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  • May 19, 2014
  • 09:53 AM

Drunk Fish Convince Sober Ones to Follow Them Around

by Elizabeth Preston in Inkfish

It’s a good thing fish can’t operate a vehicle. Not only do drunk zebrafish swim extra fast, but they somehow get all the sober fish to follow them. Essentially, a drunk fish becomes the designated driver for the whole group. Although a fish is only marginally like a human, fish can be convenient subjects for […]The post Drunk Fish Convince Sober Ones to Follow Them Around appeared first on Inkfish.... Read more »

Ladu F, Butail S, Macrí S, & Porfiri M. (2014) Sociality Modulates the Effects of Ethanol in Zebra Fish. Alcoholism, clinical and experimental research. PMID: 24819037  

  • May 19, 2014
  • 07:02 AM

Fat bias in the workplace

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

It is likely not a surprise to you that there is a significant public bias against the obese. Frequent flyers are familiar with the feeling of dread as a morbidly obese passenger approaches your row and seems to slow down. But fat bias doesn’t just happen in confined spaces. Workplace incivility is often directed at […]

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Should you ask your overweight female client to diet before trial?
Who benefits from racism in the workplace?
How ‘myside bias’ is related to your i........ Read more »

  • May 19, 2014
  • 05:25 AM

Antidepressant brain stimulation: Promising signs or continuing doubts?

by BPS Research Digest in BPS Research Digest

Depression is a growing public health concern, affecting 1 in 9 people at some point in their lives, and with a third of sufferers experiencing little or no benefit from medication. The World Health Organization predicts that by 2020 depression will become the second leading cause of disability worldwide. By 2026 it is expected to afflict nearly 1.5 million people in the UK, costing the economy more than £12bn every year.Faced with this crisis, scientists have looked for alternative solutions t........ Read more »

  • May 19, 2014
  • 04:32 AM

ADOS via YouTube for autism 'triage'?

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

The paper by Vincent Fusaro and colleagues [1] and some accompanying press attention about this study caught my eye recently. Based on an analysis of 100 home videos posted on YouTube, some tagged with words leading to the assumption of the presence of autism, undergraduate researchers used scoring measures from the gold-standard autism assessment schedule ADOS (Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule) to quite accurately grade whether children appearing in the videos could be classified as autis........ Read more »

  • May 18, 2014
  • 10:44 PM

Does Gamma tACS Really Induce Lucid Dreaming?

by The Neurocritic in The Neurocritic

Dream scene from InceptionDIY brain stimulation geeks were supercharged last week by the finding that dream awareness could be enhanced by transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS)1 at frequencies of 25 and 40 Hz (Voss et al., 2014). Headlines were abuzz with zingers like Brain Zaps Can Trigger Lucid Dreams and A Jolt to the Brain Triggers Lucid Dreams and Brain Zap Could Help You Control Your Dreams. Visualize all the incipient Kickstarter campaigns ready to capitalize on the lucid d........ Read more »

Voss, U., Holzmann, R., Hobson, A., Paulus, W., Koppehele-Gossel, J., Klimke, A., & Nitsche, M. (2014) Induction of self awareness in dreams through frontal low current stimulation of gamma activity. Nature Neuroscience. DOI: 10.1038/nn.3719  

Voss, U., Schermelleh-Engel, K., Windt, J., Frenzel, C., & Hobson, A. (2013) Measuring consciousness in dreams: The lucidity and consciousness in dreams scale. Consciousness and Cognition, 22(1), 8-21. DOI: 10.1016/j.concog.2012.11.001  

  • May 18, 2014
  • 08:02 AM

For a strong mind, let the heart lead

by Teodora Stoica in CuriousCortex

It's wedding season. The perfume of fresh cut flowers scents the air, lingering as guests arrive to celebrate the highly anticipated event. As the music plays softly, she floats down the aisle and lovingly exchanges vows with her beloved - revealing the positive impact each has had on the other. As an observer of the couple's courtship, you might silently concur how truly different each has become since falling in love, and wonder why. Only two years ago, the groom’s snarky comm........ Read more »

  • May 17, 2014
  • 04:00 PM

Brain Stimulation Makes Man A Johnny Cash Fan?

by Neuroskeptic in Neuroskeptic_Discover

A man developed a passionate love for the music of Johnny Cash after being implanted with a brain stimulation device. The unique story is told in a case report in the Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience journal, published on the 6th May. The authors, Mariska Mantione and colleagues, describe the case of “Mr. B”, a 58 […]The post Brain Stimulation Makes Man A Johnny Cash Fan? appeared first on Neuroskeptic.... Read more »

  • May 17, 2014
  • 03:29 AM

Nearly 13% of children with a DSM-IV diagnosis?

