Many parents, teachers and teaching assistants will know that children and young adults will often fall out and argue. As children develop and reach puberty, these issues become increasingly complex and divisive. Additionally, adult intervention can sometimes serve to exacerbate the situation (Huntley and Owens 2013).Recent research by Huntley and Owens (2013) has successfully identified 10 possible strategies, developed by adolescent girls, that may prove useful in managing peer conflict. Seven........ Read more »
Huntley Jillian, & Owens Larry. (2013) Collaborative conversations: adolescent girls' own strategies for managing conflict within their friendship groups. International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, 18(4), 236-247. DOI: 10.1080/02673843.2012.690933
by amikulak in Daily Observations
We’re taught from a young age that it’s not okay to discriminate or show prejudice against others. And this strong social norm is codified in various ways, such as in […]... Read more »
Cox, W.T.L., & Devine, P.G. (2014) Stereotyping to infer group membership creates plausible deniability for prejudice-based aggression. Psychological Science, 25(2), 340-348. DOI: 10.1177/0956797613501171
People will actually see you more positively when you raise no money for charity at all than they will when you raise $1,000,000 (but skim $100,000 for yourself). Even if you said you were going to keep 10% up front and the charity really did get the $900,000! When you benefit (in any way) from […]
Simple Jury Persuasion: Using counter-factual thinking to your advantage
Simple Jury Persuasion: Use pre-factual thinking to your advantage in litigation
Simple Jury Persuasion: ........ Read more »
Newman GE, & Cain DM. (2014) Tainted Altruism: When Doing Some Good Is Evaluated as Worse Than Doing No Good at All. Psychological Science. PMID: 24403396
Lack of sexual interest in a highly sexualised Western society: how does that work? Interest in this topic has sky-rocketed in the past decade, yet we still know very little about it. Once thought to be a psychological or biological disorder, asexuality is slowly being accepted as a normal orientation separate from sexual orientations such as heterosexuality and homosexuality.... Read more »
Van Houdenhove, E., Gijs, L., T’Sjoen, G. And Enzlin. (2014) Stories about asexuality: A qualitative study in asexual women. Journal of Sex . DOI: 10.1080/0092623X.2014.889053
How are social media and the Internet changing the way science is done? And what does that have to do with a dancing cockatoo?... Read more »
Patel, Aniruddh D., Iversen, John R., Bregman, Micah R., & Schulz, Irena. (2009) Experimental Evidence for Synchronization to a Musical Beat in a Nonhuman Animal. Current Biology, 19(10), 827-830. DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2009.03.038
A post exploring the psychological and medical benefits of having strong social relationships. Meta-analysis and further studies show that beyond the obvious psychological benefits of having friends, strong social relationships also confer longevity and increased likelihood of survival in situations of risked mortality.... Read more »
Holt-Lunstad, Smith, & Layton. (2010) Social Relationships and Mortality Risk: A Meta-analytic Review. PLoS Med. DOI: 10.4016/19911.01
Cable et al. (2012) Friends are equally important to men and women, but family matters more for men's well-being. Journal of Epidemiology . DOI: 10.1136/jech-2012-201113
Giles et al. (2004) Effect of social networks on 10 year survival in very old Australians: the Australian longitudinal study of aging. Journal of Epidemiology . DOI: 10.1136/jech.2004.025429
tl;dr: Rodents will help each other get out of trouble, though they will help each other more if they are related. Social learning in rodents can require information transmission between ACC and amygdala, and the strength of synapses in mPFC dictates social status. He wanders into the room and stops – someone else is peering […]... Read more »
Ben-Ami Bartal I, Rodgers DA, Bernardez Sarria MS, Decety J, & Mason P. (2014) Pro-social behavior in rats is modulated by social experience. eLife. PMID: 24424411
Wang F, Zhu J, Zhu H, Zhang Q, Lin Z, & Hu H. (2011) Bidirectional control of social hierarchy by synaptic efficacy in medial prefrontal cortex. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6056), 693-7. PMID: 21960531
