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  • August 14, 2015
  • 04:35 AM

Study uncovers dramatic cross-cultural differences in babies' sitting ability

by BPS Research Digest in BPS Research Digest

Paediatricians' offices are often adorned with a developmental milestone chart for infants, and they always show the same "normal" age-typical progression, from sitting to crawling to walking. But these expectations (e.g. 25 per cent of infants achieve independent sitting by 5.5 months) are rather misleading because they're derived solely from research on Western babies conducted back in the 1930s and 1940s. A new study, published recently in the Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, aimed to br........ Read more »

Karasik, L., Tamis-LeMonda, C., Adolph, K., & Bornstein, M. (2015) Places and Postures: A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Sitting in 5-Month-Olds. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 46(8), 1023-1038. DOI: 10.1177/0022022115593803  

  • August 14, 2015
  • 04:25 AM

Coenzyme Q10 and NADH supplementation for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome continued

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

In a previous post on this blog I briefly discussed the research paper from Jesus Castro-Marrero and colleagues [1] suggesting that "oral CoQ10 [Coenzyme Q10] (200 mg/day) plus NADH [nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH)] (20 mg/day) supplementation" might be something useful for some people diagnosed with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS).Enter then a new paper from Castro-Marrero and colleagues [2] (open-access available here) building on the original fin........ Read more »

  • August 13, 2015
  • 11:25 AM

How To Be a Better Person: Awe Yourself

by Jeremiah Stanghini in Jeremiah Stanghini

Research published earlier this year seems to indicate that when we’re “awed,” we’re more likely to engage in prosocial or altrusitic behaviour. The researchers conducted five different studies: Individuals higher in dispositional tendencies to experience awe exhibited more generosity in an … Continue reading →... Read more »

Piff PK, Dietze P, Feinberg M, Stancato DM, & Keltner D. (2015) Awe, the small self, and prosocial behavior. Journal of personality and social psychology, 108(6), 883-99. PMID: 25984788  

  • August 13, 2015
  • 02:53 AM

Psychiatric comorbidity accompanying irritable bowel syndrome

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

OK, a few choice words to start: the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD), nationwide cohort study, large participant numbers.That's right. Yet again Taiwan continues to give when it comes to research based on that very useful national health insurance program. Regular readers will already know that I'm a fan of this resource. This time around the results come in the form of the paper published by Yao-Tung Lee and colleagues [1] (open-access) who suggested that: "Clinicians s........ Read more »

  • August 12, 2015
  • 12:54 PM

Cognitive decision making as the collapse of a quantum superstate

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

Decision making in an enormous range of tasks involves the accumulation of evidence in support of different hypotheses. One of the enduring models of evidence accumulation is the Markov random walk (MRW) theory, which assigns a probability to each hypothesis. In an MRW model of decision making, when deciding between two hypotheses, the cumulative evidence for and against each hypothesis reaches different levels at different times, moving particle-like from state to state and only occupying a sin........ Read more »

  • August 12, 2015
  • 08:30 AM

Proof the Internet helps Cat Adoptions

by CAPB in Companion Animal Psychology Blog

And that toys are important in photographs of adoptable cats.We all assume that internet photos and adverts play an important role in pet adoption these days, and now it’s possible to put a figure on it, at least for cats. 82.5% of people who adopted a cat from a shelter in Western New York said Petfinder strongly or moderately influenced their adoption. The length of time cats waited for adoption varied from 1 to 126 days. Cats whose Petfinder profiles were clicked more than once a day were t........ Read more »

  • August 12, 2015
  • 05:04 AM

Experts are especially prone to claiming they know more than they do

by BPS Research Digest in BPS Research Digest

Experts often exhibit "overclaiming" –believing they know things that they don't.If you consider yourself a science buff, see if any of these terms seem familiar: meta-toxin, bio-sexual, retroplex. Ringing any bells? If so, you may be surprised to hear that these terms are entirely made-up. They are “trap items” invented to study overclaiming, the claiming of knowledge you could not possibly possess. If you overclaimed, you’re not alone; one early study showed as many as one in five........ Read more »

  • August 12, 2015
  • 03:28 AM

Patients with psychiatric disorders who request euthanasia

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

I'll freely admit that the paper by Lieve Thienpont and colleagues [1] (open-access available here) made me feel rather uncomfortable. With the objective of identifying "patterns in euthanasia requests and practices relating to psychiatric patients", authors detailed the experiences of 100 Belgian patients requesting euthanasia - 'the act of deliberately ending a person's life to relieve suffering' - through a retrospective case note review. Euthanasia is legal in Belgium under certain........ Read more »

  • August 11, 2015
  • 06:42 PM

Intelligence: What it Means to You

by Winston Sieck in Thinker Academy

What does intelligence mean to you? Do you believe you were born with a “smartness score” that’s set for life? Or is intelligence something you can build and grow? Say, by improving your study skills? Now, ask yourself another question – why do you believe that? Where did your ideas about the nature of intelligence…
Check out Intelligence: What it Means to You, an original post on Thinker Academy.
... Read more »

  • August 11, 2015
  • 06:47 AM

What does your selfie reveal about your personality?

by BPS Research Digest in BPS Research Digest

People who pull selfie "duck faces" are seenas lazy and emotionally unstableThe rise of the selfie (and its widespread use on social media) has given people more control than ever over the impression they present to the world. But to date, without any scientific testing, the choices people make about how to present themselves are presumably based on instinct. Now that can change (maybe).Lin Qiu and his colleagues recruited 123 users of the popular Chinese Sina Weibo microblogging website (simila........ Read more »

