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  • May 6, 2013
  • 06:52 PM

Buildings May be Powered by Graphene-Coated Walls, Study Suggests

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

A combination of graphene with other similar 2D crystals will allow to significantly increase the efficiency of solar cells and create the next generation of optoelectronic devices, scientists have revealed.... Read more »

Britnell, L., Ribeiro, R., Eckmann, A., Jalil, R., Belle, B., Mishchenko, A., Kim, Y., Gorbachev, R., Georgiou, T., Morozov, S.... (2013) Strong Light-Matter Interactions in Heterostructures of Atomically Thin Films. Science. DOI: 10.1126/science.1235547  

  • May 5, 2013
  • 07:00 PM

Social learning dilemma

by Artem Kaznatcheev in Evolutionary Games Group

Last week, my father sent me a link to the 100 top-ranked specialties in the sciences and social sciences. The Web of Knowledge report considered 10 broad areas[1] of natural and social science, and for each one listed 10 research fronts that they consider as the key fields to watch in 2013 and are “hot [...]... Read more »

Rendell L, Boyd R, Cownden D, Enquist M, Eriksson K, Feldman MW, Fogarty L, Ghirlanda S, Lillicrap T, & Laland KN. (2010) Why copy others? Insights from the social learning strategies tournament. Science, 328(5975), 208-213. PMID: 20378813  

  • May 4, 2013
  • 10:46 AM

New Battery Efficiently Stores Solar and Wind Energy

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Scientists from the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University have developed a relatively cheap, long-life “flow” battery that can be used to mitigate power fluctuations from solar and wind energy plants, therefore enabling them to become major suppliers to the electrical grid.... Read more »

  • May 4, 2013
  • 05:46 AM

Flight of the Robo-Bee

by Andrew Porterfield in United Academics

It took them more than 10 years, but Harvard engineers and scientists developed a tiny, bee-size robot that can fly on command. ... Read more »

Ma, K., Chirarattananon, P., Fuller, S., & Wood, R. (2013) Controlled Flight of a Biologically Inspired, Insect-Scale Robot. Science, 340(6132), 603-607. DOI: 10.1126/science.1231806  

  • May 3, 2013
  • 09:07 AM

Microwave for breast imaging?

by Know Your Images in Know Your Images

When we hear the word microwave, we immediately think about the heating device we have in our kitchen. But the word microwave just means waves with wavelengths from ranging from 1 meter to 1 millimeter (corresponding frequencies are 300MHz to 300 GHz). Microwave technology has been used in several engineering fields, and biomedical engineering is no exception. Microwave technology is used in the Radio Frequency components for MRI, but it also can be used as an imaging modality of its own. Microwave Imaging is research in progress, but there have been a number of groups working on this, which makes me believe that this will be available soon.... Read more »

Fear, E., Meaney, P., & Stuchly, M. (2003) Microwaves for breast cancer detection?. IEEE Potentials, 22(1), 12-18. DOI: 10.1109/MP.2003.1180933  

Nikolova, N. (2011) Microwave Imaging for Breast Cancer. IEEE Microwave Magazine, 12(7), 78-94. DOI: 10.1109/MMM.2011.942702  

  • May 3, 2013
  • 06:22 AM

Zinc: The Perfect Material for Bioabsorbable Stents?

by Perikis Livas in Chilon

In 2012, more than 3 million people had stents inserted in their coronary arteries. These tiny mesh tubes prop open blood vessels healing from procedures like a balloon angioplasty, which widens arteries blocked by clots or plaque deposits. After about six months, most damaged arteries are healed and stay open on their own. The stent, however, is there for a lifetime.... Read more »

Marcia Goodrich. (2013) Zinc: The Perfect Material for Bioabsorbable Stents?. Michigan Tech News. info:/

  • May 2, 2013
  • 05:12 PM

A Battery Charger for Electric Cars That Works 4 Times Faster Developed

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Scientists from the Chalmers University of Technology have created an integrated motor drive and a new battery charger for plug-in vehicles.... Read more »

Haghbin, S., Khan, K., Zhao, S., Alakula, M., Lundmark, S., & Carlson, O. (2013) An Integrated 20-kW Motor Drive and Isolated Battery Charger for Plug-In Vehicles. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 28(8), 4013-4029. DOI: 10.1109/TPEL.2012.2230274  

