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  • June 28, 2011
  • 11:00 AM

This is your brain in the city

by Tim De Chant in Per Square Mile

For a kid who spent much of his childhood outdoors—alternately splitting time between the wooded park down the street, my friends’ backyards, and a patch of countryside my parent’s tended—I have been spending a lot of time in rather large cities as an adult. Ever since I left college, I’ve lived in cities that count [...]... Read more »

Lederbogen, F., Kirsch, P., Haddad, L., Streit, F., Tost, H., Schuch, P., Wüst, S., Pruessner, J., Rietschel, M., Deuschle, M.... (2011) City living and urban upbringing affect neural social stress processing in humans. Nature, 474(7352), 498-501. DOI: 10.1038/nature10190  

  • June 28, 2011
  • 03:15 AM

Machine-Readable Psychiatry

by Neuroskeptic in Neuroskeptic

The idea of trawling the internet to discover what people think about medications is a fascinating one and I've covered some attempts to do this in the past, but it's not easy. And there's something worrying about where it could lead.A new paper aims to trawl medical records to work out how well depressed patients responded to treatment. The authors used Natural Language Processing or NLP (not that NLP) to interpret electronic medical records from over 5,000 patients treated at hospitals in New ........ Read more »

Perlis RH, Iosifescu DV, Castro VM, Murphy SN, Gainer VS, Minnier J, Cai T, Goryachev S, Zeng Q, Gallagher PJ.... (2011) Using electronic medical records to enable large-scale studies in psychiatry: treatment resistant depression as a model. Psychological medicine, 1-10. PMID: 21682950  

  • June 27, 2011
  • 08:09 AM

That's Right, The Women Are Smarter: Pay Attention to Your Jury's Social Intelligence

by Persuasion Strategies in Persuasive Litigator

"The men totally dominated the discussion the last time,” said JoAnn Chiakulas, the hold-out juror in former Illinois Governor Blagojevich's first corruption trial, “and a lot of the women were not treated very nicely.” Now that the former governor's new jury consists of eleven women and one man you might expect a change in that department. But this second jury has been, as I'm writing this post, deliberating for eleven days. The temptation is to say, "well, it is probably because of t........ Read more »

Woolley AW, Chabris CF, Pentland A, Hashmi N, & Malone TW. (2010) Evidence for a collective intelligence factor in the performance of human groups. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6004), 686-8. PMID: 20929725  

  • June 27, 2011
  • 07:02 AM

Are women just better for your jury?

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

According to some new research, it certainly is possible. This is one of those research papers with very intriguing but totally unexpected results. And now, they’ve replicated the findings twice according to a recent entry at the Harvard Business Review website. What the researchers did was to assess intelligence of research subjects and then assigned [...]

Related posts:Voir Dire: Do you like tall extroverted men?
Women who stalk: Who they are and how they do it
Men married to rich women ar........ Read more »

Woolley AW, Chabris CF, Pentland A, Hashmi N, & Malone TW. (2010) Evidence for a collective intelligence factor in the performance of human groups. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6004), 686-8. PMID: 20929725  

  • June 27, 2011
  • 05:30 AM

The deleterious impact of snacking on journalistic integrity

by Yoni Freedhoff in Weighty Matters

It's been a bad few weeks for obesity related press releases.The first was that press release from CIHI, where its headline and first paragraph served here in Canada, to lead journalists to declare that all that's necessary to combat obesity are 15 minutes of exercise a day, and a diet rich in fruits and vegetables (and consequently anyone who's obese is lazy and eats Ding Dongs for supper).Now there's this one.It came from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and it was released in ........ Read more »

  • June 27, 2011
  • 02:54 AM

“It’s Hard for Me to Say I’m Sorry”

by Krystal D'Costa in Anthropology in Practice

Photo credit here.
Readers may find that the title for this post triggers a certain refrain by Chicago (or BoysIIMen, depending on how old you are). Apologies in advance to those of you who may find yourself humming the chorus on your drive home or while walking through the halls of your workplace or campus. Or while grocery shopping. Or brushing your teeth. (The power of suggestion is a curious thing.) Of course, you may question how sorry I really am considering that I made a conscious deci........ Read more »

de Waal, FB. (2000) Primates--A Natural Heritage of Conflict Resolution. Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5479), 586-90. PMID: 10915614  

Schlenker, B. and Darby, B. (1981) The Use of Apologies in Social Predicaments. Social Psychology Quarterly., 44(3), 271-278. info:/

