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  • April 26, 2011
  • 06:02 PM
  • 1,339 views

Acts of God or Acts of Man?

by Jan Husdal in husdal.com

Do we ever learn? How come we humans knowingly and willingly put ourselves and our critical infrastructure in harm's way time and again? Instead of living with and adjusting to natural hazards, we turn them into natural disasters, by our own doings and short-sighted decisions. [ ... ]... Read more »

Sieh, Kerry. (2000) Acts of God, Acts of Man: How Humans Turn Natural Hazards into Natural Disasters. Engineering and Science, 63(4), 8-17. info:other/

  • April 22, 2011
  • 12:05 PM
  • 1,411 views

The earth has music for those who listen

by Laelaps in Laelaps

As Stephen Jay Gould once put it, we have an earful of jaw. The small, sound-conducting bones of our inner ears – the incus, malleus, and stapes – got their start as jaw bones in our distant ancestors, and the modification of bits of jaw into intricate ear components is one of the classic examples [...]... Read more »

  • April 22, 2011
  • 12:00 AM
  • 997 views

Tides & Earthquakes

by Mika McKinnon in GeoMika

A literature review of studies concerning of tidal pull triggering earthquakes.... Read more »

Emter, D. (1997) Tidal triggering of earthquakes and volcanic events. Tidal Phenomena, 293-309. info:/10.1007/BFb0011468

Heaton, T. (1975) Tidal Triggering of Earthquakes. Geophysical Journal International, 43(2), 307-326. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.1975.tb00637.x  

Heaton, T. H. (1982) Tidal triggering of earthquakes. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 72(6A), 2181-2200. info:/

Shlien, S. (1972) Earthquake-Tide Correlation. Geophysical Journal International, 28(1), 27-34. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.1972.tb06108.x  

  • April 21, 2011
  • 05:55 PM
  • 1,335 views

The Oldest Toothache

by Laelaps in Laelaps

Edward Drinker Cope was not exactly known for his sunny disposition. One of the key players in the “Bone Wars” of the late 19th century, his long-running feud with fellow bone sharp Othniel Charles Marsh is the stuff of scientific legend. The two former friends tussled over everything from fossil sites to the naming rights [...]... Read more »

  • April 19, 2011
  • 10:40 AM
  • 1,561 views

Just When You Thought Velociraptor Couldn’t Get Scarier

by Brian Switek in Dinosaur Tracking

Randall Munroe, the creator of the webcomic XKCD, isn’t going to like this one bit. Fear of attack by Velociraptor is a running theme in the science-themed series—lazy computer programmers should be especially wary—and two separate discoveries announced last week gave those with a phobia of raptors good reason to barricade the doors and windows. [...]... Read more »

  • April 19, 2011
  • 10:07 AM
  • 1,482 views

Scientist in Residence: My ‘Seascape of Fear’

by Kevin Zelnio in Deep Sea News

Eric Heupel is a graduate student at University of Connecticut in Oceanography. He keeps a personal blog at Eclectic Echoes and Larval Images, and used to part of The Other 95% team along with me before we closed shop. You can find Eric tweeting as @eclecticechoes. —————————————————- Hey folks, Kevin asked me to . . . → Read More: Scientist in Residence: My ‘Seascape of Fear’... Read more »

  • April 19, 2011
  • 10:07 AM
  • 1,258 views

Scientist in Residence: My ‘Seascape of Fear’

by Alistair Dove in Deep Type Flow

Eric Heupel is a graduate student at University of Connecticut in Oceanography. He keeps a personal blog at Eclectic Echoes and Larval Images, and used to part of The Other 95% team along with me before we closed shop. You can find Eric tweeting as @eclecticechoes. —————————————————- Hey folks, Kevin asked me to . . . → Read More: Scientist in Residence: My ‘Seascape of Fear’... Read more »

  • April 17, 2011
  • 10:22 PM
  • 1,134 views

Stretching the truth: vertical exaggeration of seismic data

by Zoltan Sylvester in Hindered Settling

If someone showed a photograph of the famous Cuernos massif (Torres del Paine National Park, Chile) like the one below, it would be - probably, hopefully - obvious to everybody that something is wrong with the picture. Our eyes and brains have seen enough mountain scenery that we intuitively know how steep is 'steep' in alpine landscapes. The peaks in this photograph just look too extreme, too high if one takes into account their lateral extent.The Cuernos in Torres del Paine National Park, Chil........ Read more »

