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  • March 13, 2014
  • 01:35 PM
  • 783 views

I gained two stone in weight since stopping smoking 10 months ago – why?

by Stuart Farrimond in Guru: Science Blog

Gaining weight is one of the most feared consequences to stopping smoking. So firstly, good on you for kicking the cigarettes. The majority of people will gain some weight after stopping smoking. On average, ex-smokers put on a couple of […]The post I gained two stone in weight since stopping smoking 10 months ago – why? appeared first on Guru Magazine.... Read more »

  • March 12, 2014
  • 11:46 PM
  • 374 views

Evaluating the Binding Affinity of Juglone on 1kms- An In Silico Approach

by JBCG in JScholar Publishers

Cancer is one of the major causes of deaths seen in the humans. This is one of the major problems which have to be addressed with priority. There are many naturally available drugs for cancer. Juglone is a naturally available plant component which has a host of biological roles. This also has proven to be an anticancer drug. In the present article Juglone and Juglone compounds were docked with 1 KMS to evaluate their binding affinities.... Read more »

Shailima RD Vardhini*. (2014) Evaluating the Binding Affinity of Juglone on 1kms- An In Silico Approach. JOURNAL OF BIOINFORMATICS AND COMPARATIVE GENOMICS, 1(1), 1-2. info:/JBCG 1: 102

  • March 12, 2014
  • 07:41 PM
  • 425 views

Canines and Castles: 4th Canine Science Forum Abstract & Early Bird Registration Deadline Friday

by Cobb & Hecht in Do You Believe In Dog?

“Two canine scientists, Julie Hecht and Mia Cobb, met briefly at a conference in Barcelona in late July 2012. They share a passion for canine science, good communication, social media and fun.” So reads the 'About' page at Do You Believe in Dog?. After a brief hello at the 3rd Canine Science Forum in Barcelona, we decided to embark on an adventure as digital pen pals, taking turns blogging on topics related to our own research, that of other research groups and general dog science themes. In the last two years, Do You Believe in Dog? has grown to include a blog with over 100 posts, contributions from guest blogging canine scientists around the world, as well as vibrant Facebook and Twitter communities.Pretty soon, it’ll be time for the 4th Canine Science Forum (Facebook) July 15-17, 2014 in Lincoln, UK! The conference will be proceeded by the 1st Feline Science Forum, July 14, same location, as well as a day dedicated to Companion Animals - Human Health & Disease, July 18, same location (scroll down for the program).This is a reminder that this Friday, March 14, 2014, is the deadline for abstract submission and early bird conference registration.The scientific programme includes a number of already scheduled talks. Read about the invited speakers here: Prof. Benjamin Hart (USA) From the Woods to Home: What Wolves Tell Us About Dog BehaviorDr. Mariana Bentosela (Argentina) ‘Reinforcement effects upon interspecific communication in domestic dogs. What do we know so far?’Dr Erik Axelsson (Sweden) ‘What makes the dog special – The canine genome in comparison with other mammalian genomes’Prof. Clive D. L. Wynne (USA) ‘Comparative Cognition of Dogs and Wolves: What Makes a Dog a Dog?’Prof. Claudio Sillero (UK) ‘What shapes dog society? Cooperation in the wonderfully adaptable Canidae’Dr. John Finarelli (Ireland) ‘Patterns and processes from the fossil record of canids’Prof. James Serpell (USA) Public Lecture ~~Did we mention the Gala Dinner is in a Castle?See you at the 4th Canine Science Forum in Lincoln, UK!Mia and Julie Check out some of the science presented at CSF2012:Cobb M., Branson N. & McGreevy P. (2013). Advancing the welfare of Australia’s iconic working dogs, Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research, 8 (4) e42-e43. DOI: 10.1016/j.jveb.2013.04.054Hecht J. & Horowitz A. (2013). Physical prompts to anthropomorphism of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris), Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research, 8 (4) e30. DOI: 10.1016/j.jve... Read more »

Cobb Mia, Branson Nick, & McGreevy Paul. (2013) Advancing the welfare of Australia’s iconic working dogs. Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research, 8(4). DOI: 10.1016/j.jveb.2013.04.054  

Hecht J., & Horowitz A. (2013) Physical prompts to anthropomorphism of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research, 8(4). DOI: 10.1016/j.jveb.2013.04.013  

Racca A., Range F., Virányi Z., & Huber L. (2013) Discrimination of familiar human faces in domestic dogs. Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research, 8(4). DOI: 10.1016/j.jveb.2013.04.071  