Jeon D, Kim S, Chetana M, Jo D, Ruley HE, Lin SY, Rabah D, Kinet JP, & Shin HS. (2010) Observational fear learning involves affective pain system and Cav1.2 Ca2 channels in ACC. Nature neuroscience, 13(4), 482-8. PMID: 20190743
February 19th 2014 (yesterday). Questioning Answers celebrates 3 years of life as a blog. Happy birthday. To quote from one website: "Congratulations, you have survived the "terrible two's!"'. Maybe I should start claiming some free early education for it too?You are 3 @ Paul WhiteleyAnyhow...Cast your mind back to September 2012 and the publication of a paper by Gaia Novarino and colleagues* which I posted about (see here) discussing some interesting observations with respect to a potentia........ Read more »
García-Cazorla A, Oyarzabal A, Fort J, Robles C, Castejón E, Ruiz-Sala P, Bodoy S, Merinero B, Lopez-Sala A, Dopazo J.... (2014) Two Novel Mutations in the BCKDK Gene (Branched-Chain Keto-Acid Dehydrogenase Kinase) are Responsible of a Neurobehavioral Deficit in two Pediatric Unrelated Patients. Human mutation. PMID: 24449431
The assessment and treatment of depression usually deals with negative verbal thoughts as if they are distinct from negative mental imagery and perceptual sensations. A new study led by Steffen Moritz at the University of Hamburg suggests this is a mistake - many people with depression report that their negative thoughts have a sensory quality. What's more, experiencing depressive thoughts with perceptual sensations tends to go hand in hand with more serious depressive illness.Recruited via hosp........ Read more »
Moritz S, Hörmann CC, Schröder J, Berger T, Jacob GA, Meyer B, Holmes EA, Späth C, Hautzinger M, Lutz W.... (2013) Beyond words: Sensory properties of depressive thoughts. Cognition . PMID: 24359124
Immigrants are more often than natives diagnosed with schizophrenia. Afro-Carribeans in England, Inuits in Denmark and Moroccans in the Netherlands are among the most likely to become schizophrenic, according to a Dutch newspaper article. New research however has indicated that standardized test may overdiagnose immigrants due to cultural misinterpretation.... Read more »
Zandi T, Havenaar JM, Laan W, Kahn RS, & van den Brink W. (2011) Predictive validity of a culturally informed diagnosis of schizophrenia: a 30 month follow-up study with first episode psychosis. Schizophrenia research, 133(1-3), 29-35. PMID: 22019074
Zandi T, Havenaar JM, Smits M, Limburg-Okken AG, van Es H, Cahn W, Algra A, Kahn RS, & van den Brink W. (2010) First contact incidence of psychotic disorders among native Dutch and Moroccan immigrants in the Netherlands: influence of diagnostic bias. Schizophrenia research, 119(1-3), 27-33. PMID: 20332065
by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room
When your evidence is weak, how can you be more persuasive? Precision. Observers want to see certain things to have confidence in what you are saying. The more precise you are, the more likely the observer is to see you as knowledgeable and accurate (even when negotiating for salary!). So what does the observer look […]
Simple Jury Persuasion: Can walking to the jury room make jurors forget your evidence?
Simple Jury Persuasion: Hearsay evidence & the expert witness
Si........ Read more »
Jerez-Fernandez A, Angulo AN, & Oppenheimer DM. (2014) Show me the numbers: precision as a cue to others' confidence. Psychological Science, 25(2), 633-5. PMID: 24317423
What happens if you drop a ball in a falling elevator and why? Your answer will of course depend on the sophistication of your understanding of the laws of physics. Psychologists in France and the Netherlands have used similar questions to test the understanding of 144 children and teenagers aged 5 to 18 years. The results show how children's naive understanding of gravity matures through different stages as a result of their first-hand experience and exposure to formal teaching and cultural exp........ Read more »
Frappart S, Raijmakers M, & Frède V. (2014) What do children know and understand about universal gravitation? Structural and developmental aspects. Journal of experimental child psychology, 17-38. PMID: 24361806
Today the Daily Mail reports on an exciting new finding: Patricia Gray (University of North Carolina in Greensboro) and Ed Large (University of Connecticut) claim to have shown that bonobo's can synchronise to a beat.
