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  • August 16, 2011
  • 04:15 PM

Religious differences and murder

by Tom Rees in Epiphenom

Most research into religion looks at how it influences attitudes towards co-religionists. But the flip side to religion is that it can also serve as a foundation for social divisions, in a similar way to ethnic and language barriers.

You might think this could increase social tensions, but new research by Don Soo Chon, at Auburn University at Montgomery, Alabama, suggests that this may not be the case. He looked at how the level of ethnic, linguistic, and religious fragmentation relates to hom........ Read more »

  • August 16, 2011
  • 10:44 AM

Women, romantic goals and science: The evidence just isn’t there

by Marie-Claire Shanahan in Boundary Vision

A critical examination of recent study suggesting that the pursuit of romantic goals hampers women's efforts in science... Read more »

  • August 16, 2011
  • 08:10 AM

Free language choice?

by Ingrid Piller in Language on the Move

Pretty much everyone I know wants to learn English or improve their English – with the exception of those who consider themselves native speakers, obviously. What is more, everyone I know knows that everyone else wants to learn English (the … Continue reading →... Read more »

  • August 15, 2011
  • 12:48 PM

Are the Rich Really Rude? What Science Actually Says

by Psych Your Mind in Psych Your Mind

In a previous post I wrote about how cool it can be for one's research to be picked up by the national media. Last week I was lucky enough to have this happen here, here, and here. The article described in the news is based on a program of research that Professor Dacher Keltner and I started about 7-8 years ago. The goal of our research was to study social class-- that is, the collection of social and material conditions of life that rank us in American society relative to others. ........ Read more »

Kraus, M. W., Piff, P. K., & Keltner, D. (2011) Social Class as Culture: The Convergence of Resources and Rank in the Social Realm. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 20(4), 246-250. info:/10.1177/0963721411414654

  • August 15, 2011
  • 08:14 AM

More people, more ideas – in the long run

by Jason Collins in Evolving Economics

More people means more ideas. This concept underlies arguments ranging from Julian Simon’s belief that human living conditions will continue to improve through to Bryan Caplan’s argument that we should have more kids. While I don’t always take this concept to the extent of Simon or Caplan (as I have posted on before), the concept [...]... Read more »

  • August 15, 2011
  • 03:22 AM

A Ghostwriter Speaks

by Neuroskeptic in Neuroskeptic

PLoS ONE offers the confessions of a former medical ghostwriter: Being the Ghost in the Machine.

The article (which is open access and short, so well worth a read) explains how Linda Logdberg became a medical writer; what excited her about the job; what she actually did; and what made her eventually give it up.

Ghostwriting of course has a bad press at the moment and it's recently been banned by some leading research centres. Ghostwriting certainly is concerning, because of what it implies ab........ Read more »

  • August 15, 2011
  • 12:13 AM

Scent of a Woman

by Krystal D'Costa in Anthropology in Practice

At seventeen I discovered the perfume that would become my signature scent. It’s a warm, rich, inviting fragrance[i] that reminds me (and hopefully others) of a rose garden in full bloom. Despite this fullness, it’s light enough to wear all day and it’s been in the background of many of my life experiences. It announces [...]

... Read more »

  • August 14, 2011
  • 10:46 PM

Kim's the name

by Vivek Venkataraman in sciencebyte

Statistical study of the distribution of Korean family names... Read more »

Baek, S., Minnhagen, P., & Kim, B. (2011) The ten thousand Kims. New Journal of Physics, 13(7), 73036. DOI: 10.1088/1367-2630/13/7/073036  

  • August 14, 2011
  • 05:50 PM

The Wikipedia Gender Gap, Part III

by Hadas Shema in Information Culture

In part I and part II, we discussed several of the gender gaps in Wikipedia. In this part, we'll talk about reverted edits, blocking, and their association with female and male editors. .
Blocking The hypothesis here was that "Female editors are less likely to be blocked." However, there wasn't a statistically significant difference in the percentage of females blocked (4.39%) and males blocked (4.52%). Surprisingly, females were significantly more likely to be blocked indefinitely (3.85% and 3........ Read more »

Lam, S., Uduwage, A., Dong, Z., Sen, S., Musicant, D. R., Terveen, L., & Terveen, J. (2011) WP:Clubhouse? An Exploration of Wikipedia’s Gender Imbalance. WikiSym’11, October 3–5, Mountain View, California. info:/

  • August 13, 2011
  • 04:06 PM

Is entrepreneurship the cure to your woes?