  • June 27, 2011
  • 01:06 AM

Not knowing English good for business?

by Ingrid Piller in Language on the Move

The current global orthodoxy holds that learning English is good: individuals who know English are supposed to have an advantage in the job market and countries with large English-learning populations are supposed to be “developing” and “modernizing.” Critical sociolinguists have, … Continue reading →... Read more »

NEIL M. COE, JENNIFER JOHNS AND KEVIN WARD. (2012) Limits to expansion: transnational corporations and territorial embeddedness in the Japanese temporary staffing market. Global Networks, 12(1), 1-26. info:/

  • June 26, 2011
  • 06:27 PM

New York and Same-Sex Marriage: When Politics, Personalities, and Persuasion Tricks Collide.

by Melanie Tannenbaum in PsySociety

This has been a big weekend for marriage. In a 33-29 vote, the New York State Senate voted to legalize gay marriage on Friday, June 24th, making it the sixth state to do so — and the most populous. In … Continue reading →... Read more »

Jost, J., Glaser, J., Kruglanski, A., & Sulloway, F. (2003) Political conservatism as motivated social cognition. Psychological Bulletin, 129(3), 339-375. DOI: 10.1037/0033-2909.129.3.339  

Kunda, Z. (1990) The case for motivated reasoning. Psychological Bulletin, 108(3), 480-498. DOI: 10.1037/0033-2909.108.3.480  

Cialdini, Robert B., Vincent, Joyce E., Lewis, Stephen K., Catalan, Jose, Wheeler, Diane, & Darby, Betty Lee. (1975) Reciprocal concessions procedure for inducing compliance: The door-in-the-face technique. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 31(2), 206-215. DOI: 10.1037/h0076284  

  • June 26, 2011
  • 04:50 PM

A random walk model of linguistic complexity

by Sean Roberts in A Replicated Typo 2.0

Large-scale statistical analyses of linguistic typologies (e.g. Lupyan & Dale, 2010) have poor temporal resolution. A correlation between two variables that exists now may be an accident of more complex dynamics. I discuss a random walk model that tries to estimate the probability that a current correlation is dynamically unstable.... Read more »

  • June 26, 2011
  • 03:49 PM

Past, Present and Future of SCM

by Jan Husdal in

What has been written during a decade of academic research in the Supply Chain Management (SCM) field? A lot, obviously, but despite the considerable number of academic contributions, the literature is still very fragmented, and only examines one link of the chain, not the entire network, as it should.... Read more »

GIUNIPERO, L., HOOKER, R., JOSEPH-MATTHEWS, S., YOON, T., & BRUDVIG, S. (2008) A DECADE OF SCM LITERATURE: PAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE IMPLICATIONS. Journal of Supply Chain Management, 44(4), 66-86. DOI: 10.1111/j.1745-493X.2008.00073.x  

  • June 24, 2011
  • 08:58 AM

The Great Atlantic Divide – Why Europeans Riot (but American’s don’t)

by Stuart Farrimond in Dr Stu's Science Blog

A fireball erupts as civilians shriek and run for cover. A security officer burns and a gas mask-wearing man dashes through the smoke. Men beat each another with bats and stones. Shots are fired and grenades hurled as a city centre descends into chaos. Is this a scene from a warzone? No – this is … Continue reading »... Read more »

Alesina, A., Di Tella, R., & MacCulloch, R. (2004) Inequality and happiness: are Europeans and Americans different?. Journal of Public Economics, 88(9-10), 2009-2042. DOI: 10.1016/j.jpubeco.2003.07.006  

  • June 24, 2011
  • 07:02 AM

Simple Jury Persuasion: When does the expert witness need to be prepared?

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

Expert witnesses often think they don’t need to be “prepared” and that “preparation” is a sort of insult to their professionalism.  “I’ve testified 100 times; trust me, I know the drill”. In truth, experts often need more preparation than fact witnesses and it is exactly because of their professional status. It isn’t about the expert’s [...]

