Psychologists have identified an important reason why our insight into our own psyches is so poor. Emily Balcetis and David Dunning found that when predicting our own behaviour, we fail to take the influence of the situation into account. By contrast, when predicting the behaviour of others, we correctly factor in the influence of the circumstances. This means that we're instinctually good social psychologists but at the same time we're poor self-psychologists.
Across ........ Read more »
Balcetis, E., & Dunning, D. (2011) Considering the situation: Why people are better social psychologists than self-psychologists. Self and Identity, 1-15. DOI: 10.1080/15298868.2011.617886
Loved, hated, and a source of widespread controversy, journal impact factors (JIF) have taken on a unique role in scientific publishing. These little numbers are considered a measure of a ... Read more »
Hegarty, P., & Walton, Z. (2012) The Consequences of Predicting Scientific Impact in Psychology Using Journal Impact Factors. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 7(1), 72-78. DOI: 10.1177/1745691611429356
People have different reactions when freedoms are put in jeopardy or taken away. Some people engage in “rationalization” — they convince themselves to see the new status quo in the most positive light. (This is likely due to the human tendency to put the best spin on our lives.) Other people engage in “reactance.” They come [...]... Read more »
Laurin, K., Kay, A., & Fitzsimons, G. (2012) Reactance Versus Rationalization: Divergent Responses to Policies That Constrain Freedom. Psychological Science. DOI: 10.1177/0956797611429468
From exclusive dinners to diamond rings - when it comes to impressing the ladies, men are willing to spend the big bucks. Especially when women are scarce, a new study of the University of Minnesota suggests.... Read more »
Griskevicius, V., Tybur, J., Ackerman, J., Delton, A., Robertson, T., & White, A. (2012) The financial consequences of too many men: Sex ratio effects on saving, borrowing, and spending. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 102(1), 69-80. DOI: 10.1037/a0024761
Ed. Note: This is a post from the archives; it was originally blogged at IonPsych on 2/10/2011. You can see the original post here. Imagine a woman who wanders into your local coffee shop with this bag thrown over her … Continue reading →... Read more »
Rucker, D., & Galinsky, A. (2009) Conspicuous consumption versus utilitarian ideals: How different levels of power shape consumer behavior. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45(3), 549-555. DOI: 10.1016/j.jesp.2009.01.005
by Persuasion Strategies in Persuasive Litigator
By Dr. Ken Broda-Bahm: The American dialogue on class has recently shifted. A new Pew Research Center survey finds that a solid majority of Americans, 66 percent, believe there are "strong" or "very strong" conflicts between the rich and the poor. In 2009, that figure was just 47 percent, and the most marked increase has been among those who have historically perceived the lowest levels of conflict: white Americans. In accounting for that change, some credit needs to go to "Occupy Wall Street" a........ Read more »
Donovan, E., & Kelemen, D. (2011) Just Rewards: Children and Adults Equate Accidental Inequity with Intentional Unfairness. Journal of Cognition and Culture, 11(1), 137-150. DOI: 10.1163/156853711X568725
You've probably seen on the news, after a disaster, the announcement that trained counsellors will be on hand as a matter of routine. Or you used to. In fact, the practice of offering routine post-trauma psychological debriefing (Critical Incident Stress Debriefing - CISD - to give it its original, formal title) is all but dead and buried. It's hard to say who exactly executed the fatal blow.
NICE - the trusted, independent UK body that provides health advice - is a chief culprit. Bas........ Read more »
Hawker, D., Durkin, J., & Hawker, D. (2011) To debrief or not to debrief our heroes: that is the question. Clinical Psychology , 18(6), 453-463. DOI: 10.1002/cpp.730
This year 134 suspect new journals have appeared from the abyss, all published by the same clandestine company “Scientific & Academic Publishing, USA“. Scientists have been quick to raise the alarm and ruthless in their response.... Read more »
Morrison, Heather. (2012) Scholarly Communication in Crisis. Freedom for scholarship in the internet age. Simon Fraser University School of Communication. info:/
I boarded my commuter train with all of five minutes to spare, so I knew my prospects for getting a seat were slim. That didn’t bother me too much since the vestibule was mostly empty—there was a man standing at the other door silently rocking out to whatever was playing on his headphones, so I [...]
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Shapiro, E. (1980) Is Seeking Help from a Friend Like Seeking Help from a Stranger?. Social Psychology Quarterly, 43(2), 259. DOI: 10.2307/3033629
Schwartz, S., & David, A. (1976) Responsibility and Helping in an Emergency: Effects of Blame, Ability and Denial of Responsibility. Sociometry, 39(4), 406. DOI: 10.2307/3033505
Stevens, J. (2004) The selfish nature of generosity: harassment and food sharing in primates. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 271(1538), 451-456. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2003.2625
by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room
We hear this routinely in pretrial research as mock jurors explain why they won’t award for non-economic damages. Variations include “no one paid me for my grief when my mother died” or “I don’t see a need to make the survivors millionaires”. The idea of family members profiting from a death is simply heinous to [...]
2010 in review: Aging brains, money, happiness, and a bris exception
Does your capital client “look deathworthy”?
