feline relationship very different from today?Photo: aleksandr hunta / ShutterstockNew research by Kristopher Poole (University of Nottingham) investigates the role of cats in Anglo Saxon England. The period from AD 410 until the Norman invasion of 1066 was a time of great change. The Roman Empire had lost its control and many people immigrated to England, parti........ Read more »
Poole, K. (2014) The Contextual Cat: Human–Animal Relations and Social Meaning in Anglo-Saxon England. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory. DOI: 10.1007/s10816-014-9208-9
by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room
The options for online searches of potential jurors seems to be a fast-moving target. Our experience is that often there is simply no time for more than the most cursory efforts that often happen during a very short voir dire session itself. In other cases, if there is time to conduct such research, sometimes the […]
Facebook Graph Searches: What Can You Discover?
An update on online research of potential jurors
Jury Selection: Art? Science? Or just a ‘gut’ feeling?
........ Read more »
Neal, TMS, Cramer, RJ, Ziemke, MH, & Brodsky, SL. (2013) Online searches for jury selection. Criminal Law Bulletin, 49(2). info:/
It's already known that sex causes the neurotransmitters dopamine and oxytocin to be released in the brain. But a recent study has shown that sex can epigenetically modify the DNA in the brain in a way that facilitates pair bonding. The Cellular Scale has an article over at The Toast today telling you all about it.Check it out: The Virgin BrainWang H, Duclot F, Liu Y, Wang Z, & Kabbaj M (2013). Histone deacetylase inhibitors facilitate partner preference formation in female prairie voles. Na........ Read more »
Wang H, Duclot F, Liu Y, Wang Z, & Kabbaj M. (2013) Histone deacetylase inhibitors facilitate partner preference formation in female prairie voles. Nature neuroscience, 16(7), 919-24. PMID: 23727821
Today I'd like to bring to your attention the paper by Teresa Tavassoli and colleagues  (open-access) who talked about the development of the Sensory Perception Quotient (SPQ), a new tool designed to assess "basic sensory hyper- and hyposensitivity" across our basic senses, specifically with the autism spectrum conditions (ASCs) in mind. For those who follow the IMFAR meetings, you might have already heard something about the SPQ in previous years (see here).The purpose of the Tavassoli ........ Read more »
Tavassoli, T., Hoekstra, R., & Baron-Cohen, S. (2014) The Sensory Perception Quotient (SPQ): development and validation of a new sensory questionnaire for adults with and without autism. Molecular Autism, 5(1), 29. DOI: 10.1186/2040-2392-5-29
Think back to the last time you were tested on the honor code. Perhaps you found a $5 bill on the office floor, and had the choice of just taking it for yourself or asking those nearby if they had dropped it. Perhaps a cashier gave you too much change. Perhaps a friend asked you to do a favor, and your had to choose whether to agree or to give a reasonable but untrue excuse. Now, how were you feeling right before that decision came your way? You might think that if you were in a good mood, you&r........ Read more »
Vincent LC, Emich KJ, & Goncalo JA. (2013) Stretching the moral gray zone: positive affect, moral disengagement, and dishonesty. Psychological science, 24(4), 595-9. PMID: 23467185
We’ve written before about visual identity (in the context of covering inflammatory tattoos with makeup for trial) and want to point you to an article in the new issue of The Jury Expert. Bronwen Lichtenstein and Stanley Brodsky (neither of whom are depicted in the image for this post) have an article titled Moving From […]
Simple Jury Persuasion: The ‘Scott Peterson Effect’—Displayed remorse and conviction
Simple Jury Persuasion: Using the ‘Nerd Defense’
Simp........ Read more »
Lichtenstein, B, & Brodsky SL. (2014) Moving from hapless to hapful with the problem defendant. . The Jury Expert, 26(2). info:/
Our ability to regulate emotion affects our relationships, well-being, and stress. This ability – emotion regulation – one of the four branches of ability-based emotional intelligence as assessed by the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT) see prior post on Psycholawlogy here, guides our self-regulation and our adaptation to our environment. Recent research shows [...]
The post Emotional Intelligence Emotion Regulation Ability Helps You [Lawyers] Interact Wit........ Read more »
Lopes, P., Salovey, P., Côté, S., & Beers, M. (2005) Emotion Regulation Abilities and the Quality of Social Interaction. Emotion, 5(1), 113-118. DOI: 10.1037/1528-3518.104.22.168
Let’s take a Loony quiz! Do you believe any of these statements are true? Global warming isn’t real. GMO food is the devil. Organic and all natural are better. Science […]... Read more »
Lovejoy S. (2014) Scaling fluctuation analysis and statistical hypothesis testing of anthropogenic warming. Climate Dynamics, 41(9-10), 2339-2351. DOI: 10.1007/s00382-014-2128-2
Taylor Luke E. . (2014) Vaccines are not associated with autism: An evidence-based meta-analysis of case-control and cohort studies . Vaccine . DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2014.04.085
McFadden Brandon R., & Lusk Jayson L. (2014) Cognitive Biases in the Assimilation of Scientific Information on Global Warming and Genetically Modified Food. Research in Agricultural and applied economics. DOI: purl.umn.edu/162532
Leaky gut and autism. Yes, it happens and I've talked about it quite a bit on this blog. If you're bored of me mentioning this potentially important process and how it may tie into at least some parts of the very heterogeneous autisms, feel free to click away now.Salisbury Cathedral @ Wikipedia If not, today's post centres on a short paper by Alexander Penn and colleagues  which looked at measured levels of intestinal permeability in infants deemed at high-risk of autism by virtue o........ Read more »
Alexander Penn, Tiffany Lai, Leslie Carver, Sharon Taylor, Geert Schmid-Schnbein, & Karen Dobkins. (2014) Intestinal permeability as measured by lactulose mannitol ratio continues to decrease during infancy after 3 months of age for both control infants and infants at high risk for autism spectrum disorders . The FASEB Journal. info:other/
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