Upon discovering the podcast of a young pro-princess and pro-science podcaster, I reflect upon several studies on gender, toys and stereotypes - including a new one on picture books and the depiction of males and females.... Read more »
Fitzpatrick, M., & McPherson, B. (2009) Coloring Within the Lines: Gender Stereotypes in Contemporary Coloring Books. Sex Roles, 62(1-2), 127-137. DOI: 10.1007/s11199-009-9703-8
Ever had that wonderful, timeless feeling that arises when you're absorbed in a challenging task, one that stretches your abilities but doesn't exceed them? Pioneering psychologist Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi called this state 'flow'. Countless studies have shown that flow is highly rewarding and usually provokes feelings of joy afterwards. Little researched until now, however, is the idea of 'social flow', which can arise when a group of people are absorbed together in a challenging task. In a new ........ Read more »
Walker, C. (2010) Experiencing flow: Is doing it together better than doing it alone?. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 5(1), 3-11. DOI: 10.1080/17439760903271116
I went through this little gift from Uri Alon: its essay appeared in Molecular Cell which aims to conjugate psychological principles to the every-day lab routine for improving motivation. How Uri Alon improves the motivation of his lab? He try to balance three fundamental needs of any scientist: competence, autonomy and social connectedness, for instance:I make our weekly group meeting an event that enhances social connectedness. The first half hour of the two hour meeting is devoted to nonscien........ Read more »
The emotion awe is little studied, but is unique and perhaps exceptionally important because of its ability to induce accommodation - a state which creates flexibility in values and beliefs. Awe, simply put, facilitates personal change and growth. Awe also is an emotion associated with the negation of self, and the regulation of the self in the presence of negation might affect the ability to cope with and heal trauma.
In their article, The nature of awe: Elicitors, appraisals, and effects on........ Read more »
Shiota, M., Keltner, D., & Mossman, A. (2007) The nature of awe: Elicitors, appraisals, and effects on self-concept. Cognition , 21(5), 944-963. DOI: 10.1080/02699930600923668
Keltner, D., & Haidt, J. (2003) Approaching awe, a moral, spiritual, and aesthetic emotion. Cognition , 17(2), 297-314. DOI: 10.1080/02699930302297
It's interesting how the public's impression of dyslexia differs from the impressions of researchers in the field. I recently read an article by Vidyasagar and Pammer arguing that dyslexia is a visual deficit. To the general public, this claim seems obvious because most people believe that people with dyslexia see things backwards.
Many dyslexia researchers, however, will find this claim
... Read more »
Vidyasagar, T., & Pammer, K. (2010) Dyslexia: a deficit in visuo-spatial attention, not in phonological processing. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 14(2), 57-63. DOI: 10.1016/j.tics.2009.12.003
Pregnant Mom Alert #523: Clear out your cosmetics. Ditch the deodorant. Trash your toiletries. Contact your Congressperson.Phthalates, again! In your beauty regime. Seems they harm your unborn baby's developing brain eventually turning them into aggressive, surly kids, maybe even criminals. So says a Mount Sinai study published online in this month's Environmental Health Perspectives, sure to alarm even the more placid of pregnant folk. After measuring phthalates in the urine of pregn........ Read more »
Engel, S., Miodovnik, A., Canfield, R., Zhu, C., Silva, M., Calafat, A., & Wolff, M. (2010) Prenatal Phthalate Exposure is Associated with Childhood Behavior and Executive Functioning. Environmental Health Perspectives. DOI: 10.1289/ehp.0901470
A recent blog post at National Public Radio’s “Cosmos And Culture” by astrophysicist Adam Frank has raised my hackles. The post, titled “The Evolution Debate Is Over; It's Time To Move Forward,” argues that “it's time to put the prejudices that drag down discussion between science and the domains of human spiritual endeavor aside.”
