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  • February 9, 2015
  • 03:26 PM

Study Demonstrates External Control of Two Thoughts In The Stream of Consciousness

by Marie Benz in Medical Research Interviews and News Interview with: Ezequiel Morsella, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Neuroscience Department of Psychology San Francisco State University Assistant Adjunct Professor Department of Neurology University of California, San Francisco Boardmember, Scientific Advisory Board Institute of Cognitive Neurology (INECO), Buenos Aires Medical … Continue reading →
The post Study Demonstrates External Control of Two Thoughts I........ Read more » Interview with:, Ezequiel Morsella, Ph.D., & Associate Professor of Neuroscience Department of Psychology. (2015) Study Demonstrates External Control of Two Thoughts In The Stream of Consciousness. info:/

  • February 9, 2015
  • 02:28 PM

Is tanning addictive?

by neurosci in Neuroscientifically Challenged

In Walden, his masterpiece about noncomformity and simple living, Henry David Thoreau wrote, "Every generation laughs at the old fashions, but follows religiously the new." And while Thoreau was specifically talking about society's capriciousness in embracing new styles of clothing, his quote applies just as well to our preference for one shade of skin color over another. For, while many now consider a medium-dark tan to be both healthier-looking and more attractive than pale skin, only 100 year........ Read more »

Petit, A., Karila, L., Chalmin, F., & Lejoyeux, M. (2014) Phenomenology and psychopathology of excessive indoor tanning. International Journal of Dermatology, 53(6), 664-672. DOI: 10.1111/ijd.12336  

  • February 9, 2015
  • 09:08 AM

Resisting Valentine's Day

by Jalees Rehman in Fragments of Truth

To celebrate Valentine's Day (as a geeky scientist), I decided to search the "Web of Science" database for published articles with the phrase "Valentine's Day" in the title.The article with the most citations was "Market-resistance and Valentine's Day events" published in the Journal of Business Research in 2009, by the authors Angeline Close and George Zinkhan. The title sounded rather interesting so I decided to read it. The authors reported the res........ Read more »

Close, A., & Zinkhan, G. (2009) Market-resistance and Valentine's Day events. Journal of Business Research, 62(2), 200-207. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbusres.2008.01.027  

  • February 9, 2015
  • 08:00 AM

Feeding Mental Health Through Nutritional Interventions

by amikulak in Daily Observations

Major depression affects many millions of people worldwide and is one of the leading causes of disability, according to data from the World Health Organization. Diagnosing and treating depression is, […]... Read more »

  • February 9, 2015
  • 07:02 AM

Male juror prospect? Loads of selfies on social media? Hmmm. 

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

Last month we were asked to provide internet research on a very large jury panel, and to complete it overnight. What that means is we want to find out as much as we can about the attitudes, values and behavior of those in our venire panel. We do that background research on the internet and […]

Related posts:
Social media has not killed “the spiral of silence”
Narcissism and Social Media Use
A scientific explanation for why we are drawn to narcissists & psychopaths

... Read more »

  • February 9, 2015
  • 05:06 AM

Want to learn a new skill more effectively? Stop thinking about yourself!

by BPS Research Digest in BPS Research Digest

The human mind can be its own worst enemy. When we want to do well in sports, we often intensify attentional focus on bodily movements that are best off left on automatic pilot. The result, even for elite athletes, can be a dire instance of choking. The muscles stiffen or shake. Fluid, expert movement is lost, and the learning of new skills is impaired.A common assumption is that an internal focus is harmful to performance because it directs unhelpful conscious attention to bodily control. But w........ Read more »

McKay, B., Wulf, G., Lewthwaite, R., & Nordin, A. (2015) The self: Your own worst enemy? A test of the self-invoking trigger hypothesis. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 1-10. DOI: 10.1080/17470218.2014.997765  

  • February 9, 2015
  • 04:47 AM

What have we learned about autism?

