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  • July 13, 2011
  • 07:02 AM

When graphic images backfire as persuasive tools

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

There has been a lot of reaction to the new graphic images the FDA will put on cigarette packs. From concerns about the government attempting to ‘regulate cool’ to derision and to concerns about the ‘shock value’ of the images, writers have been expressing their reactions. And so have researchers. There is a long history of research in [...]

Related posts:Images and ads create false memories
Three letter words that make a huge difference
Apology redux: Doing it right (and doing it w........ Read more »

Massachusetts Institute of Technology. (2011) What makes an image memorable?. Science Daily. info:/

  • July 12, 2011
  • 12:42 PM

Drive a lot? Housing density may not be to blame

by Tim De Chant in Per Square Mile

Pushing high density living may seem like a good way to get people out of their cars—saving them money, curbing emissions, and reducing oil dependence—but densification may not be a silver bullet, according to one recent study. The authors dug into the National Household Transportation Survey to examine per household vehicle ownership rates, vehicle miles [...]... Read more »

  • July 11, 2011
  • 07:02 AM

Size does matter—when you are lying

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

We’ve written a number of times about deception and the detection thereof. Our goal continues to be to keep you up to date on what we actually know about the art of detecting deception and what is simply unreliable ‘common wisdom’. There is some really intriguing and interesting research out there including a new study we [...]

Related posts:Deception Detection: The latest on what we know
Liar, Liar, Pants on Fire!
Detecting Deception Using the Law of Sufficient Motivation
... Read more »

Eisenkopf, G., Gurtoviy, R., & Utikal, V. (2011) Size matters –when it comes to lies. University of Konstanz, Department of Economics. info:/

  • July 11, 2011
  • 05:56 AM

The IQ Myth and its Fascist origins – Just how Intelligent are You?

by Stuart Farrimond in Dr Stu's Science Blog

Western culture has a peculiar fascination with ‘intelligence’. I’ve not taken an IQ test for years – and hopefully never will again. Being ‘intelligent’ is held in ludicrously high esteem (second probably only to good looks) that most people think they’ve either got it, or they haven’t. The ‘doctrine’ of an inborn intelligence seems to … Continue reading »... Read more »

White, S. (2000) Conceptual foundations of IQ testing. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 6(1), 33-43. DOI: 10.1037//1076-8971.6.1.33  

Henrich, J., Heine, S., & Norenzayan, A. (2010) The weirdest people in the world?. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 33(2-3), 61-83. DOI: 10.1017/S0140525X0999152X  

Bonthous, J. (1993) Understanding intelligence across cultures. Competitive Intelligence Review, 4(2-3), 12-19. DOI: 10.1002/cir.3880040205  

  • July 10, 2011
  • 05:00 PM

Casey’s Case: What Psychology Says About Anthony’s Acquittal.

by Melanie Tannenbaum in PsySociety

In light of Anthony’s recent murder acquittal, plenty of people have wondered (either angrily or with genuine confusion) how a jury could possibly acquit Casey Anthony when her guilt seemed so apparent to the general public. As it turns out, several legal and psychological characteristics that have historically influenced the outcomes of jury trials may be able to clarify this bewilderment.... Read more »

Devine, D., Clayton, L., Dunford, B., Seying, R., & Pryce, J. (2001) Jury decision making: 45 years of empirical research on deliberating groups. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 7(3), 622-727. DOI: 10.1037//1076-8971.7.3.622  

Bowers, W. J., Sandys, M., & Steiner, B. (1998) Foreclosed impartiality in capital sentencing: Jurors' predispositions, guilt-trial experience, and premature decision making. Cornell Law Review, 1476-1556. info:/

  • July 10, 2011
  • 12:57 PM

Beheading the “Snake God” at Rhino Cave

by Cris Campbell in Genealogy of Religion

Indiana Jones would have loved it: 65,000 years ago, stone age hunters in Africa gathered at night in a hidden cave to worship the giant rock snake that seemed to move in the flickering firelight and hissingly promised fertility so long as the rituals were performed. They came to this place every year during when [...]... Read more »

Coulson, Sheila, Staurset, Sigrid, & Walker, Nick. (2011) Ritualized Behavior in the Middle Stone Age: Evidence from Rhino Cave, Tsodilo Hills, Botswana. PaleoAnthropology, 18-61. info:/10.4207/PA.2011.ART42

  • July 9, 2011
  • 09:11 PM

Teachable Moments in the Life of a Cigarette Smoker

by Dirk Hanson in Addiction Inbox

Child surgery makes smoking parents more likely to try quitting.