... Read more »
There are two main kinds of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) - the ones that involve actually doing stuff, and the ones that don't.Things like herbal medicine, chiropractic, and acupuncture could plausibly make someone better, as more than just a placebo, given what we know about physics and chemistry, because they involve physically acting on the body. I don't claim to know whether they do in fact work, but in theory, they could.Other CAM techniques, however, are just magic. Homeopa........ Read more »
Shang, A., Huwiler-Müntener, K., Nartey, L., Jüni, P., Dörig, S., Sterne, J., Pewsner, D., & Egger, M. (2005) Are the clinical effects of homoeopathy placebo effects? Comparative study of placebo-controlled trials of homoeopathy and allopathy. The Lancet, 366(9487), 726-732. DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(05)67177-2
How many of you have headed off to ‘Therapy Worksheets’ blog? Yes, that’s the one I’ve linked to in my roundup of the best CBT resources on the internet. Will Baum, the editor of that blog is also the author of where the client is, a blog about professional private practice in mental health care. [...]... Read more »
YUNUS, M. (2007) Fibromyalgia and Overlapping Disorders: The Unifying Concept of Central Sensitivity Syndromes. Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism, 36(6), 339-356. DOI: 10.1016/j.semarthrit.2006.12.009
Let me be frank; I think “The conjunction fallacy and interference effects” (ungated version) is a horrible misuse of math and indicates an embarrassing failure of peer review.
The author, Riccardo Franco, introduces a parameter that does doesn’t have any foundation in the phenomena it is trying to explain, nor is it shown to aid in [...]... Read more »
Yesterday a couple of colleagues were talking about balance in life, and making it plain that they think people who spend a lot of time and energy on their work are sad. Their opinion? Work is the means to pay for your ‘real’ life, to spend more on working means less on what is really [...]... Read more »
MCCRACKEN, L., & VOWLES, K. (2007) Psychological Flexibility and Traditional Pain Management Strategies in Relation to Patient Functioning With Chronic Pain: An Examination of a Revised Instrument. The Journal of Pain, 8(9), 700-707. DOI: 10.1016/j.jpain.2007.04.008
GUTIERREZ, O., LUCIANO, C., RODRIGUEZ, M., & FINK, B. (2004) Comparison between an acceptance-based and a cognitive-control-based protocol for coping with pain*. Behavior Therapy, 35(4), 767-783. DOI: 10.1016/S0005-7894(04)80019-4
Welcome to the third part (of 4) of the current series on navigation. For a review, you can go read about path integration in the desert ant, and also read about navigation in the gerbil.
The question for today is: is path integration innate, or is it learned (even if only minimal experience is required)?
Let us [...]... Read more »
U. von Saint Paul. (1982) Do Geese Use Path Integration for Walking Home?. F. Papi , 296-307. info:/
Altruistic behavior is one of the great unsolved problems of social science research. What I find particularly fascinating is the huge effect that very subtle cues can exhibit on people's giving behavior...or not so subtle cues, like when you're made to feel God might be watching you...... Read more »
Shariff, A., & Norenzayan, A. (2007) God Is Watching You: Priming God Concepts Increases Prosocial Behavior in an Anonymous Economic Game. Psychological Science, 18(9), 803-809. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9280.2007.01983.x
HALEY, K., & FESSLER, D. (2005) Nobody's watching?Subtle cues affect generosity in an anonymous economic game. Evolution and Human Behavior, 26(3), 245-256. DOI: 10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2005.01.002
The vivid, intrusive visual images that are a hallmark of post-traumatic disorder (PTSD) are based on a separate memory system from intrusive verbal thoughts. That's according to a new study that claims to provide empirical support for psychologist Chris Brewin's dual-representation theory of PTSD.Brewin's theory posits two memory systems, one that's largely sensation-based, inflexible and automatically accessed and another that's more deliberately accessible, containing material that is context........ Read more »
Hagenaars, M., Brewin, C., van Minnen, A., Holmes, E., & Hoogduin, K. (2010) Intrusive images and intrusive thoughts as different phenomena: Two experimental studies. Memory, 18(1), 76-84. DOI: 10.1080/09658210903476522
It is a long-standing argument among religious believers that religiosity were necessary for morality. In a recent Trends in Cognitive Sciences article (requires subscription), Pyysiäinen and Hauser argue that morality can arise and indeed can be found without and before any religious education and thus religion is a by-product of pre-existing cognitive properties of the brain. Indeed, religion is not ubiquitous, as for instance the Hadza's religion has been described as 'minimal', and yet, coo........ Read more »
Ilkka Pyysiäinen, & Marc Hauser. (2010) The origins of religion: evolved adaptation or by-product?. Trends in Cognitive Sciences. info:/10.1016/j.tics.2009.12.007
