Writing in the Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, a Dr Yvo Smulders of the Netherlands makes a proposal: A two-step manuscript submission process can reduce publication bias Smulder’s point is that scientific manuscripts should be submitted for peer review with the results and discussion omitted. The reviewers would judge the submission on the strength of the [...]The post A New Kind of Peer Review? appeared first on Neuroskeptic.... Read more »
Smulders YM. (2013) A two-step manuscript submission process can reduce publication bias. Journal of clinical epidemiology. PMID: 23845183
Do You Believe in Dog? is approaching our one-year anniversary (Wow! Yay!!!), and in the coming months, we will be opening up the blog to guest posts from other researchers exploring canine behaviour, cognition and welfare. Give a warm welcome to our first guest, Clare Browne from the University of Waikato in New Zealand. Hi Mia and Julie,As you both know from the last Canine Science Forum, my PhD investigates dog-human communication and how this communication affects dog training.(sou........ Read more »
Browne Clare M., Starkey Nicola J., Foster T. Mary, & McEwan James S. (2013) What dog owners read: A review of best-selling books. Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research, 8(4). DOI: 10.1016/j.jveb.2013.04.040
Chronic pain is chronic and thereby will often be present for many years, perhaps the rest of a person’s life. We also know pain intensity changes over time, so how useful information can we really get from assessing pain intensity? And what might be important as well?... Read more »
Kim Kristiansen, M.D. (2013) Can We Get Useful Information from Assessing Pain Intensity in Chronic Pain?. Picture of Pain Blog. info:/
Several papers have addressed the usefulness of Google Scholar as a source for systematic review searching. Unfortunately the quality of those papers is often well below the mark.
In 2010 I already  (in the words of Isla Kuhn ) “robustly rebutted” the Anders’ paper “PubMed versus Google Scholar for Retrieving Evidence”  at this blog.
But earlier this year another controversial paper was published :
“Is the coverage of google scholar enoug........ Read more »
Gehanno Jean-François, Rollin Laetitia, & Darmoni Stefan. (2013) Is the coverage of Google Scholar enough to be used alone for systematic reviews. BMC medical informatics and decision making. PMID: 23302542
Giustini Dean, & Kamel Boulos Maged N. (2013) Google Scholar is not enough to be used alone for systematic reviews. Online Journal of Public Health Informatics, 5(2). DOI: 10.5210/ojphi.v5i2.4623
Chou Wen-ying Sylvia, Prestin Abby, Lyons Claire, & Wen Kuang-yi. (2013) Web 2.0 for Health Promotion: Reviewing the Current Evidence. American Journal of Public Health, 103(1). DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.2012.301071
by Terrific T in Science, I Choose You
Bias: [mass noun] inclination or prejudice for or against one person or group, especially in a way considered to be unfair – Oxford Dictionaries This is part 1 of my 4-part series about gender bias in science. It is not a surprise that I am interested in gender issues in science. As one who has gone through graduate school […]... Read more »
“General knowledge” is the body of facts that most people know and are assumed to know. But how general is it? How does it change over time? A lovely little study from Kent State University has revealed how American students in 2012 performed on a comprehensive test of general knowledge that was developed in 1980. By [...]The post How USA General Knowledge Has Changed, 1980 – 2012 appeared first on Neuroskeptic.... Read more »
Sarah K. Tauber et al. (2013) General knowledge norms: Updated and expanded from the Nelson and Narens (1980) norms. Behav Res. DOI: 10.3758/s13428-012-0307-9
Air travel has the biggest impact on the climate per trip, but travelling long distances alone by car could be just as bad for one’s carbon footprint, a new study has found.
The study was conducted by researchers at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) and the Centre for International Climate and Environmental Research – Oslo (CICERO) and published in the journal Environmental Science and Technology.
