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  • March 29, 2016
  • 06:53 AM
  • 341 views

Fairness In Science: What For?

by Francisco Azuaje in United Academics

Why is the quest for fairness in science still relevant today?... Read more »

  • March 25, 2016
  • 06:51 PM
  • 449 views

Mental illness, that’s a funny term isn’t it?

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

In today’s lexicon, the term mental illness is used pretty widely. It can be used to describe someone suffering from depression, to PTSD, to even someone suicidal. In fact, today it is sort of a catch all term for anyone who is involved in a mass shooting here in the US. We are getting off […]... Read more »

Elkington, K., Teplin, L., Abram, K., Jakubowski, J., Dulcan, M., & Welty, L. (2015) Psychiatric Disorders and Violence: A Study of Delinquent Youth After Detention. Journal of the American Academy of Child , 54(4), 302-31200000. DOI: 10.1016/j.jaac.2015.01.002  

Su, J., Chen, J., Lippold, K., Monavarfeshani, A., Carrillo, G., Jenkins, R., & Fox, M. (2016) Collagen-derived matricryptins promote inhibitory nerve terminal formation in the developing neocortex. The Journal of Cell Biology, 212(6), 721-736. DOI: 10.1083/jcb.201509085  

Jacobs, R., Barba, A., Gowins, J., Klumpp, H., Jenkins, L., Mickey, B., Ajilore, O., Peciña, M., Sikora, M., Ryan, K.... (2016) Decoupling of the amygdala to other salience network regions in adolescent-onset recurrent major depressive disorder. Psychological Medicine, 1-13. DOI: 10.1017/S0033291715002615  

  • March 25, 2016
  • 05:42 AM
  • 299 views

Blocks & Locks...

by AG McCluskey in Zongo's Cancer Diaries

Drug Discovery, Part II

This posts talks about the next stages of Drug Discovery. How is an initial hit first found? And why is it like Lego?... Read more »

AG McCluskey. (2016) Blocks . Zongo's Cancer Diaries. info:/

  • March 18, 2016
  • 11:20 PM
  • 358 views

Supporting Instructional Analogies

by Joshua Fisher in Text Savvy

Hong Kong and Japanese teachers appear to be more attentive to the processing demands of relational comparisons than are U.S teachers. Their teaching reflects the use of strategies to reduce processing demands on their students. Such differences in adherence to sound cognitive principles may have a real impact on the likelihood that students benefit from analogies as instructional tools.... Read more »

  • March 18, 2016
  • 09:22 AM
  • 354 views

The Rise And Fall Of Alexandria’s Library

by Rita dos Santos Silva in United Academics

Knowledge sharing: from Alexandria’s Library to Open Access... Read more »

  • March 17, 2016
  • 11:09 AM
  • 425 views

Once upon a time… On the origin of fairytales

by Gunnar De Winter in United Academics

Researchers uncover the origins of fairy tales through evolutionary biology’s methods... Read more »

  • March 17, 2016
  • 11:09 AM
  • 402 views

Once upon a time… On the origin of fairytales

by Gunnar De Winter in United Academics

Researchers uncover the origins of fairy tales through evolutionary biology’s methods... Read more »

  • March 15, 2016
  • 07:34 AM
  • 355 views

Where Have All The Bad Scientific Talks Gone?

by Francisco Azuaje in United Academics

Science meetings should be more than a space for self-promotion and dullness.... Read more »

Edward O. Wilson. (2013) Letters to a young scientist. Choice Reviews Online, 51(02), 51-51. DOI: 10.5860/CHOICE.51-0846  

  • March 11, 2016
  • 08:26 AM
  • 380 views

Kill "Bill" !!!

by AG McCluskey in Zongo's Cancer Diaries

Drug Discovery, Part I

How does Drug Discovery start? How are targets identified? Time for Epidemiology 101... Read more »

AG McCluskey. (2016) Kill "Bill". Zongo's Cancer Diaries. info:/

  • March 8, 2016
  • 06:47 AM
  • 441 views

How Einstein Could Still Save the Earth

by Jeffrey Daniels in United Academics

Gravitational waves, detected by LIGO, might have implications for finding black holes.... Read more »