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

I had tweeted about the paper by Sandra Petresco and colleagues [1] (open-access here) a while back as being the source of the sentence: "Nearly 13 % of the children presented a psychiatric diagnosis according to DSM-IV" based on their analysis of the Pelotas Birth Cohort [2] in Brazil.Aleijadinho: Angel of the Passion @ Wikipedia The crux of the Petresco paper was that by looking at all the children, or at least the majority of children, born during 2004 in the city of Pelot........ Read more »

Petresco S, Anselmi L, Santos IS, Barros AJ, Fleitlich-Bilyk B, Barros FC, & Matijasevich A. (2014) Prevalence and comorbidity of psychiatric disorders among 6-year-old children: 2004 Pelotas Birth Cohort. Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology. PMID: 24488152  

  • May 16, 2014
  • 02:25 PM

MORE Science Fact and Fiction Behind Fat Loss

by Gabriel in Lunatic Laboratories

I was shocked by the huge response to my first post on the science behind weight loss, so much so that I wanted to do a second post in the series […]... Read more »

Hana Kahleova, Lenka Belinova, Hana Malinska, Olena Oliyarnyk,, Jaroslava Trnovska, Vojtech Skop, Ludmila Kazdova, Monika Dezortova,, & Milan Hajek, Andrea Tura, Martin Hill, Terezie Pelikanova. (2014) Eating two larger meals a day (breakfast and lunch) is more effective than six smaller meals in a reduced-energy regimen for patients with type 2 diabetes: a randomised crossover study. Diabetologia. info:/10.1007/s00125-014-3253-5

Lombardo, M., Bellia, A., Padua, E., Annino, G., Guglielmi, V., D’Adamo, M., Iellamo, F., & Sbraccia, P. (2014) Morning Meal More Efficient for Fat Loss in a 3-Month Lifestyle Intervention. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 1-8. DOI: 10.1080/07315724.2013.863169  

Andersson DP, Eriksson Hogling D, Thorell A, Toft E, Qvisth V, Näslund E, Thörne A, Wirén M, Löfgren P, Hoffstedt J.... (2014) Changes in Subcutaneous Fat Cell Volume and Insulin Sensitivity After Weight Loss. Diabetes care. PMID: 24760260  

Fletcher, G., Dawes, J., & Spano, M. (2014) The Potential Dangers of Using Rapid Weight Loss Techniques. Strength and Conditioning Journal, 36(2), 45-48. DOI: 10.1519/SSC.0000000000000043  

  • May 16, 2014
  • 07:02 AM

Simple Jury Persuasion: Video evidence and screen size

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

Is bigger better (hey, hey!–we’re talking about video monitors!)? We now have definitive evidence saying it all depends on your ultimate goal. According to this research, what your jurors see in the courtroom is going to affect their decisions during deliberations. While this is hardly news, the level of detail on how video screen size […]

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Simple Jury Persuasion: The weaker the evidence, the more precise you become
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  • May 15, 2014
  • 09:54 PM

Magic mushrooms and the amygdala

by neurosci in Neuroscientifically Challenged

People have been eating psychedelic mushrooms since ancient times. There are indications (although they are impossible to verify) that psychedelic mushrooms played an important role in cultures like the Mayan civilizations of South America thousands of years ago. Of course, the use of "magic" mushrooms has continued into modern times. In 1958, Albert Hofmann (the discoverer of LSD) isolated psilocybin as the active hallucinogenic compound in psychedelic mushrooms.Recently,........ Read more »

  • May 15, 2014
  • 09:00 AM

What does it take to lie?

by Katharine Blackwell in Contemplating Cognition

Liar, liar, pants on fire. We are told from a young age: Lying is wrong. Lying is going to get you in trouble, even more trouble than whatever you’re lying to cover up. Pinocchio’s nose grew for a reason, boys and girls; lying does nothing for you.

Except maybe, lying is evidence of sophisticated cognitive machinery.

One of the abilities that is sometimes held up to separate humans from that other animals is theory of mind, the belief we all have that other people have minds th........ Read more »

Newton, P., Reddy, V., & Bull, R. (2000) Children's everyday deception and performance on false belief tasks. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 18(2), 297-317. info:/

  • May 15, 2014
  • 04:34 AM

Evidence for an autoimmune aetiology of epilepsy?