Some people just won’t do well with pain management. In just the same way as a surgeon selects good candidates for surgery, so people need to be selected for self management. Although there is some truth that getting even a little pain management is good for everyone, the cost of doing so in staff energy [...]... Read more »
Foster, N., Thomas, E., Bishop, A., Dunn, K., & Main, C. (2009) Distinctiveness of psychological obstacles to recovery in low back pain patients in primary care. Pain. DOI: 10.1016/j.pain.2009.11.002
McCracken, L., & Zhao-O’Brien, J. (2010) General psychological acceptance and chronic pain: There is more to accept than the pain itself. European Journal of Pain, 14(2), 170-175. DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpain.2009.03.004
I decided to examine the full extent of scholarly literature supporting (or not) the use of virtual worlds for education and training. It's not a long list.... Read more »
DELUCIA, A., FRANCESE, R., PASSERO, I., & TORTORA, G. (2009) Development and evaluation of a virtual campus on Second Life: The case of SecondDMI. Computers , 52(1), 220-233. DOI: 10.1016/j.compedu.2008.08.001
Jarmon, L., Traphagan, T., Mayrath, M., & Trivedi, A. (2009) Virtual world teaching, experiential learning, and assessment: An interdisciplinary communication course in Second Life. Computers , 53(1), 169-182. DOI: 10.1016/j.compedu.2009.01.010
Jamaludin, A., Chee, Y., & Ho, C. (2009) Fostering argumentative knowledge construction through enactive role play in Second Life. Computers , 53(2), 317-329. DOI: 10.1016/j.compedu.2009.02.009
Lester, P.M. . (2009) Analog vs. Digital Instruction and Learning: Teaching Within First and Second Life Environments. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 14(3), 457. info:/10.1111/j.1083-6101.2009.01449.x
Good, J., Howland, K., & Thackray, L. (2008) Problem-based learning spanning real and virtual words: a case study in Second Life. ALT-J, 16(3), 163-172. DOI: 10.1080/09687760802526681
Edirisingha, P., Nie, M., Pluciennik, M., & Young, R. (2009) Socialisation for learning at a distance in a 3-D multi-user virtual environment. British Journal of Educational Technology, 40(3), 458-479. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-8535.2009.00962.x
Herold, D. (2010) Mediating Media Studies – Stimulating critical awareness in a virtual environment. Computers , 54(3), 791-798. DOI: 10.1016/j.compedu.2009.10.019
McVey, M. (2008) Observations of expert communicators in immersive virtual worlds: implications for synchronous discussion. ALT-J, 16(3), 173-180. DOI: 10.1080/09687760802526673
Livingstone, D., Kemp, J., & Edgar, E. (2008) From Multi-User Virtual Environment to 3D Virtual Learning Environment. ALT-J, 16(3), 139-150. DOI: 10.1080/09687760802526707
Dickey, M. (2005) Three-dimensional virtual worlds and distance learning: two case studies of Active Worlds as a medium for distance education. British Journal of Educational Technology, 36(3), 439-451. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-8535.2005.00477.x
A take-away restaurant near my house offers customers free home delivery or a ten per cent discount if you pick up. It sounds much better than saying you get no discount for picking up and suffer a ten per cent fee for delivery – this is the power of ‘framing’. Now David Hardisty and colleagues have dug a little deeper into framing, to show first, that these kinds of effects can interact with people's political persuasion, and second, that they can act by altering the order of people's tho........ Read more »
Hardisty, D., Johnson, E., & Weber, E. (2009) A Dirty Word or a Dirty World?: Attribute Framing, Political Affiliation, and Query Theory. Psychological Science, 21(1), 86-92. DOI: 10.1177/0956797609355572
Both the hidden and informal curriculum take place after or next to the theoretical teaching, the formal teaching and has an important part in the shaping of the medical students’ professionalism and professional values. Moreover, these forms of the curriculum have a major impact on the learning potential of med students. Yet little is known [...]
Related posts:Blog writing for professionalism in medical education Had an idea to use writing of a blog...
Empathy for the Mentally Ill in ........ Read more »
Karnieli-Miller O, Vu TR, Holtman MC, Clyman SG, & Inui TS. (2010) Medical students' professionalism narratives: a window on the informal and hidden curriculum. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 85(1), 124-33. PMID: 20042838
With so many people experiencing long term pain and disability, you’d think health care providers (and funders) would be doing all they could to make sure referrals to specialist centres were made as early as possible – and yet it’s still just not happening. I took a brief look through the referrals to our tertiary [...]... Read more »
Bonezzi, C., Pitino, E., & Allegri, M. (2009) Analysis of a population of patients who were referred to a second level pain center: Clinical and demographic characteristics. European Journal of Pain Supplements, 3(2), 17-20. DOI: 10.1016/j.eujps.2009.08.003
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