Howell Tiffani J., Toukhsati Samia, Conduit Russell, & Bennett Pauleen. (2013) Do dogs use a mirror to find hidden food?. Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research, 8(6), 425-430. DOI: 10.1016/j.jveb.2013.07.002  

  • March 12, 2014
  • 04:12 PM
  • 346 views

Audience analysis chart

by Olga Vovk in Milchstraße

A helpful way of gathering information about your readers is to conduct an audience analysis using a chart where on the x axis you list all possible and potential audiences you consider and on the y axis list audience analysis questions. ... Read more »

Carrie Ann Koplinka-Loehr. (1984) The Use of Educational Theory in Science Writing: Audience Analysis and Accommodation. Cornell University. info:/

Butcher, G. (2005) Using audience analysis in the development of web sites. American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting. info:other/#ED53B-01

  • March 5, 2014
  • 11:20 PM
  • 350 views

Attachment: measuring our (varying) relationships with dogs.

by Cobb & Hecht in Do You Believe In Dog?

Hi Julie,Right off the bat I need to say YES YES YES! Your last post about aggression and what we can learn from and about it WITHOUT the need to experience it was spot on. Are you THIS attached to your dog? (source)You’re also right that my head is filled with glorious meta-analysis results right now, as well as perceptions and other measures (#allthemeasures!) as I start preparing my abstracts for submission to be part of the Canine Science Forum. One of the small but quirky things I’ve noticed in the results of the perceived welfare of dogs survey, is that people seem to think their own pet dog has a much higher level of welfare than everyone else’s pet dog. Why would we think we take better care of our own dogs than anyone else? Now, this could be to do with the self-selected convenience sample of people who took the online questionnaire. Perhaps the 2,146 people who were interested and motivated enough to take the time to do the survey really are the very top of the pile of all dog owners, but I found it interesting all the same. It got me thinking about our relationships with dogs (Ha! What’s new, right?!). I also happened to have a chat with Hal Herzog (while recording an upcoming episode of Human Animal Science) and, amongst many other things, we talked about how animals and pets aren’t universally beneficial for all people. Some people don’t even like their dogs. We know from extensive research into human psychology that our attitudes are major predictors of our behaviour. So are people who really love their animals more likely to take better care of them? (The answer is no, not always). Why is it that even people like us, who really find dogs fascinating and work with them daily, can feel more of a 'connection' with one individual dog, but not so much another?Definitely attached to dog (source)When faced with a question like this, how do we measure these differences scientifically? We can look at (usually self-reported by the human) measures, such as time per day spent in the company, or interacting/sharing activities with pet dogs. This is valuable, but does not necessarily indicate emotional closeness of a person to their dog.Lucky for me, plenty of psychologists, including earlier members of the Anthrozoology Research Group have tackled this and worked hard to create scales that measure the human-animal bond. The Monash Dog-Owner Relationship Scale, or MDORS as it’s more affectionately known is a great example. MDORS is a series of questions that form a psychometrically sound and validated scale. This scale was developed with the assistance of over 1,000 participants and comprises 28 items (statements that you agree/disagree with on a 5 point likert-style scale) across three subscales: Dog–Owner Interaction (e.g. “How often do you play games with your dog”), Perceived Emotional Closeness (e.g. “I wish my dog and I never had to be apart”), and Perceived Costs (e.g. "It is annoying that I sometimes have to change my plans because of my dog"). A scale like this can be used not just to assess how attached people are to their pet dogs, but also to explore how these attachments might vary between dogs, and with different groups of people (e.g. from different countries, with different cultural, work experience or education backgrounds, etc.), making it a very powerful tool for researchers. (excerpt from ... Read more »

Dwyer Fleur, Bennett Pauleen C., & Coleman Grahame J. (2006) Development of the Monash Dog Owner Relationship Scale (MDORS). Anthrozoos: A Multidisciplinary Journal of The Interactions of People , 19(3), 243-256. DOI: 10.2752/089279306785415592  

Handlin Linda, Nilsson Anne, Ejdebäck Mikael, Hydbring-Sandberg Eva, & Uvnäs-Moberg Kerstin. (2012) Associations between the Psychological Characteristics of the Human–Dog Relationship and Oxytocin and Cortisol Levels. Anthrozoos: A Multidisciplinary Journal of The Interactions of People , 25(2), 215-228. DOI: 10.2752/175303712X13316289505468  