The researchers compared the climate impacts of di........ Read more »
Jens Borken-Kleefeld, Jan Fuglestvedt, & Terje Berntsen. (2013) Mode, Load, And Specific Climate Impact from Passenger Trips. Environmental Science. DOI: 10.1021/es4003718
Oh Julie! How great was #SPARCS2013? SO VERY, VERY GREAT! I love the buzz that comes from hearing presentations by experts in the various areas of canine science and what the Society for the Promotion of Applied Research in Canine Science achieved over 3 days, AND SHARED GLOBALLY FOR FREE, was just phenomenal!I love that we hung out in little parties in our respective parts of the world - with dogs present! I spent one morning (Australia time, end of a SPARCS day) with my colleague, Kate Mo........ Read more »
Allende J. E. (2012) Rigor–The essence of scientific work. Electronic Journal of Biotechnology, 7(1). http://www.ejbiotechnology.info/index.php/ejbiotechnology/article/view/1112/1494#
There are more and more brain training companies popping up which promise the same deal: improved intelligence. While there are doubts about their results, another sort of brain training has existed since the beginning of humanity: music. The evidence for its effectiveness is surprisingly strong. . . Over the years, researchers have noticed that people […]... Read more »
Bialystok E, & Depape AM. (2009) Musical expertise, bilingualism, and executive functioning. Journal of experimental psychology. Human perception and performance, 35(2), 565-74. PMID: 19331508
Corrigall, KA, & Trainor, LJ. (2011) Associations Between Length of Music Training and Reading Skills in Children. Music Perception: An Interdisciplinary Journal,, 29(2), 147-155. DOI: 10.1525/mp.2011.29.2.147
Ho YC, Cheung MC, & Chan AS. (2003) Music training improves verbal but not visual memory: cross-sectional and longitudinal explorations in children. Neuropsychology, 17(3), 439-50. PMID: 12959510
Hughes CM, & Franz EA. (2007) Experience-dependent effects in unimanual and bimanual reaction time tasks in musicians. Journal of motor behavior, 39(1), 3-8. PMID: 17251166
Kaviani H, Mirbaha H, Pournaseh M, & Sagan O. (2013) Can music lessons increase the performance of preschool children in IQ tests?. Cognitive processing. PMID: 23793255
Roden, I, Grube, D, Bongard, S, & Kreutz, G. (2013) Does music training enhance working memory performance? Findings from a quasi-experimental longitudinal study. Psychology of Music. DOI: 10.1177/0305735612471239
Schellenberg, EG. (2006) Long-Term Positive Associations Between Music Lessons and IQ. Journal of Educational Psychology, 98(2), 457-468. DOI: 10.1037/0022-0618.104.22.1687
Schellenberg EG. (2011) Examining the association between music lessons and intelligence. British journal of psychology, 102(3), 283-302. PMID: 21751987
Vaughn, K. (2000) Music and Mathematics: Modest Support for the Oft-Claimed Relationship. Journal of Aesthetic Education,, 34(3/4), 149-166. DOI: 10.2307/3333641
Fancy doing some Synthetic Biology but you don’t have access to a lab or expensive equipments?
Don’t worry.... Read more »
Gerd H. G. Moe-Behrens, Rene Davis, & Karmella A. Haynes. (2013) Preparing synthetic biology for the world. Frontiers in MICROBIOTECHNOLOGY, ECOTOXICOLOGY AND BIOREMEDIATION. DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2013.00005
Gerd HG Moe-Behrens. (2013) The biological microprocessor, or how to build a computer with biological parts. Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal. DOI: 10.5936/csbj.201204003
Leaders and followers. What makes personality? Photo by Thang Nguyen at Wikimedia Commons.The heart of science lies in existential questions such as "Who am I?" and "Where did I come from?" Yet somehow, these are the very questions that scientists tend to shy away from. It's as if we're afraid that by unraveling the mysteries of our world and ourselves, we'll be left with nothing but a handful of yarn. But many of us see the quest for personal understanding differently - as a journey to gain app........ Read more »
Réale, D., Reader, S., Sol, D., McDougall, P., & Dingemanse, N. (2007) Integrating animal temperament within ecology and evolution. Biological Reviews, 82(2), 291-318. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-185X.2007.00010.x
Huntingford, F.A. (1976) The Relationship between anti-predator behavior and aggression among conspecifics in the three-spined stickleback, Gasterosteus aculeatus. Animal Behaviour, 245-260. info:/
Sinn, D., Moltschaniwskyj, N., Wapstra, E., & Dall, S. (2009) Are behavioral syndromes invariant? Spatiotemporal variation in shy/bold behavior in squid. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 64(4), 693-702. DOI: 10.1007/s00265-009-0887-2
