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  • April 3, 2014
  • 03:26 PM
  • 103 views

Are The Mafia Psychopaths?

by Neuroskeptic in Neuroskeptic_Discover

The view that the Mafia is an organization of especially ruthless psychopaths is wrong – in fact, members of ‘Cosa Nostra’ have lower psychopathic traits than other criminals. That’s according to a new study from Italian researchers Schimmenti and colleagues, who, appropriately enough, are based in Sicily, the Mafia’s birthplace. Schimmenti et al went to […]The post Are The Mafia Psychopaths? appeared first on Neuroskeptic.... Read more »

Schimmenti, A., Caprì, C., La Barbera, D., & Caretti, V. (2014) Mafia and psychopathy. Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health. DOI: 10.1002/cbm.1902  

  • April 3, 2014
  • 09:00 AM
  • 65 views

The Power of a Bedtime Story

by Katharine Blackwell in Contemplating Cognition

My 4-year-old nephew has an eclectic taste in bed-time stories. One week my sister will find herself reading the adventures of Spryo versus The Mega Monsters, the next week recounting the emotional journey of Mo Willem’s Knuffle Bunny, and the next reading captions out of Smithsonian’s Human: The Definitive Visual Guide. (Yes, at my nephew’s insistence). Unbeknownst to my sister, there may be a method to this seeming madness is pajama-clad reading choice; my nephew may be follo........ Read more »

  • April 3, 2014
  • 04:20 AM
  • 84 views

New life for naltrexone and autism?

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

During the very earliest days of the life of this blog I posted about the opiate antagonist naltrexone (ReVia®) and some research on its history with autism in mind; in particular, the various emerging speculations on low dose naltrexone (LDN) (see here). Today I'm following up that entry based on the results of a systematic review by Ashok Roy and colleagues [1] on the value (or not) of naltrexone for "attenuating the core symptoms of autism spectrum conditions in children"."Yadwigha........ Read more »

  • April 2, 2014
  • 08:30 AM
  • 79 views

How About that Doggy at the Hair Salon?

by CAPB in Companion Animal Psychology Blog

Can we speed up the process of re-homing shelter dogs by getting the dog out of the shelter and into the community?Photo: AdamEdwards / ShutterstockEvery year, many dogs find new homes through animal rescues and shelters, but some have a long wait and many are never re-homed.  What if there was a way to free up shelter space and encourage people who would not visit the shelter to adopt? A new paper by Heather Mohan-Gibbons et al (2014) assesses the success of a scheme in which dogs were mov........ Read more »

  • April 2, 2014
  • 07:02 AM
  • 71 views

Women as Expert Witnesses: The good, the sad, and the ugly

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

Female attorneys know they a special challenge to being accepted as authoritative, just because they are women. Looks like things are about the same for expert witnesses who are women. A new literature review just published by Tess M.S. Neal in Behavioral Sciences and the Law offers a succinct picture of what the research has […]

Related posts:
Expert witnesses on what causes bias in other expert witnesses
We don’t need no stinkin’ plates (or expert witnesses)
What expert witnesses sh........ Read more »

  • April 2, 2014
  • 12:34 AM
  • 96 views

The Connection Between Conspiracy Theories and Ambivalence

by Eric Horowitz in peer-reviewed by my neurons

It’s a good time to be in the conspiracy theory business, and not just because the birthplace of the U.S. President has been verified only 72 times. Thanks to the internet, it’s easier than ever to track down potentially suspicious information and discuss it with like-minded gumshoes. While certain people may be predisposed to believing in certain kinds […]... Read more »

van Harreveld, F., Rutjens, B., Schneider, I., Nohlen, H., & Keskinis, K. (2014) In Doubt and Disorderly: Ambivalence Promotes Compensatory Perceptions of Order. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. DOI: 10.1037/a0036099  

