Organisations invest up to 15 per cent of their personnel budget on meetings, yet their ubiquity is a common source of frustration, partly validated by evidence that as many as a third of meetings simply aren't productive. As research catches on to the importance of this area, we are beginning to understand how practical factors like agendas and refreshments influence meeting quality. So what about the emotional side to meetings? According to a new study, meeting attendees who feel the need to m........ Read more »
Linda R. Shanock, Joseph A. Allen, Alexandra M. Dunn, Benjamin E. Baran, Cliff W. Scott, & Steven G. Rogelberg. (2013) Less acting, more doing: How surface acting relates to perceived meeting effectiveness and other employee outcomes . Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 457-476. DOI: 10.1111/joop.12037
It’s called the collective action problem: we’d rather rely on others to do the hard work.In a cohesive community however, it is more likely that people will volunteer to become active. The reason? The enforceable trust that comes with the cohesion. This is important for how you organise your daily working life (make sure your team is cohesive) :-) but may also explain why some communities have less trouble than others to overcome disaster experiences.... Read more »
Christakis, & Fowler. (2007) The Spread of Obesity in a Large Social Network over 32 Years. N Engl J Med, 370-379. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMsa066082
Kawachi I, & Subramanian SV. (2006) Measuring and modeling the social and geographic context of trauma: a multilevel modeling approach. Journal of traumatic stress, 195-203. PMID: 16612828
It's only in the last few years that researchers have documented the existence of a select group of individuals who have memories like a diary. Give them a random date from the past and they can tell you what they were doing that day, they can name public events happening around the time, and they can say what day of the week it was. Does this mean that their memories are less prone to distortion than yours and mine? Not according to a new study.Lawrence Patihis and his colleagues, including the........ Read more »
Patihis L, Frenda SJ, Leport AK, Petersen N, Nichols RM, Stark CE, McGaugh JL, & Loftus EF. (2013) False memories in highly superior autobiographical memory individuals. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. PMID: 24248358
A new study finds that equipment used in scientific field research can best be protected from theft and vandalism by tagging it with a polite, personal message that provides a brief overview of the research and an appeal to leave the equipment undisturbed. ... Read more »
Clarin B.-Markus, Bitzilekis Eleftherios , Siemers Bjorn M. , & Goerlitz Holger R. . (2013) Personal messages reduce vandalism and theft of unattended scientific equipment. Methods in Ecology and Evolution. DOI: 10.1111/2041-210X.12132
by amikulak in Daily Observations
It stands to reason that you’d be willing to pay more for a nice slice of pumpkin or apple pie before Thanksgiving dinner, when you’re hungry and salivating, than afterwards, […]... Read more »
Fisher, G., & Rangel, A. (2013) Symmetry in cold-to-hot and hot-to-cold valuation gaps. Psychological Science. DOI: 10.1177/0956797613502362
Researchers have told an easy way to get fit - Watch sports.
Frontiers in Autonomic Neuroscience
Researchers have reported that watching other people exercise usually increases heart rate of the person along with some other physiological parameters as the person himself is doing exercise.
In the present study, researchers inserted very fine needles into an outer nerve of nine volunteers to record the electrical signals of nerve fibers di........ Read more »
Rachael Brown et al. (2013) Increases in muscle sympathetic nerve activity, heart rate, respiration, and skin blood flow during passive viewing of exercise. Frontiers in Autonomic Neuroscience. DOI: 10.3389/fnins.2013.00102
Photo: Sophie Louise Davis / Shutterstock Normal 0 false false false EN-CA X-NONE X-NONE ... Read more »
Freidin E, Putrino N, D'Orazio M, & Bentosela M. (2013) Dogs' Eavesdropping from People's Reactions in Third Party Interactions. PloS one, 8(11). PMID: 24236108
by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room
Priming is the idea that subtle cues and reminders can powerfully influence behavior. You hear about it in studies where women reminded of their gender perform less well on math problems. You may be skeptical of the power of priming on your own behavior. And certainly on the behavior of the hardened criminal. Alas, you […]
Expert witness influence: Interrogation tactics and false confessions
You don’t have to drink to show intoxicated recall and behavior!
Eliot Spitzer, U........ Read more »
Cohn, A., Maréchal, MA, & Noll, T. (2013) Bad Boys: The effect of criminal identity on dishonesty. . SSRN Electronic Journal. DOI: 10.2139/ssrn.2347260
Pain. Nobody particularly likes it, but with the pharmaceutical arsenal of pain relief medication at our disposal these days, many cases of pain can be tackled in one way or another.Tablets (before tablets) @ Wikipedia For those who watched the recent BBC series by the ever-intrepid Dr Michael Mosley titled 'Pain, pus and poison' on some of the important history behind the modern medical, chemical and pharmacy professions, pain was a feature of quite a few of the developments discussed........ Read more »
Brandlistuen RE, Ystrom E, Nulman I, Koren G, & Nordeng H. (2013) Prenatal paracetamol exposure and child neurodevelopment: a sibling-controlled cohort study. International journal of epidemiology. PMID: 24163279
How do we distinguish learning from our friends from learning because our friends happen to be around? When I was younger, Goldeneye on the Nintendo 64 was the game to play, but I was sadly N64-less. Did I learn how to play Goldeneye because my friends were good at it and showed me, or because whenever I […]... Read more »
Ilan, T, Katsnelson, E, Motro, U, Feldman, M, & Lotem, A. (2013) The role of beginner’s luck in learning to prefer risky patches by socially foraging house sparrows . Behavioral Ecology. info:/10.1093/beheco/art079
Bullying can have a big impact, including loneliness, depression, anxiety, low self-esteem and even suicide. Now cyberbullying is on the rise. How to adress this new phenonemon? Researchers map responses that are successful (or unsuccesful) against cyberbullying.... Read more »
Wanda Cassidy, Chantal Faucher and Margaret Jackson. (2013) Cyberbullying among youth: A comprehensive review of current international research and its implications and application to policy and practice . School Psychology International. DOI: 10.1177/0143034313479697
Researchers have found that the happiest marriages are those where wives are able to quickly calm down during argument.
