In the past couple of posts I've taken a look at new studies that are exploring the complex relationship between religion and suicide. In general, religious people have lower suicide rates, and these are helping to shed light on why, and also why the relationship is not as straightforward as it sometimes seems.
That's the case too, for this third and final recent study on this topic. It examined suicidal feelings among US college students - a critically important issue given that suicide is the........ Read more »
Taliaferro LA, Rienzo BA, Pigg RM Jr, Miller MD, & Dodd VJ. (2009) Spiritual well-being and suicidal ideation among college students. Journal of American college health : J of ACH, 58(1), 83-90. PMID: 19592357
Sibling differentiation, identity development, and the lateral dimension of psychic life From Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association Last week in UK politics some commentators remarked how “brotherly love took a backseat to a lust for power” as the Miliband brothers competed against each other for the position of Labour party leader. Shortly after Ed [...]... Read more »
Vivona, J. (2007) Sibling Differentiation, Identity Development, and the Lateral Dimension of Psychic Life. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 55(4), 1191-1215. DOI: 10.1177/000306510705500405
We live in a world that is full of risk, risks that we to a large degree have created ourselves, and where naturally occuring risk hardly exists anymore. That is a risk society.... Read more »
Hovden, J. (2004) Public policy and administration in a vulnerable society: regulatory reforms initiated by a Norwegian commission. Journal of Risk Research, 7(6), 629-641. DOI: 10.1080/1366987042000192228
Barbara Bramanti (Johannes Gutenberg University, Germany) and coworkers present conclusive biochemical (DNA and protein) evidence that Yersinia pestis, of multiple and possibly extinct lineages, was responsible for the Black Death of medieval Europe. This news feature was written on October 7, 2010.... Read more »
Haensch, S., Bianucci, R., Signoli, M., Rajerison, M., Schultz, M., Kacki, S., Vermunt, M., Weston, D. A., Hurst, D., Achtman, M.... (2010) Distinct Clones of Yersinia pestis Caused the Black Death. PLoS Pathogens, 6(10). DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1001134
There’s a new paper in this week’s issue of Science that suggests that growing a landscape mixed with genetically modified (GM) Bt corn and non-GM hybrid varieties of corn can be mutually beneficial to all corn farmers.
Why? They argue that the populations of GM corn knock down the populations of insect herbivores enough that, on [...]... Read more »
Hutchison, W., Burkness, E., Mitchell, P., Moon, R., Leslie, T., Fleischer, S., Abrahamson, M., Hamilton, K., Steffey, K., Gray, M.... (2010) Areawide Suppression of European Corn Borer with Bt Maize Reaps Savings to Non-Bt Maize Growers. Science, 330(6001), 222-225. DOI: 10.1126/science.1190242
A simple posture change transforms hormone levels in a matter of minutes – and literally makes people more powerful. Previous research has shown that humans and other animals express ... Read more »
Carney, D.R., Cuddy, A.J., & Yap, A.J. (2010) Power Posing: Brief Nonverbal Displays Affect Neuroendocrine Levels and Risk Tolerance. Psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science/ APS. PMID: 20855902
A link round-up on evolutionary psychology, rape, infanticide, and other nasty stuff.... Read more »
Thornhill, R, & Thornhill, NW. (1992) The evolutionary psychology of men's coercive sexuality. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 363-421. info:/
There are three basic schools of thought on the Israel / Palestine thing.Those evil Israelis are out to destroy Palestine, and the Palestinians are just fighting back.Those evil Palestinians are out to destroy Israel, and the Israelis are just fighting back.It's a cycle of violence, where both sides are fighting back against the other.Which one you subscribe to depends mostly on where you were born. I'm not aware of many people who've changed their minds on this issue, perhaps because doing so ........ Read more »
Haushofer J, Biletzki A, & Kanwisher N. (2010) Both sides retaliate in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. PMID: 20921415
Attitudes of Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans toward gay and lesbian service members From Armed Forces & Society The U.S. Department of Defense has long held that, as a general rule, homosexuality is incompatible with military service because it interferes with the factors critical to combat effectiveness and is a perceived risk to national security. [...]... Read more »
Moradi, B., & Miller, L. (2009) Attitudes of Iraq and Afghanistan War Veterans toward Gay and Lesbian Service Members. Armed Forces , 36(3), 397-419. DOI: 10.1177/0095327X09352960
Actions make projects. Projects make career. Career gives meaning to projects and projects give meaning to actions. But how is that useful?... Read more »
Young, R. (2004) The construction of career through goal-directed action. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 64(3), 499-514. DOI: 10.1016/j.jvb.2003.12.012
Dyer, B., Pizzorno, M., Qu, K., Valach, L., Marshall, S., & Young, R. (2010) Unconscious processes in a career counselling case: an action-theoretical perspective. British Journal of Guidance , 38(3), 343-362. DOI: 10.1080/03069885.2010.482395
In his 1931 account of fieldwork in Patagonia, Attending Marvels, the 20th century paleontologist George Gaylord Simpson considered the appropriateness of the phrase “fossil hunting” to his profession:
Fossil hunting is far the most fascinating of all sports. I speak for myself, although I do not see how any true sportsman could fail to agree with [...]... Read more »
Mackness, B.S. (2008) Reconstructing Palorchestes (Marsupialia: Palorchestidae) - from Giant Kangaroo to Marsupial ‘Tapir’. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, 21-36. info:/
The previous post took a look at suicides in Switzerland, with a new study showing that, although the non-religious have a higher suicide rate than the religious, that seems to be largely down to assisted dying.
