Research on magic has been getting a lot of attention recently, but most of the focus has been on the psychology of the audience.
But what can we learn by studying the performer?
One of the things you need to be a magician, particularly a close-up magician who works with cards or coins, is dexterity. I tried to learn some basic card tricks once, and failed. It requires some very fine motor control, and I didn’t put in enough work to master it.
Many illusions rely on the magician imitating ........ Read more »
Sci’s terrible at languages. TERRIBLE. In my time, I’ve successfully mastered English, and attempted to master four other languages (five if you count a brief foray into Elvish when I was 15, but that doesn’t really count) in my time. I have failed at ALL of them. Every once in a while I would achieve [...]... Read more »
Tan LH, Chen L, Yip V, Chan AH, Yang J, Gao JH, & Siok WT. (2011) Activity levels in the left hemisphere caudate-fusiform circuit predict how well a second language will be learned. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 108(6), 2540-4. PMID: 21262807
I don't want to hear it again--cell phone waves are harmful to your brain...stick your face close enough for long enough and you'll turn to mush. But, there's a new paper out there that I'm afraid might catch on as fodder for the pseudoscience susceptible.[Just cool animation. Not part of the study.]Scientists at Caltech recently found that weak electrical fields in the brain might cause neurons to fire in sync. It's really kinda neat. Researchers dropped a cluster of minuscule electrodes into a........ Read more »
I reviewed a research study last fall examining a Dutch study of cannabis use and psychotic symptoms. That post is linked here. In summary, the study suggested cannabis probably does not produce psychotic symptoms in the majority of users. However, if you have a family member with a psychotic disorder (suggesting you may have a genetic risk for psychosis) you may be more likely to experience psychotic symptoms (i.e. hallucinations/delusions) with cannabis use. This risk m........ Read more »
, ., Kahn, R., Linszen, D., van Os, J., Wiersma, D., Bruggeman, R., Cahn, W., de Haan, L., Krabbendam, L., & Myin-Germeys, I. (2010) Evidence That Familial Liability for Psychosis Is Expressed as Differential Sensitivity to Cannabis: An Analysis of Patient-Sibling and Sibling-Control Pairs. Archives of General Psychiatry. DOI: 10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2010.132
van Winkel, R., , ., Kahn, R., Linszen, D., van Os, J., Wiersma, D., Bruggeman, R., Cahn, W., de Haan, L., Krabbendam, L.... (2010) Family-Based Analysis of Genetic Variation Underlying Psychosis-Inducing Effects of Cannabis: Sibling Analysis and Proband Follow-up. Archives of General Psychiatry, 68(2), 148-157. DOI: 10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2010.152
Fig. 2D (Acevedo et al., 2011). Image and scatter plot illustrating greater response to the Partner (vs. a highly familiar acquaintance) in the region of the posterior hippocampus is associated with higher sexual frequency.Now there's an unexpected correlation suitable for Valentine's Day. How romantic! Actually, it is romantic because the neuroimaging study by Acevedo et al. (2011) is entitled "Neural correlates of long-term intense romantic love." How do you quantify long-term intense romantic........ Read more »
Acevedo BP, Aron A, Fisher HE, & Brown LL. (2011) Neural correlates of long-term intense romantic love. Social cognitive and affective neuroscience. PMID: 21208991
Valentine’s day is upon us. With love hearts adorning every shop window, radio stations playing non-stop love songs and an army of loved up teddy bears invading homes there is never a better time to look at the science of love. A recent meta-analysis has indicated that falling in love can take a little as … Read more... Read more »
Ortigue S, Bianchi-Demicheli F, Patel N, Frum C, & Lewis JW. (2010) Neuroimaging of love: fMRI meta-analysis evidence toward new perspectives in sexual medicine. The journal of sexual medicine, 7(11), 3541-52. PMID: 20807326
Happy Valentine's Day! So I know it's all the rage to take a popular culture topic and write science-y about it. So I'm doing it to. Whatever. I like to indulge once and a while.To celebrate the love and intimacy of this beautiful day, we're gonna talk about some nice, classic, sex studies from days gone by. There've been some... interesting hypotheses and theories about sex, sexuality, and orgasm over the years, which have produced some good, chuckle-worthy studies (and quite a few serious ones........ Read more »
Marmor J. (1954) Some considerations concerning orgasm in the female. Psychosomatic Medicine, 16(3), 240-5. PMID: 13167252
Money J. (1960) Phantom orgasm in the dreams of paraplegic men and women. Archives of General Psychiatry, 373-82. PMID: 13772009