by David Lurie in Setsights

One of the central necessities in any form of personal development, whether in the workplace or otherwise, is awareness. Quite simply, you cannot go through self-development without self-awareness, and you cannot be trained or coached if they in turn aren’t … Continue reading

Related posts:The Flip Side of the Recession
The Judgement of Entrepreneurs
Starter “Self-Help” Books
Networking for the Nervous (Part 1)
Matching Workplace with the DISC Assessment
... Read more »

  • August 13, 2011
  • 12:26 PM

When Theory meets Practice

by Jan Husdal in

What happens when theory meets practice? Theory fails and practice wins? Nowhere is the outcome of this research-versus-practice debate more important than in the supply chain realm, and this article asks what is theory, what constitutes a valuable theoretical contribution and how can theoretical deliberations produce richer explanations and practical applications in supply chain research?... Read more »

  • August 12, 2011
  • 11:44 PM

The Power of Prejudice: A Class Divided

by Psych Your Mind in Psych Your Mind

Do you remember your first brush with prejudice as a child? These students certainly do. A classic in intro social psychology classes, the video I've linked to below details the experiences of a group of students in Riceville, Iowa in 1970 after MLK Jr was shot. The video tells the tale of their teacher pushing them to understand the experience of prejudice, possibly for the first time. I won't give too many details because the video tells the whole story. This video will certainly stick........ Read more »

  • August 12, 2011
  • 11:37 AM

Conflicts in Popular Psychology: Go With Your Gut? Or Think It Through?

by Sam McNerney in Why We Reason

Intuition is one of those iffy concepts. Its purpose, use, and ontology have been heavily debated in its long and contentious history. Western proverbial jargon illustrates this: we’ve been told that he who hesitates is lost, but shouldn’t we look … Continue reading →... Read more »

  • August 12, 2011
  • 07:02 AM

Automatism and the Ambien Defense

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

We’re betting you know what the ‘Ambien Defense’ would be—but that maybe the definition for automatism has escaped you. Generally it refers to a robot, specifically to an autonomous robot—which is a pretty scary thing when you think about it. And in this case, scary things happened. Here’s the story, courtesy of the Fayetteville Observer. Robert [...]

Related posts:Betrayal trauma defense: “She was too distraught to form legal intent”
A comment on affirmative defense strategie........ Read more »

Praveen Kambam, MD, & Phillip Resnick, MD. (2010) Ineffective Counsel and Mental Health Expert Witness Testimony in an Insanity Defense. . Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 38(4). info:/

  • August 12, 2011
  • 12:30 AM

A Case for BioHydrogen

by Sean Gibbons in Ars Scientifica

The hydrocarbon economy is faltering as oil reserves dwindle worldwide (Hirsch, 2008). Commodity prices have begun to fluctuate drastically due to the uncertain cost of petroleum, which resulted in food riots around the world in 2008. With a steadily decreasing energy supply and the demands on energy systems continually growing, the planet is in dire economic, geopolitical, and environmental straits. In order to halt the advance of climate change, prevent ecological collapse, rescue the globa........ Read more »

Agapakis, C., Ducat, D., Boyle, P., Wintermute, E., Way, J., & Silver, P. (2010) Insulation of a synthetic hydrogen metabolism circuit in bacteria. Journal of Biological Engineering, 4(1), 3. DOI: 10.1186/1754-1611-4-3  

Bendall, D., Howe, C., Nisbet, E., & Nisbet, R. (2008) Introduction. Photosynthetic and atmospheric evolution. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 363(1504), 2625-2628. DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2008.0058  

Blankenship, R., & Hartman, H. (1998) The origin and evolution of oxygenic photosynthesis. Trends in Biochemical Sciences, 23(3), 94-97. DOI: 10.1016/S0968-0004(98)01186-4  

Cleaves, H., Chalmers, J., Lazcano, A., Miller, S., & Bada, J. (2008) A Reassessment of Prebiotic Organic Synthesis in Neutral Planetary Atmospheres. Origins of Life and Evolution of Biospheres, 38(2), 105-115. DOI: 10.1007/s11084-007-9120-3  

Fontecilla-Camps, J., Amara, P., Cavazza, C., Nicolet, Y., & Volbeda, A. (2009) Structure–function relationships of anaerobic gas-processing metalloenzymes. Nature, 460(7257), 814-822. DOI: 10.1038/nature08299  

