by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room
As trial consultants based in Austin, Texas (one a graduate of UT Austin and the other a long-time staff member there) we often hear the UT athletic song ‘The Eyes of Texas Are Upon You’. The melody is easy and friendly (everyone else knows it as “I’ve been working on a railroad”). The lyrics are [...]
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Bourrat, P., Baumard, N., & McKay, R. (2011) Surveillance cues enhance moral condemnation. . Evolutionary Psychology, 9(2), 193-199. info:/
The exam season may be over, but here's a simple piece of advice for next semester. Go for a brisk walk before studying and your memory of the material is likely to benefit.
Carlos Salas and his colleagues had dozens of students study 30 nouns, each displayed for 6 seconds. Some of the students went for a ten-minute walk before being presented with the words. They were told to adopt "the walking speed one would use when late to an appointment, but without the anxiety caused by such a scenario"......... Read more »
Salas, C., Minakata, K., & Kelemen, W. (2011) Walking before study enhances free recall but not judgement-of-learning magnitude. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 23(4), 507-513. DOI: 10.1080/20445911.2011.532207
Yesterday, I watched as hundreds of Londoners took to the streets in a heroic attempt to clean up the mess caused by rioters and looters the night before. Looking at pictures of large crowds getting off trains with cleaning equipment in hand and marching down streets with brooms held aloft, I’ve rarely felt so proud of my city.
The clean-up operation was a great move – a positive note in an otherwise depressing week and a chance for a beleagured capital to come together and reclaim i........ Read more »
Having pain that persists creates a lot of stress, but there are many people who can limit the effect on their life and carry on. These people seem to return to their everyday activities even if their pain hasn’t settled. Then there are the other people. This group have much more trouble managing with their … Read more... Read more »
Linton, S., Nicholas, M., MacDonald, S., Boersma, K., Bergbom, S., Maher, C., & Refshauge, K. (2011) The role of depression and catastrophizing in musculoskeletal pain. European Journal of Pain, 15(4), 416-422. DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpain.2010.08.009
Entry on new essay.... Read more »
Honing, H. (2011) The illiterate Listener. On music cognition, musicality and methodology. Amsterdam University Press. info:other
A lot has been written on the science of attraction lately. So I thought I would pick a few of my favorites studies and create a brief guide. Since all of these studies identify what unconsciously influences attraction, you can check your … Continue reading →... Read more »
Williams, L., & Bargh, J. (2008) Experiencing Physical Warmth Promotes Interpersonal Warmth. Science, 322(5901), 606-607. DOI: 10.1126/science.1162548
Dutton, D., & Aron, A. (1974) Some evidence for heightened sexual attraction under conditions of high anxiety. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 30(4), 510-517. DOI: 10.1037/h0037031
Havlicek, J., Dvorakova, R., Bartos, L., & Flegr, J. (2006) Non-Advertized does not Mean Concealed: Body Odour Changes across the Human Menstrual Cycle. Ethology, 112(1), 81-90. DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0310.2006.01125.x
Roberts, S., Havlicek, J., Flegr, J., Hruskova, M., Little, A., Jones, B., Perrett, D., & Petrie, M. (2004) Female facial attractiveness increases during the fertile phase of the menstrual cycle. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 271(Suppl_5). DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2004.0174
Hill, S., & Buss, D. (2008) The Mere Presence of Opposite-Sex Others on Judgments of Sexual and Romantic Desirability: Opposite Effects for Men and Women. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 34(5), 635-647. DOI: 10.1177/0146167207313728
The streets of major British cities descended into chaos last night. Again. Angry stick-weilding, BMX-riding hooded teenagers went on the rampage. Breaking, burning and looting for no apparent reason – the police largely impotent to halt to the anarchy. It’s been a long time since the UK has seen anything like this. Just what triggered … Continue reading »... Read more »
Reicher, S., Stott, C., Drury, J., Adang, O., Cronin, P., & Livingstone, A. (2007) Knowledge-Based Public Order Policing: Principles and Practice. Policing, 1(4), 403-415. DOI: 10.1093/police/pam067
Charles Darwin had more in common with chimpanzees than even he realized. Before he was universally known for his theory of natural selection, the young naturalist was faced with one of the great moral choices in the history of science. The decision he made has long been hailed as the type of behavior that fundamentally [...]