Sci recently covered a mouse paper on dieting and subsequent high fat eating in mice (LINK), and then she found THIS paper, on stress reactions in overweight humans! And I like how the two link up. So let’s take a look at this one, and then go back to the OTHER one, and see how [...]... Read more »
Jastreboff, A., Potenza, M., Lacadie, C., Hong, K., Sherwin, R., & Sinha, R. (2010) Body Mass Index, Metabolic Factors, and Striatal Activation During Stressful and Neutral-Relaxing States: An fMRI Study. Neuropsychopharmacology, 36(3), 627-637. DOI: 10.1038/npp.2010.194
Is it reasonable to fear death? If you agree with Lucretius, you will say no. In what is known as the Symmetry Argument, Lucretius contends that that the time before our existence is similar to the time of our future non-existence. And since we do not fear the time before we existed, it is not reasonable to fear our future non-existence i.e. death. ... Read more »
Quirin M, Loktyushin A, Arndt J, Küstermann E, Lo YY, Kuhl J, & Eggert L. (2011) Existential neuroscience: a functional magnetic resonance imaging investigation of neural responses to reminders of one's mortality. Social cognitive and affective neuroscience. PMID: 21266462
Rosenbaum, S. (1989) The Symmetry Argument: Lucretius Against the Fear of Death. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 50(2), 353. DOI: 10.2307/2107964
"Stiff Person Syndrome" (SPS) is a rare neurological disease with a silly name but serious symptoms.Not in fact a disorder caused by an overdose of Viagra, the defining feature of SPS is uncontrollable muscle rigidity, which comes and goes in bouts, but generally gets worse over time. However, other symptoms are seen including depression, anxiety, and other neurological features such as cerebellar ataxia.What causes SPS? Well, it's been known for over 20 years that most SPS patients have antibod........ Read more »
Geis, C., Weishaupt, A., Grünewald, B., Wultsch, T., Reif, A., Gerlach, M., Dirkx, R., Solimena, M., Perani, D., Heckmann, M.... (2011) Human Stiff-Person Syndrome IgG Induces Anxious Behavior in Rats. PLoS ONE, 6(2). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0016775
Manto MU, Hampe CS, Rogemond V, & Honnorat J. (2011) Respective implications of glutamate decarboxylase antibodies in stiff person syndrome and cerebellar ataxia. Orphanet journal of rare diseases, 6(1), 3. PMID: 21294897
Whilst part of what we perceive comes through our senses from the object before us, another part (and it may be the larger part) always comes out of our own head.... Read more »
Northoff G, Duncan NW, & Hayes DJ. (2010) The brain and its resting state activity--experimental and methodological implications. Progress in neurobiology, 92(4), 593-600. PMID: 20888388
For the last few years I have been thinking a lot about a few different things: What specifically is our proposed dorsal stream doing? How does the motor system contribute to speech perception? What is the relation between sensorimotor processes used during speech production (e.g., feedback-based motor control models) and purported sensorimotor processes in speech perception? How do computational models of speech production (e.g., feedback control models, psycholinguistic models, neurolinguist........ Read more »
Hickok, G., Houde, J., & Rong, F. (2011) Sensorimotor Integration in Speech Processing: Computational Basis and Neural Organization. Neuron, 69(3), 407-422. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuron.2011.01.019
Functional magnetic brain imaging (fMRI) provides a new tool for understanding the brain in humans. It is already been helpful in understanding connectivity and focal brain region functions across a variety of domains, i.e. vision, hearing, motor function, somatic sensation and emotional processing. However, functional brain imaging in the mouse model has trailed structural brain imaging development. So why would fMRI be a potentially useful research tool in mice? There are several reasons......... Read more »
White, B., Bauer, A., Snyder, A., Schlaggar, B., Lee, J., & Culver, J. (2011) Imaging of Functional Connectivity in the Mouse Brain. PLoS ONE, 6(1). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0016322
In the November 2010 issue of Perspectives in Psychological Sciences, a Special Section on "Neuroimaging: Voodoo, New Phrenology, or Scientific Breakthrough?" (Diener, 2010) looks back at the infamous paper by Vul et al. (2009) and forward into the future. In one of the articles, an extended analogy is made between modern neuroimaging and the phrenology of yore (Poldrack, 2010):Imagine that fMRI had been invented in the 1860s rather than the 1990s. Instead of being based on modern cognitive p........ Read more »
Poldrack, R. (2010) Mapping Mental Function to Brain Structure: How Can Cognitive Neuroimaging Succeed?. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 5(6), 753-761. DOI: 10.1177/1745691610388777
