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  • August 12, 2013
  • 08:06 PM

Black Dog Syndrome: A Bad Rap?

by Cobb & Hecht in Do You Believe In Dog?

Hi Mia & Julie – Firstly, thanks so much for letting me drop a verse in the rap song of your blog! I feel so awesome being featured. It’s like being Lil Wayne or something. Anyway…I’m just recently back from ISAZ 2013, where I had a most excellent time chatting with other anthrozoologist-y types. As you know, I just graduated from the Anthrozoology Master’s Program at Canisius College, so I was uber-excited to have a chance to share my research with colleagues in the fiel........ Read more »

Fratkin Jamie L., & Baker Suzanne C. (2013) The Role of Coat Color and Ear Shape on the Perception of Personality in Dogs. Anthrozoos: A Multidisciplinary Journal of The Interactions of People , 26(1), 125-133. DOI: 10.2752/175303713X13534238631632  

Protopopova Alexandra, Gilmour Amanda Joy, Weiss Rebecca Hannah, Shen Jacqueline Yontsye, & Wynne Clive David Lawrence. (2012) The effects of social training and other factors on adoption success of shelter dogs. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 142(1-2), 61-68. DOI: 10.1016/j.applanim.2012.09.009  

  • August 10, 2013
  • 06:41 AM

Is Neuroscience Really Too Small?

by Neuroskeptic in Neuroskeptic_Discover

Back in April a paper came out in Nature Reviews Neuroscience that shocked many: Katherine Button et al’s Power failure: why small sample size undermines the reliability of neuroscience It didn’t shock me, though, skeptic that I am: I had long suspected that much of neuroscience (and science in general) is underpowered – that is, [...]The post Is Neuroscience Really Too Small? appeared first on Neuroskeptic.... Read more »

Button KS, Ioannidis JP, Mokrysz C, Nosek BA, Flint J, Robinson ES, & Munafò MR. (2013) Power failure: why small sample size undermines the reliability of neuroscience. Nature reviews. Neuroscience, 14(5), 365-76. PMID: 23571845  

  • August 3, 2013
  • 06:13 PM

Thoughts about altmetrics (an unorganized, overdue post)

by Hadas Shema in Information Culture

I  haven’t written about altmetrics so far. Not because it’s not a worthwhile subject, but because there’s so much I don’t know where to begin. The term “altmetrics” was first suggested in a...

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Stefanie Haustein, Isabella Peters, Judit Bar-Ilan, Jason Priem, Hadas Shema, & Jens Terliesner. (2013) Coverage and adoption of altmetrics sources in the bibliometric community. ISSI conference. arXiv: 1304.7300v1

  • August 3, 2013
  • 03:01 AM

Boys Don’t Cry, But They Can Be Sensitive! Behavioural Descriptions of Counterstereotypical People Cause Greater Prejudice than Personality Descriptions

by Mark Rubin in Mark Rubin's Social Psychology Research Blog

Stereotypes are pretty useful things! We use them to help us to understand and respond to people from a large and diverse array of social groups. But how do people feel about individuals who buck the trend and contradict stereotypes? For example, how do people feel about a man who is crying or a woman who is smoking a cigar!... Read more »

  • August 2, 2013
  • 04:03 AM

Getting Science Right: Fraudulent Scientists

by Katja Keuchenius in United Academics

More and more scientific articles are being retracted because of misconduct. Diederik Stapel, of the anti-social meat eaters, is not even the recordholder. An interview with Adam Marcus, who blogs about retractions.... Read more »

Ferric C. Fang, R. Grant Steen, and, & Arturo Casadevall. (2012) Misconduct accounts for the majority of retracted scientific publications. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America . DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1212247109  

  • July 26, 2013
  • 10:30 AM

Why we need pre-registration

by Dorothy Bishop in bishopblog

There has been a chorus of disapproval this week at the suggestion that researchers should 'pre-register' their studies with journals and spell out in advance the methods and analyses that they plan to do. Those who wish to follow the debate should look at this critique by Sophie Scott, with associated comments, and the responses to it collated by Pete Etchells. They should also read the explanation of the pre-registration proposals and FAQ by Chris Chambers.
Quite simply, pre-regist........ Read more »

  • July 25, 2013
  • 07:20 AM

Google celebrates Rosalind Franklin, British biophysicist and X-ray crystallographer

by GrrlScientist in GrrlScientist

Today's Google Doodle honours pioneering British biophysicist and x-ray crystallographer, Rosalind Franklin... Read more »

Bernal John Desmond. (1958) Dr. Rosalind E. Franklin. Nature, 182(4629), 154-154. DOI: 10.1038/182154a0  