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Victoria Hornera,J. Devyn Cartera, Malini Suchaka, and Frans B. M. de Waal. (2011) Spontaneous prosocial choice by chimpanzees. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. info:/10.1073/pnas.1111088108
Part of the human experience seems to be finding ourselves in highly embarrassing situations. At some time most of us have tripped on the stairs in a crowded area, spilled our drink on a stranger, put our foot in our mouth during an important conversation, or simply had to face the world on a really bad hair day. When I find myself in one of these situations, such as when I tripped over my own feet in the middle of campus last week, I instantly blush and put my head down, hoping to avoi........ Read more »
Gilovich, T., Medvec, V., & Savitsky, K. (2000) The spotlight effect in social judgment: An egocentric bias in estimates of the salience of one's own actions and appearance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78(2), 211-222. DOI: 10.1037//0022-35188.8.131.52
When asked to indicate their favorite type of music, plenty of people say they like “anything but country.” Is this really accurate? Why do rock music fans also tend to like punk and heavy metal? And why on earth would … Continue reading →... Read more »
Rentfrow PJ, Goldberg LR, & Levitin DJ. (2011) The structure of musical preferences: a five-factor model. Journal of personality and social psychology, 100(6), 1139-57. PMID: 21299309
by Persuasion Strategies in Persuasive Litigator
By Dr. Ken Broda-Bahm - Litigators like to see themselves as silver-tongued persuaders, but in an age in which fewer than one in fifty suits are resolved in trial, they may find that the negotiation skills of Donald Trump come to matter more than the rhetorical skills of F. Lee Bailey. And research is increasingly pointing to the fact that in a negotiations setting, many common intuitions about persuasion may not apply. For example, a study reported in this month's Journal of Personality and Soc........ Read more »
Maaravi Y, Ganzach Y, & Pazy A. (2011) Negotiation as a form of persuasion: Arguments in first offers. Journal of personality and social psychology, 101(2), 245-55. PMID: 21500924
How well can you identify other people's voices? Most of us are good at recognizing a familiar speaker we can't see. This skill works best, though, in our native tongue. And to the ears of a dyslexic person, everyone else may as well be speaking Chinese.Dyslexia is usually described as a reading disorder. In school, a dyslexic kid will struggle to recognize words and parse sentences. She (or more often, according to some studies, he) might have assignments read aloud or receive prewritten class ........ Read more »
Perrachione, T., Del Tufo, S., & Gabrieli, J. (2011) Human Voice Recognition Depends on Language Ability. Science, 333(6042), 595-595. DOI: 10.1126/science.1207327
Do you believe that memory works sort of like a video camera, faithfully recording your experiences so that you can go back later and revisit those memories, captured in pristine condition? Do you believe that if something unexpected walked into your field of vision you’d notice? Can forgotten memories be recalled through hypnosis?... Read more »
Simons, D., & Chabris, C. (2011) What People Believe about How Memory Works: A Representative Survey of the U.S. Population. PLoS ONE, 6(8). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0022757
Do extraverts have more numerous and deeper social relationships? Organisations are increasingly interested in social capital, the networks accessed through individuals, so this is no idle question. Thomas Pollet from the University of Groningen, investigated this with University of Oxford collaborators Sam Roberts and Robin Dunbar, and their answer is yes, and no.
Recognising that our relationships aren't monolithic, the researchers treated social networks as a set of three layers. The inner ........ Read more »
According to a new paper, yours truly is bipolar.
I've written before of my experience of depression, and the fact that I take antidepressants, but I've never been diagnosed with bipolar.