  • March 5, 2016
  • 05:30 PM
  • 440 views

Retrieval Practice Effective for Young Students

by Joshua Fisher in Text Savvy

These results are about as straightforward as they come in the social sciences. In an article published in Frontiers in Psychology, researchers report the results of three experiments which show that the benefits of retrieval practice (practice with retrieving items from memory) extends to children as much as to adults.... Read more »

Jeffrey D. Karpicke, Janell R. Blunt, & Megan A. Smith. (2016) Retrieval-Based Learning: Positive Effects of Retrieval Practice in Elementary School Children. Frontiers in Psychology, 2-28. info:/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00350

  • March 4, 2016
  • 11:30 AM
  • 356 views

Damn Statistics!

by AG McCluskey in Zongo's Cancer Diaries

How are cancer risk factors identified? And why are they like cake?... Read more »

Pérez-Hernández,A.I., Catalán, V., Gómez-Ambrosi, J., AmaiaRodríguez, A., & Frühbeck, G. (2014) Mechanisms Linking Excess Adiposity and Carcinogenesis Promotion. Frontiers in Endocrinology. DOI: 10.3389/fendo.2014.00065  

Bagnardi, V., Rota, M., Botteri, E., Tramacere, I., Islami, F., Fedirko, V., Scotti, L., Jenab, M., Turati, F., Pasquali, E.... (2012) Light alcohol drinking and cancer: a meta-analysis. Annals of Oncology, 24(2), 301-308. DOI: 10.1093/annonc/mds337  

Bouvard, V., Loomis, D., Guyton, K., Grosse, Y., Ghissassi, F., Benbrahim-Tallaa, L., Guha, N., Mattock, H., & Straif, K. (2015) Carcinogenicity of consumption of red and processed meat. The Lancet Oncology. DOI: 10.1016/S1470-2045(15)00444-1  

AG McCluskey. (2016) Damn Statistics. Zongo's Cancer Diaries. info:/

  • March 1, 2016
  • 08:59 AM
  • 398 views

Schizophrenia Killed The Cat

by Chiara Civardi in United Academics

Toxoplasma may no longer be responsible for mental disorders... Read more »

  • February 24, 2016
  • 10:10 AM
  • 383 views

Ravens Can See Themselves As Someone Else

by Jeffrey Daniels in United Academics

Study shows that ravens have “Theory of Mind,” something that was thought only humans had.... Read more »

Bugnyar, T., Reber, S., & Buckner, C. (2016) Ravens attribute visual access to unseen competitors. Nature Communications, 10506. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10506  

  • February 23, 2016
  • 06:10 AM
  • 410 views

Love? All You Need is... Oxytocin

by Chiara Civardi in United Academics

Oxytocin, the love hormone, is involved in emphatetic behaviours in tiny rodents.... Read more »

Burkett, J., Andari, E., Johnson, Z., Curry, D., de Waal, F., & Young, L. (2016) Oxytocin-dependent consolation behavior in rodents. Science, 351(6271), 375-378. DOI: 10.1126/science.aac4785  

  • February 18, 2016
  • 12:00 PM
  • 352 views

Flint’s Food Desert is Blossoming

by Jenny Ludmer in Rooster's Report

Clean water isn’t the only problem faced by residents of Flint, Michigan. Over the decades, with a fleeing population and closing businesses, the area had quickly became a neglected “food desert” too. But, according to research from Michigan State University, it only took a simple shift — a relocation of the Farmer’s Market — to begin to undo the damage.... Read more »

  • February 10, 2016
  • 02:19 AM
  • 351 views

Technically good news for paralyzed people

by Usman Paracha in SayPeople

Main Points:

Newly developed paperclip sized, mind control device can be placed in the brain, and can be used to help the people with paralysis to walk again.

