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  • November 7, 2010
  • 01:37 PM
  • 749 views

Happy happy! Joy joy! Increasing positive experiences to improve mood

by Bronwyn Thompson in Healthskills: Skills for Healthy Living

I am sure there will be people who read today’s post who will feel like giving me a bit of a slapping. “How”, they will say, “Are you supposed to get happy when you’re feeling bad?” And I would have been one of these people a few years ago too, given my history of low … Read more... Read more »

  • November 7, 2010
  • 07:49 AM
  • 1,259 views

Life in the dark

by gregdowney in Neuroanthropology

My wife, along with her many other jobs – paid and unpaid – is the local director of a campus exchange program that brings US students to Wollongong, New South Wales.  Because of her background in outdoor education and adventure therapy, she does a great job taking visiting Yanks on weekend activities that get the students to see a side of life in Australia that they might not otherwise see.  From Mystery Bay on the South Coast, to Mount Guluga with an Aboriginal guide, to abseiling (rapel........ Read more »

  • November 7, 2010
  • 01:53 AM
  • 776 views

Boys Equal to Girls in Math Performance

by Ultimo167 in Strong Silent Types

A big meta-analysis by Lindberg et al. (2010) tells the truth yet again: given the right conditions, boys and girls perform equally well in math. What the authors (2010) wonder, and I do too, is how come such stridently sexist stereotypes persist about the capabilities of females to do math, when in fact there is no substance whatsoever to promulgate or sustain such stereotypes? Liberating news for women who like to count and for men, who like me, love poetry…... Read more »

Lindberg, S., Hyde, J., Petersen, J., & Linn, M. (2010) New trends in gender and mathematics performance: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 136(6), 1123-1135. DOI: 10.1037/a0021276  

  • November 6, 2010
  • 05:30 AM
  • 577 views

Should prisoners have a right to vote?

by SAGE Insight in SAGE Insight

The prisoner’s right to vote and civic responsibility: Reaffirming the social contract? From Probation Journal UK headlines this week have caused significant public debate regarding the issue of a prisoner’s right to vote. The current law in the UK is that convicted prisoners (with few exceptions) are denied the right to vote in national or [...]... Read more »

  • November 6, 2010
  • 02:44 AM
  • 1,519 views

German is so funny. Not.

by Ingrid Piller in Language on the Move

Earlier this term I intercepted a note my 7-year-old had written to her teacher: “Ger Ger Ger; Don’t be so rude.” She was objecting to a reading comprehension exercise about sneezing, which included the following information: If someone nearby sneezes, … Continue reading →... Read more »

  • November 5, 2010
  • 06:38 AM
  • 544 views

Victorian Psychology: Was It So Different From Modern Psychology?

by John Wayland in The Darwin Tribune

Psychology is sometimes only thought of as occuring in the 20th century. Indeed, most of Psychology has "happened" in the 20th Century. Freud, Skinner, Bowlby, the Cognitive Revolution, Neuropsychology are just a tiny fraction of who and what happened in the 20th century. Of course, students schooled in the history of psychology will know of it's early founding fathers, Wundt, James and possibly Darwin to name a few. But like many sciences, psychology owes its existence to the scientific en........ Read more »

Barton, R. (2002) Victorian psychology and British culture 1850-1880. Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, 38(4), 411-412. DOI: 10.1002/jhbs.10039  

Vrettos, A. (2005) Victorian Psychology. A Companion to the Victorian Novel. info:/10.1111/b.9781405132916.2005.00006.x

  • November 5, 2010
  • 05:30 AM
  • 581 views

Violent video games cause an increase in aggression long after the game has been turned off

by SAGE Insight in SAGE Insight

From Social Psychological and Personality Science In America this week the US Supreme Court has been hearing a case about the banning of violent video games. For many, this issue has been a concern for a long time in relation to children’s use and the impact of the exposure to their violence. Until now research [...]... Read more »

  • November 4, 2010
  • 07:00 PM
  • 1,113 views

Supply Chain Risk, Vulnerability and Mitigation in Indonesia

by Jan Husdal in husdal.com

Indonesia. A logistical challenge for any supply chain, if not a logistical nightmare, and thus prone to supply chain disruptions. One would think that supply chain risk management would find fertile soil here, but does it? » Read more » » »
... Read more »

  • November 4, 2010
  • 06:28 PM
  • 778 views

Why religious Austrians have more children

by Tom Rees in Epiphenom

On average, the more religious you are, the more kids you'll have. It's a widespread phenomenon, seen across pretty much all of the modern world.

The problem is, no-one really knows why this happens.

It could be something about religious beliefs. Maybe they make you more attractive to potential mates, or maybe they drive you to have more kids once you have found your mate.

Or maybe they encourage traditional, rather than modern, approaches to relationships. The traditional role for women is t........ Read more »

  • November 4, 2010
  • 10:14 AM
  • 1,648 views

C is for Cookie: Cookie Monster, Network Pressure, and Identity Formation

by Krystal D'Costa in Anthropology in Practice



Cookie Monster © Sesame Street
It’s not quite news that Cookie Monster no longer eats cookies. Well, he eats ONE cookie. After he fills up on vegetables! Vegetables!! Understandably, the public was outraged, and in response, Cookie felt the need to clarify: He still eats cookies—for dessert—but he likes fruit and vegetables too. Cookie Monster needed to reassert his identity, so he did what anyone would do: He interviewed with Matt Lauer.* The message was plain:He’s a Cookie Monster a........ Read more »

  • November 4, 2010
  • 05:42 AM
  • 1,672 views

Markets and on farm conservation: it’s complicated

by Jeremy in Agricultural Biodiversity Weblog

Eating blue tortilla chips during a recent visit to the US reminded me that I had intended to blog about a paper just out in the Journal of Latin American Geography. Entitled “Specialty maize varieties in Mexico: A case study in market-driven agro-biodiversity conservation,” it looks in detail at the economics of growing blue and [...]... Read more »