  • May 2, 2013
  • 11:52 AM

Bug’s view inspires new digital camera’s unique imaging capabilities

by Perikis Livas in Chilon

An interdisciplinary team of researchers has created the first digital cameras with designs that mimic those of ocular systems found in dragonflies, bees, praying mantises and other insects. This class of technology offers exceptionally wide-angle fields of view, with low aberrations, high acuity to motion, and nearly infinite depth of field.... Read more »

Rick Kubetz. (2013) Bug’s view inspires new digital camera’s unique imaging capabilities. University of Illinois. info:/

  • May 2, 2013
  • 10:53 AM

UF researchers develop ‘nanotrain’ for targeted cancer drug transport

by Perikis Livas in Chilon

University of Florida researchers have developed a “DNA nanotrain” that fast-tracks its payload of cancer-fighting drugs and bioimaging agents to tumor cells deep within the body. The nanotrain’s ability to cost-effectively deliver high doses of drugs to precisely targeted cancers and other medical maladies without leaving behind toxic nano-clutter has been the elusive Holy Grail for scientists studying the teeny-tiny world of DNA nanotechnology.... Read more »

Lindy McCollum-Brounley. (2013) UF researchers develop ‘nanotrain’ for targeted cancer drug transport. University of Florida News. info:/

  • May 2, 2013
  • 04:38 AM

Dissecting Art, Intersecting Anatomy - Medical illustration

by Know Your Images in Know Your Images

Pauline Lariviere was an artist whose main contributions were made to the field of medical illustration. As a scientist in the medical field, medical illustrations are essential to education. I have already spent some hours drawing something in the computer for a paper or presentation. In old times, all illustrations were done by hand, but nowadays computers play an important role and medical images are often used as a basis to medical illustrations. Here is an example of a medical illustration based on a CT scan:The video is about an exhibition which pays a tribute to Pauline Lariviere. Dissecting Art; Intersecting Anatomy from Phillip Schalekamp on Vimeo.More about the history of medical illustration and the role of computers can be read in:Tsafrir, J., & Ohry, A. (2001). Medical illustration: from caves to cyberspace‡ Health Information & Libraries Journal, 18 (2), 99-109 DOI: 10.1046/j.1471-1842.2001.d01-16.xCorl, F., Garland, M., & Fishman, E. (2000). Role of Computer Technology in Medical Illustration American Journal of Roentgenology, 175 (6), 1519-1524 DOI: 10.2214/ajr.175.6.1751519... Read more »

Corl, F., Garland, M., & Fishman, E. (2000) Role of Computer Technology in Medical Illustration. American Journal of Roentgenology, 175(6), 1519-1524. DOI: 10.2214/ajr.175.6.1751519  

  • May 2, 2013
  • 04:34 AM

Evolution Doesn’t Need Competition, After All

by Andrew Porterfield in United Academics

It’s been taken for granted since Darwin; species evolve through competition with each other for scarce resources. Then, the “more fit” adaptations can reproduce and propel the evolutionary process that much further.... Read more »

  • May 1, 2013
  • 12:17 PM

Patterned Hearts

by Perikis Livas in Chilon

A team of bioengineers at Brigham and Women’s Hospital (BWH) is the first to report creating artificial heart tissue that closely mimics the functions of natural heart tissue through the use of human-based materials. Their work will advance how clinicians treat the damaging effects caused by heart disease, the leading cause of death in the United States.... Read more »

BWH Media Relations. (2013) Patterned Hearts . Brigham and Women's Hospital. info:/

  • May 1, 2013
  • 07:29 AM

Nanomedicine: a new frontier

by Perikis Livas in Chilon

Everything our bodies do depends on interactions that happen on a nanoscale, the realm of atoms and small molecules. Today, medicine is catching up.