  • April 17, 2011
  • 12:39 AM
  • 1,420 views

Whale Bone-Devouring Worm Into More Than Just Whales

by Kevin Zelnio in Deep Sea News

We have a long history of being HUGE fans of the “bone-devouring zombie worm from hell”. Osedax species were described less than 10 years ago and much work on their reproduction, evolution and ecology has yielded incredible insights into a unique and bizarre way of life! Early on, Osedax was only found on . . . → Read More: Whale Bone-Devouring Worm Into More Than Just Whales... Read more »

Glover AG, Kemp KM, Smith CR, & Dahlgren TG. (2008) On the role of bone-eating worms in the degradation of marine vertebrate remains. Proceedings. Biological sciences / The Royal Society, 275(1646), 1959-1961. PMID: 18505721  

Jones WJ, Johnson SB, Rouse GW, & Vrijenhoek RC. (2008) Marine worms (genus Osedax) colonize cow bones. Proceedings. Biological sciences / The Royal Society, 275(1633), 387-391. PMID: 18077256  

Rouse GW, Goffredi SK, Johnson SB, & Vrijenhoek RC. (2011) Not whale-fall specialists, Osedax worms also consume fishbones. Biology letters. PMID: 21490008  

Vrijenhoek, R., Collins, P., & Van Dover, C. (2008) Bone-eating marine worms: habitat specialists or generalists?. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 275(1646), 1963-1964. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2008.0350  

  • April 16, 2011
  • 12:02 AM
  • 1,402 views

Citing versioned papers, robots and reviewers?

by Daniel Mietchen in Research Cycle Research

Established scholarly citation practices are tailored towards static documents. With the use of versioned documents spreading, citation formats have to follow suit. This requires to balance the need for proper identification of the source of a claim with the demands for cited information being up to date. Getting this right is particularly important in naturally versioned environments like wikis or GitHub. Continue reading →... Read more »

  • April 14, 2011
  • 03:07 PM
  • 1,553 views

Mountain Dwarfs & Earthquakes

by Cris Campbell in Genealogy of Religion

Before there were materialist explanations of nature’s unpredictable fury, there were stories. These stories were not mere entertainment, but were attempts to make sense of that which was inexplicable. The world is of course an unpredictable place. We were powerfully reminded of this but one month ago, as an earthquake and tsunami devastated Japan.
Modern Japanese [...]... Read more »

Cruikshank, Julie. (1992) Invention of Anthropology in British Columbia's Supreme Court: Oral Tradition as Evidence in Delgamuukw v. B.C. BC Studies, 25-42. info:other/

  • April 14, 2011
  • 11:01 AM
  • 1,287 views

Birds Inherited Strong Sense of Smell From Dinosaurs

by Brian Switek in Dinosaur Tracking

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=22Qup626DTc Feathers, air sacs, nesting behavior—the earliest birds owed a lot to their dinosaurian ancestors. The first birds also inherited a strong sense of smell. Modern birds have not been thought of as excellent scent-detectors, save for some super-smellers such as turkey vultures, which detect the scent of rotting carcasses. We typically think of avians [...]... Read more »

Zelenitsky, D., Therrien, F., Ridgely, R., McGee, A., & Witmer, L. (2011) Evolution of olfaction in non-avian theropod dinosaurs and birds. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2011.0238  

  • April 14, 2011
  • 06:56 AM
  • 1,049 views

Structural geology in Cabo Peñas (Asturias, Spain). Part I

by Jorge in StructuralGeology.org

The NW of the Iberian Peninsula is a remanent of the doubly vergent Hercynian Orogen (see figure attached), formed during the Devonian-Carboniferous time by the collision of Laurussia (or Euramerica) with Gondwana, forming Pangaea.
In this article I want to show you some pictures we did in the Bay of Llumeres.... Read more »

Manuel Julivert. (1976) La estructura de la región del cabo Peñas. Trabajos de Geología, 203-309. info:other/

