Nursing must be one of the most stressful professions. Not only are the hours long and the work challenging, many nurses are exposed routinely to patient suffering and death. A new study conducted in Italy finds that nurses appear to cope by seeing themselves and their patients as less than fully human.Elena Trifiletti and her colleagues surveyed 108 nurses (54 men; age range 31 to 50). The nurses answered questions about their experience of stress. They also rated how much patients and nurses e........ Read more »
Trifiletti, E., Di Bernardo, G., Falvo, R., & Capozza, D. (2014) Patients are not fully human: a nurse's coping response to stress. Journal of Applied Social Psychology. DOI: 10.1111/jasp.12267
by amikulak in Daily Observations
If you’ve ever watched the T.V. show Monk, you know that obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is characterized by a fixation on certain thoughts and a need to engage in repetitive behaviors, […]... Read more »
D'Olimpio, F., & Mancini, F. (2014) Role of Deontological Guilt in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder-Like Checking and Washing Behaviors. Clinical Psychological Science. DOI: 10.1177/2167702614529549
I may teach in the 21st century, but I like my classroom technology-free: no smartphones, and not even any laptops or iPads for students to take notes on. Naturally, some 21st century students object to these luddite tendencies. And if I could just get them to listen to the great new research on laptops, perhaps I could persuade them that leaving the laptops in the dorm will be better in the long run.... Read more »
Fried, C. B. (2008) In-class laptop use and its effects on student learning. Computers , 50(3), 906-914. DOI: 10.1016/j.compedu.2006.09.006
Mueller, P., & Oppenheimer, D. (2014) The Pen Is Mightier Than the Keyboard: Advantages of Longhand Over Laptop Note Taking. Psychological Science, 25(6), 1159-1168. DOI: 10.1177/0956797614524581
I note that the recent paper by Frank Duffy and colleagues  (open-access here) seems to be receiving quite a bit of interest, and their suggestion that corticosteroid therapy might be something to look at more scientifically when it comes to some cases of regressive autism. The fact that the Duffy paper also got it's own commentary  made me think that this is something I should be discussing on this blog.So, a few details about the Duffy paper bearing in mind it is open-access:Well, f........ Read more »
Duffy FH, Shankardass A, McAnulty GB, Eksioglu YZ, Coulter D, Rotenberg A, & Als H. (2014) Corticosteroid therapy in regressive autism: a retrospective study of effects on the Frequency Modulated Auditory Evoked Response (FMAER), language, and behavior. BMC neurology, 14(1), 70. PMID: 24885033
by Pranita Sohony in Workout Trends
“Twinkle Twinkle Little Star, How I wonder what you are? Up above the diamond….the world…sky….” [Long Pause] [Sobbing] [Curtains close] And your child comes running to you only to hug you and cry incessantly, leaving you disappointed. Are you sorry and lost? Would this have made you happy…? Alternate scenario: “Twinkle Twinkle Little Star, How […]
The post Mindfulness For Kids – Is It A Good Idea? appeared first on .
... Read more »
Brown, K., & Ryan, R. (2003) The benefits of being present: Mindfulness and its role in psychological well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84(4), 822-848. DOI: 10.1037/0022-35184.108.40.2062
Lee, J., Semple, R., Rosa, D., & Miller, L. (2008) Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Children: Results of a Pilot Study. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, 22(1), 15-28. DOI: 10.1891/0889.83220.127.116.11
Narcissists are apparently growing in number. These are people who put their own interests first, constantly showing off, and taking credit where it's not deserved. You might know someone like this - perhaps your boss, or even your romantic partner. If so, a new study offers hope. Apparently narcissists can be taught to be more empathic.Erica Hepper and her colleagues first confirmed that narcissistic traits go hand in hand with low empathy. They surveyed nearly 300 people online, most........ Read more »
Where is it?
HPA axis activation, proceeding from the hypothalamus to the pituitary gland to the adrenal glands.
The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, or HPA axis as it is commonly called, describes the interaction between the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, and adrenal glands. The hypothalamus and pituitary gland are located just above the brainstem, while the adrenal glands are found on top of the kidneys.What is it and what does it........ Read more »
Depression has always been a bit of a taboo in society. It’s a condition that to some implies mental weakness or a failure to ‘cope’ with the trials of life, to others it represents a daily struggle. So, is this social branding fair? Are these people victims of their own failure or victims of a debilitating illness? With depression affecting 1 in 10 people at some point in their lives this is something of a phenomena. Instances of depression have recently been correlated to the........ Read more »
Holahan, C., & Moos, R. (1991) Life stressors, personal and social resources, and depression: A 4-year structural model. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 100(1), 31-38. DOI: 10.1037//0021-843X.100.1.31
We take a closer look at a recent paper that claims that hurricanes given female-sounding names cause more damage than "himmicanes" (hurricanes given male-sounding names) due to public underestimation of risk associated with name gender.... Read more »
Jung Kiju, Shavitt Sharon, Viswanathan Madhu, & Hilbe Joseph M. (2014) Female hurricanes are deadlier than male hurricanes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1402786111
by amikulak in Daily Observations
While the birth of a new baby is usually an exciting time for parents, for half a million American mothers each year, childbirth is followed by the onset of postpartum […]... Read more »
Cheadle, A., Dunkel Schetter, C., Gaines Lanzi, R., Reed Vance, M., Sahadeo, L., Shalowitz, M., , ., Vance, M., Minkovitz, C., O'Campo, P.... (2014) Spiritual and Religious Resources in African American Women: Protection From Depressive Symptoms After Childbirth. Clinical Psychological Science. DOI: 10.1177/2167702614531581
Researchers at Facebook, Inc., the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) and Cornell University teamed up to study whether manipulating the News Feeds of Facebook users would affect the emotional content of the users' status updates or postings. They recently published their findings in the PNAS paper "Experimental evidence of massive-scale emotional contagion through social networks" and suggest that they have found evidence of an "emotional contagion", i.e. t........ Read more »