At the University of Minnesota, nanomedicine researchers are pushing forward with projects like new drug-delivery technologies and better screening of potential drugs.... Read more »

UM News. (2013) Nanomedicine: a new frontier. University of Minessota. info:/

  • May 1, 2013
  • 04:01 AM

‘Super-resolution’ microscope possible for nanostructures

by Perikis Livas in Chilon

Researchers have found a way to see synthetic nanostructures and molecules using a new type of super-resolution optical microscopy that does not require fluorescent dyes, representing a practical tool for biomedical and nanotechnology research.... Read more »

Emil Venere. (2013) 'Super-resolution' microscope possible for nanostructures. Purdue University News. info:/

  • April 30, 2013
  • 01:38 PM

Scientists Consider Ways to Improve the Negative Electrode in Li-Ion Batteries

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

The National Institute for Material Science Global Research Center for Environment and Energy based on Nanomaterials Science (Japan) together with the researchers from the Tokyo Metropolitan University have successfully measured the volumetric expansion of single particles of silicon, which is a negative electrode material for lithium ion batteries, accompanying the charging reaction. Based on these results, scientists demonstrated the importance of the electrode design and are looking into the possible ways to improve it.... Read more »

  • April 30, 2013
  • 09:05 AM

What does the Muse CD cover have to do with Medical Imaging?

by Know Your Images in Know Your Images

This is Muse CD cover of their 6th album: "The 2nd Law":Indeed, this image is truly beautiful and remarkable. It is an image of the white matter fibers in the brain obtained with diffusion MRI (link). The image was obtained by the Human Connectome Project, which is a 5-year project funded by NIH to find the networks of the human brain. These networks will show how our brain communicates between different regions and give insight about the anatomical and functional organization of the brain. The project also has the goal to produce data that will help understanding brain diseases such as Alzheimer's disease. The data is available to the scientific community.So how do you obtain these networks? By applying computer algorithms to data obtained with different neuroimaging techniques: MRI, fMRI, diffusion MRI among others. These computer algorithms come from the graph theory. The application of these algorithms is extremely useful, because the algorithms analyze the network, reduce the complexity, find similarities and differences between different networks.A very nice science article for researchers not familiar with the topic: know more about obtaining diffusion MRI data or network methods, look into these two articles:- Hasan, K., Walimuni, I., Abid, H., & Hahn, K. (2011). A review of diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging computational methods and software tools Computers in Biology and Medicine, 41 (12), 1062-1072 DOI: 10.1016/j.compbiomed.2010.10.008- Kaiser, M. (2011). A tutorial in connectome analysis: Topological and spatial features of brain networks NeuroImage, 57 (3), 892-907 DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2011.05.025... Read more »

  • April 29, 2013
  • 07:42 AM

CT scans help Anthropology studies

by Know Your Images in Know Your Images

This video has caught my attention few days ago. Field Museum in Chicago has used a CT scan to help them with the face reconstruction of an ancient skull (12,000 to 15,000 year old). The great advantage of using a CT scan is that once you have scanned the skull, you can do the processing and reconstruction of the skull on a computer without having to touch it, which means that the skull is never damaged. The problem here is usually the transport of the skull to the CT scan, which are usually located in hospital or clinics. This time, they used a mobile CT scan, which travels to the museum instead of the skull having to travel. Moreover, the researchers used a 3D printer to obtain a model of the skull, which was then used by a forensic artist to do the final face reconstruction. The motivation behind this new scan was that the researchers were not happy with the face reconstruction done before, which made this skull look "too Neanderthal".After watching this video, I have look for publications which describe the techniques used, but I haven't found many detailed publications. However, I found this review publication (Lynnerup, N. (2010). Medical Imaging of Mummies and Bog Bodies – A Mini-Review Gerontology, 56 (5), 441-448 DOI: 10.1159/000266031), which I have read and although not too detailed about the CT scanning procedures, I have learned a few things: - Living tissues require different processing that dead tissues, because Hounsfield units are different. Bone tends to de-mineralize, while soft tissues tend to become denser (probably due to surrounding minerals).- Even that this type of scans are done since the 70's, new CT scans are also done, because technology has improved that new findings arise.- CT data can be easily shared with other scientists, while skulls and mummies can't. ... Read more »