Do blog posts correlate with a higher number of future citations? In many cases, yes, at least for Researchblogging.org (RB). Judit Bar-Ilan, Mike Thelwall and I already used RB, a science blogging aggregator for posts citing peer-reviewed research, in our previous article. RB has many advantages (if you read the previous article’s post, you can [...]... Read more »
Glanzel, W., & Schoepflin, U. (1995) A bibliometric study on ageing and reception processes of scientific literature. Journal of Information Science, 21(1), 37-53. DOI: 10.1177/016555159502100104
Shema H, Bar-Ilan J, & Thelwall M. (2012) Research blogs and the discussion of scholarly information. PloS one, 7(5). PMID: 22606239
Ranging between 26% in UK and 65% in Poland an average of ONLY 48% of Primary Care physicians are using pain assessment tools. At the same time 81% of the same physicians believe that chronic pain and its impact on quality of life is underassessed in primary care.... Read more »
Kim Kristiansen, M.D. (2013) Pain is Underassessed According to Four Out of Five Physicians. Picture of Pain Blog. info:/
Hey Julie! It's the weekend and I'm racing about catching up after an amazing past fortnight! It's been a whirlwind and by gee, do I have some super fun things to tell you about! Working dogs, working together My first news is what has been keeping me flat out busy over the first half of this year, and ESPECIALLY for the past fortnight. I'm excited to introduce to you, the Australian Working Dog Alliance!You know all about my work with the Australian Animal Welfare Strategy (AAWS) wor........ Read more »
Daddy's girl. Photo from freedigitalphotos.net.Let’s take a moment to appreciate just how special dads are. Across the animal kingdom, fathers caring for their young is the exception, not the rule. Paternal care is most often seen in species in which males can be pretty sure that they are indeed the father (for example, in species that fertilize eggs outside of the mothers’ bodies or in socially monogamous species). Mammals rarely act fatherly - Only 10% of mammalian species show pate........ Read more »
Wilkins, J., & Haig, D. (2003) What good is genomic imprinting: the function of parent-specific gene expression. Nature Reviews Genetics, 4(5), 359-368. DOI: 10.1038/nrg1062
If you never got around to buying Peter Suber‘s book “for busy people” about Open Access (OA) publishing , you might be pleased to learn that it’s now available under an Open Access license.... Read more »
Clair, K. (2013) Kevin Michael Clair reviews Open Access, by Peter Suber. The Journal of Academic Librarianship, 39(1), 94. DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2012.11.017
s social psychology in a crisis? Nobel Laureate Daniel Kahneman sparked an online (and laboratory) dustup last fall when he accused certain social psychologists of undermining the credibility of their field. At issue is whether certain experiments can be replicated. Kahneman says they should be. Other scientists have reported that certain popular results can’t. And that’s a problem.... Read more »
Shanks DR, Newell BR, Lee EH, Balakrishnan D, Ekelund L, Cenac Z, Kavvadia F, & Moore C. (2013) Priming intelligent behavior: an elusive phenomenon. PloS one, 8(4). PMID: 23637732
A new study reveals that European primary care physicians find dealing with chronic pain patients to be challenging, but at the same time rate it as a low priority area. Across Europe 84% of the 1308 primary care physicians who participated in the study found, that their initial training in chronic pain management was not comprehensive.... Read more »
Kim Kristiansen, M.D. (2013) The Challenges of Pain Management in Primary Care. Picture of Pain Blog. info:/
We now return to our regular features, “Let’s impugn all the bloggers.” Let’s start with Geoffrey North, using a pulpit of Current Biology.
But there is also, I think, a danger here, which lies in the very speed of response, and the way that blogs are essentially “vanity publications” which lack the constraints of more conventional publishing — they are not reviewed, and do not even have to pass the critical eye of any editor.
North is not alone. Fred Schram, the Journal of Cru........ Read more »
Using multiple regression, I animate state college entrance exam scores controlled for state participation levels and test preference. Then, I review a study on “noncognitive predictors” of college outcomes, which might eventually replace the SAT and ACT.... Read more »
Schmitt N, Keeney J, Oswald FL, Pleskac TJ, Billington AQ, Sinha R, & Zorzie M. (2009) Prediction of 4-year college student performance using cognitive and noncognitive predictors and the impact on demographic status of admitted students. The Journal of applied psychology, 94(6), 1479-97. PMID: 19916657
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