Hi Mia & Julie – Firstly, thanks so much for letting me drop a verse in the rap song of your blog! I feel so awesome being featured. It’s like being Lil Wayne or something. Anyway…I’m just recently back from ISAZ 2013, where I had a most excellent time chatting with other anthrozoologist-y types. As you know, I just graduated from the Anthrozoology Master’s Program at Canisius College, so I was uber-excited to have a chance to share my research with colleagues in the fiel........ Read more »
Fratkin Jamie L., & Baker Suzanne C. (2013) The Role of Coat Color and Ear Shape on the Perception of Personality in Dogs. Anthrozoos: A Multidisciplinary Journal of The Interactions of People , 26(1), 125-133. DOI: 10.2752/175303713X13534238631632
Protopopova Alexandra, Gilmour Amanda Joy, Weiss Rebecca Hannah, Shen Jacqueline Yontsye, & Wynne Clive David Lawrence. (2012) The effects of social training and other factors on adoption success of shelter dogs. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 142(1-2), 61-68. DOI: 10.1016/j.applanim.2012.09.009
Back in April a paper came out in Nature Reviews Neuroscience that shocked many: Katherine Button et al’s Power failure: why small sample size undermines the reliability of neuroscience It didn’t shock me, though, skeptic that I am: I had long suspected that much of neuroscience (and science in general) is underpowered – that is, [...]The post Is Neuroscience Really Too Small? appeared first on Neuroskeptic.... Read more »
Button KS, Ioannidis JP, Mokrysz C, Nosek BA, Flint J, Robinson ES, & Munafò MR. (2013) Power failure: why small sample size undermines the reliability of neuroscience. Nature reviews. Neuroscience, 14(5), 365-76. PMID: 23571845
I haven’t written about altmetrics so far. Not because it’s not a worthwhile subject, but because there’s so much I don’t know where to begin. The term “altmetrics” was first suggested in a...
-- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
... Read more »
Stefanie Haustein, Isabella Peters, Judit Bar-Ilan, Jason Priem, Hadas Shema, & Jens Terliesner. (2013) Coverage and adoption of altmetrics sources in the bibliometric community. ISSI conference. arXiv: 1304.7300v1
Stereotypes are pretty useful things! We use them to help us to understand and respond to people from a large and diverse array of social groups. But how do people feel about individuals who buck the trend and contradict stereotypes? For example, how do people feel about a man who is crying or a woman who is smoking a cigar!... Read more »
Rubin, M., Paolini, S., & Crisp, R. J. (2013) Linguistic description moderates the evaluations of counterstereotypical people. . Social Psychology, 44(4), 289-298. DOI: 10.1027/1864-9335/a000114
More and more scientific articles are being retracted because of misconduct. Diederik Stapel, of the anti-social meat eaters, is not even the recordholder. An interview with Adam Marcus, who blogs about retractions.... Read more »
Ferric C. Fang, R. Grant Steen, and, & Arturo Casadevall. (2012) Misconduct accounts for the majority of retracted scientific publications. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America . DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1212247109
There has been a chorus of disapproval this week at the suggestion that researchers should 'pre-register' their studies with journals and spell out in advance the methods and analyses that they plan to do. Those who wish to follow the debate should look at this critique by Sophie Scott, with associated comments, and the responses to it collated by Pete Etchells. They should also read the explanation of the pre-registration proposals and FAQ by Chris Chambers.
Quite simply, pre-regist........ Read more »
Munafo, M, & Flint, J. (2011) Dissecting the genetic architecture of human personality. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 15(9), 395-400. DOI: 10.1016/j.tics.2011.07.007
Today's Google Doodle honours pioneering British biophysicist and x-ray crystallographer, Rosalind Franklin... Read more »
he display of a frozen mammoth in Japan has again raised questions as to the possibility of creating a live born clone of extinct animals.
Theoretically, mammoths could be cloned by recovering, reconstructing or synthesizing viable mammoth DNA and injecting it into the egg cell of a modern elephant whose nuclear DNA has been removed; alternatively, mammoth genetic material could be introduced into an elephant genome in order to create a mammoth-elephant hybrid or chimera.