Published in:

Nature Biotechnology

Study Further:

Researchers from the University of Melbourne have developed a “REVOLUTIONARY” device, a “bionic spinal cord” that can be implanted in a blood vessel in the brain and can help patients of spinal cord injuries to move and walk without any outside assistance. The device would help patients in translating their thoughts into actions and helping in movement of bionic limbs, though the actual limbs would not be reactivated.

The device is of the size of a small paperclip. It consists of stentrode, which is a stent-based electrode, and needs minimal invasion, i.e. major brain surgery is not required to implant the device in the brain. It can record high-quality signals released from the motor cortex of the brain, and use those signals to move bionic limbs as, for example, patients would be able to move a wheelchair with the help of thoughts.

The device can help in moving bionic limbs (Image source: The stentrode device, described as a bionic spinal cord (Image source: University of Melbourne)
The device can help in moving bionic limbs (Image source: The stentrode device, described as a bionic spinal cord (Image source: University of Melbourne)
“What has been shown in other instances is that patients can learn over time to use their brain to move devices in a particular way that they choose to do,” Professor Clive May, a neurophysiologist at the Florey Institute, stated.

First human trials of the device will be done at The Royal Melbourne Hospital in 2017.

The research was funded by many organisations including the US Defence Department and the Australian Defence Health Foundation.

Source:

Oxley, T., Opie, N., John, S., Rind, G., Ronayne, S., Wheeler, T., Judy, J., McDonald, A., Dornom, A., Lovell, T., Steward, C., Garrett, D., Moffat, B., Lui, E., Yassi, N., Campbell, B., Wong, Y., Fox, K., Nurse, E., Bennett, I., Bauquier, S., Liyanage, K., van der Nagel, N., Perucca, P., Ahnood, A., Gill, K., Yan, B., Churilov, L., French, C., Desmond, P., Horne, M., Kiers, L., Prawer, S., Davis, S., Burkitt, A., Mitchell, P., Grayden, D., May, C., & O’Brien, T. (2016). Minimally invasive endovascular stent-electrode array for high-fidelity, chronic recordings of cortical neural activity Nature Biotechnology DOI: 10.1038/nbt.3428... Read more »

  • February 9, 2016
  • 02:41 PM
  • 423 views

Brain power: Wirelessly supplying power to the brain

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

Human and animal movements generate slight neural signals from their brain cells. These signals obtained using a neural interface are essential for realizing brain-machine interfaces (BMI). Such neural recording systems using wires to connect the implanted device to an external device can cause infections through the opening in the skull. One method of solving this issue is to develop a wireless neural interface that is fully implantable on the brain.

... Read more »

  • February 9, 2016
  • 08:28 AM
  • 317 views

Bring Me Sunshine...

by AG McCluskey in Zongo's Cancer Diaries

The latest Public Health statement is about the dangers of suntanning. But what IS a suntan? And how could it lead to cancer...?... Read more »

NICE. (2016) Sunlight exposure: risks and benefits. National Institute for Health . info:/

Newton-Bishop, J., Chang, Y., Elliott, F., Chan, M., Leake, S., Karpavicius, B., Haynes, S., Fitzgibbon, E., Kukalizch, K., Randerson-Moor, J.... (2011) Relationship between sun exposure and melanoma risk for tumours in different body sites in a large case-control study in a temperate climate. European Journal of Cancer, 47(5), 732-741. DOI: 10.1016/j.ejca.2010.10.008  

  • February 8, 2016
  • 01:59 PM
  • 564 views

We can build it better: Synthetic biopathway turns agriculture waste into ‘green’ products

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

Researchers at the University of Minnesota have engineered a new synthetic biopathway that can more efficiently and cost-effectively turn agricultural waste, like corn stover and orange peels, into a variety of useful products ranging from spandex to chicken feed.

... Read more »

Tai, Y., Xiong, M., Jambunathan, P., Wang, J., Wang, J., Stapleton, C., & Zhang, K. (2016) Engineering nonphosphorylative metabolism to generate lignocellulose-derived products. Nature Chemical Biology. DOI: 10.1038/nchembio.2020  

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