Thanks to John Stevenson for drawing my attention to this one: Giant African Pouched Rats are trained as detectors; a good solution for low-income countries and communities. HeroRATS, as they are called, come in two "models": landmine detectors and tuberculosis detectors. Rats born in captivity (captured rats are impossible to train) are trained to sniff out landmines in historically war-ravaged zones where many landmines are laying unmapped, and using other detection or disposal tech........ Read more »
Poling, A., Weetjens, B., Cox, C., Mgode, G., Jubitana, M., Kazwala, R., Mfinanga, G., & Huis in 't Veld, D. (2010) Using Giant African Pouched Rats to Detect Tuberculosis in Human Sputum Samples: 2009 Findings. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 83(6), 1308-1310. DOI: 10.4269/ajtmh.2010.10-0180
Alan Poling, Bart J. Weetjens, Christophe Cox, Negussie W. Beyene, & Andrew Sully. (2010) USING GIANT AFRICAN POUCHED RATS (CRICETOMYS GAMBIANUS) TO DETECT LANDMINES. The Psychological Record, 60(4), 715-728. info:other/http://opensiuc.lib.siu.edu/tpr/vol60/iss4/11/
The other day I asked for examples of practical post-rationality—changes in law or policy that happened because institutions have stopped assuming that people behave rationally. A number of people wrote in about instances of what Jon Elster calls "precommitment" or "self-binding": Giving up some ...Read More
... Read more »
Yee, N., Bailenson, J., & Ducheneaut, N. (2009) The Proteus Effect: Implications of Transformed Digital Self-Representation on Online and Offline Behavior. Communication Research, 36(2), 285-312. DOI: 10.1177/0093650208330254
“Do you believe in God?” is not the sort of thing you normally expect to hear in a hospital clinic. But for a group women quietly waiting in a breast health clinic, their wait to see the doctor was interrupted by this question. However, this wasn’t an enthusiastic evangelist trying to win a new convert; [...]... Read more »
Gall TL, Charbonneau C, & Florack P. (2011) The relationship between religious/spiritual factors and perceived growth following a diagnosis of breast cancer. Psychology , 26(3), 287-305. PMID: 20309779
Do we need more sophisticated definitions of career success? Although I have got a lot of mileage out of the journal article I wrote about in my last post — I’ve dropped snippets from it into a few talks and workshops lately — there is something very limiting about the ideas of career success used [...]... Read more »
by Melanie Tannenbaum in ionpsych
Let’s start off this post with an exercise in imagination. Imagine that we happen to be big fans of the same team. First, imagine that our favorite team is the underdog in a major sports competition – say, the NCAA … Continue reading →... Read more »
Cialdini, R.B., Borden, R. J., Thorne, A., Walker, M.R., Freeman, S., & Sloan, L.R. (1976) Basking in reflected glory: Three (football) field studies. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 34(3), 366-375. DOI: 10.1037//0022-3518.104.22.1686
Newman ML, Pennebaker JW, Berry DS, & Richards JM. (2003) Lying words: predicting deception from linguistic styles. Personality , 29(5), 665-75. PMID: 15272998
Robert Kurzban responds in the ongoing "adaptive" homophobia kerfuffle (henceforth, the O.A.H.K.) with continued confusion about how biologists identify possible adaptations and test to see whether natural selection is responsible for them. He notes that one effect of natural selection is to remove heritable variation in traits under selection, so that many traits which are probably adaptations—arguably, sometimes the best-adapted traits—actually have zero heritability.
This is true. But it........ Read more »
Godsoe, W., Yoder, J.B., Smith, C.I., Drummond, C., & Pellmyr, O. (2010) Absence of population-level phenotype matching in an obligate pollination mutualism. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 23(12), 2739-2746. DOI: 10.1111/j.1420-9101.2010.02120.x
Verweij, K., Shekar, S., Zietsch, B., Eaves, L., Bailey, J., Boomsma, D., & Martin, N. (2008) Genetic and environmental influences on individual differences in attitudes toward homosexuality: An Australian twin study. Behavioral Genetics, 38(3), 257-265. DOI: 10.1007/s10519-008-9200-9
Above: Jim Henson's Anything Muppets sing "Street Garden Cooperation."