Switzerland is not like most other countries, however, which is where a new study, from an international team lead by Merike Sisak at the Estonian-Swedish Mental Health and Suicidology Institute, comes in. They looked at data from a major new WHO initiative, SUPRE-MISS. The main objecti........ Read more »
Sisask, M., Varnik, A., Kolves, K., Bertolote, J., Bolhari, J., Botega, N., Fleischmann, A., Vijayakumar, L., & Wasserman, D. (2010) Is Religiosity a Protective Factor Against Attempted Suicide: A Cross-Cultural Case-Control Study. Archives of Suicide Research, 14(1), 44-55. DOI: 10.1080/13811110903479052
by Nestor Lopez-Duran PhD in Child-Psych
Psychiatric disorders are diagnosed by determining the presence of specific symptoms, mostly without regards for what caused the symptoms. That is, if you have a specific number of symptoms and meet some additional criteria, then by definition, you have the disorder. For the most part, the rest of medicine doesn’t work this way. If you [...]... Read more »
Dadds, M., Jambrak, J., Pasalich, D., Hawes, D., & Brennan, J. (2010) Impaired attention to the eyes of attachment figures and the developmental origins of psychopathy. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-7610.2010.02323.x
From Global Health Promotion There is increasing evidence indicating that well-being in high-income societies may be in decline. One influential theory for this trend blames the driving values of materialism, individualism and consumerism in ‘modern’ societies, which in turn exert a damaging influence on well-being. These trends lead to an increase of social and health [...]... Read more »
Hanlon, P., & Carlisle, S. (2009) Is 'modern culture' bad for our health and well-being?. Global Health Promotion, 16(4), 27-34. DOI: 10.1177/1757975909348113
John DeLong (Yale University, United States) and coworkers present a paradoxical finding, namely that a lack of available energy supplies will enable the human population to keep on growing, rather than stabilize, in the coming decades. This news feature was written on October 5, 2010.... Read more »
DeLong, J. P., Burger, O., & Hamilton, M. J. (2010) Current Demographics Suggest Future Energy Supplies Will Be Inadequate to Slow Human Population Growth. PLoS ONE, 5(10). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0013206
When we think of human population change and resource use, it’s easy to assume that more people will consume more resources, such as water, energy, and food. An important corollary is that resource limitations will limit population growth. Thomas Malthus was perhaps the most influential proponent of this idea.
However, several factors complicate this story:
(1) Affluence [...]... Read more »
DeLong, J., Burger, O., & Hamilton, M. (2010) Current Demographics Suggest Future Energy Supplies Will Be Inadequate to Slow Human Population Growth. PLoS ONE, 5(10). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0013206
This paper examines the costs and benefits of single versus multiple sourcing strategies, dependent on probability and consequences of supply disruption, vendor price escalation, inventory and schedule issues, technology access and quality control. [ ... ]... Read more »
Treleven, M. (1988) A risk/benefit analysis of sourcing strategies: Single vs. multiple sourcing. Journal of Operations Management, 7(3-4), 93-114. DOI: 10.1016/0272-6963(81)90007-3
Much has been said about the female preference for resources and the male preference for physical attractiveness, but at the time of James R. Roney's (2003) writing little had been done to tease out cognitive mechanisms that underlie this adaptive preference.Roney thus set out to ascertain the ability of ecological cues to prime and activate psychological constructs related to mate attraction and establish linkages between human mating and social cognition.In his first study, participants - youn........ Read more »
Roney, J. (2003) Effects of Visual Exposure to the Opposite Sex: Cognitive Aspects of Mate Attraction in Human Males. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 29(3), 393-404. DOI: 10.1177/0146167202250221
Intelligence isn’t the only thing that affects your education: family, culture, and other factors are important, too. A new study published in Psychological Science, compared identical and fraternal twins in ... Read more »
Johnson, W., Deary, I.J., Silventoinen, K., Tynelius, P., & Rasmussen, F. (2010) Family background buys an education in Minnesota but not in Sweden. Psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science / APS. PMID: 20679521
Climate change and communicable disease: what are the risks? From Journal of Infection Prevention There is an increasing amount of evidence acknowledging that infectious diseases are associated with heatwaves, storms, floods, fires, and droughts. While we are often made aware of the detrimental effects of climate change on agriculture, fisheries, ecosystems and economies, these in turn [...]... Read more »
Nichols, A., Richardson, J., & Maynard, V. (2010) Climate change and communicable disease: what are the risks?. Journal of Infection Prevention, 11(5), 146-148. DOI: 10.1177/1757177410364869
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