Kramer, A., Guillory, J., & Hancock, J. (2014) Experimental evidence of massive-scale emotional contagion through social networks. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1320040111
Does cruelty to animals as a child predict interpersonal violence in adulthood?Photo: Rita Kochmarjova / ShutterstockNew research by Kelly Knight, Colter Ellis and Sara Simmons (Sam Houston State University) investigates how many children are cruel to animals and whether it persists through generations. The study is especially valuable because it uses a sample that is representative of the US population and tracks families over the years.There are two main theories about childhood cruelty to ani........ Read more »
Knight KE, Ellis C, & Simmons SB. (2014) Parental Predictors of Children's Animal Abuse: Findings From a National and Intergenerational Sample. Journal of interpersonal violence. PMID: 24777142
When you're drowsy, new research shows that what's happening on your left often sounds to you as though it's happening on your right. Perhaps that's why it can be so tricky to land a punch on the alarm clock in the morning!Corinne Bareham and her team asked 26 healthy volunteers (17 women; all right-handers) to relax in a comfortable reclining chair, to close their eyes, and listen to a series of tones. The tones occurred either on the left or right side of space, some further from the centre th........ Read more »
Bareham, C., Manly, T., Pustovaya, O., Scott, S., & Bekinschtein, T. (2014) Losing the left side of the world: Rightward shift in human spatial attention with sleep onset. Scientific Reports. DOI: 10.1038/srep05092
Few people are capable of speaking spontaneously without, er, you know, pausing and using filler words every now and again. However, we all differ in the extent to which we do this, and now a study by US researchers has examined how use of filler words varies according to age, gender and personality.Charlyn Laserna and her colleagues used recordings of everyday speech collected from hundreds of participants in earlier studies performed between 2003 and 2013. They specifically looked at utterance........ Read more »
Laserna, C., Seih, Y., & Pennebaker, J. (2014) Um . . . Who Like Says You Know: Filler Word Use as a Function of Age, Gender, and Personality. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 33(3), 328-338. DOI: 10.1177/0261927X14526993
I promise you that I'm not getting too obsessed with the sunshine vitamin/hormone that is vitamin D despite chatter about it appearing with growing frequency on this blog. It's just that nearly every day now one or more of my research alerts seems to turn up some new study suggesting that we really should be looking at vitamin D with greater assiduity with regards to a whole range of issues. By saying that I would also reiterate the timeless classic: correlation does not equal causation jus........ Read more »
Anglin RE, Samaan Z, Walter SD, & McDonald SD. (2013) Vitamin D deficiency and depression in adults: systematic review and meta-analysis. The British journal of psychiatry : the journal of mental science, 100-7. PMID: 23377209
Geteiltes Leid ist halbes Leid ("Shared sorrow is half the sorrow") is a popular German proverb which refers to the importance of sharing bad news and troubling experiences with others. The therapeutic process of sharing takes on many different forms: we may take comfort in the fact that others have experienced similar forms of sorrow, we are often reassured by the empathy and encouragement we receive from friends, and even the mere process of narrating the details of what is troubling........ Read more »
High, A., Oeldorf-Hirsch, A., & Bellur, S. (2014) Misery rarely gets company: The influence of emotional bandwidth on supportive communication on Facebook. Computers in Human Behavior, 79-88. DOI: 10.1016/j.chb.2014.01.037
"These results provide the first direct evidence of elevated fetal steroidogenic activity in autism". Such were the sentiments of the paper by Simon Baron-Cohen and colleagues  (open-access) looking at amniotic fluid samples for the presence of various sex steroid levels: Progesterone, 17α-Hydroxy-progesterone, Androstenedione, Testosterone and Cortisol. Most compounds are found in the Δ4 pathway. Suffice to say that the media kinda liked the press release for this study (see here) and the ........ Read more »
Blasphemous artworks highlight the tension between support for free speech and the desire not to offend. A recent study on attitudes towards censorship highlights a double standard among non-religious people when it comes to offending Muslims versus Christians, that may be indicative of a wider social problem in current Western society. ... Read more »
Dunkel CS, & Hillard EE. (2014) Blasphemy or art: what art should be censored and who wants to censor it?. The Journal of psychology, 148(1), 1-21. PMID: 24617268
One of the more recent discoveries of neuroscience is that when you stare into space, gather wool, daydream, or otherwise let your mind wander, the “default-mode network” of your brain starts to rev up into high gear. This network has quite naturally captured the fancy of meditation researchers: meditation is a practice of being mindfully present, with little if any mind wandering. So if meditators succeed in suppressing mind wandering, what does that mean they have done to the defau........ Read more »
Brewer JA, Worhunsky PD, Gray JR, Tang YY, Weber J, & Kober H. (2011) Meditation experience is associated with differences in default mode network activity and connectivity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 108(50), 20254-9. PMID: 22114193
by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room
We’ve written about women and leadership before. While some new research shows female leaders handle stress more effectively than male leaders, we’re not going to write about that one today. Instead, here is a report on a study showing some other good news: women are no longer punished for behaving assertively in a leadership role! […]
This is what a good leader does not look like
Everyday racism at work: Hope for African American Women?
“It was ‘a man’s work’........ Read more »
Bongiorno, R., Bain, P., & David, B. (2013) If you're going to be a leader, at least act like it! Prejudice towards women who are tentative in leader roles. British Journal of Social Psychology. DOI: 10.1111/bjso.12032
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