I've taken a few drugs in my time. On certain dopamine-based drugs I got euphoric, filled with energy, talkative, confident, with no need for sleep, and a boundless desire to do stuff, which is textbook hypomania. So I think I know what it feels like, and I can confidently say that it has never happened to m........ Read more »
Angst J, Azorin JM, Bowden CL, Perugi G, Vieta E, Gamma A, Young AH, & for the BRIDGE Study Group. (2011) Prevalence and Characteristics of Undiagnosed Bipolar Disorders in Patients With a Major Depressive Episode: The BRIDGE Study. Archives of general psychiatry, 68(8), 791-798. PMID: 21810644
Here’s a study we found at Science Daily and thought was a useful addition to our ongoing exploration of how to identify deception. While eyebrows have been found not useful in identifying Mormon faces, apparently they are useful in identifying deception. As it turns out, it is harder for liars to control the upper part of their [...]
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Deception Detection: The latest on what we know
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Carolyn M. Hurley, & Mark G. Frank. (2011) Executing Facial Control During Deception Situations. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 35(2). info:/
What could be wrong with a gentleman opening a door for a lady? According to some social psychologists, such acts endorse gender stereotypes: the idea that women are weak and need help; that men are powerful patriarchs. Now a study has looked at how women are perceived when they accept or reject an act of so-called "benevolent sexism"* and it finds that they're caught in a double-bind. Women who accept help from a man are seen as warmer, but less competent. Women who reject help are seen as more........ Read more »
Becker, J., Glick, P., Ilic, M., & Bohner, G. (2011) Damned if she does, damned if she doesn't: Consequences of accepting versus confronting patronizing help for the female target and male actor. European Journal of Social Psychology. DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.823
Many people get into medicine and don't know how to properly write a note or how to present a patient to an attending physician. This includes medical students and those studying to become physician assistants and nurse practitioners. Granted, most do learn through trial, error, and guidance from preceptors. But I thought I would help my readers out with a quick "how to" on the topic.The first time you see a patient, you should perform a full history and physical. If you ........ Read more »
Pryor DB, Shaw L, McCants CB, Lee KL, Mark DB, Harrell FE Jr, Muhlbaier LH, & Califf RM. (1993) Value of the history and physical in identifying patients at increased risk for coronary artery disease. Annals of internal medicine, 118(2), 81-90. PMID: 8416322
Viner S, Szalai JP, & Hoffstein V. (1991) Are history and physical examination a good screening test for sleep apnea?. Annals of internal medicine, 115(5), 356-9. PMID: 1863025
So...after 4 months of being MIA I've finally emerged from the deep, dark, and lonely cave of academia to give a brief update on what I've been doing all this time. When I wasn't furiously working on my dissertation related to working memory and aging, I was making final revisions to a theoretical review paper on sleep and memory. I'm happy to announce that after countless hours of lost sleep (irony?) it's finally been accepted for publication! I'll link the article abstract once it's up. For no........ Read more »
Wilson, M., & McNaughton, B. (1994) Reactivation of hippocampal ensemble memories during sleep. Science, 265(5172), 676-679. DOI: 10.1126/science.8036517
Rasch B, Büchel C, Gais S, & Born J. (2007) Odor cues during slow-wave sleep prompt declarative memory consolidation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5817), 1426-9. PMID: 17347444
Marshall, L., Helgadóttir, H., Mölle, M., & Born, J. (2006) Boosting slow oscillations during sleep potentiates memory. Nature, 444(7119), 610-613. DOI: 10.1038/nature05278
A soothing hug, a cozy blanket, a hot cup of coffee – what’s the connection between these things and what makes them feel so good? Research shows that temperature may be the key to soothing a lonely heart. ... Read more »
Bargh, J.A., & Shalev, I. (2011) The substitutability of physical and social warmth in daily life. Emotion. PMID: 21604871
Bushman, B.J., Wang, M.C., & Anderson, C.A. (2005) Is the curve relating temperature to aggression linear or curvilinear? A response to Bell (2005) and to Cohn and Rotton (2005). Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 89(1), 74-7. PMID: 16060746
Ijzerman, H., & Semin, G.R. (2009) The thermometer of social relations: Mapping social proximity on temperature. Psychological Science, 20(10), 1214-20. PMID: 19732385
Williams, L.E., & Bargh, J.A. (2008) Experiencing physical warmth promotes interpersonal warmth. Science, 322(5901), 606-7. PMID: 18948544
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