  • April 1, 2014
  • 04:01 PM
  • 95 views

Exercise and chronic pain

by Bronwyn Thompson in Healthskills: Skills for Healthy Living

While the overall premise of exercise is clear, the details of how often, what kind and the best approach for recovery after exercising are rather less. The problem for people with chronic pain is that moving HURTS. Some people have even argued that chronic pain is, in essence, an activity intolerance disorder... Read more »

  • March 31, 2014
  • 03:00 PM
  • 69 views

Are Drama Queens To Be Trusted? Research Thinks They Are

by Nura Rutten in United Academics

Recent study shows incidental emotions change others' reciprocity in trusting situations.... Read more »

  • March 31, 2014
  • 09:00 AM
  • 46 views

Why Money Doesn’t Buy Meaning

by Katharine Blackwell in Contemplating Cognition

Sometimes psychologists do try to tackle the big questions. We might not be willing (or equipped) to speculate about the true meaning of life, but we can try to determine what might lead more people in one nation to say “yes” to one simple question:

Do you feel your life has an important purpose or meaning?... Read more »

  • March 31, 2014
  • 04:32 AM
  • 75 views

ALV003 glutenase and more

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

Today's post is a bit of mash-up but hopefully containing some common threads. If you're also reading the title of this post and wondering what it might have to do with autism research, stay with me...For mash get smash... @ Wikpedia The chopping up duties of ALV003To start, we have the paper by Lähdeaho and colleagues [1] who reported results based on the "ability of ALV003, a mixture of 2 recombinant gluten-specific proteases given orally, to protect patients with cel........ Read more »

Lähdeaho ML, Kaukinen K, Laurila K, Vuotikka P, Koivurova OP, Kärjä-Lahdensuu T, Marcantonio A, Adelman DC, & Mäki M. (2014) The Glutenase ALV003 Attenuates Gluten-Induced Mucosal Injury in Patients with Celiac Disease. Gastroenterology. PMID: 24583059  

Ludvigsson JF, Neovius M, & Hammarström L. (2014) Association Between IgA Deficiency . Journal of clinical immunology. PMID: 24584841  

  • March 30, 2014
  • 07:05 PM
  • 82 views

Contest to Reduce Implicit Racial Bias Shows Empathy and Perspective-Taking Don't Work

by The Neurocritic in The Neurocritic

NCAA college basketball isn't the only hot competition involving a team at the University of Virginia.  UVa Psychology Professor Brian Nosek is one of three founders of Project Implicit, a collaborative nonprofit dedicated to the study of implicit social cognition — how unconscious thoughts and feelings can influence attitudes and behavior.Prof Nosek is also heavily involved in the Open Science and Replication movements. Along with graduate student Calvin Lai, he led a mult........ Read more »

Lai CK, Marini M, Lehr SA, Cerruti C, Shin JE, Joy-Gaba JA, Ho AK, Teachman BA, Wojcik SP, Koleva SP.... (2014) Reducing Implicit Racial Preferences: I. A Comparative Investigation of 17 Interventions. Journal of experimental psychology. General. PMID: 24661055  

  • March 30, 2014
  • 06:33 AM
  • 94 views

The right inferior frontal cortex - The brain’s cognitive brake

by Robert Seymour in NeuroFractal

Whilst go/no-go tasks and stop-tasks have given researchers a lot of information about “pure” inhibition, this is not how people typically stop themselves performing actions in real life. In the past few years a slightly more ecologically valid paradigm has emerged in which participants anticipate they might have to inhibit a response, followed by the normal Go/No-Go signal. Participant’s responses are very slightly slower on go trials if they anticipate having to stop. This ha........ Read more »

  • March 30, 2014
  • 04:58 AM
  • 53 views

Mental health consequences of childhood cancer

by Eva Alisic in Trauma Recovery

Childhood cancer is no longer the death sentence it once was and survival rates are currently around 80%. How are survivors affected by their experience and how does it impact on their family? Lifetime prevalence of cancer-related PTSD has been estimated at 20-35% in survivors.
New research challenges these estimates, drawing attention to the 'focusing illusion'... Read more »

