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  • August 11, 2014
  • 05:56 AM
  • 97 views

Taste Isn’t Just For The Tongue

by Rebekah Morrow in United Academics

Taste is one of our five basic senses, and every child is taught that you use the tongue to taste things. But science is proving that many other tissues can taste what you ingest.... Read more »

Mosinger B, Redding KM, Parker MR, Yevshayeva V, Yee KK, Dyomina K, Li Y, & Margolskee RF. (2013) Genetic loss or pharmacological blockade of testes-expressed taste genes causes male sterility. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110(30), 12319-24. PMID: 23818598  

  • August 10, 2014
  • 05:18 AM
  • 132 views

Canine Science Forum 2014 - we come full circle!

by Cobb & Hecht in Do You Believe In Dog?

Aw - it's Us @ CSF2014! Thanks Tamás Faragó :)Dear Julie,while you've been off enjoying the fjords of Norway and I've been recovering from six legs of long haul flying with a three year old as hand luggage, I thought I'd put up a quick post to recap the wonderful week in Lincoln, UK that was the (Feline and) Canine Science Forum 2014.Such a fun, stimulating, inspiring week comprising the Feline Science day (Monday), public lecture by James Serpell (rhymes with purple) on Monday evening, Canine Science Forum (Tue-Wed-Thu), including the wonderful gala dinner at Lincoln Castle on Wednesday night and finally, the Companion Animals: Human Health & Disease day (Friday).If anyone out there happened to miss it, we live tweeted nearly all of the presentations so you can easily catch up on all the great thoughts via the magic of Storify here. Feline Science Day:[View the story "Feline Science Forum 2014" on Storify]Public lecture by James Serpell:[View the story "Feline & Canine Science Forum, Public Lecture: James Serpell" on Storify] Canine Science Forum Day 1:[View the story "4th Canine Science Forum - Lincoln UK 2014 - Day 1" on Storify] Canine Science Forum Day 2:[View the story "4th Canine Science Forum - Lincoln UK 2014 - Day 2" on Storify]Which, of course, included us being real life #scientists (we don't make this stuff up!): You talked about Project: Play with Your Dog and the role that citizen science can play in canine science.Nancy Dreschel (now on Twitter at @ndreschel) presented the key findings from our collaborative meta-analysis looking at canine salivary cortisol.And I explored if using group averages is really the best way to determine and analyse the stress and welfare experience of working dogs (and my points were relevant to all animals!). Then we drank wine in at a castle. Which was a mighty fine way to end that day. Canine Science Forum Day 3:[View the story "4th Canine Science Forum - Lincoln UK 2014 - Day 3" on Storify]Companion  Animals: Human Health & Disease 2014... Read more »

  • August 9, 2014
  • 01:45 PM
  • 385 views

Marijuana and the Developing Brain

by Gabriel in Lunatic Laboratories

You can’t get away from it, the big marijuana debate here in the US. Is it good? Is it bad? What are other countries doing? There are also a lot of claims made about marijuana, most of which aren’t true, namely the big medical claims. Then there is the other side of that fence, what about some of the health issues that are claimed, where does science sit on that?[…]... Read more »

Giedd JN, Blumenthal J, Jeffries NO, Rajapakse JC, Vaituzis AC, Liu H, Berry YC, Tobin M, Nelson J, & Castellanos FX. (1999) Development of the human corpus callosum during childhood and adolescence: a longitudinal MRI study. Progress in neuro-psychopharmacology , 23(4), 571-88. PMID: 10390717  

Giedd, J. N. (2004) Structural magnetic resonance imaging of the adolescent brain. Adolescent Brain Development: Vulnerabilities and Opportunities. info:/

Choo EK, Benz M, Zaller N, Warren O, Rising KL, & McConnell KJ. (2014) The impact of state medical marijuana legislation on adolescent marijuana use. The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, 55(2), 160-6. PMID: 24742758  