This raises an et........ Read more »
Douglas T, Powell R, & Savulescu J. (2013) Is the creation of artificial life morally significant?. Studies in history and philosophy of biological and biomedical sciences. PMID: 23810562
by Terrific T in Science, I Choose You
This is part 2 of my 4-part series about studying gender bias in science (See part 1). For studies using existing data, we look at information that is already available, and learn from the information through data analysis. The difficulty in these studies is that because you are not in control of how the information […]... Read more »
Isbell Lynne A., Young Truman P., Harcourt Alexander H., & Lambert Joanna E. (2012) Stag Parties Linger: Continued Gender Bias in a Female-Rich Scientific Discipline. PLoS ONE, 7(11). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0049682.g002
Schroeder J., Dugdale H. L., Radersma R., Hinsch M., Buehler D. M., Saul J., Porter L., Liker A., De Cauwer I., & Johnson P. J. (2013) Fewer invited talks by women in evolutionary biology symposia. Journal of Evolutionary Biology. DOI: 10.1111/jeb.12198
The road to market for a promising new therapy can be notoriously long and treacherous. Before the first small-scale clinical trials in humans can even be contemplated, a new therapy (such as a drug or surgical procedure) must first pass muster in preclinical animal studies.... Read more »
Tsilidis KK, Panagiotou OA, Sena ES, Aretouli E, Evangelou E, Howells DW, Salman RA, Macleod MR . (2013) Evaluation of excess significance bias in animal studies of neurological diseases. PLoS Biology . DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1001609
Hi Julie, I loved hearing from Clare Browne about her research into timing of reinforcement in our first guest post last week, and it certainly stimulated lots of great comments and questions on Facebook and Google+. I know you've been busy Chaser-ing around (lucky ducks, both!) and there's also all those amazing conferences happening this week, what with the ISAZ, IAHAIO and AVSAB events on in Chicago, so just a very quick post from me this w........ Read more »
Ramos Daniela, Ades Cesar, & Dornhaus Anna. (2012) Two-Item Sentence Comprehension by a Dog (Canis familiaris). PLoS ONE, 7(2). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0029689.g002
van der Zee Emile, Zulch Helen, Mills Daniel, & Dornhaus Anna. (2012) Word Generalization by a Dog (Canis familiaris): Is Shape Important?. PLoS ONE, 7(11). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0049382.s003
Big Island (and particularly Mauna Kea) is the preferred place to train Mars rovers... Read more »
Guy Webster, Rachel Hoover, Dwayne Brown. (2012) NASA Rover's First Soil Studies Help Fingerprint Martian Minerals. NASA web site. info:/
We know that we are surrounded by a myriad of microorganisms, but precise characterization of the diversity of this microscopic population was still impossible recently. The difficulty of identifying and characterize microbes in samples arise from the fact that the different conditions used in laboratories to grow microbes are unsuitable for a majority of them. These hard to know microorganism became known as ‘microbial dark matter’, because they were as hard to get a handle on as th........ Read more »
Roseanne F. Zhao, Ph.D. (2013) The Power of Sequencing Single Cell Genomes . NIH Medical Scientist. info:/
Writing in the Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, a Dr Yvo Smulders of the Netherlands makes a proposal: A two-step manuscript submission process can reduce publication bias Smulder’s point is that scientific manuscripts should be submitted for peer review with the results and discussion omitted. The reviewers would judge the submission on the strength of the [...]The post A New Kind of Peer Review? appeared first on Neuroskeptic.... Read more »
Smulders YM. (2013) A two-step manuscript submission process can reduce publication bias. Journal of clinical epidemiology. PMID: 23845183
Do You Believe in Dog? is approaching our one-year anniversary (Wow! Yay!!!), and in the coming months, we will be opening up the blog to guest posts from other researchers exploring canine behaviour, cognition and welfare. Give a warm welcome to our first guest, Clare Browne from the University of Waikato in New Zealand. Hi Mia and Julie,As you both know from the last Canine Science Forum, my PhD investigates dog-human communication and how this communication affects dog training.(sou........ Read more »
Browne Clare M., Starkey Nicola J., Foster T. Mary, & McEwan James S. (2013) What dog owners read: A review of best-selling books. Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research, 8(4). DOI: 10.1016/j.jveb.2013.04.040
Chronic pain is chronic and thereby will often be present for many years, perhaps the rest of a person’s life. We also know pain intensity changes over time, so how useful information can we really get from assessing pain intensity? And what might be important as well?... Read more »
Kim Kristiansen, M.D. (2013) Can We Get Useful Information from Assessing Pain Intensity in Chronic Pain?. Picture of Pain Blog. info:/
Several papers have addressed the usefulness of Google Scholar as a source for systematic review searching. Unfortunately the quality of those papers is often well below the mark.
In 2010 I already  (in the words of Isla Kuhn ) “robustly rebutted” the Anders’ paper “PubMed versus Google Scholar for Retrieving Evidence”  at this blog.
But earlier this year another controversial paper was published :
“Is the coverage of google scholar enoug........ Read more »
Gehanno Jean-François, Rollin Laetitia, & Darmoni Stefan. (2013) Is the coverage of Google Scholar enough to be used alone for systematic reviews. BMC medical informatics and decision making. PMID: 23302542
Giustini Dean, & Kamel Boulos Maged N. (2013) Google Scholar is not enough to be used alone for systematic reviews. Online Journal of Public Health Informatics, 5(2). DOI: 10.5210/ojphi.v5i2.4623
Chou Wen-ying Sylvia, Prestin Abby, Lyons Claire, & Wen Kuang-yi. (2013) Web 2.0 for Health Promotion: Reviewing the Current Evidence. American Journal of Public Health, 103(1). DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.2012.301071
by Terrific T in Science, I Choose You
Bias: [mass noun] inclination or prejudice for or against one person or group, especially in a way considered to be unfair – Oxford Dictionaries This is part 1 of my 4-part series about gender bias in science. It is not a surprise that I am interested in gender issues in science. As one who has gone through graduate school […]... Read more »
“General knowledge” is the body of facts that most people know and are assumed to know. But how general is it? How does it change over time? A lovely little study from Kent State University has revealed how American students in 2012 performed on a comprehensive test of general knowledge that was developed in 1980. By [...]The post How USA General Knowledge Has Changed, 1980 – 2012 appeared first on Neuroskeptic.... Read more »
Sarah K. Tauber et al. (2013) General knowledge norms: Updated and expanded from the Nelson and Narens (1980) norms. Behav Res. DOI: 10.3758/s13428-012-0307-9
Air travel has the biggest impact on the climate per trip, but travelling long distances alone by car could be just as bad for one’s carbon footprint, a new study has found.
The study was conducted by researchers at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) and the Centre for International Climate and Environmental Research – Oslo (CICERO) and published in the journal Environmental Science and Technology.
The researchers compared the climate impacts of di........ Read more »
Jens Borken-Kleefeld, Jan Fuglestvedt, & Terje Berntsen. (2013) Mode, Load, And Specific Climate Impact from Passenger Trips. Environmental Science. DOI: 10.1021/es4003718
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