Qiu, L., Lu, J., Yang, S., Qu, W., & Zhu, T. (2015) What does your selfie say about you?. Computers in Human Behavior, 443-449. DOI: 10.1016/j.chb.2015.06.032  

  • August 11, 2015
  • 03:44 AM

Schizophrenia and CRP meta-analysed

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

"CRP [C-reactive protein] levels were moderately increased in persons with SZ [schizophrenia] regardless of the use of antipsychotics and did not change between the first episode of psychosis and with progression of SZ."That was the conclusion reached by Fernandes and colleagues [1] as part of their meta-analysis "of all cross-sectional studies of serum and plasma CRP levels in SZ compared to healthy subjects."CRP, just in case you didn't know, is one of the molecules of........ Read more »

  • August 10, 2015
  • 09:59 AM

What is it like to be a refugee with psychosis?

by BPS Research Digest in BPS Research Digest

Refugees awaiting identification at Catania Harbor, April 2015We're in the midst of a "migrant crisis" as tens of thousands of brave, desperate people seek new lives in Europe, risking life and limb to get here. Amidst the tragedy and controversy, the continued plight of those people who actually make it to relative safety is often forgotten. Unsurprisingly, given all they've endured, refugees often have serious mental health problems, including hallucinations. As an indicator, research publishe........ Read more »

  • August 10, 2015
  • 07:02 AM

Simple Jury Persuasion: Do you follow your head or your heart?  

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

And….do you think I can now guess your opinion on abortion? And brain death? It’s like a dream-state voir dire question. Today’s researchers used 8 different studies to explore the relationship between participants identifying with either the head or the heart and the participants’ positions on various hot-button issues. It’s a question that has been […]

Related posts:
Simple Jury Persuasion: When your Muslim female client wears a head-covering
Simple Jury Persuasion: Tilt your........ Read more »

Adam, H, Obodaru, O, & Galinsky, AD. (2015) Who you are is where you are: Antecedents and con sequencing of locating the self in the brain or the heart. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 74-83. info:/

  • August 10, 2015
  • 02:27 AM

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome following atopy?

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

Regular readers might already know that I'm a bit of a fan of the various data coming out of Taiwan based on interrogation of the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD). If it's not the possibility of a connection between asthma and various behavioural outcomes (see here) confirmed by other independent research (see here), it's the idea that something like enterovirus encephalitis in its most severe form might link into something like attention-deficit hyperactivity disord........ Read more »

  • August 9, 2015
  • 03:03 PM

Music and the mind: Can music help people with epilepsy?

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

The brains of people with epilepsy appear to react to music differently from the brains of those who do not have the disorder, a finding that could lead to new therapies to prevent seizures, according to research.... Read more »

Christine Charyton et al. (2015) Music and the Brain: Can music help people with epilepsy?. American Psychological Association. info:/Other

  • August 8, 2015
  • 04:44 PM

Men and Women Have Different Preferences in Mates

by Marie Benz in Interview with: Daniel Conroy-Beam Department of Psychology University of Texas at Austin Austin, TX Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Response: The main finding is that sex differences in mate preferences … Continue reading →
The post Men and Women Have Different Preferences in Mates appeared first on Medical Research Interviews and News.
... Read more »

Daniel Conroy-Beam. (2015) Men and Women Have Different Preferences in Mates. info:/

  • August 8, 2015
  • 04:37 PM

Good for the relationship: A reframing of sexting

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

The practice of sexting may be more common than generally thought among adults. More than eight out of 10 people surveyed online admitted to sexting in the prior year, according to new research.... Read more »

Gordon-Messer, D., Bauermeister, J., Grodzinski, A., & Zimmerman, M. (2013) Sexting Among Young Adults. Journal of Adolescent Health, 52(3), 301-306. DOI: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2012.05.013  

  • August 8, 2015
  • 02:20 AM

Optimal outcome and the autism spectrum: implications for the risk of psychiatric comorbidity?

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

"The minority of the AS [Asperger syndrome] group who no longer met criteria for a full diagnosis of an autism spectrum disorder were usually free of current psychiatric comorbidity."That was one of the details reported by I. Carina Gillberg and colleagues [1] continuing their longitudinal look at a group of males diagnosed with Asperger syndrome and participants' experiences as a function of their presented symptoms and risk of other comorbidity.Titled 'Boys with Asperger Sy........ Read more »

  • August 7, 2015
  • 02:27 PM

Switching mouse neural stem cells to a primate-like behavior

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

When the right gene is expressed in the right manner in the right population of stem cells, the developing mouse brain can exhibit primate-like features. Researchers at the Max Planck Institute of Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics (MPI-CBG) succeeded in mimicking the sustained expression of the transcription factor Pax6 as seen in the developing human brain, in mouse cortical progenitor cells. This altered the behavior of these cells to one that is akin to that of progenitors in the developing........ Read more »

Fong Kuan Wong, Ji-Feng Fei, Felipe Mora-Bermúdez, Elena Taverna, Christiane Haffner, Jun Fu, Konstantinos Anastassiadis, A. Francis Stewart, & Wieland B. Huttner. (2015) Sustained Pax6 Expression Generates Primate-like Basal Radial Glia in Developing Mouse Neocortex. PLOS Biology. info:/10.1371/journal.pbio.1002217

  • August 7, 2015
  • 01:00 PM

Excessive workout supplement use: An emerging eating disorder in men?

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

In an effort to build better bodies, more men are turning not to illegal anabolic steroids, but to legal over-the-counter bodybuilding supplements to the point where it may qualify as an emerging eating disorder, according to research presented at the American Psychological Association’s annual convention.... Read more »

Richard Achiro et al. (2015) Excessive Workout Supplement Use: An Emerging Eating Disorder in Men. American Psychological Association. info:/Other

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