  • November 3, 2010
  • 05:35 AM
  • 339 views

Trusting people make better lie detectors

by SAGE Insight in SAGE Insight

Not pollyannas: Higher generalized trust predicts lie detection ability From Social Psychological and Personality Trusting others may not make you a fool or a Pollyanna, instead it can be a sign that you are smart. This study analyzed participants responses when they viewed interview tapes of people applying for a job, where half the individuals recorded [...]... Read more »

Carter, N., & Mark Weber, J. (2010) Not Pollyannas: Higher Generalized Trust Predicts Lie Detection Ability. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 1(3), 274-279. DOI: 10.1177/1948550609360261  

  • November 3, 2010
  • 05:11 AM
  • 541 views

Little Albert: The Most Famous Baby in Psychology

by John Wayland in The Darwin Tribune

Perhaps one of the most famous and well-known experiments of Behaviourism that many students of Psychology, and the wider population know of is that of the conditioning of "Little Albert" by John Watson.Harris (1979) states that the study is one of the most widely cited in most psychology textbooks. Specifically, Gorenflo & McConnell (1991; cited in Hobbs 2010) state that in 24 introductory psychology books published between 1985-89, "Watson and Rayner (1920)" was the 13th most referenc........ Read more »

Harris, B. (1979) Whatever happened to little Albert?. American Psychologist, 34(2), 151-160. DOI: 10.1037//0003-066X.34.2.151  

Hobbs, S. (2010) Little Albert: Gone But Not Forgotten. History , 12(2), 79-83. info:/

Watson, J., & Rayner, R. (1920) Conditioned emotional reactions. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 3(1), 1-14. DOI: 10.1037/h0069608  

  • November 2, 2010
  • 07:01 PM
  • 984 views

The impact of supply chain glitches

by Jan Husdal in husdal.com

This is an investigation of the effects on shareholder wealth of supply chain glitches that resulted in production or shipment delays, using a sample of 519 announcements made during 1989-2000. On average, shareholder value is decrease by near 11% following an announcement of supply chain problems. » Read more » » »
... Read more »

  • November 2, 2010
  • 05:32 AM
  • 498 views

Twenty years of progress? English education policy 1988 to the present

by SAGE Insight in SAGE Insight

From Educational Management Administration Leadership This article reflects on the changes in policy focus over the last two decades following the 1988 Education Reform Act (ERA). It shows the significant continuities between Conservative and New Labour policies in terms of the drive for an essentially market-based education system, with a trend towards the decentralization of [...]... Read more »

  • November 2, 2010
  • 04:49 AM
  • 681 views

Resilience, catastrophising and positive emotions

by Bronwyn Thompson in Healthskills: Skills for Healthy Living

Catastrophising, or thinking the worst, is one of those psychological factors that we know influences distress and disability in people with chronic pain. It’s quite a common phenomenon, and sometimes can stand us in good stead – after all, if we can think of the worst things that can happen, then plan to avert those … Read more... Read more »

  • November 1, 2010
  • 10:11 PM
  • 793 views

5 ways to gain a lover

by aimee in misc.ience

Yes, it is a shameful, shameful misappropriation of a great song, but I couldn’t help myself.

Not even a little bit.
And seriously, there are, apparently, five different styles of flirting.  An ‘inventory’*, if you will.  And what, pray (or, possibly, prey) are they?  Read on, dear reader!
Traditional
This is based very much in traditional gender roles.  You [...]

[Click on the hyperlinked headline for more of the goodness]... Read more »

Jeffrey A. Hall, Steve Carter, Michael J. Cody, . (2010) Individual Differences in the Communication of Romantic Interest: Development of the Flirting Styles Inventory. Communication Quarterly. info:/10.1080/01463373.2010.524874

  • November 1, 2010
  • 08:35 PM
  • 780 views

The diversity of values held by conservation scientists and why this matters

by Phil Camill in Global Change: Intersection of Nature and Culture


Right up there with climate change, biodiversity conservation is one of the most challenging issues at the intersection of nature and culture.  Part of this challenge arises because of genuine differences in how people value other species.
In an interesting forthcoming article in Conservation Biology, Chris Sandbrook and colleagues at Cambridge University argue that these value [...]... Read more »

SANDBROOK, C., SCALES, I., VIRA, B., & ADAMS, W. (2010) Value Plurality among Conservation Professionals. Conservation Biology. DOI: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2010.01592.x  

  • November 1, 2010
  • 01:21 PM
  • 624 views

Medicine from the deep

by Noam Ross in Noam Ross

Normally I'm fairly skeptical of studies that attempt to put one big number around the value of a global ecosystem service.  In general, studies at such coarse spatial scales have more uncertainty and are not useful at the regional and local levels where decisions are generally made.  Nevertheless, I'm intrigued by this study in the latest Ecological Economics that attempts to put a value marine genetic diveristy on the development of future pharmaceutical products:

....Here, we ........ Read more »

  • November 1, 2010
  • 03:41 AM
  • 549 views

Phrenology: A Beginner's Guide Part 2 - The Founder

by John Wayland in The Darwin Tribune

Continuing on from the basics of Phrenology, today we will discuss it's founder, Franz Joseph Gall.Phrenology: A Beginner's Guide Part 2 - The FounderAccording to Simpson (2005) Gall was a gifted German physician who developed the theory of functional localisation in the brain, and diagnosis by examination of cranial palpation, - Phrenology. Simpson (2005) states that Gall was born in 1758 in Tiefenbrunn and received his medical doctorate ni 1785 in Vienna. Simpson (2005) maintains that as a chi........ Read more »

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