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Simple Jury Persuasion: The Alpha Strategies
Simple Jury ........ Read more »

Dvoskin, J.A., & Guy, L.S. (2008) On being an expert witness: It’s not about you. . Psychiatry, Psychology and Law, 15(2). info:/

  • June 23, 2011
  • 11:20 AM

Determine Whether Your Jurors Are Driven by Process or by Verdict

by Persuasion Strategies in Persuasive Litigator

By Dr. Ken Broda-Bahm - When the Casey Anthony jury moves to the deliberation phase in the near future, it is possible to imagine one of two scenarios for how those deliberations discussions will start: Scenario One: Okay, who here feels that she is guilty? Let's just go around the table... Scenario Two: Okay, let's start plowing through the evidence. Where are those binders? Let's just start with the first witness. On the one hand, jurors can begin with a gestalt view of the verdict they want, ........ Read more »

William Hart and Dolores Albarracin. (2011) Craving Activity and Losing Objectivity: Effects of General Action Concepts on Approach to Decision-Consistent Information . Social Psychological and Personality Science. info:/

  • June 23, 2011
  • 10:54 AM

Intentional change

by David Winter in Careers - in Theory

How does change happen? What motivates change? What makes a change sustainable? Richard Boyatzis, Professor of Organizational Behavior at Case Western Reserve University, has the answers… or maybe an answer: Intentional Change Theory. Professor Boyatzis has earned a mention on this blog previously for a natty little theory he developed with David Kolb (of learning [...]... Read more »

  • June 23, 2011
  • 09:00 AM

The Morality of Teenage Fast Food Consumption

by Arya M. Sharma in Dr. Sharma's Obesity Notes

One of the most pervasive beliefs about obesity is that people do this to themselves.
This assumption is closely linked to judgements about morality in the sense that ‘good’ citizens look after themselves by making healthy (’good’) choices, whereas ‘bad’ citizens make unhealthy (’bad’) choices, thereby becoming a drain to healthcare systems and government dollars (and [...]... Read more »

  • June 21, 2011
  • 09:25 PM

Linguistic interactions in the UK

by Sean Roberts in A Replicated Typo 2.0

Ratti et al. (2010) take data from 12 billion telephone calls made over the space of a month and estimate regions of human interaction. The map seems to correlate with regional accent.... Read more »

Ratti, Carlo, Sobolevsky, Stanislav, Calabrese, Francesco, Andris, Clio, Reades, Jonathan, Martino, Mauro, Claxton, Rob, & Strogatz, Steven H. (2010) Redrawing the map of Great Britain from a network of human interaction. PLoS ONE. info:/

  • June 21, 2011
  • 07:44 PM

UK Drugs Strategy: off balance?

by PeaPod in Binge Inking

Does the UK Drugs Strategy offer a balanced approach? What's to be welcomed and what is there to be concerned about? Eric Carlin's paper in "Criminal Justice Matters" sets out his views in a logical manner and acts as an antidote to less tempered opinions predominating this week.... Read more »

  • June 21, 2011
  • 12:44 PM

What can cities do about climate change?

by James Keirstead in James

A review of actions taken by the C40 Cities network shows that not all cities own and operate key parts of their urban infrastructure. This means that if they are going to achieve their ambitious climate change and energy policy goals, then they will need to work together with other levels of government, private sector partners, and civil society.... Read more »

  • June 21, 2011
  • 12:43 PM

Post-Hoc Supernatural Punishers

by Cris Campbell in Genealogy of Religion

In the inaugural issue of Religion, Brain & Behavior, Jeffrey Schloss and Michael Murray examine the idea that belief in supernatural agents is adaptive because these agents are punishers: supernatural policeman if you will. This policing can have two effects. First, belief in supernatural punishment can enhance within group cooperation. Second, it can reduce cheating [...]... Read more »

Schloss, Jeffrey P., & Murray, Michael J. (2011) Evolutionary Accounts of Belief in Supernatural Punishment: A Critical Review. Religion, Brain , 1(1), 46-99. info:/10.1080/2153599X.2011.558707

Brandhorst, Mario. (2010) Naturalism and the Genealogy of Moral Institutions. The Journal of Nietzsche Studies, 5-28. info:/

  • June 21, 2011
  • 12:29 PM

Research Practices on the Web in the Field of Technology Enhanced Learning

by Peter Kraker in Science and the Web

Last week, I attended Websci’11, the 3rd International Conference on Web Science. It was a great experience to engage with such a diverse crowd; there were people from computer science, information science, social science, psychology, philosophy (and some others that I probably missed here) representing many different aspects from this multi-disciplinary field. I am still …Read More... Read more »

Kraker, P., & Lindstaedt, S. (2011) Research Practices on the Web in the Field of Technology Enhanced Learning. Proceedings of the ACM WebSci'11. info:/

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