Body image means different things to different people. To many it refers to how one feels about one’s body. To us, it refers to how one’s body feels to oneself and how one perceives its shape, orientation, agency and ownership. Hopefully you can see that body image is critical to pain, because pain is, we [...]... Read more »
 Tsakiris M, Jiménez AT, & Costantini M. (2011) Just a heartbeat away from one's body: interoceptive sensitivity predicts malleability of body-representations. Proceedings. Biological sciences / The Royal Society. PMID: 21208964
Arguably it was the classic paper by Caramazza and Zurif, published in 1976, that kicked off what turned into decades of research on the role of Broca's area in syntactic computation. We all know from our grade school lessons that Caramazza and Zurif found that Broca's aphasics exhibit not only agrammatic production, but also a profound deficit in using syntactic knowledge in sentence comprehension. The critical bit of evidence was that Broca's aphasics seemed perfectly fine in using semantic ........ Read more »
Caramazza A, & Zurif EB. (1976) Dissociation of algorithmic and heuristic processes in language comprehension: evidence from aphasia. Brain and language, 3(4), 572-82. PMID: 974731
Rogalsky C, & Hickok G. (2010) The Role of Broca's Area in Sentence Comprehension. Journal of cognitive neuroscience. PMID: 20617890
Willems RM, & Hagoort P. (2009) Broca's region: battles are not won by ignoring half of the facts. Trends in cognitive sciences, 13(3). PMID: 19223227
Here at Neuroskeptic fMRI scanning and antidepressants are both big topics.As I discussed lask week, fish - specifically salmon - are the next big thing in fMRI and the number of salmon brains being scanned is growing at a remarkable rate. But fish haven't made much of an entrance into the world of antidepressants...until now.Swedish scientists Holmberg et al have just published a paper asking: Does waterborne citalopram affect the aggressive and sexual behaviour of rainbow trout and guppy?SSRI ........ Read more »
Holmberg A, Fogel J, Albertsson E, Fick J, Brown JN, Paxéus N, Förlin L, Johnsson JI, & Larsson DG. (2011) Does waterborne citalopram affect the aggressive and sexual behaviour of rainbow trout and guppy?. Journal of hazardous materials. PMID: 21300431
One of the most important functions of the brain is to make decisions. Even the simplest animals need to make choices based on sensory information: is that thing over there food or a predator, and should I eat it, or run from it? Making the right decision is literally a matter of life or death. [...]... Read more »
Freedman DJ, & Assad JA. (2011) A proposed common neural mechanism for categorization and perceptual decisions. Nature neuroscience, 14(2), 143-6. PMID: 21270782
by richardfmasters in Elements Science
Are you giving up the fags? Richard Masters looks at why brain scans can show how likely you are to quit, whether you realise it or not.
Related posts:Smoking can be good for you
Research round up
Preventing lung cancer: a potential risk itself
... Read more »
Soon, C., Brass, M., Heinze, H., & Haynes, J. (2008) Unconscious determinants of free decisions in the human brain. Nature Neuroscience, 11(5), 543-545. DOI: 10.1038/nn.2112
In this week's journal club, we talked about an old paper from 1918! "The reactions to light and to gravity in Drosophila and its mutants" by Robert McEwen, in the Journal of Experimental Zoology.As the title says, the author studied how the fruit fly Drosophila responds to light and gravity. He tested this in walking flies and compared flies both with intact wings and clipped wings, wing mutations, clipped antennae, glued wings or clipped middle legs. He discovered that flies without wings or ........ Read more »
McEwen, R. (1918) The reactions to light and to gravity in Drosophila and its mutants. Journal of Experimental Zoology, 25(1), 49-106. DOI: 10.1002/jez.1400250103
Zhu, Y., & Frye, M. (2009) Neurogenetics and the "fly-stampede": dissecting neural circuits involved in visual behaviors. Fly, 3(3), 209-211. DOI: 10.4161/fly.3.3.9139
Gaudry, Q., & Kristan, W. (2009) Behavioral choice by presynaptic inhibition of tactile sensory terminals. Nature Neuroscience, 12(11), 1450-1457. DOI: 10.1038/nn.2400
Maimon, G., Straw, A., & Dickinson, M. (2010) Active flight increases the gain of visual motion processing in Drosophila. Nature Neuroscience, 13(3), 393-399. DOI: 10.1038/nn.2492
Chiappe, M., Seelig, J., Reiser, M., & Jayaraman, V. (2010) Walking Modulates Speed Sensitivity in Drosophila Motion Vision. Current Biology, 20(16), 1470-1475. DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2010.06.072
Tang, S., & Juusola, M. (2010) Intrinsic Activity in the Fly Brain Gates Visual Information during Behavioral Choices. PLoS ONE, 5(12). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0014455
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