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Hulst, L., & Akkermans, AJ. (2012) Can money symbolize acknowledgement? How victims’ relatives perceive monetary rewards for their emotional harm. . Psychological Injury and Law. info:/
A couple of years ago, this article ran in the Economist. In the article, the author takes the point of view that the pursuit of a PhD degree is a waste of time. Whether or not you agree with this perspective, it is important to consider the points being made. If you are, or have been, a graduate student, you probably learned much of this during your time in graduate school.... Read more »
Cronan-Hillix, T., Gensheimer, L., Cronan-Hillix, W., & Davidson, W. (1986) Students' Views of Mentors in Psychology Graduate Training. Teaching of Psychology, 13(3), 123-127. DOI: 10.1207/s15328023top1303_5
If you’re reading this post via RSS or Email, please come and visit the website this week – it has been re-launched with a brand new redesign and a narrower focus on the services and consultancy I provide. I would appreciate comments! As long-time readers of the blog know, I’m a strong believer in making [...]
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PHILLIPS, L., & CHAPMAN, G. (2011) Enjoyment and Success: Reciprocal Factors in Behavior Change. Journal of Applied Social Psychology. DOI: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2011.00849.x
Stereotypes tend to be bad, and therefore understanding what causes them to change is an important endeavor. While research shows a variety of information about a particular group or its members can change a stereotype, a new study finds that a group stereotype can also change based on information about a different group. More specifically, when [...]... Read more »
Maris, S., & Hoorens, V. (2012) The ISI change phenomenon: When contradicting one stereotype changes another. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. DOI: 10.1016/j.jesp.2012.01.001
In childhood it is normal to have some nighttime fears. Most children outgrow them. However, when fears continue to exist, they endanger sleep quality and daily functioning. One situation in which this may happen, is after traumatic exposure.... Read more »
Brown, T., Mellman, T., Alfano, C., & Weems, C. (2011) Sleep fears, sleep disturbance, and PTSD symptoms in minority youth exposed to Hurricane Katrina. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 24(5), 575-580. DOI: 10.1002/jts.20680
On Friday political satirist Stephen Colbert entered the U.S. presidential race. A significant proportion of Conservatives in fact fail to understand satire and instead believe Colbert to be a Conservative commentator opposed to liberal thought.... Read more »
LaMarre, H., Landreville, K., & Beam, M. (2009) The Irony of Satire: Political Ideology and the Motivation to See What You Want to See in The Colbert Report. The International Journal of Press/Politics, 14(2), 212-231. DOI: 10.1177/1940161208330904
RAMSAY, C., KULL, S., LEWIS, E., & SUBIA, S. (2010) Misinformation and the 2010 Election. Published online at WORLDPUBLICOPINION.ORG by University of Maryland. info:/
The suicidal subject is routinely framed as mad and yet to be mad, as here with reference to the decision in Haas c Suisse (2011), is to be prohibited from state assisted suicide. The ethical quandaries instigated by the unresolved debate over euthanasia get even muddier when we wonder if mad people too should have that ultimate right, that is, (not) to be.... Read more »
Suisse, H. (2012) SUICIDE ASSISTANCE FOR MENTALLY DISORDERED INDIVIDUALS IN SWITZERLAND AND THE STATE'S POSITIVE OBLIGATION TO FACILITATE DIGNIFIED SUICIDE. Medical Law Review. DOI: 10.1093/medlaw/fwr033
Gulu, Uganda (vis photography)Most of us have memories from the past that we'd rather forget. When those memories are of a traumatic nature, they can more difficult to expel from our minds. Unwanted memories can be rejected by means of active inhibitory processes (Anderson & Levy, 2009), but these mechanisms are impaired in individuals with post-traumatic stress disorder, or PTSD (Zwissler et al., 2011): Essentially, PTSD patients have trouble remembering what they are supposed to remember........ Read more »
Zwissler, B., Hauswald, A., Koessler, S., Ertl, V., Pfeiffer, A., Wöhrmann, C., Winkler, N., & Kissler, J. (2011) Memory control in post-traumatic stress disorder: evidence from item method directed forgetting in civil war victims in Northern Uganda. Psychological Medicine, 1-9. DOI: 10.1017/S0033291711002273
There's nothing quite like a stiff drink at the end of a long day to calm those shattered nerves. Whether it's a wine or a scotch, a gin and tonic or a vodka and orange, there's just something about the cortical balm that is alcohol that makes all our worries fade away. But what is it about this fermented solution that has us all at merlot? That leads us all to imbibe over 10 litres each year? Well according to a new study, published in Science Translational Medicine, it's the release of........ Read more »
Mitchell, J., O'Neil, J., Janabi, M., Marks, S., Jagust, W., & Fields, H. (2012) Alcohol Consumption Induces Endogenous Opioid Release in the Human Orbitofrontal Cortex and Nucleus Accumbens. Science Translational Medicine, 4(116), 116-116. DOI: 10.1126/scitranslmed.3002902
Social psychology findings can sometimes seem obvious. At times, however, they contradict common sense, make us question our assumptions, or are just plain bizarre. Here are five of such findings, published in the past year, that particularly caught my attention:
Read More-... Read more »
Richard, F., Bond, C., & Stokes-Zoota, J. (2001) "That's Completely Obvious.. and Important": Lay Judgments of Social Psychological Findings. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 27(4), 497-505. DOI: 10.1177/0146167201274010
Ed. Note: During 2012, I thought I would use Fridays to share some of my favorite AiP posts from the archives—and this one definitely tops the list. It was selected as a Research Blogging Editor’s Selection. And I hope you’ll enjoy it too. Cinderella got the prince and Dorothy was envied. Why? They well shod. [...]
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E.O. Smith. (1999) High Heels and Evolution: Natural Selection, Sexual Selection, and High Heels. Psychology, Evolution, and Gender, 1(3), 245-277. info:/
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