Joffe A, American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Substance Abuse, & American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Adolescence. (2004) Legalization of marijuana: potential impact on youth. Pediatrics, 113(6), 1825-6. PMID: 15173518  

  • August 7, 2014
  • 05:50 AM
  • 114 views

Nature’s Magnifying Glass: Gravitational Lensing

by RAZ Rebecca A. Zarate in United Academics

Gravitational lensing is a clean probe of the Universe and has much to tell us about its two most mysterious components – dark matter and dark energy. This article explains what it is, what is can discover and what Sherlock Holmes has to do with it.... Read more »

Kenneth C. Wong, Kim-Vy H. Tran, Sherry H. Suyu, Ivelina G. Momcheva, Gabriel B. Brammer, Mark Brodwin, Anthony H. Gonzalez, Aleksi Halkola, Glenn G. Kacprzak, Anton M. Koekemoer.... (2014) Discovery of a Strong Lensing Galaxy Embedded in a Cluster at z . The Astrophysical Journal Letters vol. 789 . arXiv: 1405.3661v2

  • August 3, 2014
  • 04:11 PM
  • 175 views

The Alondra Oubré Academic Fraud Exposed

by nooffensebut in The Unsilenced Science

Two respected authors, Alondra Oubré and Massimo Pigliucci, are implicated in the academic fraud of taking false information from Wikipedia and falsely attributing it to a research database in order to fulminate against the conclusions of Nicholas Wade’s book, A Troublesome Inheritance, and the science of the warrior gene, monoamine oxidase A.... Read more »

Alia-Klein N, Goldstein RZ, Tomasi D, Woicik PA, Moeller SJ, Williams B, Craig IW, Telang F, Biegon A, Wang GJ.... (2009) Neural mechanisms of anger regulation as a function of genetic risk for violence. Emotion (Washington, D.C.), 9(3), 385-96. PMID: 19485616  

Buckholtz JW, Callicott JH, Kolachana B, Hariri AR, Goldberg TE, Genderson M, Egan MF, Mattay VS, Weinberger DR, & Meyer-Lindenberg A. (2008) Genetic variation in MAOA modulates ventromedial prefrontal circuitry mediating individual differences in human personality. Molecular psychiatry, 13(3), 313-24. PMID: 17519928  

Cerasa A, Cherubini A, Quattrone A, Gioia MC, Magariello A, Muglia M, Manna I, Assogna F, Caltagirone C, & Spalletta G. (2010) Morphological correlates of MAO A VNTR polymorphism: new evidence from cortical thickness measurement. Behavioural brain research, 211(1), 118-24. PMID: 20303364  

Fergusson DM, Boden JM, Horwood LJ, Miller A, & Kennedy MA. (2012) Moderating role of the MAOA genotype in antisocial behaviour. The British journal of psychiatry : the journal of mental science, 200(2), 116-23. PMID: 22297589  

Gilad Y, Rosenberg S, Przeworski M, Lancet D, & Skorecki K. (2002) Evidence for positive selection and population structure at the human MAO-A gene. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 99(2), 862-7. PMID: 11805333  

Huang YY, Cate SP, Battistuzzi C, Oquendo MA, Brent D, & Mann JJ. (2004) An association between a functional polymorphism in the monoamine oxidase a gene promoter, impulsive traits and early abuse experiences. Neuropsychopharmacology : official publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology, 29(8), 1498-505. PMID: 15150530  

Koen L, Kinnear C, Corfield V, Emsley R, Jordaan E, Keyter N, Moolman-Smook J, Stein D, & Niehaus D. (2004) Violence in male patients with schizophrenia: risk markers in a South African population. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 38(4), 254-259. DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1614.2004.01338.x  

Kunugi H, Ishida S, Kato T, Tatsumi M, Sakai T, Hattori M, Hirose T, & Nanko S. (1999) A functional polymorphism in the promoter region of monoamine oxidase-A gene and mood disorders. Molecular psychiatry, 4(4), 393-5. PMID: 10483059  