What didn’t Sesame Street teach us? Working together (sometimes) makes things go easier—whether you're a part of a group of Muppets who want a community garden, or perhaps hunter-gatherers managing your existence. Humans are the only species to cooperate to the degree that we do, and this cooperation may have allowed for many other derived social traits related to group living to emerge, including generosity, sharing, t........ Read more »
Hill, K., Walker, R., Bozicevic, M., Eder, J., Headland, T., Hewlett, B., Hurtado, A., Marlowe, F., Wiessner, P., & Wood, B. (2011) Co-Residence Patterns in Hunter-Gatherer Societies Show Unique Human Social Structure. Science, 331(6022), 1286-1289. DOI: 10.1126/science.1199071
As I noted in my recent post on Malcolm Gladwell’s Outliers, Gladwell ignored the possibility that traits with a genetic component other than IQ might play a role in determining success. His approach reminded me of a useful paper by Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis from 2002 on the inheritance of inequality. Bowles and Gintis [...]... Read more »
by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room
Wouldn’t it be handy to be able to predict the future behavior of others? Not to mention kind of disturbing? Like in the 2002 film Minority Report. There are times we have to try—like in assessing future dangerousness for those eligible for parole. And, in those cases, when we are wrong, bad bad things can happen. [...]
Related posts:Predicting case outcomes? Lawyers are pretty dismal at it!
Faulty Logic: Cannabis, psychosis and fish oil
Maybe it really is better to apologize than t........ Read more »
HARRIS, G., RICE, M., & QUINSEY, V. (1993) Violent Recidivism of Mentally Disordered Offenders: The Development of a Statistical Prediction Instrument. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 20(4), 315-335. DOI: 10.1177/0093854893020004001
Does research evidence have to be factual or does creative truth bending provide a necessary contrast? Waidzunas (2011) seems to stay silent on this but does deftly show how a big claim, poorly supported, can become canon law and effectively 'black boxed' from scrutiny, forever. Well, at least until now, perhaps.... Read more »
Waidzunas, T. (2011) Young, Gay, and Suicidal: Dynamic Nominalism and the Process of Defining a Social Problem with Statistics. Science, Technology . info:/
Describes research on communicating love in relationships.... Read more »
Ackerman, J., Griskevicius, V., & Li, N. (2011) Let's get serious: Communicating commitment in romantic relationships. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. DOI: 10.1037/a0022412
In a favourite example of the behavioural economists, research participants are offered the choice between one bottle of wine a month from now and two bottles of wine one month and one day from now (alternatively, substitute cake, money or some other pay-off for wine). Most people will choose the two bottles of wine. However, [...]... Read more »
Sozou, P. (1998) On hyperbolic discounting and uncertain hazard rates. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 265(1409), 2015-2020. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.1998.0534
“You can’t get there from here” are words people seldom like to hear. Nor do they like being stuck in traffic jams. Or walking miles to get home from a train station or bus stop. People will pay good money for a house that can offer them an easy way to get to point B, [...]... Read more »
Another dispatch from the outer reaches of GISland. Yesterday’s post on the likely consequences of climate change around my mother-in-law’s farm in Kenya got me thinking that it would be nice to see where that locality fits in the global vulnerability scene. One can actually do that thanks to a recent paper in Global Ecology [...]... Read more »
Samson, J., Berteaux, D., McGill, B., & Humphries, M. (2011) Geographic disparities and moral hazards in the predicted impacts of climate change on human populations. Global Ecology and Biogeography. DOI: 10.1111/j.1466-8238.2010.00632.x
This paper describes the performance of supply chains based on their elasticities of supply and demand. The model can be used to predict a supply chain’s ability to respond to supply interruptions, cost increases, and demand shifts, while also quantifying the degree to which it is prone to the bullwhip effect. The paper identifies four types of supply chains and examines their distinct operating characters, in particular the impact of rival ﬁrms and the impact of a decoupling point on supply........ Read more »
