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  • April 3, 2012
  • 12:16 AM

Next Generation Artificial Intelligence

by Jason Carr in Wired Cosmos

As computer scientists this year celebrate the 100th anniversary of the birth of the mathematical genius Alan Turing, who set out the basis for digital computing in the 1930s to anticipate the electronic age, they still quest after a machine as adaptable and intelligent as the human brain. Now, computer scientist Hava Siegelmann of the [...]... Read more »

  • April 2, 2012
  • 08:04 AM

Open Data Manchester: Twenty Four Hour Data People

by Duncan Hull in O'Really?

According to Francis Maude, Open Data is the “next industrial revolution”. Now you should obviously take everything politicians say with a large pinch of salt (especially Maude) but despite the political hyperbole, when it comes to data he is onto something.... Read more »

  • March 31, 2012
  • 01:10 PM

Automated Science, Deep Data, and the Paradox of Information

by Bradley Voytek in Oscillatory Thoughts

Note: this is was originally published by me over on the O'Reilly Radar.A lot of great pieces have been written about the (relatively) recent surge in interest in “big data” and "data science", but in this piece I want to address the importance of deep data analysis: what we can learn from the statistical outliers by drilling down and asking, “What’s different here? What’s special about these outliers and what do they tell us about our models and assumptions?”The reason that big data........ Read more »

Yarkoni, T., Poldrack, R., Nichols, T., Van Essen, D., & Wager, T. (2011) Large-scale automated synthesis of human functional neuroimaging data. Nature Methods, 8(8), 665-670. DOI: 10.1038/nmeth.1635  

Ahn, Y., Ahnert, S., Bagrow, J., & Barabási, A. (2011) Flavor network and the principles of food pairing. Scientific Reports. DOI: 10.1038/srep00196  

Michel, J., Shen, Y., Aiden, A., Veres, A., Gray, M., , ., Pickett, J., Hoiberg, D., Clancy, D., Norvig, P.... (2010) Quantitative Analysis of Culture Using Millions of Digitized Books. Science, 331(6014), 176-182. DOI: 10.1126/science.1199644  

  • March 28, 2012
  • 05:01 PM

Rare earth materials—the key to clean energy technology

by Cath in Basal Science (BS) Clarified

What are rare earth materials? Rare earth elements (REE) is a term generally used to describe the elements in the lanthanide series—the second last row of the periodic table. However yttrium and scandium, both Group IIIB transition metals, are often included as REE since they are naturally found together with other lanthanides and have similar [...]... Read more »

Wu, C., Yu, D., Law, C., & Wang, L. (2004) Properties of lead-free solder alloys with rare earth element additions. Materials Science and Engineering: R: Reports, 44(1), 1-44. DOI: 10.1016/j.mser.2004.01.001  

Alonso, E., Sherman, A., Wallington, T., Everson, M., Field, F., Roth, R., & Kirchain, R. (2012) Evaluating Rare Earth Element Availability: A Case with Revolutionary Demand from Clean Technologies. Environmental Science , 2147483647. DOI: 10.1021/es203518d  

Zawisza, B., Pytlakowska, K., Feist, B., Polowniak, M., Kita, A., & Sitko, R. (2011) Determination of rare earth elements by spectroscopic techniques: a review. Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 26(12), 2373. DOI: 10.1039/c1ja10140d  

  • March 23, 2012
  • 12:05 PM

Video: Bioinspired Robojelly Fuelled by Hydrogen

by United Academics in United Academics

It’s a small robot powered by hydrogen that resembles the movements of a jellyfish. ... Read more »

Tadesse, Y., Villanueva, A., Haines, C., Novitski, D., Baughman, R., & Priya, S. (2012) Hydrogen-fuel-powered bell segments of biomimetic jellyfish. Smart Materials and Structures, 21(4), 45013. DOI: 10.1088/0964-1726/21/4/045013  

  • March 21, 2012
  • 09:00 PM

DNA nanoRobot — the next-generation of targeted drug delivery systems?

by Char in Basal Science (BS) Clarified

Targeted drug delivery is a highly sought after technology. Not only does it increase the efficiency of the drugs, but it may also reduce the side effects by localizing drug only where it’s needed. Shawn Douglas and co-researchers at the Harvard Hansjorg Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering have created a nano-robot made of DNA strands [...]... Read more »

