Now is that Gratitude,Or is it really love?Some kind of reality That fits just like a glove--Danny Elfman, GratitudePraise and condemnation serve a powerful purpose in our social and internal lives. They prop us up and tear us down. We reward ourselves (and others) when we perform good deeds, give a pat on the back for a job well done. Conversely, we punish bad behavior. Some people are more vengeful than others when they're wronged; other individuals might be more inclined to blame themselves........ Read more »
Zahn R, Garrido G, Moll J, & Grafman J. (2013) Individual differences in posterior cortical volume correlate with proneness to pride and gratitude. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. PMID: 24106333
by Andrea in Science of Eating Disorders
If there is anything we’ve learned over the many years of eating disorder research, it is that eating disorders are extremely complex. Often, this complexity is intensified by comorbidities, including post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, and “personality disorders.” Unfortunately, individuals whose disorders are labeled persistent, chronic, or “difficult to treat” may be even less likely to receive the treatment and support they require, deserve, and desire.
“S........ Read more »
Federici A, & Wisniewski L. (2013) An intensive DBT program for patients with multidiagnostic eating disorder presentations: a case series analysis. The International Journal of Eating Disorders, 46(4), 322-31. PMID: 23381784
by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room
As absurd and biased as that may sound, it is something that many (both White and Black Americans) currently believe. An archival review and six separate experiments (with a total of 876 research participants) show this biased belief system. This particular research is examining disparities in healthcare and the authors review the higher rates of […]
Which jurors most “feel” your client’s pain?
Proof we don’t hire the most qualified candidate!
The incompetence stere........ Read more »
Whilst quite a lot of attention is currently being paid to the study by Warren Jones and Ami Klin* on 'Autism signs being present in first months of life' I'm heading off in a slightly different direction in this post. It's not that I don't find the possibility that the eyes may be more than just the windows to the soul, or at least "a decline in gazing at eyes [might] accurately predict the development of autism" an exciting prospect, it's just that I'm waiting for some more confirmatory eviden........ Read more »
Lv Wang, Claus T Christophersen, Michael J Sorich, Jacobus P Gerber, Manya T Angley, Michael A Conlon. (2013) Increased abundance of Sutterella spp. and Ruminococcus torques in feces of children with autism spectrum disorder. Molecular Autism. DOI: 10.1186/2040-2392-4-42
In tough economic times, avoid institutional thinking and acting on short-turn restructuring and/or cost-cutting goals. Recent research about a new assessment suggests this message to firm leaders and chief executives. Instead, the message continues, leaders must think and act outside the box. This means psychologically and financially. A team of organizational researchers developed a [...]The post Organizational Commitment, Job Satisfaction, and Caring Adaptations: In Terms of the Psych........ Read more »
Grdinovac, J.A., & Yancey, G.B. (2012) How organizational adaptations to recession relate to organizational commitment. . The Psychologist-Manager Journal. DOI: 10.1080/10887156.2012.649089
Researchers have found that forcing someone to look into your eyes during discussion can harm your argument.
Researchers found that forcing someone to make an eye contact with you during a discussion can make him/her more stubborn and less open-minded that could be fatal for your argument in some cases. They noted that a direct gaze can show the difference in thoughts resembling a form of dominance.
“Popular b........ Read more »
Frances S. Chen et al. (2013) In the Eye of the Beholder Eye Contact Increases Resistance to Persuasion. Psychological Science. DOI: 10.1177/0956797613491968
In an upcoming issue of Social Science Computer Review, Villar, Callegaro, and Yang conducted a meta-analysis on impact of the use of progress bars on survey completion. In doing so, they identified 32 randomized experiments from 10 sources where a control group (no progress bar) was compared to an experimental group (progress bar). Among the […]
Related articles from NeoAcademic:
Survey Provider and Sponsor Reputation Influence Survey Participation
Where to Place Demographics on Your ........ Read more »
Villar, A., Callegaro, M., & Yang, Y. (2014) Where am I? A meta-analysis of experiments on the effects of progress indicators for web surveys. Social Science Computer Review, 1-19. DOI: 10.1177/0894439313497468
The unique properties of family firms are often characterised by four Cs. Continuity, their commitment to longevity; Command, concentrating power within leadership, not across the organisation or with shareholders; Community, the organisation in some ways resembling an actual family; and Connections, with close relationships to suppliers and stakeholders. In a recent theoretical paper, Andreas König and colleagues consider the impact such qualities have on the uptake of discontinuous technologi........ Read more »
Andreas König, Nadine Kammerlander, & Albrecht Enders. (2013) The Family Innovator's Dilemma: How Family Influence Affects The Adoption of Discontinuous Technologies by Incumbent Firms . Academy of Management Review, 38(3), 418-441. info:/
After Aaron Alexis shot dead 12 people at the Navy Yard in Washington DC in September, media outlets were quick to highlight his reported enjoyment of violent video games. To many, this was just the latest example of how violent games can foster real-life aggression. There is research supporting such a link, although experts are far from reaching a consensus view on the matter. Take, for example, the letter written in September by a group of 230 scholars, calling for the American Psychological........ Read more »
Happ C, Melzer A, & Steffgen G. (2013) Superman vs. BAD Man? The Effects of Empathy and Game Character in Violent Video Games. Cyberpsychology, behavior and social networking, 16(10), 774-8. PMID: 23745616
Stress linked to abuse makes the brain more vulnerable to depression. A new study [citation below] indicates the highest risk variables of chronic depression in the population are linked to having suffered previous episodes of depression or delayed treatment when related to other physical or mental health problems or having suffered sexual abuse during childhood. Chronic … Read More →... Read more »