HULL, B. (2005) The role of elasticity in supply chain performance. International Journal of Production Economics, 98(3), 301-314. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpe.2004.09.013
by Persuasion Strategies in Persuasive Litigator
In fencing, a "riposte" is the act of turning away an attack (a parry) and converting it into a strike back at your opponent. In common conversation, a riposte means answering an attack or an insult with a witty reply. In either case, it is a good come back that converts defense to offense, and that is what expert witnesses need to be looking for when their credentials, methods, or conclusions are being criticized as part of litigation. It may sound obvious to "have a good response," but rece........ Read more »
Foster, E.L. (2010) Anchoring and the Expert Witness Testimony Do Countervailing Forces Offset Anchoring Effects of Expert Witness Testimony. Tennessee Law Review. info:/
The revisions made to the Office for Budgetary Responsibility's growth projections, released to coincide with today's Budget Statement, are in a downward direction, with 2011 growth now anticipated to be 1.7%. This still looks a touch optimistic.The Chancellor of the Exchequer described his Budget as a Budget to fuel growth, but beneath the hype there does not appear to be much fuel in the tank. To some extent this is unsurprising as the Chancellor has already used the Comprehensive Spending Rev........ Read more »
Weizsäcker, G. (2010) Do We Follow Others when We Should? A Simple Test of Rational Expectations. American Economic Review, 100(5), 2340-2360. DOI: 10.1257/aer.100.5.2340
Jesse Bering has responded to criticism—by me, Jon Wilkins, and P.Z. Meyers, among others—of his post about Gordon Gallup's hypothesis that fear of homosexuals is favored by natural selection, in the form of an interview with Gallup. The result is informative, but probably not in the way intended.
To recap: Gallup proposed that homophobia could be adaptive if it prevented gay and lesbian adults from contacting a homophobic parent's children and—either through actual sexual abuse or some ........ Read more »
Arden, N., & Spector, T. (1997) Genetic influences on muscle strength, lean body mass, and bone mineral density: A twin study. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 12(12), 2076-2081. DOI: 10.1359/jbmr.1922.214.171.1246
Berenbaum, M., & Zangerl, A. (1992) Genetics of physiological and behavioral resistance to host furanocoumarins in the parsnip webworm. Evolution, 46(5), 1373-84. DOI: 10.2307/2409943
Campbell, D. (1996) Evolution of floral traits in a hermaphroditic plant: Field measurements of heritabilities and genetic correlations. Evolution, 50(4), 1442-53. DOI: 10.2307/2410882
Gallup, G. (1995) Have attitudes toward homosexuals been shaped by natural selection?. Ethology and Sociobiology, 16(1), 53-70. DOI: 10.1016/0162-3095(94)00028-6
Mousseau, T., & Roff, D. (1987) Natural selection and the heritability of fitness components. Heredity, 59(2), 181-97. DOI: 10.1038/hdy.1987.113
by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room
Most of us know that eye-witnesses are simply notoriously inaccurate but there is some new work out there you should know about. First up, new information on cross-racial identification and then some intriguing information about familiar places and counter-intuitive errors. Cross-racial identification: There’s a large body of research on the inaccuracy of cross-racial identification. Recently [...]
Related posts:BE MORE LIKE ME!
Okay, wait! Which one of you was I listening to?
It may not (........ Read more »
Uttal DH, Friedman A, Hand LL, & Warren C. (2010) Learning fine-grained and category information in navigable real-world space. Memory , 38(8), 1026-40. PMID: 21156867
The Challenge of Climate Change and Energy Policies for Building a Sustainable Society in Japan From Organization & Environment In response to last week’s earthquake and tsunami in Japan, the role and safety risks of nuclear power are being reassessed globally. The 1990s witnessed an unprecedented recognition that environmental problems were occurring at a global [...]... Read more »
Kondoh, K. (2009) The Challenge of Climate Change and Energy Policies for Building a Sustainable Society in Japan. Organization , 22(1), 52-74. DOI: 10.1177/1086026609333418
Do you write about peer-reviewed research in your blog? Use ResearchBlogging.org to make it easy for your readers — and others from around the world — to find your serious posts about academic research.
If you don't have a blog, you can still use our site to learn about fascinating developments in cutting-edge research from around the world.
Research Blogging is powered by SMG Technology.
To learn more, visit seedmediagroup.com.