Glynn J. (2008) Rosalind Franklin: 50 years on. Notes and Records of the Royal Society, 62(2), 253-255. DOI: 10.1098/rsnr.2007.0052  

Finch J. T., & Klug A. (1959) Structure of Poliomyelitis Virus. Nature, 183(4677), 1709-1714. DOI: 10.1038/1831709a0  

Creager Angela N. H., & Morgan Gregory J. (2008) After the Double Helix. Isis, 99(2), 239-272. DOI: 10.1086/588626  

  • July 24, 2013
  • 11:14 AM

Mammoth Cloning: the Ethics

by ulian Savulescu in United Academics

he display of a frozen mammoth in Japan has again raised questions as to the possibility of creating a live born clone of extinct animals.

Theoretically, mammoths could be cloned by recovering, reconstructing or synthesizing viable mammoth DNA and injecting it into the egg cell of a modern elephant whose nuclear DNA has been removed; alternatively, mammoth genetic material could be introduced into an elephant genome in order to create a mammoth-elephant hybrid or chimera.

This raises an et........ Read more »

Douglas T, Powell R, & Savulescu J. (2013) Is the creation of artificial life morally significant?. Studies in history and philosophy of biological and biomedical sciences. PMID: 23810562  

  • July 23, 2013
  • 08:32 PM

How is gender bias in science studied? II. Learning from existing data

by Terrific T in Science, I Choose You

This is part 2 of my 4-part series about studying gender bias in science (See part 1). For studies using existing data, we look at information that is already available, and learn from the information through data analysis. The difficulty in these studies is that because you are not in control of how the information […]... Read more »

Schroeder J., Dugdale H. L., Radersma R., Hinsch M., Buehler D. M., Saul J., Porter L., Liker A., De Cauwer I., & Johnson P. J. (2013) Fewer invited talks by women in evolutionary biology symposia. Journal of Evolutionary Biology. DOI: 10.1111/jeb.12198  

  • July 19, 2013
  • 08:14 AM

Animal Research – Results Too Good to Be True?

by Dyani Lewis in United Academics

The road to market for a promising new therapy can be notoriously long and treacherous. Before the first small-scale clinical trials in humans can even be contemplated, a new therapy (such as a drug or surgical procedure) must first pass muster in preclinical animal studies.... Read more »

Tsilidis KK, Panagiotou OA, Sena ES, Aretouli E, Evangelou E, Howells DW, Salman RA, Macleod MR . (2013) Evaluation of excess significance bias in animal studies of neurological diseases. PLoS Biology . DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1001609  

  • July 18, 2013
  • 08:37 PM

Dog-eared books

by Cobb & Hecht in Do You Believe In Dog?

Hi Julie, I loved hearing from Clare Browne about her research into timing of reinforcement in our first guest post last week, and it certainly stimulated lots of great comments and questions on Facebook and Google+.  I know you've been busy Chaser-ing around (lucky ducks, both!) and there's also all those amazing conferences happening this week, what with the ISAZ, IAHAIO and AVSAB events on in Chicago, so just a very quick post from me this w........ Read more »

  • July 17, 2013
  • 04:03 PM

Sunset on Mauna Kea

by Olga Vovk in Milchstraße

Big Island (and particularly Mauna Kea) is the preferred place to train Mars rovers... Read more »

Guy Webster, Rachel Hoover, Dwayne Brown. (2012) NASA Rover's First Soil Studies Help Fingerprint Martian Minerals. NASA web site. info:/

  • July 16, 2013
  • 09:18 AM

How Many Microbes Are Hiding Among Us?

by Guillaume Cote-Maurais in United Academics

We know that we are surrounded by a myriad of microorganisms, but precise characterization of the diversity of this microscopic population was still impossible recently. The difficulty of identifying and characterize microbes in samples arise from the fact that the different conditions used in laboratories to grow microbes are unsuitable for a majority of them. These hard to know microorganism became known as ‘microbial dark matter’, because they were as hard to get a handle on as th........ Read more »

Roseanne F. Zhao, Ph.D. (2013) The Power of Sequencing Single Cell Genomes . NIH Medical Scientist. info:/

  • July 13, 2013
  • 03:56 PM

A New Kind of Peer Review?

by Neuroskeptic in Neuroskeptic_Discover

Writing in the Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, a Dr Yvo Smulders of the Netherlands makes a proposal: A two-step manuscript submission process can reduce publication bias Smulder’s point is that scientific manuscripts should be submitted for peer review with the results and discussion omitted. The reviewers would judge the submission on the strength of the [...]The post A New Kind of Peer Review? appeared first on Neuroskeptic.... Read more »

  • July 11, 2013
  • 06:26 PM

Dog training: Do you get the timing right?

by Cobb & Hecht in Do You Believe In Dog?