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

Today's post is a bit of mash-up based on the review paper by Jason Chen and colleagues [1] and a news entry from Autism Speaks titled: '10 Years of Progress: What We've Learned About Autism' (see here). Cumulatively, these two commentaries try to paint a picture of where we are, knowledge-wise, when it comes to the label of autism or autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and highlight the many gaps that remain in what we 'think' we know about autism.The Chen paper approaches the 'emerging picture of a........ Read more »

Chen JA, Peñagarikano O, Belgard TG, Swarup V, & Geschwind DH. (2015) The Emerging Picture of Autism Spectrum Disorder: Genetics and Pathology. Annual review of pathology, 111-144. PMID: 25621659  

  • February 7, 2015
  • 03:37 PM

Anorexia, it’s in your genes

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

No one likes to talk about eating disorders — specifically anorexia nervosa — despite the increased prevalence in both men and women. Like depression people tend to think that you can “just get over it” or some other nonsense. However new research is shedding light on the truth behind anorexia, much like with depression, there is a biological component involved. Simply put, it gets written into your genes.... Read more »

Howard Steiger Et al. (2015) DNA methylation in individuals with Anorexia Nervosa and in matched normal-eater controls: A genome-wide study. International Journal of Eating Disorders. info:/10.1002/eat.19378

  • February 7, 2015
  • 04:00 AM

Over a third of US children will have a behavioural / emotional disorder by 16 years of age

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

I had to do a second-take when it came to the clinical report from Carol Weitzman and colleagues [1] (open-access here) talking about promoting 'optimal development'  and "the need to increase behavioral screening" when it comes to the children and youth of the United States.The title of this post kinda said it all derived from the sentence: "Between 37% and 39% of children will have a behavioral or emotional disorder diagnosed by 16 years of age, regardless of geographic location in t........ Read more »

Carol Weitzman, Lynn Wegner, & et al. (2015) Promoting Optimal Development: Screening for Behavioral and Emotional Problems. Pediatrics. info:/10.1542/peds.2014-3716

  • February 7, 2015
  • 02:00 AM

Rogers’ paradox: Why cheap social learning doesn’t raise mean fitness

by Marcel Montrey in Evolutionary Games Group

It’s Friday night, you’re lonely, you’re desperate and you’ve decided to do the obvious—browse Amazon for a good book to read—when, suddenly, you’re told that you’ve won one for free. Companionship at last! But, as you look at the terms and conditions, you realize that you’re only given a few options to choose from. You […]... Read more »

Rogers, A. (1988) Does biology constrain culture?. American Anthropologist, 819-831. DOI: 10.1525/aa.1988.90.4.02a00030  

  • February 6, 2015
  • 09:02 AM

Typical Dreams: A Comparison of Dreams Across Cultures

by Jalees Rehman in Fragments of Truth

Have you ever wondered how the content of your dreams differs from that of your friends? How about the dreams of people raised in different countries and cultures? It is not always easy to compare dreams of distinct individuals because the content of dreams depends on our personal experiences. This is why dream researchers have developed standardized dream questionnaires in which common thematic elements are grouped together. These questionnaires can be translated into various languages and used........ Read more »

  • February 6, 2015
  • 08:46 AM

Do we let patients suffer needlessly?

by Eva Alisic in Trauma Recovery

PTSD treatment guidelines invariably point to trauma-focused therapies as preferred interventions. But is this trauma focus justified? ... Read more »

  • February 6, 2015
  • 08:34 AM

Why do we have music? Can one trace the origins of musicality?

by Henkjan Honing in Music Matters

Why do we have music? And what enables us to perceive, appreciate and make music? The search for a possible answer to these and other questions forms the backdrop to a soon-to-be released theme issue of Philosophical Transactions, which deals with the subject of musicality. An initiative of Henkjan Honing, professor of Music Cognition at the University of Amsterdam (UvA), this theme issue will see Honing and fellow researchers present their most important empirical results and offer a joint rese........ Read more »

Honing, H., ten Cate, C., Peretz, I., & Trehub, S. (2015) Without it no music: cognition, biology and evolution of musicality. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 370(1664), 20140088-20140088. DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2014.0088  

Gingras, B., Honing, H., Peretz, I., Trainor, L., & Fisher, S. (2015) Defining the biological bases of individual differences in musicality. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 370(1664), 20140092-20140092. DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2014.0092  

Fitch, W. (2015) Four principles of bio-musicology. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 370(1664), 20140091-20140091. DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2014.0091  

Hoeschele, M., Merchant, H., Kikuchi, Y., Hattori, Y., & ten Cate, C. (2015) Searching for the origins of musicality across species. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 370(1664), 20140094-20140094. DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2014.0094  

  • February 6, 2015
  • 07:02 AM

Would you rather go to jail or prison? 