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

With a title like that, I was bound to post about the paper by Mei-Sing Ong and colleagues [1] and their suggestion that: "Epilepsy and autoimmune disease frequently co-occur; patients with either condition should undergo surveillance for the other".Capo di Noli @ Wikipedia United under the umbrella that is autism spectrum comorbidity (even possible phenotypes), I've talked quite a bit on this blog about epilepsy / seizure disorders (see here) and autoimmune conditions (........ Read more »

  • May 15, 2014
  • 04:00 AM

'I’ll have what she’s having' – Developing the Faking Orgasm Scale for Women

by BPS Research Digest in BPS Research Digest

Over 65 per cent of women are believed to have done it at least once in their lives. Magazines, TV shows and self-help books all talk about it. It features in one of the most memorable movie scenes ever.  What am I talking about? Faking orgasm, of course.I’ve done it. I wonder if you have too?Let’s distract ourselves from this potentially awkward moment with a study by Cooper and colleagues, who have created the Faking Orgasm Scale.When I saw this paper I bristled at the thought of yet ........ Read more »

Cooper EB, Fenigstein A, & Fauber RL. (2014) The faking orgasm scale for women: psychometric properties. Archives of sexual behavior, 43(3), 423-35. PMID: 24346866  

  • May 14, 2014
  • 02:42 PM

Science Fact and Fiction behind Fat Loss

by Gabriel in Lunatic Laboratories

Do you have some of that unwanted belly fat? Do you get nervous that you will exceed the weight limit in an elevator? Do you want to eat everything in […]... Read more »

Bahadori Babak, McCarty Mark F., Barroso-Aranda Jorge, Gustin John C., & Contreras Francisco. (2009) A “mini-fast with exercise” protocol for fat loss. Medical Hypotheses, 73(4), 619-622. DOI: 10.1016/j.mehy.2008.09.063  

Aleixandre Amaya, & Miguel Marta. (2008) Dietary Fiber in the Prevention and Treatment of Metabolic Syndrome: A Review. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 48(10), 905-912. DOI: 10.1080/10408390701761886  

Foltran F., Verduci E., Ghidina M., Campoy C., Jany K.-D., Widhalm K., Biasucci G., Vogele C., Halpern G., & Gregori D. (2010) Nutritional Profiles in a Public Health Perspective: A Critical Review. Journal of International Medical Research, 38(2), 318-385. DOI: 10.1177/147323001003800202  

  • May 14, 2014
  • 09:57 AM

Accents Can Carry Over When You Switch Between Languages

by amikulak in Daily Observations

Switching back and forth between two different languages presents a cognitive challenge that can trip up even the most fluent bilingual speakers. Researcher Matthew Goldrick of Northwestern University and colleagues […]... Read more »

Goldrick, M., Runnqvist, E., & Costa, A. (2014) Language Switching Makes Pronunciation Less Nativelike. Psychological Science, 25(4), 1031-1036. DOI: 10.1177/0956797613520014  

  • May 14, 2014
  • 08:30 AM

Guinea Pigs and Domestication

by CAPB in Companion Animal Psychology Blog

Domestication changes animals in many ways. We still don’t fully understand how – or when, or where – the dog was domesticated. But it turns out the guinea pig is the guinea pig of domestication research as scientists compare guinea pigs to their wild cousins, cavies.Photo: Ase / ShutterstockA new paper by Benjamin Zipser et al (University of Münster, Germany) compares adolescent guinea pigs and wild cavies. Previous research has found differences between adult guinea pigs and cavies in t........ Read more »

  • May 14, 2014
  • 07:02 AM

Teary testimony from children is more credible

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

Here’s one that just makes intuitive sense. When children are testifying in court, teary testimony is thought to be more credible than stoic and controlled testimony from child victims of non-sexual crimes. At least so say aspiring lawyers in Sweden. Researchers developed four (5 minute long) videos using two child actors (one boy and one […]

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Eyewitness testimony: It’s how you talk and who I think you are
The more feminine you appear, the more children you will want
W........ Read more »

Landström, S., Ask, K., Sommar, C., & Willén, R. (2013) Children's testimony and the emotional victim effect. Legal and Criminological Psychology. DOI: 10.1111/lcrp.12036  

  • May 14, 2014
  • 04:00 AM

‘We innovate now’: sexual lives following lower limb amputation

by BPS Research Digest in BPS Research Digest

If your partner’s undergoing a lower limb amputation (LLA) it is likely sex would be the last thing on your mind. You would, however, be preoccupied with the recovery and wellbeing of your partner or spouse. These are amongst the findings of a recent qualitative study by Verschuren and colleagues of 16 partners of people undergoing LLA.The study, carried out in the Netherlands, asked respondents to reflect on their intimate lives pre- and post-LLA. Respondents noted they still w........ Read more »

  • May 14, 2014
  • 12:14 AM

Facebook as a conduit for misinformation and racism: The role of shallow information processing

by Scott McGreal in Eye on Psych

There seems to be a trend today to regard having a Facebook account as a quick and dirty indicator of normal social adjustment. However, research suggests that Facebook is associated with a culture of shallow information processing that might facilitate uncritical acceptance of problematic social attitudes, such as racism. ... Read more »

Rauch, S. M., & Schanz, K. (2013) Advancing racism with Facebook: Frequency and purpose of Facebook use and the acceptance of prejudiced and egalitarian messages. Computers in Human Behavior, 29(3), 610-615. info:/

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