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  • September 14, 2010
  • 02:05 PM

Peruvian Coffee: Matching Consumption With Production

by Krystal D'Costa in Anthropology in Practice

Spurred by questions from readers, I've expanded the coffee series to include two additional posts on this caffeinated drink that will run this week. If this is your first visit to AiP, you can review our coffee discussions here. This post will consider the question that readers have raised: how can we explain the popularity of instant coffee in coffee producing countries? As a follow-up, on

... Read more »

Klumbyte, Neringa. (2010) The Soviet Sausage Renaissance. American Anthropologist, 112(1), 22-37. info:/

  • September 14, 2010
  • 09:05 AM

What keeps mutualists honest—cake, or death?

by Jeremy Yoder in Denim and Tweed

Somewhat like cooperation between members of the same species, mutually beneficial interactions between different species should be prone to fall apart when one species evolves a way to cheat the other. Biologists who study mutualism (myself included) have long believed that the solution to cheating is to punish cheaters—but a new model suggests that the benefits gained from playing nice might be enough to deter cheating [PDF].

I knew I had to write about this one when I saw that the authors ........ Read more »

  • September 14, 2010
  • 05:30 AM

British ethical foreign policy may be able to justify the intervention in Afghanistan but can it defend the invasion of Iraq?

by SAGE Insight in SAGE Insight

The politics of ethical foreign policy: A responsibility to protect whom? From European Journal of International Relations With the 9/11 anniversary just a few days ago, plus the recent publication of Tony Blair’s autobiography, once again there is much public debate regarding the justification and achievements of the foreign policy implemented over the last decade [...]... Read more »

  • September 14, 2010
  • 02:45 AM

Here's Why Bush Had Better Luck Than Obama In Fighting Anti-Muslim Bigotry

by David Berreby in Mind Matters

In the White House, can a white conservative do more to restrain anti-Islamic bigotry than an African-American progressive? Writing on the anniversary of 9/11, a couple of writers Saturday argued that this is so. Studies on the psychology of prejudice suggest they're right.
Chicken crusaders—Americans who have nothing to fear from Muslims, yet feel free to attack and insult them—are becoming a global problem, as their hatred provokes mirror-image rhetoric in the Muslim worl........ Read more »

  • September 13, 2010
  • 07:13 PM

Finding Truth in a Messy World

by jebyrnes in I'm a chordata, urochordata!

*-note, this was derived from a combination of emails between myself and my former phd advisor. See if you can pick out who is arguing what and where. It’s fun – well, for some of you, anyway. How do we know the world? This is a seemingly simple and vast question – one with no [...]... Read more »

  • September 13, 2010
  • 05:20 PM

An eye for an eye

by Tom Rees in Epiphenom

Religious people are more likely to approve of capital punishment. That's something that's always intrigued me - partly because I find the idea of killing another human being in cold blood absolutely horrific. To be fair, however, there's a lot of variation between different religious groups in the support for the death penalty, and perhaps that holds at least a partial answer. Maybe there's something in the creed of certain religions, or sects within religions, that encourages notions of reveng........ Read more »

  • September 13, 2010
  • 10:52 AM

Shotgun Psychiatry

by Neuroskeptic in Neuroskeptic

There's a paradox at the heart of modern psychiatry, according to an important new paper by Dr Charles E. Dean, Psychopharmacology: A house divided.It's a long and slightly rambling article, but Dean's central point is pretty simple. The medical/biological model of psychiatry assumes that there are such things as psychiatric diseases. Something biological goes wrong, presumably in the brain, and this causes certain symptoms. Different pathologies cause different symptoms - in other words, there ........ Read more »

Dean CE. (2010) Psychopharmacology: A house divided. Progress in neuro-psychopharmacology . PMID: 20828593  