Ghirardi, M., Posewitz, M., Maness, P., Dubini, A., Yu, J., & Seibert, M. (2007) Hydrogenases and Hydrogen Photoproduction in Oxygenic Photosynthetic Organisms . Annual Review of Plant Biology, 58(1), 71-91. DOI: 10.1146/annurev.arplant.58.032806.103848  

Isalan, M., Lemerle, C., Michalodimitrakis, K., Horn, C., Beltrao, P., Raineri, E., Garriga-Canut, M., & Serrano, L. (2008) Evolvability and hierarchy in rewired bacterial gene networks. Nature, 452(7189), 840-845. DOI: 10.1038/nature06847  

NISBET, E., GRASSINEAU, N., HOWE, C., ABELL, P., REGELOUS, M., & NISBET, R. (2007) The age of Rubisco: the evolution of oxygenic photosynthesis. Geobiology, 5(4), 311-335. DOI: 10.1111/j.1472-4669.2007.00127.x  

Schutz, K., Happe, T., Troshina, O., Lindblad, P., Leitao, E., Oliveira, P., & Tamagnini, P. (2004) Cyanobacterial H2 production ? a comparative analysis. Planta, 218(3), 350-359. DOI: 10.1007/s00425-003-1113-5  

Tamagnini, P., Leitao, E., Oliveira, P., Ferreira, D., Pinto, F., Harris, D., Heidorn, T., & Lindblad, P. (2007) Cyanobacterial hydrogenases: diversity, regulation and applications. FEMS Microbiology Reviews, 31(6), 692-720. DOI: 10.1111/j.1574-6976.2007.00085.x  

Tsygankov, A. (2007) Nitrogen-fixing cyanobacteria: A review. Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology, 43(3), 250-259. DOI: 10.1134/S0003683807030040  

WILLE, M., KRAMERS, J., NAGLER, T., BEUKES, N., SCHRODER, S., MEISEL, T., LACASSIE, J., & VOEGELIN, A. (2007) Evidence for a gradual rise of oxygen between 2.6 and 2.5Ga from Mo isotopes and Re-PGE signatures in shales. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 71(10), 2417-2435. DOI: 10.1016/j.gca.2007.02.019  

  • August 11, 2011
  • 03:36 PM

Equality in the Bedroom (and why it matters)

by eHarmony Labs in eHarmony Labs Blog

In the second of the female sexuality series, I ask, what part does equality play when it comes to a satisfying sex life? Read on to find out about the importance of equality with your partner and 7 Do's and Dont's to making the bedroom more harmonious.... Read more »

  • August 11, 2011
  • 12:39 PM

When it’s too crowded to have kids

by Tim De Chant in Per Square Mile

Density can have profound effects on fertility. Population biologists call this phenomenon density dependence, and they’ve witnessed it in everything from single-celled organisms to elephants. It can influence fertility positively—individuals are more likely to meet mates in dense populations—or negatively—increased stress or lower food availability may drive fertility rates down. But despite evidence of the [...]... Read more »

  • August 11, 2011
  • 05:30 AM

Towards or away from?

by David Winter in Careers - in Theory

Think about a recent job change that you made by your own initiative (rather than by force of circumstance, such as redundancy). Why did you change? Had you got so fed up with your previous job that you had to move to preserve your sanity? Or were you tempted away by the opportunities on offer [...]... Read more »

  • August 10, 2011
  • 10:59 PM


by Lachlan Jackson in Language on the Move

Having lived and taught English in Japan for more than fifteen years, until last night I’d thought I’d seen it all. That was until I stumbled across the もし彼氏が外国人だったら英会話 (What if my Boyfriend was a Foreigner English Conversation [my translation]) … Continue reading →... Read more »

Takahashi, Kimie. (2010) Multilingual couple talk: Romance,identity, and the political economy of language. D. Nunan , 199-207. info:/

  • August 10, 2011
  • 03:31 PM

Beware of Jurors Who Feel Downgraded

by Persuasion Strategies in Persuasive Litigator

By Dr. Ken Broda-Bahm - With Standard & Poor's recent decision to deny the U.S. a AAA credit rating, many Americans are feeling a little downgraded about now. For most of us, I can hope, that is a temporary feeling. But for others, especially in these economic times, it is a more constant aspect of their lives. These Americans, including increasingly those who show up for jury duty, are what the researchers call "status inconsistent." They may be higher in social prestige than in economic me........ Read more »

Michael W. Kraus, Paul K. Piff, Dacher Keltner. (2011) Social Class as Culture: The Convergence of Resources and Rank in the Social Realm . Current Directions in Psychological Science, 20(4). info:/

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