  • March 5, 2014
  • 12:17 AM
  • 321 views

Episode 24: Fetch me a GABA switch

by On Your Mind in On Your Mind

This week on the On Your Mind Neuroscince Podcast: We can’t believe he’s growing up so fast!  Our very own Adel is trying to cut the academic umbilical cord and is en route to a med school interview in Toronto.  But he won’t let career prospects get in the way of his weekly science talk ...read moreThe post Episode 24: Fetch me a GABA switch appeared first on On Your Mind Podcast.... Read more »

Tyzio, R., Nardou, R., Ferrari, D., Tsintsadze, T., Shahrokhi, A., Eftekhari, S., Khalilov, I., Tsintsadze, V., Brouchoud, C., Chazal, G.... (2014) Oxytocin-Mediated GABA Inhibition During Delivery Attenuates Autism Pathogenesis in Rodent Offspring. Science, 343(6171), 675-679. DOI: 10.1126/science.1247190  

  • March 5, 2014
  • 12:03 AM
  • 403 views

Gravitational Changes in Hand -Wrist Volume are Smaller in Older Adults as Compared to Younger Adults

by JCVM in JScholar Publishers

Vascular compliance is a characteristic of the blood vessel wall to expand or contract with changes in pressure, and is reduced with aging or diseases like arteriosclerosis. Our goal was to investigate how hand-volume changes differ with age and to provide a simple non-invasive method to assess vascular compliance. We hypothesized that gravity-related, hand-wrist volume changes are greater in younger than in older healthy volunteers. Thirty-five healthy volunteers were classified into two age groups: young (18-35 years, n=16) and old (50-65 years, n=19).... Read more »

EA Kraus, JM Kim, AR Hargens. (2014) Gravitational Changes in Hand -Wrist Volume are Smaller in Older Adults as Compared to Younger Adults. Journal of Cardiology and Vascular Medicine, 2(1), 1-6. info:/2: 102

  • March 4, 2014
  • 07:19 PM
  • 240 views

Altmetrics: emphasizing the plural

by Hadas Shema in Information Culture

One of the challenges we face when using alternative metrics is the interpretation of what we measure.  This is even more confusing than interpreting traditional citation impact (which is challenging...

-- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

... Read more »

Taylor, M., & Plume, A. (2014) Party papers or policy discussions: an examination of highly shared papers using altmetric data . Research Trends, 17-20. info:/

  • March 3, 2014
  • 11:58 PM
  • 386 views

Pulmonary Hypertension in the RASopathies

by JCVM in JScholar Publishers

The RASopathies are a class of developmental disorders caused by a genetic mutation in the Ras signaling pathway and associated mitogen-activated protein kinases that control the cell cycle, differentiation and senescence. These diseases encompass a diverse set of clinical syndromes including neurofibromatosis type 1 and Noonan syndrome. Although the pathophysiological manifestations of these conditions are diverse, they share some common phenotypic features. The prevalence of pulmonary hypertension in the RASopathies is not well established as compared to cardiac and neurocognitive impairments. This paper reviews the cases of pulmonary hypertension in these member syndromes. Due to the aggressive and often fatal nature of pulmonary hypertension, a diagnosis of a RASopathy should also include screening for pulmonary hypertension.... Read more »

Krishna S. Vyas, Jacqueline A. Noonan. (2014) Pulmonary Hypertension in the RASopathies. Journal of Cardiology and Vascular Medicine, 2(1), 1-6. info:/2: 101

  • March 3, 2014
  • 12:04 AM
  • 406 views

Influence of Temperature on Calcium Carbonate Polymorph formed from Ammonium Carbonate and Calcium Acetate

by JNSM in JScholar Publishers

This research used ammonium carbonate and calcium acetate in the preparation of various calcium carbonate polymorphs for biomimetic composite applications. Biominerals were synthesized at temperatures ranging from 25 to 80 °C to investigate the effect of synthesis temperature on the abundance of vaterite, aragonite, and calcite, delineating regions that are favorable for the formation of these different calcium carbonate polymorphs... Read more »

Philip G Malone, Kevin Torres-Cancel, Robert D Moser, Allison PG, Rae Gore E, Mei Q Chandler, Charles A Weiss, Jr.*. (2014) Influence of Temperature on Calcium Carbonate Polymorph formed from Ammonium Carbonate and Calcium Acetate. Journal of Nanotechnology and Smart Materials, 1(1), 1-6. info:/1: 105

  • March 2, 2014
  • 12:13 AM
  • 453 views

Tree types of audience

by Olga Vovk in Milchstraße

Interestingly enough, as soon as one starts answering audience analysis questions, one realizes that there is more than one potential audience. Sometimes one can count 3 to 6 (and even more) different groups of people who made up for different audiences. Yes they all will read your communication.... Read more »

