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  • December 10, 2013
  • 05:21 AM
  • 215 views

What's the difference between a happy life and a meaningful one?

by Christian Jarrett in BPS Research Digest

For some it's lying on a sun-drenched beach sipping sangria, for others it's wallowing in a cosy cocoon munching on chocolate and playing video games. Many people will admit that these or other immediate indulgences are what makes them happy. And yet, even given the freedom and resources to live a life of hedonism, many of us find it's not enough - we want to have meaning in our lives too.Unfortunately, what we mean by "meaning" has largely been neglected by psychologists. But now Roy Baumeister........ Read more »

Roy F. Baumeister, Kathleen D. Vohs, Jennifer L. Aaker, & Emily N. Garbinsky. (2013) Some key differences between a happy life and a meaningful life. Journal of Positive Psychology. DOI: 10.1080/17439760.2013.830764  

  • December 9, 2013
  • 12:54 PM
  • 196 views

Sticking electrodes in humans: the need to proceed

by neuroecology in Neuroecology

“But, right now, do you think I made you stronger or weaker?” “I felt the flash and as we talked through it… it made me stronger.” I can trace my interest in neuroscience quite directly to when I was nine and my teacher showed us a video of the famous Penfield Experiments (see above, I’m pretty sure […]... Read more »

  • December 9, 2013
  • 07:08 AM
  • 159 views

Your subconcious knows if your marriage will last

by Koko Beers in United Academics

Implicit gut feelings of newlyweds predict the succes of a marriage, new research suggests. ... Read more »

  • December 9, 2013
  • 07:02 AM
  • 216 views

Millenials Revisited (Again): A happy life or a meaningful life?

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

We believe the negative press on the Millennials (our 20-somethings and early 30-somethings) is simply what happens to all of our young people as they are judged (and found wanting) by older generations. And mostly we eventually grow up, mature, and become something different than we started out as–at least when viewed through the eyes […]

Related posts:
Generation X: Active, balanced and happy. Seriously?
If your jurors are happy, will they blame the victim less?
Is the Millennial ........ Read more »

Roy F. Baumeister, Kathleen D. Voh, Jennifer L. Aaker, & Emily N. Garbinsky. (2013) Some key differences between a happy life and a meaningful life. . The Journal of Positive Psychology, 8(6), 505-516. DOI: 10.2139/ssrn.2168436  

  • December 9, 2013
  • 06:53 AM
  • 165 views

Autism and the [changing] preschool developmental profile

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

I'd like to begin with a quote from the paper by Hedvall and colleagues* who reported findings based on a study of developmental trajectory for 208 preschoolers diagnosed with an autism spectrum condition: "Changes in developmental profiles during preschool years are common in children with ASD".Seasons: Autumn @ Wikipedia Their naturalistic study suggested that the very early years of autism, at least some autism, and its presentation are characterised by "considerable chang........ Read more »

Hedvall A, Westerlund J, Fernell E, Holm A, Gillberg C, & Billstedt E. (2013) Autism and developmental profiles in preschoolers: stability and change over time. Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992). PMID: 24237479  

  • December 8, 2013
  • 07:34 PM
  • 153 views

Meditation can result in important gene expression changes

by Usman Paracha in SayPeople

Main Point:

Researchers have found that meditation can change our body at molecular level resulting in useful gene expression changes.

Published in:

Psychoneuroendocrinology

Study Further:

Gene expression:

Gene expression refers to the process of getting information from a gene used in the synthesis of a functional gene product such as proteins.