  • April 27, 2013
  • 10:50 AM

Procrastination to find the most cited papers in Medical Imaging

by Know Your Images in Know Your Images

Few day ago, I was wondering what were the most cited (important?) papers in Medical Imaging in the last ten/five/two years. The problem was that I didn't know exactly how to find this information. I googled a bit around and I found a way and tried it out. I found also some extra information about the subject:Published Papers in Radiology, Nuclear Science and Medical Imaging Field: Citations in Radiology, Nuclear Science and Medical Imaging Field:It is interesting to note that it is increasing steadily every year.  Most cited paper in Radiology, Nuclear Science and Medical Imaging Field:- of the last 10 yearsJan, S., Santin, G., Strul, D., Staelens, S., Assié, K., Autret, D., Avner, S., Barbier, R., Bardiès, M., Bloomfield, P., Brasse, D., Breton, V., Bruyndonckx, P., Buvat, I., Chatziioannou, A., Choi, Y., Chung, Y., Comtat, C., Donnarieix, D., Ferrer, L., Glick, S., Groiselle, C., Guez, D., Honore, P., Kerhoas-Cavata, S., Kirov, A., Kohli, V., Koole, M., Krieguer, M., Laan, D., Lamare, F., Largeron, G., Lartizien, C., Lazaro, D., Maas, M., Maigne, L., Mayet, F., Melot, F., Merheb, C., Pennacchio, E., Perez, J., Pietrzyk, U., Rannou, F., Rey, M., Schaart, D., Schmidtlein, C., Simon, L., Song, T., Vieira, J., Visvikis, D., Walle, R., Wieërs, E., & Morel, C. (2004). GATE: a simulation toolkit for PET and SPECT Physics in Medicine and Biology, 49 (19), 4543-4561 DOI: 10.1088/0031-9155/49/19/007- of the last 5 yearsKlein, S., Staring, M., Murphy, K., Viergever, M., & Pluim, J. (2010). elastix: A Toolbox for Intensity-Based Medical Image Registration IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging, 29 (1), 196-205 DOI: 10.1109/TMI.2009.2035616- of the last 2 yearsHricak, H., Brenner, D., Adelstein, S., Frush, D., Hall, E., Howell, R., McCollough, C., Mettler, F., Pearce, M., Suleiman, O., Thrall, J., & Wagner, L. (2010). Managing Radiation Use in Medical Imaging: A Multifaceted Challenge Radiology, 258 (3), 889-905 DOI: 10.1148/radiol.10101157How to find this information?Go to Web of Knowledge and follow these tutorial: ... Read more »

Jan, S., Santin, G., Strul, D., Staelens, S., Assié, K., Autret, D., Avner, S., Barbier, R., Bardiès, M., Bloomfield, P.... (2004) GATE: a simulation toolkit for PET and SPECT. Physics in Medicine and Biology, 49(19), 4543-4561. DOI: 10.1088/0031-9155/49/19/007  

Klein, S., Staring, M., Murphy, K., Viergever, M., & Pluim, J. (2010) elastix: A Toolbox for Intensity-Based Medical Image Registration. IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging, 29(1), 196-205. DOI: 10.1109/TMI.2009.2035616  

Hricak, H., Brenner, D., Adelstein, S., Frush, D., Hall, E., Howell, R., McCollough, C., Mettler, F., Pearce, M., Suleiman, O.... (2010) Managing Radiation Use in Medical Imaging: A Multifaceted Challenge. Radiology, 258(3), 889-905. DOI: 10.1148/radiol.10101157  

  • April 26, 2013
  • 05:27 AM

Tartaglia-Pascal triangle and quantum mechanics

by Marco Frasca in The Gauge Connection

The paper I wrote with Alfonso Farina and Matteo Sedehi about the link between the Tartaglia-Pascal triangle and quantum mechanics is now online (see here). This paper contains as a statement my theorem that provides a connection between the square root of a Wiener process and the Schrödinger equation that arose a lot of interest [...]... Read more »

  • April 24, 2013
  • 03:25 PM

Video reveals cancer cells’ Achilles’ heel

by Perikis Livas in Chilon

Scientists from the Manchester Collaborative Centre for Inflammation Research (MCCIR) have discovered why a particular cancer drug is so effective at killing cells. Their findings could be used to aid the design of future cancer treatments.... Read more »

Morwenna Grills. (2013) Video reveals cancer cells’ Achilles’ heel. The University of Manchester . info:/

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