Carrie Ann Koplinka-Loehr. (1984) The Use of Educational Theory in Science Writing: Audience Analysis and Accommodation. Cornell University. info:/

Butcher, G. (2005) Using audience analysis in the development of web sites. American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting. info:other/#ED53B-01

  • March 1, 2014
  • 04:09 PM
  • 532 views

Forensic Anthropology and Race

by Alexis Delanoir in How to Paint Your Panda

Why are forensic anthropologists so good at identifying race? The reason a forensic anthropologist can identify "race" with a high level of confidence can be narrowed down to two things: (1) a preconception of what "race" is, and (2) an informative prior. This post reviews several studies to clear the water of any misconceptions over whether or not forensic anthropology justifies the biological concept of "race."... Read more »

  • March 1, 2014
  • 04:01 AM
  • 320 views

New Article: Opening Teaching Landscapes

by Ernesto Priego in ePriego

I collaborated with Javiera Atenas (UCL) and Leo Havemann (Birkbeck) in an article now out on Open Praxis, a peer-reviewed open access scholarly journal focusing on research and innovation in open, distance and flexible education. It is published by the International Council for Open and Distance Education - ICDE.... Read more »

Javiera Atenas, Leo Havemann, & Ernesto Priego. (2014) Opening teaching landscapes: The importance of quality assurance in the delivery of open educational resources. Open Praxis, 6(1), 29-43. info:/http://dx.doi.org/10.5944/openpraxis.6.1.81

  • March 1, 2014
  • 01:26 AM
  • 300 views

How real science labs work

by Patrick Mineault in xcorr

I was reading The Antidote – an excellent book on negative thinking, stoicism and the bankruptcy of self-help; via this post on the New Yorker – and I stumbled onto a paper by the psychologist Kevin Dunbar on how science is made. It’s an illuminating read. Dunbar followed 4 molecular biology lab for a year, […]... Read more »

Kevin Dunbar. (1995) How scientists really reason: Scientific reasoning in real-world laboratories. . The nature of insight, Sternberg, Robert J. (Ed); Davidson, Janet E. (Ed), 365-395. info:/

  • February 28, 2014
  • 10:53 PM
  • 414 views

Evaluation of Physicochemical Characteristics of Hydrophobically Modified Glycol Chitosan Nanoparticles and their Biocompatibility in Murine Osteosarcoma and Osteoblast-like Cells

by JNSM in JScholar Publishers

Glycol chitosan, a derivative of chitosan, can be hydrophobically modified by 5ß-cholanic acid to impart amphiphilic properties that enable the self-assembly into nanoparticles in aqueous media at neutral pH. This nanoparticle system has shown initial success as a therapeutic agent in several model cell culture systems, but little is known about its stability against enzymatic degradation. The goal of this research was therefore to investigate the physicochemical properties of hydrophobically modified glycol chitosan nanoparticles (CNP) under exposure to lysozyme, a ubiquitous mammalian enzyme. Dynamic light scattering (DLS) revealed that the CNP vehicles had an average hydrodynamic diameter of 288.6 nm... Read more »

Amanda Chin, Giulia Suarato, Yizhi Meng. (2014) Evaluation of Physicochemical Characteristics of Hydrophobically Modified Glycol Chitosan Nanoparticles and their Biocompatibility in Murine Osteosarcoma and Osteoblast-like Cells. Journal of Nanotechnology and Smart Materials, 1(1), 1-7. info:/1: 104

  • February 28, 2014
  • 08:01 AM
  • 586 views

REGENERATIVE MEDICINE AND YOU: GROWING LUNGS IN THE LAB

by Amy Swanston in Antisense Science

You might remember back in 2008 reading about how scientists had made a breakthrough in regenerative medicine by engineering a human trachea. Since then people have been wondering if the same principles could be applied to more complex body parts. The answer? Yes. Scientists in Texas have grown functioning lungs by using damaged ones as a scaffold to grow new tissue.... Read more »

Nichols JE, Niles JA, & Cortiella J. (2012) Production and utilization of acellular lung scaffolds in tissue engineering. Journal of cellular biochemistry, 113(7), 2185-92. PMID: 22573544  