Do You Believe in Dog? is approaching our one-year anniversary (Wow! Yay!!!), and in the coming months, we will be opening up the blog to guest posts from other researchers exploring canine behaviour, cognition and welfare. Give a warm welcome to our first guest, Clare Browne from the University of Waikato in New Zealand. Hi Mia and Julie,As you both know from the last Canine Science Forum, my PhD investigates dog-human communication and how this communication affects dog training.(sou........ Read more »

Browne Clare M., Starkey Nicola J., Foster T. Mary, & McEwan James S. (2013) What dog owners read: A review of best-selling books. Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research, 8(4). DOI: 10.1016/j.jveb.2013.04.040  

Browne Clare M., Starkey Nicola J., Foster Mary T., & McEwan James S. (2011) Timing of reinforcement during dog training. Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research, 6(1), 58-59. DOI: 10.1016/j.jveb.2010.09.058  

  • July 10, 2013
  • 08:22 AM

Can We Get Useful Information from Assessing Pain Intensity in Chronic Pain?

by Kim Kristiansen in Picture of Pain

Chronic pain is chronic and thereby will often be present for many years, perhaps the rest of a person’s life. We also know pain intensity changes over time, so how useful information can we really get from assessing pain intensity? And what might be important as well?... Read more »

Kim Kristiansen, M.D. (2013) Can We Get Useful Information from Assessing Pain Intensity in Chronic Pain?. Picture of Pain Blog. info:/

  • July 9, 2013
  • 06:39 PM

No, Google Scholar Shouldn’t be Used Alone for Systematic Review Searching

by Laika in Laika's Medliblog

Several papers have addressed the usefulness of Google Scholar as a source for systematic review searching. Unfortunately the quality of those papers is often well below the mark.

In 2010 I already [1] (in the words of Isla Kuhn [2]) “robustly rebutted” the Anders’ paper “PubMed versus Google Scholar for Retrieving Evidence” [3] at this blog.

But earlier this year another controversial paper was published [4]:

“Is the coverage of google scholar enoug........ Read more »

Gehanno Jean-François, Rollin Laetitia, & Darmoni Stefan. (2013) Is the coverage of Google Scholar enough to be used alone for systematic reviews. BMC medical informatics and decision making. PMID: 23302542  

Giustini Dean, & Kamel Boulos Maged N. (2013) Google Scholar is not enough to be used alone for systematic reviews. Online Journal of Public Health Informatics, 5(2). DOI: 10.5210/ojphi.v5i2.4623  

Chou Wen-ying Sylvia, Prestin Abby, Lyons Claire, & Wen Kuang-yi. (2013) Web 2.0 for Health Promotion: Reviewing the Current Evidence. American Journal of Public Health, 103(1). DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.2012.301071  

  • July 9, 2013
  • 01:29 PM

How is gender bias in science studied? I. Surveys and interviews

by Terrific T in Science, I Choose You

Bias: [mass noun] inclination or prejudice for or against one person or group, especially in a way considered to be unfair – Oxford Dictionaries This is part 1 of my 4-part series about gender bias in science. It is not a surprise that I am interested in gender issues in science. As one who has gone through graduate school […]... Read more »

Ecklund E. H., Lincoln A. E., & Tansey C. (2012) Gender Segregation in Elite Academic Science. Gender , 26(5), 693-717. DOI: 10.1177/0891243212451904  

  • July 6, 2013
  • 08:15 AM

How USA General Knowledge Has Changed, 1980 – 2012

by Neuroskeptic in Neuroskeptic_Discover

“General knowledge” is the body of facts that most people know and are assumed to know. But how general is it? How does it change over time? A lovely little study from Kent State University has revealed how American students in 2012 performed on a comprehensive test of general knowledge that was developed in 1980. By [...]The post How USA General Knowledge Has Changed, 1980 – 2012 appeared first on Neuroskeptic.... Read more »

  • July 3, 2013
  • 11:28 AM

Long Solo Car Trips As Bad As Air Travel

by Matteo Gagliardi in United Academics

Air travel has the biggest impact on the climate per trip, but travelling long distances alone by car could be just as bad for one’s carbon footprint, a new study has found.

The study was conducted by researchers at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) and the Centre for International Climate and Environmental Research – Oslo (CICERO) and published in the journal Environmental Science and Technology.

The researchers compared the climate impacts of di........ Read more »

Jens Borken-Kleefeld, Jan Fuglestvedt, & Terje Berntsen. (2013) Mode, Load, And Specific Climate Impact from Passenger Trips. Environmental Science. DOI: 10.1021/es4003718  

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