... Read more »
De Waal, Frans B.M. (1988) The Communicative Repertoire of Captive Bonobos (Pan Paniscus) Compared To That of Chimpanzees. Behaviour, 106(3), 183-251. DOI: 10.1163/156853988X00269
Media headlines frequently link young people's widespread use of Facebook with the narcissism of their generation (e.g. "Facebook's 'dark side': study finds link to socially aggressive narcissism). A new investigation involving hundreds of US college students and hundreds of members of the US public has found that it's actually the older generation for whom this claim is more accurate. However, use of Twitter tells another story.First to challenge those Facebook headlines. Shaun Davenport and hi........ Read more »
Shaun W. Davenport, Shawn M. Bergman, Jacqueline Z. Bergman, & Matthew E. Fearrington. (2014) Twitter versus Facebook: Exploring the role of narcissism in the motives and usage of different social media platforms. Computers in Human Behavior. DOI: 10.1016/j.chb.2013.12.011
I've talked about the [almighty] major histocompatibility complex (MHC) before on this blog (see here). The important duties that this biological system performs in relation to identification and communication insofar as antigen presentation and importantly, the process of differentiation between 'self' and 'non-self' from an immunological perspective, are not to be sniffed at.Harold? @ WikipediaI've found myself quite interested in all things MHC (also referring to the human leukocyte anti........ Read more »
Nudel R, Simpson NH, Baird G, O Hare A, Conti-Ramsden G, Bolton PF, Hennessy ER, Monaco AP, Knight JC, Winney B.... (2014) Associations of HLA alleles with specific language impairment. Journal of neurodevelopmental disorders, 6(1), 1. PMID: 24433325
Brain Awareness Week is coming, so I was interested to read today about the University of Minnesota Brain Awareness Program for schools. A paper, published in PLoS ONE a few weeks ago, gives plenty of details about this pioneering educational initiative. But the main reason I’m blogging about it is so I can share this […]The post Do Children Need Brain Awareness? appeared first on Neuroskeptic.... Read more »
Fitzakerley JL, Michlin ML, Paton J, & Dubinsky JM. (2013) Neuroscientists' classroom visits positively impact student attitudes. PloS one, 8(12). PMID: 24358325
The assumption of every magazine or scientific article I’ve read on the benefits of mindful meditation seems to be that a little mindfulness training would be good for absolutely everyone. But are we right to assume that everyone walks away with the same benefits from a mindfulness intervention?... Read more »
Kee YH, Chatzisarantis N, Kong PW, Chow JY, & Chen LH. (2012) Mindfulness, movement control, and attentional focus strategies: Effects of mindfulness on a postural balance task. Journal of Sport , 34(5), 561-579. PMID: 23027228
Several studies have reported associations between the amount parents talk to their infants and subsequent language development. It is almost always assumed that this reflects a causal relationship and that children's language outcomes can be improved by encouraging parents to talk more to their babies and toddlers.
I argue here that other reasons for the association need to be considered. In particular, there is ample evidence that the association may in part reflect shared genetic risks........ Read more »
Caskey, Melinda, Stephens, Bonnie, Tucker, Richard, & Vohr, Betty. (2014) Adult talk in the NICU with preterm infants and developmental outcomes. Pediatrics. DOI: 10.1542/peds.2013-0104
Last fall we wrote about how having a dark-skinned avatar in an immersive virtual reality experience can reduce your implicit bias against dark-skinned people. Now Illinois researchers show us that the avatar assigned in online gaming also influences behavior. How? If you are assigned to be a hero, you do good. If you are assigned […]
“Spend some time in my skin”
Real-life Sopranos: It’s isn’t the HBO show!
Should you try online jury research?
... Read more »
Yoon G, & Vargas PT. (2014) Know Thy Avatar: The Unintended Effect of Virtual-Self Representation on Behavior. Psychological Science. PMID: 24501111
I want to briefly draw your attention to the paper by Fernando Navarro and colleagues* which concluded: "Our study although underpowered to show small differences does not support an association between dietary gluten/milk, IP [intestinal permeability], and behavioral changes in subjects with ASD". At the moment, I'm only blogging based on the study abstract so I'm gonna keep things quite brief and will post again when I have the full-text. BTW we had heard that this study was coming a........ Read more »
Fernando Navarro, Deborah A Pearson, Nicole Fatheree, Rosleen Mansour, S Shahrukh Hashmi, & J Marc Rhoads. (2014) Are ‘leaky gut’ and behavior associated with gluten and dairy containing diet in children with autism spectrum disorders?. Nutritional Neuroscience. DOI: 10.1179/1476830514Y.0000000110
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