  • February 27, 2014
  • 08:10 PM
  • 418 views

Hydrophobically Modified Glycol Chitosan Nanoparticles and their Biocompatibility in Murine Osteosarcoma and Osteoblast-like Cells

by JNSM in JScholar Publishers

Glycol chitosan, a derivative of chitosan, can be hydrophobically modified by 5ß-cholanic acid to impart amphiphilic properties that enable the self-assembly into nanoparticles in aqueous media at neutral pH. This nanoparticle system has shown initial success as a therapeutic agent in several model cell culture systems, but little is known about its stability against enzymatic degradation. The goal of this research was therefore to investigate the physicochemical properties of hydrophobically modified glycol chitosan nanoparticles (CNP) under exposure to lysozyme, a ubiquitous mammalian enzyme. Dynamic light scattering (DLS) revealed that the CNP vehicles had an average hydrodynamic diameter of 288.6 nm.... Read more »

Amanda Chin, Giulia Suarato, Yizhi Meng. (2014) Evaluation of Physicochemical Characteristics of Hydrophobically Modified Glycol Chitosan Nanoparticles and their Biocompatibility in Murine Osteosarcoma and Osteoblast-like Cells. Journal of Nanotechnology and Smart Materials, 1(1), 1-7. info:/1: 104

  • February 27, 2014
  • 12:39 AM
  • 502 views

Nanotechnology and Smart Materials for “More than Moore” – It’s a Small World After All!

by JNSM in JScholar Publishers

Ever since Gordon Moore fore told about the future of the integrated circuit (IC) back in 1965 [1], Moore’s law was not only an accurate forecast of the achievements that microelectronics community has made, but also was a yardstick of the appropriate level of the commercial development in microelectronics for the past five decades. Such an amazing pace of the IC technology development was possible essentially because of simple two-dimensional (2D) structure of the metal-oxide-semiconductor (MOS) field effect transistor (FET) invented by Hofstein and Heiman [2]. Putting more transistors in the same chip was possible simply by decreasing 2D feature size of the IC. The never-ending quest for ever and ever smaller feature size (another word, ever and ever increasing numbers of the transistors) in IC is stunning and gate insulation layer thickness today is only a few layers of oxide and the minimum feature size of the IC is sub-20 nm. While keeping this march becomes more challenging, there is no doubt that this amazing “more Moore” march will continue at least for a couple of more decades thanks to numerous innovations in materials, production technologies and a paradigm shift in design like FinFET [3]. However, “more Moore” by feature size reduction can only go so far and year after year we are getting one step closer to the physical limit.... Read more »

Jeong Bong Lee. (2014) Nanotechnology and Smart Materials for “More than Moore” – It’s a Small World After All!. Journal of Nanotechnology and Smart Materials, 1(1), 1-3. info:/1: 102

  • February 25, 2014
  • 11:47 PM
  • 388 views

Drug and Alcohol Consumption and Trade and HIV in the Caribbean: A Review of the Literature

by JAID in JScholar Publishers

This consultancy was granted by the Caribbean Health Research Council (CHRC) to assess the state of the literature on possible links between HIV spread and prevalence of drug and alcohol abuse and trade in the region. The methodology was that of a thematic search of existing literature in databases and books or journal publications. Online materials and UN agency reports of relevance were also consulted. Regular meetings were held with CHRC staff to review progress and edit drafts while staff of the university library went beyond the call of duty to support the project. The review of the literature indicates that many of the relevant publications were methodologically and theoretically weak perhaps because they were done by medical researchers who adopted social science methodology rather uncritically. Most of the research findings proved to be controversial, calling for more research in the Caribbean to firmly confirm or refute any hypothesized links between substance abuse or trade and HIV spread. We recommend that intervention experiments be conducted in the region with greater partnership between biomedical researchers and social scientists to test different hypotheses about causal links and therapeutic or preventive possibilities without criminal justice prejudice or stigma in order to help stem the tides of the epidemics in the region.... Read more »

Biko Agozino. (2013) Drug and Alcohol Consumption and Trade and HIV in the Caribbean: A Review of the Literature. Journal of HIV/AIDS , 1(2), 1-12. info:/Vol 1: 203

  • February 25, 2014
  • 10:24 PM
  • 341 views

Episode 23: Bigger IS Better!!!! (by~0.5%)

by On Your Mind in On Your Mind

  If there’s one thing we’ve learned about grad school, it’s that it’s often a humbling experience.  Well, that and never pass up an opportunity for free food.  Liam’s getting first-hand experience with all the ways to screw up a Western Blot but he’s not giving up!  Meanwhile, Kat’s taken a detour to catch up ...read moreThe post Episode 23: Bigger IS Better!!!! (by~0.5%) appeared first on On Your Mind Podcast.... Read more »

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