  • March 14, 2012
  • 09:30 PM

Sonification: Listen To The Sun / Listen To CERN's LHC

by DJ Busby in Astronasty

Solar storm data has recently been translated through a process called sonification into audio. CERN uses this technology too. Here are videos and explanations for both.... Read more »

Alberto de Campo, Natascha Hormann, Harald Markum, Willibald Plessas, & Bianka Sengi. (2005) Sonification of lattice data: The spectrum of the Dirac operator across the deconfinement transition. Proceedings of Science. info:other/PoS: LAT2005-152

Katharina Vogt, Robert H¨oldrich, David Pirr`o, Martin Rumori, Stefan Rossegger, Werner Riegler, & Matevˇz Tadel. (2010) A SONIC TIME PROJECTION CHAMBER. SONIFIED PARTICLE DETECTION AT CERN. International Conference on Auditory Display. info:other/ISBN: 0-9670904-3-1

  • March 9, 2012
  • 01:46 PM

Have connectionist models killed off beliefs?

by Ben in Critical Science

Connectionist models are widely held to have had a revolutionary impact upon cognitive science (Marcus, 2001). However, they are also employed in a highly controversial doctrine known as ‘eliminative materialism’, which claims the central posits of our common understanding of human psychology, including our conception of ‘beliefs’, are entirely false (Ramsey, Stitch & Garon, 1990). If such arguments are accepted, a radical reorientation is necessary in how we perceive and........ Read more »

  • March 8, 2012
  • 01:44 PM

Getting to the Root of Microfluidics

by Hector Munoz in Microfluidic Future

It’s not hard to see that a lot here at Microfluidic Future focuses on the medical applications of microfluidics, but that doesn’t mean that I’m not interested in other ways the technology can be used. I love to see novel applications of microfluidics because progress for anyone is progress for everyone. That brings me to today’s post on the RootChip. If the name isn’t a total give away, I recently came across an article that uses a microfluidic chip to study the ro........ Read more »

Grossmann, G., Guo, W., Ehrhardt, D., Frommer, W., Sit, R., Quake, S., & Meier, M. (2011) The RootChip: An Integrated Microfluidic Chip for Plant Science. THE PLANT CELL ONLINE, 23(12), 4234-4240. DOI: 10.1105/tpc.111.092577  

  • March 7, 2012
  • 05:37 AM

How do children learn and represent music?

by Henkjan Honing in Music Matters

Last month the peer-reviewed online journal Visions of Research in Music Education published a tribute to Jeanne Bamberger. See here for more information. ... Read more »

Desain, P., & Honing, H. (1988) LOCO: A Composition Microworld in Logo. Computer Music Journal, 12(3), 30. DOI: 10.2307/3680334  

  • March 6, 2012
  • 05:36 PM

Rapid microfluidics-based measurements aid bitumen extraction

by Cath in Basal Science (BS) Clarified

Here’s a piece of engineering news to kick off Canada’s National Engineering month: A team of researchers led by Professor David Sinton of the University of Toronto’s Mechanical and Industrial Engineering Department developed a process to analyze the behavior of bitumen (an extra heavy oil) using a microfluidic chip, a tool commonly used in the [...]... Read more »

  • March 2, 2012
  • 11:32 AM

5 Things to Know About SAMtools Mpileup

by Daniel Koboldt in Massgenomics

Next-generation sequencing instruments might be considered a disruptive technology. The incredible throughput of these machines, even 4-5 years ago, clearly mandated the development of a new generation of algorithms and data formats capable of storing, processing, and analyzing huge amounts of sequence data. One key achievement in next-generation sequencing bioinformatics was the specification of sequence [...]... Read more »

Li H, Handsaker B, Wysoker A, Fennell T, Ruan J, Homer N, Marth G, Abecasis G, Durbin R, & 1000 Genome Project Data Processing Subgroup. (2009) The Sequence Alignment/Map format and SAMtools. Bioinformatics (Oxford, England), 25(16), 2078-9. PMID: 19505943  