Here’s a strange one: Doctors at Mayo Clinic wanted to find out whether children undergoing surgery had any effect on the smoking behavior of their parents. And it did—but the effect appears to be short-lived.

The Mayo researchers began from the already well-tested proposition that smokers who have surgery are more likely to quit smoking. In fact, they quit at twice the rate of smokers who haven’t had surgery. Not hard to........ Read more »

  • July 9, 2011
  • 12:23 PM

Depression: From Treatment to Diagnosis?

by Neuroskeptic in Neuroskeptic

In theory, medicine works like this. You get some signs or symptoms. You go to the doctor, and depending on those, you get a diagnosis. Your doctor decides on the best available treatment on that basis.The logic of this system depends upon the sequence. A diagnosis is meant to be an objective statement about the nature of your illness; treatments (if any) come afterwards. It would be odd if the treatments on offer influenced what diagnosis you got.An interesting paper just out suggests that exac........ Read more »

  • July 8, 2011
  • 05:46 PM

In Germany, Protestant culture is more trusting than Catholic culture

by Tom Rees in Epiphenom

Here's a novel study looking at how religion relates to social trust - you know, how trusting people are of each other. What's novel about it? Well, first off it's a study of Germans, so that's a new perspective we didn't have before.

Even more interestingly, however, it looks at the cultural effects of religion as well as the individual effects. In other words, if there are, say, more Protestants in an area, or more churchgoers, does that make people more trusting? Even if they are not Protest........ Read more »

  • July 8, 2011
  • 03:45 PM

Men Talk about Mars, Women Talk about Venus

by Kristina Killgrove in Powered By Osteons

Last month, a variety of parenting blogs were in an uproar over the story of a Canadian family that didn’t feel like sharing the sex of newborn Storm with the rest of the world. The media had a field day with the notion of raising a “genderless” child, even after Storm’s mother published an explanation making it clear that their goal was to buffer the child against the relentless gender stereotyping we foist on infants from day one. From garish pink onesies that proclaim “Daddy’s ........ Read more »

A. Herdagdelen, & M. Baroni. (2011) Stereotypical gender actions can be extracted from web text. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. info:/

  • July 8, 2011
  • 12:18 PM

Blame the environment for your bad habits

by sciencebase in Sciencebase Science Blog

Live fast, die young. You’re a long time gone. Sleep when you’re dead. The hedonists mantras. Lifestyle choices whether in terms of food consumption, alcohol and drugs or sexual activity are down to the individual. Nannying by governments, who have their own mantras: Smoking Kills, Know your limits, Get your five-a-day, Use protection, etc, all [...]Blame the environment for your bad habits is a post from: Sciencebase Science Blog
... Read more »

Claudio Ricciardi. (2011) Induced harmful lifestyles and healthy choices. Int. J. Environ. Health, 5(3), 262-273. info:/

  • July 8, 2011
  • 07:33 AM

"the definition of “metaphoricity” is problematic in itself"

by Chris in The Lousy Linguist

One of the metaphor recognition papers I read this week had an interesting finding wrt inter-annotator agreement and metaphor: The Automatic Identification of Conceptual Metaphors in Hungarian Texts: A Corpus-based Analysis (Babarczy et a., LREC 2010 Workshop). The purpose of the paper was to run a sort-of bake-off between three methods of creating source/target word lists (to be used by selection preference metaphor recognition system): Three different methods of compiling the word lists w........ Read more »

Anna Babarczy, Ildikó Bencze M., István Fekete, & Eszter Simon. (2010) The Automatic Identification of Conceptual Metaphors in Hungarian Texts: A Corpus-Based Analysis. LREC 2010 Workshop. Proceedings. info:/

  • July 8, 2011
  • 07:02 AM

Simple Jury Persuasion: Another reason to wear red in court!

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

We’ve written about the ‘secret weapon’ power of wearing red in the courtroom for both women and men. If you weren’t convinced in 2010, try again in 2011! While we know red means stop, it also means danger, hot and even dominance (according to a study done on Olympian athletes wearing red). But it doesn’t stop there! [...]

Related posts:Simple Jury Persuasion: Be Powerful in the Courtroom
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Simple Jury Persuasion: I........ Read more »

  • July 7, 2011
  • 12:00 PM

Shifting Stigmas: The Act of Crying in Public

by Krystal D'Costa in Anthropology in Practice

Jimmy Dugan firmly established that there’s no crying in baseball. But what about in public? In New York City, at some point or another you’re going to encounter a crying person—in fact, you could even be the crier. A few weeks ago, I boarded the subway for a short trip uptown. It was the middle [...]