Lei H, Zhang X, Di X, Rao H, Ming Q, Zhang J, Guo X, Jiang Y, Gao Y, Yi J.... (2014) A Functional Polymorphism of the MAOA Gene Modulates Spontaneous Brain Activity in Pons. BioMed research international, 243280. PMID: 24971323  

Philibert RA, Gunter TD, Beach SR, Brody GH, & Madan A. (2008) MAOA methylation is associated with nicotine and alcohol dependence in women. American journal of medical genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric genetics : the official publication of the International Society of Psychiatric Genetics, 147B(5), 565-70. PMID: 18454435  

Williams RB, Marchuk DA, Gadde KM, Barefoot JC, Grichnik K, Helms MJ, Kuhn CM, Lewis JG, Schanberg SM, Stafford-Smith M.... (2003) Serotonin-related gene polymorphisms and central nervous system serotonin function. Neuropsychopharmacology : official publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology, 28(3), 533-41. PMID: 12629534  

Wong CC, Caspi A, Williams B, Craig IW, Houts R, Ambler A, Moffitt TE, & Mill J. (2010) A longitudinal study of epigenetic variation in twins. Epigenetics : official journal of the DNA Methylation Society, 5(6), 516-26. PMID: 20505345  

Yu YW, Tsai SJ, Hong CJ, Chen TJ, Chen MC, & Yang CW. (2005) Association study of a monoamine oxidase a gene promoter polymorphism with major depressive disorder and antidepressant response. Neuropsychopharmacology : official publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology, 30(9), 1719-23. PMID: 15956990  

  • July 30, 2014
  • 07:32 AM
  • 133 views

Potentially habitable exoplanets found

by Jeffrey Daniels in United Academics

Two systems in the cosmic realm that are the closest to Earth found so far. At half the speed of light we can visit them within a single human lifetime.... Read more »

Anglada-Escude, G., Arriagada, P., Tuomi, M., Zechmeister, M., Jenkins, J., Ofir, A., Dreizler, S., Gerlach, E., Marvin, C., Reiners, A.... (2014) Two planets around Kapteyn's star: a cold and a temperate super-Earth orbiting the nearest halo red dwarf. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, 443(1). DOI: 10.1093/mnrasl/slu076  

  • July 29, 2014
  • 07:35 AM
  • 149 views

Is Twitter Ruining Our Proper English?

by Katja Keuchenius in United Academics

“Hey al im on my way 2wrk but i totes 4got 2bring ur ipod sori il hav 2 bring it nxt tym ur workin. Hav a nice day xo”
Gives you the cramps? Maybe you should read this article.... Read more »

  • July 23, 2014
  • 07:01 AM
  • 128 views

Seeing Red: A New Way To Predict Preeclampsia

by Rebekah Morrow in United Academics

New Congo red test predicts development of preeclampsia with pregnant women. A large collaboration of scientists recently reported a new method of determining which women would develop preeclampsia. Urine samples were collected from more than 600 patients and mixed with a dye called Congo red. Congo red stains large clumps of proteins, but doesn’t mark smaller separate proteins.... Read more »

Buhimschi IA, Nayeri UA, Zhao G, Shook LL, Pensalfini A, Funai EF, Bernstein IM, Glabe CG, & Buhimschi CS. (2014) Protein misfolding, congophilia, oligomerization, and defective amyloid processing in preeclampsia. Science translational medicine, 6(245). PMID: 25031267  

Whitehead, N. (2014) Proteins and a pregnancy woe. Science, 345(6194), 249-249. DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6194.249  

  • July 22, 2014
  • 09:08 AM
  • 108 views

A History of Bioinformatics (told from the Year 2039)

by Mary in OpenHelix

A week or so back I was watching the chatter around the #ISMB / #BOSC2014 meeting, and saw a number of amusing and intriguing comments about Titus Brown’s keynote talk. [embedded tweets] You can see a lot of chatter about it in the Storify. I was delighted to soon see this follow up...... Read more »