Emotions are most important things in the every aspect of life especially marital life. They can make or destroy relationship.
In the present study, researchers studied middle-aged (40-50 years old) and older (60-70 years old) long-term married couples, considering the control of negative emotions during discuss........ Read more »
Bloch L, Haase CM, Levenson RW. (2013) Emotion Regulation Predicts Marital Satisfaction: More Than a Wives’ Tale. Emotion. DOI: 10.1037/a0034272
by amikulak in Daily Observations
Think “Hunger Games” and you’ll undoubtedly think of heroine Katniss Everdeen fighting against a totalitarian state in the blockbuster series of books and movies. Fortunately for us, those Hunger Games […]... Read more »
Aarøe, L., & Petersen, M.B. (2013) Hunger Games: Fluctuations in Blood Glucose Levels Influence Support for Social Welfare. Psychological Science. DOI: 10.1177/0956797613495244
Explaining a rule or concept to yourself forces you to think deeply about it. Plenty of studies have shown this has benefits, both in terms of improving the understanding of relevant concepts and aiding the skill or process in question. Unfortunately, as Katherine McEldoon and her colleagues argue in their new paper, most of these studies are flawed because they failed to control for the extra time spent on self-explanation. So a typical study has compared, say, 30 minutes practice against 30 mi........ Read more »
McEldoon KL, Durkin KL, & Rittle-Johnson B. (2013) Is self-explanation worth the time? A comparison to additional practice. The British journal of educational psychology, 83(4), 615-32. PMID: 24175685
A team of leading experts in the science and application of training recently provided a comprehensive review and summary of what is known about training, how to decide whether training is needed, what steps to follow in training program design, and among other things, how to assess a training program’s impact. Properly designed and [...]The post Training and Development for [Legal] Organizations – The Science Behind What to Train, How to Train, and How to Implement and Evaluate the ........ Read more »
Salas, E., Tannenbaum, S. I., Kraiger, K., & Smith-Jentsch, K. A. (2012) The science of training and development in organizations: What matters in practice. Psychological Science in the Public Interest. DOI: 10.1177/1529100612436661
Welcome to Part 3, the final step in our science-tastic trip to the movie theater. I’d suggest checking out Part 1 and Part 2 as so far, you've purchased your expensive ticket, wondered at high concession prices, agonized over which size popcorn to buy, and learned how that choice will ultimately determine how much you will eat. Now you are ready to go find a seat for the show! You pick up your concessions from the counter, figure out how to carry them in such a way as to not spill anything a........ Read more »
Matia Okubo. (2010) Right Movies on the Right Seat: Laterality and Seat Choice. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 90-99. DOI: 10.1002/acp.1556
Paul Rodway, Astrid Schepman, & Jordana Lambert. (2012) Preferring the One in the Middle: Further Evidence for the Centre‐stage Effect. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 215-222. DOI: 10.1002/acp.1812
Peter Weyers, Annette Milnik, Clarissa Muller, & Paul Pauli. (2006) How to choose a seat in theatres: Always sit on the right side?. Laterality, 11(2), 181-193. DOI: 10.1080/13576500500430711
From the lab of John Bargh, a major investigator of our unconscious minds at work, came surprising evidence that thinking about old age could make you act just a little bit older – by walking slower. Although this study has recently become controversial due to a difficulty in reproducing the findings, it has inspired at least a few researchers as a potential way of looking at how mindfulness might reduce some old-age stereotypes.... Read more »
Djikic, M, Langer, E. J., & Stapleton, S. F. (2008) Reducing stereotyping through mindfulness: Effects on automatic stereotype-activated behaviors. Journal of Adult Development, 106-111. info:/
by amikulak in Daily Observations
It’s that time of year again – the time to gather with family and friends, to celebrate the passing of another year…to spend hours in a car dealing with pent-up […]... Read more »
Wickens, C.M., Mann, R.E., & Wiesenthal, D.L. (2013) Addressing Driver Aggression: Contributions From Psychological Science. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 22(5), 386-391. DOI: 10.1177/0963721413486986
So you need to ask someone to do something and that “something” lies in the morally murky or ambiguous realm. We won’t offer examples of what that favor may be, but you know what we mean. You may wonder when is best to ask. Right after you’ve begun the day (and they’ve had ample coffee)? […]
Leading our unethical leaders: Behaving as we want our jurors to behave
Which is the more moral negotiator? The male or the female?
What’s a moral issue for us these days?
........ Read more »
Kouchaki M, & Smith IH. (2013) The Morning Morality Effect: The Influence of Time of Day on Unethical Behavior. Psychological Science. PMID: 24166855
New research suggests that formal leaders with a strong sense of personal power have a negative impact on the performance of their team. The work by Leigh Tost and colleagues outlines how feeling powerful leads to a sense of entitlement within group discussions that can crowd out other voices and lead to less valuable information-sharing. This happens only when the powerful-feeling person has a formal leadership role; if they don’t, other group members don't allow the domination and therefore ........ Read more »
Leigh Plunkett Tost, Francesca Gino, & Richard P. Larrick. (2013) When Power Makes Others Speechless: The Negative Impact of Leader Power On Team Performance. Academy of Management Journal,, 56(5), 1465-1486. DOI: 10.5465/amj.2011.0180
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