... Read more »

Borgquist, Alvin. (1906) Crying. The American Journal of Psychology, 17(2), 149-205. info:/

Ross, C., & Mirowsky, J. (1984) Men Who Cry. Social Psychology Quarterly, 47(2), 138. DOI: 10.2307/3033942  

  • July 7, 2011
  • 07:33 AM

more on auto metaphor recognition methods

by Chris in The Lousy Linguist

A quick follow-up to my previous post on automatic metaphor recognition. The paper Automatic Metaphor Recognition Based on Semantic Relation Patterns by Tang et al. challenges the dominant selectional preferences method by substituing their own Semantic Relations Patterns. They point out the problems with Selection Preferences (unfortunately I don't think they solved the problems with their own method, more on that in a bit).Again I'll give the Ling 101, computational linguistics for dummie........ Read more »

Xuri Tang, Weiguang Qu, Xiaohe Chen, & Shiwen Yu. (2010) Automatic Metaphor Recognition Based on Semantic Relation Patterns. International Conference on Asian Language Processing. info:/

  • July 6, 2011
  • 10:26 AM

Privacy and the press: An impressive collection of articles plus a recording of the notable Index privacy debate

by SAGE Insight in SAGE Insight

In a piece recently featured on SAGE Insight, we highlight again this timely Index on Censorship issue on privacy, and in addition we draw your attention to the recent  impressive debate organized by Index; you can now  listen to the recording. Index privacy debate: Replay Max Mosley, Hugh Tomlinson QC, Suzanne Moore and David Price QC [...]... Read more »

Brian Cathcart. (2011) Code breakers. Index on Censorship, 40(2). DOI: 10.1177/0306422011410013  

  • July 6, 2011
  • 07:02 AM

The devil wasn’t dancing when the Casey Anthony verdict came in

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

We beg to differ with Nancy Grace. Her memorable comment about the not guilty verdict in the Casey Anthony case was “Somewhere out there, the devil is dancing tonight.”  We’re based in Texas so we love colorful turns of phrase. In this case, however, we simply don’t happen to agree. The Casey Anthony trial received massive (and [...]

Related posts:Pretrial publicity & jury deliberations
The Jury Expert for May 2010 is uploaded
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Ruva, CL, & LeVasseur, MA. (2011) Behind closed doors: The effect of pretrial publicity on jury deliberations. Psychology, Crime . info:/

  • July 6, 2011
  • 06:35 AM

Cultural or universal

by David Winter in Careers - in Theory

In The East and West of Careers Guidance, my colleague Saiyada talked about the Jiva project promoting career development counselling in India. A recent paper by G. Arulmani (2011) expands on some of the cultural concepts that underlie this approach to careers work. I have my reservations about the research presented in the paper which [...]... Read more »

Arulmani, G. (2011) Striking the right note: the cultural preparedness approach to developing resonant career guidance programmes. International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance, 11(2), 79-93. info:/10.1007/s10775-011-9199-y

  • July 6, 2011
  • 03:29 AM

Autism Isn't Very Genetic...Or Is It?

by Neuroskeptic in Neuroskeptic

The environment is more important than genetics in setting the risk for autism, according to a new study that's got the media in a tizzy.The paper, which is free, is here: Genetic Heritability and Shared Environmental Factors Among Twin Pairs With AutismIt's a twin study, and like all such research, it aims to estimate heritability, the proportion of the variability in autism risk caused by straightforward genetic effects. A heritability of 0% means no genetics and 100% means purely genetic. No........ Read more »

Joachim Hallmayer, et al. (2011) Genetic Heritability and Shared Environmental Factors Among Twin Pairs With Autism. Archives of General Psychiatry. info:/

  • July 5, 2011
  • 07:42 PM

The Undiagnosed Epidemic of Incarceration

by Dirk Hanson in Addiction Inbox

Prison once again a place for addicts and the mentally ill.

Readers may remember the dark day of January 1, 2008, when the U.S. set an all-time record: One out of every 100 adults was behind bars. That’s more than 2.3 million people. That’s 25% of all the prisoners in the world—and the world includes some very nasty nations. What gives?

You know the answer: drug crimes. Can it really be a coincidence that over the past 40 years, ever since President Richard Nixon first declared war on ........ Read more »

Rich JD, Wakeman SE, & Dickman SL. (2011) Medicine and the epidemic of incarceration in the United States. The New England journal of medicine, 364(22), 2081-3. PMID: 21631319  

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