  • February 28, 2012
  • 11:06 PM

“Power Felt”–a thermoelectric fabric that uses body heat to power electronics

by Cath in Basal Science (BS) Clarified

Did you know that while you’re sitting down and reading this post, your body can provide about 4-6 watts of power? That’s enough power to run a clock radio. Humans store energy from the food they consumed and some of this energy is then emitted as body heat. This wasted heat can be recovered at [...]... Read more »

Hewitt, C., Kaiser, A., Roth, S., Craps, M., Czerw, R., & Carroll, D. (2012) Multilayered Carbon Nanotube/Polymer Composite Based Thermoelectric Fabrics. Nano Letters, 2147483647. DOI: 10.1021/nl203806q  

Snyder, G., & Toberer, E. (2008) Complex thermoelectric materials. Nature Materials, 7(2), 105-114. DOI: 10.1038/nmat2090  

  • February 22, 2012
  • 05:18 AM

Leaping lizards [video]

by GrrlScientist in Maniraptora

SUMMARY: Theropod dinosaurs used their long tails as counterbalances to stabilise rapid or irregular movements ... Read more »

Libby, T., Moore, T., Chang-Siu, E., Li, D., Cohen, D., Jusufi, A., & Full, R. (2012) Tail-assisted pitch control in lizards, robots and dinosaurs. Nature, 481(7380), 181-184. DOI: 10.1038/nature10710  

  • February 22, 2012
  • 04:28 AM

Leaping lizards [video] | @GrrlScientist

by GrrlScientist in GrrlScientist

Theropod dinosaurs used their long tails as a counterbalance to stabilise rapid or irregular movements ... Read more »

Libby, T., Moore, T., Chang-Siu, E., Li, D., Cohen, D., Jusufi, A., & Full, R. (2012) Tail-assisted pitch control in lizards, robots and dinosaurs. Nature, 481(7380), 181-184. DOI: 10.1038/nature10710  

  • February 21, 2012
  • 10:10 PM

Turning waste into energy

by Cath in Basal Science (BS) Clarified

One of the biggest concerns with converting biomass into usable energy has always been the amount of land and water used to obtain it. Crops grown exclusively for biofuel production are often in competition for land and water use in food and fibre production. To overcome this problem, a second-generation of biofuels made from non-food [...]... Read more »

Dang, T., Le, G., Giang Pham, T., Nguyen, T., Dao, D., Hong Vu, T., Thuy Hoang, T., Hoa Tran, T., & Vu, A. (2011) Synthesis of advanced materials for bio-oil production from rice straw by pyrolysis. Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 2(4), 45012. DOI: 10.1088/2043-6262/2/4/045012  

  • February 21, 2012
  • 03:22 PM

What is the relation between language and cognition?

by Henkjan Honing in Music Matters

What is the relation between language and cognition? On the one hand, researchers like Noam Chomsky thought of language as an independent function with its own rules. However, other people thought that language as a system is embedded in cognition and subject to all models of cognition. ... Read more »

Hauser MD, Chomsky N, & Fitch WT. (2002) The faculty of language: what is it, who has it, and how did it evolve?. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5598), 1569-79. PMID: 12446899  

  • February 18, 2012
  • 09:00 PM

Does performance matter?

by Henkjan Honing in Music Matters

A nice example of how a single score can give rise to an enormous variety of intriguing performances. ... Read more »

  • February 17, 2012
  • 10:46 AM

A Scientist’s Worst Nightmare

by Neurobonkers in Neurobonkers

A detailed analysis of a new infographic dealing with the issue of falsification in scientific research.... Read more »

  • February 13, 2012
  • 04:55 PM

An edible food sensor that warns you of spoiling food

by Cath in Basal Science (BS) Clarified

Sometimes I find myself standing in front of a stall for ages trying to pick the “perfect” watermelon. How do you pick your produce? Do you smell it, lightly tap it, or maybe even weigh it in your hands? It may soon get easier for clueless shoppers like me to grocery shop. A team of [...]... Read more »

Tao, H., Brenckle, M., Yang, M., Zhang, J., Liu, M., Siebert, S., Averitt, R., Mannoor, M., McAlpine, M., Rogers, J.... (2012) Silk-Based Conformal, Adhesive, Edible Food Sensors. Advanced Materials. DOI: 10.1002/adma.201103814  

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