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

You cannot really answer “neither” to this question, it’s an either/or sort of query. If you know little about either, you may blurt out “jail”, and that would be a little unwise according to today’s research. Apparently, those that do know a little about jail versus prison would much rather go to prison than spend […]

Related posts:
Go to jail. Go directly to jail. And if you are a woman, stay there a lot longer.
Fat bias in the workplace
Beauty is only skin deep but the la........ Read more »

May, D., Applegate, B., Ruddell, R., & Wood, P. (2013) Going to Jail Sucks (And It Really Doesn’t Matter Who You Ask). American Journal of Criminal Justice, 39(2), 250-266. DOI: 10.1007/s12103-013-9215-5  

  • February 6, 2015
  • 05:00 AM

Depression and risk of coronary heart disease

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

"The results of our meta-analysis suggest that depression is independently associated with a significantly increased risk of CHD [coronary heart disease] and MI [myocardial infarction], which may have implications for CHD etiological research and psychological medicine."No owners means - no heartbreak!So said the conclusion of the paper by Yong Gan and colleagues [1] (open-access) and their synthesis of the peer-reviewed literature on the topic of heart health and depression. Gran........ Read more »

  • February 6, 2015
  • 04:58 AM

Our brains respond to corporations as if they are people

by BPS Research Digest in BPS Research Digest

Do corporations, like people, have moral rights and responsibilities?The US Supreme Court has recently made a number of rulings that suggest it sees corporations as having similar rights and responsibilities to individual human beings, such as that they have the right to free speech, and can be exempt from laws that contradict their owner’s religious beliefs. Can a new neuroimaging study help us determine whether the Court’s approach is justified?Forty participants viewed written vignettes w........ Read more »

  • February 5, 2015
  • 12:04 PM

Art affects you more powerfully when you view it in a museum

by BPS Research Digest in BPS Research Digest

These days there's no need to take the trouble of visiting art museums. You can usually view all the exhibits on your computer, in the comfort of your own home. And yet, attendance at art museums has been rising over recent years. A new study helps explain why: people enjoy art more at the museum, they find it more stimulating and understandable, and they remember it better.David Brieber and his colleagues invited 137 psychology students to view 25 artworks from Vienna's Museum Startgalerie Beau........ Read more »

  • February 5, 2015
  • 09:40 AM

The Song Remains The Same

by Bill Sullivan in The 'Scope

The new hit by Sam Smith sounds a lot like a Tom Petty smash from 1989. Should we be surprised? There's only so many ways to combine a limited number of chords. Today we look at how many possible songs can be written, what makes songs popular, and which genre of music has been the most successful.... Read more »

  • February 5, 2015
  • 04:38 AM

Tics, OCD and non-coeliac gluten sensitivity: a case report

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

A curious case report is documented in the paper by Luis Rodrigo and colleagues [1] (open-access) discussing the diagnosis of non-coeliac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) in a young lady "with a long history of 10 years of tics and obsessive compulsive disorder [OCD]." Further, quite a remarkable turn-around in her clinical symptoms was observed following institution of a gluten-free diet (GFD); as the authors note: "One week after the beginning of this diet, the tics diminished notably and t........ Read more »

  • February 4, 2015
  • 07:55 PM

Study shows children and birds learn alike

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

Your child is your pride and joy — and why not, every parent should be a proud one, even if your child might be bird brained. Or maybe birds are baby brained? In any case, a new study has found that pigeons can categorize and name both natural and manmade objects–and not just a few objects. These birds categorized 128 photographs into 16 categories, and they did so simultaneously.... Read more »

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