Ed Yong has a summary of a study which tries to show that proselytizing and overzealous support for an idea or an opinion comes from a lack of confidence in it, or basically, the most adamant proselytizers devote so much time and effort to proselytizing because they’re trying to convince themselves and create a bandwagon [...]... Read more »
Gal, D., & Rucker, D. (2010) When in Doubt, Shout!: Paradoxical Influences of Doubt on Proselytizing. Psychological Science. DOI: 10.1177/0956797610385953
The notion of a domain-specific, language acquisition device is something that still divides linguists. Yet, in an ongoing debate spanning at least several decades, there is still no evidence, at least to my knowledge, for the existence of a Universal Grammar. Although, you’d be forgiven for thinking that the problem was solved many years ago, especially . . . → Read More: Domain-General Regions and Domain-Specific Networks... Read more »
Deacon, T. (2010) Colloquium Paper: A role for relaxed selection in the evolution of the language capacity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 107(Supplement_2), 9000-9006. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0914624107
A central tenet of the population-panic school is that throughout the world, as Chris Hedges wrote last year in his usual Jeremiah-meets-angry-beehive style, we are heading for "an age of extinction and desolation" because "population growth is exploding." This is false: Environmental desolation may indeed be around the corner, but population growth is not the reason.
In fact, population growth rates are in free fall. They have been dropping for nearly 50 years. Thanks to improvements........ Read more »
Baochang, G., Feng, W., Zhigang, G., & Erli, Z. (2007) China's Local and National Fertility Policies at the End of the Twentieth Century. Population and Development Review, 33(1), 129-148. DOI: 10.1111/j.1728-4457.2007.00161.x
Many businesses believe themselves to be nested in a stable environment and are confounded when things suddenly change, and the world today no longer is the same world it was yesterday. While adaptation may work temporarily, transformation and building a resiliency capacity is what works best in the long run. What is it about resilience that is so important, and most importantly, why?... Read more »
Lengnick-Hall, C. (2005) Adaptive Fit Versus Robust Transformation: How Organizations Respond to Environmental Change. Journal of Management, 31(5), 738-757. DOI: 10.1177/0149206305279367
Earlier this year a study published in the Journal of Neuroscience looked at the brains of compulsive gamblers and concluded that when the the gamblers suffered “near-miss” losses their brains reacted as if they had won. Another study published slightly later in the Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behaviour also looked at the brains [...]... Read more »
Chase, H., & Clark, L. (2010) Gambling Severity Predicts Midbrain Response to Near-Miss Outcomes. Journal of Neuroscience, 30(18), 6180-6187. DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.5758-09.2010
Habib, R. . (2010) Neurobehavioral evidence for the “near-miss” effect in pathological gamblers. JOURNAL OF THE EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR, 93(3), 313-328. info:/10.1901/jeab.2010.93-313
Remember how that Na'avi needed their tree of souls? Well, it might not be as obvious to us, but we depend on our forests too.
Dependence on natural resources is often relegated to a characteristic of the rural poor, a reason for development aid to swoop in and provide other economic opportunities. However, a recent article [...]... Read more »
Guo, Z., Zhang, L., & Li, Y. (2010) Increased Dependence of Humans on Ecosystem Services and Biodiversity. PLoS ONE, 5(10). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0013113
Visibilities and Invisibilities in urban development: Small business communities and the London Olympics 2012 From Urban Studies The coming of the London 2012 Olympic Games has been presented as a unique opportunity for the regeneration of east London. This article considers the potential repercussions of regeneration. It warns that the process of clearance of the [...]... Read more »
Raco, M., & Tunney, E. (2010) Visibilities and Invisibilities in Urban Development: Small Business Communities and the London Olympics 2012. Urban Studies, 47(10), 2069-2091. DOI: 10.1177/0042098009357351
This year, the nobel prize for economics was awarded to/shared by Peter A. Diamond of MIT, Dale T. Mortensen of Northwestern University, and Christopher A. Pissarides of the London School of Economics. These three economists were honored for their work relating to government policies and employment and economic growth during recessions. Among some of the many contributions in these areas are the finding that greater unemployment benefits can lead to longer periods of u........ Read more »
Pluchino, A., Rapisarda, A., & Garofalo, C. (2010) The Peter principle revisited: A computational study. Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, 389(3), 467-472. DOI: 10.1016/j.physa.2009.09.045
An empirical analysis of supply chain risk management in the German automotive industry shows that the group using reactive supply chain risk management seems to do better in terms of disruptions resilience or the reduction of the bullwhip effect, whereas the group pursuing preventive supply chain risk management seems to do better as to flexibility or safety stocks. [ ... ]... Read more »
Thun, J., & Hoenig, D. (2009) An empirical analysis of supply chain risk management in the German automotive industry. International Journal of Production Economics. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpe.2009.10.010
Attitudes and beliefs of trainee probation officers: A ‘new breed’? From Probation Journal In recent years the UK Government has been placing less emphasis on the idea of probation as a form of rehabilitation, instead re-framing it as ‘punishment in the community,’ with a focus on protecting the public. It has promoted the idea that [...]... Read more »
Deering, J. (2010) Attitudes and beliefs of trainee probation officers: A 'new breed'?. Probation Journal, 57(1), 9-26. DOI: 10.1177/0264550509354671
Ok, so I was going to write an essay for my Origins of Language module on this but then got distracted by syntax (again) so I thought I’d put my thoughts in a blog post just so they don’t go to waste.