  • July 22, 2014
  • 07:15 AM
  • 129 views

White or Brown: which is the better fat?

by Shefali Sabharanjak in United Academics

White adipose tissue or white fat has earned notoriety in the current obesity pandemic. But it is not right to throw white fat cells out of the window, just yet. Recent research has shown that conservation of energy-storing white fat cells can help to overcome cachexia brought on by chemotherapy in cancer patients. ... Read more »

Petruzzelli, M., Schweiger, M., Schreiber, R., Campos-Olivas, R., Tsoli, M., Allen, J., Swarbrick, M., Rose-John, S., Rincon, M., Robertson, G.... (2014) A Switch from White to Brown Fat Increases Energy Expenditure in Cancer-Associated Cachexia. Cell Metabolism. DOI: 10.1016/j.cmet.2014.06.011  

  • July 17, 2014
  • 06:07 AM
  • 176 views

Profiling Risk: Predicting Alcoholism In Adolescents

by Agnese Mariotti in United Academics

It appears that certain personality traits and traumatic early life events are typically associated with binge drinking in teenage years. However, the predictive power of each type of factors by itself (personality or individual history for example) is not absolute. A new study evaluated not only one single factor, but a series of psychological, genetic, and neurological elements for their ability to determine, when combined, current and future alcohol misuse in a large group of youngsters. ... Read more »

Whelan, R., Watts, R., Orr, C., Althoff, R., Artiges, E., Banaschewski, T., Barker, G., Bokde, A., Büchel, C., Carvalho, F.... (2014) Neuropsychosocial profiles of current and future adolescent alcohol misusers. Nature. DOI: 10.1038/nature13402  

  • July 15, 2014
  • 10:13 AM
  • 133 views

Hosting the World Cup: is it worth it?

by Flora Brils in United Academics

The World Cup has come to an end. Brazil asks: do the costs outweigh the benefits? An economic analysis. ... Read more »

  • July 15, 2014
  • 03:38 AM
  • 103 views

Treating Sports Injuries The Drug Free Way

by Pushkar Sikka in Workout Trends

Did you just roll your ankle while playing your favorite sport? Has the back pain been bothering you for a while now? Or did your knee just suffer a bang because of that fall? One of the methods here may just be the answer of getting relief from that pain and treating it the drug free way. […]
The post Treating Sports Injuries The Drug Free Way appeared first on .
... Read more »

Garra G, Singer AJ, Leno R, Taira BR, Gupta N, Mathaikutty B, & Thode HJ. (2010) Heat or cold packs for neck and back strain: a randomized controlled trial of efficacy. Academic emergency medicine : official journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine, 17(5), 484-9. PMID: 20536800  

French SD, Cameron M, Walker BF, Reggars JW, & Esterman AJ. (2006) A Cochrane review of superficial heat or cold for low back pain. Spine, 31(9), 998-1006. PMID: 16641776  

  • July 11, 2014
  • 06:17 AM
  • 105 views

What ‘P.S. I Love You’ Taught Me About Blue Stress

by Samiiksha Rohilla in Workout Trends

Last evening, while watching people passing by my lane, I realized how lucky it is to be happy and alive. It wasn’t the same with me a few months back. I used to prefer staying alone. I had locked my guitar inside the cupboard. And I had quit my work. Was I in a state of […]
The post What ‘P.S. I Love You’ Taught Me About Blue Stress appeared first on .
... Read more »

  • July 11, 2014
  • 05:17 AM
  • 167 views

Get Your 8 Hours Sleep: How Your Brain Makes Memories

by Rebekah Morrow in United Academics

Conventional wisdom says that sleep is an important part of learning (remember your teachers telling you to get a good night’s sleep before a big test?), but what is your brain actually doing while you are sleeping? New studies confirm and explain this notion... Read more »

Yang G, Lai CS, Cichon J, Ma L, Li W, & Gan WB. (2014) Sleep promotes branch-specific formation of dendritic spines after learning. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6188), 1173-8. PMID: 24904169  