  • April 13, 2011
  • 10:14 PM
  • 1,473 views

A Southerner Relays Tales of Ship Wrecks and Worms

by Dr. M in Deep Sea News

Dear Readers, Mint Julep In the summer of ‘06 I, a Southern gentleman in my finest white linen suit*, find myself in the lower portion of England.  The heat smothers me.  Now if I found myself in the land of Delta Blues, I would quench my thirst with a mint julep.  But alas, . . . → Read More: A Southerner Relays Tales of Ship Wrecks and Worms... Read more »

  • April 13, 2011
  • 10:14 PM
  • 1,552 views

A Southerner Relays Tales of Ship Wrecks and Worms

by Alistair Dove in Deep Type Flow

Dear Readers, Mint Julep In the summer of ‘06 I, a Southern gentleman in my finest white linen suit*, find myself in the lower portion of England.  The heat smothers me.  Now if I found myself in the land of Delta Blues, I would quench my thirst with a mint julep.  But alas, . . . → Read More: A Southerner Relays Tales of Ship Wrecks and Worms... Read more »

  • April 13, 2011
  • 10:07 AM
  • 1,498 views

Daemonosaurus Shakes Up the Early History of Dinosaurs

by Brian Switek in Dinosaur Tracking

Evolution is not a constant march of onward-and-upward progress. Any organism is a mosaic of the ancient and the modern—old features can be modified and put to new uses over time—and the mechanism of natural selection accounts for both an apparent lack of change and dramatic evolutionary transformations. There is no driving force towards perfection, [...]... Read more »

Sues, H.; Nesbitt, S.; Berman, D.; Henrici, A. (2011) A late-surviving basal theropod dinosaur from the latest Triassic of North America. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 1-6. info:/10.1098/rspb.2011.0410

  • April 12, 2011
  • 01:32 PM
  • 1,384 views

The Deep History of Dinosaur Lice

by Brian Switek in Dinosaur Tracking

Hunting dinosaurs is a dangerous business. Scores of fictional, time-traveling hunters have learned this lesson the hard way, but arguably the most unfortunate was the protagonist of Brian Aldiss’ short story “Poor Little Warrior.” All Claude Ford wanted to do was get away from his disappointing life and unhappy marriage by gunning down prehistoric monsters. [...]... Read more »

DALGLEISH, R., PALMA, R., PRICE, R., & SMITH, V. (2006) Fossil lice (Insecta: Phthiraptera) reconsidered. Systematic Entomology, 31(4), 648-651. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3113.2006.00342.x  

Smith, V., Ford, T., Johnson, K., Johnson, P., Yoshizawa, K., & Light, J. (2011) Multiple lineages of lice pass through the K-Pg boundary. Biology Letters. DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2011.0105  

Wappler, T., Smith, V., & Dalgleish, R. (2004) Scratching an ancient itch: an Eocene bird louse fossil. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 271(Suppl_5). DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2003.0158  

  • April 11, 2011
  • 05:48 PM
  • 1,430 views

Another Use For Shovel Tusks

by Laelaps in Laelaps

Author’s Note: I’m a little too short on time to finish up a new post for this afternoon, so here’s a revised essay from the archives that is a fitting follow-up to Saturday’s post on American mastodon tusks.
Whenever I visit  New York’s American Museum of Natural History, I can’t leave without briefly passing through the [...]... Read more »

Lambert, D. (1992) The feeding habits of the shovel-tusked gomphotheres: evidence from tusk wear patterns . Paleobiology, 18(2), 132-147. info:/

  • April 11, 2011
  • 11:02 AM
  • 1,215 views

How to Build a Dinosaur Den

by Brian Switek in Dinosaur Tracking

Oryctodromeus isn’t exactly a household name. A small, herbivorous ornithopod found in the Late Cretaceous rock of western North America, it was the sort of dinosaur most often depicted as being prey for charismatic carnivores. But there was at least one aspect of Oryctodromeus that made it particularly interesting—this dinosaur may have lived in burrows. [...]... Read more »

  • April 9, 2011
  • 10:32 AM
  • 1,704 views

The Meaning of Mastodon Tusks

by Laelaps in Laelaps


Until recently, I did not fully appreciate fossil teeth. Their significance for identifying species and narrowing down the general diet of extinct animals was obvious, but I didn’t understand that teeth also hold intricate records of an individual animal’s life. Tiny pits and scratches on enamel can reveal what a creature was eating around the [...]... Read more »

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