Diana monkeys, like vervet monkeys, use alarm calls to communicate the presence of a predator . . . → Read More: Referential labelling in Diana Monkeys... Read more »
Zuberbuhler, K. (2000) Interspecies semantic communication in two forest primates. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 267(1444), 713-718. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2000.1061
What is the relationship between national identity and politicization? In an era of widespread concerns over terrorism and the integration of minorities in Western societies, this is a relevant question. If one's identification with the new home country increases, what is the consequence for levels and types of political activity? Bernd Simon and Olga Grabow have published some interesting new research on the topic. Looking at Russian migrants in Germany (replicating a design that has previously........ Read more »
Simon, B., & Grabow, O. (2010) The Politicization of Migrants: Further Evidence that Politicized Collective Identity is a Dual Identity. Political Psychology, 31(5), 717-738. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9221.2010.00782.x
Beliefs about science and news frames in audience evaluations of embryonic and adult stem cell research From Science Communication There has been great global attention to the recent announcement that US doctors have begun the first official trial of using human embryonic stem cells in patients after getting the green light from regulators. The shift [...]... Read more »
Stewart, C., Dickerson, D., & Hotchkiss, R. (2008) Beliefs About Science and News Frames in Audience Evaluations of Embryonic and Adult Stem Cell Research. Science Communication, 30(4), 427-452. DOI: 10.1177/1075547008326931
If there is one aspect of chronic pain management that has received more attention than returning to work, I don’t know it! In 1995 when I started working at my current workplace, work was almost a dirty word. I was accused at one time of being a ‘Siberian workcamp’ Commandante because some people thought it … Read more... Read more »
A plea to fund DonorsChoose projects that highlights research on sexism in mathematics instruction.... Read more »
Alessandri SM, & Lewis M. (1993) Parental evaluation and its relation to shame and pride in young children. Sex Roles, 335-343. info:/
Fennema, E., Peterson, P., Carpenter, T., & Lubinski, C. (1990) Teachers attributions and beliefs about girls, boys, and mathematics. Educational Studies in Mathematics, 21(1), 55-69. DOI: 10.1007/BF00311015
Being rejected by their peers hurts all kids, but they vary in the way they react. Some kids deal with rejection by lashing out, which, taken to the extreme, can ... Read more »
Reijntjes, A., Thomaes, S., Bushman, B.J., Boelen, P.A., de Castro, B.O., & Telch, M.J. (2010) The outcast-lash-out effect in youth: alienation increases aggression following peer rejection. Psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science/ APS. PMID: 20739674
Otto Selz isn't a name many psychology students will ever come across often. Unfortunately, it seems with such big names of the 20th Century, such as Freud, Skinner etc taking centre stage, that many other prominent psychologists don't make it into the textbooks. This isn't to suggest their contribution was any less meaningful. On the contrary, today's article focuses on Otto Selz's work and life in the hope that many psychology students will discover a name they might not come across in cl........ Read more »
Newell A Simon HA. (1958) Human Problem Solving. Human Problem Solving. info:/
ter Hark, M. (2010) The psychology of thinking before the cognitive revolution: Otto Selz on problems, schemas, and creativity. History of Psychology, 13(1), 2-24. DOI: 10.1037/a0017442
In "Risk management in a dynamic society: a modelling problem" author Jens Rasmussen argues that risk management includes several levels ranging from legislators, over managers and work planners, to system operators. [ ... ]... Read more »
Rasmussen, J. (1997) Risk management in a dynamic society: a modelling problem. Safety Science, 27(2-3), 183-213. DOI: 10.1016/S0925-7535(97)00052-0
It would seem that overt acts of homophobic violence on campus might be in decline, replaced by a more insidious form of 'antigay' violence. In this study by Jewell and Morrison (2010), they ponder why it is that straight Canadian university students can hold, if not necessarily express, their homophobic attitudes.... Read more »
Jewell, L., & Morrison, M. (2010) "But There's a Million Jokes About Everybody . . .": Prevalence of, and Reasons for, Directing Negative Behaviors Toward Gay Men on a Canadian University Campus. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 25(11), 2094-2112. DOI: 10.1177/0886260509354499
Cliff Huang has created some amazing graphics depicting racial segregation in US cities. What I found fascinating was quite how sharp many of the boundaries are. They're often sharper than you would expect if the causes were simply economic.
That's because there's a powerful social phenomenom at work here, which is simply that people prefer to be with their own 'kind'. If you identify with a particular community, and that community is defined ethnically, then living outside of it can be very un........ Read more »
Scheitle, C., & Dougherty, K. (2010) Race, Diversity, and Membership Duration in Religious Congregations*. Sociological Inquiry, 80(3), 405-423. DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-682X.2010.00340.x
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