Present Study:

Researchers have found that eight hours of mindfulness/calmness of mind practice, i.e. meditation, results in a r........ Read more »

  • December 8, 2013
  • 10:03 AM
  • 289 views

The Stupid Stupidity Surrounding the Warrior Gene, MAOA, is Stupid

by nooffensebut in The Unsilenced Science

This is a thorough review of everything stupid ever said about the warrior gene, MAOA.... Read more »

  • December 8, 2013
  • 04:53 AM
  • 205 views

Does Nasal Oxytocin Enter The Brain?

by Neuroskeptic in Neuroskeptic_Discover

Oxytocin is hot. There are now hundreds of studies looking at the effect of this hormone on the human brain. A dose of oxytocin, delivered in the form of a nasal spray, can make people nicer towards the ostracised, reduce marijuana cravings, and ‘enhance brain function’ in autistic children – and much more, if you believe […]The post Does Nasal Oxytocin Enter The Brain? appeared first on Neuroskeptic.... Read more »

  • December 6, 2013
  • 04:14 PM
  • 298 views

Does a baby's eye gaze really predict future autism?

by Jon Brock in Cracking the Enigma

Baby's gaze may signal autism, study finds. That was the headline in the New York Times. The BBC declared that Autism signs present in first months of life. Turning the hype up to 11, a Canadian website boldly announced that Researchers prove that autism can be diagnosed right at the infant stage and that intervention is possible.Nature, the journal that published the study, ran with Autism symptoms seen in babies, summarising the findings thus:Children with autism make less ........ Read more »

  • December 6, 2013
  • 04:10 PM
  • 316 views

A BOLD signal in the hippocampus ambiguous

by Emilie Reas in Emilie Reas - Remember

When you see a red blob on an fMRI activity map, what do you think? We all know fMRI doesn’t directly measure neural activity, yet an increased BOLD (blood oxygen level dependent) response is commonly used as a proxy for elevated “brain activity”. This interpretation is, in fact, strongly supported by studies identifying a relationship […]... Read more »

  • December 6, 2013
  • 01:47 PM
  • 65 views

The Regifting Dilemma

by Psych Your Mind in Psych Your Mind

It’s the first week of December, and we’re back in another holiday gift-giving season! For a psychologist, this is an especially fun time of year because it seems like people are all trying to get inside each other’s heads. As gift-givers, we do our best to predict what others will like and appreciate the most. Maybe we purchase the latest trends or use our own talents to create a special gift for our loved ones. Sometimes the perfect match is even sitting right in our closet - a gift init........ Read more »

  • December 6, 2013
  • 09:18 AM
  • 215 views

After touching men's underwear, women take bigger risks and seek more rewards

by Christian Jarrett in BPS Research Digest

After looking at sexually arousing images, men, but not women, become more impatient for financial rewards and more willing to take financial risks. Now a study has shown that women too show these changes to their decision making if they touch "sexually laden stimuli" - in this case men's boxer shorts!  Across three studies, Anouk Festjens and her colleagues led over a hundred female undergrads to believe they were taking part in customer research for a clothing manufacturer. The women hand........ Read more »

  • December 6, 2013
  • 07:02 AM
  • 175 views

“They’re probably lining their deep pockets with ill-gotten gain”

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

For the fourth year in a row we have been honored with recognition from the ABA via inclusion in their 2013 list of the Top 100 legal blogs in the country. We work hard to blog consistently even when inundated with work and would appreciate your vote for us at the Blawg 100 site under the […]

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When it comes to corporate fraud in America, men are almost always to blame
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When are jurors more apt to blame the ........ Read more »

Biggerstaff, L.,, Cicero, D., & Puckett, A. (2013) Unethical culture, suspect CEOs and corporate misbehavior. . SSRN Electronic Journal. DOI: 10.3386/w19261  

  • December 6, 2013
  • 12:39 AM
  • 259 views

What Do You Do When the Traffic Light Turns Yellow?

by Eric Horowitz in peer-reviewed by my neurons

It’s possible that self-driving cars will obviate the need to ask questions about human decision-making behind the wheel, but until that happens there’s a lot of utility in figuring out why drivers drive in a certain way. Along these lines, a new study from a Alberto Megías and his collaborators at the University of Granada poses […]... Read more »

Megías, A., Di Stasi, L.L., Maldonado, A., Catena, A., & Cándido, A. (2013) Emotion-laden stimuli influence our reactions to traffic lights. Transportation Research Part F. DOI: 10.1016/j.trf.2013.09.017  