  • September 13, 2010
  • 09:57 AM

When your supplier goes bust…

by Jan Husdal in

Supply chain risk management must look beyond the individual supplier and look at dependencies within the entire supplier portfolio. Such dependencies may not be obvious at first sight, and this paper presents one very good approach towards discovering these dependencies. [ ... ]... Read more »

  • September 13, 2010
  • 07:33 AM

Through the Language Glass (Part 1)

by Chris in The Lousy Linguist

The publisher Henry Holt and Company was kind enough to send me a review copy of Guy Deutscher's new book Through the Language Glass: Why the World Looks Different in Other Languages which bills itself as "demonstrating that language does in fact reflect culture in ways that are anything but trivial" but which also goes beyond that and purports to demonstrate that language affects thought, if only via habits of mind.This is part one of a two part review. I expect to post Part 2 next Monday, Sept........ Read more »

Guy Deutscher. (2010) Through the Language Glass: Why the World Looks Different in Other Languages. Metropolitan Books. info:/

  • September 13, 2010
  • 01:31 AM

When Leaders Sacrifice Group Goals for the Sake of Self-Interest

by Dr Shock in Dr Shock MD PhD

The recent financial crisis is partly due to leaders abusing their power for self-interest. CEO’s and other leaders are responsible for the promotion and welfare of their clients and workers. Instead of wielding their power for the greater good, leaders might be tempted to use their power in self-serving ways. What makes leaders use their [...]

Related posts:On Leading a Research Group
How great leaders inspire action
Conflicts of Interest in Medical Journal Publishing
... Read more »

  • September 12, 2010
  • 05:30 PM

The Dark Side of TESOL

by Kimie Takahashi 高橋君江 in Language on the Move

The latest issue of Cross-Cultural Studies (published by the Center for Cross Cultural Studies, Hyung Hee University, Korea) includes an article about the dark side of TESOL authored by Ingrid Piller, Kimie Takahashi, and Yukinori Watanabe. Based on case studies from … Continue reading →... Read more »

Ingrid Piller, Kimie Takahashi, & Yukinori Watanabe. (2010) The Dark Side of TESOL: The Hidden Costs of the Consumption of English. Cross-Cultural Studies, 183-201. info:/

  • September 12, 2010
  • 12:45 AM

Zero Gains Re-Counting Suicide Deaths

by Ultimo167 in Strong Silent Types

Recent moves in Australia to more accurately record the number of actual suicide deaths does not automatically guarantee enhanced understanding of suicide causation.... Read more »

De Leo, D. (2010) Australia Revises its Mortality Data on Suicide. Crisis (The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention). info:/

  • September 11, 2010
  • 05:12 AM

Distressed Soldiers Screaming Inside

by Ultimo167 in Strong Silent Types

Hegemonic masculinity takes a heavy toll on men in the general community but as Green et al. (2010) discover, an even heavier toll on men in the military. The prohibitions against such men speaking up and seeking help for their heightened emotional distress are many, and severe. Tis preferable, it would seem, for male soldiers to suffer in silence than dare to name their psychic torpor. Is this further evidence for the necessity of peace? I say yes, for sure.... Read more »

  • September 9, 2010
  • 01:13 PM

The Famous Scientist

by Hadas Shema in Information Culture

What makes a scientist famous?Rae Goodell (Later known as Simpson), in her dissertation-turned-book, "The Visible Scientists" studied the visible scientists of the seventies (Sagan, Skinner, Mead, etc.). Her book summarizes the essentials of being a famous scientist.The hardest to achieve is a credible reputation. The visible scientist is an authority. A well-known institution is a must (Harvard/Stanford/Any IV League university). A "Hot Topic". Back in the seventies people talked about the po........ Read more »

Goodell, R. (1977) The visible scientists. Boston : Little, Brown. info:other/0316320005