Euston DR, & Steenland HW. (2014) Neuroscience. Memories--getting wired during sleep. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6188), 1087-8. PMID: 24904140  

  • July 10, 2014
  • 11:19 AM
  • 162 views

Haha, kkkk, 555, LOL, jaja: Globalization Through Internet Jokes

by Nura Rutten in United Academics

In a recent article from Shifman, Levy and Thelwall, internet jokes are found to serve as an important and powerful agent of globalization and americanization. To research the role of internet jokes, they look at the concept of “user-generated globalization”, where internet users are the focal points through which user-generated content (in this case jokes) is translated, customized and distributed across the globe.... Read more »

Shifman, L., Levy, H., & Thelwall, M. (2014) Internet Jokes: The Secret Agents of Globalization?. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication. DOI: 10.1111/jcc4.12082  

  • July 9, 2014
  • 09:21 AM
  • 189 views

A Deadly Shot: Heart Attacks During The World Cup

by Nura Rutten in United Academics

Studies show that there is an increase in cardiovascular events, such as heart attacks, at the time of important football matches like the World Cup. Especially penalty shoot-outs can cause a higher number of myocardial infarctions. However, there are also studies that report no significant influence or even a decrease in cardiac emergencies.... Read more »

Mendenhall, M., Ute Wilbert-Lampen, M.D.,, David Leistner, M.D.,, Sonja Greven, M.S.,, Tilmann Pohl, M.D.,, Sebastian Sper,, Christoph Völker,, Denise Güthlin,, Andrea Plasse,, Andreas Knez, M.D.,.... (2008) Cardiovascular Events During World Cup Soccer. The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 35(1), 114-115. DOI: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2008.03.028  

Carroll D, Ebrahim S, Tilling K, Macleod J, & Smith GD. (2002) Admissions for myocardial infarction and World Cup football: database survey. BMJ (Clinical research ed.), 325(7378), 1439-42. PMID: 12493655  

  • July 9, 2014
  • 01:18 AM
  • 159 views

The Warrior Gene, Back from the Grave

by nooffensebut in The Unsilenced Science

Recently two meta-analyses on the gene, monoamine oxidase A, and its relationship with violence came to opposite conclusions. I review those studies and pose the questions that the scientists were too afraid to answer.... Read more »

  • July 7, 2014
  • 07:09 AM
  • 86 views

Revealed: The Secret Of An Intellectual Brain

by Shyamali Sharma in Workout Trends

“Do you love to write? I do… Do you prefer typing rather than writing? I do…” Well, I might sound like a bride standing on the altar in front of my groom. The priest asks me the most obvious questions and I nonchalantly reply, “Yes, I do.” Students and tech savvy people are also most likely […]
The post Revealed: The Secret Of An Intellectual Brain appeared first on .
... Read more »

  • July 6, 2014
  • 09:30 AM
  • 110 views

Day 5: BLUE and PURPLE Foods

by Namrata Diengdoh in Workout Trends

Whenever I close my eyes and imagine the color purple the first thought that comes to my mind is royalty. So does blue does it not? However, when I think blue it brings more serenity to my thoughts. Did you know that this color food group helps people who are looking forward to losing weight? […]
The post Day 5: BLUE and PURPLE Foods appeared first on .
... Read more »

García-Zepeda SP, García-Villa E, Díaz-Chávez J, Hernández-Pando R, & Gariglio P. (2013) Resveratrol induces cell death in cervical cancer cells through apoptosis and autophagy. European journal of cancer prevention : the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP), 22(6), 577-84. PMID: 23603746  

Krikorian, R., Shidler, M., Nash, T., Kalt, W., Vinqvist-Tymchuk, M., Shukitt-Hale, B., & Joseph, J. (2010) Blueberry Supplementation Improves Memory in Older Adults . Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 58(7), 3996-4000. DOI: 10.1021/jf9029332  

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