  • December 6, 2013
  • 12:05 AM
  • 178 views

To Move or Not to Move: Kinesiophobia in the ACL Deficient Patient Before and After Reconstruction

by Lauren Miller in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Non-copers have higher levels of kinesiophobia before an ACL reconstruction and larger overall decreases in kinesiophobia following surgery compared with potential copers. There was no relationship between kinesiophobia and functional ability (e.g., quadriceps strength, hop tests).... Read more »

Hartigan EH, Lynch AD, Logerstedt DS, Chmielewski TL, & Snyder-Mackler L. (2013) Kinesiophobia after anterior cruciate ligament rupture and reconstruction: noncopers versus potential copers. The Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, 43(11), 821-32. PMID: 24175594  

  • December 5, 2013
  • 03:13 PM
  • 130 views

“Seeing” in the Dark, No Superhero Powers Necessary

by amikulak in Daily Observations

Close the doors, cover the windows, seal any cracks — the room is now pitch black. You can’t see anything…or can you? New research from psychological scientists at the University […]... Read more »

Dieter, K.C., Hu, B., Knill, D.C., Blake, R., & Tadin, D. (2013) Kinesthesis can make an invisible hand visible. Psychological Science. DOI: 10.1177/0956797613497968  

  • December 5, 2013
  • 02:35 PM
  • 179 views

Leaky mice guts, bacteria and autism (part 2)

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

So, leaky gut, the gut microbiota and the immune system in relation to autism then? Maybe not so 'on the fringe' as you might have thought.Readers are asked to consider this entry an extension of the post I published last year (see here) talking about some very interesting research coming out of the laboratory of Prof. Paul Patterson at CalTech. If you need any sort of background, Prof. Patterson and his team have for quite a while been investigating the concept of maternal immune activation (MI........ Read more »

Elaine Y. Hsiao, Sara W. McBride, Sophia Hsien, Gil Sharon, Embriette R. Hyde, Tyler McCue, Julian A. Codelli, Janet Chow, Sarah E. Reisman, Joseph F. Petrosino.... (2013) Microbiota Modulate Behavioral and Physiological Abnormalities Associated with Neurodevelopmental Disorders. Cell. DOI: 10.1016/j.cell.2013.11.024  

  • December 5, 2013
  • 05:28 AM
  • 215 views

The science of how we talk to ourselves in our heads

by Christian Jarrett in BPS Research Digest

Studying the ways people talk to themselves in their own minds is incredibly tricky because as soon as you ask them about it, you're likely interfering with the process you want to investigate. As William James said, some forms of introspective analysis are like "… trying to turn up the gas quickly enough to see how the darkness looks."For many years Russell Hurlbert and his colleagues have used a technique that they believe offers the best way to study what they call "pristine" inner speaking........ Read more »

Hurlburt RT, Heavey CL, & Kelsey JM. (2013) Toward a phenomenology of inner speaking. Consciousness and cognition, 22(4), 1477-94. PMID: 24184987  

  • December 5, 2013
  • 01:15 AM
  • 200 views

Atheism, Openness to Experience and Dogmatism: A Puzzling Relationship

by Scott McGreal in Eye on Psych

Although openness to experience is usually associated with decreased dogmatism, a new study found that among atheists greater openness is associated with greater dogmatism. ... Read more »

  • December 4, 2013
  • 08:30 AM
  • 263 views

Do Dogs Or Hand-Reared Wolves Pay More Attention to People?

by CAPB in Companion Animal Psychology Blog

Theories about the domestication of dogs often say they have evolved to pay more attention to humans than their wolf forebears. But the experimental evidence tends to only look at dogs. A new study by Friederike Range (University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna) and Szófia Virányi (Wolf Science Centre) compares the abilities of dogs and hand-reared wolves to utilize observations of human or dog behaviour to find food.Photo: Holly Kuchera / ShutterstockEleven wolves and fourteen do........ Read more »

Horowitz, A, Hecht, J, & Dedrick, A. (2013) Smelling more or less: Investigating the olfactory experience of the domestic dog. Learning and Motivation, 44(4), 207-217. info:/http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lmot.2013.02.002

Range, F., & Viranyi, S. (2013) Social learning from humans or conspecifics: differences and similarities between wolves and dogs. Frontiers in Psychology. info:/10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00868

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