  • September 9, 2010
  • 12:00 PM

Social Sensitivity Hypothesis and Migration

by Sean Roberts in A Replicated Typo 2.0

Given findings that certain genetic variants will make a person more reliant on social contact under stress, the social sensitivity hypothesis proposes that certain genetic variants ‘fit’ better with certain social structures. In support of this idea, Way and Lieberman (2010) find a correlation between the prevalence of this variant and the level of collectivism (as opposed to individualism) in a society. This post looks at how this effect might interact with migration patterns.... Read more »

Caspi, A., Karen Sugden,, Terrie E. Moffitt,, Alan Taylor,, Ian W. Craig,, HonaLee Harrington,, Joseph McClay,, Jonathan Mill,, Judy Martin,, Antony Braithwaite,.... (2003) Influence of Life Stress on Depression: Moderation by a Polymorphism in the 5-HTT Gene. Science, 301(5631), 386-389. DOI: 10.1126/science.1083968  

  • September 9, 2010
  • 11:54 AM

More on The Social Sensitivity Hypothesis

by Sean Roberts in A Replicated Typo 2.0

In a recent post, James wrote about the Social Sensitivity hypothesis.  Given findings that certain genetic variants will make a person more sensitive to social contact and more reliant on social contact under stress, it proposes that certain genetic variants ‘fit’ better with certain social structures.  In support of this idea, Way and Lieberman (2010) find . . . → Read More: More on The Social Sensitivity Hypothesis... Read more »

Caspi, A., Karen Sugden,, Terrie E. Moffitt,, Alan Taylor,, Ian W. Craig,, HonaLee Harrington,, Joseph McClay,, Jonathan Mill,, Judy Martin,, Antony Braithwaite,.... (2003) Influence of Life Stress on Depression: Moderation by a Polymorphism in the 5-HTT Gene. Science, 301(5631), 386-389. DOI: 10.1126/science.1083968  

  • September 9, 2010
  • 05:30 AM

Minimizing the seriousness of rape through sexism and gender-role traditionality

by SAGE Insight in SAGE Insight

Rape perception and the function of ambivalent sexism and gender-role traditionality From Journal of Interpersonal Violence This article examines the role of sexism and gender-role traditonality in minimizing the seriousness of rape. It recognizes how the perceptions and attitudes of others are important components of the victim’s recovery. In some cases, rape victims suffer not [...]... Read more »

Niwako Yamawaki. (2007) Rape Perception and the Function of Ambivalent Sexism and Gender-Role Traditionality. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 22(4), 406-423. info:/10.1177/0886260506297210

  • September 8, 2010
  • 04:32 PM

Examining infidelity: What makes people cheat?

by SAGE Insight in SAGE Insight

Infidelity Special Issue From The Family Journal Top celebrity news items this week include a kiss and tell story by a female escort revealing her affair with footballer Wayne Rooney and the announcement on behalf of Boyzone singer Ronan Keating and his wife of their permanent split, despite attempts to reconcile. Wayne and Ronan are [...]... Read more »

  • September 8, 2010
  • 12:25 PM

Maximum (un)Sustainable Yield

by Bluegrass Blue Crab in Southern Fried Science

In 1954 and 1957 Gordon and Schaefer respectively described the idea of maximum sustainable yield (MSY) – that is, the amount of fish that could be taken by commercial fishing operations to maximize reproduction by the system year after year. Since then, it has been heralded as the mathematical panacea to fisheries management.
Gordon and Schaefer [...]... Read more »

  • September 8, 2010
  • 08:54 AM

Autistic Toddlers Like Screensavers

by Neuroskeptic in Neuroskeptic

Young children with autism prefer looking at geometric patterns over looking at other people. At least, some of them do. That's according to a new study - Preference for Geometric Patterns Early in Life As a Risk Factor for Autism.Pierce et al took 110 toddlers (age 14 to 42 months). Some of them had autism, some had "developmental delay" but not autism, and some were normally developing.The kids were shown a one-minute video clip. One half of the screen showed some kids doing yoga, while the ot........ Read more »

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