  • March 28, 2014
  • 08:06 PM
  • 111 views

Inflaming inflammation and psychiatry

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

The systematic review published by Mitchell & Goldstein [1] kinda says it all when it comes to our current view of the topic of inflammation and psychiatry, and in particular inflammation and neuropsychiatric conditions such as autism, schizophrenia and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): "There is preliminary evidence for elevated markers of inflammation in this population".All at sea (JMW Turner) @ Wikipedia I've talked quite a bit on this blog about how, a........ Read more »

  • March 28, 2014
  • 10:56 AM
  • 36 views

Parenthood, Trial or Tribulation? Part 2

by Psych Your Mind in Psych Your Mind

On New Year’s Day I became a parent, sparking my curiosity in the research on parenting and well-being and inspiring a four-part series on parenthood and happiness. This is the second post. Check out the first post here.Are parents happier than non-parents? Researchers have generally set about trying to answer this deceptively simple question in three ways:Are people with children happier than those without children?This is the most common approach to research on parenthood and well-being. In ........ Read more »

  • March 28, 2014
  • 10:17 AM
  • 82 views

Wellbeing is shaped by your day's little highlights, not merely its mishaps

by Alex Fradera in BPS Occupational Digest

Wellbeing research has tended to model work-life as a default state punctuated by negative events such as conflicts, mistakes, or unwelcome change. In this way, it follows the broader model of psychological health research that focuses on harmful interruption to normal functioning , a model that Martin Seligman and Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi were contesting in 2000 when they launched the Positive Psychology movement. In a new paper, Joyce Bono and colleagues further this tradition by drawing attent........ Read more »

  • March 28, 2014
  • 09:58 AM
  • 98 views

Scientists Convince People Their Hands Are Rocks

by Elizabeth Preston in Inkfish

No matter how much of a critical thinker you consider yourself, your brain is pretty gullible. With a few minutes and a couple of props, your brain can be convinced that one of your limbs is made of rubber or invisible, or that your whole body is the size of a Barbie doll’s. All these illusions […]The post Scientists Convince People Their Hands Are Rocks appeared first on Inkfish.... Read more »

Senna, I., Maravita, A., Bolognini, N., & Parise, C. (2014) The Marble-Hand Illusion. PLoS ONE, 9(3). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0091688  

  • March 28, 2014
  • 09:57 AM
  • 24 views

Patching the Leaky Pipeline of Women in STEM

by amikulak in Daily Observations

March is designated Women’s History Month in the United States, recognizing “generations of women whose commitment to nature and the planet have proved invaluable to society.” And yet, as we […]... Read more »

  • March 28, 2014
  • 07:02 AM
  • 46 views

Simple Jury Persuasion: “It makes no difference to me but I’m sure it would to a lot of other people.”

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

The study of bias fascinates us. We can easily spot prejudice in others but are oblivious to our own biases. We often ask a question at the end of a research project about community values and whether our (uniformly unbiased and considerate) mock jurors think others in the area would be biased against a party […]

Related posts:
Simple Jury Persuasion: Oooh! Seeing that makes me so angry!!!
Simple Jury Persuasion: Font Choice and Bias
Simple Jury Persuasion: Activate the ‘intuitive prose........ Read more »

  • March 27, 2014
  • 12:21 PM
  • 97 views

The new CDC autism prevalence rate

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

Whilst quite a lot of media space is currently being devoted to talking about the study by Rich Stoner and colleagues [1] and sweeping generalisations like the BBC headline: Autism 'begins long before birth' with seemingly only little appreciation of the small-scale nature of the study and little details linked to samples being post-mortem tissues, other important autism-related news is also out there.CDC US autism prevalence estimates @ Autism Speaks I'm ........ Read more »

Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network Surveillance Year 2010 Principal Investigators. (2014) Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorder Among Children Aged 8 Years — Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, 11 Sites, United States, 2010. Morbidity . info:/

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