Garcia-Toro M, Rubio JM, Gili M, Roca M, Jin CJ, Liu SM, Bastianoni C, & Blanco C. (2013) Persistence of chronic major depression: a national prospective study. Journal of affective disorders, 151(1), 306-12. PMID: 23866303
Photo: Mila Atkovska / ShutterstockCan dogs be trained to alert diabetics when their blood sugar levels fall too low or too high? A new study by Nicola Rooney (University of Bristol) et al investigates the success of just such a program. Medical Detection Dogs is a charity in the UK that trains dogs to detect disease. For example, they are investigating whether it is possible to train dogs to help with the early diagnosis of cancer, such as detecting prostate cancer from urine samples. They hav........ Read more »
Rooney NJ, Morant S, & Guest C. (2013) Investigation into the value of trained glycaemia alert dogs to clients with type I diabetes. PloS one, 8(8). PMID: 23950905
Many researchers believed that the Bouba/Kiki effect demonstrated that we all show a little synaesthesia, where sensory inputs involuntarily activate an unrelated sensory experience. However, unlike classical synaesthesia, participants in the Bouba/Kiki experiment are associating a sensory input with a semantic label rather than two independent sensory experiences. Nikolic (2009) therefore recently introduced the idea of ideasthesia...... Read more »
Nikolic D. (2009) Is synaesthesia actually ideaesthesia? An inquiry into the nature of the phenomenon. Proceedings of the Third International Congress on Synaesthesia, Science and Art. info:/
A new research review says thinking fast can improve our mood, and increase risk-taking, confidence and problem-solving. The author discusses the experiences of running, skiing, driving over the speed limit as all having the capacity to excite, elate and energize us. But we do not have to be moving fast in order to improve our […]
Think fast! Is this the perpetrator? How certain are you?
Is that quick decision a good indicator of your moral character?
What happens when a ju........ Read more »
Pronin, E. (2013) When the mind races: Effects of thought speed on feeling and action. . Current Directions in Psychological Science, 22(4), 283-288. DOI: 10.1177/0963721413482324
Regression as part of the presentation of autism is still a topic which has the ability to create discussion and fuel controversy. I've talked about it a few times on this blog (see here and here) and how, after a bit of a laboured start, modern day autism research has finally come around to acknowledging that regression can occur in cases of autism.Fire @ Wikipedia The cause(s) of regression associated with autism has been where a lot of the debate has been had over the years. I've t........ Read more »
Scott O, Richer L, Forbes K, Sonnenberg L, Currie A, Eliyashevska M, Goez HR. (2013) Anti-N-Methyl-D-Aspartate (NMDA) Receptor Encephalitis: An Unusual Cause of Autistic Regression in a Toddler. Journal of Child Neurology. DOI: 10.1177/0883073813501875
If you give a Westerner one of two items randomly and then ask the person whether he or she would like to trade one for the other, there is only 10 percent chance the Westerner trades. This doesn't make sense, or at least it's not rational. There should be a 50 percent chance that participants initially receive the item they like best and thus a 50 percent chance that they will trade. This behavioral bias is called the “endowment effect”. A new interdisciplinary study from ........ Read more »
Coren L. Apicella, Eduardo M. Azevedo, Nicholas A. Christakis, & and James H. Fowler. (2013) Evolutionary Origins of the Endowment Eect: Evidence from Hunter-Gatherers . THE AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVIEW. DOI: 10.2139/ssrn.2255650
by amikulak in Daily Observations
Emotional connections with others are one of the fundamental ingredients for a happy and fulfilled life. Seeking out these connections often feels good, providing a kind of social “warmth.” New […]... Read more »
Inagaki, T.K., & Eisenberger, N.I. (2013) Shared Neural Mechanisms Underlying Social Warmth and Physical Warmth. Psychological Science. DOI: 10.1177/0956797613492773
In the competition for readers' mouse clicks, a favoured trick is to phrase headlines as questions. This isn't an Internet innovation. As a way to grab attention, question headlines have been recommended by editors and marketeers for decades. But what is new, is the easy ability today to measure how often readers choose to click a headline. For a new paper, researchers in Norway have used Twitter to find out if question headlines really do entice more clicks.
Linda Lai and Audun Farbrot used ........ Read more »
Linda Lai, & Audun Farbrot. (2013) What makes you click? The effect of question headlines on readership in computer-mediated communication. Social Influence. DOI: 10.1080/15534510.2013.847859
Researchers have found that many of us can see the movement of our body even in complete darkness as “the brain predicts visual consequences of actions.”
In the present study, researchers worked with the blindfolded volunteers, so that they would not be able to see anything. They found that the participants, who were completely blindfolded, were able to feel the shadowy outlines of the arms moving in front ........ Read more »
“Theory of Mind” (ToM) is the term psychologists use to describe the ability to interpret the distinct mental states of others. The knowledge that each person’s head contains a unique conception of the world is the first step toward understanding what others want and feel. Developing ToM is an important part of childhood. It’s what […]... Read more »
Nathanson, A.I., Sharp, M.L., Alade, F., Rasmussen, E.E., & Christy, K. (2013) The Relation Between Television Exposure and Theory of Mind Among Preschoolers. Journal of Communication. DOI: 10.1111/jcom.12062
by sschroeder in Daily Observations
A layperson’s conception of psychopathic personality might involve psychosis, mental illness, and violent behavior, but none of these things is actually equivalent to psychopathy. While psychopathy is one risk factor […]... Read more »
Skeem, J. L., Polaschek, D. L. L., Patrick, C. J., . (2011) Psychopathic personality: Bridging the gap between scientific evidence and public policy. Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 12(3), 95-162. DOI: 10.1177/1529100611426706
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